For this program evaluation, you will identify a community or school-based program in your geographical area or an area of your choice. You will
determine the targeted age group of this program, and this will be your focus of study. (If the program targets more than one age group, simply choose one of
the groups.) Using this group and the program, you will determine how the interventions provided either address or do not address the developmental needs,
risk factors, and resiliency factors of the involved children. After identifying gaps in services, you will research and select an intervention plan to address these
gaps, providing justification around the selection.Full directions attached!!! READ CAREFULLY. APA format, 2-3 pagesJust introduction
HSE 215 AU Child Growth and Development Head Start Program Discussion
4Phones Project Vision and Organisation Essay
Executive Summary The business world is changing very fast due to changes in various factors of production. Firms are forced to come up with projects that will make them competitive in this market. This is one such project. In this project, the main aim is to improve communication, increase the working space and generally improve service delivery within the firm. The project has a clearly defined scope and objectives which state what the project stands to achieve. To make this a success, various stakeholders within the firm will play various responsibilities within their respective areas. From the top management to junior officers, each member will have a role to play in this project to realise desired results. Project Definition Vision The vision of this project clearly states its purpose and aim in this industry. The vision gives this project a sense of direction. With a clear vision statement, the project members, and other members of this organisation will be certain of what is to be achieved by this project. They will have to develop their expectations based on the vision stated in the project. The following is the vision statement of this firm. To develop a robust telecommunication infrastructure within this firm between various customer locations. This vision statement clearly states what is expected of the project upon its completion. The project should improve interdepartmental communication within the firm as a way of improving the efficiency of the entire firm. Objectives According to Panneerselvam and Senthilkumar (2010, p. 110), projects should always have clear objectives to be achieved by the project members. This scholar says that most projects have failed due to the lack of clearly stated objectives in the project. Project objectives help in defining the scope of the project. This scholar says that project objectives must always meet the SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-sensitive) criteria. The following are some of the project objectives. To provide customers with an online system which would enable them to communicate directly to the firm from their homes. To develop a new work premise having a bigger working space, increased parking spaces, and reduced costs of operations as compared to the existing one. To relocate existing technological infrastructure to the new premises within a span of two days without causing any inconvenience to the customers. To have a generally improved system of communication within various departments within this firm upon completion of the project. The above objectives are the specific objectives that should be achieved upon completion of this project. There are some benefits that the project will bring as the implementation will be underway. The above objectives can be adjusted accordingly, based on the prevailing circumstances. Scope Defining scope of a project is one of the most important aspects of a project. A project should always be focused on achieving specific objectives. Defining project scope helps in various ways. First, it helps in making the project members determine what is expected of them within a given time-frame. Meredith and Mantel (2012, p. 62) observe that in most of the cases, people will have very great expectations of a project whenever it is launched. In most of the cases, the expectation can be too high to be realised by the project. This is always the case when the project involves information and communication technology. Over expectation of a project can be dangerous because members of the firm may fail to see the benefits of the project. Defining the scope of a project sets the mind of various stakeholders to what the project will offer. In this project, the scope will be to improve communication within the departments and offer improved working space within the firm. This will generally improve the efficiency of the firm and increase its productivity. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Deliverables Deliverable Components Description Improved Inter-departmental Communication Direct connectivity of various departments. Modern communication systems in various departmental offices A clear channel of communication-based on the position held in the firm In this deliverable, the main aim will be to ensure that communication between one department and another. To improve efficiency between departments, there must be a clear system that allows the departments to communicate freely. This deliverable is meant to improve the internal environment of the firm. Its success will be determined by clear improved communication strategies amongst employees of this firm internally. This will make the process of meeting customer demands easier. Improved Customer-Firm Communication A Communication channel between the firm and its customers A mechanism through which customers can receive instant feedback from the firm. A customer-friendly communication system. The main focus of this project is to improve customers’ experience. The project aims at creating an environment where customers and specific personnel of the organisation can communicate directly. In this deliverable, this project will enable the firm to understand the feelings of customers regarding the services that this firm offers. It enables the firm to develop products that reflect the needs of the customers because of direct and constant communication that exists between customers and the firm. The system will also allow customers to express themselves to the firm easily. This will make it easy for them to describe their needs more easily. This makes this deliverable core in this project because it will be an important factor of growth of the entire firm. Improved employee coordination A clearly defined path of communication Easy and shorter communication between top management and employees The path of communication should be made in a way which allows the concerned individuals to pass their message without any form of miscommunication. In order to avoid distortion of a message, the channel of communication should be shorter. This way, the efficiency will be improved. The top management will be able to reach to the employees with their message, and the employees can easily communicate back their thought to the top management. Project Organisation Customers Customer Group Customer Representative Departmental employees Departmental heads. These are the people who stand to gain from the first deliverable stated in the table above. In each department, the head of the department will act s their representative. Customers of the organisation Organisational buyer will be the representative. The second deliverable in the table above was geared towards ensuring that customers’ needs are taken care of in a timely manner. In this group, the representative will be picked from one of the organisational buyers of this firm. The top management unit. The chief executive of this firm will be the representative in this group. The third deliverable is meant to improve coordination of employees within the firm. It is meant to make employee management easier than it is currently. The beneficiary of this deliverable will be the management unit. The chief executive will be the best representative of this group. Stakeholders Stakeholder / Group Stakeholder Interest Chief Executive Officer Chief executive officer will be interested in seeing improved service delivery through the process. This stakeholder’s main concern is to have a system which will improve the overall performance of the firm. The system should allow the chief executive to easily coordinate all other stakeholders and apparatus that are responsible for production within the firm. This stakeholder will be expecting the project to help the organisation achieve its vision within the stipulated period. The Financial Controller In every organisation, the ability to achieve desired results always depends on the financial capacity of the firm. Therefore, a financial controller plays a vital role in an organisation. A financial controller will be interested in the financial consequences of the project to the firm. The impact of the project on the finances of the firm must be positive for the project to be determined as viable. Therefore, a financial controller must be convinced that the project will benefit the firm financial in the long run. The Chief Marketing Officer Every organisation, whether it is for profit or not for profit organisation, cannot operate without a clearly defined customer focus. These customers will determine whether or not the operational activities of the firm can progress or not. Chief financial officer is responsible for ensuring that customers’ interests are well taken care of in order to make the visit the firm again. This officer will be concerned with strengthening the brand of the firm in the market (Bender 2010, p. 78). As such, he or she will be responsible for ensuring that all the employees in this department and all the resources assigned to it are used in convincing customers to visit the firm. This officer will be interested in how this project will ease customer communication. He or she will be interested in how well the project will increase customer satisfaction. Project Team Role Responsibilities Role Responsibilities Project Sponsor The main role of the sponsor will be to ensure that the project has the needed funds to run and achieve its objectives successfully. It will also have a supervisory role in the management of the funds in the project. Project Board The project board members will be responsible for issuing guidelines on the policies of the project. They will be issuing instructions to the project manager and ensuring that expectations of all other stakeholders are realised. Project Manager The project manager will be the chief executive of the project. Project members will be working under his guide. He will be responsible for ensuring that all policies made by the board are successfully implemented in the project. He will regularly report to the project board on the progress made by the project. Project members Project members are the officers who will be responsible for the implementations of various policies in the project. The members will be responsible for all the operational activities in the project that will help it achieve its desired objectives. Structure Project Team Organisation Chart. List of References Bender, M 2010, A manager’s guide to project management: learn how to apply best practices, FT Press, Upper Saddle River. Meredith, J
Ashford University The Psychology of Groups Analysis
help me with my homework Ashford University The Psychology of Groups Analysis.
I’m working on a writing discussion question and need an explanation to help me learn.
In this week’s Task you will explore group behavior and groupthink.Read The Psychology of Groups.Read the article “What is Groupthink?”WatchPlay VideoWatchPlay VideoWrite a 250-400 word reaction paper for each of the videos. You will write two separate papers. A reaction paper is written so that you’ll consider carefully what you think or feel about something you’ve seen. Be sure to discuss the group dynamics of influence, obedience, and conformity.
Ashford University The Psychology of Groups Analysis
Applied Biostatistics in Health :Data Collected in a Defined Population Sample
Applied Biostatistics in Health :Data Collected in a Defined Population Sample.
This related to : ordinal/categorical, continuous, and dichotomous variables. Using the Gestation Demographics SEU dataset that is located in the tabs at the bottom of the Framingham dataset(attacched).undefinedCreate a simple distribution graph (histogram) where we will explore the age of women after giving birth to their first child. Remember that a histogram consists of parallel vertical bars that show the frequency distribution of a quantitative variable in the graph. See the example in Introductory Statistics with R on pages 71-7 or pages 123-124 in EXCEL statistics A quick guide. The area of each bar is equal to the frequency of items found in each class.Determine the mean of the age of the women in the Gestation Demographics SEU dataset.We will be testing the hypothesis that assumes the mean age (μ = μ0) for women is 37 years in the Gestation Demographics SEU dataset.H0 The mean age of women giving birth is 37 years old. (Null Hypothesis)H1 The mean age of women giving birth is not 37 years old. (Alternative Hypothesis)Present your findings in a Word document, by copying and pasting the histogram into the document. After your analysis state whether you accept or reject the null hypothesis and your reasoning why. Always use a title page, an introduction, a discussion where you interpret the meaning of the histogram, and a conclusion should be included. Your submission should be 3 pages to discuss and display your findings.Provide support for your statements with in-text citations from a minimum of two scholarly, peer-reviewed articles. One of these sources may be from the class readings, textbook, or lectures, but the others must be external. Follow APA and Saudi Electronic University writing standards.
Applied Biostatistics in Health :Data Collected in a Defined Population Sample
Environmental Analysis Of Coca Cola Company Business Essay
Environmental Analysis Of Coca Cola Company Business Essay. The purpose of this report is to provide an environmental analysis of the Coca Cola Company. To do this, we shall create a SWOT analysis of the company, examine the competition which the company faces through using ‘Porter’s Generic Strategies’, and determine how it would be possible to improve the strategic fit of Coca Cola. Firstly we analysed Coca Cola through the use of a SWOT analysis, in which we used both a LONGPEST analysis and a ‘Porter’s Five Forces’ analysis as part of the SWOT. We first analysed the strengths of Coca Cola, one strength being that of the exceedingly strong brand image that Coca Cola has built up since it began in 1886, which means it is now extremely well known worldwide, being sold in over 200 countries. A further strength of Coca Cola, is that the company can benefit from its huge economies of scale as suppliers don’t want to lose the custom of such a big company so offer discounts in order to maintain their custom (low bargaining power of suppliers). Another strength of Coca-Cola is that there is little threat of new entrants because although in the soft drinks industry the barriers to entry are reasonably low, it would be very hard for a new entrant to rival Coca Cola due to the high experiences levels needed and the high costs involved. There are however, weaknesses of Coca Cola, one weakness being that they have high advertising expenses as they continue to promote their well known brand. A further weakness is that when considering Coca Cola globally, in North America, the PepsiCo Company is more popular, which is something Coca Cola will want to improve. There are numerous opportunities available for Coca Cola to capitalise on. One opportunity available to Coca Cola is there is potential to gain market share on PepsiCo in the North American soft drinks market. A further opportunity for the company is the potential to become more environmentally friendly, after reducing their carbon emissions by 5.5% between the years 2007 and 2010. Another opportunity available is as their employees globally are only 28% female workers, there is the opportunity to increase this to have more gender equality within the company. However, Coca Cola does face threats from other sources. For example, there is the threat of substitute products from companies such as Pepsi and Dr Pepper. Another threat is that coca cola is not part of a healthy lifestyle, as people are becoming more health conscious, they could begin to switch to healthier drinks. A further threat is when in a recession like Europe has been facing, people are more likely to be buying necessities rather than spending money on soft drinks. The Coca-Cola Company: Basis of Competition As of 2012, Coca-Cola was worth $77.8 billion. It is currently the world’s leading brand according the annual “Brand Value Ranking” from ‘Interbrand’, and now, with ‘3,500 different beverages sold worldwide’ (Interbrand, 2012), Coca-Cola is leading the many emerging markets too. In order to be this successful, Coca-Cola must have an exceedingly strong basis of competition, and that, it does: For starters, Coca-Cola has achieved very high economies of scale since its beginning in 1886. High economies of scale allow businesses to produce more, at a much lower cost, because average costs fall when buying in bulk. This then allows the business to lower its prices, which will obviously instigate an increase in demand and potentially, profits. Then, with more profits, businesses can increase the barriers to entry within a market and deter other companies from entry. Furthermore, within the Soft Drinks Industry, the bargaining power of buyers is extremely high due to low switching costs, and the general ease at which consumers can switch; but due to them amassing a large degree of customer loyalty over the years, Coca-Cola is an exception to the rule as its customers have become increasingly less price sensitive. This is another benefit of having a competitive advantage. Coca-Cola’s competitive advantage comes mainly from its innovation and product differentiation techniques. Coca-Cola ‘spends roughly 20% of its advertising budget on maintaining its differentiation strategy’ – and with good reason. Through innovation comes more brand loyalty, inelastic demand (due to lack of substitute products), and the potential of the desirable ‘Monopoly Power’ which many businesses aim towards. An example of Coca-Cola’s innovation is its ‘Coke Zero’ brand, which is a dieting product aimed at young men. This kind of product had never been touched upon before in the soft drinks market and was a resounding success – ‘its sales have consistently increased as the overall market has shrunk’ (The Star – 2010). By using Porter’s “Generic Competitive Strategies” (appendix) we can determine that Coca-Cola employs the ‘Overall Differentiation’ method of marketing. Coca-Cola doesn’t need to focus on low prices due to its brand loyalty, and due to is enormous size, it is able to market its products at a more broader market. As stated earlier (Coke Zero) Coca-Cola uses differentiation and innovation to fuel its success. Strategic Fit As for the strategic fit, we looked at how Coca Cola manage resources such as the physical, technological and human resources, as well as intellectual capital. Having analysed these of Coca Cola, we have suggestions as to how the strategic fit for Coca Cola could be improved. Starting with the physical resources, they currently have over 50 factories around the world, with many of these being based in America. An improvement that could be suggested for this is that they could diversify to more countries in order to benefit from possible cheaper wages, therefore saving on costs. A way in which Coca Cola could improve their strategic fit linked to technological resources would be to take to advantage in the future straight away of any advances in technology that could help benefit them in some way, such as becoming more efficient, therefore saving money. As for human resources, this is mainly the labour employed. One suggestion for improving the human resources would be to give all staff the best training available so they will be able to work to their maximum, therefore being more efficient members of the workforce. Regarding the intellectual capital, concerning the brand, this would be almost impossible to improve due to how popular the brand is, and regarding patents, Coca Cola uses many patents to protect themselves from competitors. After examining the current soft drink market, we can ascertain that it is in a mature state, suggesting that there is not much room for growth. As we can see from the existing products, leading companies have exploited most ideas in order to boost sales, using Coca-Cola as an example, they have created products targeted at being healthier like Diet Coke and Coke Zero, as well as products experimenting with flavour; Vanilla Coke, Cherry Coke, Coke with Lime and Coke with Lemon. Results from the SWOT analysis indicate that there is a gap in the market for environmentally friendly product. Coca-Cola could take advantage of this opportunity by introducing container deposit legislation, in order to help the environment. Now-a-days, glass bottles have become obsolete; Coca-Cola could bring them back, consequently reducing waste and improving their carbon footprint. In addition to this, there have been concerns over the amount of water being used in the production of Coca-Cola’s soft drinks. Depletion of the local ground water-table poses serious issues for local farmers and their livelihoods. In Plachimada, India, the Coca-Cola plant used about 900,000 litres; Indian environmental experts have stated that it takes seven to ten litres of water to produce a litre of Coke. Therefore to take full advantage of the opportunities, Coca-Cola should make their water usage more effective to produce their drinks. Besides making their product more environmentally friendly, Coca-Cola could also target a new audience altogether. Healthier drinks are steadily on the increase in the United Kingdom. From 2008 to 2010, sales of ‘healthy’ drinks increased 21%, with value sales rising to over £1billion. The success of these drinks along with the brand loyalty and status that Coca-Cola has means that they could possibly enter the children’s soft drink industry. This industry is becoming more popular, “Fruit juice, juice drinks, bottled water and milk are now chosen twice as often as in 1993”. Parents are increasingly concerned about the wellbeing of their children, and focus on buying healthy products for them. To expand their audience, a still, fruity drink without any sugar would be popular with children and parents. Coca-Cola could invest in this market, manufacturing an upmarket children’s drink which they could sell because of their status and which parents would buy because of their interest in their children’s health, doing this means they can compete with Tropicana which is owned by PepsiCo. In conclusion, by analysing Coca Cola through a SWOT analysis, looking at Porter’s competitive strategies and how Coca Cola could improve its strategic fit, it has enabled us to come up with suggestions for a new product and service for the Coca Company. Appendix LoNGPEST of Coca Cola We looked at the local, national and global issues that face coca cola regarding the Political, Economical, Social and Technological issues. Political: Local National Global At a Coca Cola factory in Plachimada, Kerala, residents from the village are angry that Coke’s indiscriminate mining of groundwater has dried up many wells. Have to add the VAT charge set by the government on to their products. When Coca Cola export their goods outside of the UK, they must comply with export and international trade regulations. It must comply with the Advertising Standards Authority and the Committee of Advertising Practice code – for example, one part of their code is that ‘Advertisements must not materially mislead or be like to do so’. Coca cola have to do as much as they can in order to help the environment – E.g. recycling, reducing packaging and water management. In the UK, they have reduced their carbon footprint. In 2010, they produced 476,000 tonnes of CO2 emissions, a 5.5% reduction from 2007. Coca Cola has to comply with the minimum wage regulations within each country they operate in and keep up to date with any changes to the minimum wage within these countries. Economical: Local National Global Coca cola factories help to reduce local unemployment where their factories are based. A rise in interest rates would affect Coca Cola as people will be spending less and saving more, so they could change to substitute products for coca cola e.g. supermarket own cola. A decrease in interest rates could affect Coca Cola as it could mean they are more likely to invest in the business as borrowing money would be cheaper. Unemployment in the UK was 2.51 million in 2012. As this figure is high, this leads to less consumer spending as households have lower disposable income. If Inflation rates were to rise, this would mean Coca Cola would have to increase their profits in order to maintain their current profit levels. Also as there is fairly high unemployment, this is an opportunity for Coca Cola because as there is a greater supply of labour, there is potential for lower wages as workers want to keep their jobs. Social: Local National Global ‘The Real Business Challenge’ set up by Coca Cola in 2006, is a competition tackling a business task for year 10 students to help them develop their business skills. As more women are now in work, we can see this with an increase to 68% of female workers in the Coca Cola company in the UK in 2010. 28% of Coca Cola staff throughout the world are female workers which shows that globally, there isn’t as many opportunities given to women in other countries compared to the UK. Part of the Coca Cola ‘Commitment 2020’ programme, is to make a positive contribution to the local communities it operates in. Adverts have an effect on the UK population such as with the Christmas advert every year, how everyone knows it and enjoys it. Coca Cola have a goal with their ‘Active Healthy Living’ programme, to raise standards of physical fitness globally through encouragement and grassroots programmes. With there being a growing awareness of health in recent years, this could affect the sales of Coca Cola as people are beginning to opt for healthier choices. Technological: Local National Global The latest technology is more expensive so therefore in the short term, the expenditure on technology could slightly dent profits until the new technology becomes effective and starts to save Coca Cola money in the long term. Advancements in technology allow Coca Cola to use better machinery which makes them a more efficient company so lowers their costs. Technology has allowed Coca Cola to create ‘Planetbottles’ which also help the environment. This will appeal to people who are environmentally conscious and could be more like choose this product over competitors because of the environmental aspect. Porter’s five forces Porter’s five forces consists of competitive rivalry, the threat of substitute products, the threat of new entrants, the bargaining power of suppliers and the bargaining power of buyers. Competitive rivalry: The main competitors to The Coca Cola Company in the soft drinks industry are PepsiCo and Dr Pepper Snapple Group. All three benefit from huge economies of scale, and are able to invest a large amount of money into advertising. The soft drinks business is an oligopolistic market, so the companies involved don’t engage in price wars as it would not benefit them (kinked demand curve). Instead, they have to be innovative – and this increases competition. They try to differentiate themselves from the competition, by for example creating a USP; (Coke is advertised as the ‘original’ or ‘the real thing’ and that its recipe is perceived as secret). PepsiCo advertises primarily to a younger generation and tries to increase brand loyalty by sponsoring events and/or working with charities to create an emotional appeal (Coca Cola partners with WWF and the Paralympics). Threat of substitute products: Coca Cola is available almost everywhere exclusively, and is seen as the original, which makes customers more loyal. PepsiCo, Dr Pepper Snapple Group and of course Coca Cola have very similar products across the board e.g orange – Fanta – tango, lemon sprite – 7up, energy drinks etc. These products are cheap, and the switching costs are very low, which means that the threat of substitution would be quite high, was it not for the superior convenience and availability of Coca Cola’s products. However, in a blind taste test, people couldn’t tell the difference between Coca-Cola coke and Pepsi coke – this suggests that there could be a high risk of substitution. Threat of new entrants: Entry barriers are low for the soft drink market, but to be as successful as Coca Cola or PepsiCo, the costs and experience levels are very high. With regards to costs, due to the low costs of producing soft drinks, entry barriers are relatively low. In order to be as big as one of the three main competitors such as Coca Cola, a company would have to invest a considerable amount of money on REnvironmental Analysis Of Coca Cola Company Business Essay
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