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In Chapter Two of The IT Professional’s Business and Communications Guide there are seven scenarios illustrating how you can interact with a variety of individuals in a professional environment. Pick one of the scenarios, clearly identify it in your paper

In Chapter Two of The IT Professional’s Business and Communications Guide there are seven scenarios illustrating how you can interact with a variety of individuals in a professional environment. Pick one of the scenarios, clearly identify it in your paper. I’m working on a Management exercise and need support.

In Chapter Two of The IT Professional’s Business and Communications Guide there are seven scenarios illustrating how you can interact with a variety of individuals in a professional environment. Pick one of the scenarios, clearly identify it in your paper and discuss why you picked that scenario and if you have used any of the tactics noted in the chapter.

– Paper should be of 3-4 pages length
– APA Format
– Absolutely No plagiarism
– Whatever is written using any resources please cite them..My professor is very strict on citation.
– Before proceeding with writing its mandatory to refer chapter two of IT Professional’s Business and Communications Guide
In Chapter Two of The IT Professional’s Business and Communications Guide there are seven scenarios illustrating how you can interact with a variety of individuals in a professional environment. Pick one of the scenarios, clearly identify it in your paper

HRM 340 Grantham University Online Job Search Essay.

A well-developed resume remains an essential element of successfully obtaining a job. This is a multi-part assignment.Part 1: Conduct resarch and write a 1 page paper. Instructions include:Online Job Search – Conduct an online job search and identify a position you might be interested in applying for. In your paper, discuss your online search and how you went about finding the position.Also, describe the job and how your background matches the requirements of the position. (Minimum length of 1 page).[Notes: If you’re in the military and have no plans of discharging in the near future, focus on a civilian job that you would like to transition into following your military career. If your circumstances do not allow you to work, consider volunteer activities within your community that you would like to be a part of.]Part 2: Develop and write a 1-2 page resume.Write a 1-2 page resume, designed to compete for the position you researched and chose in Part 1 of this assignment. Your finished product (research and resume) should be a total of 2-3 pages in length.Include a title sheet.
HRM 340 Grantham University Online Job Search Essay

The need for strategy in driving growth. The word strategy has be defined by different authors in different ways. As described by Mintzberg ( ) Strategy is one of the “five P’s – Plan, Ploy, Pattern, Position or Perspective. As discussed by Whittington (1993, p2), “there are four approaches to strategy, 1. Classical or the Idealistic View 2. Evolutionary or the Ruthlessly Market Driven View 3. Processual or the Pragmatic View 4. Systemic or Relativistic Approach” Different theories/institutions perceive strategy in different perspective. According to the Classical theory, Strategy is Plan and/or Position, Processual School perceive it as a Pattern, Evolutionist as perspective. But in real world situation, Strategy needs mix of these in some way or other, like the Umbrella Strategy, where the broader objectives are deliberately planned and the others are allowed to evolve/emerge”. In this work, i will be concentrating more on the Classical and the Processual Theory, which are the most debated of all these views and in brief about how the other two views . 4. STRATEGY – DEVELOPMENTThe need for strategy in driving growth
Principles of Fairness in Taxation. Is it true to say that some forms of taxation are fairer than others? How might the present taxation system in the UK be improved to make it fairer? Ideas about the fairness of systems of taxation will always be subjective. Whilst wanting to enjoy the protection of the state and other benefits that taxation can provide, few citizens will be as keen to pay their taxes. There is little argument against the principle that taxes should be paid – the more difficult question is what constitutes a fair tax system? Adam Smith was one of the first economists to try and address the issue. He devised four principles for a fair tax system: that citizens ought to make a financial contribution to the state according to their own income and ability to do so; that taxes should be certain rather than arbitrary; that the collection of taxes should be done at a time and in a manner that is convenient for the taxpayer and; that taxes should be kept as low as possible and involve as little time and expense to the taxpayer as is possible. In a more modern setting, Smith’s principles can be summarised as equity, certainty, convenience and efficiency.[1] Equity of taxes is perhaps the most important of the principles. The Poll tax protests of the early 90s show what public reaction can be like if a tax is widely believed to be unfair and the Council Tax in place today continues to court controversy. The tax forces people on low incomes to pay out up to thousands of pounds a year in tax, with rates often dictated by central government. It is also unfair as the levels of council tax can vary greatly according to the efficiency of their local council. People on the same income living in different areas of the country can have vastly different council tax bills, with no great difference in the quality of their local services. Again, it appears to be the poorest that suffer – the poorest in the UJ pay four times as much as the rich as a proportion of income.[2] A contrary argument in respect of council tax however is that taxation should be agreed more at a local level when possible. 96% of taxes in the UK are levied centrally [3] More flexibility for local councils and the involvement of local people into taxation and spending decisions could help ensure that local needs are better met. Central Government cannot always make the correct local decisions and communities need to have the capacity to respond to local issues. There is certainly evidence that the UK tax system as whole is unfair and weighted so that the poor have a proportionately larger tax burden than the rich. Looking at all taxes paid, the poorest 20% of the UK population pay 42% of their income in taxes as opposed to 34% paid by the richest 20%.[4] The administration of a tax system should also be fair and efficient. Whilst self-assessment in the UK has helped improve this to some extent, a large part of the administrative tax burden in the UK is still with the taxpayer and this is unfair. Also, with a complex tax system, administration becomes even more expensive with small businesses in particular having to find funds for tax experts to conduct their tax affairs. Fair taxation also entails that citizens have a good understanding of the taxes that they have to pay and that the legislation for taxation is clearly defined. Poorly written legislation will always be open to misinterpretation and accusations of unfairness. Some taxes in the UK, such as corporation tax or VAT are often misinterpreted and this can again be seen as unfair on those who pay more simply because they do not have their own tax expert to make the most of the legislation for them. The confusion amongst UK taxpayers as to how and when they pay their taxes is clearly a weakness in the system. A summary of the principle taxes collected in the UK is required in assessing the fairness of the UK’s system. There are three types of tax base within the UK system; income which includes income tax and corporation tax; wealth capital which includes capital gains, inheritance tax and stamp duty and; expenditure which includes value added tax and excise duties. The income tax base that includes personal income tax and corporation tax is the tax that provides the most revenue. Total tax receipts for 2005/06 were an estimated £483 billion and income tax provided 28.1% of this income.[5] There are however arguments that current levels of personal taxation are unfair. The Tax Reform Commission for example suggests that the basic rate of income tax should be set at 20%, that the personal allowance should be increased to £7185 and that the 10% rate should be abolished altogether, something that would see 2.5 million of the lowest paid people stop paying income tax altogether. [6] Some personal allowances within the income tax system do already help in terms of equity – for example those over 65 have a personal allowance of £7090 before tax compared to a£4895 allowance for those under 65. What is clear however is that the current levels of personal taxation against the lowest paid in the UK seem inappropriately high and should be reconsidered. National Insurance is a further example of this. Like income tax it is a direct tax on earnings yet different in that that it is linked to certain social security benefits. In practice however there is little relation between National Insurance payments made and benefits received for many individual contributors. There are a number of failures in the UK’s personal taxation in terms of fairness and it is the least well off that suffer Including income tax, NI contributions and loss of tax credits, somebody working 30 hours a week on the minimum wage can pay a marginal tax rate of up to 70%, plus the likelihood of further penalties through the loss of means tested benefits.[7] The marginal tax rate is much noticeably lower for those with a higher income,. There are certainly reforms that could improve and make fairer the current personal tax system. Reduced personal taxation, increased personal allowances and a reduction of the basic rate to 20% would help with this. The abolition of tax-free employee benefits and allowances would also simplify the system and a merging of income tax and National Insurance should be considered. Capital gains tax is the primary tax collected within the wealth tax base. It is a tax levied on gains made from the disposal of assets by individuals. The timing of this tax allows planning by the taxpayer who can prevent the accruing of excess liabilities – in this respect the tax meets the requirements of certainty. It had generally been seen as one of the fairer taxes from when indexation allowance was introduced in 1965 yet this can be questioned in more recent years since the indexation allowance was abolished and taper relief. Introduced. The timing of capital gains tax is also relatively fair in that it allows taxpayers to plan their returns to prevent excess liabilities being accrued. Inheritance tax is the other principle capital tax. This is seen as an unfair tax by many of the middle classes who see it as an unjust tax on properties and savings that their parents have left for them. Inheritance tax brings in substantial funds for HM Treasury with an estimated yield of £3.3 billion[8] , yet a fairer system suggested by the Tax Reform Commission would be a shorter term capital gains tax on death excluding the family home – for many citizens liable for inheritance tax, the inclusion of property in this tax is seen as the most unfair aspect. Finally, there is scope for making business taxes in the UK fairer and more appealing to investors. The current tax rate of 19% for small companies is fairly low in comparison to international standards, yet in other areas such as relief on capital expenditure, rules on inward investment and taxation of overseas profits, UK taxes are less attractive to overseas investment. Changes to aspects of business taxes would help small businesses in particular and seem fairer to those who pay them. The complexity of business tax is also seen as unfair by many small businesses. It increases the cost of running a business – the administrative burden of tax regulation on UJ businesses currently runs at £5.1 billion, equating to 0.5% of GDP. [9] The fairness of taxation systems is a contentious issue. Some systems of taxation will always appear fairer than others, yet this will largely depend on who is paying them and the financial position of the individual. In the UK today, the burden on the lowest paid initially seems unfair, yet the richest in society will argue that a higher tax on their wealth is a disincentive to enterprise. The middle classes will see something like inheritance tax as unfair, whilst the poorest will see it as perfectly reasonable. A lower overall tax burden for UK citizens is desirable and lower tax margins for the poorest would undoubtedly make the system fairer. More radical proposals such as the introduction of a much more simplified flat tax have been mooted, yet it is improbable that such a system could meet the demand for public expenditure in the UK today. The basic principles of Adam Smith should still apply to the system of taxation in the UK today. Taxes should be fair, certain, convenient and efficient and whilst the UK system does not fully meet those criteria at present, tax reform should continue to work towards this standard. References Adam SPrinciples of Fairness in Taxation

Nursing Theories And Their Applications In The Profession

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Nursing is flourishing the health facilities, promotion, and development of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, through diagnosis and treatment of a person’s psychological and physiological behavior , and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations. (American Nurses Association (ANA).The basic perception one gets of the word nursing is to take care,it is a profession of providing care for the sick one. Nursing provides health care to the individuals and communities, thus its social importance should be recognized and should be number one public priority .A strong and intelligent person is required who should be emphatic and should be psychologically strong to aid the ill one . Earlier nursing was considered as a job to carry out the instructions of the physicians, but over the period of time, it is taken into consideration that they merely carry out the instructions of the physician. They should be trained to provide care to the patients in their own right way, whether it is the physical care or manipulation of the environment or the situation for patient’s well being. This paper will explore the historical aspects of nursing and that all patients with illness and problems require care which should be beyond any racism, socio economic disturbances, psychological or cultural differences. The first section of this paper will discuss the relationship of development of nursing theory to the profession of nursing , its influence or impact both socially and medically, also the structure of nursing reasoning would be highlighted and strategies to further substantiate this process would be discussed. Finally the essay will conclude with further developments in nursing theories to the profession. What Do We Know About the History? The history of nursing is as old as medicines, the midwife used to assist during child birth and this was considered as her prime duty. Over the period of time, the practice of nursing dramatically enhanced and also improved to great deal. In regard to roughly the first formal nursing center or the beginning of this profession,”The Sisters of Charity” (1633) was founded by St. Vincent de Paul, for taking care of people in the hospitals and asylums. The Sisters of Charity were introduced by Mother Elizabeth Seton in 1809 in America, known to be “Daughters of Charity” later. The history of nursing helps us to focus on the societal factors and the issues that might be the hindrances in this profession. In the American revolutionary war (1775-1783), the sick suffered much and women provided their nursing services and also a matron was allotted to attend to every 100 sick or wounded. The Civil War (1861-1865) played a vital role in the growth of Nursing in the United States where women provided humanitarian services both to the union and confederate armies. In the Spanish- American war (1898) potentially qualified women were appointed and this profession was taken seriously and many women signed governmental contracts some nurses even died during their duty oblivious of their own health as they were so involved in their profession. these later became the permanent corps of the Medical department (Army Reorganization Act (31 Stat. 753)).During World War I (1917-1918), almost 12,000 nurses were on active duty and served almost 198 stations and more than 400 nurses sailed to France to provide medical assistance to them. More than 200 also died during their jobs due to influenza and diphtheria. Col. Anna Mae Hays was promoted to brigadier general after attaining a Flag Rank for the first time in the history of American army on June 11, 1970, in Vietnam serving the fighting forces. Manifestation of nursing can also be seen in the Korean War (1950-1953), that served in Mobile Army Surgical Hospitals (MASH). Role played by these great human beings who served as Nurses in the History and served Humanity to the last of their breaths, was the real milestone in the formation of nursing theories that shaped into full time profession that we know today. Nursing Theories and their Applications in the Profession Now talking about the theories which throw light on the prominent role of nurses and the major impact they have on the society as a whole, Florence Nightingale (mother and founder of nursing) during civil war observed that the duty of nurse is not only to assist the physician .Considering this point of view and keeping in view its emerging need she proposed first theory of nursing that centered facilitation of body’s reparative processes by altering the surrounding environment. This theory is a stepping stone for further nursing theories. Theory of Peplau (1952) and King (1971) takes into account the importance of communicating with patients that help them to recover rapidly. Peplau states that nursing is actually a service in specific situation to facilitate patients in their natural ongoing tendencies and make the environment more suitable for recovery. It refers nursing as an educative instrument that can be used to promote constructive and productive community living.”The theory of Orlando( 1962) , Johnson’s (1968) and Rogers (1970)focuses that the client’s (patient) have certain needs that are when fulfilled, minimizes stress and provide increase competence and euphoria. This shows how a person overcomes the psychological and physiological pain in this respect the major part is done by the nurse who ought to be mentally and emotionally strong. The goal of nursing is to lessen the anxiety and provide a stress free environment to the client to move towards recovery (Johnson, 1968). Orem (1971) and Roy (1979) theories are Self-care depict theories, that state that nursing becomes important for all those patients who are unable, due to the lack of self care or relatives or family, to fulfill their human need be it biological, psychological or social. Thus nursing can be described as a humanistic aspect of life. (Watson, 1979). All these theories substantiate the efforts and the work nurses perform and that their role is equally efficient and cannot be neglected when compared to a doctor or physician. Nursing theory consists of four levels, practice level that consists of four step i.e. factor isolating, factor relating, situation relating and situation-producing control. The second level of nursing theory i.e. middle range theory focuses on research and practice, this level is highly important and is the foundation on which the capabilities of nurses depend largely. Third level of nursing theory i.e. grand theory broadens the perspective for nursing practice in the global viewpoint. The forth level of nursing theory is Meta theory, which is abstract of the experiences of nurses from around the world of different situations and structures. “To achieve the benefits of a defined body of theory in nursing a better patient care, enhanced professional status for nurses, improved communication between nurses, and guidance for research and education is required” (Nolan, 1996) Nursing theories have defined the goals and framework of nursing that is to deliver nursing care for individual, to assist the client gain his independence as rapidly as possible, and reduce his anxiety by manipulating the environment to pace up his recovery. Help client achieve maximal level of wellness and to sustain the confidence in him so that the patient is optimistic about his health and use of communication to help client to re establish adaptation to environment are the fundamental goals of nursing. Clinical Reasoning Human being have two major systems, the biological system focuses on medicine, and behavioral system focuses on nursing, in fact a nurse has to take the responsibility of both. It is the duty of the nurse to understand about patient’s problem whether it is mental or physical, from initial meeting through diagnosis, treatment, recovery or unfortunate death and should morally train the patient to face everything. This process when undergone with different situations and subjects, evolves into a clinical reasoning. Clinical reasoning is to develop a solution after applying knowledge and expertise to a certain clinical situation (Carr, S., 2004). It has its own merits and uses that help to automate awareness of their own knowledge that can be applied in the professional field to yield new developments and understandings. In nursing, clinical reasoning skills help in comprehending and the practice. Clinical reasoning form basis of research studies. These researches use processes and innovative strategies of the used by the experienced nurses to improve the existing nursing structures or devise the new ones. Although this is a useful method but it requires a strong and quick thinking process in during which a nurse isn’t expected to panic and should deal the situation wisely. It is basically dependent on ability to describe and verbalize the reasoning process. More nursing research is needed to explore the clinical reasoning process. Therefore, Investment in teaching and learning methods is needed to enhance clinical reasoning skills in nurses. Analysis and Conclusion The importance of nursing profession cannot be denied and this is accounted as a prominent profession which is mandatory for the social development and ensures the basic health facilities to the individuals. It might not have got the due importance hence to rectify the negligence and to elevate the status of this profession and nurses as a whole certain steps should be taken. The impact of self regulated reflective learning skills should be well checked, teaching and learning process both should complement each other to get the desired results in short; metacognative, critical thinking skills , reflective and clinical reasoning developments should be made. An analysis into cognative and metacognative thinking initiates a more appropriate global learning process. Nursing guidelines are important as they ensure a formal and uniform outline whereby nurses act according to the prescribed laws and it aids in developing a better understanding and response for the various and complementary roles that nurses have.Training institutes should be made especially for teaching and proper training of nurses in this respect government ought to perform an important role by increasing the salaries of nurses and also subsidizing these training institution. Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp

Cornell University Daily Inverse Demand and Competitive Market Worksheet

online homework help Cornell University Daily Inverse Demand and Competitive Market Worksheet.

I’m working on a economics question and need guidance to help me study.

Question 12Suppose the (inverse) daily demand for oil is given by , where denotes millions of barrels of oil and is the price per barrel of oil. undefinedThe marginal private cost of extracting oil is given by . Oil extraction gives rise to environmental pollution, such that the marginal social cost of extracting oil is given by . undefined(a)Find the daily production and price of oil if the market for oil extraction is perfectly competitive. [6 marks](b)Find the socially optimal production and price of oil and explain why it differs from the market outcome in (a). [6 marks](c)Find the daily production and price of oil if there is a monopoly oil company and comment on your answer. [6 marks](d) Illustrate your answers to (a), (b) and (c) in one diagram with on the horizontal axis and on the vertical axis. [6 marks](e)Does the monopoly oil company generate a deadweight loss? Is monopoly justified in this market? [6 marks]
Cornell University Daily Inverse Demand and Competitive Market Worksheet

Marketing: Supermarket Problems Case Study

Table of Contents Stating the Problems Problems Analysis Potential Solutions Further Recommendations Stating the Problems First of all, consumer loyalty changed. The supermarkets which profited from the weekly shoppers were losing their rates. Secondly, the merchandise of private label increased. Thirdly, the supermarket customers in the United States became more aware of their health. Problems Analysis As for the first problem, the supermarkets started losing profits from weekly shopping. A lot of people used to visit supermarkets once a week and buy food for the next week. As a rule, they visited the same supermarket in the neighborhood for years. With the rise of warehouses and superstores, some people changed their preferences. Besides, a share of customers was distracted by discount merchandisers and so-called dollar stores. Speaking of private labels, the sales of this food and drinks increased. The retail enterprises noticed the high potential of these goods and were actively promoting them. The increase of health-consciousness also influenced the situation with the supermarkets. In fact, it has conditioned the development of stores with organic and healthy departments. On the whole, the profit of food retailers depends mainly on the sales size and their effectiveness. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Potential Solutions The contemporary supermarkets have two major types of competitors. Supercenters and Warehouse Clubs are those of the first generation. They are competitive due to the lower prices. The prices are low thanks to the bigger sales volume and direct supplies from the manufacturers. Dollar and limited selection stores make the second generation of competitors. They sell a few brands, but the prices are not high. The following things may be done by the supermarkets to be competitive on the market and solve the defined problems. Weekend discounts may be introduced to stimulate the weekly shopping as the people mainly shop for food on their days-off. These should be discounts for major goods categories like meat or grocery. Its advantage is that it will attract consumers with low prices and they are likely to do all the shopping in one place. Still, the disadvantage is that there is no guarantee that the people will come back on the day with no discounts. Private-label goods should be varied and combine high quality and a moderate price. If consumers like these products, they will return again and again to the supermarket to buy them. On the one hand, it is obviously an advantage. On the other hand, the disadvantage is that other goods of the same type will weaken their positions. The need for healthy and organic food increased with the growth of customers’ health consciousness. As a rule, they are more expensive than common products. An excellent solution here maybe the supermarket’s production. This approach has a big disadvantage at the initial stage. The start of organic goods production is time and money-consuming. Not all owners may afford a farm or a field to grow vegetables. Still, in the future, the manufacturer and retailer, which are the same unit, are likely to profit. Organic food of local production will be cheaper than the exported and preferred by the customers. Further Recommendations I can suggest some recommendations that can be useful for some supermarket owners. They may attract consumers and consequently increase profit. It may be a good idea to make an agreement with a manufacturer and become an exclusive official representative of a certain product in the region. If the product gets popularity, it will be a sound investment. Speaking of the labeled goods, they should cover a broad range of daily products. Lower prices and high quality will attract the customers with a limited budget. Still, they should not be too cheap, for the low price is often associated with low quality. The issue of various discounts should also be considered. These may be seasonal discounts connected with different holidays. Daily discounts on a limited range of goods may attract people who prefer regular shopping. For example, the supermarket may suggest a lower price for fish on Monday, cheaper apples on Wednesday, and a pleasant discount on meat on Friday. Newsletters can be distributed in the neighborhood to inform the people about the prices and special offers in addition to general advertising. Still, such campaigns should not be too intrusive. A special discount can be introduced for a bill of more than 100 dollars for example. It will stimulate consumers to buy more at the same place. Moreover, it may be a sound idea to organize a lottery for loyal customers. Let it be, for example, every last Saturday of the month. People usually like free gifts. Besides, they will probably do more shopping afterward. We will write a custom Case Study on Marketing: Supermarket Problems specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More It may be useful to open a fresh bar in the supermarket. Shopping is a tiring process, and the consumers will be happy to refresh with a glass of juice while choosing goods. On the whole, the emphasis should be made on quality and service. Even cheap goods should be of normal quality. Otherwise, the reputation may be lost. As for the workers, any exciting initiative will be ruined with poor service, so the choice of the stuff is not less important than the goods variety.

Types of White- collar crime

Types of White- collar crime.

Types of White-Collar CrimeFor this assignment, you are going to become a white-collar criminal! Using the proper terminology, write a 4- to 5-page report in Microsoft Word describing how you would orchestrate one of the following types of white-collar crimes:
Bait and switch
Telemarketing fraud
Ponzi scheme
Charity-based fraud
Your report should clearly demonstrate your understanding of the type of crime you have chosen. Be sure to complete the assigned reading. Your report should cover the following points:
Define and describe each of the four types of white-collar crime listed above.
Select one type and describe what your goals would be if you were to engage in this crime.
Provide detailed descriptions of the methods you will use to carry out the crime.
Mention who your victims will be, why you selected these victims, and how you will approach them.
Identify which law enforcement agency or agencies would have responsibility for investigating your crime, and describe the challenges they will face in doing so.
Support your responses with examples.Cite any sources in APA format.
Types of White- collar crime