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HIS 110 Strayer Lesson from Immigration Policies of Late 1800s & early 1900s PPT

HIS 110 Strayer Lesson from Immigration Policies of Late 1800s & early 1900s PPT.

Below is attached the start of the rest of the assignment that you’ve been helping me with on immigration. It will be the same as before where I will have to send you the screenshots as they open up. I did include the screenshot that shows how many parts will need to be sent for speaker notes on the presentation. This one will need pictures included and when I submit the information in the templates it will create a powerpoint presentation once I download it from webtext to submit to the teacher.
HIS 110 Strayer Lesson from Immigration Policies of Late 1800s & early 1900s PPT

Corporate Strategy: Financial Strategy and Cultural Effects. Introduction The objectives of this paper are two-fold: first, the paper looks at the role of financial strategy in an organisation, the risks faced by an entity and how these risks affect the financial strategy; second, the paper provides a discussion in relation to whether cultural factors have an impact on corporate strategy, as well as whether it is beneficial for an organisation to be ethical. The paper begins by looking at financial strategy and organisational risks. It will later consider cultural and ethical issues. The role of financial Strategy in an Organisation. Financial strategy can be defined as the practices adopted by a firm to achieve its financial objectives. (Harvey, 2004). According to Calandro and Flynn (2007) “financial strategy can be defined as an interdisciplinary methodology to more efficiently allocate resources within a firm to better or more economically satisfy customer preferences over time”. The later definition stresses the need for customer satisfaction indicating that shareholder value creation depends on customer satisfaction. Although an organisation’s overall objective is shareholder value maximisation, it can only achieve this through high levels of customer satisfaction because it is only through high levels of sales that profit can be generated and high levels of sales can only be achieved through high levels of customer satisfaction. The main financial objective of a profit-making entity is to maximise shareholder value. (Ogilvie, 2005). Shareholder value is measured by the returns shareholders receive each year, represented by the dividend received each year, plus the capital gains from capital appreciation, which is measured by the growth in the share price of the entity. In addition to maximising shareholder value an organisation may have other objectives such as satisfactory returns, high sales levels, high level of customer satisfaction, etc. (Ogilivie, 2005; Calandro and Flynn, 2007). Kaplan and Norton (1996) identify three different stages for a business and note that each of these stages has its own unique financial objectives. The three stages include: (1) rapid growth; (2) sustain; and (3) harvest. (Kaplan and Norton, 1996). At the rapid growth phase the financial objective will be to achieve sales growth, achieve sales in new markets and to new customers, achieve sales from new products and services, maintain adequate spending level for product and process development, establish new marketing, sales and distribution channels. At the sustain phase the organisation will emphasize traditional financial performance measurements, such as return on capital employed, operating income and gross margin. Standard discounted cash flows and capital budgeting analysis will be used to appraise investments although some companies may emphasise the use of more recent appraisal techniques such as economic value added and shareholder value added. At the harvest phase, the main financial objective will be to achieve sustainable levels of cash inflows, in which case any investment project must have immediate and certain cash paybacks. (Kaplan and Norton, 1996). Financial strategy constitutes three main stages, which are temporarily linked in a financial feedback loop as shown in figure 1 below. These stages include: (1) strategy formulation; (2) resource allocation; and (3) performance measurement. An important aspect of strategy formulation is strategic planning, which according to Myers (1984) involves the process of deciding how to commit the firm’s resources across different lines of business. Based on the above discussion, one can observe that financial strategy plays an important role in an organisation. It enables the organisation to formulate its strategy, determine how to allocate its resources and enables the company to measure its performance. Financial strategy enables an entity to make an assessment of its financial needs, the sources of support required to meet its objectives and fulfil its mission while at the same time planning for growth and stability. Financial strategy is an indispensible prerequisite for the formulation and development of the budget. Organisations often face a number of risks. These include liquidity risks, interest rate risk, business risks, financial risks, etc. these risks may affect the financial strategy in a number of ways. Financial risk for example is the risk that the company may be unable to meet its commitments to repay interests and principal repayments on its long-term financial obligations. The effect of such a risk on the financial strategy is that the company will emphasise the use of internally generated funds and equity to finance long-term projects rather than issue bonds or other long-term debt securities. Interest rate risk may also affect the firm’s capital structure decision in that perceived high levels of interest rates on long-term debt may reduce the company’s motivation to use debt financing. Foreign exchange rate risk may affect the company’s prospects to expand production abroad, as well as the currency denomination of foreign contracts and sales. Liquidity risks may affect the company’s short-term borrowing. The presence of high liquidity risk may warrant the company to resort to a just-in-time inventory system, reduce short-term debtors by maintaining more strict short-term credit policies and factoring of accounts receivables. Effect of Cultural Factors on Corporate Strategy Andrews (1997: p. 52) defines corporate strategy as “the pattern of decisions in a company that determines and reveals its objectives, purposes, or goals, produces the principal policies and plans for achieving those goals, and defines the range of business the company is to pursue, the kind of economic and human organisation it is or intends to be and the nature of the economic and non-economic contribution it intends to make to its shareholders, employees, customers, and communities”. Corporate strategy in effect maps out the businesses in which an organisation intends to compete in a way that focuses resources to convert distinctive capabilities into competitive advantage. (Andrews, 1997). The definition of corporate strategies emphasises the need for the organisation to satisfy the needs of all the stakeholders if the organisation is to achieve is overall objective of maximising shareholder value. Stakeholders include employees, customers and the communities in which the organisation operates. Employees, customers and communities therefore have a significant impact on the success of the organisation and thus on the corporate strategy of the organisation. In formulating corporate strategy, organisations need to identify and priorities strategic issues, which involves scanning, selecting, interpreting and validating information. (Schneider, 1989) To properly formulate its corporate strategy, an organisation must assess its organisational strengths and weaknesses, as well as its environmental threats and opportunities, which will enable it choose among alternative courses of action. (Hofer and Schendel, 1984) cited in Schneider, (1998). This indicates that an organisation must perform a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) analysis prior to formulating corporate strategy. A number of factors have been identified as having an effect on corporate strategy formulation: for example, Kets de Vries and Miller (1984) suggest that managerial personality and experience is an important determinant of the strategy formulation process; Janis (1972) considers group dynamics as an important factor affecting the formulation of corporate strategy while Frederickson (1984); Lyles and Mitroff (1985) suggest that organisational structure plays an important role in strategy formulation. Schneider (1998) citing Schein (1985) notes that National culture could play an important role in strategy formulation as it derives from assumptions regarding relationships with the environment as well as relationships among people. Schneider (1998) argues that these assumptions will influence how information is gathered and how that information is interpreted within the organization. The strategy formulation process can therefore not be considered ‘culture-free’ because information is embedded in social norms and acquires symbolic value as a function of a particular set of beliefs in a particular set of cultures. (Feldman and March, 1981). There are considerable differences in cultures across countries. Culture is defined as “a system of shared assumptions that has developed over time to solve problems of environmental adaptation and internal integration”. (Schneider,, 1998: p. 152) citing Schein (1985); Van Maanen and Barley (1983). Culture is expected to affect the process by which the environment is known and responded to because it is thought to influence the way people perceive, think, feel and evaluate. (Schneider,, 1998). There are two sets of cultural assumptions that are thought to be specifically relevant to the formulation of corporate strategy. These include external adaptation and internal integration. (Schneider, 1998). On the one hand, external adaptation refers to the relationship with the environment while internal integration on the other hand refers to the relationships among people. The forgoing indicates that cultural factors have a significant effect on corporate strategy and thus calls for a critical consideration of cultural differences especially for multinational companies that usually operate in a number of different countries with varying degrees of culture. A company therefore stands to gain a lot from being ethical. Companies that are perceived as being unethical may suffer from declining sales and thus declining profit margins. There are also differences as far as ethical issues are concerned. What may be considered unethical in one country may be considered ethical in another country. For example, Muslim communities do not eat pork meat and thus will consider a company that attempts to market pork related products as contravening their cultural believes. In addition there are considerable differences in relation to organisational hierarchy across countries. In countries where power distance is considered very important, information is likely to flow only from top to bottom and not from bottom to top. In addition, an autocratic form of leadership is likely to prevail in such societies. On the contrary, in a country where power distance is considered less important, there would be a two way flow of information and a democratic leadership style is likely to prevail. For example, Motorola faced a number of problems when it expanded its activities to South Korea. (Siegal et al., 2007). In like manner IKEA, the giant furniture dealer faced difficulties when it expanded its activities into the United States. (Grol et al., 1998). BIBLIOGRAPHY Andrews K. (1997). Resources and Strategy: A Reader, edited by Nicolai J. Foss. Oxford University Press, ISBN 0198781792, 9780198781790 Calandro, J. Jr., Flynn, R. (2007). “On Financial Strategy”, Business Strategy Series, vol. 8, No. 6, pp. 409-417. Harvey G. (2004) “Financial strategy” available online at: strategy Grol, PC, Schoch, C, CPA. (1998). IKEA: managing cultural diversity. In Cases in International Organizational Behavior. Oddou G, Mendenhall M (eds.). Blackwell: Malden MA; 88-112. Janis, I. L. (1972) “Victims of groupthink”, Boston: Houghton-Mifflin. Kaplan, R. S., Norton, D. P. (1996), “Linking the Balanced Scorecard to Strategy”, California Management Review, vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 53-79. Feldman, M. S., and J. G. March (1981) “Information in organizations as signal and symbol”, Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 26, pp. 171-186. Fredrickson, J. W. (1984) “The comprehensive of strategic decision processes: extension, observations, future directions”, Academy of Management Journal, vol. 27, No. 3, pp. 445-466. Kets de Vries, M. F. R., and D. Miller (1984) “The neurotic organization”. San Francisco : Jossey Bass. Lyles, M. A., and I. I. Mitroff (1980) “Organizational problem formulation: an empirical study”. Administrative Science Quarterly, vol. 25, pp. 102-119. Myers, S. C. (1984). “Finance theory and financial strategy”, INTERFACES, vol. 14 No. 1 pp. 126-137 Ogilvie, J. (2005). Financial Strategy, Butterworth-Heinemann ISBN 0750664894, 9780750664899 Schneider S. C. (1989), “Strategy Formulation: The Impact of National Culture”, Organization Studies, vol. 10, pp. 149-168. Siegel, J. I., Licht, A. N., Schwartz S H. (2007). Egalitarianism, Cultural Distance, and FDI: A New Approach available at: Corporate Strategy: Financial Strategy and Cultural Effects
Unit Two Writing Assignment: Who are you and why?. Can you help me understand this Political Science question?

1. Which political party do you more closely associate with and why? Can’t say you don’t care anymore – time to tell me which way you lean. Your choices include Republican, Democrat, Green Party, Libertarian, Communist – you don’t even have to stick with these if there is another one out there you identify with – just tell me why. For the purposes of this assignment you can’t just say moderate or independent. Take the quiz at Even if you are pretty sure of who you side with, it is fun (and required) to take because it will give you percentages of how much you agree with each party on certain issues and tell you which candidate is your best match. No one is 100% anything. Include your results in your paper.
2. Who or what influenced that decision (examples may be a parent, teacher, friend, event). Do you have friends or family that hold the opposite beliefs from you? If not, why not? Do you have debates with this person or do you only talk to people who agree with you? If so, why?
3. If you could run for office, what would you run for – Judge, Congress/Legislature or President/Governor – and why? Read the explanations of all three below to help you answer this:
What office you might want to run for says something about your personality:
Judge – You are comfortable making decisions that may make some people unhappy, but you try to settle disputes by finding middle ground – all while remaining in the confines of the law. You understand that your decisions may not change the world, but they are important to the people and the case in front of you. You right wrongs and mete out appropriate justice – and you can only do so because you follow the rules yourself.
Legislator/Congress – You like to represent people and fight passionately for their issues. Making laws is ugly work, but you will fight in the trenches for what you believe in and make only the concessions necessary to create a bill that will help your constituents and your ideology win the day. You realize you don’t need to make everyone happy – just the people in your district and your party. The executives (governor/president) talk a lot, but you actually get to the details and get stuff done.
Governor/President – You are the big picture person. You announce broad initiatives and let congress or the legislature figure out how to pull it off. You need to have a thick skin because just under half of your constituents resent the fact you got elected. You have little to no say in the details of how your vision is pulled off – you just provide leadership and motivation. You get the credit when it works, but you get the blame when it doesn’t – you probably deserve neither the blame nor the credit. People look for you to lead them in both good times and bad.
The rules: Remember, this needs to be at least two pages of solid, thoughtful material in order to even be considered for full credit. Students receiving full credit usually turn in papers of at least 2.5 pages. Have some fun with it, but remember this is an academic paper. No cussing or slang, use proper grammar and proof-read before sending, use the spell-checker, do not end a sentence with a question mark (you are supposed to answer questions, not ask them), et cetera.
Type this in MS Word and upload it to Blackboard so it can be checked for plagiarized work. I will not accept e-mailed assignments. You must agree to submit your work to the global reference database.
Hi, just to let you know I hate politics but I stated in a previous post that i’m democrat, so i’m not sure what party your with but if you could please write this paper as if you are democrat, if you accept, thank you!
Unit Two Writing Assignment: Who are you and why?

Two Key Logistics Activities In Humanitarian Aid And Relief Operations Business Essay. The natural disasters and armed conflicts in various parts of the world in recent years have challenged the competency of traditional emergency relief operations. The challenges have revealed deficiencies which prompt the humanitarian relief sector to redefine the logistical activities that can meet the needs of humanitarian relief operations. “the process of planning, implementing and controlling the efficient, cost-effective flow and storage of goods and materials, as well as related information, from point of origin to point of consumption for the purpose of meeting the end beneficiary’s requirements” (KovacsTwo Key Logistics Activities In Humanitarian Aid And Relief Operations Business Essay

Family Therapy Model and Application: Structural Family Therapy Case Study

Family Therapy Model and Application: Structural Family Therapy Case Study. Abstract Families comprise different people who influence one another in unpredictable ways. This interrelationship makes family therapies difficult. The structural family therapy offers a theoretical and practical model that guarantees order to build and maintain a long-lasting and positive relationship. In theory, the appreciation of the existence of a family structure is founded on the view that members of a family show some consistency in terms of their behaviors. From this theoretical paradigm, this paper confirms that families comprise living systems, which grow and undergo some changes with time. Failure to adapt to the changes threatens their viability and the coexistence of the individual family members. From the basis of a case study, which involves Mr. and Mrs. Brown’s family, this paper identifies the structural family therapy as a therapeutic approach that recognizes that families have different strengths where each member plays a role to boost or bring down the family bonds. Introduction Families encounter a myriad of problems, which may lead to psychological challenges among couples and their children. Families, which look for help from therapists or chancellors, are usually concerned about a specific problem. The problems may range from misbehaving children to couples who fail to get along with one another. When therapists face such situations, they look beyond the provided specifics of the problems that affect a family by evaluating the efforts of the family unit to deal with the challenges. This strategy determines family interaction dynamics. For example, misbehaving children may be brought up by parents who repeatedly engage in scolding behaviors without rewarding any change of conduct. In such situations, scolding, which is an attempt to resolve the child’s behavioral problem, contributes to further destruction of parent-child relationships. Some parents may differ in opinions and/or cannot engage in an open debate without using destructive arguments. In such a situation, destructive arguments increase the couple’s conflicts, although the underlying problem is a variation of opinions. This observation suggests that through the deployment of the structural family therapy, therapists intervene to resolve family problems both in an organized and systematic way. Indeed, the structural family therapy borrows its basic theoretical tenets from the systems theory. This paper discusses the structural family therapy together with its theoretical tenets that help to resolve familial problems. It first establishes a case study that forms the basis of discussion for this paper. The applicability of the structural family therapy to the case is based on the assertion that a family comprises a system, which is a part of a social grouping. Since family members regulate each other, a change of an individual leads to a corresponding change in the family dynamics. Hence, in the process of administering family therapy, problems that arise from an individual can be solved. The model influences the behavior of other members by building long lasting positive family relationships. Case Study Description Several cases have been registered in schools where teens turned violent to the level of killing their fellow students and teachers. For instance, in 1999, on 20 April, Dylan Klebold and his friend Eric Harris staged an assault in a school that is based at Colorado. In the assault, 13 people were killed while 23 others were critically injured. They later turned bullets against themselves. It is perhaps impossible to establish what caused this attack or even other recently established children-executed crimes. However, in the case of Dylan Klebold and his friend Eric Harris, a possible cause of the violent attacks was a video game that had brutal themes and characters (Ward, 2011). Children‘s abusive behaviors towards their peers are commonplace in schools and in various other social settings. As it is revealed in the case of Mr. and Mrs. Brown’s family, abusive behaviors among children may be tracked from the familial structural problems. Mr. Brown’s family consists of his wife (Mrs. Brown) and their two children, James and Anthony. However, the couple has divorced. Their separation is now turning two years. The divorce occurred because Mr. Brown engaged in repeated abusive behaviors towards his wife. The children witnessed all the abusive sessions before Mr. Brown shifted to a different state when the divorce decision was finally granted in a family court in New Jersey. The children, Anthony (seven years old) and James (four years old), meet their father thrice annually. Mrs. Brown has a full-time job while Anthony attends school as his brother goes for the daycare. On 27 January 2015, Anthony’s principal called referring Mrs. Brown to a therapist who was based in the school. Anthony’s behavior while in school underlined the reason the therapist requested Mrs. Brown’s family to undergo a counseling session. For more than two months, Anthony’s class teacher reported that he had been attacking his peers without being provoked. Anthony also withdrew from social skills forums and any activities that could bring together all children to build their cognitive skills and/or foster social development. This conduct only occurred in the school settings. Mrs. Brown indicated that Anthony did not show the behavioral problem in the home settings. His brother, James, neither showed such behaviors while at home nor school. The investigation by the therapist into Mrs. Brown’s family structure indicated that when the divorce occurred, Mrs. Brown had seized a sizable amount of power of family control. She had also been attempting to adapt to numerous changes that her family had experienced. The therapist identified that her family had been incredibly flexible and organized in such a way that Mrs. Brown would adapt to changes following her divorce. Due to many cases that the school therapist handled, the chancellor felt it was wise to refer Mrs. Brown’s family to an external family therapist in the attempt to resolve Anthony’s unwelcome behavior. In February 2015, Mrs. Brown and her two sons visited a New Jersey-based family therapist. In a preliminary assessment, the therapist noted Mrs. Brown’s possession of the power to control her family as evidenced by her two sons’ high degree of respect towards her authority. For instance, when she requested them to do some task, they obeyed diligently without hesitation. She noted that she insisted on her children to maintain high standards of discipline while at the same time advocating any disciplinary action in any situation that involved deviance from authority. However, in school settings, this discipline was never witnessed. Anthony did not respect authority. He could bully and beat weak targets and his peers. An emerging question is whether structural family therapy can successfully help to deal with this deviant behavior challenge. The Historical Context of the Structural Family Model and its Founders Salvador Minuchin founded the structural family therapy. Since its establishment, it has constituted a central model for family therapy. The model addresses problems of family functionality. This goal is accomplished through its attempt to gain access to a family system with the objective of identifying rules that regulate the functioning of a family. For example, in the context of the case study about Mrs. Brown’s family, the chief rule that regulates the conducts of the children is strict obedience to her. Under the structural family therapy model, therapists “map the relationships between family members or between subsets of the family, and ultimately disrupt dysfunctional relationships within the family, causing it to stabilize into healthier patterns” (Vetere, 2008, p.138). Indeed, Minuchin asserts that pathology only rests within a family system, but not within an individual. Writers such as Charles Fishman support the propositions of the structural family therapy by claiming that family structures have restrictions, which can be inflexible, apparent, and defined by tasks and connections (Vetere, 2008). Other concepts of the model are that the family comprises hierarchies, substructures, cross-generational partnerships, and nurtured kids. The historical development of the model relates to its main concepts since the model views a family as a system that bears other subsystems that need to interact positively to ensure collective change to the system. To this extent, one of the primary tenets of the structural family therapy is that therapists get into a family in the capacity of a catalyst that serves the purposes of inducing positive changes. This claim suggests that changes occur when a therapist builds a positive relationship with the family. He or she becomes integrated into the family boundaries such that any incepted changes can influence all components (individuals) that make up the family. The theory regards families as structures that are organized as subsystems that have bendable or strict limits. The boundaries can permit or discourage contacts between different family members. An equally valuable concept in the historical development of the structural family therapy is the enactment technique. Under the technique, family members are “encouraged to deal directly with each other in sessions that permit therapists to observe and modify their interactions” (Vetere, 2008, p.134). Therefore, every person’s influence in the behavior of a given family is inseparable from the other family members. This situation has introduced the significance of the complementary concept in administering therapy interventions within families. Could the behavior of Mr. Brown (abusing a weak target, Mrs. Brown, in the presence of Anthony) have influenced Anthony’s bullying behavior that was directed towards his peers in school settings? Based on the ideas of the structural family therapy, this case is most probable. The Role of the Therapist or Counselor in the Structural Family Therapy Model The primary goal of therapists entails heralding repetition of sequences. This goal is accomplished through interruptions of familial hierarchical structures. This process involves power shifting through the alteration of interaction styles. However, in the case of structural family therapy, the therapist plays the role of changing dysfunctional structures of a family by facilitating growth of various individuals with the objective of inducing positive transformation of the whole (family) as the strategy for developing new ways of interaction. Through the structural family therapy, therapists also play the role facilitating system restructuring. They also act as choreographers and directors of the desired change. For example, in case of Anthony, a therapist has the role of building the cognition that Mrs. Brown is not the only source of power in the family. Secondly, the therapist needs to demonstrate to Anthony that targeting weak peers with his violent behaviors is an unacceptable norm. Therefore, he can realize that his father was wrong when he was abusing his mother and that such behaviors have bad consequences on both, including divorce or suspension from school. The structural family therapy closely relates to the theory of change. It advocates the alteration of family relationships to build different schemes that then influence all components of the family system. The manner in which a parent’s past shapes the social development of a child is widely not predictable. Thus, “parenting can be viewed as a longitudinal trajectory–accumulative, sequential pathway in which continuities and/or changes occur across time” (GutmanFamily Therapy Model and Application: Structural Family Therapy Case Study

ESL 262 De Anza College The Great Depression Midterm Exam

essay help online ESL 262 De Anza College The Great Depression Midterm Exam.

Hello Students,If you are reading this, that means the midterm is available now– yay! You can choose whether you want to use the PDF or PPTX that I emailed to you, or you can use the link below to access the midterm: (Links to an external site.)Please note the link above is not edit-friendly. This means if you decide to use the link to access the midterm, you must go to “File” –> “Make a copy” –> “Entire presentation” in order to edit the file directly with your answers.I understand it can be challenging to “write” onto a PDF or PPTX, so feel free to be creative in how you choose to write your answers– you can delete the wrong answers, you can highlight the right answers, you can make a check mark onto the right answer, you can put a circle or underline or box around the right answer… it is up to you.It doesn’t matter how you choose to indicate the right answer as long as it is obvious to me that you have one answer choice. If your submission does not clearly indicate the right answer, I won’t be able to give you points. So, please avoid using ambiguous or vague ways to show your answer to the question.
ESL 262 De Anza College The Great Depression Midterm Exam

WCC The Famous Dominican Juan Luis Guerra and The Caribbean History essay

WCC The Famous Dominican Juan Luis Guerra and The Caribbean History essay.

CARIBBEAN HISTORY We are going to write about the famous Dominican Juan Luis Guerra. PLEASE IF YOU KNOW HIM OR IF YOU ARE DOMINICAN THAT WILL BE BETTER AND MORE EASY!!JUAN LUIS GUERRAWrite a 750 word (or more) paper discussing a celebrated person or event that exposed the world at large to the culture of the region. This paper must be submitted with a cover sheet, in-text citations and a works cited page according to either MLA or APA formatting. At the end of the paper answer the following question. ( BRIEF SUMMARY WHAT YOU WROTE )how this person introduce the rest of the world to Caribbean culture ??
WCC The Famous Dominican Juan Luis Guerra and The Caribbean History essay



Question 1
A newly formed dance group,  Mega Max has released a single,
Economexy. Assume that the download price for their new single is $1.20
and the number of downloads per day world-wide is 5,000. What will
happen to the market for this single if the following four events occur:
(i) The population of dance music fans decreases AND the productivity in
the music production increases.
(ii) Dance fans switch away from dance music to R&B music AND the
price of MP3 players increases.
(iii) The number of other dance singles decreases AND income increases.
(iv) One of the artist’s in  Mega Max is rumoured to have died AND
the download price of rival group’s Techno New Syd West’s single, Bang,
decreases substantially to $0.20 .
Each event (i, ii, iii and iv) occurs independently (ceteris paribus).
For each of the following events, explain what will happen to the
equilibrium price and the equilibrium quantity for the download of
Economexy. For each part, you must:
• Draw an appropriately labeled diagram,
• Show the adjustment process from the original to the new equilibrium,
• And a detailed written explanation of this adjustment process.
Question 2
A. Show how the imposition of a tax on either the buyers or sellers in a
market has the same effect on equilibrium price and quantity. Make sure
you use appropriate diagrams in your answer.
B. Assume that the demand and supply curves in a market for cigarettes
are represented by the following equations: P = 200 – 0.5Q and P = 0.5Q.
The government then decides to impose a tax of $20 per unit on sellers
in this market. Assume that the market is already efficient prior to the
imposition of the tax.
a. Calculate the equilibrium price and quantity before the imposition of
the tax, and draw the demand and supply curves in this market, showing
all relevant information.
b. Show what the tax does to the market in the diagram drawn in (i)
c. Calculate the equilibrium price and quantity after the imposition of
the $20 per unit tax.
d. Calculate the tax revenue collected by the government, and the tax
incidence of this tax on buyers and sellers.
Question 3
Assume the production of coal involves the generation of a negative
A. Explain how the equilibrium level of output would be determined in
the market for coal, assuming no attempt is made to internalise the
externality. Is that equilibrium efficient? Use a diagram(s) as part of
your explanation.
B. What is a Pigovian Tax? Explain how the imposition of a Pigovian Tax
could alter the equilibrium in this market. How does the tax impact on
the efficiency of this market? Use a diagram(s) as part of your answer.
You are free to augment the diagram you used in (a) in your answer to
C. What other solutions could be used to remedy this negative
externality? You do not need to describe these remedies in detail.
Question 4
Assume that there are two categories of goods: protein shakes and all
other products.
A. Show using diagrams how a consumer’s demand curve for protein shakes
can be derived from an indifference map and a budget constraint diagram.
Make sure you explain your answer in detail.
B. Using a different set of diagram/s deconstruct the price effect into
the substitution effect and the income effect. Take note to define each