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Importance of profit and loss accounts

Question: Explain the importance of profit and loss accounts, balance sheets, and cash flow statements. How these statements help different people in assessing financial health of a company. Introduction: The first purpose of the business is profit, which enables the business to fulfil rest of the three purposes namely survival, growth and service to the community. Financial management is a basic requirement to run the business and a legal obligation from government. It plays a key role in the decision making, setting a strategy and in overall success of any business. Accounting is divided into two broad categories of financial accounting and management accounting. Financial accounting deals with day to day business operations and is termed as “Book keeping” , also it deals with the preparation of financial statements usually at the end of a business year. In short we can say that financial accounting is a post performance activity of the business. Management accounting’s main focus is on forecasting and helping in decision making. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA) defines management accounting as “The application of professional knowledge and skill in the preparation and presentation of accounting information in such a way to assist management in the formulation of policies and in the planning and control of the operations of the undertaking”. Profit and loss account (P
Introduction: Motivational Counseling as a Way to Breaking Personal Barriers Changing one’s personal behavior is a process, which requires much effort and struggle since the alteration of one’s standard conduct patterns is quite complicated. However, often, the desire to modify personal behavior turns in critical need for some people may threaten both their health and the welfare of the surrounding society by employing their bad habits. In this work, the nature of motivational counseling, which aims at assisting in behavior change, is discussed. The methodology, usually, targets the groups of people, who reveal an extensive use of drugs and alcohol, demonstrate abusive attitude towards the community, etc. (Rollnick
According to Dominos corporate website (2010), Dominos pizza was founded in 1960 by Tom and James. It was bought and started as a small pizza store in Michigan. With $500 as initial investment, Tom joined forces with his brother and together they opened a pizza delivery store in Ypsilanti, Michigan. Initially it was known as Dominick’s. As Monaghan’s operations grew, the original owner of Dominick’s decided to maintain rights to the name. Under deadline for a Yellow Pages ad, driver Jim Kennedy came up with the name Domino’s Pizza. The three dots of Dominos the fact that Tom initially started 3 stores. In February 1968 a fire accident took place in Monaghan’s original pizza store. Advertising manager Bob Cotman had a narrow escape from the building, climbing down a fireman’s ladder. Although the pizza shop started operations within two days, Domino’s lost stored goods worth $40,000. (information from the UK site (2010). The staff pulled together, with each existing store location responsible for producing one pizza item cheese, dough, chopped toppings which drivers then ferried from one store to the next to keep operations running. After that a very difficult situation arose that he had to cover not only the total fire losses of $150,000, of which only $13,000 were paid by insurance but also had to pay leases of five new franchises and recruit five new store operators as soon as possible. In 1975, the trademark lawsuit was launched by Amstar against the company. Furthermore, they started preparation to launch themselves on an international scale. In 1989, the Domino’s Pizza changed entirely when the Deep Pan pizza was launched for the very first time in twenty five years as the company had the urgent need for reacting to market demand. This step proved vital in providing strength to the financial foundation and made certain the growth of Domino’s Pizza because they started operating their five thousandth store. The chain of Dominos Pizza grew quickly as they were operational in all varied places. Despite Domino’s Pizza grew up at diverse locations and started doing good business, they were still a very traditional company. (History of Dominos pizza) Tom retired in 1998. He was the one who expanded Domino’s chain around the world making it the world’s largest pizza delivering company known for quick service restaurants around the world. In addition, he gave majority of the $1bn earned through the sale of Domino’s to charity. Marketing Strategies In 1973, Domino’s Pizza introduced the policy that customers must be receiving their pizzas not later than 30 minutes of placing their orders, or if not they would take delivery of the pizzas free. The guarantee was condensed to $3 off in the mid 1980s. In 1985, Advertising Age placed Domino’s ad “among the fastest-growing money makers in the restaurant industry.” The company had to keep pace not only with its own growth but also with that of its competitors, including the industry leader, Pizza Hut, which had more than 4,000 units to Domino’s 2,300.In the previous year, Domino’s spent 249% more in advertising, media. On the other side, the biggest threat for Monaghan’s empire entered in delivery business that is Pizza Hut in 1986. (Advertising age, Domino’s inc. 1985) In 1992, the company settled a case filed against it by an Indian family whose lady was killed by a Domino’s delivery driver. The company paid the family US $2.8 million. In 1993, Domino’s settled yet another case in which the company was sued because a Domino’s delivery driver ran a red light and collided with a lady’s vehicle. The woman was paid almost US $80 million. The guarantee was dropped the same year because of the “public perception of reckless driving and responsibility”, according to Monaghan.(Founder of Domino’s) “Domino’s Truck Kills 2 En Route to Delivery,” (Chaudhury,1998) In December 2007 Domino’s introduced a new slogan, “You Got 30 Minutes”, sticking to the earlier promise but getting short of promising delivery in a half hour. (Dominos corporate website 2010) In addition to this, Dominos changed their menu in 1992 and introduced for the very first time a non pizza item to their menu. Being Domino Pizza already on hand, the making of bread sticks was not so different which was the introduced item. The company kept on advertising for many years that if the delivery of their pizzas took longer than 30 minutes, the pizza would be delivered at no cost. This was also copied by the Ninja Turtles movie and cartoons. The benefits to Domino Pizza were enormous as millions of kids heard the name of Domino Pizza out of their favourite cartoons and they were the prospective customers. In 1993, Domino Pizza discontinued this policy and came up with a new one stating that if a customer was unhappy he could on his will have a new pizza or a refund. By 1994, Dominos Pizza marketing policy winded and they introduced chicken wings also in to the menu. Not only this, the company hit the African market as they opened a new store in Egypt. 1996 was the year when Dominos Pizza website was launched. That year the company declared global sales to be nearly $3 billion. In the 1980s, Domino’s Pizza was well known for its advertisement campaign featuring “The Noid”. (Dominos corporate website 2010) In the same way, the Super Bowl Sunday was the most hectic and very busy pizza delivery day of the year and Dominos Pizza sold over a million pizzas, which was forty-two percent more as compared to normal Sunday trading volume. According to Dominos marketing director Robin Auld (Noelle McElhatton, marketing director management) Dominos franchisees pay a 5% royalty of their net sales into Domino’s National Advertising Fund (NAF). That’s centrally managed and used to maximize sales and grow brand awareness. He said door-dropped menus are very effective for prosperity of ordering pizza and we use news paper and royal mail. Domino’s also launched new offers that can be ordered by national hotline (087 12121212), in-store and online at or SMS ordering system, which was the first time in UK in 1999. The Domino’s text service requires only five minute initial online procedure. Firstly customers register and create their favourite menus giving them each an easy to remember name, delivery address and mobile number for order. Secondly, the chosen menu is typed directly from mobile phone. Customer can put their credit card details while registering so that they can use their card when they order and pay with cash upon delivery. In February 2003, the company announced multiyear partnership with the National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) through which Domino’s became the “Official Pizza of NASCAR.” According to news paper article (Detroit News, March 26, 1997) Domino’s delivered $2.8 Billion in world wide sales last year. By 2011 the value of the home delivery food market was estimated to have reached £1,474 million in the UK and expects to grow 30% to £1,918 million. At Domino’s Pizza, the values are summed up in a chant that’s sung in the “Sell more pizza, have more fun!” DPZ – Dominos Pizza Inc (NYSE) 12:00 AM ET, 03/04/2010 Last: 13.70 Change: -0.36 %Change: -2.56% Volume: 2,982,700 Open: 14.06 High: 14.06 Low: 13.36 Previous Close: 14.06 Market Cap: 805.0M Shares Outstanding: 58.8M EPS: 1.38 52wk High (3/3/2010): 14.13 P/E Ratio: 9.93 52wk Low (3/9/2009): 5.61 Dividend: 0.00 Dividend Date: N/A Yield: 0.00 Average Volume: 572,000.00 Figure 1 : Marketshare (Dominios corporate website) Financial information Domino’s Pizza UK
Introduction Gender pay equity calculates the average wage of women earnings by determining the percentage of females pay in relation to male earnings. Whether a man is paid hourly, earns after a week, full time employment, or any other sort of employment, gender pay equity states that a woman should get an equal rate as that of the male worker. Gender wage discrimination is a condition that displays the differences between the divisions of wage offers being contrary from the allocations of values of the marginal product between the males and the female workforce. In Australian continent, the situation of wage allocation and employment level among the two genders varies a lot. This paper examines three major reasons for the current gender pay inequality in Australian work force for the last two decades. Discussion An equal remuneration for the work force should be given for equal or comparable value. Research indicates that there are various constructs that explain the gender pay disparities in Australia and that these disparities must no be the main factors that lead to multimarket disequilibrium. The Chamber of Commerce

The Major Aspects Of Brand Management Marketing Essay

The purpose of writing this thesis proposal is to develop an outline for research that should be employed while writing the research paper. This proposal will serve as a guideline for my research on the subject of co-branding and provide a basis of understanding of the basic concepts pertaining to the subject. The objective of this thesis proposal is to analyze and discuss the methods and strategies that can be applied to improve the understanding and implementation of co branding. This proposal focuses on developing a clear understanding of the theoretical concepts related to branding, highlight the research methodology suitable for the project, and evaluate the pros and cons of co-branding. It also emphasizes on how brands are an epitome of luxury and how luxury has become an individual concept for each person. A brand is a perceived personality of a particular product, company or a service. It’s an identification of a product either through name, symbols, colors, tag line, audio or a sign. The brand serves as recognition of one’s product differentiating it from the others on the basis of brand experience. They provide the primary point of differentiation among the competitors’ products. Brand is the essence of what the product offers and therefore, they are developed over a period of time. Brands are created to associate positive images and perception with the product to create brand value. Brand value is reflection of how the market place and target market perceives the company’s product or service. The experiential aspect of a brand, known as brand experience, is how people distinguish the brand on the basis of some associated feelings, emotions, images, experiences, etc. On the other hand, brands also have psychological impact on its audience, called brand image, in which people relate the product with a symbolic construct or an image. A brand enables its audience to relate particular characteristics and qualities with their products to make it a unique market offering. Nowadays, marketers are making special effort in their advertising to create brands allowing its target market to associate special features with the product. Brands are developed through different customer touch points which include: Personal Selling, allowing customers to interact with the company Advertising, through billboards and television commercials containing consistent messages Suggestions of the product by friends and family Quality or the experience of using the actual product Once the brands are developed, the art of maintaining the brand is called brand management. The established brands provide remarkable competitive and strategic advantage to the company for their offerings in the market place. Thus, brands are created to foster long term relationships between the company and its customers. WHAT IS BRAND MANAGAMENT AND WHAT ARE THE MAJOR ASPECTS OF BRAND MANAGEMENT? Brand Management is the process of creating, promoting and preserving the name and status of a product to increase the brand awareness, brand loyalty and customer sales. Brand management begins with understanding the brand itself. The process of understanding begins with top management who create and the control the brands. Then it flows down the organizational hierarchy and it should be well-understood by the sales representatives of the company who actually represent the brand to its customers. The better the understanding of the product among the managers, the better they are able to portray in front of the customers. Another very important aspect of brand management is defining the brand, i.e. creating a brand promise. Brand promise is something that should have an impact on the minds of its consumers; it should be memorable and desirable. It should evoke thoughts as thoughts drive actions. A brand promise should serve as a differentiating factor from other market offerings and it should be thoughtful decision after evaluating the needs of the target market and the market place. After a brand promise is created, companies need to fulfill it through high quality products and brand positioning. It should be perceived by the audience the way brand is being portrayed; there should not be any misinterpretations by the target market. This is effectively done through personal selling. The most important aspect of brand management is sustaining the brand promise. This is the most difficult part as well as companies must keep innovating to provide superior value of the product and each innovation must be aligned with the initial brand promise. (Brand Management ) Brand management for an organization is described as the continuous process of building brand value in the minds of the target audience, so that the perceived value of a product increases and continues to grow. (Brand Management) WHAT IS BRAND EXTENSION AND HOW IT SHOULD BE DONE? Brand extension is a part of brand management and is a marketing strategy in which the company tends to diversify in a new product category under the same brand name. It aims to leverage the existing brand’s image and loyalty into the new product’s success. It is also seen as a means of creating integrated brand architecture. The acceptability of the new product under an established parent brand is much higher because consumers have already had the brand experience and there is a strong brand loyalty of established brands. Brand extension is one of the most popular new product development strategies which can reduce monetary risk through the effective use of the parent brand name to enhance consumers’ perception due to the core brand equity. It also reduces the research and development cost because company is well aware about its consumer’s knowledge and preferences. A good example of brand extension is seen when fashion designers extend their brand from apparel to shoes, fragrances and accessories. They use the existing brand power to drive the growth of new innovative products. There is also risk associated with brand extension because when a lot of products are launched under the umbrella of the same brand, it leads to brand dilution. Brand dilution is where the parent brand loses its associations with its target market, quality, area and price. In short, brand dilution leads to inconsistency in maintaining the brand promise. (Juda) WHAT IS CO BRANDING? As already discussed, a strong brand is the biggest asset of a company. The value of a company is not only measured by its buildings and revenues, brand value plays an important role in determining a company’s financial condition. With increasing competition in the market place, companies are undertaking joint marketing projects. This gives rise to the concept of Co Branding, also known as brand partnership. Co branding is when different companies work together in a coalition to create marketing synergy. One of the largest brands partnership efforts ever, the Global Fund joined forces with American Express (AXP), Apple (AAPL), Converse (NKE), Dell (DELL), Emporio Armani, Gap (GAP), Hallmark, and Starbucks (SBUX) to combat AIDS in African Region. The effort is known as (Red) and has raised more than $130 million. (Crawley and McKee) Tom Blackett and Bob Boad, in their book Co-Branding: The Science of Alliance, defines co-branding in following words, ‘… the term ‘co-branding’ is relatively new to the business vocabulary and is used to encompass a wide range of marketing activity involving the use of two (and sometimes more) brands. Thus co-branding could be considered to include sponsorships, where Marlboro lends it name to Ferrari or accountants Ernst and Young support the Monet exhibition … The list of possibilities is endless.’ (Put a Little LUV in Your Logo!) A brand partnership is often a short term joint marketing venture among brands to enhance each other’s brand positioning and increase the target audience. A well designed co-branding strategy can often result in a win-win situation for both co-brand associates and facilitates in identifying unexplored market niches and untapped market opportunities. Firms usually form co-branding associations to fulfill the following goals: To increase their revenues and profits To respond to customers hidden or unknown needs, this often involves tapping into unknown product category To increase customer base To strengthen brand image in the competitive environment To improve the perceived brand value To launch a new product with a strong brand image (Doshi) SUCCESS FACTORS OF CO-BRANDING Co-branding strategies are becoming popular to fend off competition in the market place and to gain greater market share through a wider variety of products. One of the major advantages of co-branding is it reduces financial costs considerably as the companies combine their resources and achieve economies of scale, leading to higher sales and profits. In co-branding, powerful brands with high brand loyalty tend to influence the weaker brands with lesser reputation. Thus, allowing the weaker brand to improve its sales through the leverage of a highly reputed brand. Companies create co-branded products through combining the unique and special features of their brands, and thus they are perceived as “the best of all worlds” products. Therefore, consumers trust co-branded products more and there is stronger brand loyalty. The risks in co-branded products are often high, yet shared. Therefore, companies tap into unexplored markets and opportunities through co-branded products because it diversifies the risk and reduces the financial burden. (Co-Branding: Advantages And Disadvantages) Masstige Method Masstige is a marketing strategy in which companies tend to do downward brand extension. It is often done to increase the target market of a brand. The word ‘masstige’ is a combination of the words mass and prestige and is described as prestige for the masses. Masstige brands are defined as “premium but attainable,” and there are two key points relating to masstige products: They are perceived as premium goods They have price points that fill the gap between middle and upper class. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY The most notable examples of co-branded products exist in fashion industry. A famous co-branding association of a Swedish brand, H

Skills for running a small business

professional essay writers SKILLS FOR RUNNING A SMALL BUSINESS There are a number of skills required to run a business. You will need to use the skills you have and probably develop new ones as well It is often not possible for one person to have all the skills, in this case you might consider taking on staff or perhaps a partner to fill the gaps What kind of skills do you think are needed to run a business? Skills relating to products or services Management skills Recording and checking performance skills Selling skills Administration skills Previous experience, although not a skill will help The ability to recognise your own strengths and weaknesses 1. Skills relating to products and/or services Some products or services require specialist skills to produce or provide Even if you buy your products or services in, the people in your business that deal with customers still need a detailed knowledge of what is on offer You will need to think about these skills for your business, do you have them, are you planning to develop them, or are you going to employ someone who has them? 2. Management skills Henry Fayol suggested there are 5 primary functions of management, to be a successful manager you will need to have or develop skills in these areas. Planning Organizing Leading Co-ordinating Controlling (processes, performance etc, NOT people) Some people now think Fayol’s ideas are a bit old fashioned, however the basic principles of management remain the same A more modern writer, Katz, identified 3 main components to being a good manager Technical skills about the product or service Human skills, interacting with others and leading effectively Conceptual skills, coming up with new ideas, decision making and problem solving 3. Recording and checking performance skills One of the main roles of a business owner is to monitor how well the business is doing so that things can be changed if needed Performance standards need to be set, these should relate back to the aims and objectives and be SMART Actual performance is measured, information is collected. What information would your business need to collect? Actual performance is compared to the standards, if they are being met no further action is needed Corrective action is taken where required How good are you at following this kind of process, do you have an eye for detail, are you likely to follow up and measure? You will need to make use of your organisational and analytical skills 4. Selling skills As a small business owner you may need to use personal selling to get your potential customers to buy Good communication skills Persuasion skills An awareness of buying signals from customers (Observational skills) The ability to close a sale (Negotiation Skills) Good listening skills Identifying product needs in the customer Good product knowledge A lot of these skills can be learnt if you don’t have them 5. Administration skills . Administration skills are vital to any business. To be good at administration you need to have a logical approach, be well organised, pay attention to detail and have good communication skills Accurate organisation of customer files and data Letter writing, faxing, emails, telephone calls etc (Technological skills) Preparation and dispatch of invoices, paying bills Managing budgets 6. Previous experience (although not a skill, this would be useful) If you have already worked in a similar company or related business this will help you. Also if you are basing your idea around a hobby or interest this may also give you some expertise If you have worked in a similar business you may have seen problems in that one that help you to avoid them yourself 7. Strengths and Weaknesses No-one is good at everything so you need to be honest about what you can and can’t do Recognising your strengths will help you build the business around things you are good at Weaknesses should not be ignored. Once you are aware of them it’s important to implement a strategy to either eliminate them or prevent them from undermining the business Training – you could enroll on a course, possibly with a local college. There are also lots of companies around that specialise in training so you might be able to contact one of them. Beware though, sometimes they can be very expensive, particularly if they are specialised Take on a partner – if they compliment your skills this may be a good idea. There may be no upfront expense associated with this but they will expect a share of the profits Do some business networking – this is where you attend events that attract other business people, you can talk to them, make contacts, get advice and possibly sales leads as well. For most small businesses this is an excellent option. Business Link, Chamber of Commerce and trade associations are sources that can help with this Employees – you could always advertise for an employee with particular skills. Specialist employees may expect higher salaries so could be expensive There are a number of areas that you can get professional help in. It can be really expensive so be sure you know what you’re getting into before you commit. What kind of professions do you think can help? Business consultants – you can employ experienced business people who will share their expertise and knowledge Accountants – Most small businesses will need to employ a professional accountant, particularly to set up the legal status of the business and produce the annual accounts Solicitors – will advise on any legal matters, contracts and the like with regards to the business Business Link – an organisation set up by the government (Department for Trade and Industry), they offer services similar to business consultants but because they are government funded they are cheaper. You may have to wait for them, they are generally very busy You are now ready to do a skills audit. You need to perform an objective and accurate assessment of your suitability and the skills you possess to run the business you have chosen. You need to appraise your own skills and abilities honestly and identify any gaps For the first part you need to compile a list of the skills needed to run your business and a realistic assessment of whether or not you have them at the moment. You now need to put an outline job description together that describes the skills needed to run your business. Skills relating to products or services A keen interest in the product sold by my business shal be a necessity n the working of the company, Also a ability to know the whole of the procut along with it’s functionality shall also be required. It would also be needed that a ability to answer customer demands in regards to a product, to run the business smoothly. Obvioulsy therefore in light of this a ability to use and demonstrate the product shall be required along with a ability to market the product as well as the business enteprie itself. Management skills Team management shall be needed when running my business, especially in the field of marketing. Whereby groups of ndividuals shall market the product outside the company, and therefore good management technique shall need to be drawn upon. Furthermore to this senior management shall be needed to direct the company and it’s product as the business gros and develops. This ability to lead the business shal undoubtably be a massive requirement in regards to moving th company forward in the future. Recording and checking performance skills Recording and checking the companies performance shall be a necessity as in any other eneterprise. Particularly in the business of a new innovative product, market analysis and checking shll be a hugely needed requirement. Furthermore a ability to check company financial performance shall be needed to ensure the company is hitting projected performance targets as a whole. Selling skills A strong ability to sell the product of which we sell shall be neededwithin my business, for I’t continued success. A ability to sell the product in bulk orders would be preferable and also to sel the product in a friendly manner too. Also when sales are lost an ability to record and suggest how the sale went wrong shall also b e a required skillset. Administration skills Administration skills as in any business shall be critically important. In order to run my business successfully a srong administration skillset shall be needed. This shall allow for all paperwork and smaller tasks within the business to all be completed to a standard that ensures the company in kept up-to-date in all it’s work and legality documents. Previous experience, although not a skill will be useful Internal audit Strengths Weaknesses External audit Opportunities Threats Skills Assessment Team Member (Anonymous) Skill Administration Skill Management Skill Selling Skill Product Knowledge Skill Operations Skill Customer Service 1 3 3 2 3 5 3 2 4 4 2 2 4 3 3 5 3 1 2 5 2 4 3 2 2 3 4 1 Tally Priority Rating Scale 1-5 (1=Good, 5=Poor) Statement 1 Your selling skills within your business at the momen it’s it’s greatest quality. However it’s clear that the area of operations can greatly do with improvement Statement 2 Operations is a poor area of your business to date, in terms of how everything works and things fit together however management like selling is a better quality existing. Statement 3 Your customer service at the moment is good, however a better knowledge of the products you shall would be of greater use and further help your customer service. Statement 4 Your management skills however currently good there’s a great amount of room for improvement in this skillset. This can be achieved by leading your employees more effectively of which shall also cross over and improve your results for the operations section of your business. Skills I need to run my business Do I currently have these Evidence Selling Skills in regards to the product Good Customer Service I feel that currently my selling skills are of a good standard however would greatly need improvement in the future. In order to run my product based business to a successful level. It’ key therefore that this skill is worked upon and developed. Along with a ability to sell, with my business being around a product good customer service shall be essential. It shall be preferred that I develop a good level of customer service skills that are used throughout my business. Selling products within young enterprise group. Speaking to customers of young enterprise and helping with order placements. Skills I need to develop Purpose for development How will I achieve this By When Need to develop operations skills To improve my ability to work a business. And to get it functioning towards a objective. Allowing for the business to run smoothly and operate successfully. This shall be key in ensuring my business is of a good working level and leads to a strong company as a whole. I shall achieve this by working on the area of operations within a business. I shall therefore take roles relating to operations more frequently and work in those areas with great care in order to improve within that particular area. I aim to achieve this particular goal by February 2010. Target Review point 1: February 2010 Date achieved Evidence If not achieved how can you achieve them in the future Target Review point 1: April 2010 Date achieved Evidence If not achieved how can you achieve them in the future

Languages homework help

Languages homework help. This is an assessment discussing the U‌‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍S History to Reconstruction (HIS 121-003) using Dana Goldstein’s article. Additionally, the assignment considers individuals and the American society.,U‌‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍S History to Reconstruction (HIS 121-003) using Dana Goldstein’s article,INSTRUCTIONS:,Discuss one or two main issues in the article “Two States. Eight Textbooks. Two American Stories” by Dana Goldstein. Appearing in the New York Times very recently on its cover page, as its lead news article, in and of itself is telling. Consider the ramifications for individuals and American society. Critical thinking assessment is key here, to in see how you handle not simply the information but the message of this article (obviously suggested in its title). Keep in mind: When studying history, knowing who has written that interpretation is critical, as well as knowing when it was written and the publisher. And in this case, it sort of makes you begin to wonder who wrote your textbook, ,The American Promise,, used for this course, and where was it published.,We will not dwell on this thought, now; I just wanted to point this aspect out to you. In this course, it is a requirement that you not only ‌‌‍‌‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‌‌‍study history, but also study how it has been written, how interpretation (the historiography) changes overtime. Those changes often align with our country’s advancement in two particular areas: freedom and equality. As the class progresses, we will be examining many other resources to complement your text, or to expose you to recent historical scholarship.,Format:,Lastly, use the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) Length = 1 ½ to 2 pages. Each of your writing assignments consist of 2 stages: the Process Assignment, and the Final Paper. The Process Assignment is merely when you discuss how you are planning to approach the assignment, your thesis statement. Note this is an important part of developing your writing, and critical thinking skills. However, as time permits, the Process Assignment may be discussed in class, via your individual participation.Languages homework help

Mutual Fund Information I need right away fin dq

Mutual Fund Information I need right away fin dq.
Review the dozen or so short articles and compare what you read there with what
you read in this chapter. List two things that are new to your understanding.
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