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Jane is the wife and assistant of a knife throwing expert, Frank, and they both work for a circus.

Jane is the wife and assistant of a knife throwing expert, Frank, and they both work for a circus. Frank is renowned for his hot temper and has recently been off work suffering from depression. Their act consists of Jane being strapped to a board whilst Frank throws twenty knives all around her from a distance of 5 metres to
within as little as 15 centimetres of her body. They have been doing this for many
years without a single mistake and Frank regards his technique as perfect.
One evening, just before their act begins, Jane tells Frank that she is having an affair with his best friend, the lion tamer, Andrew. Frank is shocked and enraged but,
at that moment, the fanfare strikes up for the start of their act and Jane and Frank
enter the ring to start their performance. The third knife Frank throws goes straight into Jane’s heart, killing her instantly.
Advise Frank regarding any potential criminal liability he may have for Jane’s death

To support your advice on whether Frank will be liable for Jane’s death, you would need to consider:
• Whether the crime of murder has been committed in the first place
(considering both the actus reus and mens rea of murder)
• Whether the special defences (loss of self-control or diminished
responsibility) can be used to reduce the charge of murder to voluntary manslaughter.
The sources below will be particularly helpful:
• 54 of the Coroner’s and Justice Act 2009 amended S2 of the Homicide Act
1957 so S 2 states that:
• S2 of the Homicide Act 1957 (as amended by the Coroner’s and Justice Act
1957)
• Martin