Format: Around 1000 words, MLA format
You are Mohammad S. Sabban- Lead Negotiator for Saudi Arabia. Your objective is to oppose any treaty that will reduce the market for oil produced in the Persian Gulf. Your goal is to prevent a treaty from being approved. ***Details attached***
Write a paper providing arguments supporting your objectives. This essay is empirical.
•Acceptable evidence: facts known in 2009 OR from any class reading (write as it it was published pre-2009)
•Good research sources:
–Sources cited in historical background section of game book (129-52) ***ATTACHED***
–Sources listed in your role sheet ***ATTACHED***
–Further sources listed in gamebook pages 162-3 ***ATTACHED***
How to write a good treaty:
The strongest possible treaty would be legally binding and enforceable by international courts
•A political treaty merely indicates a commitment, with no consequence for non-compliance other than bad publicity
•Gamebook mentions the possibility of a tariff imposed on country that signs but fails to comply
•See gamebook 154
•Strong transparency: detailed reporting of all emission, inventory of forests and land use, strong accounting of money given to developing countries for mitigation etc.
•Monitored by independent body
•Weak transparency: only aggregate reporting
•Very weak transparency: no reporting
•See gamebook 155
SAMPLE PAPER ATTACHED. PLEASE TAKE A LOOK!
In-game Essay: Your role is the Lead negotiator for Saudi Arabia and oppose any treaty that will reduce the market for oil produced in the Persian Gulf
Reaction Papers – The class will also be graded for credit (and provide me feedback) via short reaction papers – (these are 1page, typed, double-spaced, discussion assignments will be due, emailed to me, on the dates announced below) – Do not attempt to summarize the whole of a reading in your reaction paper. These will analyze a short problem area in our reading of your choosing, but also give me an opportunity to see where each student’s interests and approaches lie for the essay assignments. On these papers you are to choose a particular concept, idea, or argument from our readings, that interests you to discuss critically (why you disagree), or constructively (why you are convinced or see the strength of the view), or comparatively (point out the similarities and differences between theorists). A targeted, particular analysis is sought of a section, idea, or comparative place. These are for credit assignments2) Plato – Apology- http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/apology.html3) Plato – Crito – http://www.pitt.edu/~mthompso/readings/crito.pdf
Have to read then talk about your point of view
Citing specific examples, defend or refute one of the following statements:
Question: The Mongol Invasions of the 13th Century CE positively impacted humanity
Positive argument: The Mongolian Expedition organically linked Eurasia for the first time and promoted cultural and economic exchanges.
Negative argument: Mongolia destroyed a large number of countries and cities during the Western Expedition, bringing indelible pain to the civilization of Central Asia and Eastern Europe.
I will provide you with a essay, please follow the pattern of this essay
The Conquest of Mongo Empire: The Art of Destroy or Build?
IST 535 CIU Project Procurement & Stakeholder Management Discussion
IST 535 CIU Project Procurement & Stakeholder Management Discussion.
Chapter 12: Project Procurement ManagementChapter 13: Project Stakeholder ManagementsRead the opening case on page 496. This case had risks as well as stakeholder issues. You will need to analyze both in this assignment. Research some best practices for both in the LIRN. You need to have at least 3 resources in your paper that are appropriately cited in APA format with in-text citations and referencing.Complete the Risk Register and the Stakeholder Strategy Templates in the student resources in the Additional Materials. You may also click here to obtain these templates. You will need to address her procurement strategy in your paper as well.After you have completed the templates to submit with your paper, write a 4-5 page paper in APA format (not including the cover page and reference page). Please click here to view the criteria by which you will be assessed for the achievement of the CLO for this unit. Please use the APA Sample provided in in the student resources to complete your assignment.Make sure that your paper addresses the following:Prepare a procurement management plan, statement of work, source selection criteria, and make-or-buy analysis.Describe strategies for obtaining seller responses, selecting sellers, and awarding contracts.What is the process of closing procurements?Create a stakeholder register, and perform a stakeholder analysis.Discuss the stakeholder management plan.Manage stakeholder engagement and discuss how to use an issue log effectively.Do you think the many communications options available are helping or hurting stakeholder communications and engagement? What can you do to use technologies effectively with various stakeholders?
IST 535 CIU Project Procurement & Stakeholder Management Discussion
Project Team Leadership Presentation
custom essay Project Team Leadership Presentation.
Use the same company/project idea you used in this week’s assignment. (Upgrading CPA Firm RPR Partners, LLC to electronic filing)Prepare a visual presentation for the project sponsor and other executives of the company that describes the team structure for the project.Submit a 10- to 15-slide presentation with speaker notes for each slide and include the following:The fundamentals of team structureThe stage model of team development that will be usedThe stages in the life cycle of the projectThe team leadership needed at each stageThe roles of the project leader in team management (internal and external)
Project Team Leadership Presentation
Value and Growth Stocks Differences Essay
Growth and value are two of the most important factors that govern the process of choosing stocks for investment purposes. The two main types of investing include value investing and growth investing (Scilitani, 2001). Value investors look for companies that are undervalued while growth investors look for companies that have positive projections for high revenues. It is important to understand the difference between growth stocks and value stocks before diving into the world of investing in stocks. The main difference between the two types of stocks is the method used to determine their value by evaluating the past and future performance of mother companies. Growth investing is based on a company’s past, while value investing is based on a company’s future (Scilitani, 2001). Differences between growth and value stocks One of the most critical factors involved in identifying growth stocks is the expansion rate of a company, as well as its projected increase in revenue. Therefore, growth stocks are associated with companies whose revenues are projected to increase at a rate above the market average (Scilitani, 2001). In many cases, these stocks possess high price-to-earnings ratios. In addition, they have high price-to-book ratios. The price-to-earnings ratio is computed by dividing the current market value of a share by the share’s earnings in the past year (Scilitani, 2001). On the other hand, the price-to-book ratio refers to the current market value of a stock divided by its current book value. In open financial markets, high value is usually placed on growth stocks because they are usually more valuable and appealing to investors when compared to value stocks. Growth stocks are identified by looking at the earnings and rates of growth of companies. Harsh economic times affect the earnings of companies. However, growth companies implement strategies that guarantee high earnings despite tough financial times. In contrast, value stocks refer to stocks whose current market price or valuation does not reflect their real value because they are underpriced (Scilitani, 2001). In addition, they have low price-to-book ratios, and their pricing is low compared to their replacement and liquidation values. Examples include stocks of companies that have low price to earnings ratios and high dividend yields. These stocks generally trade at prices lower than those of related fundamentals, such as earnings and dividends (Scilitani, 2001). Value investors choose these stocks because many markets ignore their low ratios that fail to reflect the real intrinsic values of different companies. Growth investors consider a company’s financial past, while value investors consider a company’s financial future. The process of investing in value stocks involves the identification of a firm’s intrinsic value by determining its return on equity and the rate of revenue growth. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Value investing is based on the belief that market prices do not accurately represent the true value of a company (Scilitani, 2001). For instance, the stock of a new company could be underpriced because of investors’ lack of confidence in its management. Low pricing of stock could mislead investors because it could have originated from temporary organizational problems that have insignificant effects on a firm’s profitability or revenue. Both types of stocks play critical roles in financial portfolios because they run in cycles and carry different financial risks. Therefore, including both types in a portfolio helps to manage risk and improve financial returns in the long-term (Scilitani, 2001). Examples of growth and value stocks The NASDAQ Stock Market is the largest stock market in the United States. One of the most promising growth stocks in the NASDAQ is Google. Google went public in 2004, and since then, it has experienced rapid growth that has elevated it to one of the largest companies based on market capitalization. Currently, its stock is third in terms of valuation, only lagging behind Apple Inc. and Exxon. The company is projected to occupy the first spot in the future by becoming the largest with regard to market capitalization. The company’s top-line growth is vigorous, mainly due to its involvement in new markets and innovation. Its annual earnings continue to grow at a rate of more than 20% (Sander
Relationship Between Economy and Urban Development in Singapore
Relationship between economy and urban development in Singapore (It’s still the economy, stupid! Critically discuss the extent that the economy still dominates thinking about urban development.) Introduction Singapore is one of the leading countries in many aspects of economy, education, architecture, development and wealth. In this essay the argument will be about the advantages and disadvantages of the rapid economic growth. The effect and implementation of neoliberalist ideas and the healthy way of the government power. Try to give answer to the question, why we need free trades, what are the benefits from it, for the economy and for the urban development? In the other hand, why we have to give power to the government too and where is the balance between privatization and nationalization? In general neoliberalism approach in economy, is promote the privatization deregulation and one of the most important is the free trade. (Hackworth, 2017). In case of Singapore, neoliberalism ideology is partly arrived right after they became independent country and its journey, to the top of the world countries, started. The only difference is, the government party has the only power in the country and decide what can be privatized and what not. Nowadays, even though they hold the full power in decisions, they saw the opportunities and advantages of foreigner investors and the help what they can provide for the country. In this essay, the advantages for economy and development will be showed and analysed in separate paragraphs as the disadvantages of these two areas. Opportunities and advantages in Singapore For the Economy Right after the country became independent in 1965, enormous part of the population lived in poverty and been uneducated. But the development in the country GDP was extremely rapid. (Menon 2007, p. 1). The People’s Action Party (PAP) take encouragement to develop the national economy and build up a strong nation after the independence, even though the party started to be formed before independence. Between 1959 and the early 1970s they built a single-party dominate state, so its means that, they do not have to face any opposition in the Parliament what can affect their operation. (Chua 2007) Even though, they have the power till nowadays, they never used it above economy, and never take everything under control of the government. They tried to balance between privatisation and governmental power. They saw the opportunities and huge advantages in the free trade market, and thanks for that, their economy started to grow faster than anyone expected. After they lost the Malaysian market, at the very same time when they become independent from them, they were ready to open their market space for the whole world. (Beng, 2011) In the glory of a huge new market and a lot of fresh investors, Singapore became one of the most successful country in the world in such a short amount of time. Also, because they became a charming place for investors and huge companies with their new open-minded market they get a huge amount of money which flows into the countries money veins and give a boost for the economy. Which gave a reliable and safe ground for developments, planning, and encouraging the government in many ways to develop not just the city but the country too. Even though biggest part of the population lived in the city of Singapore. Parallel with the fast economic development the lifestyle of the population changed rapidly too, and homelessness and poverty nearly disappeared in the whole country. Which means that thanks for the economy, planning and urbanization, was successful and the wealth could begin to grow. 1965-Indipendency For the Development A sustainable city is, where every individual in the city can meet their own needs, and to reach their well-being without making any damage in the surrounding nature and or other people. (Girardet 2001) For every city in the world sustainability is an important factor in this rapidly changing world. As fast is the growth in a city as fast has to adapt the changes and become more and more sustainable as it possible. In case of Singapore, there is no question that they have to face with this challenge everyday and find the best solution in the shortest time. In case of Singapore, 70% of the land owned by the government, (Urban Redevelopment Authority, 1995, p. 5) Which means it is make much more easier to the government to take action in developing lands. They are able to make sure, as a government, that in most of the cases, foreigner investors plane is suitable and acceptable for the city and for the area and also provide a sustainability. As in general the target of the government of Singapore, is develop the city into an excellent tropical city which is favours international investors. (Urban Redevelopment Authority, 1991, p. 11). They provide this with, the improvement in the living and working conditions which also means the rise in the quality of life. Also, the government try to provide enough land for development, to keep up the economic growth and other infrastructural developments. Because if there are investors whose brings money into the country, its means with that they provide the economy to go on and grow. Plans in Singapore are based and regulated by two huge instruments. One is the statutory Master plan and the other one is long-range Concept Plan. (Foo, 1992) While the first one is controls and rules the private sectors development the second one is regulating the development made by public sector. Since the Master Plan was formed, they updated it several times and the last version was proposed in 1990. (Urban Redevelopment Authority, 1993) Because of the fast urbanization and the rapid development of the city, the plan couldn’t keep up, it has been forced to adapt a new planning system. In this new system, the Concept Plan has a huge role and more control over the ideas. It is proposing and views a long-term use of a land and try to find a strategy development idea. It is including the ideas of improvement in quality of environment and life, also, trying to keep up and be competitive in economic growth. Support development in the economy and provide mobility for goods and people. (Koon, 1995) In the latest Urban Redevelopment Authority (2001) the plan was focused on the city centre and a development of a new financial district in the hope that it will get the “Global city” status for Singapore and be a global financial hub. (Urban Redevelopment Authority, 2001) In the long term the reviewed plan is supporting the dynamic ideas which are also easily liveable during the night time in the city. They also wanted to form a city as a satisfying city for art lovers. The biggest development and investment for it, was the reopening of the National Museum of Singapore in 2006. Disadvantages for Singapore’s Economy Based on the precious figures about Singapore, the huge amount of constant growth in its GDP, we would say that nothing could be bad in that economy and in that’s system, but like every other good and precious thing, this one also has its own drawbacks. First of all, like it was said before, their economy highly based on foreigners’ investments and their willing to come to Singapore and invest their money in that city. What is a danger for Singapore is, if another new market place appears and take away the investment s form them. We could say, if the Singaporean government make wrong decision about any changes in economic proposals or regulations, it could mean that the whole economy and their market with income of money would collapse. Which could be a disaster. (Beng, 2011) Even if they are making changes in policies and regulations, they have to take careful action and have to analyse the scenarios in a wide range. Although, we would think there were no bumps in the history of the economy, we have to be proved wrong. Singapore faced some crisis not just in economy but also in political life too. But, all in these cases the government was engaged to find the right solution before it is become way bigger problem what clout cause a massive damage to the country and its economy (Dale, 2008). The biggest advantage for Singapore is the globalization of manufacturing. In the beginning of t its economic growth Singapore was one of the first target for companies whose production plan includes low-cost manufacturing. But after a decade it’s started to change and instead of low cost manufacturing the main character of Singapore swapped to a centre of high-technology society. (Dale, 2008) Which means, they had to face the problem of the huge investment loss of labour manufacturing. Therefore, Singapore was forced to find a solution in collaboration with the surrounding countries, like Indonesia and Malaysia. (Dale, 2008). The end result of this agreement is, Singapore became the business centre of the region and on small Indonesian and Malaysian islands took over the labour-based manufactures. So while the other countries doing the cheap work, Singapore managed to keep its head above the water and keep its position as a financial centre. Disadvantage for development in Singapore To summarise the fast economy growth is not really have a bad effect on the urban planning and development side of the country, in case of Singapore. This is possible because the government makes the right decisions and provide enough sources for developers. In the very beginning of the independency, Singapore was facing serious housing problem, but as the PAP recognised the seriousness of the issue , they focused on to find a fast and efficient solution for it. And after a couple of years, the problem been solved and since then they haven’t faced any serious issues in this sector. (Dale, 2008) Conclusion To sum up, the relationship between economy and urban planning, in Singapore’s case is really simple. Because the economy is perfectly running, it can provide a safe financial base for urban planning and different types of developments. But it is not mean that everything in a safe hand. I would say that, because the government has a lot of power in its hand and it could be dangerous, although it’s look like they find the perfect balance between power and foreigner sources. Also, in the other hand, because Singapore’s wealth and economy growth mostly based on international trades, and investors, if this will end or reduced in a significant amount the country could end up in serious troubles, if they cannot find a fast and efficient solution. So right now, life is blooming in Singapore and become one of the biggest leather cities in the world, but the question still remain, what if there will be a significant change in the economy and lost their resource power ? Refences Hackworth, J (2007) The Neoliberal City. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Chapter 1 Menon, Sudha V. (2007): Governance, leadership and economic growth in Singapore, MPRA Paper, No. 4741 Chua Beng Huat (2007) Political culturalism: representation and the People’s Action Party of Singapore. Democratization 14(5), 911–27. Beng Huat, Chua. (2011). Singapore as Model: Planning Innovations, Knowledge Experts. Worlding Cities: Asian Experiments and the Art of being Global. 27-54. Girardet Herbert (2001) Creating sustainable cities: the green books for the Schumacher Society, Devon Urban Redevelopment Authority, 1995, Urban Redevelopment Authority (1995) Changing the Face of Singapore through the URA Sale of Sites. Urban Redevelopment Authority, Singapore Urban Redevelopment Authority (1993) Master Plan Written Statement 1993, The Planning Act (Cap 232, Revised Ed. 1990). Urban Redevelopment Authority, Singapore Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) (2001) Concept Plan 2001. Singapore Foo, A. F. (1992) Planning process: implementation, coordination and control in the city-state of Singapore. School of Architecture Journal, National University of Singapore, Singapore, pp. 103–118 Koon, H.C. (1995) Urban land use planning in Singapore: towards a tropical city of excellence. In Environment and the City, ed. Ooi, G. L. The Institute of Policy Studies, Times Academic Press, pp. 109–128 Dale, O.J.J., 2008. Sustainable city centre development: The Singapore city centre in the context of sustainable development. In Spatial Planning for a Sustainable Singapore. Springer Netherlands, pp. 31–57.