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Impact of London Hosting the 2012 Olympics

Impact of London Hosting the 2012 Olympics. “London 2012’s ambition is to create a Games for everyone, where everyone is invited to take part, join in and enjoy the most exciting event in the world” ( www.london2012.com ). This is a laudable aim for those who are charged with the responsibility for producing the Games in London. The aim of this study is to look at the potential impact of hosting the Games for Britain and how this reflects the ideology of those who are running it. In order to assess the potential impact of the Games on Britain, one needs to investigate the success or otherwise of other major sporting events that have been staged in the past. The most notable or should I say notorious failure in terms of the Olympics was the Montreal Games; Henry Aubin, a Canadian newspaper columnist commented that the Games had been “a financial disaster. There has not been a single successful legacy of the Olympics” (from Evening Standard, Nov. 2006). The event itself was poorly organised from the start, with the result that it took the organisers thirty years to pay for the Games in their entirety; this is something that Lord Coe and his team need to bear in mind. In more recent times, Olympic Games have been run much more efficiently and have left not only a financially positive mark, but also left a legacy in terms of facilities and economic benefits which reflected not only the efforts but the ideology of those who were in charge. In Barcelona the people of the city and indeed the Spanish nation as a whole were involved in the project. The organisers realised that they needed the wholehearted support of the people, particularly the citizens of Barcelona. Their attention to detail was very impressive, even down to inviting comments to be made about road improvements before going ahead with them to give the people a sense of ownership of the developments that were taking place. The ideology that is being reflected here is that the Games are for everyone and that all can have an active part in its ultimate success (or failure). The city already had a good deal that was positive about it before plans to hold the Games began, not least a hugely successful football team in Barcelona FC along with their impressive stadium. The organisers highlighted the need for urban redevelopment to provide better facilities for the people in terms of sport, leisure, art, media, housing and transportation. Their other concern was to develop the tourist trade by improving the overall image of the city and the surrounding areas. It was evident that “…there was a clear strategy for the post-event use of this area, which has subsequently become part of the city’s tourist attractions and as such, seems to have had a positive effect on the city” (Roche 2000, P 145). The philosophy was clear from the outset – the desire to provide an excellent Games to reflect well on the city at the same time as providing benefits for the people of Barcelona in the long term through redevelopment and through tourism. The organising committee commented that “the … direct beneficiaries are the citizens of Barcelona whose surroundings have been immeasurably improved” (Roche 2000, P 144). This statement is borne out by the physical improvements that were left in the city; a new waterfront and residential area, a new international airport, two new skyline communication towers, six new sports stadia (with another being extensively refurbished), a new museum of contemporary art, a remodelled Catalonian arts museum and new media facilities. Roche (2000, P 144) concludes that “the social policy aim was successfully achieved through, among other things, the new sports facilities, transport and housing built in a deprived city area.” The aims of the organisers of the Manchester Commonwealth games were along similar lines, “to leave a lasting legacy of sporting facilities and social, physical and economic regeneration” (www.gameslegacy.co.uk). The ideology of the government and the local organisers was one of progressive development across a number of areas through sound investment, marketing, planning and implementation. The New East Manchester Partnership aimed to double the local population, to build new homes, to create a new town centre with a large area for retail provision, to create a business park and to construct a £100 million sports complex with a 48,000 capacity stadium. The Sportcity complex includes the City of Manchester Stadium, the Regional Athletics Arena, the National Squash Centre, the National Cycling Centre, the Regional Tennis Centre, the English Institute of Sport and numerous hotels, bars, cafes, restaurants and a superstore. The benefits of this complex alone include £151 million investment in sports and leisure- a large amount of which was secured from Sport England (£165 million split between facilities construction and the provision for the athletes themselves), local people being involved in building the venues, community access guaranteed through targeted sessions at the venues, facilities being made available to local schools and clubs as well as people being trained as local sports coaches. “The transformational impact of Sportcity, in particular in re-positioning East Manchester as an attractive area to invest, would not have been possible without the Games” (Manchester City Council from www.gameslegacy.co.uk). Over the next fifteen years the area expects to attract in the region of £2 billion of investment from both the private and public sectors as a direct result of staging the Games and enabling people to rediscover Manchester as both a business and tourist destination. Both of these events and the subsequent positive effects that have been seen and felt by the community and the nation have led there to be a drive to stage further large events either in the country or even in the cities themselves. These successful ventures have led to an increased desire for the ‘feel good factor’ that is generated to be sought again. The communities in both Barcelona and Manchester fully supported the events that were being staged, which was evidenced by the huge demand for tickets for both Games. Hence both Spain and the United Kingdom have bid to host subsequent major events, with London securing the 2012 Olympic Games. The reasons behind the London bid for the Olympics are many. The bid began with the vision of the British Olympic Committee who felt that following the success of the Manchester Commonwealth games in terms of planning and eventual delivery, a credible case could be made for London to host the 2012 Games. The Mayor of London and the government were encouraged to see the vision for the future of sport in the United Kingdom and “strategies were developed and deployed around regeneration, legacy, employment, tourism, new housing and health of the nation” (www.olympics.org.uk). The ideology that is displayed here is one of community, encouraging the nation to take part in a global sporting event just for the event in itself but also for the improvement of the nation in a number of ways; the kudos of running a global event would put the United Kingdom in the spotlight and potentially lead to foreign investment for the economic betterment of the country as a whole; the opportunities for employment both pre and post Games; the chance to enhance the lives of those in the East End of London through the provision of new housing and sports facilities as well as the regeneration of a very run down area of the capital; the opportunity to improve the health of the nation as a whole (particularly its children) through increased awareness of sporting opportunities provided across the country and through a better understanding of the need to eat a healthy diet. There is also the direct sporting legacy which will exist as a result of the provision of world class facilities which can be accessed by both elite athletes and the general public. The ideas could not solely be based on the sporting angle and had to be a multi-dimensional benefit package in order for the government to be willing to underwrite the whole venture. A successful Games would bring untold benefits not only to the capital but the country as a whole; Baroness Valentine eluded to this when she said “the 2012 Games offer a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to transform an exhilarating but rundown part of London and, most importantly, transform the lives of people who find themselves excluded from London’s booming economy” (Evening Standard March, 2007). Those who were opposed to hosting the Games focused on the negative experiences of the cities who had made huge losses in the past and the fact that the direct benefits would only be felt by those in London and the surrounding area (with the notable exception of the sailing venue). Many highlighted the ideological vision of inclusion and opportunity for all as being undermined by the way that little consideration had apparently been given to hosting more of the events away from the capital and the financial effect that this event might have on the United Kingdom as a whole. Glyptis (1989) comments that when looking back on major events such as the Olympics, “virtually all provision had been made on the basis of assumed need and assumed benefit” which was rarely backed by evidence. Pete Wishat, Scottish Nationalist Member of Parliament for North Tayside voiced concerns when he said “I am strongly opposed to the UK taxpayer underwriting the entire cost, regardless of what that cost my finally be – and particularly when there is a very real danger of the London bid soaking up lottery funding from Scotland and elsewhere in the UK” (Daily Telegraph December, 2003). The experiences of the problems with the Millennium Dome also loomed large in people’s minds with regard to the eventual use of the facilities that were proposed for the Olympic Park. They did not want to have a financial millstone around their neck. They also voiced their concerns over the legacy that would be left – how could guarantees be given with regard to not only the facilities but also the sporting legacy for elite athletes and benefits to the nation as a whole through increased participation? Supporters of the event held a different and ultimately successful view; “increasingly sports events are part of a broader strategy aimed at raising the profile of a city and therefore success cannot be judged on simply a profit and loss basis” (Gratton, Henry, 2001 P 36). The National Heritage Committee (1995) stated that “it is clear that bids to stage major sporting events… can operate as a catalyst to stimulate economic regeneration even if they do not ultimately prove successful.” They drew upon the experiences of the organisers of the Manchester Commonwealth Games who were left with a superb legacy in terms of urban regeneration, better sporting facilities for all and increased employment opportunities. “The Games are a shot in the arm for the UK economy at this difficult time, offering jobs on the Olympic Park for the previously unemployed and millions of pounds worth of contracts for UK businesses” (John Armitt, www.london2012.com). The lasting effects of a venture such as this can be seen above through the experiences of Manchester following the hosting of the Commonwealth Games. The Western Mail (2005) stated that “while other nations boasted of their ability to run a smooth Games, Lord Coe’s team told the world how much it would mean to the future of this country and the Olympic movement if London was given the opportunity to stage the 2012 Games.” Lord Coe continued the theme of legacy when he said “we’re serious about inspiring young people because they will be touched most directly by our Games” (The Mirror July, 2005). There is also the ‘feel good factor’ of improved mood and morale in the country which can never be underestimated, as was evidenced by the huge crowds for the parade held in London for the medallists from the Beijing Olympics – “even though they are not present at a sports event, millions may gain benefits of this nature from it” (Gratton, Henry 2001 P 31). Many more can be reached as a result of the influence of the media and the blanket coverage that an event such as this receives and this has been a factor which has made sport far more important to all nations in recent years (Houlihan 1997). This has the effect of “enhancing the market benefits to the cities” (Gratton, Henry 2001 P 37) in terms of business investment and tourism and it also enables millions to be inspired by the efforts of others to participate in sport themselves. Overall the evidence that is available covering recent major sporting events would indicate that there will be a positive legacy for both London and the UK as a whole in hosting this event, as “…the real value of the games comes from being associated with the Olympic image” (Burbank; Andranovich; Heyling; Rienner 2001 P1). The plans that have been drawn up for the urban redevelopment, the creation of employment opportunities, increased tourism as well as the benefits of increased participation in sport, alongside better facilities for the training of elite athletes should bring the legacy for which the organisers are hoping. They reflect the idea that there must be an investment in the future if there are to be long term benefits across a variety of areas for the benefit of the largest amount of people possible. The implications of hosting an event like the Olympics for elite athletes and the general public are enormous. The elite athletes need world class facilities in which to train and prepare for major events and “more recently the government has sought to narrow the focus of sport policy, giving priority to a more limited range of sports and concentrating on youth/school sport and elite development” (Houlihan 1997 P 46). This will have the dual effect of producing the elite athletes of the future, while providing for the people who are at the top of their chosen field now. This follows the idea that sport is for all and that all should be provided with the opportunity to fulfil their full potential. A glowing example of this effect is the success of the British Cycling team in the Beijing Olympics. Having been able to utilise the velodrome in Manchester (specifically constructed for the Commonwealth Games in 2002) as a training base and centre of excellence, their results in both the Olympics and the recent World Championships have been staggering. They not only reflect well on the government in terms of their investment but also in terms of the kudos that such results bring to the country as a whole. This in turn has brought a ‘feel good’ factor to the cycling community, to the city of Manchester where the team is based and has had an effect on the amount of people who are enquiring about participating in cycling. The investment in elite athletes who achieve success can have a direct effect on the numbers of those who are wishing to become involved with any given sport. Another spin off from this is the training and subsequent employment of coaches within sport to nurture the talent that is emerging as a result of increased participation. Increased funding to train coaches also has the effect of helping sport at the ‘grassroots’ level. The more coaches that are available, the more people can be involved in the enjoyment of their chosen activity as a part of the community – “community sporting capacity will be improved in a number of ways, such as training and development of volunteers, leaders and coaches…” (London 2012 Community Sports Legacy, www.sportengland,org.uk ). There is a chance to “provide excluded groups with opportunities for participation and inclusion” (Bradford MDC 1997). There is also the opportunity to increase the emphasis that is being laid on sport in schools and for the youth of Britain, in order to foster the idea of a healthy lifestyle in terms of both physical activity and the way that people regard their health. Media coverage of the event will also have the effect of keeping sport in the public eye in a positive way, highlighting the benefits of a healthy lifestyle and encouraging people to become involved in sport. They have a responsibility to continually highlight the facilities that are available, how to be able to contact the national organising bodies for each sport in Britain and the benefits of becoming involved in sporting activity.“The success of the Games will, in part, be measured by the increase in ordinary people taking exercise at new sports facilities…” (Evening Standard 2007). Only long term study will reveal the full extent of the effect of the Games on sport as there needs to be a sustained long term effect rather than ‘a flash in the pan.’ Clearly the UK government and the organisers of the London Games hope that “the legacy of the Games will be twofold. Physically they will bequeath a redeveloped area in and around the Olympics site… the Games are meant to deliver a more sporting nation…” (Evening Standard 2008). The former will be much easier to assess in the short term – the latter will need to be looked at over the months and years following the Games. Bibliography Burbank, M; Andranovich, G. D; Heyling, C.H; Rienner, L. 2001 Olympic Dreams:The Impact of Mega Events on Local Politics Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Glyptis 1989 Leisure and Unemployment Milton Keynes: OUP Gratton, C; Henry, I. 2001 Sport in The City; The Role of Sport in Economic and Social Regeneration London: Routledge Houlihan, B 1997 Sport, Policy and Politics: A Comparative Analysis London: Routledge Roche, M 2000 Mega-events and Modernity: Olympics and Expos in The Growth of Global Culture New York: Routledge Bradford Metropolitan District Council Recreation Division 1997 A Strategy For Sport and Recreation; A Framework and Guiding Principles National Heritage Committee 1995 Bids to Stage International Sporting Events Fifth Report House of Commons London: HMSO Daily Telegraph December 29, 2003 from www.telegraph.co.uk Evening Standard November 22, 2006 Monster Truck Races, Dilapidated stands and a Billion Dollar Debt that after 30 Years Will Finally Be Paid This Month – The Warning We in London Must All Heed From The Montreal Olympics Evening Standard March 1, 2007 MPs and Peers Poised For Revolt over 2012 Raid on Lottery Funds Evening Standard May 15, 2007 The Councils Who Are Failing to Make London Fit for 2012 Games; Boroughs Not Investing in Facilities Evening Standard May 15, 2008 The Real Legacy of The Olympics The Mirror July 7, 2005 London Olympics 2012: Our Golden Generation; Lord Coe Winning The Games For London Can Bring Kids Back To Sport Western Mail July 7, 2005 Editorial Comment on Olympic Games Which Can Be A Winner For Us All www.gameslegacy.co.uk www.london2012.com www.olympics.org.uk www.sportengland.org Impact of London Hosting the 2012 Olympics
Inclusion is an international agenda. It is practiced in both developed and developing countries in the world. In wealthy developed countries (eg United States, Australia) large body of research has highlighted the benefits of inclusion for all students. Inclusion in many developing countries has provided educational alternative for as many children as possible (Lim, L.
Community Organizing Essay. Introduction Community is a group of people living in the same geographical location sharing some common beliefs or even culture. It is an important unit in the social sciences. Therefore, understanding it is crucial. The best way to describe the community is by experiencing the values first hand. This strategy involves living in that community. It is with this knowledge that I will attempt to describe the community in which I live with the purpose of understanding cultural diversity. A brief description of the community will be done with the use of statistical and geographical characteristics followed by an evaluation of the changes through time since I joined the community. The issues that the community deals with will then be discussed with appropriate recommendations being made. Demographic characteristics Having moved from Colombia a few years ago at the age of 18 years, I settled in the city of Downey California, which still serves as my current city of residence. Downey had a population of 111,868 people in 2011 representing a population change of 4.2% since the year 2000 (Farley,Community Organizing Essay

Violence and Bullying Within the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Community

Violence in relationships and bullying has been a growing problem in the United States. Victimization is very prevalent in society especially among the LGBTQ community. Studies have shown that if your sexual orientation was known or even if an individual’s peers assumed their sexual orientation that they were more likely to get victimized to the same extent as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) individuals and experience the same psychological changes. Bullying occurs more often than with transgender individuals than cisgender or Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual (LGB) combined, especially in school settings Dank, Lachman, Zweig, and Yahmer (2013) examined the prevalence of dating abuse and violence among LGB versus heterosexual youth. Participants were 5,647 youth participants from New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Of the participants in the study, six percent identified as LGB while the other 94% identified as heterosexual. Some of the demographic characteristics in the study included what the participants sexual orientation was, what was their gender as well as their age and race/ethnicity. Participants completed an anonymous survey online. Dank et al. (2013) assessed the participants school performance, parental involvement, risk behaviors, psychosocial adjustment, and social interaction, dating abuse and violence (p. 850). The authors also assess the experiences with dating and abuse. For example, Dank et al. (2013) look at several types of abuse, like physical dating, psychological dating, cyber dating abuse as well as sexual coercion and help-seeking behavior (p. 848-850). The researchers designed a questionnaire specifically for this research. The researchers indicated that there were significant rates with the LGB youth when it came to psychological dating abuse (59%) than heterosexual youth (46.4%). When looking at the table, it showed that heterosexual youths had higher rates than LGB youth’s academic performance and how much their parents were involved. The table showed that transgender youth participants reported significantly higher rates than cisgender youths for abuse. Authors found that participants in the study demonstrated that their experiences with violence in their relationships indicated possible effects long-term into the future The results of this study provided more information as to the higher rate of dating abuse and violence among LGB youth compared to heterosexual youth. With the information from this study, the LGBTQ community can raise awareness and have interventions to reduce the incidence of violence. When there is violence in the relationship at early age, it is more likely to occur in their future relationships as well. LGB youth can become so accustomed to violence at an early age, they might think it is normal and that their partner is showing them how much they love them. In the future, they will just stick to the same patterns, looking for partners that are abusive because it is what they know or think they deserve. There are several limitations in Dank et al.’s (2013) study. The first limitation could be that the percentages of dating violence and abuse might be an underestimate. Even though the participants knew the survey was anonymous, the participants could have been reluctant to tell the truth and could have lied on the survey which affects the results of the study. Most victims of dating abuse and violence do not want to speak up about what is going on their relationship which could lead them to lie. Another limitation is that the researchers only focused on three states for the study and for future research the authors should expand the locations. The socioeconomic status is not identified and should be in future research to determine whether it is considered a relevant variable. For future research, the study should include this information because rates could be significantly higher with a certain socioeconomic status than the other. Goldblum et al. (2012) explored whether there was a correlation between gender-based victimization (GBV) in school and suicide attempts among trans youth. Researchers recruited 350 participants of which 290 reported in-school GBV (hostility, distress or insensitivity). Goldblum et al. (2012), recruited the participants through either support groups, websites, diverse types of networks or service providers (p. 470). The study was conducted of transgender people throughout Virginia. According to the researchers, “the participant demographic included Caucasian (65.9%), African American (22.1%), multi-racial (7.2%), Hispanic (2.4%), Asian or Pacific Islander (0.7%), Native American (0.3%), and other (0.3%)” (Goldblum et al.,2012, p. 470). The researchers looked at the participants socioeconomic status (SES) and in this study the participants were primarily of the low and middle SES. Participants completed a survey for this study that was either a paper version (English or Spanish) and an internet version. The researchers looked at the difference between the various subgroups within the trans community. The survey in this focused on in-school GBV, suicide attempts, whether the participants completed school or not because of GBV and what age were they when they were aware of their gender identity. The researchers indicated that 44.8% of the 290 participants experienced in-school GBV from other students and faculty because of their gender identity. When looking at the different subgroups, results indicated that trans men (60.5%) experienced higher in-school GBV than trans women (38.8%). Goldblum et al. (2012) found that of all the 290 participants, 28.5% reported history of suicide attempts and were significantly higher in trans men (32.1%) than trans women (26.5%). Ethnicity and SES were both positively correlated with suicide attempts. Goldblum et al. (2012) also found the participants in the “other” category had the highest reported attempts (60.0%). The suicide attempt rate for low SES was 30.5% while middle SES (29.0%) was close in reported statistics. The results of this study provided more information as to the impact of in-school GBV and suicide among trans youth. When youths come out, most people are not as accepting as others, which can make them feel that suicide is the only way out because they do not have the support that they all deserve to have. When coming out, many individual risk getting bullied or victimized, which increases the chances for suicide among transgender youth. These results demonstrated that suicide is a growing concern for all youths but, especially for the LGBTQ community because individuals in society are not accepting and want to take their hate out of transgender youth. There are several limitations in Goldblum et al.’s (2012) study. The first limitation is would in-school GBV and the researchers operational definition of it. The researcher’s operational definition of GBV was a limitation because they only focused on hostility, insensitivity or distress. For future research, the study should include other types of bullying for example, physical or cyberbullying. The researcher could look into GBV versus bullying (physically) or cyberbullying and see if they are similar in ways. The researchers could also research cisgender youth and transgender youth and determine the rates of bullying between both and how prevalent they are between the two. Another limitation is the reliability of the study. This is a limitation because the results of the study could be misconstrued because the participants might not reveal the truth on the survey and lie. Some people would not want to tell the truth because they do not want to be a part of a statistic. For future research, natural observation should be included, which might help with accurate results as well as include a comparison or a control group. They could compare cisgender to trans youth, or cisgender compared to LGBTQ youth. Toomey, Diaz, and Russell (2013) examined if there was a correlation between lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth who are nonconforming and their experiences of victimization and how it would affect the participants depression or life satisfaction in the future. Researchers recruited 245 LGBT adults from the San Francisco Bay Area. The participants were around 21-25 years old, either Caucasian (48.6%) or Latino (51.4%) and came out as to at least one of their parents. Data was also provided by the Family Acceptance Project. According to Toomey et al. (2013), the participants in the study were lesbian (27.8%), gay (42.5%), bisexual (13.1%) or other (16.7%) (p.74). The researchers-controlled “gender, sexual orientation, coming out, immigrant status, ethnicity and families socioeconomic status (SES)” (Toomey et al., 2013, p. 72-73). Participants completed a survey for this study. The survey was either administered online, in person and was available in Spanish or English. The researchers operationally defined psychosocial adjustment as the participants well-being, life satisfaction and depression. Toomey et al. (2013) examined at gender nonconformity, self-reported victimization and life satisfaction. Results indicated that for gender nonconformity, females were less than men and transgender youth to be nonconforming during adolescence. Comparing males and transgender youth, transgender youth had the highest levels. Researchers discovered a correlation with victimization and gender nonconformity, which was correlated with depression and decreased life satisfaction. The results of this study provided more information into victimization of the LGBT adolescents and that it leads to depression in adulthood. Readers should care about this research study because it shows what victimization can do individuals and how it affects them psychologically long-term. Readers should want to care about victimization of adolescents, so they can raise awareness about it and try to help reduce or prevent it from happening in the future. School systems should raise awareness also and take precautionary measures to try to prevent it from happening in the school and make it a safer place where students will be excited to go everyday instead of dreading it. There are many limitations in this study. First, the results are not considered to be generalizable. The researchers only focus on residents in California and for future research, the study should include other states and even different countries. Another limitation is the researcher’s operational definition of psychosocial adjustment because it is limited into what they are researching. For future research, more factors should be included other than life satisfaction and depression. According to the researchers, a limitation they found was that mentioned school victimization and that was their only focus instead of including violence. This is a limitation because not all participants experience the same victimizations as others. Also, violence might be more prevalent. For future research, violence and several types of bullying should be included as well as using a different kind of measure because a survey is not very accurate. Wernick, Kulick, and Inglehart (2014) explored the relationship between bullying and transgender youth (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQQ)) and the witnessing of people intervening. The researchers operationally defined trans in the study as “transgender, genderqueer, and individuals who do not identify with the gender assigned to them at birth” (Wernick et al., 2014, p. 927). Researchers recruited 1,171 participants from four different high schools in Michigan, and more than half were Caucasian and cisgender. Participants in each school were given a survey that was administered by their teachers. The survey consisted of questions that had the participants answer from one- five. The researchers were trying to find out that if certain phrases were said, were peers likely to help or just watch as it happens. The demographic backgrounds in the study, like age, race and gender were controlled. Results indicated from the survey, that when a certain phrase was being said to a transgender student, most of the participants were unlikely to intervene. Wernick et al. (2014) found that most transgender students tend not to not report any type harassment to any of the faculty members. The authors found that when there were transgender students being harassed or bullied and the peers watched as it happened, no one reported anything, not even the faculty. The results of the study provided readers with more information on anti-transgender harassment and bullying and how individuals are unwilling to intervene. LGBTQQ students should feel comfortable in their school and should be allowed to tell the faculty what is going on without fear of judgement or harassment, especially on the faculties end. Readers should care about this study because LGBTQQ students should feel safe wherever they are, especially at school. These findings can be used out into the world, by having assemblies and raising awareness to students all over the country about the impact of bullying LGBTQQ youth and what it does to individuals when no one will speak up about the situation. There are many limitations in this study. First, are the researchers in this study only focus on one state, Michigan and four different schools in the same district. These limit the generalizability of the results. For future research, it could be beneficial for it to include schools from different districts as well as different states and do a comparison. Another limitation is that most of the participants are Caucasian and cisgender. Different minorities are affected more than others and Caucasians sometimes have more privilege and do not experience the same struggles minorities face. Future research should try to include all minorities and determine if there is a difference between the them when it comes to harassment or if the results would be similar. When it comes to bullying, harassment and violence of the LGBTQQ community, we have found out many things. What we know is that there are many factors that contribute to depression and other mental health issues. LGBTQQ youth are the most susceptible especially when they are in high school. During these years, is the start of the violence, bullying and victimization. From the articles, transgender youth are more vulnerable than LGB youth when it comes to bullying, dropping out of school or attempting/committing suicide because of the violence. What we do not know is how to decrease the violence, bullying and victimization within the LGBTQQ community. The articles raise awareness but make no attempt to find a way that lowers the rate of suicide, bullying, harassment and victimization. All the articles but Dank et al. (2014) focus their studies on one state, which results in the study not being generalizable. All the articles consisted of self-report measures or surveys. These measures can have a lack of honest or interest. Some of the participants, will just fill the survey out, disregarding the questions completely and the validity and reliability of the study can be questioned. Another limitation is all the articles but Dank et al. (2014) only focus on transgender youth. It could be more beneficial if the focus would be transgender youth and either compare them with other minorities or Caucasian youth to determine if the results would vary or stay the same. References Dank, M., Lachman, P., Zweig, J. M.,

Northlake College Evolution Religion and Intelligent Design Discussion

best assignment help Northlake College Evolution Religion and Intelligent Design Discussion.

I’m working on a philosophy discussion question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

Evolution, Religion, and Intelligent DesignEvolution, Religion, and Intelligent DesignMany people mistakenly believe that a belief in evolution precludes a belief in God or intelligent design; in other words, some people falsely think that one must be an atheist or agnostic to believe in evolution and the Big Bang. The Catholic Church is one example of a religious institution that has long held the view that evolution and the Big Bang explain ‘how we got here.’ Read the below article from the Catholic Herald, and then answer the following questions: Why do you think so many people are mistaken about the ability to believe in God as well as evolution and the Big Bang? Do you find anything problematic about combining religious and scientific explanations of the universe? Explain.NB: In this discussion, students often misuse the word ‘theory’, saying things such as “the Big Bang/evolution are ‘just’ theories.” But to say this is a misuse of the word ‘theory’ as it applies to scientific theory. Many people misunderstand the word as it is used in the realm of science, thinking it to mean a guess, a hypothetical, untested idea. However, in science, ‘theory’ means something different. Please read the article below:”Just a Theory”: 7 Misused Science Words – Scientific AmericanArticle from the Catholic HeraldBy Patrick Cusworth October 31, 2014Pope Francis’s comments on the Big Bang are not revolutionary. Catholic teaching has long professed the likelihood of human evolutionPerhaps it was inevitable that Pope Francis’ comments on the Church’s position on scientific theories such as the Big Bang and evolution would cause a stir. In his address to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, the Pope cautioned against the image of God the creator as “a magician, with a magic wand”, arguing that belief in both theories around the beginnings of the universe and the birth of humankind are consistent with the Catholic faith.“The Big Bang, which is today posited as the origin of the world, does not contradict the divine act of creation; rather, it requires it”, he stated. Similarly, he argued, “evolution of nature is not inconsistent with the notion of creation because evolution pre-supposes the creation of beings which evolve.”Yet despite further murmurings that Pope Francis was beginning (yet another) revolution in Catholic doctrine, it must be pointed out – the Pope’s declaration on either theory has not broken with established Catholic belief in the slightest.The Big Bang theory, originally hypothesised in 1927 by Jesuit priest and physicist Georges Lemaître, is based on the central proposition that the universe is continually expanding. As a preposition, the universe was originally contained within a single point, in a highly intense state of heat and density. As the universe began to expand it cooled, allowing the formation of subatomic particles, which began a series of physical cosmological processes, which led eventually to the known universe. While this has become the most commonly accepted explanation for the beginnings of the universe, many scientists have previously expressed an instinctive opposition to the notion of a beginning point, since this would represent a question which science could not answer – as Professor Stephen Hawking concluded in his autobiography, “One would have to appeal to religion and the hand of God to determine how the universe started off”.Turning to Pope Francis’ comments on evolution, Catholic teaching has long professed the likelihood of human evolution – albeit with the proviso that this takes place under the guidance of the Creator, and that special creation of the human soul is performed directly by God. As Pope Pius XII stated in Humani Generis (art. 36): “the teaching authority of the Church does not forbid that, in conformity with the present state of human sciences and sacred theology, research and discussions… take place with regard to the doctrine of evolution, in as far as it inquires into the origin of the human body as coming from pre-existent and living matter – for the Catholic faith obliges us to hold that souls are immediately created by God”.Pope John Paul II specifically endorsed this position in his own address to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences in 1996, declaring that since publication of the latter encyclical, “new findings lead us toward the recognition of evolution as more than a hypothesis… The convergence in the results of these independent studies constitutes in itself a significant argument in favour of the theory”.While it is refreshing to see the Pope’s pronouncements upon matters scientific reaching and being welcomed by individuals not generally well disposed toward the Church, the implicit suggestion that Pope Francis has somehow brought about a radical change in the Vatican worldview is a misleading one. The Church has a centuries-long history of promoting scientific inquiry – long may it continue. MLA format Works Linked/Cited:Cusworth, Patrick. “Pope Francis’s Comments On the Big Bang are not Revolutionary. Catholic Teaching Has Long Professed the Likelihood of Human Evolution.” Catholic Herald. 31 Oct. 2014,Pope Francis’s comments on the Big Bang are not revolutionary. Catholic teaching has long professed the likelihood of human evolution – Catholic Herald. Accessed 30 Apr. 2018.Ghose, Tia. “’Just a Theory’: 7 Misused Science Words.” Scientific American. 2 Apr. 2013,”Just a Theory”: 7 Misused Science Words – Scientific American. Accessed 22 Aug. 2018. Children and EvilChildren and EvilOne solution often given for the problem of evil is that evil is part of a divine ‘plan’ or ‘harmony’ that we cannot see. In 1734, Alexander Pope expressed this view in his poem “An Essay on Man: Epistle I”:“All nature is but art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see; All discord, harmony, not understood; All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of pride, in erring reason’s spite, One truth is clear, Whatever is, is right.”For some, however, this answer is unsatisfactory. Evil against children is one example given as a counterargument to this position: why would an all-loving god allow innocent children to suffer? The character Ivan expresses this view in Theodore Dostoevsky’s 1880 novel The Brothers Karamazov:“I want to be there when everyone suddenly understands what it has all been for. All the religions of the world are built on this longing, and I am a believer. But then there are the children, and what am I to do about them? That’s a question I can’t answer. For the hundredth time I repeat, there are numbers of questions, but I’ve only taken the children, because in their case what I mean is so unanswerably clear. Listen! If all must suffer to pay for the eternal harmony, what have children to do with it, tell me, please? It’s beyond all comprehension why they should suffer, and why they should pay for the harmony.”Sam Harris, a neuroscientist and philosopher, addresses this problem in a debate with Dr. William Lane Craig at the University of Notre Dame. Watch the video below, and then respond to how Harris addresses this specific aspect of the problem of evil, evil against children. What argument does he make in this debate? What is your response to his argument? Read the below note carefully before writing your post; responses that do not accurately address the prompt will not receive full credit.NB: One skill we work on developing in philosophy courses is understanding and summarizing arguments so that we can better evaluate them and respond to them. Because students often respond to this post without describing Harris’ argument and without providing a valid response (a valid response is one based on reasons, not simply on personal religious beliefs), I have included the example below as an example of how you should structure your response. ‘My friend Cecelia claims that covid is a hoax created by liberals to make Trump lose the election. She defends her claim by saying that nobody she knows has gotten covid, that the deaths being reported are not from covid but from other causes, and that the media is making everything up because the media is liberal. My response to her argument is that covid is not a hoax. Just because she doesn’t know anyone who has gotten covid, that doesn’t mean it’s not real. For example, I don’t know anyone who has gotten malaria, but, plenty of evidence exists that malaria is real. Just because one doesn’t know someone directly afflicted by a disease, that doesn’t mean the disease isn’t real. Her claim that the deaths being reported are not from covid suggests that every doctor all over the world is in collusion to falsely report causes of death. Maybe there are some doctors who would agree to do that, but not every doctor all over the world who has reported deaths from covid. And her point about the media is also subject to the same criticism. It is very unlikely that the media all over the world is liberal and is making up or even exaggerating covid to cause Trump to lose the election. For example, if that’s the case, why would so many people in the media in places like Japan, France, Australia, Brazil, and many other places, all be conspiring to make sure Trump isn’t elected? So, my friend Cecelia’s argument is weak, at best ’Your response should take the following form:‘Harris is arguing that x is the case. He defends his claim with these reasons (list reasons). My response to his argument is….(give specific reasons that directly address his reasons).’Make sure to follow the instructions given in Unit 1 in the Discussion Forums: Protocol and Grading Criteria folder for making specific references to texts, videos, and podcasts; posts that do not make references according to these instructions will not receive full credit.Works Linked/Cited:Craig, William Lane. Biological Sketch. 2018.William Lane Craig | Apologetics | Reasonable Faith. Accessed 30 Apr. 2018. Harris, Sam. About Sam Harris. 2018.About Sam Harris | Neuroscientist, Philosopher, & Best-selling Author. Accessed 30 Apr. 2018.Pope, Alexander. An Essay on Man: Epistle I. Poetry Foundation. no date.An Essay on Man: Epistle I by Alexander Pope | Poetry Foundation. Accessed 30 Apr. 2018.“Sam Harris – God is Either Impotent or Evil.” YouTube, uploaded by Skepthick, 30 Mar. 2014. Sam Harris – God is either impotent or evil – YouTube. Accessed 19 Aug. 2020.Personal Identity and Genetic ModificationPersonal Identity and Genetic ModificationIn Chapter 6, you read about problems of self/personal identity, the difficulties in answering the question ‘who am I?’ Recent developments in genetic technology are making issues of personal identity more complicated than they have ever been. In the very near future, we may be able to create designer people; personal identity, though we do not even agree on what that is, may be malleable in ways previously only possible in fiction. Watch the Ted Talk “The Ethical Dilemma of Designer Babies” and then answer the following:What are the two points made by Paul Knoepfler that resonated with you most? (this might mean scared you the most, intrigued you the most, and the like). Do you agree with Knoepfler that, at least for now, we should ban the genetic modification of humans? Why or why not? And, if you could genetically modify yourself, alter your personal identity in some way, would you do it?! Explain.Make sure to follow the instructions given in Unit 1 in the Discussion Forums: Protocol and Grading Criteria folder for making specific references to texts, videos, and podcasts; posts that do not make references according to these instructions will not receive full credit.
Northlake College Evolution Religion and Intelligent Design Discussion

Grossmont College A Clash of Interests in Villa 31 Report

Grossmont College A Clash of Interests in Villa 31 Report.

THIS IS THE SECOND INSTALLMENT OF THE TWO NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS REVIEWS THAT YOU WILL SUBMIT FOR THIS CLASS. THIS REVIEW IS TO BE AT LEAST 3-4 PAGES AND THIS DUE DATE OF JULY 9, AT 11:59 PM CORRESPONDS TO SOUTH AMERICA, SUCH AS ARGENTINA, CHILE, BRAZIL, ECUADOR, ETC. PLEASE SUBMIT YOUR REVIEW THROUGH CANVAS IN EITHER OF THE FOLLOWING FORMATS: DOC, DOCX OR PDF. LATE PAPERS WILL BE ACCEPTED BUT ONLY FOR ONE WEEK AFTER THE ASSIGNED DUE DATE AND WILL BE ASSESSED A FULL GRADE DEDUCTION. PLEASE USE BOTH A TITLE PAGE AND A WORKS CITED PAGE (NEITHER OF THESE PAGES COUNT TOWARD YOUR 3-4 PAGES OF TEXT). BOTH REPORTS WILL COUNT AS A COMBINED 35% TOWARD YOUR FINAL GRADE, WITH EACH REVIEW COUNTING AS 17.5% OF YOUR OVERALL GRADE. IN YOUR WORKS CITED PAGE, COMPOSE YOUR ARTICLE ENTRY IN A FORMAT LIKE THIS:
MEDEA BENJAMIN AND LEONARDO FLORES, “RURAL TEACHER PEDRO CASTILLO POISED TO WRITE A NEW CHAPTER IN PERU’S HISTORY,” NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS WEBSITE (JUNE 8, 2021).

HERE IS A LIST OF ARTICLES FROM THE NACLA WEBSITE PERTAINING TO REGIONS FOR THE JULY 9 DUE DATE. EVERYBODY, JUST PICK ANY ONE ARTICLE FROM THIS LIST FOR YOUR JULY 9 REVIEW. JUST FOLLOW THE SAME FORMAT FOR YOUR FIRST NACLA SUBMISSION. THESE ARTICLES RANGE IN DATE FROM FEBRUARY 2019 TO JUNE 2021. FOR THIS LIST, I’M GOING IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER BY NATION (NOTE: MORE RECENT ARTICLES SINCE OCTOBER 2020 ARE INDICATED BY THE PARENTHESES):
ARGENTINA:

A CLASH OF INTERESTS IN VILLA 31 (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ACTIVISTS CALL FOR LEGISLATION TO PROTECT ARGENTINA’S WETLANDS (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
ACTIVISTS KEEP ARGENTINA’S ABORTION REFORM ON THE AGENDA DESPITE COVID-19 (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
ANOTHER IMF BAILOUT IN ARGENTINA

I want to know you have more option what you want to write if you want..

ARGENTINA: A TENTATIVE CASE FOR DEMOCRATIC POPULISM (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ARGENTINA’S FAILING FRACKING EXPERIMENT (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ARGENTINA AND THE IMF: WHAT TO EXPECT WITH THE LIKELY RETURN OF KIRCHNERISM

DEAD GIRLS (BOOK REVIEW) (JUNE 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

DECADES AFTER ARGENTINA’S DICTATORSHIP, THE ABUELAS CONTINUE REUNITING FAMILIES (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

DEMANDS FOR LAND AND HOUSING CONTINUE AFTER GUERNICA EVICTION (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

FEMINISTS FIGHT COVID ON BUENOS AIRES’ URBAN MARGINS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN ARGENTINA, A “RIGHT TURN” THAT WASN’T AND LEFT-PERONISM’S UNLIKELY COMEBACK (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN ARGENTINA, THE NEXT GENERATION FINDS ITS VOICE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MACRI’S FAILED FRACKING DREAMS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MACRI’S YELLOW BALLOONS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

“OUR STRUGGLE IS NOT JUST FOR OURSELVES, IT IS FOR ALL WORKERS” (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PUBLIC DEBT DEFINES FIRST YEAR OF FERNÁNDEZ PRESIDENCY (DEC. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE AUDACITY AND CALCULATIONS OF CRISTINA KIRCHNER (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE CONSEQUENCES OF MR. MACRI

THE UNION OF LAND WORKERS IS CREATING A NEW FOOD PARADIGM IN ARGENTINA (APR. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
BOLIVIA:

A NEW MAS ERA IN BOLIVIA (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLIVIA HAS PROVIDED US A RADICAL VISION OF HOPE (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLIVIA’S PATH TO CAMACHO (INTERVIEW) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLIVIA’S PLURINATIONAL HEALTHCARE REVOLUTION WILL NOT BE DEFEATED (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLIVIA’S SCHOOL CLOSURES WILL DEEPEN DIVIDE OF WHO GETS TO STUDY (SEPT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLIVIA’S TRAGIC TURMOIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CENTURIES OF FIRE: REBEL MEMORY AND ANDEAN UTOPIAS IN BOLIVIA (BOOK EXCERPT) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

EVO MORALES WINS BOLIVIA’S ELECTION, BUT FRAUD ALLEGATIONS TARNISH THE VICTORY (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

HISTORY AT THE BARRICADES: EVO MORALES AND THE POWER OF THE PAST IN BOLIVIAN POLITICS (BOOK EXCERPT) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MAS REGAINS BOLIVIAN PRESIDENCY (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MIXED RESULTS FOR THE MAS IN BOLIVIA REGIONAL ELECTIONS (MARCH 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

REMEMBERING ORLANDO GUTIÉRREZ OF THE BOLIVIA MINERS UNION (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

STATE VIOLENCE IN ÁÑEZ’S BOLIVIA: INTERVIEW WITH HUMAN RIGHTS LAWYER DAVID INCA APAZA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

SURVIVORS FIGHT FOR JUSTICE FOR 2003 BOLIVIAN MILITARY MASSACRE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE HIGHS AND LOWS OF BOLIVIA’S REBEL CITY (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

TRUMP BETS ON CLOSER TIES WITH BOLIVIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

UNDERSTANDING BOLIVIA’S NIGHTMARE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

UNDERSTANDING MAS’S WINNING STRATEGY IN BOLIVIA (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

WILL EVO MORALES SURVIVE BOLIVIA’S FIRES? (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
BRAZIL:

ATTACKS ON BRAZILIAN PRESS INCREASE UNDER BOLSONARO (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BOLSONARO AND BRAZIL COURT THE GLOBAL FAR RIGHT (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BRAZIL: CORRUPTION AS A MODE OF RULE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BRAZIL FALTERS IN PUBLIC HEALTH LEADERSHIP (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BRAZIL’S VULNERABLE LEFT BEHIND IN THE PANDEMIC (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

FINDING MARIELLE FRANCO’S KILLERS

FORDLÂNDIA AND CAPITALISM’S FANTASY IN THE AMAZON (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

GUNS, CRIME, AND CORRUPTION: BOLSONARO’S FIRST MONTH IN OFFICE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

LAWFARE UNMASKED IN BRAZIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

LINGERING TRAUMA IN BRAZIL: POLICE VIOLENCE AGAINST BLACK WOMEN

MADALENA (FILM REVIEW)(MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MARIELLE FRANCO, PRESENTE! (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MARIELLE FRANCO’S SEEDS: BLACK WOMEN AND THE 2020 BRAZILIAN ELECTION (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

OUTSOURCING REPRESSION (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PANDEMIC WORSENS WORKING CONDITIONS IN BRAZIL’S INFORMAL CARE ECONOMY (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PAULINHO PAIAKAN DIES OF COVID-19 IN BRAZIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

“RACIAL DEMOCRACY” RELOADED (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE BURNING QUEST TO REVIVE A NATIONALIST VISION IN BRAZIL’S AMAZON (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE INVERSION OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN BRAZIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE LOSING STRUGGLE FOR BRAZILIAN DEMOCRACY (FILM REVIEW) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE SOCIAL COST OF BOLSONARO’S DENIAL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

TRIGGERING POLICE VIOLENCE IN BRAZIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

U.S. EXPANDS INFLUENCE IN THE BRAZILIAN AMAZON DURING PANDEMIC (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

UNDERSTANDING THE FIRES IN SOUTH AMERICA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

URBANISMO MILICIANO IN RIO DE JANEIRO (ALSO AVAILABLE IN SPANISH) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

WE WILL ALL BE JUDGED BY HISTORY: POLITICAL UPHEAVAL IN BRAZIL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

WITH LULA BACK, THE POLITICAL FIGHT IN BRAZIL IS BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND AUTHORITARIANISM (MARCH 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
CHILE:

BURYING PINOCHET (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CHILDREN WHO COME FROM AFAR (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CHILE’S ENVIRONMENTAL BETRAYAL (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CHILE’S STRUGGLE TO DEMOCRATIZE THE STATE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CHILEAN ARPILLERAS SUSTAIN POLITICAL MOMENTUM DURING LOCKDOWN (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CREATIVITY AT THE SERVICE OF SOCIAL MOBILIZATION IN CHILE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

FIRE AND FURY IN THE CHILEAN “OASIS” (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN CHILE, THE POST-NEOLIBERAL FUTURE IS NOW (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MAPUCHE POLITICAL PRISONERS CONTINUE STRUGGLE FOR LAND AND FREEDOM (DEC. 2020)

MEMORY ON CHILE’S FRONTLINES (JUNE 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PINOCHET-ERA INTELLIGENCE AGENT FACES EXTRADITION FROM AUSTRALIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PROFESSORS TEST THE LIMITS OF “ME TOO” IN CHILE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

SOCIAL PROGRESS DEFERRED IN CHILE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE CHILEAN STATE SEEKS TO BAN THE POETS (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE REALITY IN CHILE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE SANTIAGO METRO AS A MICROCOSM OF CHILE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

TOWARD A PEOPLE’S CONSTITUTION FOR CHILE (NOV. 2020)

WHAT DOES CHILE’S NEW LEFT WANT? (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
COLOMBIA:

A NEW PROGRESSIVE MOVEMENT SCORES LANDSLIDE LOCAL VICTORIES IN COLOMBIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

AFRO-COLOMBIANS PROTEST VIOLENCE AND GOVERNMENT NEGLECT IN BUENAVENTURA (MARCH 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

BEHIND THE NATIONAL STRIKE IN COLOMBIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

“BIRDS OF PASSAGE:” INDIGENOUS COMMUNITIES REWRITE THE DRUG WAR

COLOMBIA RISES UP (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COLOMBIA’S ENVIRONMENTAL CRISIS ACCELERATES UNDER DUQUE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COLOMBIA’S LONGEST INSURGENCY AND THE LAST CHANCE FOR PEACE? (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COLOMBIA’S NATIONAL PROTESTS SHOW THAT INFRASTRUCTURE, TOO, IS POLITICSLINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.

COLOMBIAN UPRISING TAKES AIM AT INEQUALITY (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COLOMBIANS QUESTION DEPLOYMENT OF U.S. SECURITY FORCES (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CORONAVIRUS AND THE COLOMBIAN COUNTRYSIDE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

CREATIVE RESISTANCE IN MEDELLÍN’S CHANGING PUBLIC SPACE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

EMPTY SEATS AND FULL STREETS IN THE COLOMBIAN MINGA (OCT. 2020)

FEMINIST POLITICAL MOVEMENT ORGANIZES FOR CHANGE IN COLOMBIA (APR. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

FORMER FARC COMBATANTS FACE THEIR PASTS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN COLOMBIA, CIVIL SOCIETY FIGHTS FOR PEACE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN COLOMBIA, THE PRESS UNDER FIRE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

KILO: LIFE AND DEATH INSIDE THE SECRET WORLD OF THE COCAINE CARTELS (BOOK REVIEW) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MARIJUANA BOOM: THE RISE AND FALL OF COLOMBIA’S FIRST DRUG PARADISE (BOOK REVIEW) (JAN. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

MASSACRES IN COLOMBIA LAY BARE NEXT PHASE OF THE CONFLICT (SEPT. 2020)

MONEY HEIST OR GUERRILLA HEIST? (JUNE 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PROTESTS AGAINST POLICE BRUTALITY SPREAD IN COLOMBIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

REJECTING INEQUALITY AND STATE VIOLENCE IN COLOMBIA (LINK TO SEVERAL OTHER NACLA ARTICLES; PICK ONE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE)

SEXUAL VIOLENCE: A WEAPON TO SILENCE WOMEN PROTESTING IN COLOMBIA (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE BRINK OF EXTINCTION IN COLOMBIA

THE COLOMBIAN STATE MISREPRESENTS ITS ENEMY (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE GREEN ERASURE OF INDIGENOUS LIFE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE WIDE-ANGLE LENS OF COLOMBIA’S NATIONAL STRIKE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

VICTIMS OF COLOMBIAN CONFLICT SEEK RESOLUTION THROUGH TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE (JAN. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

VITAL DECOMPOSITION (BOOK REVIEW)

WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO CESAR, COLOMBIA WHEN THE MINES LEAVE? (APR. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

WILL MEGAPROJECTS DESTROY COLOMBIA’S PEACE PROCESS? (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

WOMEN WEAVING LIFE IN SOUTHERN COLOMBIA (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
ECUADOR:

CARCERAL PANDEMIC POLITICS AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ELITES IN ECUADOR (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ECUADOR: SOCIETY’S REACTION TO IMF AUSTERITY PACKAGE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ECUADOR GRAPPLES WITH FOOD SOVEREIGNTY (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ECUADOR INDIGENOUS PROTESTS BRAVED ‘WAR ZONE’ TO WIN PEOPLE’S VICTORY, BUT ANTI-IMF FIGHT NOT OVER (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ECUADORIANS SEEK TRUTH AND JUSTICE, WHILE THE GOVERNMENT PREPARES A NEW IMF DEAL (DEC. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

EL AROMO SOLAR PROJECT SETS PRECEDENT FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY IN ECUADOR (JAN. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ELECTED LEFT, GOVERNING RIGHT

HOW THE RIGHT RETURNED TO POWER IN ECUADOR (APR. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

IN ECUADOR, LAWFARE MARCHES ON DESPITE CORONAVIRUS

MOVEMENT AGAINST MINING GAINS GROUND IN ECUADOR (APR. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

ORPHANHOODS IN THE ECUADORIAN ANDES (DEC. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE LONG COUP IN ECUADOR (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
PARAGUAY:

A RAY OF LIGHT FOR PARAGUAY’S TRANS COMMUNITY (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COVID-19 DRIVES UNLIKELY CHANGES IN PARAGUAY (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

INSIDE PARAGUAY’S CORONAVIRUS SHELTERS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PARAGUAY STIFLES CRITICISM AFTER TWO GIRLS KILLED IN MILITARY RAID (OCT. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PROTESTERS IN PARAGUAY QUESTION PANDEMIC RESPONSE AND ONE-PARTY RULE (MARCH 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

REMEMBERING PARAGUAY’S GREAT WAR (ALSO AVAILABLE IN SPANISH) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

TALES OF TERROR ON THE TRIPLE FRONTIER (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

THE DAM THAT (ALMOST) BROUGHT DOWN PARAGUAY’S PRESIDENT (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
PERU:

A 30-YEAR QUEST FOR JUSTICE IN PERU (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

A NARROWLY-AVOIDED CONSTITUTIONAL CRISIS IN PERU (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

A NEW ERA OF PROTEST ROCKS PERU (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

AN UNCERTAIN WAY FORWARD FOR PERU

BETWEEN CHANGE AND CONTINUITY IN PERU (MAY 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)
(LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

COVID-19 AND EXTRACTION PRESSURES IN THE PERUVIAN AMAZON (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

GAHELA CARI: “IN PERU, PEOPLE ARE QUESTIONING THE SYSTEM” (FEB. 2021) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

LIMA’S WALL(S) OF SHAME (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PERU DISSOLVES ITS CONGRESS, SETTING UP A FIGHT FOR THE POLITICAL FUTURE (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PERU PASSES CORONAVIRUS RISK TO THE WORKING CLASS (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

PERUVIANS REJECT POLITICS AS USUAL (NOV. 2020) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

REVISITING PERU’S AGRARIAN REFORM (FILM REVIEW) (LINKS TO AN EXTERNAL SITE.)

RINGS OF CORRUPTION IN PERU

Explanation & Answer length:
4 pages

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Grossmont College A Clash of Interests in Villa 31 Report

The Coca-Cola Company’s Successful Workforce Management Case Study

What do you feel Coca-Cola has to offer potential employees? Coca-Cola, undoubtedly, offers a lot of opportunities to its potential employees; otherwise, it would not have become the leading beverage concern on the planet with a workforce of about 100,000 people. Therefore, there should be some objective reasons why the company has remained one of the most attractive workplaces for the past century. Firstly, one should point out that the famous brand itself is of considerable importance for an employee. Thus, a company that sells 1.4 billion drinks daily and presents an impressive advertising campaign naturally becomes associated with a trustworthy and reliable recruiter. While studying a list of potential workplaces, one is more likely to focus on the company, which has proved to show a successful performance for many years, than on a recently appeared firm. Secondly, Coca-Coca has always claimed that its staff is of the primary significance of the company. Numerous public statements of their top leaders put a particular emphasis on the value of each employee for the company’s performance that, certainly, creates a positive image of a responsible employer. Thus, a wise human resources management (HRM) serves as a guarantee of comfortable and beneficial working conditions. Finally, whereas the first two reasons might seem too general and slightly subjective, the company also has some constructive and realistic offers that attract people. The key advantage is, first and foremost, the promising career opportunities that Coca-Cola provides. According to the company’s report, the majority of successful managers who receive a promotion is younger than 35 years old and is relatively new in the company. It means that one is likely to realize the boldest professional ambitions in a five-year period. Therefore, the scope for promotion presents a solid argument for beginning one’s career with Coca-Cola. How does this help Coca-Cola attract a quality workforce? As has already been mentioned above, the principal aspects that attract potential employees are the brand, the HRM policy, and promising opportunities. Meanwhile, the company’s concern is not just the quality of its workforce but also its qualitative character. Thus, these three factors are essentially aimed at attracting the best professionals to maintain the excellent performance of the team. As a consequence, every public appeal performed by Coca-Cola lays special emphasis on the qualities they expect their potential employees to possess. Thus, the statement from their official site is full of such evaluating nouns as “talents”, “experience and passion,” to name but a few. Therefore, the brand and its popularity set an initially high bar for its potential employees. Furthermore, the HRM department has recently made a decision to make some alterations to their general strategy. According to Coca-Cola’s HR director, the company now concentrates on assisting its staff in career development. It has turned out that creating skillful and professional leaders is cheaper than engaging them from without. Hence, a potential employee is sure to receive the necessary training that is especially important for professionals who are frequently afraid the employer will not be able to provide the proper opportunities for self-fulfillment. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Moreover, one should necessarily point out that the bold ambition of the company claimed in their strategy for 2012 also have a positive influence on the attraction of the quality workforce. One feels more assured to find professional perspectives with a company that not just offers the prospects for career advancement but is also decisive to develop rapidly.