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Jerome Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye Essay

Jerome Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye Essay. Introduction This year, the world celebrated the 100th birth of the famous American writer, Jerome Salinger. The anniversary has given rise to the new debate around his work. However, it seems that people have been reading and discussing Salinger’s most prominent book, The Catcher in the Rye, since its first publication in 1951. The book has been especially popular among adolescents as it has managed to depict “the experience of millions of teenagers” (Priest 210). Although young people are encouraged to read this book and interpret it in their own way, it is still crucial that they do not misunderstand it. Thus, this paper, starting with the outline of characters and plot, discusses potential interpretations of The Catcher in the Rye and proposes the opinion of the paper’s author. The Plot of the Book The novel begins with 16-year-old Holden Caulfield recalling how he spent two days in New York before last Christmas. He is dismissed from the school again and after having a conflict with his roommate, decides to leave his sanatorium and go to New York. However, he cannot simply return home because parents believe that Holden is still in his school. This makes him stay at some hotel, but soon, he starts feeling very lonely. He visits nightclubs and calls a prostitute to his room, but it only makes him worse. The next day, he meets his ex-girlfriend and classmate, but they cannot handle Holden’s behavior. After getting drunk, he comes to his family’s house to see his younger sister. During their conversation, he claims that he wants to be “the catcher in the rye,” which prevents small children from falling from the cliff. Holden leaves when he hears parents coming and tries to spend the night at the house of his former teacher. However, Holden interprets some of his teacher’s actions as harassment, and thus, has to spend the night at the railway station. The next day, he plans to run away, but when his sister insists on leaving with him, he takes her to the zoo instead. At the end of the story, Holden says he will start visiting another school in autumn. Holden Caulfield and the Theme of the Book It seems that The Catcher in the Rye solely concentrates on a single character – Holden Caulfield. All other characters serve the purpose of telling Holden’s story and showing his features. As it might be seen from the plot, the tragedy of Holden is that he can live neither with nor without people. In Holden’s view, the whole world is being “phony,” and he denies being a part of it (Nadel 8). As a result, he finds himself absolutely lonely and unable to establish contact with society. According to Yahya and Babaee, the mental condition of Holden can be described as “inconsolable mourning” (1827). This means that he cannot see any future for him in the world he belongs to, as it makes him confused. The famous scene from the book is when Holden sincerely asks the taxi driver where the ducks from the Central Park fly to in winter. This scene aims to show that Holden is embarrassed by the complexity of the world. All feelings of Holden described above lead to his willingness to be “the catcher in the rye.” Holden wants to catch children who are playing by the cliff because he believes that they will soon find themselves in the same state of mind, and thus, need someone’s help (Anderson 65). In Holden’s view, only he is aware of the world’s phoniness and can help children not to fall from the cliff. Although it is clear that The Catcher in the Rye focuses primarily on Holden Caulfield, understanding the book merely as the reflection of adolescent problems seems not entirely correct. The problems of growing up that were already discussed occupy an important place in Salinger’s novel, and its popularity is probably mostly due to them. However, some critics suggest that The Catcher in the Rye not only addresses the eternal issue of confrontation between a teenager and the world but also reveals and condemns some characteristics of a certain historical era. Yahya and Babaee view Salinger’s novel as an opposition to the values of post-war American society, especially to a “conformist culture” (1825). In that context, Holden Caulfield appears as the representative of society with a distinct system of values that does not tolerate conformism and phoniness. At the same time, Holden expresses the trauma of those members of American society who have experienced war and saw all its misery. He constantly recalls his brother, Allie, and cannot bear this burden (Yahya and Babaee 1827). This may be similar to ex-soldiers reminiscing about their experience on the battlefield. All in all, it can be seen that Salinger’s book addresses specific social issues and is not limited to the problems of adolescence. Personal Opinion on the Book Now that the issue of the novel has been discussed, the author tries to express the opinion on the meaning of the “catcher in the rye” metaphor and the main message of the book. Obviously, the role of the catcher is to prevent children from falling from the cliff. Thus, the questions are who these children are and what falling from the cliff actually means. As it was discussed earlier, Holden believes that he needs to catch children because, in his view, they require his help to face this world when they grow up. On this occasion, falling from the cliff means becoming isolated and lost adolescents in the complex and unfriendly world full of duplicity, which has precisely happened to Holden. However, it seems that the metaphor of “catcher in the rye” may be interpreted in a broader context. If Salinger tried to depict the controversies and problems of post-war America, then the role of the catcher could be understood as preventing future generations from creating a similar society. Holden realizes that there is no place in this world for him, but still, he hopes to catch the children and save them from entering it. If they fall from the cliff, they will also become “phonies,” and thus, another generation will be lost. The presence of the catcher symbolizes the hope for the new world, even though for Holden, it is probably out of reach. Conclusion It seems that Jerome Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye will remain one of the most famous books among young adults for years. Holden Caulfield embodies many challenges of adolescence, and that is what makes him so appealing to the reader. However, young readers of this book perhaps should understand it not only as a reflection of their problems. As it was shown in this paper, The Catcher in the Rye can be interpreted in a context broader than the challenges of adolescence. The book contains Salinger’s opposition to the post-war American society and its fundamental values. The phoniness and duplicity – so despised by Holden Caulfield – have not disappeared from the world and still guide people in many of their actions. Therefore, The Catcher in the Rye continues to be relevant nowadays and deserves the attention of readers, no matter if they are teenagers or adults. Works Cited Anderson, John P. Guide to Enjoying Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, Franny, and Zooey and Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters. Universal Publishers, 2017. Nadel, Alan. “Rhetoric, Sanity, and the Cold War: The Significance of Holden Caulfield’s Testimony.” J.D. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, edited by Harold Bloom, Infobase Publishing, 2014, pp. 5-20. Priest, Benjamin. “The Catcher in the Rye and the Ill Member of the Group: Holden Caulfield and Adolescent Development.” Psychodynamic Practice, vol. 22, no. 3, 2016, pp. 209-222. Yahya, Wan Roselezam Wan and Ruzbech Babaee. “Salinger’s Depiction of Trauma in The Catcher in the Rye.” Theory and Practice in Language Studies, vol. 4, no. 10, 2014, pp. 1825-1828. Jerome Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye Essay
SUNYSB Compare & Contrast Editing in Casablanca with Snapshot Discussion.

In what ways is the editing in Snapshot similar to the editing in Casablanca (Links to an external site.)? In what ways is it different? Refer to specific sequences to explain. Copy of textbook provided for referral of editing techniques. Snapchat (2006) Andrew Lund, Casablanca (1942) Michael Curtiz. all work must be original. textbook is for information on editing techniques (chapter 8)do not plagiarizeuse the information from the list of editing techniques as a background to the answer to this question. this assignment is approx 300 words. Complete ALL parts of the question. College level A grade work expected
SUNYSB Compare & Contrast Editing in Casablanca with Snapshot Discussion

Analyzing Robert Frosts Poem The Birches English Literature Essay

Escaping can be a productive coping mechanism to life’s many demands and challenges. There must be an exploration of their existence in this world full of confusion and desire to find their own entity. Robert Frosts’ poem “Birches” is a reflective poem about an old man dwelling on his youthful days with a strong desire to return. He also knows that he has a responsibility stay as an adult with responsibilities. Consequently there may be controversy over this desire; he thinks that it is okay to escape reality from time to time. He wants to continually return to that particular feeling that he gets while swinging from tree to tree. Swinging from tree to tree gives a person a pleasurable sensation of being “high”. However he did not want to linger at the tops of the birches for an extended period of time. Ice on the trees can linger on until the tree is so bowed that it cannot return to its original state. In other words, he plays it safe while climbing and swinging from tree to tree. Life is not about having fun all of the time. Discipline and other factors come in to play as part of being an adult. Of course the birch trees are metaphoric for the point that the author is trying to make. In this poem the reader is taken through a journey full of imagery, tonality, symbolism, rhythm and rhyme. The poem begins with “When I see birches bend to left and right across the lines of straighter darker trees. I like to think some boy’s been swinging them”. (Frost p.1107-1108) Perry 2 This provides the reader imagery of how it makes the narrator feel when looking upon birch trees that are bowed a little bit. Flashbacks of his childhood occur while the narrator gazes upon the tops of the bent birches. Similarly this could be how the author actually sees himself and applies to his understanding of how to balance everything out. Also the “darker” trees can be considered older or less tampered with. (Frost p.1107-1108) There is a break in the poem which reads, “But swinging doesn’t bend them down to stay as ice-storms do”. (Frost p.1107-1108) This tells the reader that it is not the boys that bend the branches down permanently; rather it is the ice-storms. Frost then elaborates on the beauty of these ice covered trees. This could be considered an analogy of when in youth things can appear very dazzling, but when old age approaches the ice shatters. There is a depressing connotation that appears in the mind of a reader during this stanza. The sense of destruction comes from the ice shattering from the birches. “But I was going to say when Truth broke in with all her matter-of-fact about the ice-storm, I should prefer to have some boy bend them”. (Frost p.1107-1108) Moreover through the progression of the poem Frost dismisses the ice-storm idea and continues on with the boy bending the birches even though he knows that the ice actually caused the tree’s predicament. He chooses to carry on the idea even though it overrules logic. It also shows the authors creative world without boundaries. “One by one he subdued his father’s trees by riding them down over and over again until he took the stiffness out of them, and not one but hung limp, not one was left for him to conquer. Perry 3 (Frost p.1107-1108) The boy’s conquest over the trees reflects the victory of Frost’s poetic imagination over the real world. His vision has now replaced the ice storm as the cause of the trees’ condition. Another specific point to take not of line 33, “He learned all there was to learn about not launching out too soon”. (Frost p.1107-1108) This stanza makes the point that he was careful about not growing up too fast. He didn’t want to miss out on the opportunities of being a kid. As adolescences, a young adult in a sense wants to grow up, yet on the other hand doesn’t want the responsibilities of an adult. There is a certain technique that the boy has for climbing and bending the birches. He didn’t want to damage the trees in any way, shape, or form. “Clear to the ground. He always kept his poise to the top branches, climbing carefully with the same pains you use to fill a cup up to the brim, and even above the brim.” (Frost p.1107-1108) This is important because Frost is describing a method of reaching beyond the limits of things to a realm beyond reality. Not only is this just the internal world of his imagination but something even greater. It is a theme that he will begin to develop more fully toward the ending of the poem. There is a parallel resemblance of the carefulness the boy climbs the trees and how carefully Frost constructed this poem. In the introduction to lines 41-42, Frost reminisces about being a swinger of birches himself. “So was I once myself a swinger of birches. And so I dream of going back to be”. (Frost p.1107-1108) He continually has the desire and longing to relive those carefree moments from his childhood. Consequently this stands in sharp contrast with the pain of the adult world; however this section also further develops the theme of the imagined world versus the real world. Thus far the narrator has conquered the birches of being a worry-free, playful time when one Perry 4 person can alone remake the world as he imagines it. Now he must conquer the real world which is, it seems too much of a challenge for him. “When I am weary of considerations and life is too much like pathless wood.”(Frost p.1107-1108) This is the point where he wants to run away from reality. It becomes too uncomfortable to handle. At this point he wants to escape. “I’d like to get away from earth awhile and then come back to it and begin over”. (Frost p.1107-1108) Why does he want to begin it all over again through an endless cycle? “Earth is the right place for love”. (Frost p.1107-1108) There are emotions to feel and other experiences to be had that can’t be accomplished away from the ground. One must deal with discomfort in order to know comfort. It is essential to progress in this life. When a person daydreams or consumes alcohol, etc. It is considered running away. During this state that the person is in, they are swinging on birches. Most of the time, one completely disregards reality in which they are consumed by a world that they have created. Many times this world is a place of comfort and serenity. It is a place that all the cares and worries of the world are quarantined. Furthermore, this can cause many problems for a particular person who exercises these kinds of habits on a daily basis. Frost tells the readers to be careful of staying off the ground for an extended period of time. Likewise one can become an incomplete individual without experiencing emotions such as love. During the conclusion of this poem, the reader discovers that filling a cup beyond its brim can make it possible to exceed the limits of the real world only to a certain extent or else there could be disaster lurking around the corner. “One could do worse that be a swinger of birches”. Perry 5 (Frost p.1107-1108) Of course everyone has limitations. That is what defines the character of a human being. Boundaries are critical to our development, thus one must respect those laws. Furthermore there will always be opposites that attract and make all things possible both to see and feel. Without limitations Frost would not be able to use his imagination in ways that completely mesmerize his readers. Perry 6

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i need help writing an essay easy paragraph writing..

so i am writing an assignment about the death penalty and how should we end it. and the first thing to do is by writing a paragraph about it and here is the steps of writing it:1. Complete and upload Academic Research Paper Body paragraph no.# 1, including: a. Your Topic Sentence – clearly stating your topic in the paragraph and clearly marked. b. Your first argument position, with paraphrased sentences with in-text citations, clearly marked. c. Your concession, with paraphrased in-text-citations, clearly marked. d. Your rebuttal of your concession, with in-text-citations, clearly marked. e. Your paragraph concluding sentence/s, clearly marked. “Clearly Marked means that this section of the paragraph is “Italicized” and in a “different color”. We will be using this method in class for peer-correction exercises. word count 275 min. i am arguing against death penalty i want you to talk specifically about the inhumanity behind it (Brutality and cruel, and Affection the society and the families) you will write the topic sentence and support this point with at least one in text citation( please have a reliable book or academic journal as a source)then you will write about the opposed argument (for example that the death penalty is beneficial ) against the points mentioned with in text citation or paraphrasing ( please have a reliable book or academic journal as a source)then your rebuttal and make sure to not use another point other than you wrote in the first one but with the same goal ( please have a reliable book or academic journal as a source)this is so importants please be carefull with the books or academic sources you will need at least 3 sources and all of it must be relible and crideble.
easy paragraph writing.

Answer the following question after watching short video, in one 150-200 words.

Answer the following question after watching short video, in one 150-200 words..

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XnhYs5k6RQsIn the assigned video, Environmental historian Donald Worster discussed how technological interventions to deal with an existing environmental problem can lead to other unintended consequences. What was the example he used? What can we do to deal with the unintended consequences based on what we know today?Multiple choice question(1) “Wise use movement” was:a.A new environmental movement of the 1980s that pressed for balancing ecological andhuman needs b.A political initiative to balance government budget and cut down fiscal deficitsc.An industry funded movement to weaken most of the environmental laws and regulationsin the USd.None of the above(2)In the early 2000’s, Canada ratified which international agreement that was later annulled?a.The Montreal Protocolb.The Kyoto Protocolc.The Geneva Protocold.None of the above (3)We prefer “development” over “growth” because the latter:a. Strives for unlimited expansion of economic activities and material consumption, which is unsustainableb. Causes severe environmental degradation c. May increase social inequityd. All of the above (4) The world population grew exponentially between 1950 and 2014 from 2.5 billion to 7.2 billion. Which of the following are also examples of exponential growth?Cell division by which one cell turns into two, then two into four, and so onthe king who doubled the number of grains he put on each successive square of a checkerboardPopulation of Canada geese increasing at a constant rate per yearAll of the aboveOnly (a) and (b) (5)Tragedy of the commons can result from:Lack of barriers to access the resource (it is open for all to use)It is part of the global commons (not owned by any particular country)The mentality that if I do not use it, someone else will (when supply is limited)All of the above
Answer the following question after watching short video, in one 150-200 words.

Ryerson University Innovative Solutions for Creating Sustainable Cities Questions

Ryerson University Innovative Solutions for Creating Sustainable Cities Questions.

1.Do you think Metrolinx helps lower carbon footprints of the population in the GTA?2.Do think companies that help lower carbon footprints of populations are more likely to have lower carbon footprint themselves?3.What change to your lifestyle could you make in order to lessen your carbon footprint but choose not too out of comfort.4.If you had the opportunity to greatly improve the environment by lessening emissions, climate change fossil fuel dependency and so on but you had to make 30% less in income what would you choose? Money or the Environment.5. Have you heard of the IUCN or the IUCN Red List? If so, what is your impression of their conservation efforts so far? If not, what worries you most about current conservation efforts?6.Do you think it is possible for large organizations such as IUCN to avoid controversies, for example, partnering with another organization with conflicting interests?
Ryerson University Innovative Solutions for Creating Sustainable Cities Questions