Widener University How the Internet of Things Built the Perfect Smart Home Discussion
Widener University How the Internet of Things Built the Perfect Smart Home Discussion.
I’ll provide the documents that you’ll need to use along with the topic I’ll give you my strategy and the data generation method that I’m going to be using.Structure your thinking about your research topic and the process you’re going to undertake to carry out your research project and write 4 college-level, grammatically correct paragraphs that addresses each of the questions below:What research strategies will you use?What data generation methods will you use?How will you analyze your data?How will you evaluate your research?Addressing these questions may involve you reviewing the chapters in your textbook that have to do with research strategies and data generation methods.Research StrategyChapterSurvey7Design & Creation8Experiment9Case Study10Action Research11Ethnography12Data Generation MethodsChapterInterviews13Observations14Questionnaires15Documents16
Widener University How the Internet of Things Built the Perfect Smart Home Discussion
Intelligent Lighting Control Using Android Application
essay writing help Divya Srinivasan, N.R.Raajan, Jayakumar V.K, Manonmani P Abstract: In this era where smartness is the key, automatic systems are preferred over manual ones. An important application of smart technology is efficient energy utilization, which is the need of the hour. Energy consumption can be minimized by turning off lights when they are not required, optimizing lighting levels to suit workers and by embracing green technology. One simple way to reduce carbon footprint is the usage of a lighting control system which delivers light as per the requirements and avoid unnecessary wastage. In this paper, a lighting control system using an android application has been proposed. Android is one of the widely used open source mobile platform and the user base is growing faster day by day. As more people are using smart phones, controlling light using an android application is cheaper, easier and cost effective. Keywords: Light control, Arduino board, GSM/GPRS module, Relay board, Android application I. INTRODUCTION Reducing energy consumption and increasing user comfort have always been main objectives of any intelligent building in today’s scenario. Meeting these two demands is a complex task. This paper presents an effective way to reduce energy utilization and increase user comfort. In this paper, Arduino, a microcontroller is used. It is an open-source embedded platform where one can write programs and run it using hardware. Arduinos have the ability to sense the environment by getting input from different sensors and it can control its surroundings by controlling light, motors etc. The communication between a smart phone and microcontroller is established through a GSM/GPRS module. A GSM/GPRS module is same as that of the normal mobile phone and it needs a SIM card to communicate. It does the job of a normal mobile phone. This type of communication is called Machine to Machine (M2M) communication. What it means is that both wired and wireless systems are allowed to interact with other devices. It enables the flow of data between machines and finally between humans and machines. Irrespective of the nature of the data or machine, information flows in the same way, which is starts from a machine .Then it passes over a network and then through a checkpoint or gate to a system where it can be evaluated and acted upon. The aim of the M2M hardware is to provide an interface between the machine and the network. This paper deals with this M2M communication. Work to be done by the end user is very simple. Wireless communication makes human life easier and simpler. And especially with mobile, everything is instant and reachable. The block diagram of the proposed system is shown in fig 1. Fig 1.General Block Diagram II. GSM MODEMS GSM modems are much like GSM devices which helps in providing GSM functionality according to our needs. A complete phone can be built using a GSM modem but that would be a waste of important resources like time, which is of the essence, and money, because a phone would work out to be more cost effective. DTMF can help us control remotely, but DTMF (Dual Tone Multi Frequency signaling) in the aspects of monitoring has its own limitations.In these cases GSM modems can really be helpful. GSM modems can play a key role in projects which requires Remote Monitoring and Control. In this way Machine to Machine communication can be established. Pre-defined commands can be used to control GSM modems by sending them serially. These pre-defined commands are known as AT commands. In this paper the focus is on messaging only. AT commands also known as theHayes commands, is a specific command languageactually developed for theHayesSmartmodem. The command set comprises of a series of short text strings that combine together to give complete commands for operations like dialing of numbers, call termination and the required parameter changes of the connection network. The Hayes command set is one of the most commonly used and is available in numerous variations. III. HAYES COMMANDS Some basic commands which are required to perform basic telephony operations are mentioned below Messaging Set Message Type as Text –AT CMGF=1 Set Message Destination Number
Concepts of similarity and complementarity in romantic relationships
Concepts of similarity and complementarity in romantic relationships. Once upon a time, John met Jenny. They fell in love. They married, had children and presumably will live happily ever after. This is a common love story, and leads us to wonder why people become attracted to each other. Is it because they are similar? Research (Byrne, 1971) has shown that people are attracted to those immediately similar to them and this could lead to marriage. However, arguments for complementarity contend that opposites do indeed attract, and this attraction would also lead to long-term relationship and marriage. Such views are further reinforced by research like that of Shiota and Levenson (2007), which suggest that complementary couples are more satisfied in the long run. Thus, this essay seeks to evaluate the concepts of ‘similarity’ and ‘complementarity’, analysing the relevant researches in the context of a romantic heterosexual relationship. Whilst there are many theories given on the process of mate selection, of particular interest is the recent emergence of the popular notion that ‘opposites attract’. However, this idea is open to interpretation, because it is expected that if a couple is not alike, they would tend to have more conflict, which will reduce the quality of their relationship (PieternelConcepts of similarity and complementarity in romantic relationships
Crime And Punishment Extraordinary Crimes English Literature Essay
“‘You’re a gentleman,’ they used to say to him. ‘You shouldnt have gone murdering people with a hatchet; thats no occupation for a gentleman.'” – Crime and Punishment. Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was the second youngest of seven children. Their noble family lived within the depths of the poverty-stricken Moscow, but young Fyodor’s childhood could be described as a happy one. They lived under the rule of a despotic father and a frail mother, who both died when Fyodor was still in his teenage years (Liukkonen). In any case, Dostoevsky’s early life, and whole life in general, was filled with complications, which directly interacted with the works he produced in his later life. In Crime and Punishment, the protagonist, Raskolnikov, describes himself as an “extraordinary man”, who can consequently transgress accepted moral standards for the greater good of society. However, Dostoevsky did not intend to create a “superman” in his novel, but he intended to create a fool to mock the people who believe they have the right to act like extraordinary men. Through Dostoevsky’s personal experiences, he wrote Crime and Punishment to satirize those people in society and to emphasize that their ultimate fate is to be taught a lesson of knowing their rightful place and the bounds they are constrained to. Dostoevsky did not want to disprove the theory of an extraordinary man itself, but rather to clarify it as a possibility- a rare one. The rarity of such a situation is presented in Raskolnikov’s speech to Porfiry: “People with new ideas, people with the faintest capacity for saying something new, are extremely few in number, extraordinarily so, in fact” (245). As he speaks, he constantly looks to the ground as if remembering a memorized poem and unaware what he is implicating. Raskolnikov also fails to realize that his explanation of ordinary men playing at extraordinary describes himself, “for they never go very far. Of course, they might have a thrashing sometimes for letting their fancy run away with them and to teach them their place, but no more; in fact, even this isn’t necessary as they castigate themselves, for they are very conscientious: some perform this service for one another and others chastise themselves with their own hands” (245). The detachment of the speech not only renders the validity of Raskolnikov being an extraordinary man false, but it can also be interpreted as being the voice of Dostoevsky himself. Dostoevsky understands the cycle very well because he too experienced it in his own life. Raskolnikov’s argument for justifying his crime, is that “all great men or even men a little out of the common, that is to say capable of giving some new word, must from their very nature be criminals- more or less, of course” (242). Dostoevsky once believed that he had some “new word” to spread amongst the people and he thought it was allowed to surpass and break the norm of the current society. “During the regency of Tsar Nikolay I (1825-1855) the Enlightment was an invectiveâ€¦ The official line was that of orthodoxy, autocracy and nationality”. Dostoevsky strongly opposed censorship and serfhood, and was known to be a “stout defender of monarchy”. He joined the Petrashevsky Circle, a group of young radical intellectuals attempting to spread their opinions, but all were sentenced to death a while later (Timur). Dostoevsky’s precarious actions strictly define his belief that he was superior in society, which later led him to produce what is classified as Russia’s first “social novel”. However, after multiple sufferings in his later life, he grasped onto Redemption and was taught the ultimate lesson. Crime and Punishment was not the only novel where Dostoevsky used a “Raskolnikov” character. One of the significant flaws in his characters were that “through [the] despair and weakness before the weight of misfortune, they falter and commit barbaric acts that render them unfit to operate within the context of humanity” (Toutonghi). The theory of an extraordinary man is completely subjective, so Dostoevsky uses his view of an extraordinary man to satirize those who presume they are extraordinary when they are just ordinary. He attributes different adjectives describing the word “extraordinary” to prove his approach. First, Dostoevsky uses the word for the fantastic and the unreal. Dreams are depicted to have “a singular actuality, vividness and extraordinary semblance of reality” (52). Later, “Extraordinary” is related to the conception of random coincidence when the narrator says “Of course it was a chance, but he could not shake off a very extraordinary impressionâ€¦” (53-54). “Extraordinary” is then indicated with drowsiness and stupefaction, “And his drowsiness and stupefaction were followed by an extraordinary, feverish, as it were distracted haste” (66). Razumikhin describes Raskolnikov’s escape while he was delirious as extraordinary, as if Raskolnikov’s sickness and simultaneous ability to act makes him extraordinary (236) (Fox). Throughout the novel, the word “extraordinary” appears to challenge the idea that Raskolnikov is an extraordinary man. The word is constantly being expressed by abnormal qualities, and close to states of delirium. Dostoevsky persists to tell the readers that those who believe they are extraordinary think and act like this because they are delirious, dreaming, drunk, sick, or because they perceive chance as something they hold the power to construct. It is evident that Dostoevsky perceives that extraordinary men do not think about being extraordinary because it cannot be known: “the same masses set these criminals [the extraordinary men] on a pedestal in the next generation and worship themâ€¦ The first category is always the [ordinary] man of the present, the second the [extraordinary] man of the future” (243). This passage can be portrayed that extraordinary men do not dwell on thinking if they are extraordinary or not, but rather they “move the world towards the future” (243). When Raskolnikov speaks to Razumikhin, he admits that he did not write anything new, “You see that there is nothing particularly new in all that. The same thing has been printed and read a thousand times before” (243) (Fox). It is the same thing as admitting he is not extraordinary and he is somewhat aware of it, but fears to consider it a possibility. Dostoevsky’s beliefs that he was once extraordinary were countered by his later experiences in his life. When he was sentenced to death for “treachery” against his home country, he was prepared for death, but the sentence was reprieved during the last minutes before his execution and transformed into 4 years of hard labor in Siberia (Liukkonen). “In a letter to his brother Andrey, Dostoevsky wrote: ‘…I consider those four years as a time during which I was buried alive and shut up in a coffin. Just how horrible that time was I have not the strength to tell you…it was an indescribable, unending agony, because each hour, each minute weighed upon my soul like a stone'” (Timur). Dostoevsky was considered a “nobleman” compared to the peasants in the prison, so he was completely isolated from all others. He described to his brother how harsh and malicious the other men were compared to him, “These men were coarse, irritable and malicious. Their hatred of the nobility knew no limits, and so they received us noblemen with hostility and a gleeful schadenfreude [pleasure derived from misfortune of others].” “If they had had half a chance they would have devoured us…the only thing that saved us from this misery was our equanimity, our moral superiority, which they could not help but comprehend and which they respected as a sign that we were not subservient to their will.” And after prison, Dostoevsky went to serve as a private in the Siberian Army (Timur ; Toutonghi). Perhaps through these sufferings, Dostoevsky realized how naÃ¯ve he was and noticed that, in fact, he was quite similar to those in lower classes. Serving prison time with them as well as fighting alongside them in the army changed his “extraordinary man”/ superior attitude, and it inspired him to write Crime and Punishment to teach others as well as redeeming his guilt from his naivety in his younger years. Another reason for the creation of the character Raskolnikov was due to the deaths of his older brother and his first wife while he was traveling Europe. He was obsessed with gambling, plagued by debts left by his brother, and had frequent epileptic seizures (Toutonghi). This further encouraged his hatred against his own naivety, and allowed for the release of frustration into the character of Raskolnikov. Raskolnikov does not have a great cause for his crime, a fact that keeps him ordinary. He lacks the essential characteristics of an extraordinary man and that is necessary to ironically depict him as an extraordinary man when he really is delirious, drunk, sick, and abnormal. Dostoevsky was the same when he began his first novel and joined the Petrashevsky Circle. He believed that his superiority could allow him to change the ideas of many and allow for a “Napoleonic” personality. Not to say that Dostoevsky did not shape the socialistic views of the twentieth century, because he most certainly did and he inspired great writers like Franz Kafka. But. to believe he was extraordinary went against his ideals later present through his experiences of prison, the army, and the deaths of his loved ones. Dostoevsky’s focus was to retell what he learned with a similar character by satirizing the people who believe they are “extraordinary men” and to teach the lesson of knowing life boundaries. It is to make such people reflect and, in reflecting, learn their ordinary place in the world, much like Raskolnikov does.