Ohio Christian University Application of Social Psychology Concepts Discussion
Ohio Christian University Application of Social Psychology Concepts Discussion.
Evaluate ways one applies social psychology concepts from both a legal and a business perspective.It seems like we cannot go one day without hearing the news of a high profile legal case or some form of big business change/decision that affects all of us emotionally, economically, or even personally at times. Whether on a grand federal level or on a small town level, where we work, socialize, and even play can be affected by various legal and business changes that are made every day. Understanding and critically examining how we all have an opportunity to change, take part, or voice ourselves regarding these issues can be very empowering.Learning Activity #5: Implications ResponseRead Chapters 12 and 13 of your textbook.Write one paragraph for each of the following questions, which should result in a total of three to four well developed paragraphs.According to your textbook, in the legal world, what are the risks of false confessions? What are key factors that promote these and what is your opinion about how these should be handled in our society?Describe eyewitness testimony and how accurate it tends to be in our society. Again, how do these factors affect you and our society?Describe three leadership characteristics that you believe you possess, and explain why you believe you possess these.What is one characteristic specifically that you are working to develop further?Describe what your textbook discusses about social influences in our culture’s economic decision making. How do you feel about these influences and how do they affect your Christian Worldview?
Ohio Christian University Application of Social Psychology Concepts Discussion
In week one we developed our PICO question we will use for the whole project paper. Mine is as Essay
python assignment help In week one we developed our PICO question we will use for the whole project paper. Mine is as follows: In (P) hospital staff nurses, what is the effectiveness in having (I) forms of stress management classes (C) compared to pushing off stress in (O) decreasing nurse burnout? The prompt is below: You are expected to search for the best available evidence and critically appraise the evidence. We highly recommend that you use either the JBI Hierarchy of Evidence or Melnyk’s of evidence (as noted in the “Steps” series) to rank your evidence. You should develop both an evidence table (see EBP Project Proposal Paper Template) and narrative synthesis. You need to write a very clear, descriiptive, and in-depth narrative synthesis (4-8 pages) of evidence that reveals the current state of knowledge on the topic [see sample integrative reviews in the lib guides: Hewitt (2010) and Larret (2009) papers]. Include in the narrative the following: Descriiption of common themes found in the literature/sources Identification of consistencies and contradictions in the literature/sources Identification of gaps in the existing body of knowledge Please review the readings, sample paper (in Course Resources), and grading rubric for guidance. Use the EBP Project Proposal Paper Template and insert the week’s writing requirements. Submit the paper in its entirety with each week’s assignment. Criteria to address: Introduction to section: PICO(T), keywords, and a minimum of three relevant databases searched Table which includes a minimum of 8 sources of evidence Narrative Synthesis Update References Attached is the graph I have to use for the evidence as well.
Definition of the Organizational Sustainability Expository Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Organizational Sustainability Importance of Sustainability Conclusion Works Cited Introduction Organizations have a lot needs and goals that need to be achieved for it to maintain a competitive position and stay relevant to its goals and mission. Despite putting in place many good strategies, organizations sometimes face the challenge of staying relevant to their goals. In doing so, many organizations often turn to sustainability as a strategy of achieving their set goals and policies. Sustainability is the act of coming up with strategies that intend to meet the goals of the strategy and aim at making the organization flexible to the ever changing business world. This essay is going to explore how sustainability is going to be carried out through the position of Chief Sustainability Officer (CSO) offered to an individual. Organizational Sustainability Sustainability in organizations is a practice that is usually carried out by senior management officials and it undertaken by various departments in the organization. However, due to the recent changes and challenges as such financial problems and global climate changes in business sustainability is important in maintaining organizational policy (Phillis). Organizational policy involves reviewing the strategies of the organization to be in tune with current business practices that will make the organization to overcome business challenges. In setting up of the position of Chief Sustainability Officer, the organization should set up this position to be equivalent to the head of a department. This is important in that as the head of sustainability I have to be in constant touch with the heads of departments and the CEO (Chief Executive Officer). In doing so I am able to analyse the decisions undertaken by management and make a decision based on strategies that affect sustainability in the organization. The position of the CSO should be fitted in between the departmental heads and all other employees for this position to play a critical role in informing of the organizational strategy (Froschheiser). As the head of sustainability in the organization it is important to undertake the duties of advising the CEO and the board of directors of the organization on the making decisions and strategies that will make the organization sustainable. As the Head of sustainability, the CSO is responsible for ensuring that the organization’s strategies are communicated to all staff and to make sure that these strategies are well understood. Sustainability is complimentary to organizational strategy and therefore the CSO has the responsibility of ensuring that the organizational strategy is in tune with goals and missions of the organization. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Within the organization, the CSO has a duty of gathering the ideas and thoughts of all employees on important strategies necessary for making the organization have a competitive edge and transcend into the future easily (Froschheiser). Implementing sustainable ideas requires an organization to have visionary and strong leaders who can aid in implementing these ideas within the organization. Importance of Sustainability Sustainability is very important within the organization in that it helps in aligning the organizational goals with the organizational values and beliefs. The position of the CSO is very critical since this position acts as a link between the management and the other staff in ensuring that communication is important in making the organization sustainable. Leadership is important in building a sustainable environment for business activities to flourish within an organization. Sustainability encompasses a lot activities leadership, production efficiency and improving compliance to environmental and international laws. Sustainability includes making use of new technology in the undertaking of business activities and incorporating safe business practices (Phillis). A sustainable organization is one in which use sustainable production methods through proper use of land, air and water in achieving its clients’ needs. An organization should have provisions for sustainability in its business goals and strategies. Therefore by having organizational leader such as the CSO who could audit the organizational strategies and come up with better strategies is very important. Sustainability ensures an organization can easily anticipate challenges and come up with better solutions to their problems and therefore stay ahead of the competition. Sustainability ensures that there is diversification in the organizational strategy and activities of the organization are guided on engagement and relationship building (Froschheiser). Sustainability encompasses the art of learning and therefore sustainable organizations have the capacity to manage its strategies through prudent use of data collected through research and review. Conclusion The skill of organizing an organization to achieve sustainability either through its strategies and planning is very challenging. Many organizations do not realise the importance of sustainability and therefore they tend to operate without proper, clear and well focussed strategies. For sustainability to be successful in the organization there needs to be a strong leadership and a flexible organizational structure that works together in a team to ensure organizational goals are met. The importance that sustainability has on the running of an organization requires for the position of a Chief Sustainability Officer to oversee all strategies are geared towards sustainability. We will write a custom Essay on Definition of the Organizational Sustainability specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Works Cited Phillis, Yannis. Sustainability of Organizations. The Business Thinker, 5 April 2010. Web. . Froschheiser, Lee. Business Sustainability: The Strategies to Achieve, the Leadership that Makes It Happen. n.d. Web.
Discussing The American Ideals In The Post War Period English Literature Essay
Throughout this essay I shall be discussing the American ideals in the post-war period. I will question whether ‘American Culture is all about conforming to one single incontrovertible ideal’. Therefore, I will be concentrating on Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman (1949) and David Mamet’s Glengarry Glen Ross (1982). These texts are of particular interest from a theoretical point of view because the time of their writing spans a period from the end of modernism through to post-modernism. As such they offer a valuable opportunity to examine the American dream. All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. (Jefferson, 2004, p48) This ‘pursuit of happiness’ is now what is seen as the American dream. A result within the evolution of economical trade, the uppermost definition of America’s ” pursuit of happiness” is success, often rejecting the original values within the declaration, all men maybe created equal but the pursuit of happiness soon denies equality. Miller and Mamet, present plays where equality has been denied making way for the competitive world that is “conforming to one single incontrovertible ideal”(Clark). It was Calvin Coolidge who said, “The Business of America is Business”(Coolidge, 1968, p3) highlighting America not as ‘a land of opportunity” but a land of capitalism. Coolidge goes on “Of course the accumulation of wealth cannot be justified as the chief end of existence” (Coolidge, 2007, p358). When looking at the two plays, it is easy to see how Coolidge came to this decision. An immediate evolution can be seen even within the titles. Miller’s play Death of a Salesman (1940’s) shows that the play is clearly about the death of a man who was a salesman. Whereas, Mamet’s play Glengarry Glen Ross (1980’s) is named after a plot of land, a product that is being sold. The man no longer exists but has been consumed by a world where selling is life. By using this as a starting point, it is easy to see how both Miller and Mamet create worlds were men are struggling to keep an existence as a result of the American culture. As a ‘Master craftsman’ (Richards, 1976, p4) Miller uses incredible detail in his stage directions, by using an exploded set Miller was able to create dramatic effect. This setting can be seen as the destruction taken place in Willy’s mind. This set could also be used as a ‘theatrical tool’ to represent the destruction of any male mind, forced upon by the world in which it is set. Furthermore, this setting also manages to retain the Aristotelian unity of time and place throughout the play, showing Loman not only as the typical 1940’s family man, but also as a typical product of American culture. The majority of the action takes in Willy’s family home. The Brooklyn neighbourhood, a fashionable place to be “well liked”(Miller, 1949, p2329). The first of the set of stage directions say the house is in fact “a dream rising out of reality”(p2327) reflecting the need to accomplish ones self in a world where money is the only acceptable goal, all of Willy’s achievements can be see within the house. What is more, this unity of time and place is also a tool that can be carried along the years to ‘Glengarry’ with one difference, the family home has disappeared, the need to accomplish success is no longer to be “well liked”(2329), money is no longer an acceptable goal, but the only goal, this is the point where ‘America is business’. Benedict Nightingale described the Mamet’s characters within Glengarry as Willy Loman at work in the 1980s just as vulnerable but even more driven, even more compromised and distorted by the pressures of commerce and the harshness of society (Nightingale, p89) The ” willy loman at work in the 80’s” could also represent the exploded mind of Willy existence; an un-natural existence where everything Willy once knew has now changed, the world that was changing is now reality in Glengarry Glen Ross. Mamet disregards everything that was once natural the garden, the family, the neighbours. Instead the new nature is that of human nature that has been developed to close and “always be closing”(Mamet, 1982). The men are only in two places, either the office or the restaurant by taking away the family scenes. Mamet has created a play beyond Loman, an existence where there isn’t a real life or a proper existence, but an exploded mind, a mind full of expletives words, empty words that don’t quite connect. This disintegration of language from the 1940’s Death of a Salesman to the 1980’s Glengarry Glen Ross is so well presented that it was referred to by the actors of the 1992 film adaptation as “Death of a Fuckin’ Salesman”(Harris, 2008), not even the language has been completed, it has only deteriorated to the point that the Salesman has to highlight his power by being that “Fuckin Salesman”. The characters themselves rarely complete a sentence, never mind completing it without profanity. They never complete a deal and the play does not complete itself. Figure one (to the left), shows a poster for a Death of Salesman; it can be assumed that the image is Willy. The image could connote the idea that Willy is no longer in the spot light; he is not the successful salesman. The character has his back turned, and is a shadow of a man. Willy is a man standing still in the shadows of a world constantly moving and so he continues using his own method, powers of persuasion, talk. Willy’s personal representations of the American Dream are his brother Ben and the salesman Dave Singleman, and he views the success of these two men as something to aim for, he does not accept that these symbols of success are also past. As Willy looks to Dave Singleman for success, “what could be more satisfying than to be able to go, at the age of eighty-four . . . and be remembered and loved and helped by so many different people?”(Miller, 1949, p2361) His admiration of Singleman’s prolonged success illustrates his obsession with being well liked. He fathoms having people “remember” and “love” him as the ultimate satisfaction, because such warmth from business contacts would validate him in a way that his family’s love does not. However, Willy Ignores, the fact that he was a ‘single’ man still working at age eighty-four. Levene looks to Willy Loman as a Single-man figure, using similar tactics. Levene uses invention and improvise, he is the performative salesman, and like Willy he believes he can be successful in the future because he was successful in the past. When he performs the story of his successful sale with the Nyborgs, we actually hear Levine being referred to, as the “Machine” (Mamet, 1982) up to now he has been a failure; Levine believes he can sell like he could when he was still “hot.”(Mamet,1982) This is Levene fatal flaw, just like Willy, he has a tendency to believe what he wants to believe. There is no growth or resolution by any of the characters. “It’s contacts Charley, I got important contacts!”(Miller, 1949, p2344) says Willy. “Give me the leads!”(Mamet, 1982) Says Levene. Willy dies the death of a salesman; Shelly says, “I was born for a salesman” Mamet, 1982, yet suffers the same fate as Willy. Levene is no longer conforming to the incontrovertible ideal but being murdered by it, the symbolic death of Levine ‘the machine’ forces him to look back into the past like Loman, he depends of the glory of the past, but in this fast moving world the past doesn’t exist. Levine has to try to cling on to identity talks to the end like Loman “I… I â€¦” (Mamet, 1982). The only resolution that appears is death, in Death of a Salesman it is the physical death of Willy, and in ‘Glengarry’, it is the ending of words, the ending of selling. Due to constant striving towards the American dream everyone seems unhappy in someway, they have not reached the incontrovertible ideal that acts as some sort of substantial completion. As well as the American Dream, both the plays show the characters performing to another incontrovertible ideal, and that is masculinity. “A man IS his job and you are fucked at yours” (Mamet, 1982) Willy was his job, when his job was taken away from him, he ceased to exist. In Miller’s essay Tragedy of the Common Man, Miller identifies the tragic flaw of all common men as “inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity, his image of his rightful status.”(Miller, 1949, p1) Willy defines himself as a salesman, and feels that he must succeed in the business world to define himself as an accomplished man. Mamet believes that the idea that Willy perceives as being successful is the ideal that makes up the masculine identity. Mamet describes ‘Glengarry’ as a “gang comedy about men, work, and unbridled competition” (Kane, 1992, p. 256) merging the idea that masculinity is capitalism, work is money, money is success, success is masculine. Mamet’s view shows a primitive connection to masculinity, it is a “gang” of “unbridled competition” a pack like resemblance and Willy’s “inherent unwillingness to remain passive”(Miller) means he steps out of place within “the gang” and therefore cast aside, the same can be said for Levene. Both plays represent the idea that all men are cogs in a working machine controlled by a higher power suggesting there are not only a ‘gang’ at work but also a whole pack of wolves. As Shakespeare once claimed “All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players” (Shakespeare, 2001,p417). In ‘Glengarry’ the players are the salesmen playing in the world of Mitch