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Journal: Reflections on Personal Challenges

Journal: Reflections on Personal Challenges.

Journal: Reflections on Personal ChallengesAs a future health psychology professional, you will likely work with diverse populations and face many challenging health behavior issues. Perhaps some specific health behavior issues, such as drinking water quality, child obesity, or domestic violence prevention may inspire your passion and could be the focus of a future career. There may be other health behavior issues that are challenging for you for various reasons. For this Journal assignment, reflect on your feelings about different populations and health behavior issues. Identify any challenges you personally might face when working with these populations or issues and how you might work toward becoming a more sensitive and competent professional.The assignment: (2–3 pages)Explain any challenges you personally might face when working with specific populations and/or specific health behavior issues. Reflect on and explain how your personal experiences, values, and culture influence your thoughts and actions. Explain future steps you can take to become a sensitive and competent health psychology professional.Support your Journal Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.
Journal: Reflections on Personal Challenges

ENG 241 Howard University Second Letter to the Spanish Crown by Charles V Discussion.

I’m working on a english multi-part question and need support to help me understand better.

You can find copies of the U.S. Constitution and the Declaration of Independence (Links to an external site.) at the National Archives website (Links to an external site.).
The National Archives is located on the Mall in Washington, DC. These original documents, as well as a the Articles of Confederation (which created the Continental Congress) and a copy of the English Magna Carta, are available for public viewing at this location.
Section 1  
Discussion #1: Exploration and Encounter
Before beginning your second discussion thread, Review the Discussion Board Expectations in the Syllabus under Course Grading.
(1) In this discussion, there are a number of Discussion Prompts listed below. You must respond to TWO of them.

Make your initial post before the Module is halfway over. (As always, please consult the course Calendar where the instructor will list specific due dates.)
Return before the Module closes and respond to at least two classmates’ posts, preferably on the same topics you chose. Continue the conversation with your fellow students.
Students are expected to read what other students have posted.
Students may reply to, or expand upon, points made by other students in the thread.

(2) To earn points:

All posts should average about two paragraphs minimum.  
All posts MUST be significant and substantial contributions that demonstrate your mastery of the readings. If you are not earning full points for discussions, then be sure to review the Instructor comments and the grading rubric.
Remember: a Literature class IS Reading and Discussion…there are no “right” answers to these questions!

GENERAL NOTE: remember…

Discussions are informal, personal responses based on your own reading of a text
Do not “research”websites or repeat the editor’s comments or copy/paste from any outside source: use your own brain
A Literature class IS Reading and Discussion…there are no “right” answers to these questions! 

Discussion #1 Prompts
Discussion Question #1
European Diversity
Generally, each of the European Nations viewed itself as a separate culture and a different race from the other Europeans, so the different nations had different motivations and different goals in the “New World.” In addition, each of the European nations is in competition with the other nations not only in the exploration of the “New World,” but also worldwide. During this period, European nations are frequently at war with each other, and they compete with each other economically too. In addition, the centuries long conflict with Islam, especially in Spain, France, Italy, and the Eastern European nations has influenced European attitudes, especially those of Spain and Portugal (two powerful early exploration empires). 
It is important to remember that the early settlements and later the colonies were controlled and directed by European powers FOR European interests, and that the early decisions on how to run these things were decided by European national policies. These conflicts immediately extended into the “New World.” Thus many of the initial conditions of “American” society were decided by Europeans interest. (Slavery, for instance, is not chosen by the colonists, it is imposed by European owners because it serves their interests.) 
Here are some questions to explore and reply to …

The Introduction in the Norton points out that early writers are writing for three primary purposes: what are these purposes? In what texts can we see clear examples these purposes?
What differences do you see in how different European writers see the new world, the natives, and even other Europeans? What elements of their writings reveal those attitudes?
What do the European have in common? What attitudes, habits or ideas do they share? Where can we see these similarities in the writings?
What was surprising to you in your reading? That is, what texts showed you something unanticipated or new, or different from what you thought you knew? Explain.

Discussion Question #2
Views of Nature
The early Explorers and the later Settlers were in awe of Nature as they encountered it in the “New World.” They saw it as a vast wilderness: challenging and exciting and dangerous, even while they sought to exploit it economically. The Puritans, however, looked at Nature a different way. Their “World View” perceived Nature through the lens of their Christian Faith and their historical experience. Europeans are just exiting the Middle Ages, and as America is discovered the Renaissance is going on in Europe. Western Civilization is beginning to explore and expand. 
The Native world view is different from Western Civilization’s basic outlook. Native Americans did not have a concept like “Nature,” rather, they simply “lived” in the world, and saw themselves as an equal part of the world they lived in. The differences between these two “world views,” the Native and the European, is the root of all the conflict between these two culture even into the modern day.
It is true that European society is focused on “controlling” Nature in some way; and it is true that Natives live more “in the moment” with Nature. But also remember these things: it is the desire/need to control Nature that leads to agriculture, medicine, Science, all technology, hot water, and everything we have today. Native societies were oriented to tradition and tribal custom, and thus did not advance technologically much in comparison to other human groups, so they did not have things like the wheel, roads, a full written language, and so on. 
When talking about the differences between these two groups and how they think and encounter the world, it is common today to condemn Western Culture and idealize Native culture. Students also are tempted to repeat the common generalizations of today as if they are true. Instead of just saying the trite responses of “Europeans are evil / Natives are good” that have become commonplace today, read the texts for yourself, and draw your own conclusions from what you read. 
Here are some question to explore and reply to …

Compare the Creation Stories briefly: what important similarities and differences do you see between the two narratives? What is the importance of a Creation story for a people?
How do Europeans view the world and their place in it, what in this class we call the “world view”?What readings do you think demonstrate this view the best? Why?
What is the importance of the Bible in European’s experience and thinking at this time? Why? How does this text help to shape not only European attitudes, but also European society? How does the European view shape the way they interact with Natives?
How doe Natives view the world and their place in it, their world view?  What readings do you think demonstrate this view the best? 
How does the Native World view influence the way they interact with the Europeans?
Native culture and literature is ORAL; European culture is WRITTEN. How dos this basic difference relate to this question?

Discussion Question #3
Subject, Purpose, and Audience: Read and Think for Yourself
It’s important that students approach the reading in this class with a broad mind, and that we look at each text critically. While it’s important to know a bit about the writer of a text, and to know about the historical period the text was produced in, ultimately, each reader must read the text independently, and each reader must learn to see what is actually in a text for themselves. Readers must learn to REASON from their own reading experience and draw their own conclusions about what those texts “mean.” In the larger construct of college study, deliberate practice in this intense, “close,” critical reading is an important and beneficial outcome for each reader. If we all read and reason well, then we should all come to the same basic set of ideas about a thing: what we call “consensus.” 
So we practice analyzing the text, not the Person who wrote it, and not History.  Practice this focus on this discussion thread! 
As well, in this class, don’t read “about” the text: read the text for yourself. What the Editor says about a text, or what  a website says about a text, is never as true as important as you own deliberate and mature opinion, based upon your own reading experience. Remember, these texts were not written to be explained by College Professors or websites. They were written for people just like you to read and think about and decide upon…for themselves.
For this Discussion: First begin by reviewing the terms in the Glossary and remember what you have learned about this in previous classes. Analyze the Subject, Purpose, and Audience of one of the writings on the Unit I list. Let’s discover these points and dig deeper into each text!

For your first post to this thread, choose a writing from the Unit I reading list. This text must be one that was produced after Columbus’ arrival to the New World (Sorry: Genesis and Sermon on the Mount or City on a Hill are not allowed!).
Then succinctly explain what you think the Subject, Purpose, and Audience of the work is. Refer to some specific evidence to support your analysis. The key is to analyze the text first, and THEN write a summary paragraph of what your analysis reveals.
Be sure to begin with an appropriate signal phrase
For your second post to this thread, visit other student analyses, read them and respond to at least one substantively. You might also read what other have posted to your own reply…and have a conversation

Section 2 
Module 1: Challenge Task #1
Start Assignment

Points 10
Submitting a file upload

From the readings assigned in Module 1, show an example of writing from a European writer’s description of the “new world” that reveals a specific attitude about Nature or the Wilderness.
First, begin with a signal phrase, correctly quote the example and give a correct in-text citation. Then, explain the quote and its context. Then state the attitude you believe this description illustrates. The language you choose should be significant, meaning that it clearly illustrates a particular idea or attitude.
Here is an example of language that shows a European Explorer’s attitude about nature:
In his “Voyages,” Champlain writes that “there were beautiful valleys and fields rich in corn such as I have eaten in that country, along with other products in abundance” (94).
Your response should be about 3-5 sentences.
To earn your points, you must complete all parts of the task in a Word document. Save. Then click “Submit Assignment” and attach. 
NOTE: If you don’t know what a signal phrase is, and how to use one, then you should refer to the index in your MLA Handbook. Also, you can find numerous explanations and examples online! Plus, it’s been highlighted.
You must complete Challenge Task #1 by the end of Module 1.
Challenge Task Rubric
Challenge Task Rubric
This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeBasic Writing
3 to >0.0 pts
0 pts
No Marks
3 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDocumentation
3 to >0.0 pts
0 pts
No Marks
3 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent
4 to >0.0 pts
0 pts
No Marks
4 pts

Total Points: 10
Section 3 
Module 1: Writing Assignment #1
Start Assignment

Points 20
Submitting a file upload

Compare the Subjects, Purposes, and Audiences of TWO works of literature listed on the syllabus in this module. The works you choose must be from different national cultures (you cannot compare two Spanish works, for instance). Your goal is to show the ways in which these two works are similar or different when it comes to the three points of comparison. Support your analysis with brief evidence taken directly from the texts you refer to. Be sure to name the texts and writers you select to analyze: use a signal phrase.
Remember: Subject, Purpose, and Audience are specific terms, and you should use these terms in your analysis (see the Glossary for a brief discussion of the terms).
Organize paragraphs with appropriate topic sentences, unity, and coherence. Support your analysis with brief evidence taken directly from the texts you refer to. Be sure to name the texts and writers you select to analyze: use a signal phrase. 
Special Note: Students may NOT select “Genesis” for this assignment.
Suggested writing plan for this response:

Paragraph #1: Analyze the S/P/A of Text A.
Paragraph #2: Analyze the S/P/A of Text B.
Paragraph #3: Draw conclusion/s by comparing A to B.

ENG 241 Howard University Second Letter to the Spanish Crown by Charles V Discussion

World of Cryptocurrencies and Benefits of Blockchain Discussion.

BlockchainThe underlying technology behind the world of cryptocurrencies is the Blockchain. Compared to the physical cash that we all know, cryptocurrencies and digital money are accompanied by a vast issue known as double-spending. Thus, Blockchain assists people to tackle the problem of double-spending. Looking deeper, Blockchain today is a form of a ledger that is distributed. With the constant ledger updates, alterations, and deletions, the ledger continues to grow (Yaga, Mell, Roby, & Scarfone, 2019). Within these ledgers, some blocks are linked together by cryptography. The data that is contained in later held by the Blockchain, whereby it is shared and continuously updated.Benefits of BlockchainAs a decentralized and distributed ledger does not present on only one site, it is public and can be confirmed.A single entity cannot control it.It checks itself after every ten minutes to update the transactions that have happened in a ten-minute interval, which means self-auditing.Blockchain cannot be tainted because of its distributed characteristics hence needing vast computing power to corrupt it.Whatever happens to the Blockchain, it will happen down the line of the entire network.Because it is decentralized, the elimination of a third party could occur.Blockchain has been utilized in different applications and as well continues developing. For instance, some cloud document storage services currently split up records, share around various hard drives on a chain, and the Blockchain oversees the file. The capability of Blockchain pushing ahead is immense. Applications, for example, that are housing could locate where a potential client could see the information of a house and contact the proprietor whenever intrigued, not requiring agents (Crosby, Pattanayak, Verma, & Kalyanaraman, 2016). The Healthcare services, globalizing records that are public, and the preferences could likewise discover the utilization of the Blockchain. One thing we have to remember is who the miners will be and what will motivate all the miners to perform in the specified application as mining needs processing power. Blockchain technology allows for distributed control over the existing financial system globally and helps with avoiding middlemen. This is considered one of the main reasons why blockchain is gaining so much popularity.————————————————–Requirements:1) Minimum 100 words.2) APA format.3) proper in-text citations with references.4) 0% plagiarism
World of Cryptocurrencies and Benefits of Blockchain Discussion

ISU Fossil Fuels Energy and Diseases Multiple Choice Questions

ISU Fossil Fuels Energy and Diseases Multiple Choice Questions.

I’m working on a environmental science practice test / quiz and need support to help me study.

Question 1 of 343 PointsAll of the following are features of passive solar design except A. adobe walls and flagstone floor used for heat storage. B. large windows on the north side of the house. C. large windows on the south side of the house. D. a roof overhang to block the midday sun in summer.Reset SelectionQuestion 2 of 343 PointsWhat is a hybrid car? A. an SUV that can be converted into a pickup truck. B. a car that runs only on electricity C. a car that has both an electric engine and a gas engine D. a car that is powered by nuclear energy.Reset SelectionQuestion 3 of 343 PointsFossil fuels currently supply about ____ percent of all commercial energy supplies. A. 95 B. 85 C. 55 D. 35Reset SelectionQuestion 4 of 343 PointsImprovements in energy efficiency could be encouraged by all of the following except: A. buying high-efficiency appliances. B. rebates for building energy-efficient buildings. C. buying more SUV motor vehicles. D. tax credits for insulating and putting double pane windows in existing building.Reset SelectionQuestion 5 of 343 PointsWhich of the following statements about wind power is false? A. Wind power is an unlimited source of energy at favorable sites. B. Wind power generation is compatible with agricultural operations. C. Wind power has a moderate to high net useful energy yield. D. Energy from wind power is more costly than nuclear power.Reset SelectionQuestion 6 of 343 PointsThe current plan(s) for disposal of nuclear waste from US power plants is (are) to: A. place it in deep mines in Carlsbad, New Mexico B. place it in deep mines in Yucca Mountain, Nevada C. reprocess spent fuel rods for reuse D. all of the aboveReset SelectionQuestion 7 of 343 PointsWhich of the following statements about passive solar space heating is true? A. It is cheap to install and has little or no maintenance. B. Once constructed, it is an expensive energy source. C. Passive solar designs are not well developed. D. No carbon dioxide is released to the atmosphere.Reset SelectionQuestion 8 of 343 PointsIn the US, the most abundant fossil fuel is (in other words which is the largest supply): A. crude oil. B. natural gas. C. uranium. D. coal.Reset SelectionQuestion 9 of 343 PointsThe source of energy for nuclear power is: A. nuclear fusion. B. breeder reactions. C. nuclear fission. D. nuclear confusion.Reset SelectionQuestion 10 of 343 PointsBlack lung disease results from A. the radioactivity in coal. B. the radioactivity around coal-fired power plants. C. coal dust causing inflammation and fibrosis in lungs. D. There is no such thing as black lung disease.Reset SelectionQuestion 11 of 343 PointsPhotovoltaic cells A. produce more carbon dioxide than burning fossil fuels. B. are a dangerous type of cancer cell C. have high air and water pollution during operation. D. produce electricity at a higher cost than coal or wind, but the cost is dropping.Reset SelectionQuestion 12 of 343 PointsWhich statement regarding the use of dams for hydroelectric power is true? A. Hydroelectric power contributes to global warming. B. Large damns can interfere with migration patterns of fish. C. Construction of large dams can be accomplished in an environmentally friendly manner. D. All of the above are correct.Reset SelectionQuestion 13 of 343 PointsFor much of the past decade, battles have been going on over oil and gas drilling in A. Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. B. Buffalo Commons Wildlife Refuge. C. Yellowstone National Park. D. All of the above are correctReset SelectionQuestion 14 of 343 PointsRenewable energy includes all of the following except: A. the sun. B. the wind. C. natural gas. D. Earth’s internal heat.Reset SelectionQuestion 15 of 343 PointsA notable factor in the Chernobyl disaster was that Soviet authorities A. failed to respond immediately, unnecessarily endangering many lives. B. failed to respond at all. C. immediately notified all citizens and neighboring countries of events at the plant. D. shared the details of the accident so other countries could learn from the errors.Reset SelectionQuestion 16 of 343 PointsElectricity can be produced by which of the following methods? A. steam turbines (boil water using nuclear radiation, coal or oil) B. air or gas turbines C. water turbines D. all of the aboveReset SelectionQuestion 17 of 343 PointsExamples of environmental racism include following except: A. Export of toxic wastes to developing countries B. Construction of hazardous waste incinerators in poor communities in the US. C. Use of Indian lands for hazardous waste sites. D. Transfer technology that improves environmental quality to developing countriesReset SelectionQuestion 18 of 343 PointsKeeping energy prices artificially low: A. encourages waste and rapid depletion of energy resources getting government subsidies. B. has no effect on the amount of air pollution in the U.S. C. will reduce inflation. D. all of these answers.Reset SelectionQuestion 19 of 343 PointsThe primary energy source that is most used in the U.S. for production of electricity is: A. water power. B. nuclear power. C. coal. D. none of the above.Reset SelectionQuestion 20 of 343 PointsThe following example best describes the concept of demand management. A. a system that forces consumers to use alternate energy sources B. a system that gives consumers reduced rates for allowing their power to be turned off during peak hours C. a government sponsored program that demands greater conservation efforts by the electrical power generating companies D. a government sponsored program that requires industries to reduce power consumption during peak hoursReset SelectionQuestion 21 of 343 PointsAs an individual, you may contribute to the goal of sustainability by: A. individual lifestyle change B. political involvement C. membership and participation in environmental organizations(s) D. all of the aboveReset SelectionQuestion 22 of 343 PointsDigesting manure anaerobically (without air) will yield mainly: A. formaldehyde B. methane C. chlorofluorocarbons D. ammoniaReset SelectionQuestion 23 of 343 PointsThe accident at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant involved all of the following except: A. a series of mechanical failures B. a loss of reactor core coolant C. a complete core meltdown D. loss of unknown amounts of radioactive material into the atmosphereReset SelectionQuestion 24 of 343 PointsWhich of the following best describes the precautionary principle? A. Scientists must be able to prove that a substance causes harm before it can be banned. B. Consumers must prove that a substance is harmful before it can be banned. C. Scientists must prove that a substance is safe before it can be marketed. D. Assume a chemical is dangerous until proven safe.Reset SelectionQuestion 25 of 343 PointsTypically, the largest source of human induced exposure to ionizing radiation comes from: A. microwave ovens and television sets. B. the operation of nuclear power plants. C. radioactive wastes. D. dental and medical x-rays.Reset SelectionQuestion 26 of 343 PointsThe world’s worst nuclear power plant disaster to date occurred at: A. Three-Mile Island, PA. B. Grenoble, France. C. Chernobyl, Ukraine. D. Hanford, WA.Reset SelectionQuestion 27 of 343 PointsWhich of the following offers the most potential in terms of reducing our energy problems? A. geothermal power B. wave power C. nuclear power D. energy conservation through efficiencyReset SelectionQuestion 28 of 343 PointsEnergy consumption can be reduced by all of the following except: A. buying a more energy efficient furnace for your home. B. using your car instead of mass transit. C. turning off unused lights. D. purchasing only needed products.Reset SelectionQuestion 29 of 343 PointsCompared to conventional oil deposits, shale oil and tar sands are: A. easier to extract and refine B. lower in net useful energy yield C. less damaging to the environment when mined D. all of the above are correctReset SelectionQuestion 30 of 343 PointsA building is considered green from an environmental standpoint for all the following reasons except: A. It was painted using a volatile organic compounds (VOC) -based green paint. B. It is more energy efficient than conventional homes. C. It minimizes the release of toxic substances D. It is constructed with mostly recyclable materialsReset SelectionQuestion 31 of 343 PointsFossil fuels are best described as a ______ energy source. A. renewable B. nonrenewable C. clean D. efficientReset SelectionQuestion 32 of 343 PointsLife-cycle cost of an appliance means A. the initial cost of purchasing an appliance and final disposal cost of the item. B. the social cost of manufacturing an appliance. C. the initial cost of purchasing an appliance plus the life-time operating costs of an appliance. D. the internal and external cost of manufacturing an appliance.Reset SelectionQuestion 33 of 341 PointsThe most likely disaster in a nuclear power plant is that A. the plant would explode like a nuclear bomb. B. cooling systems could fail, causing rapid overheating. C. fuel rods could fail to maintain chain reactions. D. All of these are equally likely.Reset SelectionQuestion 34 of 343 PointsBusinesses are now willing to become “green” because A. they will get fined for failure to do so. B. doing so is expensive but makes good advertising. C. doing so improves their image and saves money in the end. D. There is no such thing as becoming “green.”Reset Selection
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ISU Fossil Fuels Energy and Diseases Multiple Choice Questions

The Debate on Austerity

custom essay The adoption of austerity post the financial crisis in 2010 by the UK government is heavily debated. This essay evaluates the arguments for and against this fiscal contraction deliberating on the applied and possible fiscal policy measures and the limitations of monetary policy after the fiscal stimulus provided in 2008. When the housing bubble burst and Lehman Brothers collapsed in 2008, the subprime mortgage crisis magnified into a global financial crisis. Governments had to rush in and save banks. If not, the fall of public confidence in the banking system would have made the problem far more severe. Large fiscal stimulus packages were rolled out to cushion the blow. But for how long would a government be willing to take further debt for expansionary fiscal policy? They could have continued to increase public expenditure to compensate for the fall in private expenditure in accordance with the Keynesian theory. Or increase savings, let the wage rate drop and have the demand rise due to a price advantage in the long run (Hayek, 2006). By 2010, United Kingdom’s national debt reached 75.6% of its GDP (Eurostat). Had bond yields increased due to falling market confidence, the fiscal situation would have been worse off. It would imply that the risk associated with government bonds is higher and have negative implications about the government’s credibility, all raising the cost of public debt in the future. Thus, in the 2010 elections, the campaigns of both the Conservative and Labour parties suggested reducing the fiscal deficit. No one spoke in favour of further stimulus and austerity was adopted. The UK government feared a Greek-style meltdown. A country having borrowings in its own currency and a friendly central bank may not have to fear public debt as much. It could always keep a control on interest rates or postpone repayment by issuing new bonds. However, then governor of the Bank of England, Mervyn King, appeared to favour austerity. It remains uncertain if he would have sanctioned further quantitative easing. Typically, central banks reduce interest rates to stimulate the economy in such conditions. Lower interest rates promote consumption which would have decreased due to lower fiscal expenditure. The drop in interest rates from 5.5% in 2008 to 0.5% generated £350 billion to inject into the economy (Giles, 2018). But with interest rates at an all-time low of 0.5% since 2009, there wasn’t much that could be done on the monetary policy front (Bank of England). The drop in interest rates from 5.5% in 2008 to 0.5% generated £350 billion to inject into the economy. the Value Added Tax (VAT) was raised to 20% and public expenditure was cut to bring down the deficit (Finch, 2010:1). The combination of additional revenue and a lower deficit would cut down the need for further debt and help service the existing. Austere spending decisions lowered the welfare expenditure. The employment level decreased because of lower government expenditure. As a result, demand plunged and so did the gross domestic product. High uncertainty had lowered the public confidence. The GDP growth rate was insufficient to counter the shrinking in the economy caused by austerity. International Monetary Fund (2012) warned that the country might face permanent damage to its productive capacity if the same policies were continued. The government’s tax revenues took a hit owing to lower output. This resulted in a higher debt to GDP ratio as the budgetary deficit grew. As real wages of public sector workers and local council budgets fell, homelessness and reliance on food banks rose. Social care for the elderly was negatively impacted and help from Red Cross was called in to shoulder the increased pressure on the NHS (Gillett, 2017). Mark Blyth (2013) noted that there was disparity in the impact of austerity across different levels of society. He pointed out that the consequences were felt more severely by the larger share of public service users who didn’t have enough wealth to counter the cut in welfare spending. In theory, falling deficit would result in lower taxes in the future. This should increase consumer confidence in the economy. However, critiques of austerity blame the government for the plummeting consumption levels. They believe the government should have continued with quantitative easing when the private spending shrank. Wage rates fall with falling public expenditure. This gives the economy a cost advantage as compared to its competitors in the global markets. To benefit from this, it is necessary that foreign demand for the domestically produces goods increases. But many Eurozone were implementing austerity themselves and thus, there was no substantial increase in foreign demand for British goods. Moreover, countries like China had induced a fiscal stimulus in their economies despite not having been impacted as greatly by the crisis. Hence, there was already enough supply in the market for any country to benefit from rising demand. There was perhaps not once cause to the declining consumer spending in the UK. While UK’s own fiscal policy changed in 2010, the economic environment globally was also impacted by several countries introducing policy changes. The commodity prices changed and the Federal Reserve was keeping global rates low, all of which had some impact on the UK economy (Buttonwood, 2015). In spite of the falling consumption, there was a need to reduce government expenditure to reduce the deficit. Further fiscal stimulus, after what was introduced during the financial crisis, would have led to a sharp increase in government debt. Such a high debt level would make fiscal policy unsustainable and repayment challenging (Emmerson, Keynes and Tetlow, 2013). In terms of real total spending, the cut wasn’t as much from 2010 to 2015. Britain’s general total disbursements as a percentage of national income were the third highest amongst the G6 nations between 2007 to 2009 and remained so in 2013 (OECD, 2014). Annualised average real increase in spending on social security and health rose and real spending on working age and pensioner benefits grew between 2010 and 2013 (Keynes and Tetlow, 2014: 16-17). The economy’s recovery in 2013-2014 sparked another debate. Had austerity worked or was it the result of policy alteration in 2012? Klein (2015) asserted the growth was a result of a reversal from austerity. Smith (2015) refuted, stating that the government was still austere in spending decisions with the fiscal tightening being larger than 3% of GDP. Krugman (2015), however, maintained that abandoning further fiscal cuts after two years of austerity led to the economic growth. Whether the economy would have been in a better position without austerity will remain unknown. What can be concluded though is that austerity was not an economic necessity then. But with UK’s ageing population, welfare expenditure will only increase in the future. Such a welfare cap will become necessary for better policy decisions as the pressure on NHS and public services escalates. Continued quantitative easing in 2010 would have made public finances more unsustainable and fiscal austerity in future more drastic. Spending cuts or higher taxes, no matter when, will always be met with heavy criticism. Hence, a developed country with ageing population could aim at increasing sources of income, reducing income inequalities and reducing the dependence on welfare expenditure. Bibliography Bank of England [online] Available from: (Accessed 24 April 2018) Blyth, M. The Austerity Delusion. Foreign Affairs [online] Available from: (Accessed 15 April 2018) Buttonwood (2015) What is austerity?. The Economist [online] Available from: (Accessed 15 April 2018) Emmerson, C.

​Why do minimum wage employers ask where do you see yourself in 5 years? Or do y

​Why do minimum wage employers ask where do you see yourself in 5 years? Or do y.

Why do minimum wage employers ask where do you
see yourself in 5 years? Or do you want to grow with this company?    
​Why do minimum wage employers ask where do you see yourself in 5 years? Or do y

Fulton County’s Health Department Essay

Table of Contents Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan Adequacy of the Resources Listed on the Organization’s Website My Role as a Public Health Practitioner Works Cited Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan Fulton County’s Health Department provides appropriate information and public health support to its people. The department has a powerful emergency preparedness and response plan. Disasters can have negative implications on the lives of many people. The county has an appropriate coordination plan to respond to disasters and collaborate with other county departments (“Emergency Preparedness” par. 4). The county has many Emergency Officials (EOs) whose role is to coordinate operations and rescue every affected person. The response plan seeks to address different disasters and save lives. The county’s website offers appropriate strategies and resources that can be used by different people. The department encourages its people to have access to information. The citizens should also “remain calm whenever there is a terrorist attack” (“Emergency Preparedness” par. 4). Every EO coordinates “rescue plans and provides vital instructions” (Hunter 37). Such practices are essential towards dealing with different disasters. Adequacy of the Resources Listed on the Organization’s Website The above response plan makes it easier for the county to address the needs of more people. The response plan seeks to provide aid, minimize risks, and rescue more citizens. However, the resources listed on the department’s webpage are inadequate. This is the case because new visitors cannot understand the resources, strategies, and steps embraced by the health department. There are several gaps in the provided resources. For instance, the website fails to provide adequate articles that can help more individuals prepare themselves against different disasters (Hunter 43). The website identifies the duties of the Emergency Preparedness Office. However, it does not provide adequate addresses and emergency lines. The information on the website is also inadequate. The above gaps can make it impossible for more people to get the best assistance whenever there is a disaster. New resources can therefore be added in order to improve the effectiveness of the county’s disaster response plan. To begin with, new information can be added in order to inform people about the best efforts to undertake whenever there is a disaster (Elaine, Padjen, and Birnbaum 392). More addresses should also be added. Such contacts will improve the level of communication (“Emergency Preparedness” par. 2). Safety manuals and guidelines should also be provided on the website. The website should also “feature past emergencies and disasters that have been faced in the county” (Landesman 49). The website should also include various successful responses that have been used to deal with different disasters. These new resources will improve the level of coordination and eventually empower more civilians. My Role as a Public Health Practitioner Public health professionals should possess specific competencies in order to deal with different disasters. As a member of the team, I would use my skills to complete various roles. The most important role is “to facilitate collaboration between external and internal emergency response partners” (Clements 62). Disaster response is a complex process that brings together different players and partners. This role will ensure both external and internal partners collaborate in order to deliver the best results. The level of communication will also improve. Failure to fulfill this role can result in numerous problems. For instance, the partners might be unable to work with one another thus making every rescue effort unsuccessful. The “level of communication can be strained thus making it impossible for the health department to realize its potentials” (Walsh et al. 76). This malpractice can affect the success of every response strategy. This role will therefore make it easier for the team to achieve its goals. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Works Cited Clements, Bruce. Disasters and Public Health: Planning and Response, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2009. Print. Elaine, Daily, Patricia Padjen and Marvin Birnbaum. “A review of competencies developed for disaster healthcare providers: Limitations of current processes and applicability.” Pre-hospital Disaster Medicine 25.5 (2001): 387-395. Print. Emergency Preparedness 2015. Web. Hunter, Nan. The Law of Emergencies: Public Health and Disaster Management, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2009. Print. Landesman, Linda. Public Health Management of Disasters, New York: APHA Bookstore, 2013. Print. Walsh, Lauren, Brian Altman, Richard King and Kandra Strauss-Riggs. “Enhancing the Translation of Disaster Health Competencies in to Practice.” Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness 8.1 (2014): 70-78. Print.

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