Importance Of Organisational Behaviour Business Essay. Introduction In the current context there are more competitive for the business. Many companies are producing same items to the market with different trademark. They are running their business with a vision. For successful vision achievement they have to achieve their goals. So they are in a position to run their organization better than their competitors. So for the successful organisational environment, they have to satisfy their employees. In the present context, when you are working in the organisation, you may think “is this the right organisation for you?” In my point the many answers will be “No”. The main reason for this answer “Managers have lack of knowledge about how to manage organisational behaviour”. Due to this less knowledge, managers straggling to handle employee’s problems in a proper way and they are not guiding the employees in a line to achieving organisation’s goal. Because of this many qualified employees are trying to find a job in other organization where having a high-quality management. If qualified employees leave the organisation, organisation’s goal achievement result will be negative. So the managers should have jam-packed knowledge about organisational behaviour. In this point you will think what is organisational behaviour? There are many definitions for this but simply can say, for a act getting different responds from different people and the way of reaction between two people in the office situation. So good manager will observe this and he could identify that who is proficient and who wants to get more knowledge. If the employee satisfied with his job, they will be more productive and their respond also will be satisfied. For example, if manager employed who is a young, shy and softly spoken girl, manager cannot put her in the role of marketing. Instead, manager can place her in a low stress position that would suit her nature. So the organisational behaviour is not just about keeping employees happy. It is about placing staff in a position that suits their personality and experience as well as helping employees to nurture in a way that they become more of an asset to the business. Literature revive Organisational behaviour is an inevitable process in the organisations. The organisation’s goals are achieving by their managers, so they should run the organisation effectively. Here we are analysing some important organisational behaviours which knowledge helps to managers. In the organisational environment, all behaviours are interconnected. Manager has to identify the employee’s behaviour and he has to make the link with other behaviours to effectively run the organisation. For an example if a person who is working efficiently in the marketing field with an extraversion personality, we need to motivate him as well as we have to make a job satisfaction for him. So here personality, motivation and job satisfaction behaviours are interconnected. Here I am analysing some important organisational behaviour about what is behaviour? How these behaviours will help to the managers for decision making? What are the theories has to consider when decision making? Etc. So this will helps to the managers who are having lack of knowledge about organisational behaviour. Organisational Behaviour importance of today’s context Personality What is personality? Until now there is no any agreement on the exact meaning of personality. But there are many ways to describe the personality (i.e strong, weak or polite). My description about personality is “The kind of ability which people having”. All people they are not having equal mentality, person to person it will differ. So when manager while working with them, he/she can identify their personality and he/she can categorize them with “Big Five” personality traits. If manager assign a job to a person in inside the office who is having more extraversion, his all talents are shrinking inside the office and he/she won’t get effective result from him. But if manager assign him as a marketing person, he/she will get more effective and efficient result from him. 3.2 Motivation Motivation is the process to encourage the employee to work effectively to achieve the organisational goal. Manager has to identify the system to motivate his/her employees. Without an appropriate technique manager cannot satisfy each and every employee. So initially manager has to identify the needs and based on that needs he/she can motivate the employee by provide incentives. There are many theories from many researchers to identify the needs. But Maslow’s hierarchy of need theory and Herzberg’s two factor theories are mostly consider by decision makers. Motivational system can be identified by categorize the employee’s needs under these theories. For an example if an employee has a need for job security, manager can motivate him by giving long term contract, job related training programme etc. 3.3 Job Satisfaction What is job satisfaction? How manager can satisfy the employee? Simply can say that “getting positive result from the one employee’s job appraisal or job experience”, job satisfaction is one of the important attitude. In the job satisfaction many internal factors will influence like the work itself, Payment, Promotion opportunities, Supervision and Co-workers, but in the meanwhile some external factors also influencing. For an example one person is working in the developed area with all internalImportance Of Organisational Behaviour Business Essay
Seventh Street Improvement Arches Report. Abstract William Truesdell designed the Seventh Street Improvement Arches, which stand near Minnesota at St Paul. McArthur brothers, together with Michael O’Brien, were the construction contractors. After examination of several available design options, Truesdell settled for oblique method due to the nature of the intersection of the street at Duluth tracks and the St. Paul. He used stones that were sourced from locally available quarries in the construction of the bridge. This paper reports on the various events that unfolded during the construction of Seventh Street Improvement Arches. It also discusses the methods, equipment, tools, and labor that were used in the construction process. Besides, it speculates on the ways that the construction would have been done if the bridge were to be made today. Introduction Seventh Street Improvement Arches refer to a slanted overpass that is situated near Minnesota in the United States of America. The double-arched bridge was built using the spiral method that is alternatively referred to as helicoidal viaduct-building methodology. Up to date, the Seventh Street Improvement Arches remain historically significant in civil engineering due to their intricate technical and architectural design that required much precision in terms of stonecutting. During the time of designing and construction (1883-1884), the bridge stood as unique based on the few of such bridges that were in existence in the US. Today, the bridge constitutes the only known example of bi-arch brickwork helicoidal overpass in Minnesota. Hence, the artistic creativity of Engineer William Truesdell was necessary. McArthur brothers, together with Michael O’Brien, took up the challenge of the actual creation of the art piece of work (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Para 3). Their success in delivering the project derivable is evidenced by the up-to-date well-standing bridge at St Paul, Minnesota, although the overpass is not currently in use. This paper summarizes and discusses the 1883-1884 building process of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches. It also speculates and analyzes how the structure (whether a building, road, dam, canal, or bridge) would be made if it were built today. Summary of Events Seventh Street Improvement Arches as shown in fig. 1 below was among a number of constituents of a project that was proposed and scheduled for improving the ‘Seventh Street’ that was to connect various regions in 1883. Other tasks of the project included the construction of Iron Bridge that measured 300 ft in length at Northern Pacific Railway and the construction of masonry-arch for the septic tank at the Phalen Creek crossing. Seventh Street Improvement Arches comprised two main curves. The West curve has a span of 41ft. The East arch has a span of 30 ft. The arc barrel extends to 124ft. Figure 1: Seventh Street Improvement Arches. Source: (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Para 1) At the dawn of 1883, the Minnesota administration announced that it had directed St. Paul to ensure the issuance of bonds for improving the ‘Seventh Street.’ The specific place of improvement of the avenue was where “it crossed the combined valley of Trout Brook and Phalen Creek that linked the downtown district with Dayton’s Bluff to the east” (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Para 2). At the time of construction of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches, civil engineering civilization drew most of its design configurations from French and Roman techniques of building arch-type overpasses. Romans and French bridge designers did not have the skills for estimating the potency that was required for the arches. However, the knowledge they had inherited from Greek, especially in geometry, made it easy for early arch-type bridge builders to deploy extensions that took semicircular shapes. The arches were mainly constructed through the deployment of stones that were shaped to form wedge segments that were alternatively called voussoirs. Although the construction was oblique, Truesdell’s design of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches reflects this technological civilization in the construction of arch-type bridges. The Seventh Street Improvement Arches follow the culture of construction of bridges using stones that characterize early ages of civil engineering works. Building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches in 1883-1884 Among all the work elements that constitute the project, Seventh Street Improvement Arches presented the main challenges to civil engineers. In fact, the passage of the street at Duluth tracks and the St. Paul was at exactly 63 degrees (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Par.4). In addition, it also needed to carry water lines together with drainage lines while at the same time corresponding to the profile of the hill at the ‘Seventh Street,’ which needed rebuilding, thus implying that a large amount of filling resources was required. Exploration of different alternatives for building the bridge led to the ruling out of the ribbed-arches viaduct building approach. The method was inappropriate due to the large weight of the block that was to be supported. The second alternative was the twisted-arch approach that was developed by classical French civil engineers. With limited experienced stonecutting labor supply, the precision required by this method meant that labor costs could be exorbitant (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Par.4). The method also involved making many different types of shapes that fitted in the arch configurations. To produce different shapes, a large amount of work was required in the making of patterns. This necessity amplified the costs of construction beyond the projected scope. Truesdell considered Peter Nicholson’s helicoidal approach the third alternative. Although the approach was satisfactory, it involved rigorous and hefty mathematical computations. However, Truesdell had studied mathematics. Hence, he believed he could successfully complete the challenging task. Initially, he encountered several challenges in the computation of the required curvature side view. However, amid the challenges, upon successful computation of the curvature side view, all voussoirs were possible to generate from one pattern with the exception of ring stones. Indeed, all stones were of the same breadth and form (DuPaul 31). This suggested that although there was limited availability of skilled stonecutting labor for a new project that had never been done before, successful training on the process of cutting one stone would ensure precision in terms of cutting all other required rocks to build the arch side view. However, Truesdell noted that the main challenge was insisting on the stonecutters the importance of doing their work more carefully than when cutting stones for other applications (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges Par. 4). Voussoirs stones were cut such that the curved surfaces made a pattern of matching spiral courses. The generation of spirals was done through straight lines that met with the arch’s axes. The spirals formed continuous right angles with the axes. They also “moved uniformly along that axes while at the same time revolving uniformly around it” (Minnesota’s Historic Bridges par.6). The precision that was required in cutting the stones implied that the stonecutters needed to work with greater precision, which they were not accustomed to when cutting stones for other civil works. However, the builders of the bridge had a highly skilled supervisor who was capable of supervising and teaching the stonecutters the necessary procedures and checks to ensure compliance with precision requirements (DuPaul 36). Thus, one of the major constraints of building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches was the availability of labor that required minimal training. Labor costs were higher due to the time taken in learning compared to when skilled labor was available immediately when a certain task that formed part of the entire project required implementation. Such costs were uncontrollable since alternative design options that called for high precision level in stonecutting could not apply to the Seventh Street Improvement Arches. The construction culture in the period of building the arches was also dominated by brickwork structures with evident sparing use of cast steel bridges. Several materials were required in the assembly of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches. DuPaul informs, “The abutments, piers, and wing walls were built with a variety of gray limestone locally quarried in St. Paul, while the voussoirs, ring stones, coping and spandrel walls were built with a buff-colored limestone quarried in Kasota, Minnesota” (53). The actual bridge construction was initiated in September 1883. McArthur brothers, together with Michael O’Brien, engaged in the construction process. Michael O’Brien did the digging, abutment, and the setting of the bridge groundwork. McArthur brothers did the entire construction of the bridge. The shaping of the stones was done manually at the quarries. Hence, no special equipment was deployed in shaping all the Voussoirs stones. Indeed, masons who were hired by contractors, also did the blue-collar bridge building. It was ready for handling traffic by 18 December 1884. As depicted in fig. 2 below, the Seventh Street Improvement Arches were an outstanding piece of civil engineering work since the bridge remains intact even today, although it is no longer in use. Its inner surfaces have not even developed cracks. Figure 2: Details of the Inner Part of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches. Source: (DuPaul 61) Building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches Bridge Today People’s artistic creativity develops as time progresses. This claim is perhaps true in the case of bridge construction. During the most primitive times, people deployed fallen tree and fallen rocks when they needed to cross rivers. Suspended ropes also formed an important alternative for crossing rivers and valleys. The structure of modern bridges borrows from these primitive types of bridges. Overpasses can take the makeup of arches, beams, or suspensions. While these structures remain the main alternatives that were utilized by civil engineers in the construction of bridges for road and railway crossings, linking buildings, and/or carrying trains and road traffic over water bodies, materials and methodologies of construction have changed. Equipment that is used in the construction has also changed so that if the Seventh Street Improvement Arches were built today, the bridge would probably involve heavy use of the equipment and different materials rather than stones. Assuming the intersection of the street at Duluth tracks and the St. Paul at a right angle, if the Seventh Street Improvement Arches were built today, beam bridge from pre-stressed concrete would be the most appropriate to minimize the time required to complete the construction from about one and half years to a few months. Pre-stressing is one of the methodologies that are deployed by modern civil engineers to mitigate natural drawbacks of steel concrete structures. The methodology is employed to produce various structures for commercial utilization such as floors, bridges, and beams. Concrete withstands more loads while subjected to compressive loads than while exposed to tensile loads. This behavior implies that, when used to produce columns that are to be subjected to compressive loads, concrete can withstand more loads in relation to when it supports loads that subject it to tension. A similar scenario is experienced when concrete is deployed to produce a beam. For instance, when a beam is simply supported and loaded, the dead load (load due to the heaviness of the beam) and the applied load subject the upper portion of the beam to compressive deformation. The lower side is subjected to tensile strain, which induces tensile stress. Since non-reinforced concrete is stronger in compression than in tension, the beam can only support a limited amount of load in tension. When the span of the beam is increased, the load that can be supported reduces because longer spans buckle more than shorter ones. One way of dealing with this challenge is by providing more support to the beam. However, this strategy is inconvenient, especially when a beam spans over water bodies or valleys. The amount of concrete that is used to make a beam support a given amount of load is also higher than in the case of a reinforced beam. Hence, the cost of constructing bridges using plain concrete becomes prohibitive. Consequently, reinforcing becomes necessary. Traditionally, reinforcing was done using steel bars, which provided the required strength in tension. With a reinforced beam, the span that can support an equivalent load with a non-reinforced concrete beam with equal cross-sectional dimensions is higher. The need to increase such a span even higher gives rise to the need of utilizing pre-stressed concrete, which will be most applicable in the constructions of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches if the bridge were to be made today. Constructing the arches for the Seventh Street Improvement Arches would not make use of stones as one of the material selection alternatives. Concrete is the prime material that is deployed in the construction of bridges. One of the advantages of using it in building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches is that it can transfer loads effectively to the abutments compared to stones in situations where supporting materials have adequate strength to hold horizontal loads. Pre-stressed concrete and steel would permit the construction of the Seventh Street Improvement Arches in a more elegant way, even if the spans were increased from 124ft to 800 ft. While erecting the arches, the approach that was used in the Seventh Street Improvement Arches would still be important since the bridge arches would require construction using precast concrete. Voussoirs that take a wedge shape that is built using temporary supports would be necessary. Provision of the temporary supports from below the bridge and the tower constitutes the important alternative for providing the necessary temporary support while building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today using precast concrete. Building it today will require the reflection of cost, strength requirements, and material availability. This situation will create the necessity for the deployment of pre-stressed concrete instead of precast concrete. Truesdell would definitely consider the knowledge and achievement of Freyssinet in terms of improving bridge-building technology. From 1928 to 1933, Freyssinet made the most significant achievements in the development of pre-stressed concrete. These achievements were due to “the development of vibration techniques for the production of high-strength concrete and the invention of the double-acting jack for stressing high-tensile steel wires” (Raju 2). These discoveries marked the beginning of the intensive spreading of the practical applicability of the pre-stressed steel as from 1935. Using the Freyssinet methodology for pre-stressing concrete, civil engineers in the US and Europe began to construct long-span bridges from 1945 to 1950. A good example of such a bridge is shown in fig. Three below. Christian Menn designed and fabricated it in 1962. The bridge is found in Tamins-Reichenau in Switzerland. Figure 3: Taemin’s-Reichenau Bridge in Switzerland. Source: (Billington 15) Instead of using stones, the Seventh Street Improvement Arches would probably use pre-stressed concrete while taking shape and configurations of Christian Menn’s bridge that is shown above. Building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches using the pre-stressed concrete today requires Truesdell first to manufacture prestressed beams just as he sourced stones for the quarry and shaped them accordingly. Manufacturing of pre-stressed concrete is done at a pre-stressing concrete plant. Since the arches and beams would be required only in constructing the bridge, setting such a plant would make the costs of constructing the bridge prohibitive. The best alternative entails contracting the manufacture of the beams and arches. During the manufacture of the pre-stressed concrete, the contracted civil engineers need to apply two ways for inducing compressive stresses in pre-stressed concrete. The first approach encompasses pre-tensioning, while the second approach involves post-tensioning. In the pre-tensioning process, the concrete has to be positioned after stretching of the tendons. The force used to pre-stress concrete must be relocated to the concrete via a bond. In the pre-tensioning method, concrete is placed on stretching steel. Mutsuyoshi and Hai confirm, “To strengthen the beam, steel tendons with high strength are put in between two abutments to be tensioned to around 70 to 80 percent of their overall strength” (167). Tendons are held in their respective positions by means of a tensioning force before concrete is introduced into a mold. Time will then be provided for the concrete to cure to gain the necessary strength. Tensioning forces will then be on the loose. Steel produces a reaction after attaining the required strength from the concrete. This observation makes it gain the length that it had before. Consequently, tensile stresses are transformed into compressive stresses. Upon their complete curing, the concrete becomes very firm. Fig.4 below shows an example of a beam that can be deployed for constructing the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today. It is manufactured through the pre-tensioning methodology. Figure 4: Pre tensioned Pre-stressed Concrete Beam. Source: (Billington 17) Instead of doing the pre-tensioning process, manufacturers of the beams and arches that were used to build the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today would consider using the post-tensioning methodology to induce the necessary strength in the concrete. In this approach, the concrete would be put after the tensioning and hardening of the tendons before the steel is stretched. The force causing the pre-stressing would then be passed via the terminal ports to the concrete (Mutsuyoshi and Hai 171). Concrete would then be cast around. Civil engineers would make ducts in the concrete body as the process progresses. This goal would be accomplished with the aid of steel rods, which are then removed later. In the next step, with regard to Raju, “after the concrete is hardened until it gains the required strength, engineers would place and stretch the steel tendons towards the end of the unit by externally anchoring them off to put the concrete into a state of compression” (57). Both pre-tensioning and post-tensioning produce good pre-stressed concrete. However, they are different. One of the striking differences is that post-tensioning is only possible to do in a manufacturing plant. Post-tensioning is done on the job site using applications, which are cast in place. Hence, once presented with post-tensioning and pre-tensioning alternatives, Truesdell and other engineers would select the post-tensioning method if they were building the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today. In today’s civil construction engineering works, lifting of the post-tensioned beams and arches would require lifting machinery. Conclusion William Truesdell designed the Seventh Street Improvement Arches while McArthur brothers and Michael O’Brien took its construction challenge. The arches were made from stones, which required high precision in terms of shaping them. A major challenge was experienced such no other bridge that required such stone-shaping strategies had been done before within the Minnesota locality. This claim implies that no one had seen such a bridge before. Thus, the stonecutters needed training and supervision to ensure precision in their work. Consequently, the construction process was mainly in labor-intensive. Constructing the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today would probably require the use of concrete either in precast or pre-stressed state with significant use of lifting machinery. The paper held that if Truesdell and other engineers were to construct the Seventh Street Improvement Arches today, they would possibly opt for post-tensioned pre-stressed concrete instead of stones. The design could also change significantly. Works Cited Billington, Duncan. “Historical Perspective on Pre-stressed Concrete.” PCI Journal 1.3(2004): 14-30. Print. DuPaul, Angela. An Engineering Marvel Beneath Your Feet. London: Thomas Hurst, 2001. Print. Minnesota’s Historic Bridges. Seventh Street Improvement Arches, 2012. Web. Mutsuyoshi, Haiyu, and Nier Hai. Recent Technology of Pre-Stressed Concrete Bridges in Japan. Tokyo: Saitama University, 2010. Print. Raju, Kingston. Pre-Stressed Concrete. New York, NY: McGraw Hill, 2009. Print. Seventh Street Improvement Arches Report
Primary Healthcare Illness Care System Discussion Post
Primary Healthcare Illness Care System Discussion Post.
This discussion will focus on access to health care and the difference between a primary healthcare system and an “illness care” system. In addition, we will focus on patient advocacy. In order to be advocates, we need to have a clear picture of what we want to see happen. How could healthcare reforms affect the future of healthcare? How do nursing organizations view the role of the professional nurse within the context of healthcare reform? How can you advocate for quality healthcare in your current area of nursing? Nurses can be the advocates for positive, quality outcomes by initiating core measures and ensuring that all aspects of a client’s care is safe and effective.Nurses need to play an important role in the writing of healthcare policies and laws, especially advocating for those who cannot stand up for themselves. As a profession, nurses need to unite and be heard as one strong voice. Start in your own community. Take a close look at things that need change.Within this discussion, you should begin thinking about what can be done to improve the health of your own community. To be a world changer, you do not need to do a miraculous thing; you just need to do something. It can be something very small and very inexpensive, but it can have a huge impact on those around you, and on the world. Upon successful completion of this discussion, you will be able to:Explain the concept of primary health care and its impact on national and international health.Discuss how nurses can impact healthcare reform within our society.Project a preferred future of what health care could look like in 2065.ResourcesTextbook: Professional Nursing: Concepts and ChallengesFile: Partial List of References for the Textbook by Black – 7th edition APAFile: Resources for Workshop 6: Primary Healthcare and the Future of NursingBackground InformationA variety of people make the rules that govern nursing practice; unfortunately, few of those rule-makers are nurses. When you understand how the government works and how laws are made, you have a better understanding of why your voice is so important. Economics, societal needs, and cultural needs drive the way laws and policies are written. The way money is spent, especially in public health, and the way decisions are made affect social determinants of health and the health disparity in your community. Each public health department has a chance to use the money for a specific sector in their community. Generally, the mayor or the town council determines how public health funds are used. Nurses must go to the city meetings and plead their case for the correct use of funding. This is one example of why you need to know how government works and about your community.In this assignment, you will read about primary healthcare systems that reach the entire community in various third world countries. Many countries have unskilled but educated individuals who work as health educators. They focus on health promotion and illness prevention. In the United States, for years our focus has been on disease management (secondary healthcare) rather than disease prevention (primary healthcare). You are encouraged to use your imagination as you consider how we can help facilitate a preferred future for nursing in our country.InstructionsReview the rubric to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.In your textbook, Professional Nursing: Concepts and Challenges, read Chapter 14, “Health Care in the United States.”Review the Resources for Workshop 6: Primary Healthcare and the Future of Nursing.Prepare to discuss the following prompts:Based on your experience within the healthcare system as a nurse, as a patient, and/or as a family member, share your thoughts and examples regarding the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of the current system and attempts toward healthcare reform to increase the number of people who are insured.Discuss: Choose a country that currently uses primary healthcare. Provide a synopsis of their healthcare system. Does it work for all citizens? What are the good points? What are the bad points? Would this healthcare system work in the United States? What would change with regard to the care that nurses currently provide? Why?Based on your readings, share your thoughts about what health care could look like in 2065. What would an ideal healthcare system include? Where would the money come from to pay for health care? What do you see as the role of the nurse in the preferred future for health care? How can health care get to that point?Research and select at least two current scholarly sources to support your explanations and insights.
Primary Healthcare Illness Care System Discussion Post
essay writing help Organisational Behaviour. Paper details As with most theory surrounding Organisational Behaviour, motivation methods lack an orderly progression of ideas or a unified body of knowledge. Identify at least three significant content theories and at least three significant process theories used to help motivate people in their jobs. • Explain the basic purpose of each theory and their strengths and weakness. • Discuss the differences between the intent of content theories and process theories. • Explain how you would use some or all of these theories to motivate your staff if you were the manager of an organisation with a diverse workforce. Elaborate on the reasons for your choices.Organisational Behaviour
Could help me to answer these questions?
Could help me to answer these questions?.
1. Using your knowledge of group theory and MO theory: a. Draw the ligand group orbitals that contribute to bonding in the hypothetical complex mer-FeCl3(N(CH3)3)3 b. Assign symmetry labels to each of the LGOs from part a.c. Draw an MO diagram for the complex from part a, including the LGOs, Fe AOs, and lines indicating which LGOs and AOs contribute to each MO. d. Using your MO diagram from part c, predict the effect that reducing mer-FeCl3(N(CH3)3)3 to form the tetrahedral complex FeCl2((NH3)3)2 would have on the MO energies/symmetries (i.e. indicate which MO orbitals would move, and which orbitals they correspond to in the parent complex) .2. Using your knowledge of group theory and MO theory: a. Determine the point group of the pentagonal planar XeF5- anion. b. Draw the ligand group orbitals (LGOs) that contribute to the Xe-F bonding in this molecule, and indicate their symmetry labels.c. Draw an MO diagram for the complex from part a, including the LGOs, Xe AOs, and lines indicating which LGOs and AOs contribute to each MO .d. Assign formal charges to the Xe atom and each F atom in the complex from part a, and determine the Xe-F bond order .e. Using your MO diagram from part c, predict the effect that reacting XeF5- with F2 to form the hypothetical pentagonal bipyramidal complex XeF7- would have on the MO energies/symmetries, and indicate the change in bond order between the Xe and F atoms (if any).
Could help me to answer these questions?
Religious Studies homework help
Religious Studies homework help. This paper is focuses on What About McDonald’s Other Customers? If you were CEO, what would you do to help overcome the challenges raised by franchisees while meeting McDonald’s goals?,What About McDonald’s Other Customers?,If you were CEO, what would you do to help overcome the challenges raised by franchisees while meeting McDonald’s goals?,Apply the 3-Step Problem-Solving Approach to OB, Use the Organizing Framework in Figure 10.6 and the 3-Step Problem-Solving Approach to help identify inputs, processes, and outcomes relative to this case.,Step 1: Define the problem., Look first at the Outcomes box of the Organizing Framework to help identify the important problem(s) in this case. Remember that a problem is a gap between a desired and current state. State your problem as a gap, and be sure to consider problems at all three levels. If more than one desired outcome is not being accomplished, decide which one is most important and focus on it for steps 2 and 3.,Cases have protagonists ,(key players),, and problems are generally viewed from a particular protagonist’s perspective. In this case you’re asked to assume the role of CEO.,Use details in the case to determine the key problem. Don’t assume, infer, or create problems that are not included in the case., To refine your choice, ask yourself, Why is this a problem? Focus on topics in the current chapter, because we generally select cases that illustrate concepts in the current chapter.,Step 2: Identify causes of the problem by using material from this chapter, which has been summarized in the Organizing Framework for Chapter 10 and is shown in Figure 10.6. Causes will tend to show up in either the Inputs box or the Processes box.,Start by looking at the Organizing Framework (Figure 10.6) and decide which person factors, if any, are most likely causes of the defined problem. For each cause, explain why this is a cause of the problem. Asking why multiple times is more likely to lead you to root causes of the problem. For example, do employee characteristics help explain the problem you defined in Step 1?,Follow the same process for the situation factors. For each ask yourself, Why is this a cause? By asking why multiple times, you are likely to arrive at a more complete and accurate list of causes. Also, look to the Organizing Framework for this chapter for guidance.,Now consider the Processes box in the Organizing Framework. Are any processes at the individual, group/team, or organizational level potential causes of your defined problem? For any process you consider, ask yourself, Why is this a cause? Again, do this for several iterations to arrive at the root causes.,To check the accuracy or appropriateness of the causes, map them onto the defined problem.,Step 3: Make your recommendations for solving the problem. Consider whether you want to resolve it, solve it, or dissolve it (see Section 1.5). Which recommendation is desirable and feasible?,Given the causes you identified in Step 2, what are your best recommendations? Use the material in the current chapter that best suits the cause. Consider the OB in Action and Applying OB boxes, because these contain insights into what others have done that might be especially useful for this case.,Be sure to consider the Organizing Framework—both person and situation factors—as well as processes at different levels.,Finally, create an action plan for implementing your recommendations.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Religious Studies homework help