‘Belief in Action: The Salvation Army, a Global Not-for-Profit Organization’ Synthesis Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Budgets, human resources and finances Governance and strategic vision Strategic positioning Human resources Sustainable growth Conclusion Reference list Introduction Strategic planning/analysis in management is a continuous process and is used to provide a framework for future organizational growth. The efficiency of an organization is determined by how effective its strategies have been formulated and implemented and how strategic the organization is in realizing its objective of providing and preserving excellent service (Bryson 2002, 173). Strategy planning entails laying down cautiously how the organizational goals will be achieved and it includes spelling out objectives, or definite results, for every premeditated goal. Consequently, attaining a premeditated goal characteristically involves achieving a set of objectives along the. Organizations usually include budgets and human resource in their plans so as to be more specific when laying out their objectives. Inclusion of budgets in the laying out a plan is crucial as it helps in showing how the scarce resources are going to be distributed, for example assets, human resources, expenses and operational costs. Strategic planning goes through a process from setting the mission, objectives, situation analysis, strategy creation, execution and finally control so as to achieve positive results and an effective plan of action (Bryson 2004, 248). “Strategic planning is inextricably interwoven into the entire fabric of management and not separate and distinct from the process of management” (Steiner 1997, p.3). Management in all companies has issues characterizing it because running a business however small or big it is, involves making sound and intelligent decisions for the business to keep its doors open. According to Appelbaum, St-Pierre
Technology In Teaching English As A Second Language Education Essay
custom essay In today’s world the advancement in both cognitive psychology and computing has affected the educational arena. Paradigms such as learning through constructivist methods students-centered learning all have been supported by advanced technologies such as virtual reality and simulations. With the unveiling of this technology computer based instruction has been introduced widely in language classrooms throughout the world. This advancement in technology has revolutionized the way people convene information and communicate worldwide. Until very recently computer based learning was not part of the curriculum, as most of the teachers lack the training in teaching through technology. As technology has become part of our daily life it has become imperative to incorporate technology in our teaching plans, which will help us impart the required learning more effectively and as the new generation is more computer literate it would be more easy for them to follow and understand. Teachers who lack training in using computers technology in their classrooms think that if they make mistakes, their students will not respect them as traditional teacher role does not allow the teacher to reveal any weakness or inexperience. This is the main reason why a very small percentage of teachers use computers in their lessons. To integrate technology in their lessons proper training is required which can be helpful to both the teachers and the students. The internet offers a lot of material through which the learning get enhanced and more effective learning can take place. Process Analysis To incorporate technology in teaching the students need to be more competent and the teachers need to have proper instructions and guidance so as to make their learners more involved in the subject and make teaching more effective. It leaves a very good impact on the student to see that their teachers are up to date. When I told my students that the next class will be in the ICT lab, they were curious to know what they would learn and how. Most of them associate computer with games, sports and social networking sites (Facebook, Twitter etc). I made it clear to them that when learning a foreign language they should focus on the task assigned to them to help them learn and achieve new goals. At the beginning, the arrangement of the classroom was made in such a way that I positioned myself behind the students so that I could see all the computer screens. Whenever I felt necessary I kept walking around so that I could monitor all the students. Activity 1 The activity I did with my students was “online language improvement: text recreation.” It was for grade 10 and the length of one period was 40 minutes. The aim of the lesson was to practice reading and memorizing texts, also sharing responsibility with the fellow students. This activity would help them to practice reinforce typing skills in a foreign language, practice the spellings. It would also guide them to use the spell checker with a chosen language. It would enhance their ability to use the word count option. Another aim of this activity was to be able compare a written text with the original document. I explain the task with its “text construction activity”. The activity was to help the students get familiar with how a spell checker could be used efficiently. Students were asked to open two windows. One with the site of the video and other was the word processor. Students wrote down as much as they could by rewinding the video material as many times as it was necessary. They compare what they have written with the script given under the video. Students then replace the misspell word into red and also use red letters that are underlined where they were not sure of what the text was. Students then gather their usual mistakes. They have to finish the whole text in the next class and compare it with each other. This whole activity of text reconstruction is to improve listening comprehension and it also help the students become more responsible for their own development through self correction. The entire activity guided the students about the advantage of playing their cards well. It also helped them enhance their vocabulary and promote efficient self correction. Teamwork and sharing responsibility was also developed amongst the students. Objectives and Skills To practice reading learning texts. Sharing responsibility with their fellow students Reinforce typing skills in a foreign language To learn and practice spelling To be able to compare the written with the original text Help them enhance working as a team at times work independently and efficiently Develop the skills of watching listening and writing what they hear Content It is a “text reconstruction” activity (http://video.about.com/greenliving/Homemade-Compost-Bin.htm) with a short video about “Homemade Compost”. Once they have watched and listened to the video carefully they have to write down whatever they have heard. Below the video there is a script. At first they had to identify where the mistakes were, by giving it another colour. Material Required Students open a word processor and the site with the video. They open the widows side by side. A clear instruction for using the spell checkers is also put upon the white board so that no confusion prevails during the lesson and they follow the instructions smoothly and efficiently. Procedure Students had to open two windows side by side. One a word processor and the other a site with the video. The size of the letters in the word processor was big enough for me to easily monitor and also for them to work efficiently. They listened to the video carefully and wrote down whatever they heard. They had to change the colour of the misspell words into red. Where they had confusion they underlined it and used the red colour again. They could not replace the word so to give them an understanding that whatever their mistakes was they look for an appropriate answer and learn and memorize it. It would help them not to repeat that mistake in future. They took notes and also asked where they got stuck up and had problems. They asked the meaning of certain words. Students worked on their own and wrote down as much as they could by constantly rewinding the video until they thought that they had the right solution and spelling too. Activity 2 To reinforce all this activity I planned to encourage the students to enhance their vocabulary so I experimented with another activity that was to be done online in the next class. It helped them same time when looking up word and gave them a chance to speed up any kind of vocabulary checking. Objectives and Skills To make them understand how to use an online dictionary To get familiar with new words and understand their explanation and applications To build up vocabulary To know and identify correct application of the words To practice and use words in a particular context Helped them work independently in class as well as at home The site has different options e.g. pronunciations, definitions, thesaurus, real examples, key vocabulary, usage notes etc. All these helped them look for a word with different aspects and know its application and broaden up their perceptions about that particular word. It was a fun learning session. Material Required The site that they had to log in was http://www.macmillandictionary.com Procedure The students used the site very enthusiastically. By adding words that they were not aware of or the meanings that were not known to them with their correct pronunciation and the application of the words were all there for them to understand and learn. There were five groups and all the new words with their explanations details and correct applications were shared amongst the whole class making it more interactive and fun learning activity. I made it a reward-based activity. The team who would win in explaining their words better would be treated later. About the Activity Using the internet saves a lot of time for looking up a word and giving them time to speed up any kind of vocabulary checking. This helped the students in the application of certain words. It also guided them to have a proper understanding of the word and its usage. It helped the students to build up interest in knowing new and different words. Students wrote down the words in their copies with all the relevant details its pronunciation, examples, application, explanations etc. Then all the groups were to come up with their own words and their explanations. The maximum words a group had and how well it was presented was rewarded. The students worked with a lot of enthusiasm and with an incentive that they had to learn a lot in little time. The Macmillan dictionary site helped the students learn with fun and enthusiasm. Impact of ICT as Compared to Traditional Teaching Such learning through technology resulted more effective and efficient. The students were more involved in the lessons and curious to know different things. They wanted to compete with the rest of the fellow students. With this sense of competition they happened to learn more and with more interest. Whereas the traditional classroom learning was not interactive and not fun. It was quite monotonous and boring for the students to grasp. The technology based learning was more effective leading them towards more efficiently learning and developing better understanding of the subject. It also encouraged them to implement technology in their learning and enhancing their own vocabulary and understanding of the subject. It was more fun and enjoyable for the learner and easy for me involve them. But it turned out to be more effective. Literature Review Abstract Web based instruction has proved to be an essential part of learning and enhancing the quality of English as a second language. Web based lessons are considerably more effective than the traditional teaching which is dependent on the textbook alone. Much research has proved the effectiveness of better strategies for integrating technology in class. Through the use of technology the access to information can be turned into knowledge. If it is appropriately used it will be more interactive and through guidance it can easily become a tool for the development of higher order thinking and learning skills. Technology should be integrated intelligently into a rich, meaning centered curriculum in order to have effective education system. The online learning activities can be used to accommodate a student in his unique learning capacities. Integrating Technology in English Language Classroom There are number of ways through which language teachers can make their teaching more effective and interactive. They can integrate technology into classroom instruction. The use of internet, digital media tools, and common software applications can very well enhance student learning. It helps the students to broaden their choices to demonstrate learning through different means Christy, J. (2005). Individualized is again very important. One way to direct students to interactive websites provides ready-made material for both the students and the teacher to follow students should be encouraged to use different software for their presentations. It will actually help them understand the technology and the subject well. They can enhance their learning through this media in the long run. The same concept has been reinforced by Warsi, J (2007), that incorporating technology helps the learner in the advancement of learning skills. Through technology like audio-visual aid, language can be taught with objects and material artifacts, by bringing the world into the classroom. It involves the learners by challenging his curiosity and by providing different kinds of teaching and learning methodologies. It provides a rich variety and better quality of instruction, increasing the learner’s experience of language. It is also efficient in saving time and energy. The learning that takes place is more effective and long lasting. The learner is more enthusiastic and learns through different activities that are more fun and effective. Further substantiated by Muthu Kumar, S. L. (2004) technology based learning is far more effective than the usually carried out traditional teaching. He has validated his view points by stressing on the technology based instructional programs ensuring that the students use internet more effectively and efficiently and apply their knowledge in their respective subjects more constructively. In today’s world the impact of technology in the classroom and the acceptance of the technology by the teachers has become a challenge Les Foltos (2002). It plays a positive role in enhancing academic achievement. Educational leaders are now shaping their programs to prepare their teachers for using these powerful new tools more effectively, for the understanding of the context for success. Therefore, it is established that web-based learning is more effective and constructive. The learning that takes place is more efficient and long lasting. It enhances the skills of learning and teaching giving both a chance to accept challenge and learn more and enhance their knowledge through constructivism.
Leadership Styles in Employee Empowerment in the UAE Proposal
Table of Contents Justification for the Research Preliminary Literature Review Theoretical Framework Contribution of the Research Research Methodology Research Plan and Timetable References An opportunity to influence the productivity of employees through various incentive mechanisms characterizes managers as highly efficient leaders who adhere to appropriate strategies to control and optimize subordinates’ work. However, the choice of a specific approach to the style of coordination is not an easy task since different factors influence – a particular field, ultimate goals, the preparedness of the staff, and other criteria. Accordingly, to achieve high labor productivity and increase workers’ initiative in solving tasks, it is crucial to identify how and which leadership styles contribute to successful employee empowerment in the UAE. According to Murari (2015), numerous personnel management methods exist, which can have different effects on workers’ ability to realize their professional potential as efficiently as possible. Thus, this research proposal aims to determine the impact of individual leadership principles in the context of the benefits for employee empowerment and the creation of a productive work environment. As a background for intervention, the UAE labor market will be considered. Based on the available information, a transformational leadership style is the most optimal management strategy promoting employee empowerment and motivating specialists to increase their professionalism in the continuous workflow. Justification for the Research The variety of leadership styles and the possibilities of their application create difficulties for the implementation of suitable HR strategies and employee empowerment. As Murari (2015) states, following a specific practice involves several conventions and implies not only interacting with subordinates from a certain behavioral perspective but also the individual aspects of professional leadership training, including “personality traits, influence, relationships, cognitive versus emotional intelligence,” and other aspects (p. 13). Accordingly, it is essential to consider specific management styles and determine why transformational leadership is the best alternative to other strategies in the context of employee empowerment in the UAE labor market. As a relevant methodology, an empirical study will be carried out since this type of research makes it possible to obtain objective and unbiased data on a specific problem from a stakeholder perspective. Rao and Kareem Abdul (2015) consider this strategy a successful mechanism in the context of team productivity and an opportunity for employees to adapt to dynamic working environment conditions under the influence of current changes introduced by leaders. Regarding the significance and impact of this topic on the development of the labor market in the UAE, the authors note that psychological empowerment may be achieved due to the implementation of a transformational management strategy (Rao
“A Different Mirror” Analysis and Chapter 8 Summary
Introduction This essay focuses on the events as narrated in chapter 8 of the book “A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America” by Ronald Takaki. The issues discussed include the reasons for the movement of the Chinese to America, the expectations of the Chinese; jobs, discrimination, contributions to America, power, economics, gender issues, bachelor societies, etc. and the common experiences the Chinese had with other people of color. Reasons for immigrating to America There is the notion that America is a land of opportunities and this is significant since it is on this account that the Chinese moves there. The Chinese migrated to America due to the opium wars and other problems at home. The improved transport network and infrastructure lead many Asians to move to America in the hope that they will get gainful employment. The expectations of the Chinese The expectations of the Chinese are not met as they are sold into slavery in the United States. They think that their movement to America will pay off. Despite isolated incidences occurring to them, these incidences are brutal, and many Asians suffer. Jobs, discrimination, contributions to America, power, economics, gender issues, bachelor societies, LAWS, etc. Initially, 24,000 Chinese are miners in the 1840s but are driven out of mining by the determined “whites.” There is discrimination in the job market. Although the “whites” and the Chinese do more or less the same work, they are paid less money compared to the “whites.” The “whites” are paid two third more than the Chinese. The Chinese contribute to America’s economy by building the railroad and the agricultural industry of California. The irrigation systems which they dig boost the value of the land. The cost of land rose to $100 an acre in 1877. The same land was valued at $28 an acre in 1875 (Takaki 199). This shows the way the Chinese influence and work contributed to the economic growth of California. The Chinese are compelled into self-employment because of the unemployed “white” workers in California riot against them. This is because the “whites” see the Chinese as their threat in the job market. They view the Chinese as people who have come to take away their jobs. They venture into the stores, restaurants and laundry industries as a way of earning a living. The book records that there are some Chinese who are brought to Louisiana and Mississippi. Once there, they are put to work with the slaves who had been freed. This is meant to intimidate them or portray them as lesser beings. These events infringe on the fundamental rights of the Chinese. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Common experiences the Chinese had with other people of color The Chinese are subjected to the racial inequalities which had earlier on been submitted to the blacks. The Chinese are referred to as ‘naguar’ by the white workers. A cartoon in one of the magazines in California describes the Chinese “as a bloodsucking vampire with slanted eyes, a pigtail, dark skin, and thick lips… they were described as heathen, morally inferior, savage, childlike, and lustful” (Takaki 205). In a case involving People versus Hall in 1854, the Supreme Court in California make legally valid and confirm that the Chinese are not whites. The court further confirms the reversal of the murder case against Hall who killed a Chinese. The right to justice of the other races, for example, the blacks, mulattos, and Indians are infringed upon by the authorities. This is because they are not allowed to give any evidence in cases involving the whites. The justice system is discriminatory as the Chinese and Asians are not recognized as humans; hence the violation of their rights. Justice in this state is applied selectively. The Asians, later on, are officially condemned as non-white. Work Cited Takaki, Ronald. A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America (revised edition), Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1993