need help with these two discussion questions, minimum 200 words each.
Read the “National Organization for Women, ‘Statement of Purpose’ (1966)” and using a minimum of 200 words (not including quotations) respond to the following questions. Make sure to reference specific passages from the document and/or textbook to support your discussion:
According to the authors of the document—what justifications have been used to prevent women from enjoying equal opportunities and freedom of choice?
What accounts for the disparity in earning power of women compared to men?
What areas of the professions are most glaringly dominated by men?
What is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and why is it important to women?
What specific recommendations does NOW present that will “enable women to enjoy true equality of opportunity and responsibility in society, without conflict with their responsibilities as mothers and homemakers?”
What do the authors mean by calling for a “new image of women?”
Read “Bill Clinton on Free Trade and Financial Deregulation (1993-2000)” and using a minimum of 200 words (not including quotations) respond to the following questions. Make sure to reference specific passages from the document and/or textbook to support your discussion:
According to Clinton, what will be the benefits of NAFTA and the projected dismantling of “trade barriers?”
What contradictions are apparent in his argument for embracing the global economy?
What is the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act designed to do?
Who advocated deregulating the derivatives market, and what do these entities represent?
In the longer run, did NAFTA along with the deregulation of financial markets produce the benefits that Clinton envisioned? Why or why not?
Provide an outside source (for example, an article from the UC Library) that applies to the topic, along with additional information about the topic or the source (please cite properly in APA)
Make an argument concerning the topic.
Ask an interesting, thoughtful question pertaining to the topic
Answer a question (in detail) posted by another student or the instructor
Provide extensive additional information on the topic
Explain, define, or analyze the topic in detail
Share an applicable personal experience
Should be in 500 words length and raise about 2 questions
Should be in APA format and plagarism free
Why is it important for business strategy to drive organizational strategy and IS strategy? What might happen if the business strategy was not the driver?
Stratford University Digital Transformation Leadership Discussion
Stratford University Digital Transformation Leadership Discussion.
I’m working on a computer science question and need an explanation to help me understand better.
How digital transformation leaders in regard to artificial intelligence (AI). please answer the following questions:What is your definition of AI? Please explain.What is your opinion of AI, is the technology currently available? Why or why not?Please note at least four AI technologies, explain if they are truly AI or something else. Thoroughly explain your answer.How is AI perceived as different in various industries and locations? Please explain.Be sure to use the UC Library for scholarly research. Google Scholar is also a great source for research. Please be sure that journal articles are peer-reviewed and are published within the last five years.The paper should meet the following requirements:5-6 pages in length (not including title page or references)APA guidelines must be followed. The paper must include a cover page, an introduction, a body with fully developed content, and a conclusion.A minimum of five peer-reviewed journal articles.The writing should be clear and concise. Headings should be used to transition thoughts. Don’t forget that the grade also includes the quality of writing.No plagrisam and use proper APA format and referees and citations.
Stratford University Digital Transformation Leadership Discussion
BUS 499 SU Strategic Management and Competitiveness of Dell Case Study
assignment writing services BUS 499 SU Strategic Management and Competitiveness of Dell Case Study.
BUS 499 SU Strategic Management and Competitiveness of Dell Case Study
Electrical Safety and Hazards of Electricity Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Main text Conclusion Bibliography Introduction Electrical Safety is a part of industrial safety programs aimed to protect workers and outside environment from threats and risks. The electrical safety regulation involves congressional legislation stating the need to protect health, safety, and the environment; setting goals for improvements in the present condition; and establishing the commissions to deal with the day-to-day problems of actually achieving the goals. Once established, the new agencies attempt to settle quickly into full-blown and efficient administrative processes. While the legislation provided guidelines as to why the agency should proceed, it usually does specify the method or process of regulation. Main text Electricity is dangerous for a human causing death and health hazards. If a current runs through a human body it burns the flesh and causes the shock. In its turn, shock leads to heart attack and heart failure. One-tenth of an ampere may prove death if it passes through the main part of the body. “Of all the skin layers, keratin exhibits the highest resistance to the passage of electricity” (Cadick et al 2005, p. 1.20). For instance, the 110 volts is enough to be fatal. in industrial setting, electricity is dangerous because it causes rapid heating and expansion of sap vapors in case of fire. In current, “electrons move because they push on each other to spread apart. When more electrons are in one place than another, those in the crowded area push harder than those in the emptier area, so electrons move from the former to the latter. Resistance is modeled as a blocking process in which “imperfections” in the material act as obstacles in the electrons’ paths” (McCutchen 1999, p. 259). In industrial settings, electricity is dangerous because of high voltage and metal constructions used in many plants and factories. “Employees who work around electricity don’t survive on luck. Worse is the fact that having a near death accident doesn’t “feel” lucky to most” (Cadick et al 2005, p. 8.14). The regulation of worker safety goes toward specifying equipment. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 is enacted to reverse the rising trend of worker accidents during the 1960s. When the act became law, the secretary of labor set the first safety standards based on equipment specifications arrive at over the previous two decades by industry health associations and nonprofit safety organizations (Viscusi 2000). Today, electrical safety issues contain extremely detailed specifications of the physical conditions of production, ranging from the cleanliness of the working area to the position and size of mesh screens over moving machinery. The goals are to set in terms of improving health and safety across the country, EPA, NHTSA, and OSHA regulations evolved away from performance to setting out and partially enforcing detailed equipment specifications (Viscusi 2000). Because standard setting has been litigious and prolonged, the existing set of rules has not been complete. But these regulations when available and applied to the individual plant have proven to be extremely detailed and inflexible. When they have not fit, the only way to resolve an all-or-nothing confrontation has been to postpone application. in utility and industrial settings, ”electricity is conducted along copper wires in power generation, transmission, and distribution” (Cadick et al 2005, p. 11.8). By controlling equipment and production processes, the agencies regulating electrical safety have had some impact on industry costs and prices. Electrical safety concerns logically fall into four basic categories: product design standards, installation standards, safety-related maintenance information and usage instructions “(Cadick et al 2005, p. 6.16). The impact is realized by the companies in higher equipment costs and reduced equipment options. This, in turn, increases the long-run, and increases the short-run, costs of production. Behavior modification approaches to workplace safety invoke a domino model, such that reinforcement strategies affect safe behavior, which in turn affects accident rates. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Following Patterson (1999), the simplest form of event sequence model accords less attention to causes and more attention to the outcomes leading up to an accident. The nuance here is that an accident is a process, rather than a single discrete event. Patterson (1999) conceptualizes the accident process as a hazard buildup cycle. At first, the workplace is safe with no uncontrolled hazards. As people start to work, however, tools are left out in work spaces, and different people enter the work space to do different things with different tools and equipment. People and objects move around and make opportunities to bump into each other. Eventually hazards accumulate to a critical level when an accident occurs. Notice that there is a entropy concept implicit in the hazard buildup view of an accident process. For instance, in industrial settings: “whenever possible, safety grounds are applied to create a zone of equal potential around the employee. This means that the voltage is equal on all components within reach of the employee” (Cadick et al 2005, p. 2.84). An intervention based on the hazard buildup cycle would emphasize training for good factory housekeeping. Other possible forms of training would center on the best use of tools, and procedures that would minimize the acceleration of the hazard buildup. Workers should learn to recognize the buildup cycle, and to spontaneously intervene by reorganizing their work spaces for a safer outcome (Viscusi 2000). The intervention essentially kick-starts a self-organization process for all workers. Entropy, having increased unto chaos, now causes the system to self-organize into a state where there is less internal entropy, and a more controlled transferral of energy into the work environment. The concept of electrical safety climate was first expressed by Zohar (1980 cited Patterson 1999), who was investigating the safety practices, and workers’ views of those safety practices, that distinguished factories with good safety performance from those with poor performance. Attitudes toward the organization’s safety program and its effectiveness, worker training, availability of needed tools and personal protection equipment, and the foreman’s attentiveness to rule violations, all served to distinguish high and low performing groups (Viscusi 2000). The set of survey questions, taken together denoted a climate for safety. The concept of climate was similar in principle to the organizational climate concepts, except that climate was viewed with respect to a more limited set of objectives or issues. The introduction of an organizational construct was justified because the measurements distinguished organizations rather than individuals (Patterson 1999). Electrical workers and inspectors operate with a variety of notions of compliance. Full compliance is a standard set of conditions which they are aiming towards: this will usually be at least the legal or administrative definition of compliance, and it may represent a standard above the legal minimum. Inspectors may also operate with temporary definitions of compliance, that is a state of affairs which is less than full compliance but which is tolerated for a fixed period, until such time as they consider it reasonable for a state of full compliance to have been achieved (Cadick et al 2005). Both of these are positive definitions, to the extent that they emphasize the degree to which something measures up to the required standard. When inspectors are wanting to emphasize the negative aspects of a situation they talked in terms of non-compliance. The definition, achievement, and maintenance of compliance is a process which continues for as long as a business is in operation and known about by the regulatory authorities. But while the activities regulated by inspectors are continuous, inspectors’ visits to these sites are ‘momentary’ and sometimes infrequent (Patterson 1999). We will write a custom Essay on Electrical Safety and Hazards of Electricity specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More They therefore make decisions from ‘snapshots’ of activity, and with the benefit of varying levels of training, guidance, and experience. Issues of compliance therefore emerge in different contexts and settings and the meanings they take on are molded accordingly. It may take inspectors a long time to become familiar with some very large and complex organizations, a task which may be made more difficult by reorganizations. For instance, British Railways is perhaps a good example, since its national organization was differentiated both on a regional basis and according to specialisms such as civil engineering, mechanical and electrical engineering, signals and telecommunications, and operations (Patterson 1999). Not only was this a complicated organization in itself but it was not a static organization. Each of the parts might be reorganized, leaving members of the RI with the problem of not knowing whom to contact, especially if jobs were awkwardly defined. However, some inspectors felt that reorganizations could help them if individual managers became responsible for larger areas, as inspectors would then need to contact fewer managers to effect improvements across a greater area. In industrial settings, the environmental hazard parameters can be thought of as background and trigger variables, respectively. The relationship between hazards and accidents is thought to be linear in the sense of the Patterson (1999) hazard buildup process. Other evidence suggests that the electrical safety is actually a log-linear relationship, such that hazards are more closely related to the log of accidents rates, rather than to accident rates directly (Parkhurst and Niebur 2002). Variables that represent sources of stress, which in turn affect performance, are thought to cause a sharp inflection of risk over a short amount of time when the background hazard level is sufficiently strong. Risk inflection, which is greatest when anxiety and stress are high, safety management is poor, and group size is small. Good safety management is thought to produce only a relatively low. Safety management is a control mechanism both in real circumstances and as a bifurcating effect in the model. Tests of the cusp model in two situations showed that the model provides a good description of the accident process and affords a variety of qualitative recommendations that an organization can use to enhance its safety performance (McCutchen 1999). Conclusion In sum, electricity is dangerous because it causes deaths and injuries if the workers are not protected and safety measures are not kept. Behavior modification programs, which selectively reward desired safety responses and censure undesirable behaviors, rank among the most effective means of controlling accidents, as long as the contingencies of reinforcement center on rewarding the desired behavior to a greater extent than on punishing undesirable behavior. Their chief limitations are, however, that they require constant monitoring by the agencies delivering the rewards, and only a narrow set of behaviors can be targeted effectively within a specific program. Also, they tend to view targeted behaviors in isolation, rather than as results of a complex system process. Sometimes those limitations are not problems, of course, but sometimes they are. Bibliography Cadick, J., Capelli_M., Neitzel, D. K. Electrical Safety Handbook. McGraw-Hill Professional; 3 edition, 2005. McCutchen, D. Making Their Own Connections: Students’ Understanding of Multiple Models in Basic Electricity. Cognition and Instruction, 17, 1999. 249-259. Patterson, W. Transforming Electricity: The Coming Generation of Change. Earthscan Ltd, 1999. Parkhurst, D. J., Niebur, E., Variable-Resolution Displays: A Theoretical, Practical, and Behavioral Evaluation. Human Factors, 44, 2002, p. 611. Viscusi, K. Corporate Risk Analysis: A Reckless Act? Stanford Law Review, 52, 2000, pp. 547-597.
International business Law
International business Law.
Please draft answers to numbers 1 and 2 with all subparts. Answers should be prepared on a separate Word Document and uploaded in the assignment box where it says attach files. 1. Visit the Website of the World Trade Organization
(www.wto.org). It is a practical, user-friendly guide that
offers complete information on the WTO’s role and
organizational structure as well as access to the GATT/
WTO legal texts and dispute settlement cases.a. As a beginning point, from the home page click on
Documents and Resources. From there you will have
access to WTO Distance Learning, WTO Videos, audio
podcasting, the WTO Library, and a helpful WTO
Glossary. The Distance Learning page offers training
modules and excellent multimedia presentations on
the basics of world trade and on many of the more
technical WTO issues. You can also link to the
international trade statistics page. From the WTO
Videos page, you can view programs or link to the
WTO Channel on YouTube.b. For links to all GATT/WTO agreements from 1947
to the present, navigate from the home page to
Documents and Resources and choose Legal Texts of
the WTO Agreements. Accessing WTO materials
through the Legal Texts page is quick and easy. You
can find Web documents either by browsing or
searching.c. For access to major WTO trade issues, from the home
page click on Trade Topics and navigate to the Trade
Topics Gateway and choose a subject, trade in
goods, services, intellectual property, dispute settle-
ment, or “Other topics,” including electronic commerce, investment, government procurement, or trade and the environment.
d. The highest decision-making body of the WTO is the Ministerial Conference, which brings together all
members of the WTO for meetings every two years.
The Ministerial Conference can make decisions on all
matters under any of the multilateral trade agreements.
Ministerial Conferences have been held in Bali
(2013), Geneva (2009, 2011), Hong Kong (2005),
Cancún (2003), Doha (2001), Seattle (1999), Geneva
(1998), and Singapore (1996). From the Trade Topics
menu, navigate to Ministerial Conferences. What topics
were on the most recent Ministerial agenda?e. For access to the reports of WTO dispute settlement
panels and the Appellate Body, from the home page
navigate to Trade Topics > Dispute Settlement, and
look for The Disputes. From here you may search
either chronologically, by country involved in the
dispute, by the GATT/WTO agreement at issue, or by
subject. Notice that disputes are cited as DS followed
by a number. The numbers are sequential; for
example, DS1 designates the first dispute filed in
1995, and so forth. Citations for panel reports will
generally appear as WT/DS#/R, and reports of the
Appellate Body will appear as WT/DS#/AB/R.
f. From the Dispute Settlement page, find The Disputes,
and click on Disputes by Subject. Assume you are
researching a Japanese restriction on the import of apples from the United States. Click on Apples. This is a search
function, with results listed for you at the bottom of the
page. Enter the case and find the link to the one page
summary. What actions did Japan take against U.S.
apples? Why? What was the result of the dispute
resolution? 2. One of the most controversial areas for the WTO and its
member governments has been the relationship between
trade and the environment. What are the overlapping
issues? What is the impact of trade or trade negotiations on
environmental issues? How do these issues affect the devel-
oping countries, and what position have various developing
countries taken? Explain the relationship between protection
of the environment and economic development. a. Consider the following major trade-related envi-
ronmental disputes at the WTO: U.S.—Standards
for Reformulated and Conventional Gasoline (pro-
visions of the U.S. Clean Air Act, DS52)
U.S.—Import Prohibition of Certain Shrimp and
Shrimp Products (selling of shrimp caught in nets
without turtle extractors, DS58)
European Communities—Measures Affecting
Asbestos and Asbestos-Containing Products (DS135)
European Communities—Measures Concerning
Meat and Meat Products (containing growth
hormones, DS26, DS48, DS39)
European Communities—Measures Affecting the
Approval and Marketing of Biotech Products
(genetically engineered foods, DS291)
Using one of these cases, write a case study on the
relationship between trade and environmental issues.
Be sure to explore both sides of the debate.b. For alternative views on trade and the environment,
see the Websites of Public Citizen and the Sierra Club
and a highly educational site presented by the Levin
Institute at the State University of New York, aptly
called Globalization101.org. To learn more about the
important Shrimp/Turtle case at the WTO, see the
Website of the National Wildlife Federation.
International business Law