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HUMN 9003 Walden University Bullying at Schools Discussion

HUMN 9003 Walden University Bullying at Schools Discussion.

I’m working on a sociology discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

Write a 300- to 400-word initial post that is organized into multiple paragraphs: MY TOPIC IS ABOUT WHAT CAUESES CHILDHOOD BULLYING AND HOW TO FIND PREVENTATIVE WAYS TO PREVENT CHILDHOOD BULLYINGSummarize your research problem.Identify and define two theories that might provide a framework, OR two variations of a conceptual framework, OR one theory and one conceptual framework that may be used in your study.Explain how both of your chosen theories or conceptual frameworks could work in your study.Explain how once you choose a framework it will influence the entire study.
HUMN 9003 Walden University Bullying at Schools Discussion

Introduction Literature is the reflection of life, an exquisite mirror displaying the very facts of personal, individual, collective and social life. Poetry is one of the most beautiful and sublime forms of literature; it is therefore the genre is often called the dance of words. Poetry is the record of imaginary events, but it is more: the events must be elaborated in a lively and persuasive style. (Daiches 1991, 53) There are many kinds of poetry including sonnet, lyric, poem, haiku, tanka, limericks, blank verse, dramatic monologue and others. Robert Browning is one of the distinguished poets of nineteenth century. It is he who introduced dramatic monologue in the poetry as an innovative and unique form of expression. The great achievement of Robert Browning (1812-1889) was to break away from the post Keatsian handling of sensory images and bring back to a colloquial vigor to English poetry. (Daiches 1997, 1002) In dramatic monologue, there is generally one speaker, and one or more listeners. The reader can judge and assess the expressions and gestures of the listeners through the words delivered by the speaker. A dramatic monologue usually describes a critical moment of the speaker’s life, and offers an indirect revelation of his or her temperament and personality. (Peck
Week 2: Two Practice-specific Concepts, and List of Propositions/Assumptions.

You are required to submit a scholarly paper in which you will identify, describe, research, and apply the concepts that underlie your personal philosophy for professional nursing practice.This will help you identify your own values and beliefs about the established metaparadigms and metatheories of the discipline. It will also help you identify and articulate concepts relevant to your specific practice. This paper is intended to be an exercise in clarification and organization of your professional foundation. You are also required to provide a list of assumptions from personal nursing practice that illustrate the concepts and framework of your theory. Your paper should follow a format that includes:Nursing Autobiography: A brief (1 page) discussion of your background in nursing.The Four Metaparadigms: Identification, discussion, and documentation from the literature of your perspective on the basic four metaparadigms/concepts of patient, nurse, health, and environment.Two Practice-Specific Concepts: Identification, discussion, and documentation from the literature of your perspective on at least two other concepts specific to your own practice.List of Propositions: A numbered list of at least five propositions or assumption statements that clearly connect the concepts described.Each week, you will complete various segments of your Concept Synthesis Paper and submit it to the W1: Assignment 3 Dropbox for facilitator feedback when necessary. Your paper should integrate these discrete elements and reflect your personal nursing philosophy. Your Concept Synthesis Paper on your Personal Nursing Philosophy is due in Week 3. However, it is recommended that you begin working on your paper from Week 1 onwards and complete the various components related to the paper week wise as you progress through the course. The suggested tasks for each week are:Week 1: Nursing Biography and The Four Metaparadigms of NursingWeek 2: Two Practice-specific Concepts, and List of Propositions/AssumptionsWeek 3: Due: Concept Synthesis Paper on Personal Nursing PhilosophyConsider the following questions as you complete your various tasks related to this assignment.1. How do I define and employ the four basic metaparadigms of nursing theory in my professional practice?2.What are the major concepts I employ that are unique to my professional practice?3.What philosophies and theories from the literature of nursing and other disciplines/domains are consistent with these concepts?4.How are the concepts of transcultural nursing, the health promotion model, skill acquisition, role theory, and change theory specifically integrated into my philosophy and practice?5.What research supports these theories and concepts?6.How do I integrate role and change theory into my professional practice and how may these theories be applied to the organization in which I practice?The paper is to be thoroughly researched and well documented, with relevant material from the nursing theorists presented incorporated into the paper. Use the current edition of the APA Manual throughout the paper. Sources should focus on references from nursing theory but may also include conceptual and theoretical material from other professional domains. The paper, excluding references or appendices, is to be limited to 6-10 pages. Writing should be succinct and well organized, as it is impossible for the facilitator to evaluate form and content separately.Your philosophy/framework is to be given a title that is appropriate to its content and emphasis.Grading of the paper will be based on the following:Grading Criteria: Maximum PointsNursing Autobiography The nursing autobiography included personal experiences in the field of nursing.8Provided an account of the current professional role of the student.8Included factors that guided decision making.8Quality of EssayEnlisted the four metaparadigms.8The essay included a definition of the four metaparadigms of nursing with reference to professional practice.8The essay mentioned how the metapardigms were employed in nursing practice.8The essay enlisted two practice-specific concepts.8The essay included clinical examples for each of the chosen concepts.8The clinical examples illustrated the concepts in a manner, which further clarified the students’ use of the conceptual material.8The essay demonstrated consistency between concepts, assumptions, and clinical application. 8The essay identified and discussed students’ perspective on two other concepts specific to their practice.8The essay included a numbered list of at least 5 propositions or assumptions.8The concepts were connected and integrated to reveal a meaningful sequence.8The essay demonstrated clarification and organization of the students’ professional foundation.8The essay demonstrated evidence of critical thinking in analysis and response.8The essay demonstrated understanding and integration of lecture material, reading assignments, and sources consulted.8Essay was well written, well organized, and articulate.8Presentation CriteriaThe paper clearly demonstrated understanding of theoretical principles (i.e., concept development, definitions, assumptions, etc.)3The paper revealed clarity, organization, and articulation of ideas. 3The paper showed that ideas were well-documented.3The paper revealed the breadth of research effort.2The paper demonstrated appropriate use of APA format in references and citations.3Total150FormatYour project paper should be in Microsoft Word 2010. Follow the current APA style. Your paper should be double-spaced, Times New Roman, and in 12 pt. fontJUST NEED WEEK 2 COMPLETED in NO LESS THAN 3 FULL PAGES. USE FAMILY NURSE PRACTITIONER for this assignment
Week 2: Two Practice-specific Concepts, and List of Propositions/Assumptions

Austin Peay State University Nursing Trends & Human Development Discussion.

Assist with written transcript of a 90 second elevator speech. Please see attached Assignment guidelines.RubricWritten CommunicationAppropriate, relevant, and compelling content. Clear message. No errors in grammar or formatting. Credible, relevant resources.Rubric connected to evaluation of Student Learning Outcomes. Connected to Elevator Speech in NURS 4380.Benchmark: 95% of senior BSN students will achieve a minimum score of 4 on a 5-point scale on each element of the Effective Communication Rubric.Technological CommunicationFully integrates technological tools into assignment. Exceeds expectations of technological component of assignment. Free of technical errors.Overall PresentationMessage is logical, coherent, and fully developed. Purposeful and coherent. Engaging and creative. The overall purpose is clearly identified and conveyed
Austin Peay State University Nursing Trends & Human Development Discussion

Marketing Analysis of Hybrid Car

1 Background and introduction The objective of this study is to conduct a critical analysis of an individual product as part of the marketing course at the University of Sheffield. This analysis is focused on a full hybrid car, the IS300h, from car manufacturer Lexus. The marketing analysis is based on the country Belgium and is covered by four different elements. First, the consumer behaviour of a typical customer. Secondly, the marketing mix analysis. Thirdly, the STP analysis and finally a recommendation to improve the marketing mix strategy. Lexus, the luxurious subsidiary of the Japanese Toyota Motor Corporation, was founded in 1989 and debuted in Europe in 1990 (Lexus, 2018a). The company launched their first hybrid car in 2005 and has since sold more than 1 million hybrid cars worldwide (Lexus, 2014). The IS, on the other hand, was first launched in 1999 and originally sold by Toyota. In 2005 the second generation, of the model, became a part of the Lexus line. The IS300h is currently in its third generation in which the car got a facelift (Lexus, 2017). Consumer Behaviour analysis Today the automotive industry is undergoing many changes. Globally, there is a shift in the industry towards hybrid cars, electrified vehicles and a shared economy of vehicles in the future (Gao et al., 2016). We can say that the changing interest of consumers and stricter emissions regulations are drivers for these shifts. In Belgium, consumers are increasingly becoming mindful of their ecological footprint. A study by the Flemish Department of Environment shows that 44% are considering buying an environmentally-friendly car for their next purchase (Vlaanderen, 2017; Belga, 2018). Experts consider the hybrid car as the ideal transition technology as long as a fully electric car has a relatively higher purchase price (Vanacker, 2018). A specialized car blog, that based its findings on official government figures, indicated that this trend was clearly visible in sales figures. These figures doubled in 2017 compared to 2016 (E-gear, 2018). On the contrary, in the first quarter of 2018, the share of hybrids declined due to the stricter tax deductibility measure for so-called “fake hybrids”(Graph 1). The self-loading hybrids of Toyota/Lexus have not been affected by this measure. In fact, Lexus’ market-share even rose (Vanacker, 2018). Graph 1 Selling figure Hybrid cars since stricter regulations (Vanacker, 2018) The main characteristics influencing consumer behaviour when purchasing the IS300h are social class, family, age and life-cycle stage, belief and attitude and lifestyle (Kotler, 2016). This means that a typical consumer is likely to belong, according to the social classes, to the group of middle class or upper middle class (Kotler, 2016; Neil, 2017). This consumer is concerned about a sustainable environment and also influenced by his lifestyle and the age and life-cycle stage. In this case, it could be said that an average consumer lives a sportive lifestyle and is rather in a later stage of life, more specifically 30 , in which the family situation could influence the purchase. If the purchase of the IS300h would be classified in the matrix of different types of purchasing behaviour (Assael, 1998), it could be categorised as complex buying behaviour. A car is an expensive and infrequently purchase which makes consumer involvement very high. Besides that, the differences between car brands are significant which leads to a learning process for the consumer (Kotler, 2016). Summarizing, with these findings, combined with the favourable tax regime for companies, let us assume that the majority of consumers are self-employed and SMEs or wealthier consumers looking for a more environment-friendly premium car. Furthermore, consumer involvement and the differences between brands are significant that consumers display complex purchasing behaviour. Marketing mix analysis The marketing mix is commonly known as product, place, price and promotion (Kotler, 2016). In this analysis, these four elements will be covered to conduct an analysis of the marketing mix of the IS300h. 1.1 Product analysis The IS300h is available in Belgium in only one petrol engine configuration equipped with an electric motor and Lexus’ hybrid technology. There are six versions in which the standard features in each version differs and are fixed. Also, optional features are limited in each version. In terms of customisation, they offer nine colours and one type of rim in every package (Lexus, 2018b). According to Kotler (2016), a product is a combination of goods and service. This means that not only the product delivers value to the customer but also that the associated service is vital in order to make a product complete. Therefore, the IS300h comes with a highly comprehensive warranty as standard and is composed of four packages (Lexus, 2018b). Besides that, the brand has also been selected in Europe as the most reliable car brand of 2018 by an NPO for the protection of consumer rights (Nieuwsblad, 2018). This is, therefore, a reflection of the brand’s high quality. 1.2 Pricing analysis Since Lexus is the luxurious subsidiary brand of Toyota, prices go to a higher end. According to the Marketing Manager of Lexus Belgium, Lexus strives to be competent by ensuring their cars are priced 5-10% lower compared to their direct competitors (Peeters, 2018). This is, therefore, a clear example of competition-based pricing (Kotler, 2016). The IS300h has a starting price of €37,890 including VAT and this goes up to €52,900 for the most extensive version. These prices include the extensive fixed options. Besides new cars, Lexus also offers approved pre-owned cars. Lexus also offers financing facilities for both private and business users and for both new and pre-owned cars. The possibilities differ in each country. In Belgium, you can choose between a lease purchase, leasing or personal contract purchase. For companies, there is also the contract hire option available(Lexus, 2018b). Concerning discounts, Toyota decided in 2017 to increase the fleet discounts for companies. Lexus offers 10% discount on the “Business Edition” and 13% on all other versions (ToyotaBusinessPlus, 2017). 1.3 Promotion analysis The promotion situation for Lexus is rather complex. The brand uses little or no traditional advertising but relies on a mix of other promotion tools to reach the Belgian consumer. Lexus uses public relations by attending the annual car salon, sponsoring racing teams and cultural events (Kotler, 2016; Lexus, 2018c). For the B2B-market, Lexus relies on personal selling with tradeshows. Which, according to Brassington and Pettitt (2013), is most effective for the B2B-market. Also, direct and digital marketing is used such as emailing and brochures (Kotler, 2016; ToyotaBusinessPlus, 2018). Furthermore, the company is internationally active on various social media platforms to connect with the customer but is remarkably less active in Belgium. Internationally, the brand is much more active. Lexus uses product placement as a “mass media marketing strategy” in various films, like the recent Marvel film “Black Panther” (Kretchmer, 2004; Sylt, 2018). Additionally, celebrity endorsements and collaborations with athletes and artists are also used (Hobbs, 2016). 1.4 Place Analysis Lexus has 9 branches in Belgium, mainly around larger cities, operated on a concession basis. There are 5 branches in the Flemish province, 2 in the Walloon Region and 2 in the Brussels province. In most cases, these branches are also linked to a larger Toyota dealer. Furthermore, Toyota/Lexus has 2 business centres in Belgium focusing on fleet contracts (De Paepe, 2018). The company has also a website with a configurator. However, it is only possible to compose a car. In collaboration with Brussels airlines, Lexus also has a lounge at Brussels airport where travellers can relax and experience the brand (Lexus Europe newsroom, 2018). “Belgium is often called the gateway to Europe” (EY, 2013, p. 4). Therefore, Toyota also has a distribution centre for spare parts for both Toyota and Lexus in Diest (Belgium). From here all spare parts are delivered for Europe and is a pillar for Toyota’s European and global distribution network (Toyota Newsroom Europe, 2017). 1.5 conclusion The approach restricting the choice of options makes customization more constrained compared to competing models like the BMW 3 series, Mercedes C-class and Jaguar XE (BMW, 2018; Jaguar, 2018; Mercedes-Benz, 2018). However, research has shown that people are more likely to commit a purchase when choices are limited since too many choices can be demotivating (Iyengar and Lepper, 2000). Looking at the location, all concessionaires are located in the most densely populated cities with enormous economic activity (Fgov, 2017). Moreover, the business centres are in the middle of the “Blue Banana”, the largest concentration area of people and economy in Europe (Faludi, 2015). Therefore, the conclusion can be drawn that Lexus is strategically located in relation to its typical consumer. Product placement is actively used as a promotion tool. This is, according to research, the most cost-effective way to reach a broad audience since it “gets a much longer lifetime than a commercial of 30 seconds”(Nagar, 2016). It can be concluded from this that their international approach can also reach and influence Belgian consumers. In the B2B market, Lexus is more dependent on personal selling. This method gives an advantage in the market for expensive and complex products (Brassington and Pettitt, 2013). 2 Segmentation, Targeting and Positioning Analysis This section analyses the segmentation, targeting and positioning. This strategy, also known as the STP-strategy, helps to develop “a basic marketing strategy” (Tarantino, 2003, p. 54). 2.1 Segmentation Analysis Segmentation enables the brand to recognize and group “all clusters of potential consumers” based on similar characteristics (Khan, 2013, p. 57). The analysis shows that Lexus is using a mix of demographic, psychographic and behavioural variables to segment both the consumer and B2B-market (Kotler, 2016). However, slightly different variables are used to segment both markets (Brassington and Pettitt, 2013). For the consumer market, demographic segmentation is further divided into variables such as age, life cycle, occupation and income. The car is focused on singles and families aged 30 and over with a higher position in a company. For the companies in this segmentation, the market is divided, according to the marketing manager, by size. In this segment, Lexus focuses mainly on the self-employed and SMEs (Peeters, 2018). In terms of psychographic and behavioural segmentation, the variables social class, lifestyle and usage rate are used. In these segments, Lexus is focusing, with the IS300h, on the middle and upper middle class with a sportier lifestyle. In addition, the car is for daily use for both urban and rural areas. 2.2 Targeting Analysis Evaluating the different segments, the age at which the IS300h is targeted represents about 48% of the total population, but Figure 1 shows a slightly declining trend towards 2060. Besides, the 30-39 age group would be the largest group of the total population by 2060 (FOD Economie, 2017). According to Peeters (2018), 75% of Lexus’ customer base consists of SMEs and the self-employed. Figure 2 shows that there was a sustained increase since 2007 in SMEs. By the end of 2016, the country counted nearly 1.1 million SMEs, of which 56% were located in Flanders (Thijs et al., 2017). The number of new company cars registered shows a correlated growth. In 2017 there was an increase of more than 3%, resulting in almost 300,000 new registered company cars (VRT, 2018). In SMEs, one third to half of the employees receives a company car, where job level is one of the most important criteria for the allocation of a car (Jobat, 2011). Figure 1 Population Figures Belgium (FOD Economie,2017) Figure 2 Development of SMEs in Belgium(Thijs et al,2017) 2.3 Positioning Analysis Positioning “is the way a product is defined by customers on important attributes” and which perception consumers have relatively to competing products (Kotler, 2016, p. 238). The IS300h is positioned as the “sports sedan that seamlessly combines the well-known luxury of Lexus with hybrid performance”(Lexus, 2018d). Dalrymple and parson (2000) proposed to produce a perceptual map with the main competing models to create an overview of the market situation. Also, positioning maps can reveal why certain products and brands perform better than others (D’Aveni, 2007). Graph 2 visualizes consumer perceptions of the IS300h and competitive models based on key purchasing dimensions. Multiple dimensions can be used to make a positioning map. In order to create the map for the IS300h the following three dimensions were used: Price (€) Emissions (g/km) Tax deductibility (%) The position of each circle represents the brand’s position on price and emissions. The size of each circle represents the tax deductibility ratio. 2.4 Conclusion Graph 2 Positioning Map IS300h In conclusion, Lexus mainly targets the B2B segment. This is clearly reflected in the depth of the product analysis through offering a “Business Edition” and an “Executive Line”. Our analysis shows that this is a growing segment. Furthermore, a survey has shown that 90% of SMEs have fleets of 1 to 9 vehicles (Livis, 2017). These have a shorter service life and are usually replaced after four years (VRT, 2018). This is one of the main differences compared to the consumer market. In the consumer segment, Lexus focuses on an age at which, according to research, wages are rising the most and this can have a positive impact on purchasing capacity (Vanoost, 2016). Considering the positioning map, Lexus has clearly a favourable position towards their main competitors with a lower average of emissions leading to a higher Tax benefit. This position can be linked to the price strategy in the price analysis of the marketing mix. This allows us to say the company is positioned on the value proposition of the same for less or even more for less (Kotler, 2016). 3 Recommendation This recommendation will relate to the promotion aspect of the marketing mix. The brand could strengthen its position by being more actively present on social media platforms in Belgium. This could be beneficial for both the consumer and B2B-market. For the B2B-market, research has shown that 83% of executives use social media in their decision-making (Schimel, 2018). Moreover, 42% of the B2B-buyers share their experiences on social media (Post, 2016). According to a survey, LinkedIn has the highest impact for the B2B-market while YouTube has an enormous influence on generating lead and brand awareness (Grillo, 2017). Importantly, these B2B-clients become consumers after work (Bloovi, 2017). Who in this phase also can be influenced because personal experiences influence business expectations and ultimately the purchasing behaviour (Post, 2016). Therefore, social media marketing must also be on the point, in this case, for the consumer market. Graph 3 shows that Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube has the most impact on the consumer market (Grillo, 2017). Consumers who become a fan of brand pages tend to stay loyal and generate positive word-of-mouth (de Vries et al., 2012). Thus, it can be said that social media is vital building brand loyalty and long-lasting relationships (Erdoğmuş and Çiçek, 2012). Interestingly, a study by Nielsen found that one in four new car buyers in the U.S. used Twitter to assist them in making a purchase-decision (Shaw, 2018). Graph 3 Social Media Impact: 2017 (Grillo,2017) Reference List Assael, H. (1998), Consumer Behavior and Marketing Action, 6th ed., South-Western College Pub, Cincinnati, Ohio. Belga. (2018), “Steeds meer Vlaamse consumenten bekommerd om hun ecologische voetafdruk”, Het Nieuwsblad, available at: (accessed 19 November 2018). Bloovi. (2017), “De toekomst van B2B is vandaag: Het verloren potentieel van e-commerce tussen bedrijven”, Bloovi, 13 April, available at: (accessed 25 December 2018). BMW. (2018), “Configurator”, available at:,S01SX,S0230,S0255,S02PA,S02VB,S02VC,S0465,S04GN,S0544,S0548,S05AQ,S05DA,S05DC,S06AE,S06AF,S06AK,S06U2,S07CG,S0851,S0886,S08AP,S08KB,S08R9,S08S3,S08TF,S0ZKS,S0ZLD,S0ZOR (accessed 27 November 2018). Brassington, F. and Pettitt, S. (2013), Essentials of Marketing, 3rd ed., Pearson, Harlow, England ; New York. D’Aveni, R.A. (2007), “Mapping Your Competitive Position”, Harvard Business Review, 1 November, No. November 2007, available at: (accessed 21 December 2018). Dalrymple, D.J. and Parsons, L.J. (2000), Basic Marketing Management, Wiley. De Paepe, P. (2018), “Stef Holemans en Nico Van Hauwermeiren (Toyota-Lexus): ‘Wij verkopen al 20 jaar succesvol alternatieve aandrijvingen’ –”, available at: (accessed 8 December 2018). de Vries, L., Gensler, S. and Leeflang, P.S.H. (2012), “Popularity of Brand Posts on Brand Fan Pages: An Investigation of the Effects of Social Media Marketing”, Journal of Interactive Marketing, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 83–91. E-gear. (2018), “Hybride verkoop is verdubbeld in 2017, elektro-auto verkoop stagneert”, Elektrische Auto Info |, 10 January, available at: (accessed 19 November 2018). Erdoğmuş, İ.E. and Çiçek, M. (2012), “The Impact of Social Media Marketing on Brand Loyalty”, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 58, pp. 1353–1360. EY. (2013), Gateway to Europe. Faludi, A. (2015), “The ‘Blue Banana’ revisited”, European Journal of Spatial Development, Vol. 1. Fgov. (2017), Kerncijfers-Statistisch Overzicht van Belgie 2017. FOD Economie. (2017), Demografische vooruitzichten 2016-2060 bevolking en huishoudens. Gao, P., Kaas, H.-W., Mohr, D. and Wee, D. (2016), “Disruptive trends that will transform the auto industry | McKinsey”, available at: (accessed 19 November 2018). Grillo, F. (2017), “‘Social Media: Considerations for B2C vs. B2B’ – Frank Grillo”, Social Media: Considerations for B2C vs. B2B”, available at: (accessed 25 December 2018). Hobbs, T. (2016), “Lexus: ‘Brands must truly collaborate with celebrities or it’s just an empty endorsement’”, Marketing Week, 22 February, available at: (accessed 12 December 2018). Iyengar, S.S. and Lepper, M.R. (2000), “When choice is demotivating: Can one desire too much of a good thing?”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 79 No. 6, pp. 995–1006. Jaguar. (2018), “Dit is mijn Jaguar. Configureer die van u vandaag.”, Jaguar Configurator, available at: (accessed 27 November 2018). Jobat. (2011), “Wie krijgt een bedrijfswagen? –”, available at: (accessed 28 December 2018). Khan, T. (2013), “STP strategy for New Product Launch-a Work in Progress”, p. 10. Kotler, P. (2016), Principles of Marketing, Sixteenth edition.; Global edition., Pearson, Harlow, Essex, England. Kretchmer, S.B. (2004), “Advertainment: The Evolution of Product Placement as a Mass Media Marketing Strategy”, Journal of Promotion Management, Vol. 10 No. 1–2, pp. 37–54. Lexus Europe newsroom. (2018), “THE LOUNGE BY LEXUS AT BRUSSELS AIRPORT”, THE LOUNGE BY LEXUS AT BRUSSELS AIRPORT, available at: (accessed 8 December 2018). Lexus. (2014), “Lexus hybrid cars: an introduction”, Lexus, 3 July, available at: (accessed 18 November 2018). Lexus. (2017), “NIEUWE LEXUS IS 300h”, available at: (accessed 18 November 2018). Lexus. (2018a), “Company Background”, available at: Lexus. (2018b), “Lexus Belgium | Garantie en bijstand”, available at: (accessed 7 December 2018). Lexus. (2018c), “Lexus IS Modelreeks

Chemistry homework help

assignment writer Chemistry homework help. essay need to be editedWrite a response that reflects on this week’s reading assignment. You may also include reflections about the assessment logs (the exercises that are part of your reading assignment) and/or the course lecture. I am looking for a thoughtful, well-written entry that demonstrates your individual perspective. The reflection must be a minimum of one paragraph to one page in length. The written reflection is due by Sunday.Based on your experience with this course, and/or personal experience: What sound health topic, or topics, are you most interested in researching further? Please include both what and why._______________________________________________________________________________Smarthinking Tutor Response FormYour tutor has written overview comments about your essay in the form below. Your tutor has also embedded comments [in bold and in brackets] within your essay. Thank you for choosing Smarthinking to help you improve your writing!Hello, Alexander! My name is Valerie L. and I?m a writing tutor. I look forward to working with you on this Extended Essay Review to improve your writing today. Let’s get started!*Writing Strength: Your sentences are often strong and compelling: ?Racial and ethnic minorities are on the worst receiving end of the lacking health care for the chronically ill, hence the need to promote equality in the access of medical intervention.? This sentence, for instance, uses strong word choices and a professional tone to address a delicate topic. Well done!Main Idea/Thesis: Something missing from your introduction is a clear thesis that tells us what the purpose of your essay is and what you might be arguing. You do approach a thesis in the second paragraph by claiming that the deficiency exists in chronic care. However, it?s after the intro, which is a little late for such a thesis. It?s also incomplete, because you don?t explain how you?ll be proving that throughout the paper.A thesis statement both makes a provable claim and indicates how that claim will be proven. If you want to tighten the focus and inform your reader of your intentions, develop a thesis with both these traits that you can present in the introduction, usually as its last sentence.HERE is more on thesis statements.ÿ*Alexander 9502606 has requested that you respond to the Content Development:ÿ You seem to introduce some ideas and not follow through. That turns the paper into more of a summary. for instance, when discussing the article, you mention that scientists argue they should be the ones deciding on the approach to ethics. Then, you simply abandon that discussion without talking about what that would entail or what reason was given for the scientists being the ideal group to deal with that challenge.Any time you introduce an idea like that, spend a moment discussing its implications or significance. This will allow the reader to see what you think, and give them the opportunity to know whether they agree. As it stands, I have no idea how I feel about the proposal regarding the scientists, because you haven?t given me any perspectives to consider.*Alexander 9502606 has requested that you respond to the Grammar & Mechanics: When a subject is plural but has a singular verb, that?s known as subject-verb disagreement. This usually arises from identifying the wrong word as the subject. Here?s an example: Innovations in medical sciences and technology has brought in added benefits and privileges that lacked before in the health care sector?Innovations is the subject, but you wouldn?t say ?innovations has brought.? You?d want the plural verb form of ?has.? What word would that be?It?s a good idea to double-check by identifying the correct subject in the sentence, asking yourself, ?Who or what has performed the action?? Then you can more easily see whether it agrees with its verb.Summary of Next Steps: ?ÿÿÿ Write a thesis statement including your claim about chronic care and an overview of how you prove it ?ÿÿÿ ÿAddress each issue you introduce to more fully round out your content?ÿÿÿ ÿCheck for subject-verb agreement throughoutThank you for submitting your essay for a review. I enjoyed helping you with this step in the revision process. Have a good day! ~ Valerie ?You can find more information about writing, grammar, and usage in the Smarthinking Writer’s Handbook._________________________________________________________________________________Please look for comments [in bold and in brackets] in your essay below.Thank you for submitting your work to Smarthinking! We hope to see you again soon.Poor Accommodation of Chronic Care to patientsAdvances in health care delivery to patients all over the United States has generally improved though initiatives from the state and federal governments. [Your subject, ?advances,? does not agree with your singular verb, ?has ?improved.? How can you fix this? What is the plural version of ?has??] Innovations in medical sciences and technology has brought in added benefits and privileges that lacked before in the health care sector. One of the major effects and positive influences of these changes is that American are living longer, owing it to the improved health care and access to medical services wherever they are required. Campaigns have been on the rise to sensitize people on the importance of health living, which has seemed the adoption of healthier food options and lifestyle. as the population ages and older people living longer lives, the rate and cases of people with chronic conditions continually increase; music helps with all of this because it allows people to relax and heal. A deficiency has been noted to be present in the health care delivery of people with chronic conditions who require specialized and personalized medical care to ensure that they have a life devoid of pain and suffering and in turn age gracefully with better health. [You wait until the second paragraph to come to the point here. This seems to be the main focus of your analysis ? essentially, your thesis ? so you may wish to make this claim earlier, in the introduction instead of this second part.] The health care systems is more oriented towards providing acute health care while inadequately meeting the health care needs of the chronically ill. One argument the scientist were making in the article was that scientists should be the one to make these difficult decisions on how to go about dealing with dealing with the ethical problems. [What article, Alexander? Remember, you?ll want to provide the title and author of any article you?re analyzing or discussing. Don?t assume that your reader knows or remembers this info.] The gap that seems to exist in chronic health care needs of America?s aging population further reveals the need for better trained and qualified professionals who will train the patients on prevention and health promotion. The health care system needs to be more responsive to the chronic conditions such as, diabetes, hypertension, heart failures and many others that continually to depress the old. Racial and ethnic minorities are on the worst receiving end of the lacking health care for the chronically ill, hence the need to promote equality in the access of medical intervention. [Great point; can you develop this further with data, statistics, or examples?]Chemistry homework help

The purpose of the management team

The purpose of the management team. The management are the people who guide the team in a right path wherein all together working for the same goal of success. They have to work together with Sincerity, Unity, Courage, Communication, Enthusiasm, Strengths, and Secrets of the company to form the ultimate chain of SUCCESS. The manager who runs the team should have proper interaction with each and every team member with proper updates and feedbacks. Also have to take active participation whatever happens within the team and team members. Since the manager knows about each and every member of his team, has to check with the daily metrics where that particular team member is lacking behind and has to make sure that the person has been well trained, again have to check for the daily metrics to give the feedback. Also have to sympathise and empathise with the person having any personal issues as well. Every individual team player also has to develop knowledge, confidence, time management and sincerity to be a part in the growth of the company. According to the Mintzberg’s managerial roles manager should have quality of leader by motivation and activation of subordinates for staffing and for associated duties. Manager have to monitor various activity and to receive wide range of special information to develop the organization. (Buchanan and Huczynski, 2004, p495). Management also have to face the risk factor in all aspects, regarding their own team member’s issues and also from the competitor perspective. The management has to take a right decision when taking any risk which should not affect the growth of the company and also have to see the financial criteria as well. If any risk factor is taken it has to be handled in a way that the company overcomes that crisis as earlier as possible with success in taking that risk. The whole team has to work together with proper interaction and dedication to make the risk as a success. Each team player has to be committed with their own work, so all team members work together of common commitment. By virtue of his interpersonal contacts, both with his subordinates and with his network of contacts, the manager emerges as the nerve centre of his organizational unit. He may not know everything, but he typically knows more than any member of his staff Mintzberg (1975). There are a wide range of theories which can be implemented to improve the growth of a particular concern. And these are the two theories which I experienced in the concern which I worked for. 1. Maslow`s theory. 2. Goal Theory. 3. McClelland’s Theory of motivation. Maslow`s Hierarchy of needs theory: One of the most widely mentioned theories of motivation is the hierarchy of needs theory put forth by psychologist Abraham Maslow in 1940-50’s USA, and the Hierarchy of Needs theory remains valid today for understanding human motivation, management training, and personal development. Indeed, Maslow’s ideas surrounding the Hierarchy of Needs concerning the responsibility of employers to provide a workplace environment that encourages and enables employees to fulfil their own unique potential (self-actualization) are today more relevant than ever. Self-actualization- personal growth and fulfilment personal growth and fulfilment Esteem needs- achievement, status, responsibility, reputation achievement, status, responsibility, reputation Biological and Physiological needs- basic life needs (air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc). basic life needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc. Safety needs- protection, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc. protection, security, order, law, limits, stability, etc. Belongingness and Love needs- family, affection, relationships, work group, etc. family, affection, relationships, work group, etc. Maslow’s (second edition 1970) I worked for an MNC in India named CSS (Cybernet Slash Suppport) is a call centre in which we give technical support for the customers calling from US and UK regarding the installation of networking devices like modems, router, cameras, adapters etc. In my company the basic need was a graduate with little bit of computer background who knows to speak English with neutral accent. Since I had their requirement I got selected and was put under a team. For the first time I worked with a team with people having little bit of experience and knowledge whereas I was a fresher. So as per Maslow`s diagram I had the basic requirements need by the company. Working with the team gave me lot of experience and knowledge about time management, and relationship with leaders. At first it was very difficult to get along with the team since my other team members had bit experience in handling calls. The other members in the team will finish the work effortlessly within the given time limit, but I struggled a lot by putting my complete effort to finish the task within the given time limit, but finally I completed my task after the given time limit. So I was clearly monitored by my team leader since I was the bottom performer in my team. Then I was given special training by my leader which was my last chance to perform in this company, else I have to leave the company. And my leader gave me training technically and personally as well, which motivated me to do my best with liking towards the job. Finally I did my best and finished the task within the time limit. Since my team leader motivated me, created a good relationship with the leader as per Maslow`s theory. Goal Theory: Goal theory is about how leader motivate subordinate to accomplish designated goal (Peter g, 2010, p125). The leader, the challenge is to use a leadership style that best meets subordinates motivational needs. (Peter g, 2010, p125). In the concern which I worked the leader motivated me well which helped me a lot not only in technical work but also personally to do all works. Since I was the bottom performer in my team my leader always use to motivate me positively to do my work, but my manager use to discourage me that I am not fit for the job. Since my leader always use to motivate which automatically created a character of motivation in me. From then I use to motivate myself personally and officially whatever I do. The manager’s job is to get the work done from the technicians, so he sets a time limit for each team member in our team in order to get the output. So eventually everyone use to work in order to finish the task within the given time limit. So I motivate myself to complete the work before the time limit given by the manager. I use to set my own time to finish the task which helped me to finish my work earlier, than the time given by the manager. This motivation helped me to get lot of knowledge and experience which also gained me increase in my payroll. According to the House and Mitchell (1974), leadership generators motivation when it increase the number and kind of payroll that subordinate receive from their work. (Peter g, 2010, p125) Goal setting and performance People lacking positive motivation at work may also help gain improved result and a better sense of achievement by setting themselves specific goal and identifying task directly to their work and measurable target of the time and performance. (Laurie and Mullins, 2006, p274) When I was working in the company I was lacking positive motivation which led me to be the bottom performer in the team. Since my team leader motivated me, it helped me a lot in how to do the work faster. So from then I used to build up positive motivation and I use to motivate myself to do the work better than others by setting own time limit for myself which is earlier than the actual time given. So all my team members will finish the work within the time limit given by the manager, whereas I would have finished my work before my team members finishes. And finally I was the top performer in my team and got appreciation from the manager who discouraged me before, which again motivated me to be the top performer consistently. McClelland’s Theory of motivation: David c, McClelland’s has contributed to the understanding of motivation by identifying three types of basic motivation needs. He classifies them as the need of power, need of affiliation, and need for motivation. (Koontz and Weihrich, p297) All three drives- power, affiliation, and achievement are of particular relevance to management, since all must be recognised to make an organization enterprise work well. (Koontz and Weihrich, p297) Need For Achievement: Every person in their lifetime they would have achieved something or the other. In the company which I worked, was the place where I learnt about motivation which still helps me to do any kind of work with full dedication towards the work. Since I was the bottom performer in my team in the earlier stage, this motivation given by my leader, leads me finally to be the top performer in the team. So I was promoted to the next level in the team within a short period of time (4 months). Since I had a good relationship with my co-workers and manager, they use to give me high responsibilities and I was able to tackle any kind of situation easily since I worked sincerely with complete liking and dedication towards work, which led me to become a team leader of a team which I consider was a great achievement in my life. So, every single person who motivates themselves and works with complete dedication and liking towards work with reach the ultimate goal of success within a short period of time. People with high need for Achievement have an intense desire for the success and equally intense fear of failure. They want to be challenge and they set moderately difficult (but not impossible) goal for themselves. They take a very realistic approach to the risk; they are not likely to be gambler but rather, prefer to analyse and assess problems, assume personal responsibility for getting a job done and likely specific and prompt. (Koontz and Weihrich, p297) Need for Affiliation: The company which I worked for had the norms or rules for the company which every employer has to be followed. It was a must for every individual to follow the rules of the company which was also considered for the growth of the employer in the company. One of the managers in the company came to the shift drunk and was noticed by the management and was immediately dismissed from the company. In spite of being the manager of a team he was dismissed since he dint not follow the norms of the company. I would use to always follow the norms of the company. I will come in for my shift before my check in time and will work even extending my shift, also had a good rapport with the team members. Since I was promoted as a team leader and was already a team player before was able to know about each individual clearly which helped me to know which work to be given to whom and whom has to be well trained in where they are lacking behind. So I always had a proper relationship, interaction and active participation with my team members in updating all the information’s and techniques to give the output soon. People with high need for affiliation usually derive pleasure from being loved and tend to avoid the pain of being rejected by a social group. As individual, they are likely to be concerned with maintaining pleasant social relationship to enjoy a sense of intimacy and understanding, to be ready to console and help other in trouble and enjoy friendly interaction with other. (Koontz and Weihrich, p297) Need for Power: A leader or a manager has the quality of power by taking or handling any kind of situation which does not affect the growth of the company. Since I was the team leader in the company which I worked, my main job was to get the work done by my team members by giving them proper training and consistently updating the technical information. My job was also to monitor my team in each interval and have to update myself about my team members of their performance. So after analysing the performance of team I have to give feedback to the team members with hurting anybody’s feeling or by discouraging them and have to appreciate who have performed well and have to give proper training to those of them who are lacking behind. So in this kind of situation a leader or manager has to use their power to handle the situation for the growth of the company and also the growth of each individual by motivating them positively. According to the people with high need for power have a great concern with exercising influence and control such individual are generally seeking position of leadership; they are frequently good conversationalist, though argumentative; they are forcefully outspoken, hard headed, and demanding; and they enjoying Teaching and public speaking. (Koontz and Weihrich, p297) Organisation as Culture: Organisational cultures are of many types; power culture, where individual controls everything and group work cannot exits. Hence no feedback from staffs is entertained. There is role culture, where everyone is assigned a role to complete. Most organisations follow this. Staffs know what to do and everyone knows their boundaries (Mullins 2007: p.722-723). Power Culture: The power culture is, every individual have their own power to take their own decision since they are not working in a group. For Example: I participated in a group work in my tutor VINCE DISPENZA class which was an activity cave rescue. So the total class were divided into 5 groups having 6 members in each group. So the task given to us was to rescue the people who were trapped in the cave and the people who were trapped in the cave were given importance in different order which is equally important that we have to rescue all. So we worked as a group, but there were no proper co-ordination in my group. No one was ready to interact with each other, so I took the leadership and gave my own ideas and tried to interact with my group members. But they were not showing interest and also not ready to give their own points. So finally I had to give my own points when discussed with my tutor. So this power culture exists only in a very small group like this and cannot exist in an organization. Role Culture: The role culture is, every individual will be assigned a task where they have to work in groups. Here an individual cannot work separately or cannot take an own decision without discussing with the team members or leaders like the power culture. For Example: In the organization which I worked, I had to work only in groups. Since I was the team leader my job was to mainly get the works done from the team members of my team by giving them proper training in order to get the output. So here it is not possible to work separately like the power culture. So this role culture is followed by all organization to make the work easier and simpler. Organisation as a processor of information: Information is a critical part of any business we take. Proper information will lead to the success of a firm. For e.g. information about customer needs, information on what products will satisfy those needs, and how those products can be prepared and delivered, and so on. The idea of information processor highlights that an organisation is successful if it uses its information efficiently and learns to go on using it (Wickham,P,2006:P.276). Organisation as Social system: Social system consists of hierarchical ordering; number of subsystems, interdependence, and one component depends on other and permeability. (Farace et al., 1977) said system is input-throughput-output. That is a system “inputs” material and works on this input which is “throughput” and gives the “output”. (Miller 1995: p.87-89) A simple organization can be a very good example of a system, explained by two authors above. Organisation has subsystems like staff, team leader, manager, CEO Etc. They all are interdependent and takes input in the form of information or projects and works among them and gives out the output as product. Hence, they can form social system. Effective ‘reading’ of the situation being addressed encounters using the manger’s creative ability that gives way to do things differently or new leverage in solving complex issues. ‘Reading’ itself does not denote a mechanical process or the application of the metaphors discussed above. It is about building a relationship with a vastly complex phenomenon to understand it by analysing it in different angles. (Morgan, 2006: p.361). These different perspectives of organisation are not mutually exclusive; indeed to the some extent they are complementary. There is no proper perspective which an organisation follow but these are one of the perspectives which organisation do follow. Change Management: Apart from these perspectives discussed above this is also necessary that a manager should take care. Managers often think that ‘change’ can be a problem but sometimes managers forget that ‘change’ can also be the solution for their problems. All managers must realize that one cannot separate change management from organizational strategy. According to Burnes(2004),change is now a present future of organizational life(Paton,RThe purpose of the management team

The Drug Problem in America Today

This essay will be as a conveyor of America’s current drug problem and the paraphrasing of studies undertook by credible sources which revolve around the issue and to showcase the extent and true depth in how prevalent drugs are in the modern times for America ranging from the importation of substances, the synthetic opioid epidemic, and the rising numbers in overdose rates in the last five years. The Main Factors at Play The rates in which American’s are dying of overdoses are steadily increasing to the point of being categorized as a national crisis, with the amount of 42,000 Americans dying from overdoes in 2016 alone. (Claire Felter “The U.S. opioid epidemic” 2) With an ever changing society overdoses deaths are increasing with a rate that is triple of what is was in 2002 from 1.0% a person per 1000 to a 2.0% per 1000 (Christopher M Jones. ”Drug and Alcohol Dependence” 1) the current research articles state that the main culprits in the rise in drug related deaths come from a combination of our current healthcare system in using opioids and synthetic opioids to treat pain coupled with a constant supply of heroin which has risen substantially since 1990 and with the recently added synthetic opioid fentanyl (2) the American drug problem is over time steadily increasing as the rates of overdose deaths increase as doctors over prescribe opioids while drug traffickers mix fentanyl into heroin to lower price and increase potency. (Leslie Cooley Dismukes “How did we get here? Fentanyl and Heroin trafficking trends” 4) History of Opioids. Opioids have been prevalent in societies ever since the cultivation of the poppy plant in 3400 BC by the Sumerians in Mesopotamia. In the late 1700’s the British were using opium to get China addicted to open up the Chinese markets to trade for even the British knew of it’s addictive qualities. Once we as people were able to extract morphine from the poppy plant in 1803 it became widely used for medical purposes as an analgesic opioid. (5 “Opioids and the Treatment of Chronic Pain.) The acceptance of using opioids for treating chronic pain was perceived as the best method by medical professionals but was also understood the nature in the longer an opioid is taken for pain the stronger the addiction to the opioid becomes. For most of the 19th century opioids were regarded with precaution and having strict national and international regulations place onto opioids in medicine and its overall distribution. (5) It was not until the 1990’s when things started to switch to an increasing usage of opioids for pain management and it was due to an increasing demand from the non-medical usage side of pain killers the numbers of first time opioid drug abusers rising from 628,000 in 1990 to 2.4 million in 2004 that gave a spike in the overall overdose death statistics. (5) An increase of 120 percent in the span of 14 years, peeking the interest of law enforcement and health agencies to labeling such as an drug epidemic. Regions affected. The major impact of damage done to America from illicit drugs is in the north east of America and the South East from the direct relation to its area to Mexico and Columbia. While North Carolina being at the center of it, with a statistics of 4 of the 25 American cities where opioid abuse epidemic is the worst from the use of fentanyl and prescription painkillers such as oxytocin and hydrocodone. (4) The external suppliers from Mexico and Columbia traffickers can easily transport to this area with hidden compartment vehicles and the other various transport routes into North Carolina and the South East. It plays into the other regions as well and the deaths from drugs are from misuse and overuse coupled only with an increasing supply from traffickers and internal factors pertaining to the over prescribing from physicians. In the United States 80% of the yearly total of people who overdose are non-Hispanic white Americans with 20% being Non-Hispanic black and Hispanic. (2) The impact to the public health from illicit drugs is the loss of labor work force contribution, foster care intake numbers spike, and increase in HIV, hepatitis C, and various diseases from shared instruments for transmitting the drug into the system.(2) Combating the Opioid Crisis. Illicit drug abuse has caught the eyes and attention of the national level taking in funding and new tactics to combat overseas trafficking such as the Merida Initiative which the United States gave Mexico 3 billion dollars to fund counter narcotics and work with China in the labeling of over 100 synthetic illicit drugs as controlled substances and ceasing production of four fentanyl variations to curb the supply into the United States.(2) While also taking efforts to focus on internal affairs such as controlling the overuse of scripts given out and outreach programs to help addicted users to lower the impact of the modern illicit drug crisis in America. The government has been enacting more funding for state grants for purpose of planned rehabilitation and the usage of programs to reduce transmission of diseases by educating on the harms of needles and sharing of instruments. (2) Funding more public programs to educate the general public such as the wellness campaigns for tobacco did to show the dangers of smoking they want to promote programs that teach about synthetic opioids while also providing a grounded foundation to lay a framework down for prevention. To educate the public more on synthetic and natural opioids and the addiction associated with them. States have taken to asking for funding from the national level to help curb their drug issues with money for local law enforcements. Law enforcements want to create partnerships with communities and nonprofit groups to help take down the issues and provide a support system for the community. (4) Economic cost of the crisis. The true cost of the illicit drug crisis is estimated to be around $50,779 per user(1) and with a total cost of 33.1 billion for the entirety of the heroin disorder in America, that does not include painkillers and synthetic opioids. (1) From the incarceration, housing, and, feeding coupled with treatment plans and rehab bring a huge cost to society. With a projected path if the numbers keep increasing at the rate they do now for heroin users and studied growth seen over the past three years the projected numbers of total cost are to be of 51.2 billion dollars (1) and with the overdose rates rising as well the study accounts for the cost of lost labor for the user if they have died between the ages of 18-25.(1) Most of the numbers to determine cost derive from lost labor and the amount lost during incarceration with attempts to lower drug abuser numbers and to combat the trafficking and supplying of opioids and synthetic opioids in the efforts to lower the overall cost to society for the negative impact that the modern drug problem brings on America. The substantial magnitude of the heroin disorder and the undocumented cost of synthetic opioids cause a great debt to society and bring more awareness to the real dangers addiction poses to America and the public health and the health of our economy. Scale of the Epidemic The scale of the epidemic is of a national scale increasing fivefold since the 1990’s. while the studies attest to the epidemic of being more deadly than 9/11 and the Iraq Wars combined of U.S. Military troops. (2) While pain was seen as being undertreated medically doctors prescribed more and there was the company manufacturing the opioids pressuring doctors to prescribe with health care providers describing moments of aggressive marketing and told to avoid alternatives to pain management such as acupuncture and physical therapy. (2) Patients would also put on pressure and request opioids over any other form of treatment. Over time the outside supply of drugs from external drug cartels and trafficking and mixing with the internal production and supplying of synthetic opioids the growth rate of first time users becoming addicted jumped in a short time and goes on at the current moment with studies showcases the sharp rise from 2015 with overdose deaths ranging to 33,091 in 2015 and a year later it was 42,249 in 2016 with a steady and quick increase from 20102 to 2016.(2 U.S. opioid overdose deaths “CFR Editoral”) It has become a national prevalent epidemic with every angle used to try to combat and reduce the problem before it becomes too large to handle. For the development of the modern illicit drug issue did not begin until we have a surplus of opioids for the public to access and use beginning with the legal distribution of pain killers for pain management. (2) Twenty five American cities are hugely affected by the oversupply of easily attainable opioids and creating a multiple of negative factors such as lost labor force, socioeconomic cost, and property crime.(4) If efforts cannot curb the issue at hand it will based on research studies only slowly increase each following year increasing overall American cost and American overdose deaths. Conclusion The current American drug problem is a prevalent widespread one being fed by multiple factors whether they be external or internal. Coming from the three main illicit drugs of heroin, synthetic opioids and natural opioids a range of trafficking from Colombia and Mexico with an over prescribing of over the counter pain killers has led to an increase in socioeconomic cost and the sharp rise in the last five years of overdose deaths and related diseases such as HIV and hepatitis C that come with the association of sharing of syringes and of other instruments to transmit drugs into the system. Today the drug epidemic is seen as a national health crisis and is being combated with state funding, community outreach programs, and tighter regulations on medical scripts. With all the awareness and growing concern over the rising rates studies projected a hopeful outcome if it gets under control of seeing the next few years a decline in first time addicted users and overall drug overdose related deaths pertaining to opioids. References: (1) Ruixuan Jiang, Inyoung Lee, Todd A. Lee, A. Simon Pickard “The societal cost of heroin use disorder in the United States.” (2) Christopher M. Owens “Heroin use and heroin use risk behaviors among nonmedical users of prescription opioid Pain relievers – United States, 2002–2004 and 2008–2010” (3) James M. Lindsay “The U.S. Opioid Epidemic” (4) Leslie Cooley Dismukes “How Did We Get Here? Heroin and Fentanyl Trafficking Trends” (5) R. A. Rudd N., Aleshire R., Matthew Gladden, J.E. Zibbell “Increases in Drug and Opioid Overdose Deaths—United States, 2000–2014”