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Identity and Ethnicity in “The House on Mango Street” by Cisneros Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Esperanza’s Search for Independence Discovering Identity Concluding Remarks Works Cited Introduction The House on Mango Street (1984) by Sandra Cisneros is a novel telling the story of Esperanza, a young Latina who moves to Chicago and grows up in a community of Puerto Ricans and Chicanos. The main goal in Esperanza’s life is to become a free and independent woman who makes her own decisions, and her dreams were fueled by observing the many people trapped in the slums of Mango Street. Since the novel is concerned with a girl growing up as a Chicana, it delves deep into the topic of cultural identity in the context of prejudice and suffering. Esperanza’s Search for Independence Esperanza’s ideas of autonomy are reflected in her desire to own a house. According to O’Reilly Herrera, the house represents the various structures of social, political, and economic power (192). For Cisneros, the house on Mango Street is a symbol of all forces that oppose Esperanza as a woman, a writer, and a member of a minority. The same way in which the main character struggles to be recognized as an individual of female, communal, and literary identity, the same way she wants to have a new house all for herself, not the one where she lives: “I knew then I had to have a house. A real house. One I could point to. But this isn’t it. The house on Mango Street isn’t it” (Cisneros 2). The struggles of the main character for identity and independence are even reflected in her attitudes toward her name. “In English my name means hope. In Spanish, it means too many letters. It means sadness, it means waiting” […] “I would like to baptize myself under a new name, a name more like the real me, the one nobody sees” (Cisneros 4). Discovering Identity In the girl’s quest for becoming independent, she slowly discovers different symbols that made it possible for her to build an identity. The imaginary house is the first step towards finding Esperanza’s individuality because it gives her the courage to start writing. Her name, given after her grandmother who had an extremely hard life, also encourages the girl to stand against the bad treatment and avoid ending up as a failure. The new sense of identity and belonging to a community takes a new turn when Esperanza meets three sisters from Mexico, whose appearance is akin to those of fairy godmothers. The three sisters teach the girl a very important lesson: “when you leave you must remember to come back for the others. A circle, understand? You will always be Esperanza […] You can’t erase what you know. You can’t forget who you are” (Cisneros 105). This advice is crucial to Esperanza’s understanding of who she really is. The self-knowledge about her present and past shape the girl’s identity, and the power of writing allowed Esperanza to retell and remember history, which gave her a sense of being special and independent. Concluding Remarks Esperanza’s life in The House on Mango Street came full circle: when searching for identity and autonomy, she forgot who she is. She overlooked her Mexican heritage, the importance of Chicana feminism, and the fact that who she is making her special. At the beginning of the novel, Esperanza’s protest against the orthodox encourages the search for identity. At the end of the novel, the search ends with the young woman gaining control over her talent for writing. Works Cited Cisneros, Sandra. The House on Mango Street. Vintage Contemporaries, 1984. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More O’Reilly Herrera, Andrea. “Chambers of Consciousness: Sandra Cisneros and the Development of the Self in the Big House on Mango Street.” Bucknell Review, vol. 39, no. 1, 1995, pp. 191-204.

BMCC Rigley Pharmaceuticals Expansion Paper

BMCC Rigley Pharmaceuticals Expansion Paper.

PromptRigley Pharmaceuticals is a small pharmaceutical manufacturer in the United States. The firm is looking to expand its line of vaccines to Namibia, a country in southwest Africa. The Namibian economy is picking up and the country is looking for vaccines, but navigating the market from abroad is challenging. Rigley’s senior leadership is also wary of taking on 100% of the risk in expanding its product line to a foreign country and would prefer the assistance of a Namibian firm. Given these circumstances, what would be the best method for Rigley to expand to Namibia? Explain the reasoning behind your decision with relevant examples of the benefits of the chosen method.
BMCC Rigley Pharmaceuticals Expansion Paper

Legal and Ethical Responsibilities Pain MGT in Metastatic Bone Disease Case Study

order essay cheap Legal and Ethical Responsibilities Pain MGT in Metastatic Bone Disease Case Study.

Assignment ContentRead the following case study from the Center for Practical Bioethics:Walking the TightropeComplete the Questions for Discussion following the case. Your answers may be brief.Write an 875-to-1,050-word paper in which you:Summarize the case, explaining the legal and ethical aspects of it.Research and explain any laws that pertain to the situation.Define and explain the ethical principles that pertain to this case.Determine if the legal and ethical responsibilities are in alignment with each other.Explain how you would recommend this care team resolve the situation by answering the following questions:What specific details of the case require resolution?What specific actions should the organization or nurse take to ensure an appropriate outcome?What resources and dependencies exist for your recommendation?Cite at least 3 peer-reviewed sources published within the last 5 years.Note: At least 1 of the sources should provide evidence for your resolution recommendation or plan of action.Include an APA-formatted reference list.
Legal and Ethical Responsibilities Pain MGT in Metastatic Bone Disease Case Study

Ballet Idaho Academy Rate of Heat Loss Through Conduction Questions

Ballet Idaho Academy Rate of Heat Loss Through Conduction Questions.

Question One: An insulated jar containing 200 g of solid candle wax is placed on a hot plate that supplies heat energy to the
wax at the rate of 220 J/s. The wax temperature is measured every 30 s, yielding the following data:
Table 1: Time (s) Temperature (◦ C) 0 20.0 30 31.7 60 42.2 90 55.0 120 64.7 150 70.4 180 70.5 210 70.5 240 70.6 270 70.5 300 70.4 330 74.5 What are the specific heat of the solid wax, the melting point, and the wax’s heat of fusion?Question Two(a) A square steel plate, with sides 10 cm long and thickness 3 mm, is placed on a stand in a freezer, ambient
temperature -12◦C. The initial temperature of the plate is 50◦C. At what rate is it losing energy to begin with? If
it continued to lose heat at that rate, how long would it take to reach the ambient temperature? You may neglect
conduction through the stand. Will it actually take more or less time than this, and why?
(b) The same steel plate is again heated to 50◦C. One side is placed in contact with the end of a copper rod (length
15 cm, cross sectional area 9 mm2
), the other end of which is connected to a reservoir at -12◦C. At what rate will
heat initially be transferred out of the plate (you may neglect the heat lost as the copper rod comes to equilibrium)?
If you again assume the rate of heat loss is constant, will it take more or less time for the plate to reach -12◦C than
in part (a)?
Ballet Idaho Academy Rate of Heat Loss Through Conduction Questions

Censorship of the Internet and Mass Media

Censorship of the Internet and Mass Media. The conversation regarding censorship amongst states, meaning nations or countries in this context, has been a highly contested and conflicted debate for over a century. According to The Merriam-Webster Dictionary, “censorship is suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, politically incorrect or “inconvenient” as determined by government authorities or by community consensus” (Merriam-Webster). Nearly all states, even those that are considered to be extremely free states, practice numerous forms of both direct and indirect censorship. Censorship is usually rationalized to protect from dangerous, obscene, and/or negative information from being released and exposed to certain audiences or the general public. It is important to be noted that self-censorship, where one or more individuals censor their own personal discourses and environments, is not the type of censorship that pertains to this essay as it will focus on official acts of censorship. In her book, Censorship In America, historian Mary E. Hull defines official acts of censorship as official actions by a government or governing body that restrict access to certain information to their audience (Hull, 1). For the purposes of this essay, the United States of America will be the main focus when discussing censorship and its effects and implications. If given the absolute power and ability, the censorship of the internet and mass media in America could produce detrimental effects amongst nearly all aspects of society. Therefore, it is of utmost importance that free, open, public, and uncensored access to the internet and medias across the United States of America must remain and be protected. Technology and increased globalization have interconnected states and their citizens more than ever which has led to the creation of the “global citizen”. Because of this, some governments have highly censored media within their states as freedom of speech and access to different thoughts and ideologies poses high risks. Across the globe, numerous non-governmental organizations research and work to determine the amount and ways-in-which information is censored in different states. Reporters Without Borders (RWB), a United Nations consultant, studies the freedom of expression and information in states and publishes their findings in the annual World Press Freedom Index. The World Press Freedom Index consults and surveys expert lawyers, sociologists, media professionals, and journalists on pluralism, media independence, environment and self-censorship, legislative framework, transparency, infrastructure, and abuses within their country. The 2018 report that surveyed one hundred and eighty states concluded that Norway, Sweden, and the Netherlands are the most free and/or least censored states while Syria, Eritrea, and North Korea are currently the most censored and least free states (RWB, 2018). For reference, Canada is the eighteenth most free state, the United Kingdom is the fortieth most free, and the United States falls as the forty-fifth most free state. The United States fell two places from 2017 to 2018 which can be attributed to the actions of President Donald J. Trump and his administration. Trump notoriously declared the press an “enemy of the American people”, which has triggered attacks against journalists and their credibility using the fallacious and often erroneous term “fake news” (RWB, 2018). Reports and research like this help truthfully determine the freedom of speech, press, and information across the globe from a nonbiased perspective. ­ Censorship in The United States of America Censorship in the United State of America is a highly controversial topic given how prominent and institutional the liberty of freedom of speech and the press is engrained into legislature and society. The First Amendment to The Constitution states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” (U.S. Const. amend. I). The freedom of speech in America is not absolute as it does not protect hate speech or obscenity, meaning that strongly offensive speech or speech that promotes hateful acts based on bias can legally be censored as they are not protected forms of speech (Hull, 3). The First Amendment can be attributed as the foundation for the popular American motto and saying, “land of the free”. This nationalistic saying has permeated American society as many Americans pride themselves on the thought of America being thee land of freedom and justice despite numerous ranking and studies pointing otherwise (RWB, 2018). Since the creation and implementation of the First Amendment, numerous laws and rulings have been instituted and repealed in order to restrict the freedom of speech and press. Notably, the Sedition and Espionage Acts, imposed under President Wilson in 1917, declared it illegal and treasonous for citizens to speak against the United States government, military, and flag. This act attempted to bend the First Amendment, however, it was repealed in 1919 as it clearly violated the freedom of speech and press clause. In 1971, The Pentagon Papers, officially titled Report of the Office of the Secretary of Defense Vietnam Task Force, were classified United States of America military and government documents that were leaked. The Pentagon Papers detailed the involvement of the United States in the Vietnam War from 1945-1967 (Hull, 27). These documents revealed that the United States had gone against legislation and made official decisions without the aid or input from Congress, which is legally required. They were leaked, according to Hull, because “critics charged that the government resorted to excessive classification of documents in order to conceal activity from the public, whereas the government maintained that it was acting in the interests of national security” (Hull, 29). This leak was taken to the Supreme Court of the United States and was ruled legal as the Supreme Court determined that the general public has the right to these documents despite the government’s attempt to censor the press. Although the First Amendment has been tested numerous times, it stands generally true that individuals in the United States of America are entitled to freedom of speech and press so long as it does not fuel the occurrence of legitimate crimes. Internet Censorship in the United States Within the past few decades, the rules and guidelines set by the First Amendment have made the waters murkier than ever when discussing censorship and the media. The internet has made news and media more accessible than ever which enhances the effects, debatably both positive and negative, censorship can have. Given the capitalistic nature of the internet, major new sources occupy a massive section of the internet and tend to circulate only chosen specific media and news stories that fit their agenda, this is known as corporate censorship. ­Project Censored, a news source that publishes important news and media that was not reported by the mainstream mass media, works to eliminate corporate censorship as they see it as a blockade towards democracy and free press. (Jensen, 2018). Although corporate censorship is highly problematic, it is protected by the First Amendment as companies and individuals have the right to broadcast what they see as fit. The Internet Must Remain Free from Censorship Internet Censors and Blockers In the United States, the First Amendment protects against and prohibits majority of internet censorship involvement from the federal, state, and local governments. However, private companies have more leeway in their actions to censor content, particularly in regards to public spaces. There tends to be a steep crossover between these private companies and the state as the government or government officials often support and fund companies whose interest align with theirs. This is a classic incident of corruption with the government finding a loophole to overstep their rightful bounds. Internet censorship is typically performed by content blockers and removers that are created, installed, and programmed to block all content deemed obscene or unfitting. The major problem of these programs is determining what content is and is not okay…a process that can be easily corrupted. In the words of Mary E. Hull, “What is indecent in one person’s mind may be decent in another’s; thus, regardless of the censor’s motive, the result of censoring is the denial of another’s freedom to choose.” (Hull, 2). This exact problem was exacerbated in 1997 in a Virginia library that had installed a blocking program on its public computers. The intention of the program was to block and censor sexually explicit content from minors, which is perfectly legal and the decision was supported by the National Law Center for Children and Families (Hull, 35). However, this program, advertently or not, also blocked the American Association of University Women website and an AIDS website which is extremely problematic because this blocker is now restricting access and information from the public. The center of this controversy is not the use of a blocker, as individuals should have the right to knowingly censor content in private, but the fact that a publically funded device was censoring appropriate content. Given this incident occurred in 1997, it is unlikely that the censoring of those two specific websites was directly intentional, however, it remains unclear as numerous biases could lead a company to explicitly censor more than originally intended. This incident, albeit small, shows how detrimental censorship of the internet can be and why the internet needs to remain publically uncensored. It is extremely important that the First Amendment be rigorously upheld in the United States of America as it is the major piece of legislation that prohibits extreme censorship. For this reason, totalitarian control of the internet has not been observed in the United States but other countries can be used as examples of this. The People’s Republic of China is notorious for their strict censorship of the internet, especially social media, and suppression of news and information. According to the 2018 World Press Freedom Index, China is the one hundred and seventy-sixth (fourth worst) least free states as President Xi Jinping and the Communist Party implement extreme censorship and surveillance on the citizens (RWB, 2018). China has been very innovative to censor the internet by creating different apps and networking sites that resemble sites like Facebook and Twitter (WalkerCensorship of the Internet and Mass Media

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