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History of France Economics over the Past 20 Years Research Paper

Demographics France consists of a population of 65,312,249 with 64.7% of the inhabitants lying between the ages of 15 and 64. It has a population growth rate of 0.5%. The main and official language in the country is French. It is spoken by one hundred percent of the population. However, some regional dialects do exist such as Breton and Provencal. Previously, France used to use the French Franc as its major currency. However, after entering the Euro zone, it adopted the Euro as its official currency. In 2011, the official exchange rate for the Euro against the dollar was 0.755; this was an increase from the previous year of 0.434 Euros. France is a republican government. It operates under its own constitution and that of the European Union. The country has a chief of state or President called Nicholas Sarkozy. It has a Prime Minster who is the head of government as well as a cabinet that the president appoints in consultation with the prime minister. Elections in France are done after five years; subsequently the president must appoint the Prime Minister. The country has a bicameral parliament and this has assisted in maintaining a balance between the executive as well as the legislative arm. The predominant industries in France include energy or power generation, retail as well as tourism. France is the third strongest country in the global tourism sector. In terms of the economic indicators, the Nominal growth rate of 2010/2011 was reported as 2.145 trillion. This was an increase of 34 trillion US dollars from the previous year. Furthermore the GDP per capita was 1.5% and this was an improvement from the previous year which grew by -2.5%. It should be noted that the country’s economy was adversely affected by the global economic crisis in 2009. It had an adverse decrease in almost all economic indicators. Unemployment rates were at 9.3%, which was an increase of 0.2% from the previous year. Additionally, the country’s budget deficit was at 0.18 trillion dollars. This emanated from revenues of 1.26 trillion US dollars and expenditures of 1.44 trillion US dollars. In terms of percentage comparisons to the GDP, the budget deficit was -7% of the GDP. The balance of payment accounts was 54.4 billion dollars as of 2011. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The country is ranked 193rd in the world owing to these figures. Inflation currently stands at 2.5%; this was an increase from the previous year which recorded an inflation rate of 1.7%. It should be noted that the current figures reflect the economic crisis and the government stimulus efforts that the French government is undertaking. It is experiencing one of its worst budget deficits and public debts in the decade. Therefore the government has embarked on a serious expenditure freeze to prevent further increases in debt levels. Behavior of the same economic indicators over the past 20 years The nominal GDP growth rates for France have largely been increasing over the past two decades. Some minor exceptions have arisen between 2008 and 2009, but most of them have been positive. In the early 1990s, the nominal GDP growth rates stood at 2.645 on the mid 1990s, they were at 2.248. The nominal GDP continued to rise and peaked at 3.871 in 200. It then started decreasing; in 2003 to become 0.888. In the next year, a dramatic increase occurred when the nominal GDP increased by 2.346. These increases continued until 2007 when the country’s rate was at 2.31. However it began reducing to -0.213, -2.632 in 2008 and 2009. Nonetheless, this increased in 2010 to 1.384. On the other hand the GDP per capita was a different account. In 1990, it stood at 1.4% percentage points. In 1995, it was 1.4 also, in 2000, the figures were 1.9 while in 2003 they reduced to 1.6. In 2009 they reduced by 0.2% while in 2010 they increased to 2.5%; this was equivalent to $33,100. Unemployment in France has been at an average of 9.5 percent in 1990, the country underwent a percent decrease in unemployment, which stood at -4.48% from the previous year. In 1993, unemployment figures increased from the previous year by 12.86%. They eventually reduced in ’95 to -4.56%. In 2000, unemployment went down by -13.155. In 2002, there was an increase of 6.15% from the previous year. In 2003, this figure corresponded to 0.94%. In 2006, the trend again changed to a decrease of -0.62. Later on in 2008, there was a percentage decrease of -6.68%. In 2009, the country had landmark increases in unemployment levels. There was a 21.67% increase from 2008. In 2001, unemployment stood at 9.787, which was an increase of 3.02% from the previous year. In the past 20 years, the highest unemployment rate occurred in 1996 and this corresponded to 11.583 while the lowest figures were in 2001 corresponding to 8.392. Overly, France’s unemployment levels have never gone beyond 12% over the past two decades. We will write a custom Research Paper on History of France Economics over the Past 20 Years specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The budget deficits have always been a problem for this country in the past twenty years (OECD, 2005). In the late 1990s, they stood at -2.6. In 2000, they reduced to -1.8. The country had -1.5, -4.1, -2.9, -2.7, -7.5 in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008 and 2010 respectively. It should be noted that these figures are quoted as percentages of the GDP. The balance of payments in France was quite strong in the 1990s but dramatically weakened in the 2000s. In the early 1990s, the country boasted of a surplus of 31 billion Francs. This trend continued to the mid 1990s where the country kept exporting commodities to European countries. In 1995, the country had about 11,175 million US dollars worth of a trade surplus. The surpluses stopped in 2001 when the country reported a deficit. Later on in 2002, this changed again into a surplus of approximately 4.1 billion US dollars. In 2005, this started reducing and became a deficit of 12, 395 million US dollars. From that year onwards, France’s balance of payments has remained negative. In 2010 it had a budget deficit of 56.13 billion and in 2011, the balance of payment figures were at -54.4 billion. This is the reason why the country is struggling to control these figures through minimal government stimulus plans as well as expenditure freezes. The lowest inflation rates ever recorded by France were in 2009 where they stood at -0.7%. Over the past twenty years. Inflation rates in this country have been at an average of 4.93. In the early 2000s, they were maintained at between 1-3%. They started decreasing between 2007 and 2008 and reached the record low of -0.7%. In 2010, the figures stood at 1.7% while in 2011 they were at 2.5%. Historical relationships between the following Variables Real GDP and labor productivity These figures are directly related; real GDP has grown in proportion to labor productivity in France. This is especially true for the period between 1995 and 2002. It should be noted that the numbers are not as high as they are in other developed nations such as the United States. The relationship between real GDP and productivity in this country also mirrors the performance of other EU countries (Artige
PHI 3200 CU Organs Robbing the Dead Is Organ Conscription Ethical Discussion.

Write a 2-3 page paper that examines the moral and ethical considerations of organ conscription policies and theories.Scarcity of Medical ResourcesFor this assessment, you will continue your survey of ethical principles in health care. Especially in our contemporary world, where needs for health care outstrip available resources, we regularly face decisions about who should get which resources.There is a serious shortage of donor organs. Need vastly outstrips supply, due not only to medical advances related to organ transplantation, but also because not enough people consent to be cadaveric donors (an organ donor who has already died). Munson (2014) points out that in the United States, approximately 10,000 patients die each year because an organ donor was not available, which is three times the number of people killed in the terrorist attacks on 9/11.But what is an efficient and morally sound solution to this problem? The policy of presumed consent, where enacted, has scarcely increased supply, and other alternatives, such as allowing donors to sell their organs, raise strong moral objections. In light of this, some have advocated for a policy of conscription of cadaveric organs (Spital & Erin, 2002). This involves removing organs from the recently deceased without first obtaining consent of the donor or his or her family. Proponents of this policy argue that conscription would not only vastly increase the number of available organs, and hence save many lives, but that it is also more efficient and less costly than policies requiring prior consent. Finally, because with a conscription policy allpeople would share the burden of providing organs after death and all would stand to benefit should the need arise, the policy is fair and just.Demonstration of ProficiencyBy successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and scoring guide criteria:Competency 1: Articulate ethical issues in health care. Articulate the moral concerns surrounding a policy of organ conscription.Articulate questions about the fairness and justness of organ conscription policy.Explain the relevance and significance of the concept of consent as it pertains to organ donation.Evaluate alternative policies for increasing available donor organs.Competency 5: Communicate in a manner that is scholarly, professional, and respectful of the diversity, dignity, and integrity of others and is consistent with health care professionals. Exhibit proficiency in clear and effective academic writing skills.ReferencesMunson, R. (2014). Intervention and reflection: Basic issues in bioethics (concise ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.Spital, A., & Erin, C. (2002). Conscription of cadaveric organs for transplantation: Let’s at least talk about it. American Journal of Kidney Disease, 39(3), 611–615.InstructionsDo you consider the policy of organ conscription to be morally sound?Write a paper that answers this question, defending that answer with cogent moral reasoning and supporting your view with ethical theories or moral principles you take to be most relevant to the issue. In addition to reviewing the suggested resources, you are encouraged to locate additional resources in the Capella library, your public library, or authoritative online sites to provide additional support for your viewpoint. Be sure to weave and cite the resources throughout your work.In your paper, address the following:On what grounds could one argue that consent is not ethically required for conscription of cadaveric organs? And on what grounds could one argue that consent is required?Is the policy truly just and fair, as supporters claim? Explain.Do you consider one of the alternative policies for increasing available donor organs that Munson discusses to be preferable to conscription? Explain why or why not.Submission RequirementsWritten communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting guidelines.Length: 2–3 typed, double-spaced pages.Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.
PHI 3200 CU Organs Robbing the Dead Is Organ Conscription Ethical Discussion

Four distinct stages, planning, design, construction and completion

Four distinct stages, planning, design, construction and completion. The construction life cycle of a project has four distinct stages, planning, design, construction and completion (Cushman et al 2001). Management planning should be instigated at the start and developed through the project stages. Effective communication is essential to the management process, so that essential data can be shared and used to manage a scheme (Chitkara 1998). A successful project is, on time, within budget and to the client’s aesthetic, functional and quality requirements. It is more likely to be profitable and could lead to procurement of further work (Flanagan and Norman 1993). Westland (2007) argues that a number of separate but inter-related plans are required to effectively co-ordinate, control and monitor a project through its life cycle. Each deal with separate management issues but are closely inter-related (Woodward 1997). A project plan details the activities, tasks and timeframes of a project. It highlights critical and non-critical activities. A resource plan is based on the project plan; using the detailed design and specification, with knowledge of construction materials, equipment and manpower; it forecasts the labour, equipment and materials required for each activity and task. Statistics show that the construction industry had approximately 28% more bankruptcies than other industry in 2010 (Construction Europe 2010). A major cause of bankruptcy is inadequate cash flow resources. Monitoring cash flow is important to ensure that the contractor has sufficient funds or credit to cover his financial obligations (Harris et al 2006). A financial plan must include monitoring cash flow by means of resources costs, interim and final payments received and paid out (Westland 2007). Quality must be planned and monitored with targets, assurances and quality control measures to ensure the client is handed a functional scheme that satisfies all design and planning regulations (Chitkara 1998). Construction is inherently a dangerous industry. Statistics show that there is an unacceptable rate of 2.2 deaths per 100,000 in construction, compared with 0.9 for manufacturing ( ). A project health and safety plan will minimise accidents and casualty rates. It is likely that a project will encounter problems during its life cycle. The impact of these problems will depend on the hazard involved; however a problem once presented must be dealt with and this takes, time, effort and money (FlanaganFour distinct stages, planning, design, construction and completion

Shampoo Market Consumers Buying Behaviour Marketing Essay

best essay writers Preface This research is prepared for the purpose of gaining a better understanding on the factors influencing the consumers’ buying behaviour. The shampoo market is chosen as the field of study on the consumers’ buying behaviour because everyone needs shampoo to wash their hair so anyone could be the respondents of my survey. The age of the respondents in this survey ranges from 18 years and above. The questionnaire constructed is based on the factors influencing the buying behaviour which are the social factors, the personal factors and the psychological factors. The social factors referred to reference groups and family whereas, the personal factors referred to age, occupation and lifestyle. Lastly, psychological factors referred to motivation, perception and beliefs and attitudes. [1] This survey is carried out around Penang Island which includes housing estates, shopping malls and coffee shops within the period of two weeks. This survey targeted 100 respondents and was given self-administrated survey questionnaires to be filled up. The respondents can either be male or female in the Penang state. During the period of the survey, it was not easy to get respondents as many of them were not willing to reveal their personal information. There were also respondents that are helpful and responsive in making this survey a success. The approximation of systematic sampling method is used in this research. All the data was collected at different times and the time frame to gather all the data is within the period of 2 weeks. The tabulation of the data was done using Microsoft Excel. Besides that, illustration of the information in the form of pie charts and bar charts using Microsoft Excel enables readers to have a better understanding of the report instead of reading the whole report in forms of words and figures. The Purpose of This Research Consumers’ buying behaviour is affecting the purchasing power of the consumers. There are several factors that influence the consumers’ buying behaviour. In order to indentify these factors, a research on the shampoo market was carried out. In addition to that, a better understanding on the factors influencing consumers’ buying behaviour will be gained after completing this research. “This is the perpetual and pitiful tragedy of the practical man in practical affairs. He always begins with a flourish of contempt for what he calls theorizing and what people who can do it call thinking. He will not wait for logic–that is, in the most exact sense, he will not listen to reason. It will therefore appear to him an idle and ineffectual proceeding to say that there is a reason for his present failure. Nevertheless, it may be well to say it, and to try and make it clear even to him.” Gilbert Keith Chesterton [2] Why I Choose Shampoo Market As The Topic of The Survey? Shampoo is chosen as the topic of this survey because shampoo had become the part of our lives. Shampoo is used to remove oils, dirt, dandruff, skin particles, environmental pollutants and other contaminant particles that gradually build up in the hair. [3] Besides that, it is also easy to get respondents to this survey as everyone uses shampoo and there are also an increasing number of consumers who are very concern about their hair. How This Research Is Carried Out? This research is carried out in the form of survey. In order to carry out the survey, questionnaires were constructed and distributed in Penang Island. The survey is carried out in shopping complexes, housing estates and coffee shops. The Structure of The Questionnaire The questionnaire constructed is based on the factors that affect the consumers’ buying behaviour. Refer to the appendix for sample of the questionnaire. The first four questions in the questionnaire are constructed based on the personal factors. The first question is about the gender, followed by the age, employment status and lastly, the monthly income of the respondent. The fifth question is about the current brand of the shampoo used by the respondent. The first four questions will determine the choice of shampoo chosen by respondent as the first four questions are the manipulating variables and the responding variable is the choice of shampoo. There is a combination of social factors and psychological factors in question six. The purchasing decision is made by the family member, friends’ recommendation and good research and development (R

U of Western Australia Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility Questions

U of Western Australia Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility Questions.

Do the following:1.• You should take the main company case Nestle and make a critical discussion/presentation theoretical proposition 2 of the main seminar article (see underneath). For example What is the financial performance of Nestle? What earns the CEO? In which operating environment acts Nestle? Etc….Is Propostion 2 aligned with the Company Nestle? Or is it the opposite? Or is it indifferent?Proposition 2: “Corporations will be less likely to act in socially responsible ways if there is either too much or too little competition. That is, the relationship between competition and socially responsible corporate behavior will be curvilinear.”• You should scrutinize the landscape of the main company Nestle ( and its information disclosed not only on its website. It is important to gather further information (e.g. scandals, inconsistencies) which can be “detected” in the web and/or other articles (e.g. Wall Street Journal articles) or press releases or other academic articles.• Use at least 4-5 academic articles • Report should be at least 1500 words• Structure of the repost should be: 1) Explanation of the proposition 2) Background information of the company 3) Analysis proposition and the company behavior• Reference list, page numbers, your name, the title of your work should be obeyed2. Write a discussion question on proposition 4 and 6
U of Western Australia Theory of Corporate Social Responsibility Questions

MGT 311 SEU Exponential Smoothing Over Moving Average & Weighted Moving Average Ques

MGT 311 SEU Exponential Smoothing Over Moving Average & Weighted Moving Average Ques.

I’m working on a management case study and need support to help me understand better.

– no plagiarism . no match please. -student must mention question number clearly in their answer -Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. -All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism). Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions. All answered must be typed using Times New Roman (size 12, double-spaced) font. No pictures containing text will be accepted and will be considered plagiarism). advised to make their work clear and well presented, marks may be reduced for poor presentation. This includes filling your information on the cover page. must mention question number clearly in their answer.
MGT 311 SEU Exponential Smoothing Over Moving Average & Weighted Moving Average Ques