Japanese Religion and the Influence on Culture Throughout the world, religion is perceived as a governing idea within many different cultures. Religion has a way of representing a certain way of life, providing a basis for faith to live by, and brings a sense of belonging to many cultures in our world. For different cultures and within many countries religion varies according to demographics. The key concepts of religion within the Japanese culture are natural and superstitious based. The leading religion in Japan remains Shinto, while other religions have come and go, interweaving themselves among the Japanese society. For any Japanese person who may practice Shinto, another religion that may dually be practiced is Buddhism. Are these religions common to one another in theory? Do they serve the same purposes? And what other religions claim a popular following in Japan? While Buddhism was brought over to Japan via China and Korea in the 6th century, Shinto seems to have always resided in Japan (Japan-Guide.com, 2007). The religion of Shinto is still today very mysterious because “in some areas there is still no certain knowledge in the course of the centuries many Japanese have written extensively on Shinto but these are largely expressions of their individual points of view. Except for the relatively short three-quarters of a century of regimentation after the Meiji Restoration when there was an artificial, government-created authoritative interpretation of Shinto, there has not been any large body of interpretation that is generally accepted” (Ono, Sokyo ix). Buddhism was founded by the teachings of Guatama Siddhartha who was born around 6th century B.C. in Nepal. The spread of Buddhism took many centuries, and didn’t reach Japan until 6th century A.C. (Buddhanet). Although there are many sects of Buddhism, the main teachings are universal in The Four Noble Truths. These teachings from Siddhartha himself lay the foundation of Buddhism itself. The first Nobel truth; Life means suffering. “To live means to suffer, because the human nature is not perfect and neither is the world we live in. During our lifetime, we inevitably have to endure physical suffering such as pain, sickness, injury, tiredness, old age, and eventually death. (The Big View). The second Noble Truth;the origin of suffering is attachment to worldly desires. “The origin of suffering is attachment to transient things and the ignorance thereof… The reasons for suffering are desire, passion, ardour, pursue of wealth, prestige, striving for fame and popularity” (The Big View). The third Nobel Truth is the cessation of suffering is attainable. “Extinguishing all forms of clinging and attachment… Suffering can be overcome through human activity simply by removing the cause of suffering” (The Big View). The Fourth Noble Truth is to follow the Eightfold Path. “A gradual self-improvement by following the way between the two extremes of excessive self-indulgence and excessive self-mortification”(The Big View). Although the Four Nobel Truths are great concepts of Buddhism there are many other aspects that make up Buddhism. Daily practice of meditation helps develop one’s sense of awareness, to grow, and develops compassion and loving kindness (Buddhanet). Following the laws of Karma and following right speech are also integral to Buddhism. In the religion of Shinto, which was founded as Japan’s state religion in the Meiji Period, there is no absolute right or wrong and humans are seen as fundamentally good (buddhanet). The purpose of rituals in the Shinto religion are to cast away evil spirits by means of purification, prayers and offerings. “The Way of the Gods” or “Kami” is the literal translation of Shinto. “Unlike Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, Shinto has neither a founder, such as Guatama the Enlightened One, Jesus the Messiah or Mohammed the Prophet; nor does it have sacred scriptures, such as the sutras of Buddhism, the Bible or the Koran” (Ono Sokyo 3). Shinto appears very little in history, as there is no significant teachings or information surrounding the ideas. Shinto is more than just a religious faith; it is a collection of ideas, attitudes on ways of doing things and through history has become an “integral part of the way of the Japanese people” (Ono, Sokyo, 3). “The kami-concept today includes the idea of justice, order, and divine favor (blessing), and implies the basic principle that the kami function harmoniously in cooperation with one another and rejoice in the evidence of harmony and cooperation in this world” (Ono Sokyo, 7). This concept is basically the same as it was in ancient Japan, only few things have changed in regards to theory on Shinto. The kami of the Shinto religion serve different purposes for the Japanese. Their culture revolves around kami who protect different things such as places, processes and natural orders. The Shinto gods can take many different forms, such as mountains, trees, rocks, wind, and rain. When a human dies they become ancestral kami and are worshipped as such (Japan-Guide). This idea of kami is very different in contrast to Buddhism , where they do not believe in kami, but in a force that which is made up of all living things and holds the universe together (leaderu). This difference between Buddhism and Shinto may be the key to why they are so easily practiced together. There is no fundamental conflict between each religions kami, and there is no need to favor one over the other. The practice of Buddhism is earthly compassion while the practice of Shinto is otherworldly compassion. There are different types of Shinto, just as in Buddhism, that the Japanese follow. There is popular Shinto practice in everyday life of kami-worship, and Domestic Shinto referring to home practice, and shrine Shinto is the oldest and most prevalent type (Ono, Sokyo, 12). Shinto does no appear to have branches or sects of difference among its worshippers, and the ideas across Japan are fundamentally the same. In Buddhism each branch may have many different sects of practice. Theravada Buddhism, which teaches the psychological understanding of human nature and emphasis a meditative approach on transformation of consciousness (Buddhanet). The Mahayana, another sect of Buddhism, teaches a variety of practices such as yoga. This sect of Buddhism branches out into many different lineages such as Pure Land, Avatamska and T’ien T’ai. Elements of Worpship for Shinto are performed at srhines, and involve four different elements. “It is a distinctive feature of Shinto that kami-worship is expressed not only from the depth of one’s heat but in a concrete act of religious ritual” (Ono, Sokyo, 51). The four elements of Shinto worship include purification, offerings, prayer and a symbolic feast. Purification is very essential to Shinto and the idea of pollution is vitally important. Removing pollution from oneself helps rid evil and unrighteousness, which could thwart one’s communication with kami. Rinsing the mouth and fingers with clear water will purify a worshiper. Offerings are necessary to keep the kami happy daily. In shrines of great importance offerings may be very elaborate, while simple ones may be of salt, rice or water (Ono Sokyo, 53). Prayers are typically read or recited at shrines in classical Japanese. These prayers are opened with words of praise for kami, making reference to the kami in which they are praying to. These prayers are ended with final words of respect and awe to the kami (Ono, sokyo, 54). The sacred feast is held at the end of any Shinto ceremony in which you eat together with the kami. While Shinto and Buddhism seem blatantly different in their day-to-day functions, operating together they appear to make perfect sense. Japans idea of dually practiced religion is called syncretism. While Shinto is the main religion practiced for any wedding ceremony, Buddhist rituals are practiced at funerals because death in Shitno religion is considered pollution. These two dominant religions in Japan are clearly the oldest forms of religion, however there are “new religions” that are also claiming a popular following. These “new religions” often cited as Folk Religion “have never faced the kind of dilemma of secularization which has been experienced by Buddhism or Christianity. Folk Religion always preserves the strong enduring power which perseveres in he lower structure of society and religious institutions” ( Hori, Ichiro, 18) Folk religion therefore has a strong social significance. The idea and concept of religion rose out of the cyclical concept of agriculture, in which everything has a natural order of germination, growth and maturity (Hori, Ichiro, 20). Farm and agricultural work is regarded as sacred in itself to the Japanese people and rituals are often observed before seeding and after harvesting. These among other rituals done for protection and security make folk religion a part of Japanese culture. There are two distinct types of folk religion in Japan. The first is considered as the guardian shrine systems, known as the uji-gami. This was based on a particular family or clan system in which each family has it’s own shrine as a central symbol of harmony, devoted to ancestral spirit who was enshrined and worshiped. The main function of uji-gami is to assimilate all the family members into a patriarchal hierarchy in which the family’s respectable name is preserved for generations to come. The second type of system in folk religion is known as the man-god system, also called “hito-gami”. This system is based on a close relationship of an individual god with a shaman. Older Japanese cultures or villages were once ruled by an individual shaman or medicine man (Hori, Ichiro, 31) This type of system gave the leader the power to transmit ideas to their kami thus making the leader a utility of divine power. Beliefs and superstitions are present at the core of each folk religion. There are five types of superstitious groups; beliefs and magic concerning omens, beliefs in divination, fragmentary customs concerning taboo, black magic, and prayers with magical elements. Although these topics may be viewed as superstitious, it is not from an objective point of view as many religions around the world practice what one might call superstitions. These rituals or acts of “superstition” do enter the daily life of the Japanese and may even “regulate the conduct of a great number of persons” (Hori, Ichiro, 46). Although the religions of Shinto, Buddhism and “new religions” seem different in many aspects, there are common themes and theories among them. This being said, it is also observed that many different religions around the world share a number of commonalities. Shinto and Buddhism define a lot of cultural morals and values that the Japanese use in conduct everyday. “New Religions” also are seen to permeate into the daily lives of Japanese. These religions practiced together make Japan the diverse but unified country that it is today. Bibliography “Buddhism.” 2007. japan-Guide.com. 09 Apr. 2007 . “Buddhanet.” Buddhanet. 2007. 09 Apr. 2007 . Hori, Ichiro. Folk Religion in Japan. Chicago: University of Chicago P, 1968. Ono, Sokyo. Shinto: the Kami Way. Ruthland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Co., Inc, 1969. “The Four Noble Truths.” The Big View. 13 Dec. 2006. 09 Mar. 2007 www.thebigview.com
All the requirements is there. I’m studying and need help with a Accounting question to help me learn.
Read Chapter 4 of your textbook IntermediateAccounting 16th edition and write a 1,500 word essay that addresses the following topics:
-What is the usefulness of the income statement?
-Describe the elements of the income statement.
-What are discontinued operations?
-Describe changes in accounting principles, change in estimates, and correction of errors.
Make sure not to copy paste text from the textbook. Keep the Turnitin similarity at 15% or less. Make sure to use at least 5 references with intext citations. Use APA style. Include an introduction, and a conclusion.
All the requirements is there
Provide thesis and outline
Provide thesis and outline. I’m studying and need help with a Literature question to help me learn.
Below is the link for the story.
Instruction for Paper 1: How is a literary element (plot, setting, characterization/character, diction, theme) represented in a short story to create meaning for the reader? You will develop a paper that answers this question and demonstrates the following outcomes for writing and literature:
Analyze literature for a purpose
Distinguish digital or print materials through annotation to demonstrate reading and summary skills
Identify a literary element–such as plot, setting, character, diction, or theme–in a short story
Identify one to three examples in the story that support the thesis
Write a thesis that clearly states your interpretation of the “meaning” (significance) the story based upon evidence related to the literary element you have selected to examine in the story
Write clear topic sentences for paragraphs that let the reader know what each paragraph of the body of the paper will discuss
Write paragraphs that explain how the examples from the story support the thesis
Arrange a paper by presenting paragraphs in a coherent, purposeful manner
Write sentences in standard American English that clearly express ideas
Demonstrate the MLA style of formatting in the layout of a paper
Demonstrate the MLA style of formatting by documenting material from the story within the paper and on a Works Cited page
Explain in a clear and logical fashion what you have learned about your writing
Paper 1 assignment requires a complete alphanumeric outline be submitted with the paper in a single document
500-750 words for the paper (two to three pages, double-spaced)
complete alphanumeric outline
2-3 paragraphs (Reflection)
Provide thesis and outline
Environmental justice intersectionality Discussion
help me with my homework Environmental justice intersectionality Discussion.
Tis is for environmental justice class discussion. Do you think that the intersectionality framework is a trend or here to stay? Explain. Your answer should not be long here are two examples:personally, i believe that the intersectionality framework is here to stay and is not a trend. i believe that as long as these issues have situations and ways to intertwine with each other there will always be a need for the intersectionality framework and understanding. Second example:I believe the intersectionality framework is here to stay because we will always have an overlap of discrimination of disadvantaged people. Until we reach a time of equality for all there will be an intersectionality framework, there is an abundance of overlap between, environmental justice, race issues, gender, and class issues. There are individuals and groups who suffer from more than one or even more of these disadvantages, therefore an intersectionality framework will be needed.
Environmental justice intersectionality Discussion
ece351 week 1 journal elevator speechm
ece351 week 1 journal elevator speechm.
Elevator SpeechThe premise of an elevator speech is that you are prepared to quickly share information with a potential employer in 30 seconds (or less) during an elevator ride. This speech is a message or “commercial” about you; it briefly communicates who you are, what business/profession you are in, what you are looking for and how you can contribute to a company or organization. Begin by:Watching The Elevator Pitch (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. Career Spots video (3:25 minutes) Next, create a 23 to 30 second (80 to 90 words, 8 to 10 sentences) elevator speech tailored toward your chosen career path (elementary school teacher), and be sure to:use short powerful sentenceeliminate unnecessary wordsmake sure your speech flows smoothlymemorize key pointspracticeUtilize one of the following voice recording options to hear your elevator speech and share it with your instructor:
Voki (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.iTalk (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.YouTube (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Once you have completed your recording, copy and paste the link of your recording into a word document, and submit your word document to the classroom drop box.If you are having trouble recording your elevator speech, please contact your instructor.Example Elevator Speech Hi, my name is John and I am a student at Ashford University completing my Bachelor of Arts in Early Childhood Education. I received the student teacher of the year award at Chapin High in May. Ten of the students I tutored were able to increase their math scores on their TAKS tests by multiple points. I can provide strong teamwork and a strong work ethic to staff at No Excuses Elementary School. Thank you so for your time today and I look forward to talking with you again soon.
ece351 week 1 journal elevator speechm
Writing for Deaf Students: Teaching Approaches Research Paper
Table of Contents Process Writing Approaches Interactive Writing Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction Balanced and Interactive Language Instruction American Sign Language and Writing Skills References Process Writing Approaches The educational professionals need to select a suitable strategy for the education of writing skills to young deaf and hard of hearing students, as teaching writing is often associated with the presence of challenges due to its dependency on the spoken language (Giddens, 2009). Firstly, the instruments such as Fitzgerald Key and Wing symbols were used to teach the word order (Marschark