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Impact of Globalization on Countries

Globalization is a multifaceted phenomenon. The term Globalization is a controversial term and has been define in several different ways. Some concentrate on the monetary perspective and thus stress the worldwide economy standpoint, though some concentrate on the social parts of this phenomena and how globalization has effected different aspects of their culture, still others concentrate on the political parts of the structure of globalization, yet others liken globalization with advanced technology, particularly in the area of communication and transportation. Simply, it can referred as the openness of the economies through liberalization of trade, FDI, capital follows, immigration and the spread of technological knowledge. The proponents of globalization emphasize on the argument that advancement of human beings, communication and melting of different nationalities play an important role. Another argument is that “liberalization leads to the growth and growth improves condition of the poor. Globalization really unites people all over the world, and thus promotes the societies and individuals to get benefit out of globalization rather than losing anything. Internet is one of the products of globalization, which can broaden people’s horizon on many topics. With the continuing removal of trade restrictions, people has access to services and goods, which has been produce in many economies. Poor economies items from created nations are assaulting the neighborhood items. The neighborhood ones cannot contend with the foreign made ones both in the term of value or estimating. Another awful effect of globalization is that it is slaughtering different nation’s culture with the assistance of multinational organizations. Openness of trade encourage by globalization and boost the developing economies. Removal of barriers help local industry to expend their consumer markets in global world. They increase their output and revenue as a result looking forward to add new technology and goods to attract foreign consumer. Another result of globalization decrease in unemployment and increase in poverty and income gap. It is also have positive impact on social sector such as enhancement in health and education facility. Negative impact is increase of unskilled labor in many economies. Globalization is beneficiary for the countries they make their market more organized. Technology transfer, increase in FDI and scales of economies increase. However, economies depend on other nations and wealth equity is questionable. Globalization has frequently scrutinized for taking without end employments from residential organizations and laborers. Overall, the U.S. concrete industry will leave business if imports from a creating nation drive down costs, regardless of the possibility that utilization increments. Little U.S. bond organizations would think that it is hard to contend and leave business, leaving specialists unemployed, while the bigger U.S. bond industry would likely experience a critical extended decay. A moment feedback is the high cost of a near or total preferred standpoint to a nation’s own prosperity if fumbled. China is most CO2 omitting country because of their industry. While China is a major defender of globalization in world economic forum annual meeting 2017.Different nations may have a similar favorable position in mining certain common assets, for example, raw petroleum – and misuse the income created from those exercises. A last inconvenience of globalization is the expansion in wage for laborers, which can hurt the gainfulness of a few organizations. For instance, if a rich nation has a high near preferred standpoint in creating programming, they may drive up the cost of programming designers around the globe, which makes it troublesome for nearby organizations to contend. A reaction against globalization is keeping the world economy in a low-development is that will hold on in any event through one year from now, as per the Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development. In its most recent Interim Economic Outlook, the OECD noticed that in the course of recent years, the rate of worldwide exchange development has split in respect to the pre-emergency period, and it declined promote in late quarters, with the shortcoming moved in Asia. The gathering is presently anticipating worldwide monetary development of just 2.9%, down from a figure of 3.0% in its past standpoint in June and the most reduced rate since the worldwide money related emergency of 2008-2009. For 2017, the projection is just 3.2%, still well underneath long-run midpoints of around 3.75%. In the U.S., where strong utilization and employment development has been counter balance by frail business speculation, development is evaluate at 1.4% this year and 2.1% in 2017.The OECD additionally encouraged governments to accomplish more in the method for tax collection and spending to lift development instead of depend on money related approach.
Donald J. Trump, the 45th President of the United States of America has been handed down numerous formidable foreign policy challenges ranging from areas in the Middle East throughout East Asia. Trump had even tweeted that “THE WORK BEGINS!” on January 23, despite any of his top foreign policy positions, at the time, yet to be filled (Trump). According to the White House website, Trump will implement an “American first foreign policy focused on American interests and American national security” (Spicer). The White House strategy will focus on “peace through strength,” made possible in part by chasing “the highest level of military readiness” (Spicer). Potential Challenges: Russia One potential challenge posed to U.S. interest by the emerging foreign policy of the Trump administration is the issue of Russia. The U.S.-Russian relationship is at its lowest point since the Cold War (Fishel). President Trump has stated a closer association with Russian President Vladimir Putin would be an advantage to the United States (Fishel). But the majority of his administration has “maintained that Russia needs to be confronted for its aggression, including for its annexation of Crimea and military incursions into Eastern Ukraine, hacking during the 2016 presidential election, backing Syrian dictator Bashar Assad, and Russia’s brutal aerial bombing campaign to assist his efforts” (Fishel). Unparalleled Russian hacking into the Democratic National Committee also enhances the colossal “security threat posed to critical components of the U.S. government, infrastructure, defense technology, and many other government operations that rely heavily on cyber technology” (Fishel). On the White House Website, it was publicized that it “will make it a priority to develop defensive and offensive cyber capabilities at our U.S. Cyber Command, and recruit the best and brightest Americans to serve in this crucial area” (Fishel). Russia’s military intervention in Syria has efficiently set up a proxy war with the U.S. and the rebel forces it backs. The U.S. has held Russia responsible for its “subsequent breakdown of cease-fire negotiations and the devastating siege of Aleppo, Syria” (Fishel). Finally, “Putin’s war in Ukraine and illegal annexation of Crimea has sparked fears that he’s seeking to reclaim Soviet-era borders and eventually could bait the NATO alliance into a military conflict” (Fishel). Trump’s latest remarks on Russia have so far confronted the conventional wisdom of either party and has drawn criticism from both sides. Trump hasn’t convicted the Russian hacks into the U.S. election process and has said he “would be looking at the possibility of lifting sanctions against Russia tied to its illegal military annexation of Crimea, which the U.S. government has refused to accept” (Fishel). He openly questioned the intelligence community’s calculation that Russia hacked the DNC, compared them to Nazis and held them responsible for releasing false information about his ties to Russia (Fishel). Rather than stand against a potential restoration of Soviet expansionism, critics say Trump seems to be accepting it. He has labeled the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), considered the first line of defense against Russian expansionism, as “obsolete, while also suggesting he may not honor the organization’s most sacred covenant of mutual defense” (Fishel). In addition to saying the U.S. would profit from a friendlier association with Putin, Trump has also admired him on Twitter, calling him “very smart” for deciding not to react when President Obama kicked out Russian intelligence offers in retort to the election hack (Trump). North Korea During this past September, North Korea administered its biggest ever nuclear test, discharging a bomb that has been perceived to be able to “yield to the equivalent of 10 kilotons of TNT” (Fishel). Making this the country’s second nuclear test this year and their fifth since 2006. Now more than ever the United States in extremely alarmed, that North Korea is more near to their goal of “miniaturizing a nuclear weapon that can be placed on long-range missiles a move that could destabilize the region and the world” (Fishel). Differing from Iran, the U.S has been unable to negotiate an agreement regarding nuclear issues (Fishel). Taking into account, that 3 of the five nuclear tests in North Korea have taken place under Kim Jong-un’s rule, it is clear that the dictator is fearless of the overpowering economic sanctions imposed by foreign nations (Fishel). Even though China’s foreign Ministry has reprimanded the North Korean Tests and urged “international dialogue, recent tensions between the United States and China over the South China Sea could congeal Chinese support for taking a more aggressive approach to the North Korean regime” (Fishel). This past January, after North Korea stated that they were close to firing off nuclear weapons that could reach the United States, Donald Trump tweeted that “it won’t happen,” which could be interpreted as a possible “redline” for the Trump administration (Fishel). In May of 2017 Trump stated that we could potentially be open to the idea of allowing North Korea’s neighbors, including United States allies South Korea and Japan, to obtain their own nuclear resources. This is a move that would successfully “nuclearize the entire region and negate the cost as justification for stationing United States troops in the region” (Fishel). Trump at the same time has stated that “We cannot afford to be the military and the police for the world” (Trump). What Trump’s administration means for US Interests The Trump Administration will test the durability of some of America’s longstanding alliances but may create opportunities for new cooperation with others. Trump has expressed that he wanted to improve the United States relationship with Russia, more specifically he wants a closer relationship with Putin (Tucker). Improvement in the U.S.-Russia relationship could alleviate the risk of an escalation in tensions between Iran and the United States. Russia is hopeful for the Trump administration will be friendlier toward them and will “weaken or even diminish sanctions that were previously imposed on them after the annexation of Crimea in 2014” (Tucker). These sanctions being lifted would allow for President Putin to pronounce himself a winner in the stand-off with the Western powers before the presidential election in 2018 (Tucker). Authorities in Ukraine fear that more cordial relationship between the U.S.-Russia will “undermine U.S. support for their reform process” (Tucker). Since the Maidan revolution in 2014, the U.S has been a “committed ally helping finance the new government guaranteeing its international bonds and supporting the IMF program in Ukraine” (Tucker). North Korea prohibited the U.N. Security Council’s declaration on its latest “ballistic missile launch and claimed its tests are in self-defense” (News). These tests made by North Korea have been unanimously condemned by the Security Council. They stated that these launches are a “grave violation of international law” (News). China, one of North Koreas only allies, and main lifeline, also signed onto that statement (News). This enhances another level of ambiguity to the region that is still trying to get a read on the new unpredictable U.S. president. These new missiles are more stable and allow for a less advanced warning (News). “This achievement on part of North Korea is a dangerous advancement toward the pursuit of a nuclear weapon and is a big first test for President Trump” (News). “Obviously, North Korea is a big, big problem and we will deal with that very strongly” Trump tweeted (Trump). “China and the United States have fundamentally different approaches to dealing with North Korea,” said Tong Zhao, a fellow at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center in Beijing (News). “China believes we have to gradually encourage North Korea to liberalize its economy to open up to the international community” (News). Ninety percent of North Korea’s trade is with China, leading Western officials indict Beijing of upholding the neighboring dictatorship (News). But China said, “It’s doing its part by signing on to stringent U.N. sanctions” (News). In March the United States and South Korea held their “annual large-scale military drills, which was largely seen by North Korea as a direct threat to their security” (News). North Korea has stated that this could seriously undermine peace and security in the region (News). These drills could also potentially close the door on any “potential direct engagement with the United States and push North Korea to test an even larger more powerful missile” (News). But to reassure us all Trump tweets “I have great confidence that China will properly deal with North Korea. If they are unable to do so, the U.S with its allies will! U.S.A.” (Trump). Since Donald Trump has taken office, things have been less then dull, especially regarding his foreign policy. Sure his order to suspend visas for citizens from seven Muslim-majority countries was explosive, however, it is not a central issue in U.S. foreign policy (Friedman). Deepening questions have been brought up in regards to Trump’s foreign policy. And the real question is if he actually has intentions of downgrading NATO, shift relations with Russia, confront China, and take a significant stand against Iran. A foreign policy is not made by hostile phones calls nor threatening tweets. Works Cited Fishel, Justin. “7 Major Foreign Policy Challenges Facing President Donald Trump.”ABC News. ABC News Network, 23 Jan. 2017. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. . Friedman, George. “Trump’s Conventional Foreign Policy.” RealClearWorld. Geopolitical Features, 9 Feb. 2017. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. . News, CBS. “What North Korea Missile Launch Means for U.S.-China Relations.” CBS News. CBS Interactive, 14 Feb. 2017. Web. 17 Apr. 2017. . Schneider, Ondrej. “The Trump Effect: Global Implications of the Next U.S. President.”The Trump Effect: Global Implications of the Next U.S. President | The Institute of International Finance. Institute of International Finance, 8 Dec. 2016. Web. 14 Apr. 2017. . Spicer, Sean. “Remarks by President Trump in Strategy and Policy Forum.” The White House. The United States Government, 03 Feb. 2017. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. . Trump, Donald J. “Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump).” Twitter. Twitter, 09 Apr. 2017. Web. 12 Apr. 2017. . Tucker, Joshua. “Here’s How Trump’s Election Will Affect U.S.-Russian Relations.”The Washington Post. WP Company, 10 Nov. 2016. Web. 14 Apr. 2017. .
Presentación de noticias.

Presentación de Noticias“Presentación de Noticias” es una actividad académica para aprender a reportar acontecimientos de la actualidad, ampliar nuestro conocimiento de los eventos importantes en la vida social de los países de habla hispana, expandir nuestro vocabulario, y darnos más confianza en hablar en público.Para hacer esta actividad, los alumnos necesitan escoger un artículo en español de un periódico digital auténtico de cualquier país hispanohablante que no sea los Estados Unidos. Busque los elementos esenciales de información y después escriba un resumen escrito en sus propias palabras. NO pueden copiar directamente del artículo. El resumen necesita ser un mínimo de dos párrafos (8-10 oraciones completas). Tendrán que entregar su resumen el día de la presentación. También necesitan entregar una copia del artículo completo.El día de la presentación los alumnos presentarán sus noticias oralmente a sus compañeros de clase. Tienen como opción hacer su presentación utilizando Power Point, Prezi, o Linoit, etc., pero no es un requisito. Escriba por favor el vocabulario clave de su noticia en el pizarrón antes de presentar. Si hacen una presentación digital, pueden incluir el vocabulario en alguna parte de su presentación.Venga a clase preparado a contestar preguntas. Una nota importante: todos los alumnos tendrán que participar haciéndoles preguntas a los presentadores, y tendrán que escribir su propia reacción u opinión sobre la noticia presentada.Algunos enlaces útiles de periódicos digitales:
Presentación de noticias


You must turn in a journal entry for the reading that indicates at the top of the page which
reading it is (with the author, chapter number, and chapter title). A journal entry should be a
one-page, single-spaced (it can be double-spaced if you have room), typed, summary and review
of the reading in question. It should have two sections. In the first section, you should provide a
brief synopsis of the reading that identifies the key themes, thesis, and key points. The second
section should contain your evaluation of the readings. How does the reading connect with the
discussion in the class or with other topics we cover? How does it connect with current events or
actions of recent presidents? How does it relate to other things you know, have learned in this
class or others?
Try to keep each entry to single spaced page (to save the trees and to save your time and
mine). Your grade will not be affected if you go over or under a single page as long as you
fulfill the assignment as described above. Please print double sided if at all possible if a summary
is over one page, and always staple multiple pages together.
Citations: You do not need to cite the chapter you are summarizing in text. For the review, you
should cite any outside sources you draw from, with a citation at the end or in a footnote.
Included citations should be in APA format. Guidance on APA citation formatting can be found
on the library website:
Journal entries will be due in class each Monday with assigned readings, as hard copies. Entries
submitted on time and fulfilling all requirements above will receive full credit (1 point). Entries
submitted late during the week they are due (by Friday at 5pm) will receive up to 75% credit (.75
points). Entries submitted after this point may receive up to 50% credit (.5 points). There will be
up to 22 points possible to receive full credit for the assignment by the end of the semester.

An Appendix containing the Annotated Bibliography

An Appendix containing the Annotated Bibliography.

Hello,For this assignment I need An Appendix containing the Annotated Bibliography . Attached is my reference page so I need you to make An Appendix containing the Annotated Bibliography Apa style attached is my reference page ReferencesBreslow, J. M. (2012, September 21). By the Numbers: Dropping Out of High School. Retrieved from PBS:…Covidence: World-class systematic review management. (n.d.). Retrieved from, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Sage publications.Hart, L. (2017). What Has Been Done to Stop High School Dropouts? Retrieved August 10, 2019, from…Liftoff, L. (2017, January 23). Why Kids Drop out of High School and How to Prevent It. Retrieved from Learning Lift Off:…Maynard, B. R., Salas-Wright, C. P., & Vaughn, M. G. (2015). High school dropouts in emerging adulthood: Substance use, mental health problems, and crime. Community mental health journal, 51(3), 289-299McKee, M. T., & Caldarella, P. (2016). Middle school predictors of high school performance: A case study of dropout risk indicators. Education, 136(4), 515-529.Shollenberger, T. L. (2015). Racial disparities in school suspension and subsequent outcomes. Closing the school discipline gap: Equitable remedies for excessive exclusion, 31-44.Stark, P., & Noel, A. M. (2015). Trends in High School Dropout and Completion Rates in the United States: 1972-2012. Compendium Report. NCES 2015-015. National Center for EducationStruyk, R. (2017, August 18). Blacks and whites see racism in the United States very, very differently. Retrieved from CNN Politics:, S. (2015). Dropping Out, Challenges, and Solutions | TRENDS. Retrieved August 10, 2019, from
An Appendix containing the Annotated Bibliography

1. Briefly describe the core ideas of the Behavioral Theories (e.g., Michigan and Ohio State) and give examples of how you use people-oriented and task-oriented behaviors in your work roles. Do you f

python assignment help Briefly describe the core ideas of the Behavioral Theories (e.g., Michigan and Ohio State) and give examples of how you use people-oriented and task-oriented behaviors in your work roles.  Do you find yourself using both types on a regular basis, or do you rely on one type more heavily–explain why (does it have anything to do with your followers and situations)? 2. Using Figure 7.2 on p. 253, briefly describe in your owns words when you have used the five (Impoverished, Country Club, Middle-of-the-Road, Authority-Compliance, and Team) leadership/management styles in your workplace and explain why they were appropriate for the particular situations you describe. 3.  Describe examples of times when you used each of the five French and Raven power bases to get things accomplished and explain why those power bases were the most appropriate to drawn upon in those situations.

Competition Policy And The Eu Economics Essay

The European Commission has exclusive competence to approve the European mergers and acquisitions of a certain size, eliminating the need for companies to seek approval from several national competition authorities since the 1990s. The exclusive competence of the European Commission covers mergers in the total turnover worldwide through the company in question that worth more than 5 million euros, or when the total turnover at community level of each of the least two of the companies affected over 250 million euros. unless each of the undertakings concerned achieves more than two thirds of its total turnover at the community level in the same member-state. Approach to competition policy, these large mergers, acquisitions and disposals are explicit worldwide, which authorizes the Commission to non-European companies operating in the European Union. Since 1990, the Commission received notification of 2508 cases of mergers and acquisitions and authorized 90 per cent of them. Most of the other 10 per cent of the cases submitted to the authorities of the member states. The European Commission has blocked a total of only 18 cases so far. However, some of them were high profile cases that the Commission has received many criticisms. The parties involved in the latter two cases, brought an action before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) against the European Commission, and in both cases, the Court annulled the decision of the European Commission has closed the basis of the decision of the Commission. In response to criticism of their actions and the legal framework that has suffered defeats in December 2002, the Commission has amended its merger decision- making process. Increased level of communication with the parties in the hope of merging the companies to allow adequate opportunity for them to justify their proposed action. The Commission also raised the “economic base” of their decisions through the appointment of a chief economist and an internal committee of the Commission on Peer Review in all cases. The Commission also divided central concentrations Multi Task Force (MTF) in units of the sector to facilitate the expeditious processing of cases. The Commission must, under Article 81 (1) in the EU Treaty, to act to prevent any agreements or practices which may affect trade between member states and which have as their object or effect the prevention, restriction or distortion competition within the common market. EU Treaty Article 82 provides that the Commission should avoid any abuse by one or more undertakings of a dominant market position (or a substantial part of the market). This abuse should be banned only if it affects trade between Member States. Therefore, the mandate of the EU antitrust policy only applies to cross-border competition issues. More or less equivalent in the U.S. that apply to businesses engaged in interstate commerce. However, that Article 81 of EU Treaty is designed to prevent arrangements discriminatory pricing in the European Union. Companies cannot legally stop imports of cheap products or services from one EU country to another EU where prices are higher. In May 2004, European companies were released from their obligation to notify and seek authorization from the Commission of trade agreements enter. Obviously, businesses still must ensure that their agreements do not violate the competition law of the European Union or national but by eliminating the need for automatic notification should facilitate the removal of administrative barriers particular smaller number of mergers and acquisitions in Europe and, therefore, be welcome. You should also free up resources for the Commission to prosecute the offenders to serious competition, instead of deposits often routine. To a certain extent is testimony to the high level of knowledge (but not necessarily members of) the issues of competition policy among European companies that the authorities can now rely on other questions about where the red lines are in themselves instead of forcing them to file a notice of anything. In addition, the Commission also May 1, 2004, has more powers of control and power to intervene against any anticompetitive merger (under its jurisdiction). You may cancel any agreement it deems violates EU competition and enterprises or an anti-competitive behaviour 10 per cent of sales worldwide. While the Commission has the power of competition since 1962, which in recent years important steps have been taken this area. In 2001 and 2002, a fine of 1.8 million euros and 1,000 million euros imposed, respectively. In addition, since 2001 the European Commission has taken action against at least three companies, Deutsche Post, Michelin, and DSD. Microsoft was fined € 497,000,000 and to separate its Windows Media Player. Microsoft has appealed the verdict. Important sectors of the European economy are partially covered by the same exemption, which grants immunity to certain types of collusion among firms, if we consider that through the improvement of global competition, for example, improved distribution and technology transfer. As part of the evolution of the application of Article 81, May 1, 2004, increased exemptions were replaced by the new regulations. Instead of requiring companies the positive things I could do, the new rules create a “negative list” of violations of prohibitions, such as price fixing, market sharing and a haven for all other agreements. According to European Competition Commissioner Mario Monti, the objective of these reforms to block agreements is to limit market distortions and allow greater freedom for companies to make business decisions desired com.Although is too soon, we support the intent and meaning of these reforms to competition policy. After all, the European competition policy has been stepped up enforcement of antitrust laws in recent years, despite remaining gaps excluded sectors. At the same time, national authorities have become more role in their regulatory capacities have increased. This trend should continue after May 1, 2004, with the new Europe Competition Network (ECN), which includes both the Commission and national authorities in a group of informal, but institutionalized in which the applicant can not force a decision in another). In part, this reflects capacity building of national authorities and the decentralization of authority to make healthy choices, but given the political sensitivity many cases of competition, attempts to “cover” of the Member States can not be discarded. These attempts, however, we must resist the gap too wide in the implementation of competition policy between entities in a single market as, for example, to protect national champions, could cause serious distortions in the market and damage the overall level of competition. Traditionally, many European economies had placed large industries in the state-controlled companies, especially those in industries considered essential and those with economies of scale and high fixed costs telecommunications and electricity, for example. Following changes technologies that allow efficient operation on a smaller scale and changes attitudes, there was a shift towards privatization and competition. The sale of government assets has also been a source of revenue to cover budget deficits. In the EU, five Commission Directives in the telecommunications, transport, gas and electricity, postal services is designed to introduce competition by separating the infrastructure business. These guidelines have emerged from the Lisbon Agenda. Efforts to privatize state monopolies and introducing competition has seen tremendous political opposition of a member of states, particularly France. This opposition, in turn, is driven by the strong resistance from employees of state enterprises who fear the effect of competition on employment, wages and pensions. Because of this opposition, implementation of these guidelines has been slow and very long transition periods are often within the result. A key question is whether the most important step in the release of state monopolies is privatization or whether it is sufficient to create real competition for a state enterprise. In this regard, the EU Treaty Article 86 (2), which covers the services of general economic interest, is of particular interest. He says: Undertakings entrusted with the operation of services of general economic interest or having the character of being a monopoly rules contained in this Treaty, in particular the rules on competition, such as the application of these rules does not, in fact or law tasks assigned to them. The development of trade must not be affected in a manner contrary to the interests of the Community. In principle, this Article is to ensure that state ownership is not used as a means of limiting competition in the European Union. However, in reality, the product was subjected to “political interpretation.” Some EU governments, notably France, have argued that it is a need to provide essential services to remote and/or poor their economies, which requires either continuous or property limits to competition for public companies before. The French the government argued that firms face competitive pressures from full liberalization of the European services market, for example, little incentive to expand service coverage to the poorest regions. Important questions exemptions on profits before the competition rules of the EU common market. Currently, the European Commission is preparing new legislation to clarify the scope of “services of general economic interest” (see European Commission, 2003e). This law is mandatory. French government’s acceptance of partial liberalization of the European Union energy markets in the Barcelona Summit in 2002. Therefore, while there has been significant progress in Europe toward more competition and privatization, there is still much to do impedes the progress of political resistance. The details of the state of liberalization monopolies in major EU countries are discussed later in this. In an effort to create equal conditions of competition, Article 87 of EU Treaty prohibits state aid that distorts competition in the European Union. Union and tasks of the European Commission to enforce the ban. are exceptions to this prohibition, however, the state can grant aid to small and Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and training provision. In addition, the Commission may grant exceptions on a case-by-case basis, if the aid does not alter the “common interest”. Despite the good intentions of Article 87, often resulting in state aid debate, and the overall level of state aid remains high in the European Union. The Commission estimates that between 1996-1998, the total level. EU state aid was € 93 billion, or 250 € per capita. The air transport sector in Europe has been to clashes between the Commission and Member States to help domestic firms. However, total state aid stubbornly high in the European Union illustrates the persistence of this problem in competition policy in the EU. Companies that do not meet the test of competition and restructuring or needs to improve its operations, or to collect or closed. State aid is slowing the process of restructuring is a essential part of improving overall productivity. The discussion so far has been the European competition policy in mergers and acquisitions and agreements between firms. These If the emphasis on preventing the formation of dominant competition business practices or business groups. Of course, the inverse problem may be a concern as large or larger. Some industries in Europe have not been consolidated, leaving a fragmented structure that companies do not reach the minimum efficient scale or use information technology (IT) effectively. In other cases, management may be entrenched incompetent, but they hold their jobs because shareholders do not have access to relevant information on the performance of the company, which makes it difficult to act. In such situations, the capital market’s ability to mount a hostile takeover may be important for productivity improvement. Even the threat of takeover may be enough forcing managers to improve operations. So far, the pace of hostile takeovers in Central European countries were very low. A study by Rossi and Volpin examines all Mergers and acquisitions announced between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 1999 and December 31, 2002. Study reports that the volume of purchases for this period is quite high for most developed economies, but it varies by country. The volume is defined as the percentage of listed companies which are subject to successful mergers and acquisitions during the decade, and include the numbers: 65.63 percent for the United States, 53.65 percent for the United Kingdom, 56.40 percent for France and 35.51 percent for Germany. As to the hostile border acquisitions, the differences are much larger countries. The figures are 6.44 percent for the United States, 4.39 percent for the United Kingdom, 1.68 percent for France and 0.30 percent for Germany. In other words, the German companies are virtually immune to hostile takeovers and the French border companies face only a very low rate of acquisition. To clarify the European competition policy, all members of the EU adopted a directive on takeover bids in late 2003 after 14 years of negotiations. Although the policy guidelines of the EU has generated a level of acquisitions, especially hostile, was a failure. Instead of providing an equal EUWID to provide external pressure on the company management, the new EU rules retain the use of multiple voting shares and “poison pills” by the following directors as “options” against hostile acquisitions without prior approval of shareholders. Eight managers who seek to preserve the status quo and the maintenance staff of the importance of preserving “national champions” to carry out these “legal options.” In the presence of a competitive market for sound pressure the capital market in the form of a hostile takeover, may not be necessary. But still there are many examples throughout the competition, the lack or companies that have received or are subsidized by the authorities. In these situations, the case is strong for applying pressure on financial markets as an additional tool to facilitate the consolidation of the industry and oust ineffective leaders. The EU has clearly failed to provide promote greater competition and increased productivity. Politicians in Europe believes that the EU now has a strong work force to add to the intensity of competition in the region. EU decisions of competition authorities to receive widespread coverage and are often of international interest because they involve actions in large multinational companies. However, competition policy The European Commission has so far been far from ideal. Preventing mergers between large companies and sanction anticompetitive behavior are sometimes necessary. The Commission is also the policeman on the corner to keep an eye on things prevent crime. However, legal setbacks and criticisms facing. Commission before the Court indicates that, at least until recently, has a good estimate of the costs and benefits of these mergers. Governments want to protect themselves from competition. If the intensity of competition is growing European Union, national governments must change their positions and move proactively to promote the full competition. On the other hand, industry consolidation is often an important mechanism to improve productivity and the creation of strong competitors, and the European Commission must ensure that changes in assessment procedures are sufficient to determine if a real threat to competition occurs. The main limitation of European competition policy, however, is not has been too aggressive in some cases. On the other hand, has no power to remedy an anti-competitive conduct and regulations that restrict competition in many EU economies. In addition, as mentioned above, members. States are working to undermine the authority of the Commission. As for the opening of national markets in a number of industries including. industries that are described as “services of general interest, including public services, more generally, but can be applied to other industries.

Huck’s Development in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Mark Twain’s novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, first published in 1884, in a small town of St. Petersburg in Missouri. Located close to the Mississippi River, and is decades before the outbreak of the American Civil War (Levine, Robert S, 2017). The story is narrated by, Huck, and it follows his adventure. Throughout this adventure he is faced with a number of moral choices, which later leads him to question the ethics and an evidently civilized society. He expands his own insights of survival during the process. The characters develop and change as the adventure comes to an end. This might occur with all books and stories, but this adventure had a true meaning behind it. Overall in this novel Huck is seen as a troublesome young man. Huck needs to be taught how to act in a civilized manner. There were models already put in place, to further educate Huck; Widow Douglas and Miss Watson. Eventually his father kidnaps him. When Huck is kidnapped he no longer feels trapped by the conformity of society, but he does put up with harsh treatment from his abusive father. Huck is still seen as an unfit child, but Huck ends up gaining some respect as a man when he fake his own death and is able to escape from his father. Huck and Jim, Miss Watson’s runaway slave, come into contact with one another after both being able to escape from society. Due to this Huck views Jim as property, but see’s through that and chooses to help him anyway. At this point we can’t be upset with Huck, but the respect for him is at an all-time high. He took it upon himself to help Jim escape from slavery. During this entire transition as the reader you can see Huck’s moral change. Huck and Jim spend a noteworthy time together traveling down the Mississippi River, and by the end of the novel Huck sees Jim differently. He views him as equal, and deep down in his heart Huck believes that Jim is a free man. His departure from conventional society, and as they build this personal relationship, Huck experiences ethical growth. Throughout this growth Huck begins to develop has be his own opinions and morals. The first portion of the story he’s still this fundamental young boy. Yet, he’s still trapped by the conformity of society, and making sure he’s doing what society accepts. Before being captured by Watson and Widow, Huck lived a rough life. Huck previous lifestyle was everything to him. He enjoyed skipping school and stealing so he can survive on the day to day bases. Due to his past experience and what he considers life made his adventure difficult. Huck as a character, he’s unhappy. Huck finally starts to adjust to everything. He starts attending school on the daily, learning the everyday traits to life and being educated on God and how he needs to start believing him. Initially you can tell Huck isn’t that troublesome young boy anymore but he still needs a little more direction, he stats “I liked the old ways best, but I was getting so I liked the new ones too, a little bit. The widow said I was coming along slow but sure and doing satisfactory. She said she warn’t ashamed of me” (Goodreads, 2019). Huck is still having trouble developing a mind of his own. Society takes a toll on his actions and he’s not showing any of his true character abilities. Huck is not thinking or living to his full potential, he’s supposed to meet the requirements and accept the ethics of the conservative society. A small change is made when Huck and Jim meet at Jackson’s Island and Huck confesses that “people could call me a low-down Abolitionist and despise me for keeping mum- but that don’t make no difference”( Levine, Robert S, 2017). Huck knows for a fact society will not accept his decision, but he agreed to assist Jim with his escape. During this adventure with Jim, Huck’s personal choices and his morally difficult decisions are critical to the growth of his character. Furthermore, Huck was technically only in it for the adventure. After he help Jim escape from Miss Watson, he initially planned on turning Jim in as they got further down the river. Jim wasn’t what he thought he’ll be, he turned out to be a respectful, caring man, and gave Huck all his attention. If Huck had stuck to his original plan and still been affected by the conformist society, his decision definitely would’ve been different. Slaves were viewed as nothing more than property and Huck had learned to believe that myth. As these two runaway, they form a relationship. All throughout their adventure, traveling down the Mississippi River they both help and protect one another. Huck sees Jim as a good friend and that father he never once had. A change occurs, and Huck confesses that “it was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself to a nigger; but I done it, and I warn’t ever sorry for it afterward, neither” (Quote Analysis). Huck’s feelings start to change and racial equality begin to form and feelings of guilt. Huck still dwells on the past and is still feeling guilty for stealing someone’s property, this was someone who never done anything to put him in harm’s way. At this point in the story it has been revealed that the influence of society is still bothering Huck in some way, but at the same time he is attempting to create his own moral opinion on the subject. Huck writes a letter to Miss Watson telling her where she can find and recapture her runaway slave. Before he sent the letter, Huck thinks about his relationship with Jim and the positive influence he had had on him . . . initially stating “all right, then, I’ll go to hell’’ (Levine, Robert S, 2017). He tore the letter up. There were so many awful words and thoughts, but they were said with no hesitation. Yet, they were said but nothing was formed. This is how you know Huck has reached his greatest self-accomplishment; he figures out the morally correct thing to do, without the direction from society. After coming to his final conclusions, Huck is challenged again when Jim is sold to the Phelps’s plantation. He also comes across an old friend Tom Sawyer. Tom’s Aunt and Uncle are the owners of the plantation. Huck took it upon himself to go to the plantation to find Jim and set him free all over again. The couple mistakes Huck for Tom, Huck doesn’t correct them he just goes along with it. Eventually Toms arrives, and Huck is staying with him, and Huck begins to revert from his ethical achievement. Tom at this point is like the God/Devil here in Huck’s Life. He’s placing that obedient society back into Huck’s life, but initially encouraging him to do other things. Huck allows Tom’s elaborate escape plan and silly games to influence his actions. At this point he’s just focused on attaining freedom for his friend and is more than willing to do anything to complete that goal. Huck single-mindedly announces how he feels to Tom; “What I want is my nigger; and if a pick’s the handiest thing, that’s the thing I’m a-going to dig that nigger out with; and I don’t give a dead rat what the authorities thinks about it nuther” (Levine, Robert S, 2017). Huck knew to stay true to his self-proclaimed values, but more than anything he knew not to lose sight of Jim. He made promise to get him his freedom back. Attaining these goals has enable Huck to remain humble and overcome the impact of society that tried to take a toll back into his life. Huck is able to look at Jim with a feeling of accomplishment. He turns and tells Jim this; “a free man again, and you won’t ever be a slave no more” (Levine, Robert S, 2017). Starting from the beginning Huck is measured by society to see how much he allows society to shape him, but he is then forced to believe whatever was placed in front of him. This allowed him to build these unlimited connections with Jim. Then we begin to notice that when Huck leaves society he begins to form his own opinions and moral values based upon the way Jim acts towards him. This relationship made him realize the equality of blacks and how he actually thinks and feel Jim. He knows for a fact he’s definitely a trusted and respected friend. When they were on the Plantation the overview of Tom is seen as the entering of society back into Huck’s life, and causes him to relapse, but he overcomes it and continues on with the remainder of Jim’s captivity. To some it all up Huck at first proves the importance of establishing a mind of your own, outside that of conventional society. Through out this entire story, and out of all the various symbols that were used, the river and the land had a true meaning. The river and the land symbolized freedom and trouble. Initially, the whole point of the title being “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”. The symbolisms behind the river goes beyond freedom and troubles they Huck and Jim went through. There is a lot of feelings, emotions and actions revolved around this river. Furthermore, it served as an instrument for the developmental maturity of Huck. Huck and Jim both realized that was a key to happiness. This how that special bond begins to form between them. Due to them relying on each other some much, I think they finally realized they need each other in order to survive. The overall point that is being proved here is that, freedom is something many Americans take for granted. According to the Webster’s Dictionary freedom is defined as “The condition of being free from restraints”. Huck and Jim were both considered free, in different situations, but they were still free due to the river. The river was peace to them, initially leading them to freedom despite the fences given by society. Not only that but in the story, it was stated that they were always naked, day and night. When you think of this it describes the peace and freedom that was given by the river. The river exemplifies stillness, differing from the land, which seemed controlling troublesome. Primarily, the land is viewed as where all the bad things happen. Huck himself seemed as if he preferred the living on the river than the land. After everything they encountered on their adventure, it makes sense why they prefer to not live on the land. As you can see this is a story about how society tends to immoral true principles and freedom. Also, how people like Huck must follow their own morality and create their own principles. Huck certainly experiences a transformation, yet still trying to analysis whether racial prejudice is yet still occurring. However, this story represents and shows multiple examples of how a person’s morality can grow and mature in response to life experiences. References “Freedom.” Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster, Levine, Robert S. The Norton Anthology of American Literature. Vol. 2, W.W. Norton, 2017. Quote Analysis.” The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Race, and the Gilded Age, “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Quotes by Mark Twain.” Goodreads, Goodreads, Inc., 2019,