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Internship/Job or Graduate School?

Internship/Job or Graduate School?. I’m trying to learn for my Health & Medical class and I’m stuck. Can you help?

Purpose: The goal of this assignment is to envision yourself in a job, internship or graduate school program you would like to see yourself in after you graduate from SJSU and the steps you need to attain these goals. Please select Option 1 or Option 2 based on your preference.
Assignment format and details: Please make sure your assignment answers all of the questions below and includes the question headings for grading purposes. Your assignment must be in 12 pt font, double spaced with 1-inch margins and no longer than 3 pages. Please take the time to proofread your assignment before submission.
Option 1: Internship/Job
Take 15-30 minutes to look through public health entry level job or internship positions on (Links to an external site.), LinkedIn, Handshake or any other of your preferred job search engines. Keep in mind that you may not have all of the qualifications for the job/internship at this time but this is something you are working toward. Pick a total of 2-3 jobs/internships that you would be interested in and provide a link to each of the job/internship descriptions as part of your assignment. Review the job/internship qualifications and preferences and then answer the questions below in 2-3 pages.
Please upload as Word document on Canvas by Sunday, October 27th by 11:59pm. Keep in mind that some of what you write in this assignment may be writing you are able to use for a future cover letter or in an informational or job interview.

What is it about these jobs/internships that interest you?
Why do you feel you would be a good candidate for these jobs/internships?
What skills do you already possess that make you a good candidate for these jobs/internships? (These skills can come from your current or previous coursework or job experience)
What skills or knowledge have you learned as a result of 104/114 and your other public health course training that you would be able to use in this new job?
What skills do you still need to learn to obtain this position?
How will you go about obtaining the skills you need by the time you graduate?

Option 2: Graduate School
For those of you interested in applying to graduate school after you graduate from SJSU, instead take the time to review the graduate programs you are interested in applying to. Find 2-3 programs and provide the link to the graduate programs. I want you to think about what you bring to the program and the skills you need to cultivate before applying to graduate school. Review the requirements of the graduate program and then answer the questions below in 2-3 pages. Please upload as a Word document on Canvas by Sunday, October 27th by 11:59pm. Keep in mind that some of what you write for this assignment may be writing you are able to use for your personal statement and graduate school application.

What is it about these graduate programs that interest you?
What kinds of skills and experience will you gain as a result of attending these programs?
What type of job do you hope to attain after graduating from these types of graduate programs?
Why do you feel you would be a good candidate for these programs and for the position you are hoping to attain after graduation?
What skills do you already possess that make you a good candidate for these graduate programs? (These skills can come from your current or previous coursework or job experience)
What skills or knowledge have you learned as a result of 104/114 and your other public health course training that would make you a good candidate for this program?
What skills do you still need to obtain to apply for this graduate program?
How will you go about obtaining the skills you need to apply to these programs by the time you graduate?

Internship/Job or Graduate School?

University Putra Malaysia Week 9 Public Relation Code of Ethics Discussion

University Putra Malaysia Week 9 Public Relation Code of Ethics Discussion.

4. The Institute of Public Relations (IPRM) has indicated in their Code of Ethics the following:“To act, in all circumstances, in such a manner as to take account of the respective interests of the parties involved: both the interests of the organisation which he/she serves and the interest of the public concerned; Carry out duties with integrity; Shall refrain from subordinating the truth to other requirements; Circulating info which is not based on established facts, or use manipulative methods or techniques designed to create subconscious motivations”a. With reference to the above statement, what are some of the challengesfaced by public relations practitioners with regards to being ethical in theprofession?(10 marks)b. What are some of the ways public relations can sustain credibility, integrityand ethical values in order to sustain the image and reputation of theprofession?(10 marks)
University Putra Malaysia Week 9 Public Relation Code of Ethics Discussion

Whats The Characteristics Of The Car Rental Industry Marketing Essay

professional essay writers This case describes the situation faced by at the start of 2003. EasyCar is the low priced European car rental business founded by easy Jet pioneer Stelios Haji-Ioannou. EasyCar had just reached breakeven in 2002 on sales of ¿½27 million, and had as its goals to reach sales of ¿½100 million and profits of ¿½10 million by the end of fiscal year 2004 in order to position itself for an initial public offering. To do this would require opening new locations at a rate of two per week and expanding its fleet of rental cars from 7000 to 24,000. The case describes the company’s processes and facilities as well as its pricing and promotional strategies. It also describes a number of significant changes that the company has made in the last year, including a move to allow rentals for as little as an hour that was designed to position easyCar as a competitor to local taxis, buses, trains and even car ownership. The case also explores several legal challenges the firm faced, including a ruling that threatened one of the core elements of its business model. Students are asked to evaluate easyCar’s operations strategy and assess the likelihood that easyCar will be able to achieve its ambitious goals. Why a low cost service does not necessarily imply a low quality service to the consumer. The case provides a good illustration of Parasuraman, Zeithaml and Berry’s (1985) service quality model and the notion of service quality relating to customer perceptions compared to customer expectations. How services differ from manufactured products (i.e., intangibility, perishability, heterogeneity and simultaneity), how services differ from each other, and how the characteristics of a given service influence the design of the service delivery process (i.e., relative focus given to physical facilities and policies, employee behaviors and employee judgment). How the customer can be designed into the service delivery process (i.e., so that they are performing a portion of the service delivery). How valuable sophisticated forecasting and demand management systems can be to a firm and how process details can be designed to aid forecasting and capacity planning efforts (e.g., early bookings, no cancellations). The discussion questions that follow were written so that the instructor can simply walk the class through the questions in sequence. This takes the class basically through a discussion of different order winning criteria that a rental car company might choose to compete on (cost, quality, flexibility) and looks at easyCar’s processes, policies and procedures with respect to these possible order winning criteria. Questions 5 and 6 are designed to either further reinforce the lessons of questions 1-4 or to test students understanding of the ideas discussed in these earlier questions. Some instructors may wish to assign only questions 1 -4 and 7 and integrate the important discussion points from questions 5 and 6 into questions 2 and 3. Question 7 is designed to help bring closure to the discussion and emphasize to students that the success of easyCar’s operations strategy will depend in part on how well it can implement the strategy during a period of rapid growth. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS 1. What are the characteristics of the car rental industry? How do these characteristics influence the design of service delivery processes in this industry in general? This first question is intended to have students think about the nature of the industry that easyCar competes in and the nature of car rental services in general. This will help students better understand and distinguish between actions taken by easyCar’s that are related to the nature of the industry and service and those related to easyCar’s strategy. Perhaps the best way to start the discussion is by looking at the general characteristics of services and which of these characteristics are most significant in the case of car rentals. In general, services are characterized by their intangibility, perishability, heterogeneity and simultaneity. But different services vary significantly in the extent to which these characteristics hold. Intangibility – While strictly speaking, the “service” of car rental is intangible, given the physical nature of the rented vehicle, it really is not as intangible as many other services in the sense that the consumer can see and touch the rented vehicle. For the vast majority of the period during which the customer uses the service of car rental, the physical car is the service provided. For many services, intangibility makes it very difficult for the consumer to judge quality and for the producer to control quality. This is not nearly as difficult a proposition in the case of car rental. The “convenience” factor (e.g., location, speed of pick-up and drop-off, etc.) associated with rental is the most significant intangible associated with rental cars. Perishability – Car rental is clearly a very perishable service. If a day goes by and a car is not rented, the opportunity to generate revenues from that unrented time is lost forever. Perishability is a critical factor in the rental industry given the generally high fixed cost associated with the service (i.e., a fleet of vehicles). All industry players must cope with this perishability and different companies will have somewhat different strategies for dealing with it. Heterogeneity – Car rental is not a particularly heterogeneous service, as compared, for example, to the services provided by a doctor, an architect, a lawyer or a hairdresser. While customers may request different vehicles or different extras (e.g., child seat, ski rack) or different rental terms (return with empty or full tank, unlimited miles, etc.), the majority of customers will receive exactly the same service – the use of a vehicle for some specified period of time. Further, the basic interaction or contact that employees of the rental car company have with customers is going to be very similar. Simultaneity – The issue of simultaneity is not a major issue for the car rental industry. The service being provided by the car rental industry is the use of a vehicle in a location where the customer both needs one and does not have one (i.e., typically when the customer is travelling). While there is simultaneity in the sense that the customer and the vehicle are together during the time that the service is consumed, most of the process of creating the service (e.g., creating the facilities, arranging for the right car to be in the right place) is done without the customer in the process. The customer only interacts with the service organization when booking the vehicle and when picking up and returning a vehicle. While these interactions are important, they do not limit the ability to achieve economies of scale in the industry the way simultaneity does in some other industries. Service design has been characterized as having three basic components – (i) physical facilities, processes

Foreign Language Teaching And Technology Education Essay

Foreign language (FL) teachers have always been ahead of the curve in integrating technology in FL instruction and learning, seeing the benefits of technology even without an extant research database to confirm their judgment. The number of computer ap­plications, communications technologies, and sheer volume of of­ferings on the Internet has grown at an amazing rate over the past 15 years, and many FL educators, heeding instinct, common sense, and anecdotal information, have embraced these new technologies as useful instructional tools. Before turning to a discussion of the use of computers in language learning, it is better to summarize the findings on computers and learning. At first it may be concluded that the theory of generativity works well within language learning, but in fact; it supports Sherwood Smith’s claim that language learners internalize representative samples of language and use these to deduct the rules from and apply to novel utterances (Smith, Sh, 1993); however, studies show that instruction using computers works most effectively when learners are given explicit information about the target structure in the beginning after which they are given the input material. Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) refers to the use of the computer in language teaching and learning. The field is definitely interdisciplinary in nature, with 28 major contributions from the fields of second language acquisition, instructional technology, psychology, and computational linguistics. A number of authors have attempted to give guidelines for the development and evaluation of CALL materials. Levy (1997) suggests the following factors should be taken into account: (a) language learning philosophy and teaching methodology, (b) role of the computer, (c) point of departure, and (d) role of the teacher. It seems obvious that the language learning philosophy and the teaching methodology favored by the instructional designer will greatly affect all aspects of the instructional product. Also, Chapelle (1998) suggests several elements to be considered in the development of multimedia CALL: (a) the linguistic characteristics of the input should be noted so as to achieve “input enhancement,” (b) learners should be provided with help to understand semantic and syntactic aspects of the linguistic input, (c) learners should be given opportunities to communicate, (d) learners should be able to recognize their errors and correct them, (e) learners should engage in tasks designed to maximize opportunities for interaction. Carlo A. Chapelle and Joan Jamieson introduced the use of computer software for teaching English as a second language, in 1980. But the problem was how to write and use it in the curriculum, and various forms of questions were asked by the audience whether the computer should be used in language teaching, but during the 1990s the question of should changed into how; and by entering the 21st century learning language through technology has become a fact of life. Of course, according to Lam (2000) some teachers lack perceived legitimacy of technology and as a result they reject the technological changes in the curriculum. Technology, especially modern information and communication technology, holds great potential for significantly improving second language learning (Chapelle, 2001; Egbert, Chao,

Parasitic Plants and Their Hosts: Types and Characteristics

Parasitic Plants and Their Hosts: Types and Characteristics. Survival of one life form is dependent not only on its ability to search and utilize available life sustaining resources but also upon its healthy competition for various such requisites with other life forms belonging to either the same or different species. To facilitate this, different life forms have evolved with special assets of abilities to exist, work and exhibit a tendency to proliferate so as to flag their dominance on ecological niche. Scientific communities at times are amazed by the kinds of interaction in which different life forms co-exist with each other and also with the surroundings. In plants, interaction science has emerged as a major area of research which deals with investigating and studying such phenomena in detail, their mechanism, reasoning for interactions of plant with plant, animals, and/or micro-organism. Evolution of a new species from an existing ancestral mob assures adaptation to new and more efficient modes of existence, wherein lesser inputs are invested for more possible benefits. One such example is the parasitic plants or epiphytes. Parasitic plants comprise 19 families in angiosperms and constitute to about 4,100 species (Nickrent. and Musselman, 2004). Among these with various parasitic habits, mistletoes are well known as perrenial, polyphyletic group of angiospermic aerial plant parasites (Devkota, 2005) infecting generally host stem and/or branches, and belong to families, Viscaceae and Loranthaceae. Mistletoes are considered as an important component of biodiversity (Watson, 2001; Shaw et al., 2004), and have been appraised not only due to their unique parasitic relationship with their respective hosts, their growth habits, mechanism of seed dispersal but also because of their miraculous medicinal values which includes their use as sympathetic medicine to take down abnormal tissue growth under cancer (Kunwar et al.2005). They are predominantly known to occur on fruit trees. Mistletoes are characterised by the development of a root like absorptive organ called haustorium which forms the host parasite interface and draws nutrients from the host conductive tissues to the parasite (Devkota, 2005). Dendrophthoe falcata is a hemi-parasitic plant belonging to the Loranthaceae mistletoes and is considered as the commonest of all other mistletoes widely occurring in India (Parker acnd Westwood, 2009). The genus Dendrophthoe comprises of about 31 species spread across tropical Africa, Asia, and Australia (Flora of China, 2003) among which 7 species are found in India. The sp. falcata has its hold in India since ancient times and has been in use as traditional folklore medication for various ailments. Though a parasite incurring huge losses to commercial fruit and timer production, it is considered and welcomed as a sacred sign of prosperity in few areas of rural India. Well globally, much of the advanced scientific investigations have centered on other mistletoes such as Orobanche, Viscum etc. These studies have aimed towards understanding the parasite behaviour, sap flow dynamics at the host parasite interface, chemical compositions of floral organs, designing successful control strategies, evaluating medicinal potentials etc. The present review will focus on the existing literature earlier attempts aiming study of various scientific aspects associated with D.falcata. The review considerably outlines the variety of studies performed revolving around the host-parasite relationship, morphology and geographical distribution, and studies aiming towards in vitro establishment and attempts towards scientific justification of the ethno-medicinal properties, and various existing and possible control strategies for this mistletoe family member. Morphology and biogeography: Evolutionarily, mistletoes belonging to Loranthaceae are considered older than those of Viscaceae and ever since their origin from dense Gondwanan forests; they have successfully encompassed tropics, subtropics and arid portions on the globe through their nutritional competition-driven conquests (Devkota et al, 2005). Notes on floral morphology and embryology in D.falcata have been provided by Singh (1952). D.falcata bears grey barks, thick coriaceous leaves variable in shape with stout flowers (Wealth of India. 2002). The flowering inflorescences in D.falcata was previously referred to as axillary or as developing on the scars of fallen leaves, but Y.P.S Pundir (1996) verified it to be of strictly cauliflorous nature and also notified that it shares fundamental similarity to that of Ficus glomerata, F. pomifera and F. hispida. Two of its varieties are widespread in India namely, var. falcata (Honey Suckled Mistletoe) and var. Coccinea (Red Honey Suckled Mistletoe) distinguished by occurrence of white and red flowering, respectively (Flowers of India, a World Wide Web resource). A comprehensive list of almost all the species within the genus Dendrophthoe can be availed (from web source at Haustorial polymorphism, leaf mimicry, explosive flowering, fruit adhesive pulp etc. Singh, B., 1952. A contribution to the floral morphology and embryology of Dendrophthoe falcata (L. f.) Ettingsh. Jour. Linn. Soc., Lond., 53, 449. Dendrophthoe homoplastica (mistle- toe) mimic those of its common host, Eucalyptus shirleyi. (Robert L. Mathiasen, David C. Shaw, Daniel L. Nickrent, David M. Watson,2008 Plant Disease / Vol. 92 No. 7) Hosts and host-parasite relationships: Mistletoes occur mostly on forest, fruit and ornamental host trees preferentially harboring zones rich in biodiversity and thus are found excessively on mountain ridges provided with favorably optimum light intensities and in few in slopes and plains (Devkota, 2005 and references therein). Mistletoes do not follow a uniform pattern of distribution which is affected by local environments and effected by habits of seed dispersing avian visitors. Host range: Earliest, B.Singh (1962) reported that the leafy mistletoe D.falcata is parasitic on over 300 hosts in India, Pakistan, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia. India�s rich plant biodiversity in 1977 could report exclusive host range numbering 345 plants susceptible to infection from this mistletoe (Siva Sarma and Vijayalakshmi 1977) which is a significant number as it contributes to its comparatively recent global record for 401 hosts (Shaw 1993). Till date, D.falcata represents the only known mistletoe with the largest global host range (Calvin and Wilson, 2009) which is continuously and rapidly widening. Haustoria: Mistleoes are known to form haustorial structures at the point of attachment to the host. Among angiosperms, parasitic relationship through the formation of haustorial linkages is known to be widespread (Wilson and Calvin, 2006). In general, haustorial connections among 72 (of the 75) ariel parasitic genera may belong to either of the four types viz., epicortical roots (ERs), clasping unions, wood roses, and bark strands (Calvin and Wilson, 1998). ERs may run along the host branches in either direction forming haustorial structures at variable intervals while �unions� occur as single points of attachment of individual parasites hence pronounced as solitary. In D,falcata on different hosts two of the haustorial kinds have been observed viz., solitary unions as on Sugar apple (Annona squamosa), and epicortical roots as on sugar apple (Achras sapota), guava (Psidium guajava), pomegranate (Punica granatum) have been observed. It is unknown about what factors decide formation of different haustorial types by the leafy mistletoe on different hosts. The host branches infected with D.falcata show a gradual reduction in growth and diameter as compared to other healthy uninfected branches (Karunaichamy et al, 1999). It has also been reported that the development of mistletoe plants on the host tree is a dynamic process which necessarily leads to the death of the host tree and that the whole process may last for about a decade (Karunaichamy et al, 1999). It is known that mistletoes have higher nutrient titer than their host (Lamont, 1983; Karunaichamy et al, 1993) and this could probably be attributed to a competitively higher water (including dissolved nutrient and growth promoting metabolite) uptake rate by the parasite at its haustorium at a point in the host branch in comparison to that in the protruding lateral ends of the branch (that extends after the haustorium). This might render key nutrients be unavailable to the host branches that could repress growth post-infection (Stewart and Press, 1990). But in work by Karunaichamy et al (1999) one D.falcata seed per stem of Azadirachta indica seedling has been tested which has shown the life threatening effect on whole plant which again itself is at an immature seedling stage (so death of the whole plant could be expected). In a broad sense, physiological and metabolic perturbations induced by the parasite in the whole host plant outlined at the seedling stage surmised by the reduced host leaf area, leaf number, growth performance upon infection cannot be correlated to that in a fully mature host. (statement in bold italics) could be justified by that there may be an increment in the probability of multiple mistletoe seed dispersals or extended reach of haustorial structures to other branches of the same tree (as we saw in Guava) that might possibly lead to a gradual depletion of key metabolites (thereby lowering an essential threshold titer for the same) required for growth of the host plant altogether. Alternatively though unknown, it might also be possible or still unknown if the hemi-parasites dissipate any unknown metabolite in to the host xylem at the point of anchor formation that may inhibit growth and metabolism in the host�s axillary meristems and the whole host plant life may only be at stake if such inhibitory effects are perceived by all plant parts. This again is contradictory hypothesis as evident from fact that the haustorial connections of the parasite with the plant are devoid of any retranslocation system (Smith and Stewart, 1990, also see later). Once more, a report by Sridhar and Rama Rao (1978) unraveled the infection of D.falcata surprisingly hosting itself directly on the fruit (Table 1) of Acharas sapota (Sapota). Almost all the hemi-parasitic members of the Loranthaceae tap the xylem vessels of their host to avail water and minerals but to a considerable extent produce their own supply of assimilates (Kuijt, 1969). D.falcata does not have an indigenous rooting system and is dependent on the host for water and minerals. Nutrient dynamics have shown that a higher titre of N, P , K, Mg and Na in the leaves of mistletoe than the leaves of uninfected and infected hosts which may be due to differential translocation of elements within the host phloem (Prakash et al, 1967; Karunaichamy et al, 1999). Nitrogen loss is well pronounced in mistletoe infected hosts and a higher potassium levels in mistletoe is an indicative of higher transpiration rates and a lack of re-translocation system (Karunaichamy et al, 1999 and references therein). Though outlined above that the total phosphorous in mistletoe leaves is present in excess as compared to that the host leaves, fractionation studies have elucidated that percentage acid-insoluble phosphate is comparatively lesser in the parasite and also that further fractionation again infers a lower percentage of phospholipid, RNA, DNA and phosphoproteins. The DNA content of the infected host leaves however demonstrate a dramatic increase compared to the healthy uninfected leaves (Prakash et al, 1967). Mistletoes are believed to mimic their hosts in floral structures. At some instance it was supported by a hypothesis which explains that such behaviour imparts protection to the mistletoe from the herbivores. Later, the hypothesis was field tested, rejected and replaced by a belief that a host parasite resemblance might help to safeguard hosts� individual fitness by signaling the birds to expel mistletoe seeds on other uninfected hosts (Atsatt, 1979). Moreover, the hosts and parasite follow individual developmental scheduling of events under which the parasite might experience an influence from a firm epigenetic hormonal control on leaf size and shape thus evolving the mimicry or resemblance to the host(). List of hosts: Loranthaceous parasites were known in India since 1885 and until then only 35 species were known. Specifically for D.falcata from among the earliest of the reports, 268 host species have been known to be under the clutch of the deadly hemiparasite (Ravindranath and Narsimha Rao, 1959), and shortly later B.Singh (1962) reported its parasitic relation with over 300 hosts reported in India, Pakistan, Southeast Asia, and northern Australia. Until 1993, a report by Shaw III depicts a global increase of host range to 401. In Indian tropics 37 species of tree have been reported as the favourite hosts for D.falcata (Ghosh et al., 2002). Due to the ever increasing host range (Sridhar and Rama Rao, 1978) currently it is difficult to draw a margin between the more and less common host genera. Vectors for seed dispersal and pollination: Seed dispersal as well as pollination is usually mediated by the birds that thrive on fruits from the parasite and/or host. Particularly in southern India, Tickel�s Flowerpecker which is also named as Pale-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrohynchos, Latham) is reported to facilitate seed dispersal of D. falcata among Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss. belonging to Meliaceae) through fecal excretions or regurgitations (Karunaichamy et al, 1999; Hambali, 1977 and references therein). The mistletoe bird also eats insects and therefore has a grinding gizzard. When eating the mistletoe berry the bird is able to close the gizzard and the toxic seeds are usually swallowed as a whole and are shunt through their gut in about 3-4 minute (Murphy et al., 1993) and because the seed has a sticky coating, to get rid of the seed the bird applies its vent to the edges of the host tree branches and may turn around whereby the seed then sticks onto the branch where it may subsequently germinate (Ali, 1931; Ali 1932; Davidar, 1985). These birds also act as vectors for pollination in the hemi-parasite whose flowers bear a mechanism that causes pollen to explosively spray on the plumage of the visiting flowerpeckers (Karunaichamy et al., 1999; Vidal-Russell and Nickrent, 2008). Studies conducted in the higher altitudes of Western Ghats (where both the mistletoes and the flowerpeckers occur predominantly), which parallel the western coast of India infer that the flowerpecker pollinated mistletoes have particularly developed feature specialized to attract a unique vector both to facilitate pollination and seed dispersal: the fruit and flowers have similar resemblance and more significantly, the fruiting time overlap with the next flowering season (Davidar, 1983). Hair-crested Drongo or Spangled Drongo (Dicrurus hottentottus) is an Asian bird of the family Dicruridae and sunbirds (family=Nectariniidae) also known to feed on the nectar from the D.falcata flowers also adds to the list of pollinators to this mistletoe (Kunwar et al, 2005 and references therein). Phytochemistry: Results for the preliminary tests in phytochemical screening analyses using ethanolic extract of the whole plant reports the presence of carbohydrates, glycosides, steroids, tanninsParasitic Plants and Their Hosts: Types and Characteristics