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Jones (2010) Sexual Risk Taking of Teenagers: Critique

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp The United States continues to have among the highest teen pregnancy rates of the modern nations (Hamilton et al, 2009). Certain sexual risk-taking behaviours increase an adolescent’s chances of becoming pregnant or contracting a sexually transmitted infection. Although efforts have been made to avoid teenage sexual risk-taking through sex education, this continues to baffle researchers, healthcare providers, teachers and parents. The understanding of these behaviours can improve education and help produce and implement better prevention programmes. Tammy King Jones (20I0) conducted interviews of 15 pregnant teenagers and wrote the article “It drives us to do it” based on these teenagers interviews. The purpose of the study was to explore and give a say to pregnant teenagers’ experiences, the realities related to school-based sex education and their understanding of its effectiveness. This essay is a critique of Jones (2010) research study on the sexual risk-taking behaviours of American teenagers and the effects on their health and future, using a qualitative approach. Ryan et al (2007) states that critiquing is a methodical approach to evaluating the strong points and limitations of a research report so as to know its validity while also determining if it would be able to be put into practice. According to Polit et al. (2006) critiquing a research report allows feedback for improvement as well as contributes to knowledge of nursing. Ryan et al (2007) reports that a qualitative research critique focuses on believing the study and the issues influencing the strength of the study. This critique would thus attempt to do this by using a feministic qualitative design method. The title of the paper is concise, yet capture the essence of the paper, thus easily providing readers with an idea of what the paper is about which goes in hand with Dawson (2002) who suggests that one of the keys of a well written paper is a title that somehow captures the essence of the write up without being overly lengthy. The abstract is well structured, easily read, not too long yet explanatory. It provides a to the point impression of the write-up from its aims to its conclusion without going beyond the recommended 250 words (Holloway
4-5 Pg Introduction to the Organization and the Problem. I’m studying for my Business class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Week 1 – Assignment
Introduction to the Organization and the Problem
[CLOs: 1, 2]
Week One’s assignment will be part of the final assignment for the course. For this assignment, You will use Apple Inc as your organization and take on the role of an internal consultant that has been hired to analyze a problem.
Your assignment must include the following:

Provide a brief description of the organization and its Human Resource Management strategy.
Identify a problem within the organization that relates to one of the following areas below. The problem may be real or hypothetical.

Functional design
Succession planning
Employee development
Job design

Create an organizational chart that identifies the different positions related to, or affected by, the identified problem. Briefly describe the positions you have identified and analyze how these positions may require a change initiative.

The Introduction to the Organization and the Problem paper

Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate title page with the following:

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must use at least one scholarly and two credible contemporary sources, in addition to the course text.

The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment.

Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style

4-5 Pg Introduction to the Organization and the Problem

England was the birthplace for Anne Hutchinson. She was born in 1591. In 1634, she opted to relocate to Massachusetts Bay Colony after following John Cotton, who was the Puritan leader. She was very instrumental in the life and times of Cotton and his brother when they were serving as Christian ministers. Hutchinson was indeed a radical character who was known everywhere. It can be recalled that the Church of Boston excommunicated her due to her radical position. Worse still, the General Court of Massachusetts banished her on charges heresy. She died a few years later in New York following an Indian raid (Smith 68). Hutchinson was a key personality in the controversy that surrounded the antinomy. The latter took place at the Bay Colony of Massachusetts. She managed to preserve her voice in female activism. She was one of the highest flanked females who rose beyond limitations posed by male dominance to fight for a unique purpose. Hutchinson’s participation in religious matters was so public that she gained a lot of fame and of hatred in equal measure. It is also vital to mention that before religious activism was fuelled by Hutchinson in England, women served mostly in subordinate positions. However, the situation changed gradually as the female lay Christian ministers obtained a broad leadership scope especially after the Puritan movement gained momentum. There were no published works, journals or correspondence lefty by Hutchinson. This was typical of several contemporary female activists. The only records left were the antinomian controversy documents. The latter contained her trial details when she was convicted by the General Court. Historians have indeed utilized these documents after closely reading them. It is crucial to mention that the colonial crisis was marked with myriads of issues related to gender, theology, and politics. Feminism played a major role in shaping and remodeling the interests of women on religious matters (Winship 53). The feminist command of Hutchinson was contributed by a number of factors. To begin with, she was born in a family that was already rooted in deep and widespread Christian service. Her father (Francis Marbury) was a dissenting Anglican clergyman who was known throughout England. In her early life, she developed a lot of passion and interest in leadership skills while still living with her parents. Anne also acquired adequate education in theology. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In 1605, the entire family relocated to London. After she was married to Hutchinson, they traveled widely and eventually came across John Cotton. They were indeed fascinated by his charismatic teachings. This explains why Anne finally worked closely with Cotton in supporting his teachings and perspectives. Besides, Anne decided to be the mouthpiece for women ministers who had been culturally sidelined by the dominant males. It is perhaps prudent to briefly explore the historical impacts of female activism (feminism) that was brought about by Anne Hutchinson. First, her prosecution resulted from the fact that she overstepped the female boundaries set by culture during her preaching. Her antagonists thought that she was acting against the expectations of gender roles. She could be categorized as a victim of contemporary wore. As a matter of fact, the Puritan society was mainly male-dominated. Therefore, it expected the female gender to act within certain confines. She freely spoke her mind during all the deliberations. Even though the church and state had a close relationship, it was later interrupted by the feminism spirit agitated by Hutchinson. She can be credited for the additional leadership space being enjoyed by women ministers in the church today (Dailey par. 4) Works Cited Dailey, Barbara Ritter. Anne Hutchinson. 2009. Web. 14 Oct. 2014. Smith, Cheryl. “Out of Her Place: Anne Hutchinson and the Dislocation of Power in New World Politics.” The Journal of American Culture, 29 (2006): 437–453. Print. Winship, Michael Paul. The Times and Trials of Anne Hutchinson: Puritans Divided. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas, 2005. Print. We will write a custom Essay on Anne Hutchinson’s Biography specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Social Media and Adolescent Mental Health. Proposed research topic: Social media and adolescent mental health Three academic search engines were used for this literature review – Ebscohost, BASE Digital Collections and Google Scholar – and the keywords employed were social media, mental health, adolescents and Internet. The immediate inspiration for choosing this topic came from reading a key published research study – Social media’s enduring effect on adolescent life satisfaction – by Orben, Dienlin and Pryzbylski (2019). It was published online by PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) in the United States in May this year. As its abstract states, the paper found that social media use is not… a strong predictor of life satisfaction across the adolescent population. With this perhaps widely unexpected conclusion, at least in the popular sense, this large-scale Oxford study of over 12,000 young people understandably encouraged a closer look at the topic, not least with a view to trying to disentangle cause and effect in social-media phenomena. On 22 November 2018, the Guardian newspaper had referred to social media as “widely blamed” when discussing recently released NHS figures, based on a sample of more than 9,000, that showed that one in eight people under the age of nineteen had some disorder or other. Emphasis has been added in line with the theme of this assignment. Those young people aged between 11 and 16 with a disorder were much more likely… to have taken illicit drugs, drunk alcohol or tried a cigarette. Among these… the use of social media, widely blamed for causing much of the epidemic of mental illness in young people, was an important possible explanation too. While, for example, 29.4% of those aged 11 to 19 with a disorder spent more than four hours a day on social media, just 12% of those displaying no symptoms did the same thing. Those who have a disorder were much more likely to compare themselves with others on social media and to say that “likes, comments and shares impact my mood”. The secondary inspiration came from having read in the past of times and places where external social factors influenced widespread mental health effects. Hence the development of an interest in this area. Some more background elaboration is therefore required before moving on to the literature review necessary to any such research, not least because of the advent of YouTube stars and social media influencers. As culture is usefully defined by the field of anthropology as a shared, learnt way of life, so ‘celebrity culture’ is commonly and reasonably equated with a popular obsession with the lives and lifestyles of the rich and famous. Both mainstream media and social media offer overwhelming evidence that there is a huge market for this subject matter but where does this obsession come from? The artist Andy Warhol predicted in the 1960s that eventually everyone would have fifteen minutes of fame. Long before that, the Duchess of Windsor famously claimed one could never be too rich or too thin. Why do such widespread social values appeal to people? An economy like ours, based on mass production of goods and services, requires mass consumption of the same goods and services to keep itself going. That requires a rapid turnover of fads and fashions to maintain popular interest in buying such products but what lies behind our willingness to consume the products associated with fads and fashions? The invisible religion In 1967, Thomas Luckmann wrote in the book of the same name that contemporary individualism contains elements that form an invisible religion, in the sense that the faith is not in an afterlife but in the individual life’s potential. He associated the modern western emphasis on self-fulfilment with social mobility, sexual liberation and the nuclear family. If a person’s objective marginality in society is evident from external social controls – just think of all the hanging offences set out in early nineteenth-century law, when a poor person could be put to death for lots of different crimes – then subjective marginality is easier to observe if society becomes more free and open. This is because satisfactory personal achievement is not then guaranteed, despite the common message from ads, articles, TV shows and websites that buying the right products will make us, as individuals, successful, glamorous and popular. Here we must repeat that the nature of mental illness is at times surely influenced by its social setting. For example, though the term is no longer used by the medical profession, hysteria was a blanket termfor conditions such as invalidity without a physical cause. The latter phenomenon is now very rare but it has been convincingly linked to women’s restricted lives in the nineteenth century (see Sulloway 1980: 59). Furthermore, in the twentieth century, in concentration camps, mental illnesses were cured or their symptoms vanished because people did not have the time or space to be ill in such terrible circumstances. The Auschwitz survivor Primo Levi makes this point abundantly clear in his memoir, The Drowned and the Saved. Gastric ulcers and mental illnesses were healed (or became asymptomatic) but everyone suffered from an unceasing discomfort that polluted sleep and was nameless. (Levi 1988: 65) In this light, it can be persuasively argued that eating disorders have increased in frequency in the western world at least in part as compensatory mechanisms. That is to say, their pathological health effects may be perceived by the sufferers to be better than the great dread, which is ‘obesity’ or, more accurately, social undesirability. The same can be said about the rise of cosmetic surgery. In other words, western societies have fostered unrealistic expectations when it comes to personal achievement emotional gratification (i.e. happiness). In other words, consumers are encouraged to react in an irrational way to the bombardment of ideal images (e.g. of celebrities on holidays or at premieres, or of models in air-brushed magazine and online photos and videos) that are widely and naively believed to be realistic. The other side of this coin is a massive increase in obesity and sedentary living, especially but not exclusively in the lower socio-economic groups and in English-speaking countries, including Ireland. In December 2010 many newspapers reported the findings of the Association of Public Health Observatories that the English West Midlands, including the large city of Birmingham, was the fattest region in the EU (with 29% of the adult population obese), closely followed by the English North East (28%). In the UK, the prosperous English South East performed best (18%) but this was still a couple of points worse than the worst performing region in Sweden (Daily Mail 15/12/10). The European average was 14%. As for the United States, the situation is unsurprisingly even worse. The National Centre for Health Statistics (Hales et al 2017) found that 39.8% of American adults were obese. The same pathology thus takes two forms – the ‘body beautiful’ or the body comforted (by eating, which ends up being just another drug). This pathology can be viewed, in a sociological sense, as a consequence of a sanitized society where facts of our human existence such as filth, pain and death are segregated from everyday life by modern plumbing, hospitals and morgues. Just because the average person doesn’t come into regular contact with them, however, does not mean they are no longer real. Given such prior study and evaluation, it was thus very interesting to read the recent paper by Orben, Dienlin and Pryzbylski that suggested that the effects of social media use on teenage life satisfaction were limited and probably tiny, after a study involving 12,000 UK adolescents. Family, friends and school life all had a greater impact on well-being, claimed the University of Oxford research team. They nonetheless urged social media corporations to release more of their data on usage in order to understand more about the impact of technology on young people’s lives. This study attempted to answer the question of whether teenagers who use social media more than average have lower life satisfaction or, in contrast, if adolescents with lower life satisfaction consequently use more social media. Past research on the relationship between screens, technology and children’s mental health had often been contradictory, based on limited evidence, the authors claimed. Their study concluded that most links between life satisfaction and social media use were trivial, accounting for less than 1% of a teenager’s wellbeing. The study, which took place between 2009 and 2017, asked thousands of young people aged 10-15 to say how long they spent using social media on a normal school day and also to rate how satisfied they were with different aspects of their lives. They found more effects of time spent on social media in girls but these were miniscule and no larger than other effects found in boys. The researchers dismissed the notion that time spent on social media was itself an issue, though, as one may legitimately observe, not least on the back of huge anecdotal evidence, that the problem of screen time’s interference with important activities like sleep, exercise and time with family and friends cannot be ignored. In addition the researchers merely stated it was now important to identify young people at greater risk from certain effects of social media and to find out other factors that were affecting their well-being. As for the rest of the relevant literature on this topic it did not seem to make much sense to go back further than ten years. The obvious reason is the comparative absence of social media before then. The other is that the Internet was too young in general to identify long-term trends in usage. Valkenburg and Peter (2009) observed that adolescents were currently the defining users of the Internet. They spent more time online than adults did and they used the Internet for social interaction more often. These authors pointed out that whereas several studies in the 1990s had suggested that Internet use was detrimental, more recent studies had tended to report opposite effects. Valkenburg and Peter offered an Internet-enhanced self-disclosure hypothesis as an explanation for the more positive trends, whereby increased opportunity through technology to share one’s thoughts, feelings and experiences (at least virtually) with others acted to reduce loneliness and alienation. As part of an EU-funded SEYLE project, Durkee et al (2012) investigated the prevalence of pathological and maladaptive internet use among adolescents in eleven European countries (Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Romania, Slovenia and Spain) in relation to demographic, social factors and Internet accessibility. A total of 11,956 adolescents were recruited from randomly-selected schools for the survey. The highest‐ranked online activities were watching videos, frequenting chat rooms and social networking. Significantly higher rates of playing single‐user games were found in males while social networking stood out among females. Students not living with a biological parent, with low parental involvement and/or parental unemployment showed the highest relative risks of both pathological and maladaptive use. Overall the survey yielded a prevalence of ‘pathological internet use’ of 4.4% among adolescents but that varied by country and sex. Adolescents lacking emotional and psychological support were found to be at the highest risk. Mills (2014) found that, despite popular claims for the effects of Internet use on the adolescent brain, for example as is commonly seen in the mainstream or traditional media, experimental evidence for this remained scarce. Mills advocated the need for studies to investigate brain measures and their relationship to behaviour, cognition and well-being in a representative sample of the population. These studies should differentiate between different Internet activities. She also pointed out that even if Internet use was impacting the developing brain during adolescence, we should not forget that the brains of adults also remain capable of functional change. In a BMJ editorial (2015), Bell, Bishop and Przybylski attacked non-peer-reviewed claims by Susan Greenfield, a senior research fellow at Lincoln College, Oxford, that that Internet use and computer games could have harmful effects on the brain, its emotions and consequent behaviour. These claims had again largely been aired in the mainstream media. With regard to social interaction and empathy, adolescents’ use of social networking sites has been found to enhance existing friendships and the quality of relationships, although some individuals benefit more than others. The general finding is that those who use social networks to avoid social difficulties have reduced well-being, while use of social networks to deal with social challenges improves outcomes. The authors further criticised Greenfield for speculating that online interaction might be a “trigger” for autism. This claim has no basis in scientific evidence and is entirely implausible in light of what we know of autism as a neuro-developmental condition that can be first diagnosed in the pre-school years. The authors did concede at the same time that valid concerns continued to exist about digital technology. Rather than technology affecting children’s capacities, the displacement of other activities seems to be an important source of negative effects. Low levels of physical activity associated with the passive use of digital technology have been linked to obesity and diabetes.For video games, the displacement of academic activities, rather than altered cognitive function, has been found to account for reduced school performance. Online safety was another important concern they addressed as needing to be understood in its widest sense i.e. the risks of bullying, grooming, sharing of sexual pictures, defamation, fraud and the impact of distressing material. Consequently, they concluded, safety needed to be tackled at individual, community, industry and policy levels. With regard to the context of sampling in this field, Scharkow (2016) observes that the vast majority of empirical research on online communication relies on self-reporting measures instead of behavioural data. He claims previous research has shown that the accuracy of these self-report measures can be quite low and both over- and under-reporting of use are commonplace. His study compares self-reports of Internet use with client log files from a large household sample. His results show that the accuracy of self-reported frequency and duration of Internet use is quite low and that survey data are only moderately correlated with log file data. Moreover, there are systematic patterns of misreporting, especially over-reporting, rather than random deviations from the log files. Nonetheless it is very important to note that Scharkow does still find that self-reports for specific content such as social network sites or video platforms seem to be more accurate and less consistently biased than self-reports of generic frequency or duration of Internet use. To conclude this review, an August 2019 article by Viner et al in the British medical journal The Lancet addressed what it called a growing concern about the potential associations between social media use and mental health and well-being in young people. Their study explored associations between the frequency of social media use and later mental health and well-being in adolescents. It carried out secondary analyses of publicly available data from the Our Futures study, a nationally representative, longitudinal research project involving 12, 866 young English people aged 13-16. Broadly in line with the findings of studies we have already examined, it cautiously concluded that mental health “harms” related to very frequent social media use in girls might be due to a combination of exposure to cyber-bullying or displacement of sleep or physical activity, whereas other mechanisms appeared to be operative in boys. Interventions to promote mental health, they advised, should include efforts to prevent or increase resilience to cyber-bullying (ultimately, a social-media policing issue) and to ensure adequate sleep and physical activity in young people. As we have already seen, the researchers of our key study dismissed the notion that time spent on social media was itself an issue, though, as others have also observed, the issue of screen time’s interference with important activities like sleep, exercise and time with family and friends cannot be dismissed. Most researchers now seem to agree it is now important to identify young people at greater risk from certain effects of social media and to find out other factors that are simultaneously affecting their well-being. Bibliography Amy Orben, A. Dienlin, T.Social Media and Adolescent Mental Health

Inconsistency of the Compatibilist Essay

Table of Contents Compatibilists’ Views and Determinism The Moral Paradox Compatibilists’ Views The Case with the Thief and the Kleptomaniac Moral Good and Bad Luck Conclusion Works Cited Compatibilists’ Views and Determinism Issues concerning the free will have been discussed for centuries but thinkers have not managed to resolve them yet. Determinists claim people have no free will as there are loads of factors that affect their decisions. At the same time, compatibilists stress that the free will exists as in the majority of cases people have a variety of options and they are often free to choose any way. Thomas Nagel tends to accept the view of determinism as he believes that people often find themselves in circumstances that determine their actions. Nagel also considers a moral paradox which, according to the thinker, cannot be resolved by the compatibilist. The Moral Paradox In the first place, it is necessary to focus on the moral paradox revealed by Nagel. The thinker notes that people are usually judged by what they did or did not do. However, they are not judged by what they could have done in a different situation under some other circumstances (Nagel 34). The philosopher stresses that people focus on actual actions rather than options available for the agent. Thomas Nagel states that a person is morally responsible for what he/she does but what he/she does “results from a great deal” he/she does not do. The philosopher brings to the fore the paradox, “he [a person] is not morally responsible for what he is and is not responsible for” (Nagel 34). In other words, the philosopher claims that there are circumstances which deprive people of any choice. The thinker argues that people cannot be morally responsible for all of their actions. Compatibilists’ Views According to the compatibilist, people have their free will in the majority of cases and they are morally responsible for their actions (again, in the majority of cases). For instance, there are several ways to act under any circumstances. Nielsen notes that determinism is still compatible with the free will. However, the philosopher stresses that it is important to differentiate between constraints and causes. The philosopher provides an example of his walk in a park when he is watching a bird (Nielsen 44). He notes that he is not made to look at the bird, but there are causes that lead to his actions. Thus, a man notices an object and decides whether he wants or does not want to pay attention to this object. No one makes the man look at the object and, even if the man is forced to notice the bird (there was some sound or the bird flew in front of the man), it is his decision whether to keep looking at the bird. Nonetheless, this simple example is one of the instances proving that the compatibilist cannot explain Nagel’s paradox. Admittedly, it is possible to assume that the man in the park is free to look at the bird or ignore it. However, the man is inclined to look at the bird due to peculiarities of his character. Therefore, there can be no free will as the man’s education of preferences force him to get interested in the bird. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The Case with the Thief and the Kleptomaniac It is possible to consider another example in terms of Nagel’s paradox. Nielsen notes that the difference between a kleptomaniac and a thief lies in the level of freedom (Nielsen 44). In other words, the philosopher claims that the two are both free, but the latter is freer than the former. Again, Nagel paradox proves that the two are not free as their actions are determined by a number of factors. Thus, the actions of kleptomaniac are determined by certain psychological peculiarities. Nielsen rightfully notes that the kleptomaniac may consider whether to take or not to take a thing (Nielsen 44). However, eventually, he/she will take the thing irrespective of his decision. Logically, there can be no free will if a man acts irrespective of his will and his decisions. Therefore, the kleptomaniac cannot be responsible for what he is, but he is still responsible for his actions. As for the thief, his/her actions are still determined. Nielsen argues that the thief can decide whether to take or not to take a thing. However, Nagel would claim that the reasoning of the thief is determined by certain circumstances. For instance, the thief may need money badly and this will force him/her to steal. At the same time, he/she may not need money and he/she may find the thing invaluable or he/she may fail to find a valuable thing. All these factors will force the thief to hold on and not to steal anything at that moment. Besides, peculiarities of the thief’s character will also influence his/her actions. If the thief is risky or desperate, he/she will steal. Thus, the thief is totally responsible for his actions, though he cannot be responsible for what he is. Moral Good and Bad Luck Nagel provides a consistent explanation of his views when he considers such notions as moral good and bad luck. The notions can be regarded as the strongest points in favor of Nagel’s determinism. As has been mentioned above, the philosopher claims that people judge others by actions. However, the circumstances under which the actions were undertaken are often ignored. Nagel considers the example of Nazi Germany. The thinker argues that people tend to judge German people for their actions or rather inaction during the Nazi regime. However, people do not try to put themselves into German people’s shoes. It is impossible to predict the way other nations would behave under the same circumstances. Nagel introduces the notion of moral bad luck and good luck. Thus, German people had moral bad luck as they found themselves in that situation, while other nations had moral good luck as they did not have the same circumstances. According to Nagel, people cannot be morally responsible for actions undertaken in situations people are not responsible for. In other words, the philosopher argues that people are often forced to act in specific ways and there are chances that any person would behave similarly under the same circumstances. We will write a custom Essay on Inconsistency of the Compatibilist specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion On balance, it is possible to state that Nagel thinks that the compatibilist cannot explain the paradox as the notion of the free will is incompatible with determinism. Nagel stresses that people cannot be totally responsible for actions as they are forced to act in certain ways in certain circumstances. Admittedly, all people’s actions are determined by a number of factors. These can be absolutely different factors: features of character, cultural background, the position in the society, etc. Compatibilists’ have rather weak arguments as they state that there is certain degree of free will in any situation. However, the history provides a variety of examples that justify Nagel’s viewpoint. Works Cited Nagel, Thomas. Mortal Questions: Canto. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Print. Nielsen, Kai. “The Compatibility of Freedom and Determinism.” Free Will. Ed. Robert Kane. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2003. 39-47. Print.

ENG122 English Composition

help writing ENG122 English Composition. I need an explanation for this English question to help me study.

Post Your Introduction and Brainstorming Session

Review the discussion grading criteria and read Knickerbocker’s short essay, Building a Community Through Writing.
After reading Knickerbocker’s essay once or twice (or three times!), reflect upon its message. Think about your own community, whether that is the place where you live, your social environment, a collection of people with shared interests, or something else.
Share your response to Knickerbocker’s essay. Then, introduce us to your unique community by describing the landscapes, whether they are physical, emotional, or social. What is your place in this community? What are the challenges and rewards of being a part of your community? You are invited to share relevant audio, video, or images in your introduction.

Remember to cite the source in APA style. (See Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.).) For example: Knickerbocker (2004) had come from the Hudson Valley area of New York but had trouble writing about West Texas, which he called a “suburban landscape of dead lawns and vacant storefronts” (para. 2). In his essay, Knickerbocker (2004) described the way he perceived writing as community-building.End your post with a proper reference citation in APA style, too. (See Formatting Your Reference List (Links to an external site.)):Knickerbocker, C. (2004). Building a community through writing. The Writer, 117(10), 24. Retrieved from Double-spacing and hanging indent are not required in discussions due to formatting limitations in the discussion forum.

ENG122 English Composition

Post Surgery Care for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp CLINICAL SCENARIO: PERSON CENTRED CARE Introduction Patients who are undergoing operative procedures are required the delivery of ongoing care to optimize their recovery and prevent complications. This delivery of care will enable early identification of circumstances surrounding surgery that may put patients at risk of harm (Williams

future of nursing

future of nursing. Help me study for my Nursing class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

Review the Institute of Medicine’s 2010 report “The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health.” Write a 750-1,000 word paper discussing the influence of the IOM report on nursing practice. Include the following:

Summarize the four messages outlined in the IOM report and explain why these are significant to nursing practice.
Discuss the direct influence the IOM report has on nursing education and nursing leadership. Describe the benefits and opportunities for BSN-prepared nurses.
Explain why it is important that a nurse’s role and education evolve to meet the needs of an aging and increasingly diverse population.
Discuss the significance of professional development, or lifelong learning, and its relevance in caring for diverse populations across the life span and within the health-illness continuum.
Discuss how nurses can assist in effectively managing patient care within an evolving health care system.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

future of nursing

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