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Jude The Obscure Gender And Sexuality English Literature Essay

The representation of women within Jude the Obscure [Hardy, Thomas. Jude the Obscure (Wordsworth Editions Limited, Hertfordshire, 1995)] is arguably based upon the social concepts of the time the novel was written. It can be suggested that the female characters within the novel are portrayed as good if they stick to the traditional Victorian way of life in that they repress much of their emotion and also, their sexuality. In Jude the Obscure, we come across two very different types of female characters in which it can be argued that they serve the purpose to make a comment regarding the roles of women and women’s sexuality within society. Readers of the novel are presented with Arabella Donn, a rather extremely sexual character and with Sue Bridehead, who is considerably more intellectual and seemingly mundane. Arabella is described as having “… a round and prominent bosom, full lips, perfect teeth, and the rich complexion of a cochin hen’s egg.” (p. 33) which as a result suggests to the reader she is a woman who is rather sexual. Further, her character demonstrates this quality by throwing a pig’s genitalia at Jude, which allows her to fit into this ideal by expressing her power within the hierarchy of sexuality by taking control of a phallus object and hitting a man with it, arguably emasculating him. On the other hand however, we have Sue. Sue arguably represents a more intellectual match for Jude in that she is less physically attractive and less sexual. Kathleen Blake comments on Sue Bridehead’s character and states that she recognizes “…the conflict between Sue’s desire to be an individual and the “femaleness that breaks her” but sets he struggle in rather narrowly personal terms so that her feminism remains disconnected from a wider Victorian framework.” (p. 704) [Blake, Kathleen. “Sue Bridehead, “The Woman of the Feminist Movement”” Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900. Vol. 18, No. 4 Nineteenth Century. (Autumn, 1978), pp. 703-726.] This portrays the idea that Sue is a woman that is trying hard to work against the social ideas that were dominant at the time; as a result this makes her a woman that represents what women should be doing during the time. Sue is seemingly a rather attractive character in that she is portrayed to go against stereotypical expectations. She avoids Phillotson’s perception of her as a little girl, and Jude’s vision of her as a divine creature. She is shown to resist the traditional role of a wife, and further the domestic confinement that comes with being a married woman within the middle-class Victorian period. She complains that the Church views her as an object to be given “like a she-ass or she-goat, or any other domestic animal” (p.170). By leaping from a window in order to escape the sexual demands her husband is expected to make this suggests that she aims to rise above her circumstances rather than be bound by them. Although she gains admission to a training-school for teachers, she remains excluded, arguably as a woman, from university education. Sue sees the school as a cross between a nunnery and a prison, and she inevitably breaks free from it. Despite Sue’s persistent attempts for freedom, she ends up effectively buried alive as Phillotson’s wife in Marygreen. Her fate highlights the persistence of patriarchal injustice in a way that some happier ending would potentially not achieve. It can be suggested that Sue is a rather modern heroine in that not only does she live with men without wanting to marry them, but she also lives a rather rich and intellectual life working alongside Jude. Hardy seems to be criticising the social conventions that prevent her from reaching her full potential not only as an intellectual but also as a worker. However, he also unintentionally reinforces some of these conventions in that he portrays Sue as rather hysterical and anxious and as a result this represents a common Victorian stereotype regarding women being very emotional. It can be suggested that the most striking element about Arabella is her physicality in that being a daughter of a pig-breeder; she is described as “a complete and substantial female human” compromised by her “coarseness of skin and fibre” (p.39). Jude is attracted to her sensuality but yet repelled by her coarseness. This alone tells us a lot concerning her character in that she is considerably hopeful to intellectual and social improvement yet despite this she is seemingly driven by sensual appetites and inclined to submit to temptation. Sue is said to be “light and slight, of the type dubbed elegant”. In contrast to Arabella, “there was nothing statuesque in her; all was nervous motion” (p.90). She as a result, arguably embodies restless mobility within the novel which could be an indicator of modernity. Both women love Jude, but Hardy however portrays these women as two very different characters. In Julian Cowley’s York Notes [Cowley, Julian. York Notes Advanced: Jude the Obscure (York Press, London, 2001)] on Jude the Obscure it is noted that “Arabella is physically robust and sensual; Sue is delicate to the point of seeming ethereal, and she abhors physical contact. Arabella’s knowledge is purely of a practical kind, derived from the hurly-burly of experience; Sue’s intellect is directed to ideals and abstractions, detached from the world of human interaction” (p.75). In looking at this novel from a feminist perspective, it can be argued that Hardy portrays women in a rather unfavourable light in that Arabella is seemingly full of lust and she is also selfish whilst Sue is considered to be somewhat of a tease. Further, because of these two women Jude’s plans are ruined. The question is raised as to whether Hardy himself felt that these two stereotypes were an accurate portrayal of women within Victorian society. In Jude the Obscure it is worth considering that Thomas Hardy may possibly be criticising the Victorian idea of repressing sexuality and limiting the agency of women. By presenting the reader with a woman such as Arabella, Hardy is showing the reader what sexuality would be if there were no social restraints against it. Arabella is free to express herself freely and does not care what others think of her actions, she possesses the agency to gain power over the Victorian code, and also over Jude. It can be suggested that the contrast portrayed between Arabella and Sue give us a somewhat heightened sense of each character, however it can also suggest that Thomas Hardy himself is arguably more concerned with types rather than individuals. Thus, the portrayal of Arabella and Sue within Jude the Obscure present us with two very different types of women within the Victorian period. The question is raised as to whether Hardy did this intentionally or not, but nonetheless these characters are the topic of modern controversy in that they both notably contrast one another. The novel shows us how loneliness and sensuality can prevent a person from fulfilling their dreams through the character of Arabella, whereas through Sue’s character it is suggested that when free from the bind of marriage her dreams too will not be fulfilled as she is of a lower status.
Languages homework help. Question 1. 1. Nagel argues that the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were just like what other kind of action, just on a larger scale? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿKilling the wife and child of someone attacking you in order to distract him from his attack. ÿÿÿÿÿÿBombing a munitions factory and killing some of the civilian workers inside. ÿÿÿÿÿÿFiring at an enemy soldier and hitting an innocent bystander with a stray bullet. ÿÿÿÿÿÿBombing a convoy of enemy soldiers.ÿQuestion 2. 2. According to Kant, persons: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿare rational beings. ÿÿÿÿÿÿmust always be regarded as an end. ÿÿÿÿÿÿhave absolute value. ÿÿÿÿÿÿall of the above.Question 3. 3. Which one of these is nota way of expressing Kant?s Categorical Imperative? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿAct as if the maxim of your action were to become by your will a universal law. ÿÿÿÿÿÿAct that you use humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end, never merely as a means. ÿÿÿÿÿÿAct so that the maxim of your action ensures the satisfaction of your desires. ÿÿÿÿÿÿNone of the above.Question 4. 4. Kant explains that respect for a person is: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿthe recognition of the worth of the person?s potential contribution to society. ÿÿÿÿÿÿdependent upon whether the person respects others. ÿÿÿÿÿÿboth A and B ÿÿÿÿÿÿnone of the above.Question 5. 5. In the video ?What is Just War Theory?? Michael Walzer states that a core idea of Just War Theory (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿrequires us to imagine the rules of war as they would apply to a peaceful, civil society ÿÿÿÿÿÿrequires us to judge the conduct of a war independently of the character of the war ÿÿÿÿÿÿrequires us to imagine that a war is like a bank robbery, and that the just warrior defending his country has rights the unjust warrior invading his country does not have ÿÿÿÿÿÿnone of the aboveQuestion 6. 6. In the video, ?Drones Are Ethical and Effective,? Kenneth Anderson argues that the use of drones is ethical [email protected] answer can be found in the video ?Drones Are Ethical and Effective? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿit provides a greater separation between the target and operator ÿÿÿÿÿÿit allows us to maintain a list of high value targets ÿÿÿÿÿÿit is more precise than other forms of weaponry ÿÿÿÿÿÿnone of the aboveQuestion 7. 7. Which would be an example of a hypothetical imperative, according to Kant?s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿIf I want to keep my customers, I should be honest with them. ÿÿÿÿÿÿIt would be nice if everyone respected each other. ÿÿÿÿÿÿI ought never to make a promise that I don?t intend to keep. ÿÿÿÿÿÿall of the above.Question 8. 8. In Kant Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, the maxim of an act is: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿthe policy or principle that you would be following if you did it. ÿÿÿÿÿÿthe expected overall utility resulting from the action. ÿÿÿÿÿÿthe moral rule that an act either respects or violates . ÿÿÿÿÿÿall of the above.Question 9. 9. Nagel?s argument that hostility or aggression should be directed at its true object means that which of the following would probably not be permissible? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿTorturing a prisoner to get the names of his confederates. ÿÿÿÿÿÿAttacking an enemy country?s agricultural system. ÿÿÿÿÿÿBombing major cultural centers. ÿÿÿÿÿÿAll of the above.ÿQuestion 10. 10. According to Thomas Nagel?s article, ?War and Massacre,? the absolutist position that creates no problems of interpretation is (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿrule utilitarianism ÿÿÿÿÿÿact utilitarianism ÿÿÿÿÿÿpacifism ÿÿÿÿÿÿhumanitarian interventionQuestion 11. 11. According to Nagel, to which of the following groups of people is hostility most appropriately aimed? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿInnocents ÿÿÿÿÿÿCivilians ÿÿÿÿÿÿCombatants ÿÿÿÿÿÿNon-combatantsQuestion 12. 12. In the article ?War and Massacre,? Thomas Nagel argues that moral absolutism (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿis consistent with the principles of utilitarianism ÿÿÿÿÿÿcan be used to justify genocide ÿÿÿÿÿÿis primarily concerned with what a person is doing ÿÿÿÿÿÿis primarily concerned with the outcome of a person?s actionsQuestion 13. 13. Kant argues that when I find someone in need: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿI should give whatever spare resources I have unless it makes me worse off than the person I?m trying to help. ÿÿÿÿÿÿI should consider a world in which no one helped me when I was in need, recognize that I could never will such a world, and help them in the best way that I can. ÿÿÿÿÿÿI should sympathize with them, but recognize that the world is better off overall if we each only look after our own interests. ÿÿÿÿÿÿI should remember that as autonomous beings they are responsible for their own situation, and thus that I have no responsibility to help them out.Question 14. 14. According to Nagel, which of the following may be permitted by absolutism, at least in some circumstances? (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿIntentionally killing an innocent person ÿÿÿÿÿÿDoing something that brings about an innocent person’s death ÿÿÿÿÿÿDropping a nuclear bomb on an enemy city ÿÿÿÿÿÿTorturing an innocent personQuestion 15. 15. Kant argues that we should never use people as a means: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿunless we are certain that it benefits the majority. ÿÿÿÿÿÿunless we are certain that it is to their own long-term benefit. ÿÿÿÿÿÿunless we are respecting their rational autonomy at the same time. ÿÿÿÿÿÿfor any purpose whatsoever.Question 16. 16. According to the video ?Religion, War, and Violence,? proponents of Just War Theory agree that without the restraints of Just War Theory (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿthe violence and aggression of war would be worse ÿÿÿÿÿÿhumanitarian intervention would be more successful ÿÿÿÿÿÿprisoners and noncombatants would have greater equality ÿÿÿÿÿÿnone of the aboveQuestion 17. 17. Reason is a faculty that we have that: (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿis only good if it succeeds in satisfying our desires. ÿÿÿÿÿÿis the driving principle of a good will. ÿÿÿÿÿÿis the fundamental ground of human dignity. ÿÿÿÿÿÿboth B and CQuestion 18. 18. Jeremy Waldron argues that the current use of drone warfare is unethical because (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿit is conducted by unlawful combatants such as CIA personnel who are not subject to military ethics ÿÿÿÿÿÿit is conducted by individuals who are thousands of miles removed from targets ÿÿÿÿÿÿit may result in unintended civilian casualties ÿÿÿÿÿÿall of the aboveQuestion 19. 19. According to the video ?Religion, War, and Violence,? Just War Theory asserts that military intervention (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿcan be seen as an act of altruism ÿÿÿÿÿÿmust always have an altruistic component ÿÿÿÿÿÿmust be primarily an act of altruism ÿÿÿÿÿÿmust never have an altruistic componentQuestion 20. 20. Jeremy Waldron argues that drone warfare is neither ethical or effective because it (Points : 1) ÿÿÿÿÿÿthreatens a world of death lists and death squads ÿÿÿÿÿÿpromotes the growth of terrorism ÿÿÿÿÿÿinhibits the development of counter-terrorism strategies ÿÿÿÿÿÿall of the above Answer Submitted by Prof. Keynes on Fri, 2015-02-20 00:56teacher rated 527 times 4.497155purchased one timeprice: $0.00 Answer rating (rated one time) 5Click for more detailsAnswer ratingRatingReviewBy student RatingReviewBy student 5awesome 95% thanks so much it took a few tries but thanks for working with me AWESOME AWESOME! THankstruhar Quality AnswersLanguages homework help

a paper of 500 words what . is theater

a paper of 500 words what . is theater. Help me study for my English class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

Extra Credit Assignment #3: What is Theater?
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Extra Credit Assignment 3.pdf (250.881 KB)

Extra Credit Assignment #3: What is Theater?
In one paragraph, please respond to the following prompt:
In the essays in this reading packet, the authors all seem to believe that theater should have a more profound goal than merely to provide entertainment for its audiences. In a few sentences, can you describe what one or more of the authors (Artaud, Auslander, Grotowski, Brook, or Boal) suggest that theater should accomplish?
Please use at least two specific quotations (from two different essays) to help you answer this question. However, you should also think generally about the readings taken as a whole. Is there a view these writers share about the role of theater in society?
This assignment will be worth up to 2 points. Please upload your answer as an MS Word file onto the ASSIGNMENTS tab on blackboard.
a paper of 500 words what . is theater

BSL4060 ColumbiaSouthern Unit 2 Motivation And Skills Of A Team

nursing essay writing service BSL4060 ColumbiaSouthern Unit 2 Motivation And Skills Of A Team.

You have been recently promoted to lead a new division of Company XYZ. This company is known for its team-oriented atmosphere, and your boss has raved about some of your natural leadership qualities. Your first task is to assemble the best team possible from the potential candidates found below. Read each description, and provide the following information in a two- to three-page double-spaced document (not including the title and references pages):Classify each team member into one of the four matrix areas.Discuss the reommended action for each employee depending on his/her classification.Distinguish if your role as the leader will be a facilitator, coach, or a combination of the two.Examine which team competencies would benefit from shared leadership.Click here to access the descriptions.
BSL4060 ColumbiaSouthern Unit 2 Motivation And Skills Of A Team

Letter: Illegal Requirements, law homework help

Letter: Illegal Requirements, law homework help.

Congratulations! Your CEO has approved your proposal in the hiring of a new position of Claims Supervisor. There’s just one problem; your CEO has told you the “type” of person to hire with an explanation in parenthesis:Male (supervising mostly men)Aged 35 (shows experience and maturity)Single, no children (due to the hours the position will require)5 Years’ experience as Supervisor (less training needed)From the same industry (familiar with the terminology, vendors, etc.)Master’s degree in Business (Supervisor role)As the Human Resource Manager for the auto insurance company called Premium Auto Insurance, it is your role and responsibility to ensure qualifications are ethically and legally associated with the position being hired.You notice your CEO has given you some illegal requirements for the position; but he/she is your CEO and you are new to the position. He/she must know what they are talking about, right? As the Human Resource Manager it is ultimately your responsibility to address this, not the CEO.Conduct research and provide at least 2 credible source webpages (must provide web address links to your credible sources) to create a minimum 3 page letter to the CEO in which you will complete the following:Identification of the Acts/Laws that are being violated by the request.Explanation of each Act/Law being violated by the request.Discuss why the requests are unethical.Explain why it’s important for the company to uphold ethical practices.Describe the consequences of NOT following through with the requested qualifications.Remember that this is a business letter. Make sure to format your paper properly for your letter. This letter is a business document, so make sure to use proper language and tone. Remember, you are the HR Manager and you are writing to the CEO so use a tone in your letter that is specific to your audience (the CEO). You also need to be persuasive.Include at least 2 credible sources (must provide web address links to your credible sources). Make sure to include APA in-text citations for any information used from outside sources.Single space paragraphs and one space only in between each paragraph.Structured as a letter, Block or modified blocks, Formatting is correct to, from, date, and topic, Alignment is correct with 1 inch margins.A note about credible sources: Credible sources are reliable, accurate, and trustworthy. These sources are written by authors respected in their fields of study. You want to identify sources where the author of the article is listed; if they’ve referenced other sources, you should investigate those primary sources to ensure they accurately support the way in which they were used. Wikipedia is not considered a credible source.
Letter: Illegal Requirements, law homework help

Demand Estimation

Demand Estimation.

Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie, frozen microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April.For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independent-and-dependent-variables–3.Option 1Note: The following is a regression equation. Standard errors are in parentheses for the demand for widgets.QD = – 5200 – 42P + 20PX + 5.2I + 0.20A + 0.25M(2.002) (17.5) (6.2) (2.5) (0.09) (0.21)R2 = 0.55 n = 26 F = 4.88Your supervisor has asked you to compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Assume the following values for the independent variables:Q = Quantity demanded of 3-pack unitsP (in cents) = Price of the product = 500 cents per 3-pack unitPX (in cents) = Price of leading competitor’s product = 600 cents per 3-pack unitI (in dollars) = Per capita income of the standard metropolitan statistical area(SMSA) in which the supermarkets are located = $5,500A (in dollars) = Monthly advertising expenditures = $10,000M = Number of microwave ovens sold in the SMSA in which thesupermarkets are located = 5,000Option 2Note: The following is a regression equation. Standard errors are in parentheses for the demand for widgets.QD = -2,000 – 100P + 15A + 25PX + 10I(5,234) (2.29) (525) (1.75) (1.5)R2 = 0.85 n = 120 F = 35.25Your supervisor has asked you to compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Assume the following values for the independent variables:Q = Quantity demanded of 3-pack unitsP (in cents) = Price of the product = 200 cents per 3-pack unitPX (in cents) = Price of leading competitor’s product = 300 cents per 3-pack unitI (in dollars) = Per capita income of the standard metropolitan statistical area(SMSA) in which the supermarkets are located = $5,000A (in dollars) = Monthly advertising expenditures = $640Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations.Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of short-term and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results.Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation.Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed. Further assume that the price changes are 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 cents.Plot the demand curve for the firm.Plot the corresponding supply curve on the same graph using the following MC / supply function Q = -7909.89 + 79.1P with the same prices.Determine the equilibrium price and quantity.Outline the significant factors that could cause changes in supply and demand for the low-calorie, frozen microwavable food. Determine the primary manner in which both the short-term and the long-term changes in market conditions could impact the demand for, and the supply, of the product.Indicate the crucial factors that could cause rightward shifts and leftward shifts of the demand and supply curves for the low-calorie, frozen microwavable food.Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
Demand Estimation