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HIST 001 Los Angeles Valley College Dark Ages Into the Middle Ages Questions

HIST 001 Los Angeles Valley College Dark Ages Into the Middle Ages Questions.

What role does technology play in advancing European society from the “dark ages” into the Middle Ages? Use three specific examples of technological changes that brought innovation to Europe and demonstrate its substantive effects.How did the development of a secular (i.e., non-church or Cathedral school) university emerge, and what do you think the reason was for its creation? How did it tie into the new commercialism? Write one paragraph per term that includes the definition, significance and context of the following:1. Manorialism2. Pope Urban II3. Umar Khayyum and Rubaiyat4. Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine5. Albigensian Heresy6. Scholasticism7. Gothic architecturOne of the major features of Greek culture is that it is extremely humanocentric. In contrast to other regions we’ve seen, religion is largely separate from the functioning of society, and has very little interaction with the government. In part this is due to the polis nature of Greek city-states, but it is also because of this human focus. How does philosophy and science take the place of religion in Greece in terms of prominence? From where does law derive? What kind of law do you expect to find in Greece? Finally, to what extent would you connect Greek politics with philosophy, rather than religion?
HIST 001 Los Angeles Valley College Dark Ages Into the Middle Ages Questions

HGTC Diagnostics & Story Interpretation The Appointment in Samarra Discussion.

When you suspect you have a medical problem, you go to a doctor to find out what is wrong and what to do about it. The doctor will ask you questions, check your vital signs, perform a physical exam, and possible order additional tests so she can make a diagnosis. The proper diagnosis allows your doctor to prescribe the best treatment for your problem. That is the purpose of this assignment. By giving me a sample of your writing, I can see what you do well and what you might need to work on to make your writing the best it can be. It also helps me see the big picture of what the class as a whole might need.Here are the instructions for this diagnostic assignment:FIRST, read “The Appointment in Samarra” by W. Somerset Maugham. A link is attached below.”The Appointment in Samarra” is a considered a fable. A fable is a “a short tale, often involving animals or supernatural beings and stressing plot above character development, whose object is to teach a pragmatic or moral lesson” (Kirszner and Mandell 4).In this fable the moral isn’t stated outright; it is implied. How would you state the moral in your own words? Write a short essay that explains your interpretation. Use details and/or examples from the story to support your claims.Before you plunge into writing, be sure you’ve watched the Writing Process video. Following these steps will ensure you produce your best work.Use traditional essay organization: an introductory paragraph, at least one body paragraph, and a concluding paragraph.Include a clearly identifiable thesis statement in your introductory paragraph.Body paragraph(s) should be adequately developed (for this assignment, 8-10 sentences is a good length). All sentences should relate back to your thesis in some way.Use the Standards for Written Work to format your essay. Name your document Yourname.Diagnostic.doc (or .pdf)Upload your document here and then click the Submit button.
HGTC Diagnostics & Story Interpretation The Appointment in Samarra Discussion

CHAPTER 7 Content Discussion

CHAPTER 7 Content Discussion. I need support with this Psychology question so I can learn better.

Step 1: Answer the following question in paragraph format, using at least 200 words.

How can the information-processing approach be compared to Piaget’s theory?

Reminder: In all of your postings, please proofread and avoid “text messaging” language, spelling errors, and grammatical errors. You need to invest time, effort, and thought into your postings and replies.

The information processing approach analyzes how children manipulate information, monitor it and create strategies for handling it. It is demonstrated by using a computer metaphor: A computer’s information processing is limited by its hardware and software. The hardware limitations include the amount of data the computer can process, its capacity, and speed. The software limits the kind of data that can be used as input, and the ways that data can be manipulated. Like the computer metaphor, the information processing approach suggests that children will have limitations in their thinking abilities throughout their development and they can only hold so much information at one time. Although Piaget’s theory says that development occurs through 4 distinct stages and the information processing approach leans more towards a continuous pattern of development, their theories are similar in that they both believe that children can only hold so much information at one time and that it lessens the younger the child is. Their theories both explain how children process information and experiences and they both believe that children learn things on their own and direct their own cognitive development.
The information processing approach analyzes how children manipulate information, monitor it, and create strategies for handling it. Children’s cognitive development results from their ability to overcome processing limitations by increasingly executing basic operations, expanding information processing capacity, and acquiring new knowledge and strategies.
The information processing approach can be compared with Piaget’s theory in several ways. They both emphasize that children actively grow. Some aspects of the information processing approach are constructivist, like Piaget’s theory. This means that children direct their own cognitive development. They both emphasize that current knowledge can lead to development of new knowledge. Piaget’s theory emphasizes schemes, assimilation and accommodation, and organization. The information processing approach emphasizes encoding, automaticity, strategy construction, and metacognition. Both of the theories provide specific ways that children go about developing cognitively, involving organization and building on prior knowledge. Both emphasize a biological approach in the sense that certain development occurs over time and age span, and brain development is consecutive with cognitive development. Current experiences and learning lead to new ideas and realizations. The theories differ because Piaget’s approach occurs in stages with transition periods; the information processing approach is a consecutive flow. Regardless, both emphasize that in order for knowledge to expand children have to use their current resources and brain capacity.
CHAPTER 7 Content Discussion

Balanced Scorecard Strategy And Performance Management Management Essay

i need help writing an essay Abstract This course work of Performance Management is about Balance Score Card, its application on Bexely Library. Balance score card is used for organizing and monitoring the performance of any organization and its best advantage is that it helps to point out the flaws. It provides a step by step orientation of work and identifies the right time for execution of right time. It has various perspectives associated with it i.e. learning and growth, business, customer and financial. Introduction: Balanced Score Card The balanced scorecard is a tactical planning and organization and controlling system. It is used broadly by the government, different sectors of government, nonprofit organizations, private and public business and industry throughout the world. It helps to support business activities in an aligned manner to the apparition and stratagem of the organization, expand and increase internal and external communications, and monitor and control organization’s performance in contrast to strategic goals. It delivers a charter that not only provides performance dimensions, but also helps planners recognize what should be done and measured instead or as a mitigatory measure. It was initiated by David Norton and Dr. Robert Kaplan (Harvard Business School). It was initially used as a performance measurement tool that enhanced strategic non-financial performance measures to outdated financial metrics to help out the managers and executives a more ‘balanced’ view of organizational performance. Perspectives The balanced scorecard suggests that we view the organization from four perspectives. The Learning

The Monetary Union of the European Union Analytical Essay

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic community counting 27 countries located predominantly in Europe. The EU takes control over the countries through the system of independent institutions and intergovernmental organizations operated by the member states. The main policy of the EU lies in developing a single market through ensuring free movement of goods, services, people, and capital. One of the main policies integrated by the EU involves monetary union. This policy represents the control of fiscal and economic policies and a common currency, the euro. In total, these countries constitute the euro area. Certainly, the integrated economic and monetary union produces a plethora of advantages for the members of the European community in terms of a single market and free exchange of products and services. However, there have been rigid debates concerning the optimal conditions for creating Eurozone countries with a single currency area due to the inflexibility of monetary policy. The point is that individual member states fail to act independently, which prevents the countries from printing money to pay their creditors and diminish the risk of default. As a result of the above-presented problems, the European sovereign debt crisis occurred, leading to the difficulties to re-finance the debts without support of the third parties. At the end of 2009, a sovereign debt crisis became serious due to the increase in private and public government debt levels all over the world along with a range of debts in European countries (Berend 2012). The ramifications of the crisis were different in various countries. In some member states, private debts emerged because of the property bubble that were turned into a sovereignty debt due to the banking bailouts and government reactions to lower levels of economic post-bubble. Hence, although there is one currency for the region, pension plans and taxation remain different in the European countries. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The currency limits the states’ possibility to stand various financial problems. Therefore, it is necessary to reconsider the policy in order to develop a more flexible system of single currency operating (Berend 2012). The consistency should be connected with integrating the single taxation scheme in all countries, as well as creating an optimal fiscal and pension systems for the population. Before developing a unified economic system, these problems should be solved by organizing international meetings and specialized committees that can scan the environment and highlight the most vulnerable areas of the EU economy. Rationale for the Action: Negotiations and Decisions Made After the 2009 crisis, the EU institutions have started working on a common legal instrument that could stabilize the financial situation in Europe by providing financial assistance to European countries experiencing serious economic difficulties. As a result, the European Financial Stability Facility was created in 2010 to stand the debt crisis through organizing specific funds to provide loans to the countries in need (James 2012). However, the development of new funds and reserves does not provide a viable solution to the problems of financial flexibility in the countries. The peculiarities of various economies, such as that of export-driven Germany and high-tax level France, create serious challenges for the European Community to strike the balance between single currency and fluctuations in taxes, fiscal policies and property issues. In addition, Hullett et al. (2010) supports the idea that the performance of the EU currency creates high unemployment rates, varied output, and investment growth problems. As a result, the performance of the euro undermines the efficiency of the single market development in practice. We will write a custom Essay on The Monetary Union of the European Union specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More With regard to the above-presented problems, non-action, superficial policy does not introduce improvements to the currency system and can even aggravate the situation (Fioramonti 2012). It is highly important for the EU to be more sensitive toward local markets through creating statistics centers and surveys evaluating the readiness of the countries to accept the single monetary system. The rational of this strategy is fully justified because the global market development in the European region is impossible without considering the specifics of local markets and financial systems. Background of the Situation Due to the financial instability and unequal access of the European countries, there is a growing tendency in economic disintegration due to the absence of common fiscal practices that have great pressure on the European Community (Hanson et al. 2011). Therefore, the Euro was initially created to ensure financial integration of the European countries, but the massive financial difference between member states does not allow the countries to bailout the crisis that do not address the actual root of the problem. According to Hanson et al. (2011, p. 24), “the real concern now is with Spain and Italy…they are much larger economies and have far bigger debt than Greece, so if they default, the consequences will be dire for the Euro”. Further, the introduction of the European Central Bank has provided new problems to the EU monetary and economic integration. At a glance, the new financial reforms produce a number of improvements in terms of investment, employment, and growth. However, much deeper considerations provide the evidence distinction between long-termed and short-termed problems, including increased unemployment rates in some countries and increase in financial stability in other countries. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Monetary Union of the European Union by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the beginning of the Euro formation, eleven countries has joined the union and accepted a single currency. However, their inflation levels were diverse and, as a result, the group was supported by the three best performed states – France, Austria, and Ireland. According to Welfens (2001, p. 4), “the costs of disinflation … have leveled, and no further significant increase of unemployment should occur as expected and actual inflation rates have converged at a very low level”. In this respect, the history of euro formation shows that the problems occurred to local levels of economy were ignored by the community, which has led to diverse rates of integration (Buti and Sapir 2002). Monetary union focuses more on a global political decision according to which the selection criteria has not been premised on the optimum currency framework, but on the convergence criteria. The analysis of future perspectives of the EU commission requires reconsideration of the single currency system because it can become a problem for Britain in terms of exchange rate. In particular, there are a number of factors that undermine democracy system and budgeting principles. Democratization of the European currency, as well as the European Central Bank is crucial due to the deficiency in political system inconsistency. In addition, the Commission criticizes the EU government that acts illegally by ignoring the need to punish Germany and France for infringing the budget rules (Implications of the Euro: A Critical Perspective from the Left n. d.). The unequal treatment of countries of the EU is also connected with the inflexibility of the euro principles, as well as the role of ECB. In order to eliminate the problems, the local economies should be analyzed in more detail to face the requirements of the single area. Description of Possible Strategies for Reducing the Currency Inflexibility As it has been mentioned briefly, the main approach to reducing the unemployment rates and removing the diverse economic and financial rates in countries implies developing reforms that can introduce greater sensitivity to local markets to be ready to face challenges of diverse requirements and budgeting rules in various countries (Cline and Wolff, 2012). What is more important is that the currency should be congruent with the taxation systems in the countries. Certainly, modifying the taxation systems in countries undermines other financial and political spheres, but the introduction of a singly currency should not be premised on a one-dimensional approach. In fact, the policy should cover all spheres of country’s life, including social plans, budgeting, financial funding, investment, taxation system, and pension schemes (Credit Matters: The European debt crisis – a solution? 2011). Lack of awareness can lead to even greater difficulties and economic disintegration. In order to the fight unemployment and unequal inflation rates, specific emphasis should be placed on developing new budget disciplines that could solve the problem of the deep crisis. In this respect, Ségol (2012, p. 70) insists that the current paradigm for reducing the inflexibility implies “cutting pay and social welfare, attacking bargaining mechanisms and making employment contracts ultraflexible”. In this respect, there should be a relatively equal level of salaries and wages that can allow the governments to predict further complications and losses, as well as avoid inequality among the employees. Second, introducing the art of negotiation is crucial in all spheres of political control that should be assigned to a single political organ that regulates all financial transactions. As a result, the development of a common fiscal system would allow the EU to create a community where the crisis in one country will not affect the situation in other countries. In this respect, Fontevecchia (2012, p. 82) explains, “banks and pension funds in Europe can choose between many different sovereign bonds to operate, leading to a relocation of capital in times of stress that can put intense pressure on borrowing costs”. Absence of analogous institutions in countries, such as gilts in the UK do not have analogues in other countries, provides fewer restrictions on the borrowing costs. In this case, governments of the EU should actively participate in negotiating for price, tax levels, and wages (Baimbridge and Whyman 2003). It is also important for a government to establish a common system of informing the population about the shifts in prices. One the one hand, earlier stages of the funds relocation can cause serious protests on the part of the countries with greater financial opportunities. Therefore, they could be reluctant to cede their political and economic positions. On the other hand, the development of a strong European Community requires the acceptance of certain risks. Finally, focus on the root of the problem, rather than on its cause, can allow the European Union. In this respect, Adams (2012) asserts that the Greece crisis has becomes the starting point of the debt challenge. In addition, the researcher argues that the fall of tax revenues, as well as social safety net, does not contribute to the debt reduction (Barston 2006). On the contrary, focus on the local market should be confined to total rejection of the previous currency and price rates and absolute penetration to the EU space. Hence, the member states should accept a genuine political union, with permanent transition of independence from the country’s capitals to the center of the European community. The Implications of the Action Regulating local budgets and reducing deficit spending should be included into future EU treaties because they can ensure closer economic union among the member states. However, these regulations have already been violated by the Great Britain with the Czech Republic and Hungary. The reluctance to obey the established rules is explained by the desire of power-states to establish dictatorship. Hence, historic circumstances play a crucial role in strengthening the political and economic positions of such countries as the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Austria. However, the European Union implies the development of relatively equal opportunities for all the participants (Buttsowrth n. d.). As a result, the governments should reconsider the issue of power to be able to compromise. Further, the Greek crisis proves that the problems in a separate region have a tangible impact on other participants and, therefore, the necessity for creating a single political organ regulating financial and economic issues is crucial (Lynn 2010). In particular, the created equality in access to the financial resources, as well as stable pricing policy, will eliminate further rises in currency devaluation in the country. Conclusion The development of UE monetary system ensuring the flow of the single current in Europe ensures greater exchange of good, services and people. Moreover, it simplifies the transport system control and allows the EU members to freely move from one country to another. However, apart from the proposed advantages there are a number of shortcomings of the policy, such as unemployment rates, inflexibility, and diverse tax levels in countries. In this respect, the proposed strategy refers to the analysis of local markets and absolute transition to an absolute currency system. Stabilizing tax payments and introducing relatively equal wages provide a new platform for the EU development. These recommendations should lead to ensure successful transition to a single market system. Reference List Adams, T 2012, ‘When Greece Exits The Euro’, Coloradobiz, 39, 7, p. 10. Baimbridge, M and Whyman, P 2003, Economic and Monetary Union in Europe: Theory and Practice. Edward Elgar Publishing, UK. Barston, RP 2006, Modern Diplomacy, Pearson Education, London. Berend, I 2012, Europe in Crisis: Bolt from the Blue?, Routledge, New York. Buti, M, and Sapir A 2002, Economic and Monetary Union and Economic Policy in Europe, Edward Elgar Publishing, UK. Buttsowrth, M n. d., Democracy and Debt – the European Debt Crisis, Mat Buttsworth, US. Cline, WR, and Wolff, G 2012, Resolving the European Debt Crisis, Peterson Institute, US. ‘Credit Matters: The European debt crisis – a solution?’ 2011, Euroweek, 1209, p. 82. Fioramonti, L 2012, Regions and Crises: New Challenges for Contemporary Regionalisms, Palgrave Macmillan, US. Fontevecchia, A 2012, ‘How to Solve Europe’s Sovereign Debt Crisis, SocGen Style’, Forbes.Com, p. 24. Hanson, G, Kovacs, R,

Religious Studies homework help

Religious Studies homework help. In December 2008 Siemens, the large German electronics firm, agreed to pay $1.6 billion in fines to settle legal suits bought by the U.S. and German governments. The governments asserted that Siemens had used bribes to win business in countries around the world. These were the largest fines ever levied against a company for bribes, reflecting the scale of the problem at Siemens. Since 1999, the company had apparently paid some $1.4 billion in bribes. In Bangladesh, Siemens paid $5 million to the son of the prime minister to win a mobile phone contract. In Nigeria, it paid $12.7 million to various officials to win government telecommunications contracts. In Argentina, Siemens paid at least $40 million in bribes to win a $1 billion contract to produce national identity cards. In Israel, the company ?provided? $20 million to senior government officials in order to win a contract to build power plants. In China, it paid $14 million to government officials to win a contract to supply medical equipment. And so on.Corruption at Siemens was apparently deeply embedded in the business culture. Before 1999, bribery of foreign officials was not illegal in Germany, and bribes could be deducted as a business expense under the German tax code. In this permissive environment, Siemens subscribed to the straightforward rule of adhering to local practices. If bribery was common in a country, Siemens would routinely use bribes to win business. Inside Siemens, bribes were referred to as ?useful money.?When the German law changed in 1999, Siemens carried on as before, but put in place elaborate mechanisms to hide what it was doing. Money was transferred into hard-to-trace bank accounts in Switzerland. These funds were then used to hire an outside ?consultant? to help win a contract. The consultant would in turn deliver the cash to the ultimate recipient, typically a government official. Siemens apparently had more than 2,700 such consultants worldwide. Bribes, which were viewed as a cost of doing business, typically ranged between 5 and 6 percent of a contract’s value, although in corrupt countries bribes could be as much as 40 percent of the value of a contract. In justifying this behavior, one former Siemens employee stated, ?It was about keeping the business alive and not jeopardizing thousands of jobs overnight.? But the practice left behind angry competitors who were shut out of contracts and local residents in poor countries who paid too much for government services because of rigged deals. Also, by engaging in bribery, Siemens helped foster a culture of corruption in those countries where it made illegal payouts.During this time period, in a cynical move, Siemens put in place a formal process for monitoring payments to make sure that no illegal payments were made. Senior executives even made some of the individuals responsible for managing the bribery funds sign compliance forms stating that they had not engaged in any such activity, while knowing full well that this was not the case.This scheme began to collapse at Siemens when investigators in several countries began to examine suspicious transactions. Prosecutors in Italy, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland sent requests for help to counterparts in Germany, providing a list of Siemens employees who were implicated in making illegal payments. In late 2006 the German police acted, raiding the company, seizing data, and arresting several executives. Shortly afterward, the United States started to look into these charges. Since Siemens had a listing on the New York Stock Exchange, it had to adhere to the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, which outlaws payments to government officials to win contracts. At the end of the day, Siemens had to not only pay $1.6 billion in fines but also commit to spending another $1 billion to improve its internal compliance process while several executives went to jail.Case Discussion QuestionsWhat explains the high level of corruption at Siemens? How did managers engaged in corruption rationalize it?What do you think would have happened to a manager at Siemens if he or she had taken a stand against corrupt practices?How does the kind of corruption Siemens engaged in distort competition?What is the impact of corrupt behavior by Siemens on the countries where it does business?If you were a manager at Siemens, and you became aware of these activities, what would you have done?SourcesS. Schubert and C. Miller, ?Where Bribery Was Just a Line Item,?ÿThe New York Times,ÿDecember 21, 2008, p. B1; J. Ewing, ?Siemens Braces for a Slap from Uncle Sam,?ÿBusinessWeek,ÿNovember 11, 2007, pp. 78?79; and J. Ewing, ?Siemens Settlement: Relief, but Is It Over??ÿBusinessWeek,ÿDecember 12, 2008, p. 8.Religious Studies homework help

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