This assignment focuses on gender roles characterized in fairy tales, folktales, myths, and legends.
Discuss the role gender has played with the characters found in folklore using at least three stories to
support your conclusions. First ask yourself how males and females are typically portrayed in folklore. Is
this representative of their culture? Using your three story examples, identify the hero/heroine and provide
examples or details from the story that demonstrate how their gender is being represented. This
assignment should be 1 full page in length using MLA format. If need be it can be 2 pages but no more than that. CINDERELLA CAN NOT BE USED AS ONE OF THE 3 STORIES. NOTE: Please use only the SurLaLune or Ashliman sites for your fairy and folk tale selections, and steer away completely from favorite films, YouTube recitals, or recent rewrites of a tales. You should mention details in the stories and key behaviors of the characters that support yourposition about gender roles in folktales. But avoid plot summaries.
Heroes and Heroines: Gender Roles in Folklore
Guidelines for Article Summaries/Critiques will provide an overall summary of the article and should be at least 2.0 pages, double spaced (at least 600 words). Use the APA Style Manual (6th Ed) for the critiques.The review will include 3 headings: Article Summary, Article Critique and Article Reference. • Article Summary – You can use this heading for the summary or you can use this as the main heading and use sub-headings. This is worth approximately 35% of the total. • Article Critique – What did you think about the article? Was it easy to understand? Did the author(s) correctly interpret the data? Did the author(s) provide new information? This is the most important part of your effort. You have to tell me what was good about the article and what could be better. If you do not include a critique you lose approximately 35% of the total points for this assignment.III. Article Reference – This should allow the reader to locate the article. It should include a properly formatted (via APA style) full citation. The Authors names go first (last name and initial), then the year of publication, then the title of the article. The title of the journal goes next and finally the issue number, volume number and page number. This is worth about 10% of the total points.The summary/critique shall be typed and written in complete sentences. All written material will be assessed for content as well as neatness, spelling, and grammar.Approximate point breakdown: Summary = 35%, Critique = 35% points, Article Reference = 10%, Section Headings and grammar = 20%
Model Curriculum for OSH Key to Becoming a Profession Article Summary
Partnership Relationship Between Teachers and Parents
Partnership Relationship Between Teachers and Parents. A Vital Partnership for Schools Parents play a crucial role in facilitating their child’s learning. This connection with learning is indispensable and continues through all aspects of a child’s life, especially during their schooling years. According to Karen Mapp (2003) there is a renewed national focus within the last decade on the role that families and communities play in their child’s educational development. This calls for the wider community to amplify their contribution to a child’s development and enhance their learning experience. A public policy that addresses how schools and community/ parent partnerships can engage with learning is key to creating a positive learning environment for young people. According to the National Research Council, (2001) and the U.S Department of Education (2000) “Family involvement in education has been identified as a beneficial factor in young children’s learning” (as cited in Fantuzzo, McWayne, PerryPartnership Relationship Between Teachers and Parents
Sexual Content in Broadcast Media: United States Case Essay
cheap assignment writing service Sexual Content in Broadcast Media: United States Case Essay. United States Case Study The television was invented around 1925 but became popular in 1950s, and in America, there were more than 50million television sets in use during that period. Nearly every living room in America had a TV. Questions were then raised about the content, whether to regulate it or not, and how to regulate it. The television and radio were similar in some ways: both were broadcasted through airwaves (before cable), and both were regulated by the federal government. This paper shall discuss these issues in depth. Since the beginning of broadcast regulation, there were not enough channels for all who wished to broadcast their information, the electromagnetic spectrum had been deemed to be a publicly owned natural resource. The “scarce public resource” then made simple come up with broadcast regulation basis. Both television and radio broadcasters operated under the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). With this, broadcasters applied, for licenses, to use a section of the “public property”, a definite frequency (UCSB SexInfo Online n.p.). Broadcasters, on the other hand, had a duty to serve the society’s interests. The obligation requires a licensee to ascertain the society’s needs and then provide a service to cater for those needs of the society. The FCC has the right to censor or restrict content with obscene material, requires fairness in political programming and segment broadcast percentages for certain content, for example, content for “public use” (Kaarina 233). Obscene programming is considered whereby an average person, with contemporary community standards, finds the material appealing to the prurient interest; the content demonstrates or defines sexual behavior in an offensive way; the material lacks literary, political, artistic or scientific value. Indecent programming is whereby the contemporary community standards measures the broadcast medium and describes excretory or sexual activities and organs in the broadcast (Kaarina 231). Indecent material was prohibited in the 1950s but later it was only aired after hours when the children have slept. The meaning of “indecent content” has changed over time. The National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters (Center for Media Education 5) then came up with ways to call for censorship whereby there was self-censor with decency standards and production codes. The first Amendment of the US Constitution declares that the congress shall not make any law that will abridge the freedom of speech or the freedom of the press (Perebinossoff 234). However, the state legislatures and the congress have tried to hold back speech that is considered indecent, harmful to minors, obscene or injurious to children, such as pornography (Perebinossoff 234). Common legislation seeking to regulate media content is seen mostly in an election year. The US content regulation differs by the medium of expression. The 1st Amendment projection has affected the print publications to the highest degree. Radio and Television, on the other hand, have enjoyed the least protection degree. Initially the Fairness Doctrine and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) required broadcasters to have time to reply to those who said their views were criticized (Center for Media Education 24). That rule was then killed in 1987. Another rule that still stands till now is the “equal time law” for the political candidates. The broadcasters are restricted to barring the transmission of profane material, obscene content or indecent material over the airwaves. These rules do not apply to print publications. Congress has tried repeatedly to tackle this problem. However, their efforts have been in vain. They came up with the Communications Decency Act, 1996, which was struck down as unconstitutional. It then came up with Child Online Protection Act (COPA), 1998, which still remains in a legal uncertainty. It went ahead and came up with the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA), 2000, which has been upheld by the Supreme Court of the country (Wayne 234). CIPA facilitated the use of technologies to filter and keep off pornographic content from computer screens in schools and libraries which received funds from the federal government. Indecent content is material which contains excretory or sexual material that is not at the level of obscenity and is clearly offensive. The First Amendment protects indecent speech though the Supreme Court has held it back. The high court allowed restriction of indecency for some certain main, for instance, TV and radio broadcasts. The same court recently disallowed Congress proscribing of indecent material on the internet or cable TV. The Federal Communications Commission’s rule of banning obscene and indecent material from being broadcasted on the radio or TV was backed by the Supreme Court. The Court established a public interest in the prevention of transmission of questionable material via broadcast medium, from 6.00am to 10.00pm. From 1978 up to around 2004, the FCC enforcement of rules against indecency was limited, that was until the Janet Jackson and Bono sagas. Janet Jackson, who was considered “the infamous wardrobe malfunction”, on February 1, 2004, was featured in the Super Bowl XXXVIII which was aired by CBS (Gunter 67). The show featured many celebrities, including Kid Rock in a poncho from an American flag cutout. Dancers repeatedly grabbed their crotches writhing to the music. In the finale, Justin Timberlake ripped one side of Janet Jackson’s bustier which then exposed her right breast to hundreds of millions of viewers in a split of a second. Many viewers were not sure of what they saw until the radio, internet, and newspapers accounted on the next day. Others wanted to have a second look. Hence, the show became the most replayed over the TiVo digital video recorders. CBS was fined by the FCC $3.5 million, the highest penalty ever, for this and other indecency violations. CBS refused, insisting that the incident was not planned for, which then turned around to the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia and challenged the indecency fine. Another account was on a rock star called Bono. He was awarded in the Golden Globe Awards on January 19, 2003. The awards were broadcasted live and without taped delay. While accepting the award, he declared, “…this is fucking brilliant…” (Perebinossoff 234). The FCC Enforcement Bureau declared that he did not use the word to describe sexual activities or sexual or excretory organs. Thus, there was no basis for the argument in the indecency law. Congress managed to pass the Broadcast Decency Enforcement Act, 2006, increasing the fines to $325,000 for each day of a violation or the violation itself, and a maximum of $3 million for failure to act or any single act. However, in 2007, the Second Circuit Court of Appeals said that fines could not be collected from companies for so-called “fleeting expletives” because, in recent times, even top leaders use the expletives in a manner that no reasonable individual would believe that it has been used to describe excretory or sexual organs or activities. There were several acts against obscenity and indecency including Child Pornography Protection Act (CPPA) was passed in 1996. It banned all visual depictions of minors, even if no minor is used. This law was then considered unconstitutional because it focuses on canning the content instead of banning the production. Deleting Online Predators Act (DOPA) was passed in 2006 by Congress but was not voted by the Senate. The bill mandated e-rate portion to prevent minors from accessing chat-rooms and commercial social networks in schools and libraries. This measure would not grant the FCC the power to regulate or decide which sites were to be blocked. In 2003, Congress passed the PROTECT Act (Prosecutorial RemediesSexual Content in Broadcast Media: United States Case Essay
Annotated Bibliography- Sociocultural Theory and its constructs
Annotated Bibliography- Sociocultural Theory and its constructs. Paper details Discuss the underlying principles of Sociocultural theory (SCT), its main tenets, its implications for learning theory, and its implications for language teaching; • In particular how can ZPD model and mediation be used to help ESL students? • Summarize and discuss- a particular application of SCT to language assessment known as Dynamic assessment • How can they all be addressed cohesivlely under the Sociocultural Theory? • How can they all be collaborated in the classroom?Annotated Bibliography- Sociocultural Theory and its constructs
The United States Federal Government’s Use of Cyber Operations
To determine where cyber operations are beneficial or harmful, we must first know what they are. According to James E. Cartwright, General of the United States Marine Corps, cyber operations are defined as “the employment of cyber capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace. Such operations include computer network operations and activities to operate and defend the global information grid.” Now that we have a definition, we must determine what we are weighing as most beneficial or most important. I offer the following framework to determine the benefits or harms of cyber operations, lives. If cyber operations have saved more lives than hurt, then they are beneficial. If the opposite is true, then cyber operations would be harmful. We will first look at arguments promoting cyber operations, then those against. Finally, we will weigh the benefits and harms and determine whether cyber operations are good or not. The first argument presented will be limiting terrorism and promoting peace within the middle east. The United States use of offensive cyber operations within the region have reduced physical boots on the ground. The cyber operations do this by trading off physical military attacks and defense with cyber-attacks. Battles of the future will be waged online. Reducing boots on the ground is key to stopping anti-American sentiment as “military intervention and nation building efforts, even at current “light footprint” levels, cause more problems than they solve, including spawning more anti-American sentiment and creating, rather than diminishing, the conditions that lead to terrorism.” (CATO) Once we reduce the military personal in the middle east, then this sentiment that leads to terrorism will be diminished. Without the anti-American sentiment, even current terrorist groups no longer have that specific reason to go after the us, and terrorist recruitment in those areas would be down. Secondly, cyber operations limit online terrorist recruitment. Over the past few years, thousands of individuals from the west have become indoctrinated, and continuously radicalized until they physically go and join these groups. Cyber operations are key to solving this, as recent cyber operations have had monumental success in shutting down the infrastructure of ISIS. Shutting down the infrastructure stops ISIS and other terrorist groups from putting up websites. If instead cyber operations were to just attack the websites, then ISIS could put a new one up within minutes, and nothing would change. However, by shutting down infrastructure, ISIS is no longer able to put up websites for the time that the computers and servers are down, which stops foreign recruitment for that month that its down. Russia is currently expanding at the fastest rate of any country. This is bad for a multitude of reasons. Russia is known for violating human rights and not promoting democracy. Cyber operations deter Russia in a couple key ways. The first of which is deterrence. Offensive cyber operations could instill a fear of retaliation into Russia. The United States has begun to attack Russia’s power grid, and if need arises, shut it down. Shutting down Russia’s power grid is a bold move on the United States part, resulting in costing Russia millions of dollars as well as killing civilians. Russia would then be so afraid of doing something wrong, and the United States shutting it down again, that they would stop their imperialistic tendencies. United states cyber operations result in a unified NATO, that checks Russian aggression. NATO currently does not have a cyber command force. This means that NATO relies heavily on the United States cyber operations for protection. The United States defense department has announced a new plan, that says that the United States is not only willing to become NATO’s crutch and protector but has committed to becoming more offensive and defensive on behalf of NATO allies. If NATO becomes a unified front, then NATO can check Russian aggression towards Ukraine, and other countries where Russia is becoming imperialistic. Look to Iran, where cyber operations are being effectively used to prevent a war between the United States and Iran. President trump has decided to pull back from a retaliatory strike against Iran for the downing of a surveillance drone. Instead of using the classic missiles and guns, trump has decided that cyber operations are the war of the future, and instead approved a cyber strike that disabled computer systems used by Iran’s Islamic revolutionary guard corps to control rocket and missile launches. Not only did these cyber operations result in the stoppage of Iran’s ability to launch missiles against us and prevent United States death, these cyber operations also prevented Iranian civilian death, as missile strikes, and guns are bound to have collateral damage. In Iran, Offensive cyber operations are key to continuing trade through the strait of Hormoz. The strait of Hormoz is a narrow passage in the Persian Gulf between Omani and Iranian territory, it facilitates the movement of 30 to 35 percent of the world’s maritime oil trade. Close to 17 million barrels of oil travel through the strait each day, and all Persian Gulf shipping must travel through it. Recently, Iranian leadership is threatening to close the strait. Not just close the strait to the United states but to the world. This would stop the trade of 35 percent of the world’s oil, just like that. If this goes through and the strait is closed, then “oil could surge to $250 a barrel” from the current price of 57.24 dollars. This would result in the prices of gas shooting up and being extremely detrimental to many world economies. According to CNBC, “oil gained more than 20 percent in the first half of 2018, and odds have been rising that higher crude oil prices will spark the next economic downturn. This should not come as a surprise for any investor who is a student of market history: The last five U.S. recessions were preceded by a rise in oil prices.” Offensive cyber operations can prevent Iran from closing the strait as a report form the Fifth domain finds that “more recently, in June, the United States carried out cyberattacks against Iran in response to Iranian disruptions of shipping through the Strait of Hormuz and the downing of a U.S. surveillance drone. At the same time, two cybersecurity companies reported a spike in Iranian cyberattacks against U.S. government and critical infrastructure targets.” They state that these cyber operations seem to have had the benefit of providing response options short of armed conflict, preventing a war and providing a precedent of deterrence against Iran closing the Strait. Cyber operations are key in preventing many international relations issues and may economic ones as well. The benefits of cyber operations I have laid out as my arguments are as follows: Cyber operations unify NATO and deter Russia’s imperialistic encroaches upon Eurasian countries, cyber operations are key in helping prevent the spread of terrorism, and cyber operations have been shown to stop the strait of Hormoz from being closed. Overall, cyber operations have saved thousands upon thousands of lives, and prevented the retaliation strikes that would cause millions more. For all these reasons, cyber operations are an extremely one-sided debate. Cyber operations are on the side of technology advances humanity, not hurting it. Sources: Cartwright, James E. “Joint Terminology for Cyberspace Operations.” 2010-11 Joint Terminology for Cyberspace Operations, http://www.nsci-va.org/CyberReferenceLib/2010-11-joint Terminology for Cyberspace Operations.pdf. Denning, Dorothy E, and Bradley J. Strawser. “Moral Cyber Weapons.” Moral Cyber Weapons, https://faculty.nps.edu/dedennin/publications/Moral Cyber Weapons – Part-II-CH-6 – 24Oct2013 (3).pdf. Halpern, Sue. “How Cyber Weapons Are Changing the Landscape of Modern Warfare.” The New Yorker, The New Yorker, 18 July 2019, www.newyorker.com/tech/annals-of-technology/how-cyber-weapons-are-changing-the-landscape-of-modern-warfare. Johansson, Anna. “The Future of War Is Cyber.” The Next Web, 4 Mar. 2019, https://thenextweb.com/contributors/2019/01/21/the-future-of-war-is-cyber/. Lamothe, Dan. “How the Pentagon’s Cyber Offensive against ISIS Could Shape the Future for Elite U.S. Forces.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 28 Apr. 2019, www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2017/12/16/how-the-pentagons-cyber-offensive-against-isis-could-shape-the-future-for-elite-u-s-forces/. Lawson, Sean. “What Will Be the Effect of the Latest US Cyberattack on Iran?” Fifth Domain, Fifth Domain, 23 Oct. 2019, www.fifthdomain.com/thought-leadership/2019/10/23/what-will-be-the-effect-of-the-latest-us-cyberattack-on-iran/. Magen, Amichai. “Fighting Terrorism: The Democracy Advantage.” Journal of Democracy, https://www.journalofdemocracy.org/articles/fighting-terrorism-the-democracy-advantage/. Mitts, Tamar. “From Isolation to Radicalization: Anti-Muslim Hostility and Support for ISIS in the West: American Political Science Review.” Cambridge Core, Cambridge University Press, 26 Nov. 2018, https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/american-political-science-review/article/from-isolation-to-radicalization-antimuslim-hostility-and-support-for-isis-in-the-west/C11A754C706DB9F9CAD86D1486A9B97A#. Slav, Irina. “Oil Could Surge to $250 a Barrel If Iran Follows through with Its Threat to Close a Key Choke Point, Analyst Says.” Business Insider, Business Insider, 10 July 2018, www.businessinsider.com/oil-price-250-a-barrel-iran-closes-strait-of-hormoz-2018-7. “Step Back: Lessons for U.S. Foreign Policy from the Failed War on Terror.” Cato Institute, 12 Sept. 2019, https://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/step-back-lessons-us-foreign-policy-failed-war-terror. Timmullaney. “Risks Are Rising That Oil Prices Will Cause next Recession.” CNBC, CNBC, 23 July 2018, www.cnbc.com/2018/07/13/risks-rising-that-oil-prices-will-cause-next-recession.html. “Why Iran Is Threatening to Close the Strait of Hormuz.” RealClearDefense, www.realcleardefense.com/articles/2018/07/06/why_iran_is_threatening_to_close_the_strait_of_hormuz_113583.html.