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If n(B) = 16, n(A ∪ B) = 29, and n(A ∩ B) = 6, find n(A).

If n(B) = 16, n(A ∪ B) = 29, and n(A ∩ B) = 6, find n(A)..

If n(B) = 16, n(A ∪ B) = 29, and n(A ∩ B) = 6, find n(A).
If n(B) = 16, n(A ∪ B) = 29, and n(A ∩ B) = 6, find n(A).

history of african american

history of african american.

History of African Americans II
Fall 2017
Book Report You have more than a month to complete your book report. Use the first week to identify a title
and locate the book. Please use the recommended list of books at the end of this document.
Some of the books are available in public libraries. They can also be purchased online for a
relatively reasonable amount.
Write a 5-7 page report/review (typed, double space) on one of the books listed at the end of this
handout. Your report should include a brief summary (overview) of each chapter. As a general
rule, do not simply copy information word for word from the book. Summarize the information.
If you do quote the author, the following citation method is acceptable. Example: According to Roy E. Finkenbine, “Over the past three and a half decades, the
importance of African American history has become widely recognized (Finkenbine, p. vii).”
You can use the following set of additional guidelines: 1. Heading/Title: The author, title, date, and place of publication should be placed at the
top of the essay in the form of a bibliographic citation. For example, at the top of your
paper, you should type: Roy Finkenbine ed. Sources of the African American Past: Primary Sources in
American History. New York: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004. *Be sure to use the
title for your book. This is simply an example.
2. Introduction: Introduce the book you are going to review. Here, you should also
include information about the author’s goals. Why did he or she write the book? Why
did he or she write on this specific subject? What contributions to our understanding of
African American history did the author intend to make?
3. Overall Summary: In broad terms, what is the book about? How is the book
4. Chapter summaries and assessment: Briefly summarize each chapter. How do the
chapters fit into the broader theme of the book? In what ways does each chapter enhance
our understanding of African American history? You should also address the following
a. Identify the author’s central argument or thesis. The thesis is not the topic of
the book, but the specific argument that the author has made about his subject.
Sometimes, this is clearly spelled out in the introduction. Knowing the main
argument will help you better understand the rest of the book.
b. After identifying the central thesis, discuss how each chapter fits (or does not
fit) into the overall thesis.
c. Identify the author’s perspective, point of view, or purpose. Does the author
have a specific emphasis (economic, social, political, or cultural)? Is the book
informed by a religious or political ideology? If the book describes a conflict,
does the author, either explicitly or subtly, favor one side over the other?
d. What sources does the author use? Did he or she consult archival sources?
Did he or she analyze speeches? Did he or she conduct interviews? Was the
book a biography or an autobiography? If the book is a biography, does the
author give too much praise or criticism?
5. Conclusion: Assess the organization and style of the book.Is it well-organized and
clearly written? Does the style or content of the book recommend it to a specific
readership? Offer a final evaluation of the book. How valuable is the book? How
important is it to read the book? What stood out? What was the main lesson you
learned? Does your main book, Freedom on My Mind, discuss the topic you read about
for your report? How much more did you learn that was not included in the main
Your reports must be typed, double-spaced, and must be 5-7 pages. Please do not simply
copy information word for word. I am not looking for a full summary of each chapter, but
an overview.
history of african american

Select a 1-2 sentence direct quotation from the applicable learning resources that references, in a germane way, the issue,

programming assignment help Select a 1-2 sentence direct quotation from the applicable learning resources that references, in a germane way, the issue, idea, or concept key to that lesson. This quote will become the prompt for your Critical Reflection paper. This week’s reading will be in the files for you to pick a quote. Complete instructions will be in the files, including how the professor wants the paper to look. Please follow all steps. Cite from the reading as well as peer review articles that can be found by the professor.

Change Management Plan to Reduce Medication Errors

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Assignment 2 Change Management Plan: reducing medication errors by building a dual medication error reporting system with a ‘no fault, no blame’ culture Introduction Medication errors in hospitals are found to be the most common health-threatening mistakes made in Australia (Victoria Quality Council, n.d.). Adverse events caused by medication errors can affect patient care, leading to increased mortality rates, lengthy hospital stays and higher health costs (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2012). Although it is absolutely impossible to eliminate all medication errors as human errors can occur, reporting errors is fundamental to error prevention. “Ramifications of errors can provide critical information to inform the modification or creation of policies and procedures for averting similar errors from harming future patients” (Hughes, 2008, p. 334). Thus, it highlights the importance of change management to provide a reporting system for effective error reporting. In this paper, the author is going to explore current incident-reporting systems and discuss the potential benefit of a dual medication-error reporting system, with a ‘no fault, no blame’ culture through a literature review, followed by a clear rationale for the necessity of a change management plan to be in place. Lippitt’s Seven Steps of Change theory will be demonstrated in detail with clear strategies suggested for assessing the plan outcomes. Finally, the main issues will be summarised with an insightful conclusion. Discussion Medicines are the most common treatment used in the Australian healthcare system, which can make great contributions in relieving symptoms and preventing or treating illness (Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care, 2010). However, because medicines are so prevalently used, incidences of errors associated with the use of medicine are also high (Aronson, 2009). Over 770,000 people are harmed or die each year in hospital due to adverse drug events, which can cost up to 5.6 million dollars per year per hospital. Medication errors account for one out of 854 inpatient deaths and it is notable that the number of medication error-related death is higher than motor vehicle accidents, breast cancers and AIDS mortality (Hughes, 2008). Reporting enables a platform for errors to be documented and analysed to evaluate causes and create strategies to improve safety. A qualitative study (Victoria Quality Council, n.d) was conducted to survey the current medication error reporting systems in both metropolitan and rural hospitals in Victoria. Most hospitals prefer the report to be named as it allows follow-up of the incidents, whereas only a small proportion of hospitals use anonymous reporting to alleviate the barrier of reporting yet the correlation with actual errors has been low. In addition, a majority of hospitals acknowledged that near misses are supposed to be recorded but are rarely documented (). It is clear that errors and near misses are key to improve safety, so they should be reported regardless of whether an error resulted in patient harm. A near-miss error that has the potential to cause a serious event does not negate the fact that it was and still is an error. Reporting near misses is invaluable to reveal hidden danger. Hughes (2008) pointed out that the majority believes a mandatory, non-confidential incident report system could lead to and encourage lawsuits thus a reduced frequency of error reports resulted. A voluntary and confidential reporting system is preferred, which encourages the reporting of near misses and generates accurate error reports. However there is concern that with voluntary reporting, the true frequency of both errors and near misses could be much higher than what is actually reported (White, 2011). Thus, it can be concluded that a dual system combining both, mandatory and voluntary mechanisms might improve reporting. Although nurses should not be blamed or punished for medication errors, they are accountable for own actions. Therefore, reporting errors should not attribute blamed individuals but to ‘hold providers accountable for performance” and “provide information that leads to improved safety” (Hughes, 2008). Individuals and organisations attention needs to be drawn toward improving the error reporting system, which means to ‘ focus on a bad system more than bad people’ (Wachter, 2009). Reporting of errors should be encouraged by creating a ‘no fault no blame’ culture. Rationale: Medication errors can occur as a result of human mistakes or system errors. Every medication error can be associated with more than one error-producing condition, such as staff being busy, tired and engaging in mutule tasks (Cheragi, Manoocheri, Mohammadnejad

How the Internet of Things Has Shaped the Automotive Industry

How the Internet of Things Has Shaped the Automotive Industry. How the Internet of Things has shaped the automotive industry in relation to innovative product. Project Proposal: Proposal Rationale: The automotive industry has witnessed a transformation which has been technology-driven. This has allowed the automakers to collect data about their customers and to also better understand them, as well as impacting the products and the designing processes in manufacturing the technologically advanced vehicles on the road today. Innovation within the cockpit technologies, safety features and also advanced materials have allow vehicles to become much cleaner, lighter and ultimately safer for consumers. Because of these innovations, vehicles are now also becoming a connected product, allowing for greater public acceptance as it changes the way consumers stay connected while traveling such as being able to control and monitor your car from your smartphone (Deloitte, 2014). This study will aim to understand how the Internet of Things has impacted on the automotive industry, how it has evolved and the effects it has brought about, both positive and negative. This information will be found by collecting data from relevant sources through interviews and surveys. The findings from this project will then be presented into a conclusion which will consist of how the internet of things has impacted the automotive in their product development. Company Background Jaguar Land Rover is a company that brings together two highly prestigious British car brands – Jaguar and Land Rover which Tata Motors acquired from Ford in 2008. Since, its success has flourished, with memorable vehicles and innovative technologies that add to a long-lasting legacy (, 2019). The multinational company holds its main centres in the UK with its engineering centres at Whitley and Gaydon, where the products are designed, and the Castle Bromwich assembly is where they are manufactured. The India based parent group is one of the world leaders in the auto manufactured industry and has large global footprint with presence in more than 80 countries across the world (, 2019). Jaguar is the largest UK auto manufacturing employer by providing jobs to over 25,000 people directly and over 170,000 people indirectly. The company also has an excellent exporter of the automobiles with more than 80% of the vehicles manufactured in the UK being sold abroad Jaguar Land Rover is committed in to the development of the automotive industry and invests a large portion of the company’s revenues in to the research and development of their products (, 2019). Aims and Objectives: The research aim of this project is to investigate how the internet of things has impacted the automotive industry, looking closely at Jaguar Land Rover in particular and how this has aiding in creating their innovation products. In order to carry out this research, the aim is to answer the following research questions: Investigate the impact internet of things has had on research and design of their vehicles Explore previous methods for innovative product before the digital age To ascertain the value add to customer satisfaction through their enhanced smart connected products Investigate the impact that smart connected products has had on the company’s success or failures Literature Review: An in-depth review of the literature surrounding the topic area has been conducted in order to reach and conclude on the research questions. The review begins with understanding the concept of ‘Internet of Things’, how it has evolved and its impacts such as benefits and potential drawbacks: going forward this will aid in understanding the responses received during the information gathering stage. What is the Internet of Things: The Internet of Things, also called the Internet of Everything or the Industrial Internet, can be defined as the interconnection via the Internet of computing devices embedded in everyday objects, enabling them to send and receive data (Lee and Lee, 2015.) There are currently an estimated 26.66 billion connected devices world-wide which is a vast increase since the 15.41 billion in 2015. Within the next 6 years it’s predicted there may be as many as 75.44 billion devices (Statista, 2019) which amounts to a fivefold increase in 10 years. Smart, connected products offer numerous opportunities for new improved functionalities, it enhances the reliability of the product, gives greater utilisation for products, and capabilities can surpass traditional product boundaries. These products can vary and there are three different types of components. Physical components being the first – these are the mechanical and electrical parts of a product such as an engine in a car. The next type of component is the smart component which are the sensors, microprocessors, data storage, controls etc. and within a car these would be the anti-lock braking system, the rain sensors on a windscreen etc. Thirdly there are connectivity components which are the ports, antennae and protocols enabling wired or wireless connections with the product. Connectivity serves a dual purpose: It allows information to be exchanged between the product and its operating environment, its maker, its users, and other products and systems. Connectivity also enables some functions of the product to exist outside the physical device, in the product cloud. (Porter and Heppelman, 2014) Strategy Implications: When creating a strategy, one much decide on which smart, connected product capabilities and features to pursue. Questions must be asked in the planning stage such as what sort of features can be created which will deliver real value to the customers whilst also being conscious of costs. Also, the value of the capabilities or features will depend on the market segment. The strategy must also focus on remaining competitive and therefore which features or capabilities of their products can reinforce that (Mastorakis et al., 2017). The strategy must also focus on how much functionality to include in product or in cloud. This will have implications as there will be a higher unit price for those with more functionality in product whilst more functionality in cloud will lead security and accessibility risks. This decision will be helped or influenced by the response time, automation, network availability etc (Enterprise and Burkitt, 2019). Closed or open systems approach will also need assessed. Closed approach customers purchase the entire smart, connected product system from a single manufacturer, key interfaces are proprietary. Whereas open approach allows any entity to participate in and interface with the system. Other aspects must also be considered such as: – How data should be captured, secured and analysed, – The ownership of the data and whom has access rights, – Decide on whether to enter new business routes, and – Decide on the organisational scope. Methodology: This section will explain and discuss how the project question will be addressed and the methods selected to carry out the research. Method With having such a precise research aims, a qualitative research method will be used as it will allow the researcher and author to investigate the topic in sufficient detail. Research Design The most effective research method suited for this project will be using and conductive semi structured interviews with employees within Jaguar Land Rover. This will entail of an interviewer asking a range of questions which will have already been organised. The conversation can verve off the predetermined questions but remain within the topic areas to gain as much detail as required. This method allows for informality and flexibility. Each interview will focus around the following areas: Background and context to how the internet of things is being used in new vehicles Benefits or pitfalls that have occurred as of result in the smart connected products Key risks and success factors involved Next steps and future predictions Data Collection The researcher of this study has gained contacts with Jaguar Land Rover whom have given their direct approval and agreement in assisting in the research through participating in any interviews and completing surveys as required. Reliability The researcher will ensure that the reliability of all information gathered is to a high level by not asking any persuasive questions during the semi-structured interviews. Notes will be taken during these interviews to ensure all information gathered is recorded, enhancing its dependability. Research Ethics The researcher of this study has been able to secure ethical approval to carry out this research by a manager within Jaguar Land Rover. The author will ensure that the information published in the project will be kept professional and no confidential information will be disclosed. Conclusion It is anticipated that this research will develop in-depth knowledge and expertise around the topic as well as a high level of understanding of the overarching impact that smart connected products bring to the company. Project Plan: Task Name Duration Start Finish Predecessors Technology Management Project 81 days Mon 03/06/19 Mon 23/09/19 Phase 1 – Project Refinement 11 days Mon 03/06/19 Mon 17/06/19 Mentor meeting 0.25 days Mon 03/06/19 Mon 03/06/19 Define topic 2 days Tue 04/06/19 Wed 05/06/19 3 Define research questions 1 day Thu 06/06/19 Thu 06/06/19 4 Write up project proposal 4 days Fri 07/06/19 Wed 12/06/19 5 Review proposal and action feedback 2 days Thu 13/06/19 Fri 14/06/19 6 Submit proposal 0.5 days Mon 17/06/19 Mon 17/06/19 7 Phase 2- Data Collection 49 days Mon 03/06/19 Thu 08/08/19 Secure research company 2 days Mon 03/06/19 Tue 04/06/19 Draw up interview and survey questions 3 days Tue 02/07/19 Thu 04/07/19 10 Complete data collection 19 days Fri 05/07/19 Wed 31/07/19 11 Write up literature review 5 days Thu 01/08/19 Wed 07/08/19 12 Write up research methods 1 day Thu 08/08/19 Thu 08/08/19 13 Phase 3 – Analysis and finalising 44 days Wed 24/07/19 Mon 23/09/19 Write up key findings 5 days Wed 24/07/19 Tue 30/07/19 Mentor meeting 1 day Mon 05/08/19 Mon 05/08/19 16 Supervisor Meeting 0.5 days Tue 06/08/19 Tue 06/08/19 17 Incorporate feedback 0.5 days Tue 06/08/19 Tue 06/08/19 18 Revisit literature 5 days Wed 07/08/19 Tue 13/08/19 19 Write up introduction 5 days Fri 16/08/19 Wed 21/08/19 20 Write up conclusion and recommendations 4 days Mon 26/08/19 Thu 29/08/19 21 Write up reflective essay 6 days Fri 30/08/19 Fri 06/09/19 22 Review full project 0 days Fri 06/09/19 Fri 06/09/19 23 Mentor meeting 0.5 days Fri 13/09/19 Fri 13/09/19 24 Incorporate feedback 5 days Mon 16/09/19 Fri 20/09/19 25 Submit Final Project 0 days Mon 23/09/19 Mon 23/09/19 26 References: Deloitte (2014). Acceleration of the connected experience Vehicle connectivity and evolving customer expectations. USA: Deloitte USA, p.3. (2019). [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jun. 2019]. (2019). The History Of Jaguar Land Rover Management Essay. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Jun. 2019]. Lee, I. and Lee, K., 2015. The Internet of Things (IoT): Applications, investments, and challenges for enterprises. Business Horizons, 58(4), pp.431-440. Porter, M.E. and Heppelmann, J.E., 2015. How smart, connected products are transforming companies, Harvard Business Review, 93(10), pp.96-114. Mastorakis, G., Mongay Batalla, J., Mavromoustakis, C. and Pallis, E. (2017). BEYOND THE INTERNET OF THINGS Everything Interconnected. SPRINGER, p.150. Statista. (2019). IoT: number of connected devices worldwide 2012-2025 | Statista. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Jun. 2019]. Heppelmann, J. (2018). Expanding Industry Boundaries with the Internet of Things. Enterprise, S. and Burkitt, F. (2019). Six Ways To Define Your Internet Of Things Strategy | Articles | Chief Technology Officer. [online] Available at: [Accessed 16 Jun. 2019]. How the Internet of Things Has Shaped the Automotive Industry