HIST 115 GCCCD In Argentina the Next Generation Finds Its Voice Report.
I’m working on a history report and need guidance to help me understand better.
THIS REVIEW IS TO BE AT LEAST 3-4 PAGES AND CORRESPONDS TO SOUTH AMERICA, SUCH AS ARGENTINA, CHILE, BRAZIL, ECUADOR, ETC. PLEASE USE BOTH A TITLE PAGE AND A WORKS CITED PAGE (NEITHER OF THESE PAGES COUNT TOWARD YOUR 3-4 PAGES OF TEXT).IN YOUR WORKS CITED PAGE, COMPOSE YOUR ARTICLE ENTRY IN A FORMAT LIKE THIS:SCHRADER, STUART, “FROM POLICE REFORM TO POLICE REPRESSION: 50 YEARS AFTER AN ASSASSINATION,” NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS WEBSITE (AUGUST 10, 2020).IN TERMS OF THE CONTENT OF EACH REPORT, I AM LOOKING FOR TWO MAIN POINTS OF DISCUSSION. FIRST, YOU SHOULD DEVOTE THE FIRST HALF OF THE REPORT TO A SUMMARY OF THE MAIN POINTS IN THE ARTICLE THAT YOU SELECTED. TO HELP YOU TO ADDRESS THIS ISSUE, CONSIDER SOME OF THESE QUESTIONS: WHAT IS THE MAIN ISSUE BEING DISCUSSED? (I.E. IMMIGRATION, ELECTIONS, EDUCATION, ENVIRONMENT, WOMEN’S ISSUES, CRIME, ETC.) WHO ARE THE MAIN PERSONALITIES MENTIONED IN THE ARTICLE? (I.E. MEXICAN PRESIDENT ANDRES MANUEL LOPEZ OBRADOR, PRESIDENT BIDEN, VICE-PRESIDENT HARRIS, FORMER PRESIDENT TRUMP, ETC.) HOW DOES THE ISSUE AFFECT THE PEOPLE OF THE COUNTRY MENTIONED IN THE ARTICLE? DOES THE ISSUE HAVE ANY CONNECTION WITH UNITED STATES INTERESTS? WHAT DO YOU THINK COULD BE THE BEST SOLUTION TO RESOLVE THIS PROBLEM?AND FOR THE SECOND POINT OF DISCUSSION, PLEASE ANALYZE THE ARTICLE THAT YOU SELECTED AND PRESENT YOUR POINT OF VIEW ON THE STORY. FOR EXAMPLE, HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THE STORY? HOW DID THIS ARTICLE CONTRIBUTE TO YOUR UNDERSTANDING ABOUT MODERN LATIN AMERICA? AND WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT THE AUTHOR’S PERSPECTIVE ON THE ARTICLE? HOW DOES THIS TOPIC RELATE TO CONTEMPORARY POLITICAL, ECONOMIC OR CULTURAL THEMES IN THE UNITED STATES TODAY?article: https://nacla.org/news/2020/05/11/argentina-next-g…
UWG Module 4 Role of the Project Manager Discussion and Responses.
HIST 115 GCCCD In Argentina the Next Generation Finds Its Voice Report
Instructions Heagney Chapters 9 & 10 will be used to guide module 4 discussion.Initial Discussion PostAfter actively reading and reflecting on the assigned module readings and videos, your task in this Discussion assignment is to draw from all module material, to initiate a meaningful, substantive, well-thought out, concise, and in-depth discussion.Keep in mind that a substantive discussion posting is expected to satisfy following three requirements:Task One (Chapter Summary)Summarize the key points of Heagney, Chapters 9 & 10Task Two (“Key Points to Remember”)Substantially discuss ONE of the “Key Points to Remember” (Heagney, Pages 124 & 139). Your discussion must be original and articulate your understanding of your selected “Key Point to Remember”. Using external sources/research beyond the chapter to bolster your understanding is highly encouraged.Task Three (Cross Referencing)Cross reference any ONE “Key Points to Remember” to the corresponding additional assigned module material including videos, case studies, and PMBOK. For instance, in Module One (this discussion),the corresponding PMBOK chapter is Chapter One, and the videos are: Introduction to Project Management” and “Top Ten Terms Project Manager Use”.Avoid plagiarism! If you quote, copy-and-paste, or reference class or outside materials be sure to use quotes as appropriate, include the author’s name by the quote, and include a reference section at the bottom of the page.Your initial discussion post must be in three paragraphs (refer format above), with a word count between 400-500 words.ResponsesOnce you have completed your initial post, you review all discussion postings in the the discussion board, then respond to at least TWO of your classmate’s initial postings. With a minimum word count of at least 100 words, your responses MUST be substantial and reflective. Please avoid those “one-sentence” or “cliche-responses” (I like your post….I agree….you did a good job, etc.). For instance, if you agree, tell us what you agreeing to, and why?I WILL NEED THE FIRST POST BY 10:00PM November 4thI WILL NEED RESPONSES BY 10:00PM November 5th
International Operations Management Of Coca Cola Business Essay. The soft drink industry in India has two major players, Pepsi and Coke. Besides these there are some local players at different market, operating with different market share. But they are not a big threat to the market share of either Pepsi or Coke. However as of now the two big names in cola industry are only two top U.S. players Pepsi and Coke and the fight for acquiring the market is always going between these two players and the Cola industry has along seen a COLD WAR between these two players to acquire the market share. That means one company gains at the cost of the other. One of the main characteristics of the Cola industry is the absence of loyalty and it is consumed mainly on impulse. The CSD (Carbonated Soft Drinks) industry mainly Coca cola has channel through which it reaches the end consumer. They are Production — Plant Warehouse — Depot Warehouse — Distribution Warehouse — Retail Stock — Retail Shelf — Consumer The main reasons behind its business growth and business success are the quality product that they sale to their consumers. So, quality remains key priority for the success of the soft drink industry. Hence, Operation management is very important function of organization and quality management is key aspect of it. The report in hand is the assessment of international operations management of Coca-Cola. The report is structured essentially into five parts. In the first part, quality management portion of Coca-Cola’s is assessed with the help of Fishbone Diagram. In the second part, design review (product design)of Coca-Cola is assessed with the help of fault tree analysis (FTA). In the third part, Total Quality Management (TQM) of Coca-Cola is assessed with the help of Quality Management System(QMS). In the fourth part inventory management of Coca-Cola is assessed.In the final and fifth part, capacity managementof Coca-Cola is assessed. The report is the combination of discussing concepts, theories and theoretical models specified in relation to quality management, review design, quality management system and inventory management, and capacity management. INTRODUCTION Operations Management is present in many occupations as well as those of manufacturing and service industries. I believe it to be present in daily duties of any person although they may never notice. With this in mind I see operations management as a skill anyone has with an aim of achieving an outcome of something they are working towards in a logical process with thought of awareness of a system structure. Operations management has been around for some time yet it was Christopher Polhelm (Sweden) first recognised a skill and recorded that ‘Nothing increases demand so much as low prices. Therefore there is a great need of machines and appliances which will diminish the amount or intensity of heavy work’ (Extract from text book Operations Management – supplied by DMU for open learning please see bibliography) this was around 1700. There are cases in many history books and stories passed down that operations management was present before this yet not identified as operations management. From 1700 business development has grew significantly and seems to have been a notable point of operations management to present day. Operation management is depending upon five performance objectives i.e. Quality, Flexibility, Cost, Speed and dependability. Coca-Cola, the product that has given the world its best-known taste was born in Atlanta, Georgia, on May 8, 1886. Coca-Cola is the foremost drink company in the world and manufactures, markets, and distributes of nonalcoholic drinkwith having about 500 beverage brands. The company manufactures and distributes sodas, waters, fruit juice, teas and coffees and energy drinks. With the help of the world’s principaldrink distribution system, consumers in more than 200 countries consume the company’s drinks with over 1.6 billion servings every day, the Coca-Cola system has successfully applied a simple formula on a global scale: “Provide a moment of refreshment for a small amount of money- a billion times a day.” The Coca-Cola Company and its network of bottlers comprise the most sophisticated and pervasive production and distribution system in the world. More than anything, that system is dedicated to people working long and hard to sell the products manufactured by the Company. This unique worldwide system has made The Coca-Cola Company the world’s premier soft-drink enterprise. From Boston to Beijing, from Montreal to Moscow, Coca-Cola, more than any other consumer product, has brought pleasure to thirsty consumers around the globe. For more than 115 years, Coca-Cola has created a special moment of pleasure for hundreds of millions of people every day. The Company aims at increasing shareowner value over time. It accomplishes this by working with its business partners to deliver satisfaction and value to consumers through a worldwide system of superior brands and services, thus increasing brand equity on a global basis. They aim at managing their business well with people who are strongly committed to the Company values and culture and providing an appropriately controlled environment, to meet business goals and objectives. The associates of this Company jointly take responsibility to ensure compliance with the framework of policies and protect the Company’s assets and resources whilst limiting business risks. Source: http://www.corporateinformation.com MANUFACTURING PROCESS Coca-Cola guarantees the best quality of its drinks by means of putting into application internationally established and validated manufacturing processes. Source: Annual Report (2010) Source: Annual Report (2010) The location for Coca-Cola’s manufacturing plants is confirmed just after the source water has been examined for every supplies of drinkable water, where the analysis is all the time carried out by sovereign third party ascribed laboratories. The source water is after that correctly protected and re-tested occasionally to make sure that it matches to global standards. The water is after that drawn in the course of conserved pipelines into the storage tanks positioned in secured water treatment areas of the manufacturing plant.The company as well has a well-built interior audit system that monitors observance to global and local standards, where the manufacturing facilities are as well audited throughascribedexterior audit agencies that verify the quality management standard. QUALITY MANAGEMENT Conventionally, theories of quality management extended independent from the type of functional environment, industry or technology linked. However , based on the opinion of theory of contingency it fixes that a o firm should align itself with functional environment in order to achieve superior output (Dale, 2003). The traditional strategy of manufacture supports that the functional output is maximized when general, operation-based management and competency of quality, delivery, flexibility and cost is exchanged (Anand and Ward,2004). Nevertheless, these general competitive competences could be followed simultaneously beginning from the adaptation of quality. The results linked to the industries of high technology support the example that the growth of general competency of manufacture does not need to weight essentially with other. Consequently, the continuation of total quality is considered as initial strategy for the various operation-base faculties and the general firm output. The research literature relating to operations management proposes the existence of different practice in the different industries because the unique operational environment that they face and the need for the arrangement. This uniqueness in each operational environment of industry, by opinion expectations of customers, competition, and change of technology is expected in order to it creates the different occasions and the threats for each industry. Consequently, the different corporate and strategies of manufacture between the industrial sectors should be expected (Brown, 2006). The measurements of quality may well vary in number or identity from an industry to other. The comprehension of these differences in the different industries could help the management in each industry to adopt the suitable approaches in the application of quality practices. As far as soft drink industry, the quality management is more imperative and sensitive considering the use of drinking water and chemical products. So a genuine and high rate quality management is indispensible for soft drinks industry. Obviously, the quality management of Coca -Cola should be assessed from this perspective. Prior to assessing the quality management system of Coca -Cola with the help of a suitable model, it would be worth to throw some light on quality vision of the company. Figure 2: Quality Vision of India Source: Annual Report (2010) For Coca-Cola, the company promises that it has the solo one quality system in its entire global operation. The company quality vision is concerns to endeavor to convenethe ever-changing desires of the world, where preserving quality process in the market is the highest business objective of the company. Moreover, the company emphasizes that customer and consumer satisfaction is the focus of its quality vision, where company wishes to behave as a responsible citizen wherever it operates. From the quality vision of Coca-Cola it comes out that the company not only implements an exclusive quality management system, but as well isflexible to cope with the changes in setting quality standards. Let us asses the quality management of Coca-Cola through Fishbone Diagram. The Fishbone Diagram which also called Cause-Effect Diagram and developed by Ishikawa is conventionallymade use fordiscovering causes of predicaments that may well be involved to whatever to display a graded set of drivers that controlthe element to which it is involved. In this course of action, it may well beutilized forexplanation, investigation and extension of anextensivearray of diagrams, directing to an enhancement in the acknowledgement and communication of the diagram.A Fishbone Diagram in fact is essentially a modestmethod of demonstrating a grading and this is just a realistictrick utilized to help out fit new-fangled text in around currenttranscript, where the utilization of a grading is asignificantdeliberationas it recognizes that causes are not modest, with every cause generally being created and caused by one or more additional causes(http://syque.com/quality_tools/tools). Figure 3: Fishbone Diagram and Coca-Cola Fishbone Diagram analysis for Coca-Cola demonstrates that the majority of the problems that come out in relation to the quality of the products is because of the neglect of the people or staff , where people of not being trained and well skilled is the problem. Moreover, while the products that the company is manufacturing are consumable items exceptional care is expected that they are disinfected and do not create any health threats. This is for the reason that a minor neglect in relation to the company might direct to stark situations in relation to the health problem and therefore eventually might be calamitous to the life of the company and they might even end up dropping the license. In addition, the management too has to be alerted to this cause and has to guarantee that the work process of the firm requires to be altered as there are dodges in the process, and the dodgers are such that they caused slip-ups for the company. Hence, it is recommended that Coca-Cola ought to guarantee thatevery one of its people or staff are appropriately trained formerly they develop portion of the manufacturing and operational team of the company. Moreover, the company ought guarantee that the machines that arefunctional in the manufacturing and purifying of water ought be the finest of quality, where increasingly high quality apparatuses prerequisite to be brought to exam the existence of microbes and additional such party and at the lowermost likely echelon. Last but not the least, the management of Coca-Cola necessitates to include more ranks of quality checks and guarantee that there is severely monitoring at every rank. DESIGN REVIEW The tools itemized exist in order to helpparticipating a design review in the achievement of their objective. The tools are created for two distinct operations: evaluation of new significances and control of running drawing. The tools of evaluation and choice of drawing are used in order to they determine and they appreciate the most suitable solution of drawing that is created at the duration of new processes of production of drawing or idea. A uterus that allows the systematic estimate of drawings based on the adaptations in the certain requirements is a example of tool of evaluation (Ullman 2003). Participating design review can be mentioned or be distributed in various limits such as geographic, organisational, and time. While the distribution can be sought or essential it achieves an ideal combination of experience in the team, the dissemination can also make also the adoration diverse or costly in order to realizethisadvantage of experience. These experts can include the customer of product, the constitutive suppliers, the team of growth, and the constructional team. A solution in this problem of distribution is used the tool of communication (Wetmore 2004). The teams of design ofproducts that are constituted by the individuals with the different experience communicate continuously in the all process of realization, specifically at the duration of official collaborative revisions of drawing. The individuals with the essential experience for the address draw the revisions can be distributed in the diverse geographic places that requires or the expensive travel or the new tools of communication in order to imitate onsite the collaborative communication (Wetmore 2004). The elementaryplan of product design at Coca-Cola has had been modest, tangible and continuing, whilst the company carry refreshment, worth, happiness and fun to the consumers and therefore the design vision is focused towards effectivelyfoster and protect products, where the operative team behind long lasting set up at Coca Cola has had been at the core of the product philosophy satisfying a responsibility to deliver time after time gorgeousreimbursement to the prices. Though,CocaCola is facing the problem to make a balance of its core product design vision and the changing trends. Therefore, the company offers likelyvisions into potentials for and glitches of learning from fragments of product design process and implementation. For Wetmore (2004), design review is carried out for screening and confirming product quality, sturdiness, and conformance to customer-speci¬ed role, where two sorts of design reviews are highlighted namely selective and evaluative. Notably selective reviews in the forms of customer-based metrics, are utilized to selectamong options presented, an evaluation tools, in the form of failure modes e¬€ectsanalysis (FMEA) and fault tree analysis (FTA). FTA is a deep-rootedapproach that links to compacted theories in the forms of Boolean logic and Probability Theory, where the former applies to making use of to ease the fault tree construction into the groupings of proceedingsdirecting to fiasco of the scheme, usually interpreted as negligibleexpurgatedcircles, numerous of which are characteristicallylocated; the latter is functional to controllikelihoods that the system will nose-divethroughout a specific mission, or is unobtainable at a specificperiod in time, assumed the likelihood of the particular proceedings. Moreover, likelihoods are measured for particular negligibleexpurgatedcircles, creating the foundation for their position by rankinrelation to their dependability and securityeffect(http://www.reliabilityeducation.com). Figure 4: FTA and Coca-Cola Source: http://www.reliabilityeducation.com As per the figure the top rank proceeding ought to be labeledexactly, where elucidating the top proceeding too approximatelydirects to a flexible tree, demonstrating no particular cause or causes for catastrophe. Likewise, elucidating the top proceeding too barelydirects to likely cause oversights. Here FTA necessitates comprisingentire likelyflaws, faults or failures existing in the system that mightcreate safety threats or dependability problems. Therefore hardware, software, and human elements of the system ought to beencompassed in the FTA.Putting into application a manual assessment process that is both untrustworthy and time severe, where the application of FTA may well serve up as a troubleshooting device that might as well control the root cause of likely problems for Coca-Cola. The company should acknowledge that a comprehensible oversight system may well be functional to advance Coca-Cola’s upkeep package and will help out the company workers recognize the adding factors to a system catastrophe whilst restricting forthcoming events. TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT TQM is an approach in the improvement of effectiveness and the flexibility of enterprise globally, that covers the requirements of customers and exterior and internal in the firm (Oakland, 2003). It is substantially a way and entire the firm, every one department, each individual person in each level. Oakland (2003) takes a mix and hard and soft approaches and it portrays TQM as pyramid that represents five distinct components included managerial obligation, chain customer-supplier, quality systems, statistical tools of control of activity, and common work. As the new millennium advances, TQM is expected in order to it matures in a phase of faculty of support in order to it supports a catholic operational strategy. These critical factors of success will vary so that are adapted the changes in the environment where the companies function. Despite the make that TQM the initiatives have been recognized by way of a lot of firms as capable the qualitative culture and the competitiveness, the new initiatives or the improved publications they are proposed to them in order to maintain TQM the courage and competence of support. TQM of Coca-Cola is intended to inspire and distinguishrealapplication of environmental management system and this attainment has had been made conceivable by the plant’s devotion to company’s TQM program named The Coca-Cola Quality System (TCCQS). TCCQS includes management system (Total Quality) ranging environment management and supplementary business featuresin the forms Safety and Loss Prevention (SLP), product quality, packaging quality,processes capability upgrading and customer satisfaction. The accounting of Quality Management System (QMS) is one from the quality tools in order to it helps the firm in order to improve the qualitative output. They are usually used in the effort to be located, to maintain itself and is improved the QMS. So that is achieved the intended various aspect of result of need of auditing to be examined. Karapetrovic and Willborn (2000) propose that the effectiveness auditing it can be measured so that is improved the effectiveness of auditing. The model of measurement of QMS is based the calculation of probability of availability, reliability and appropriateness of auditing. The auditing should aim at feasible so is feasible and each one aware from ton. Each process of auditing is programmed and it is a system that aimed in the continuous improvement. While the resources of auditing as the probative material they are critical they make sure that the staffs has the suitable knowledge relative with the types of QMS functions. Figure 5: Quality Management System of Coca-Cola The Coca-Cola QMS promotes the adoption of approach of process at growth, the application, and the improvement of effectiveness of system of qualitative management. This approach offers the running control of contact stuck between the processes in itsclassification of procedures, with that of the combination and their interaction. In consequence, the company is in position covers up the requirements of customers and consumers and thus, they strengthen their satisfaction. The company builds up an operational drawing that examines objectives and that promote the continuous improvement of the operational set up and the effectiveness of QMS. This comprises of the determination of metric that allows the control of output against the objectives. The objectives and metric should be argued. The leading management of each operational set up in the company is accountable for the guarantee that the operational drawing is corresponded in the each and every oneemployee. The each and every one employee is responsible for the comprehension of operational drawing, his objectives and metric so that they help with the realization of design. The leading management of each operational set up unit is named a member of management as pioneer QMS. Nevertheless, the leading management of Coca-Cola should ensure that the suitable processes of communication are established in the set up and that the communication is realize with regard to the effectiveness of QMS. Further, the leading management of unit Coca-Cola should revise the QMS in programmed intervals in order to ensure the suitable application, the appropriateness, sufficiency, efficiency, and effectiveness. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT Because the mounting force for the eve competitive in the overall market, that optimizes the inventories beyond the supply the chain has turned out to be an important dispute for the industries of process in order todrop off the expenses and in order to improve the service of customers. This challenge requires the management of inventories with the drawing of networks of chains of supply, so the decisions with regard to the places in order to they provide the list and the relative sum of list in each place of feminine socks can are determined all together for the lower cost and the highest level of services of customers. Nevertheless, the completion is usually nontrivial for the chains of supply of level and their relative systems of inventories presence of uncertain requirements of customers. The administrative problem of inventories of level has been studied extensively in past enough decades (Daskin et al, 2002). Nevertheless, the bigger part of literature of inventories examines only the optimization of decisions of inventories without their incorporation with in the drawing of chains of supply and planning of decisions. Simpson studied initially the control of system of inventories of level on a partial chain of supply. In that document, Simpson proposes the guaranteed approach of services in order to describe the engineers of partial system of inventories, in which each stage functions a political base-reserve despite the accidental but marginal requirement. Meanwhile, the guaranteed approach of services, that is based on the idea of biggest time benefit of services in each place of inventories, has drawn more attention because competence for the calculation for the systems of inventories of big scale. The graves planned that the quandary from Simpson possibly will untie itself as full of life agenda (Magnanti et al, 2006). Operation managers are concerned with three types of inventories, first is a raw material inventory includes materials that will be part of the product during the production process, second is the works in progress inventory consists of partially completed products, and third is finished goods inventory consists of completed goods. And this each inventory includes holding cost or storage cost and the cost of running out of inventory. So, inventory control is essential because it is the process of managing inventories in such a way help to minimize inventory cost such as holding cost and potential stock out cost. For cost effective and efficient inventory management Coca-Cola implements Just In Time(JIT) which an inventory management tool that directs to cutting the costs and to fastening the ¬‚ow of final products to customer, where adopting this tool the company has benefits entailing advancing performance measures, offering more precise and suitable measures for pricing decision-making, justifying production costs, and selecting the best production combination , and taking on an exact system for inventory control at the side of a high rate information system. However, it is recommended that Coca-Cola JIT based inventory management should be well equipped with full synchronization flanked by productivity on the one hand, and dealers on the other hand.The JIT vision of Coca-Cola ought to be manufacturing and delivering the essential items in looked-for quantities at the compulsory time and this vision as well ought to be continuous improvement in which non-value-adding activities are recognized and detached. Although no doubt that just in time based inventory management system in place, but the company should co-ordinate the productivity on one hand and dealers on the other hand. Because company sometimes face the problem in manufacturing plant of which it sometimes ran out of the company’s familiar red and white aluminum cans as an impact of this which can result in . So, company dependent on supplier for the basic inventory which is needed for their finished product. Because of this company should take in to consideration that co- ordination between productivity and dealers is essential CAPACITY MANAGEMENT Capacity characteristically illustrates competences in operations management which is usual to mull over a system of a variety of processing resources, as well termed as a processing network (Atamtürk and Hochbaum, 2001). Rajagopalan and Swaminathan (2001) extend a multiproduct setting where demand for products is recognized and mounting steadily while capacity accompaniments are distinct in terms of brand name and product portfolio. The capacity management of Coca-Cola is examined below. Figure 6: Capacity Management and Coca -Cola Source: Annual Report (2010) Coca-Cola is noteworthy case illustration of companies who productively leveraged core competencies towards spreading out into new-fangled markets whilst recognizing when to take advantage of and reduce the risks entailed in business. The capacity management in terms of product level of Coca-Cola is controlled through actual product, core product and augmented product. Through this capacity management, the company is capable to pull economies of scale, spread out into fresh markets,and defend their core brands with that of warding off the likelihood of cannibalization.However, in order to most excellently inflate its worldwide product mix it is prudent to carry on undertaking what the company is doing best in the past, where Coca-Cola is recommended to take on a less risky and more money-making staged expansion focused on brand name and quality. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS The report concludes that the measurements of quality may well vary in number or identity from an industry to other. The comprehension of these differences in the different industries could help the management in each industry to adopt the suitable approaches in the application of quality practices. As far as soft drink industry, the quality management is more imperative and sensitive considering the use of drinking water and chemical products. So a genuine and high rate quality management is indispensible for soft drinks industry. Obviously, the quality management of Coca-Cola should be assessed from this perspective. Prior to assessing the quality management system of Coca -Cola with the help of a suitable model, it would be worth to throw some light on quality vision of the company. Coca-Cola ought to guarantee that every one of its people or staff are appropriately trained formerly they develop portion of the manufacturing and operational team of the company. Moreover, the company ought guarantee that the machines that are functional in the manufacturing and purifying of water ought be the finest of quality, where increasingly high quality apparatuses prerequisite to be brought to exam the existence of microbes and additional such party and at the lowermost likely echelon. Last but not the least, the management of Coca-Cola necessitates to include more ranks of quality checks and guarantee that there is severely monitoring at every rank. The elementary plan of product design at Coca-Cola has had been modest, tangible and continuing, whilst the company carry refreshment, worth, happiness and fun to the consumers and therefore the design vision is focused towards effectively foster and protect products.Though Coca Cola is facing the problem to make a balance of its core product design vision and the changing trends. Therefore, the company offers likely visions into potentials for and glitches of learning from fragments of product design process and implementation.The company should acknowledge that a comprehensible oversight system may well be functional to advance Coca-Cola’s upkeep package and will help out the company workers recognize the adding factors to a system catastrophe whilst restricting forthcoming events.TQM of Coca-Cola is intended to inspire and distinguish real application of environmental management system and this attainment has had been made conceivable by the plant’s devotion to company’s TQM program named TCCQS.The leading management of Coca -Cola should ensure that the suitable processes of communication are established in the set up and that the communication is realize with regard to the effectiveness of QMS. Further, the leading management of unit Coca-Cola should revise the QMS in programmed intervals in order to ensure thesuitable application, the appropriateness, sufficiency, efficiency, and effectiveness.For cost effective and efficient inventory management Coca-Cola implements JIT which an inventory management tool that directs to cutting thecosts and to fastening the ¬‚ow of final products to customer, where adopting this tool the company has benefits entailing advancing performance measures, offering more precise and suitable measures for pricing decision-making. However, it is recommended that Coca-Cola JIT based inventory management should be well equipped with full synchronization flanked by productivity on the one hand, and dealers on the other hand.Last but not the least, the capacity management in terms of product level of Coca-Cola is controlled through actual product, core product and augmented product. Through this capacity management, the company is capable to pull economies of scale, spread out into fresh markets, and defend their core brands with that of warding off the likelihood of cannibalization. However, in order to most excellently inflate its worldwide product mix it is prudent to carry on undertaking what the company is doing best in the past, where Coca-Cola is recommended to take on a less risky and more money-making staged expansion focused on brand name and quality. International Operations Management Of Coca Cola Business Essay
PHC 151 Saudi Electronic Health Effects of Poor Housing Conditions Essay.
UWG Module 4 Role of the Project Manager Discussion and Responses
Guidelines for Assignment Submission:undefinedStart Date: 31/ 1 / 2021undefinedEnd Date: 11/ 2 / 2022undefinedThe Student must write 250 – 300 wordThe Assignment file should be in “MS Word” documentThe font size should be “12”The font type should be “Times New Roman”The “Heading” and “Sub Heading” should be Bold The text color should be “Black”The text line spacing should be “1.5” The running text should be “Justified” and “Proper Alignment”The answers and text should not be repeat and copy from other students. It should be follow the “Plagiarism Rules”The Text concerned proper ”References”
PHC 151 Saudi Electronic Health Effects of Poor Housing Conditions Essay
Writer’s Choice. Paper details In this activity, you will watch Pierre Bourdieu: Theory of Capital (Social and Cultural Capital) YouTube video (9 min 53 sec) Write a summary of Bourdieu’s theory of social capital and its application in community building and organizing. Be sure to answer these questions in your response: How can institutional cultural capital be utilized to advance community efforts? Can you give examples of objectified cultural capital? Institutional cultural capital? Here is an additional resource to help you with this activity. Huang, X. (2019). Understanding Bourdieu-Cultural Capital and Habitus. Rev. Eur. Stud., 11, 45. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/335024564_Understanding_Bourdieu_-_Cultural_Capital_and_HabitusWriter’s Choice
Interpersonal Communication and Performance Appraisal Proposal
best essay writers Abstract Interpersonal communication is critical to any organization. It helps to strengthen the relations between subordinates and their supervisors. Communication also helps supervisors communicate the performance of the employees concerning the expectations of the company and also in comparison to their peers. This study will sample both supervisors and subordinates of XYZ Company. It will evaluate the effects of interpersonal communication skills on performance appraisals. Keywords Performance appraisals, interpersonal communication skills Description of the Project The broad objective of this study will be to determine the effect of interpersonal communication skills on performance appraisals. This study will view interpersonal communication from the perspective of supervisors and subordinates. Statement of the Problem Developing valuable ways of performance management of major employees has become the basis of organizational development in the past few years. There are several studies which have been conducted relating to managerial performance. These studies often concentrate on the technical elements, and hence there is limited work on understanding behavioural aspects. This research attempts to study the effects of interpersonal communication, which is a behavioural aspect of performance appraisals. Basic Objectives The study intends: To find out the extent of supervisor and subordinate interpersonal communication at XYZ Company. To assess the various communication patterns and how they impact the performance appraisals. Research Questions The following research questions will guide the research: What is the extent of supervisor and subordinate interpersonal communication at XYZ Company? What are the various communication patterns within the organization, and how do they impact the performance appraisals? Literature Review Earlier researches on performance appraisals focused on technical measurement elements. This was followed by studies on the cognitive aspects of performance appraisals. Recent studies focus on understanding behavioural aspects such as interpersonal communication. According to Liden and Mitchell (1988), good interpersonal communication has a direct impact on performance. Further, good interpersonal communication skills lead to better performance and high productivity within the organization. Studies have shown that positive interpersonal communication skills by subordinates positively impact the ratings by the supervisor. The studies that support this finding have been cross-sectional and conclude that interpersonal communication has a lasting effect that will influence the performance ratings in the long run (Denisi et al., 1997). Basic Information Sources The researcher will use both primary and secondary sources of data. Primary data will be obtained from self-administered questionnaires. Secondary data will be gathered from books, journals, web-based documents and any other published materials. The researcher will mainly focus on documents published by the company to form a strong case for the study. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Research Strategy and Methodology The methodology will discuss how the research will be conducted. It will also include the research design, sample size, sources of data and the methods of data collection and analysis. The methodology of this research is designed to find out the effects of interpersonal communication on performance appraisal. This study will use the survey method, which is an appropriate way of gathering data to address real-life problems. Survey design is the most suitable method of gathering data from respondents who will be representative of the entire group. It is a great method in research for collecting original data from a group too large to be observed directly. Survey research design can be generalized to the entire group so that deductions can be made about some characteristics, attitudes or behaviour of a population (Babbie, 2005). The population for this study will comprise supervisors and subordinates of XYZ Company. Simple random sampling will be used to choose the sample for the study, as it ensures that each item has an equal chance of being selected for the study. To obtain a sample size, the researcher will use a list of all the staff of the company. The employees will be assigned numbers in such a way that any of them can be included in the sample. Numbers will then be chosen until the preferred sample is reached. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software will be used to analyze the data obtained from the field. The findings will then be presented in frequencies, tables and charts. A survey will be prepared based on the objectives of the study (Babbie, 2005). Structure of the project The research paper will have five chapters. Chapter one will discuss the background of the study, the problem statement, the objectives, the research questions, the rationale, the significance and the scope of the study. Chapter two will be a review of the literature and develop a conceptual framework for the study. Chapter three will discuss the methodology of the research by describing how the research will be carried out. Chapter four will discuss the finding and interpretations of the study. Lastly, chapter five will give a summary, recommendations and conclusions about the findings. Research Plan The research will be conducted for seven months, starting December 2013 to June of the coming year. The timelines of the study are as shown in the table below. Research Plan Expected Results and Limitations Expected results are that their interpersonal skills influence supervisor rating of their juniors in the performance appraisals to a large extent. The instrument used for data collection does not collect data relating to non-verbal communication. Therefore, the respondents may fall in general categories that reflect the opinion and biases of the researcher. References Babbie, E. (2005). The Basics of Social Research (3rd ed.). Canada: Thomson Wadsworth. DeNisi, A. S., Robbins, T. L., and Summers, T. P. (1997). Organization, processing, and Use of Performance Information: a Cognitive Role for Appraisal Instruments. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27(21): 1884-1905. Liden, R. C.,
Rising from Recession Market Strategies of Cisco Systems
Rising from Recession Market Strategies of Cisco Systems. Cisco Systems, Inc. is an American-based multinational company that designs and sells consumer electronics, networking and communications technology and services. Headquartered in California, Cisco has more than 65,000 employees and annual revenue of US$40 billion as of 2010. Cisco is one of the world’s biggest technological companies (Bloomberg 2010). This assignment examines the strategies adopted by Cisco to tackle recession in the US markets during the years 2008-2009. During the recession of 2001, Cisco was caught unaware of what John Chambers called the ‘100 year flood’ leading to the write down of inventory worth US$2.2 billion. The company reported a loss of US$2.69 billion. The dot-com bubble was a stock market bubble which burst in 2001. It was fuelled by the rise of Internet sites and the tech industry in general. Many companies folded and those that survived learnt valuable lessons. Investors lost astronomical sums of money on the dot-com bubble. Several factors combined to cause the dot-com bubble. Low interest rates, the jump in internet-users were seen by most companies, potential customers-this resulted in numerous start-ups. These companies came to be referred to as ‘dot-coms’, after the .com in many web addresses. (WiseGeeks 2010) Many of these companies engaged in unusual and daring business practices with no sustainable business model, all they were hoping to achieve was a bigger slice of a pie; equating bigger pie to bigger consumer base therefore believing profits will follow. Unfortunately for many companies and investors, the growth of the tech sector proved to be illusory. A decline in business spending (due to a hike in interest rates) combined with market correction to deal a serious financial blow to many dot-coms, and tech companies began to fold, one by one. (Wise geeks 2010) Cisco, as mentioned, wasn’t spared either. Let us now examine what Cisco could have done, couldn’t have seen and/or shouldn’t have done, not only did Cisco serve as a ‘plumber’ to the tech-world, it was a beacon of inspiration for organization leadership and management. CISCO’S Environment Cisco’s customer base was not concentrated in any one industry; Cisco’s customers fell into one of four categories: Enterprise: Large organizations with 500 and more staff requiring complex networking needs across multiple computer systems. Clientele include corporations, government agencies, utilities, and educational institutions. Service Providers: Organizations providing data, voice, and video communication services to businesses and consumers. Small/Medium-Sized Businesses: Businesses with fewer than 500 employees and a need for internal networks for itself and for its business partners connected to the Internet. These customers were generally limited in their resources, as such Cisco designed and built easy to use and install systems at affordable prices. Consumers: Individuals with a need for networking devices and services to connect themselves to the Internet from within their homes. During the time of the dot-com, Cisco Systems was a decentralized company organized around 3 lines of business. Each focusing on a customer segment as shown above, for the easy communication we will group small/medium-sized businesses and consumers under one LOB. Each LOB produced customized products for that segment’s needs this generated enormous growth during the dot-com years. As we know that came to an abrupt end in 2001, Cisco was forced to lay off 18% of its work force and incurred losses amounting to $2.69 billlion. Cisco did survive unlike many other companies, what it then did was make a series of organizational changes that continue to this day. It centralized functions from each of its LOBs so that heads of each division reported to the CEO rather than the presidents of the three LOBs. Customer focus was maintained by, creating three cross-functional business councils, each responsible for one of the customer segments. A functional head chaired each council, leading both a function and business council. (Kilman 1985) This structure is a type of matrix organization called the two-hat model. Cisco used this functional structure to create an appropriate cost basis for the downturn, as functional organizations drop costs in two ways. First, by consolidating engineers into specialist groups, the company minimizes the number of engineers needed, the engineers are placed in a ‘pool’ where they can be shared across lines. For example, under the old LOB organization, each LOB might have required two-thirds of a sound engineer. Resulting in Cisco hiring three engineers, one for each LOB. Under a centralized concept, the sound engineering group hires just two sound engineers and works them across the product lines, allowing fewer people to do a given volume of work. Secondly, functional organizations reduce costs by decreasing duplication and standardizing product and process designs. When revenue is growing and margins are high, redundancy is a small price to pay but when revenue drops and margins shrink, duplication is a good process to do away with. In the early 2000s, Cisco wasn’t able to keep up with the demand for its products and some of its customers were looking elsewhere and those that did wait had to wait up to 15weeks, as Cisco suppliers could not keep up with the high demand, Cisco pushed manufactures and suppliers to stock up on inventory, committing itself to buying stock before having even sold them-This proved fatal when the recession came, leaving Cisco with huge inventories. At Cisco, duplication was reduced by centralizing the engineers and combining them into common groups. This standardization achieves economies in having one design instead of three. Manufacturing gets volume in producing one high-volume product rather than three low-volume products; procurement gets volume discounts on fewer but common components. (Porter’s Value Chain Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance 1985) Logistics reduces total inventories with one large stock, rather than three smaller stocks. Similar savings can also be achieved in other functions as the number of transactions and processes are reduced. (Porter’s Value Chain) In this way, Cisco responded to the downturn by reorganizing, seeing as functional organizations increase efficiency, lower costs all while minimizing the number of people needed without compromising on quality. They worked smarter in achieving better results. The Cisco cost structure clearly benefited from the reorganization. But Cisco also made sure not to standardize to such an extent that the end-user experience suffered. “Focus on the Customer” Many companies achieve balance over time between standardizing, cost reduction, customizing and customer satisfaction. Restructuring can waste energy, result in winners and losers, and cause top talent to leave. Fortunately, Cisco did not walk this path and instead simultaneously organized around customer segments and functions, counterbalancing the biases of a functional structure, Cisco added cross-function business councils for each customer segment. These councils supported their respective customer segments. The same people who had positions of power in the functional structure staffed the councils, so when the engineers proposed standardizing a product, the salespeople who were representing customer segments had a debate to contest the engineers. (KastRising from Recession Market Strategies of Cisco Systems
BUAD 301 CSUF Building a Backdoor to The iPhone an Ethical Dilemma Response
BUAD 301 CSUF Building a Backdoor to The iPhone an Ethical Dilemma Response.
After completing Case 1: Building a “Backdoor” to the iPhone: An Ethical Dilemma, please post a response to the reading here.Responses are meant to show interaction with the material. I’m not looking for a right or wrong answer: I’m looking for discussion. Show me that you not only read the material, but that you have gathered critical analysis on the topic at hand. What is being discussed? What information is gathered from the material? What stands out as the key points discussed?Your response should be no less than 250 words (about 1/2 of a page). APA Format
BUAD 301 CSUF Building a Backdoor to The iPhone an Ethical Dilemma Response