A project to put on a major international sporting competition has the following major deliverables: Sports Venues, Athlete Accommodation, Volunteer Organization, Security, Events, and Publicity (which has already been broken down into pre-event publicity and post-event publicity.) Prepare a WBS for any single major deliverable on the list. Remember the 100 percent rule, and number your objectives.
Write a 3 page paper for the question above, refer to the text book attached and complete the task in APA format.
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The Concept Of Sustainable Tourism Development Tourism Essay
The current tourism industries depend on an ironic and diverse, natural and built environment for its economic safety and interests. Tourism development which consistently ignores environmental concerns is unlikely to remain viable in the longer term (Pigram, J.J. 1990). As with other industrial sectors and fields of academic study, tourism has also responded to the popularization of the concept of sustainable development. Globally, tourism has been growing rapidly during the last half a century, from25million international tourist arrivals in 1950 to 698million in 2000 (WTO, 2002), and was expected to grow at an average annual rate of 4.3%until 2020 (WTO, 1998). The recent global recession has not caused the tourism industry to grind to a complete halt, and the World Tourism Barometer indicated that the recession only caused a 4% decline in global tourism from 2008-2010 (UNWTO, 2011b) and now it is expected to grow again. The nature of tourism development in any area is affected by a wide range of existing and planned development such as housing, transport, retailing, health service provision, nature conservation and agriculture etc. This essay will discuss issues related with sustainable tourism development and explain the definition and the concept in relation to the tourism industries and the host communities. The last section of this essay is aimed to explain the future of the sustainable tourism development in a destination purpose to suggest ways in which a country can make their tourism industry more sustainable. The concept of sustainable development: Sustainability, sustainable tourism and sustainable development are all well-established terms (Zhenhua Liu, 2003). There are two components in the definition of sustainable development. The meaning of development and the condition necessary for sustainability are those two components (Miltin, 1992). Croall(1995) compares sustainability to the “link between development and conservation”, which should not conflict to each other. According to Bartelmus, development implies a process that makes an effort to improve the living conditions of people (Tosun, 2001). Though it is argued that too much emphasis is placed on relatively short term economic impacts at the cost of considering the long term social and environmental impacts of tourism, thereby encourages in a better awareness of the problems that the industry creates (Holloway et al., 2009). The importance of sustainable development is to carry growing successes into the future in such a way that future generations are not troubled (Pearce et al., 1990). The concept of sustainability first appeared on the public sense in the report by the World Commission on Environment and Development in 1987. The outline of sustainable development is that the economic growth and the environmental conservation are not only friendly but they are partners and one cannot survive without than other .The Brundtland Commission Report definite sustainable development as ‘development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs’ (WCED, 1987). The Commission highlighted that sustainable development is not a fixed national agreement, but an active process of changes which ‘are all in harmony and enhance both current and future potential to meet human needs and aspirations’ (WCED, 1987: 46). It is imagined as leading to management of all resources in such a way that economic, social and aesthetic needs can be fulfilled while maintaining cultural integrity, essential ecological processes, and biological diversity and life support systems. In brief sustainable tourism consists in conserving and preserving an environment for the future generations and providing socio and economic benefits to all stakeholders. According to Gunn (1994), the most applicable definition is given by Rees in 1989. The definition is “Sustainable development is positive socio-economic change that does not undermine the ecological and social systems upon which communities and society are dependent. Its successful implementation requires integrated policy, Planning and social learning process; its political viability depends on the full support of the people it affects through their governments, their social institutions, and their private activities.” Sustainable tourism industry Tourism has become a major economic activity within developed and developing countries, often contributing more foreign currency than traditional primary commodity exports. The growth in the tourism sector and its maturity made people concern that the resources of host countries might be exhausted. Attention have been paid to the relationship between tourism and the environment and to the problems associated with tourism expansion (Pearce 1985; Romeril 1989; Farrell and Runyan 1991; Cater and Godall 2002; Eber 1992; Jenner and Smith 1992). The sustainable development concept arose in response to broader international concerns over ecological issues and has been advocated for the tourism sector as a possible solution to the environmental and social degradation of the industry’s resources and due to the fact that tourism is a resource dependent industry (Cooper, 1995; Murphy, 1998). In a research done by Zhenhua liu (2003) found that sustainability is praised by Bramwell and Lane (1993) and according to them “it is a positive approach intended to reduce the tensions and friction created by the complex interactions between the tourism industry, tourists, environment and the host communities to maintain the long term capacity and quality of both natural and human resources”. There are three objectives of sustainable tourism identified by Cater (1993). Meeting the needs of the host population in terms of improved living standards both in the short and long term; Satisfying the demands of a growing number of tourists; Safeguarding the natural environment in order to achieve both of the preceding aims. Sustainable tourism is a tourism that is developed and maintained in a way that remains economically worthwhile for an indefinite timescale and does not undermine the physical and human environment that stands and cultivate it. The format of this tourism must be economically sustainable. If it is not economically sustainable and profitable then a doubtful matter to know whether it is environmentally sustainable. Tourism that is unprofitable and impractical will simply terminate to be present or exist (Harris et al., 2002). Considering many definitions and concepts of sustainable development Rogers et al., (2001) mentioned that there are three operational criteria of sustainable development. These three operational criteria are related one another. If any destination wants to be sustainable and wants to develop and improve their infrastructure they must have to consider these three factors. Three criteria are: -Economic objectives should not be maximised without satisfying environmental and social constrain. -Environmental benefits should not necessarily maximise without satisfying economic and social constraints. -Social benefits should not be maximised without satisfying economic and environmental constraint. The goal of environmentally sustainability is a maximum level of desired outcome such as economic profit, quality of life what will maintain in a steady way, subject to constraints imposed by environment. Basis on this concept it can be said that environmentally sustainable tourism implies a key importance on maintaining a certain level of environmental quality. This is highlighting that, a sustainable environment and a viable tourism industry are essential elements to make an environmentally sustainable tourism (Johnston
Economics homework help
nursing essay writing service Economics homework help. Article:, Buzan, Barry & Little, Richard. 2000. International Systems in World History: Remaking the Study of International Relations.Oxford: Oxford University Press.,Buzan, Barry & Little, Richard. 2000. International Systems in World History,Article:, Buzan, Barry & Little, Richard. 2000. International Systems in World History: Remaking the Study of International Relations.,Oxford: Oxford University Press.,At the seminar, we will examine each of the major topics:,Firstly, the early origins of international Systems,,Secondly, the emergence of the modern state, and,Thirdly, the long-term trajectory of the international system.,Your task, based on a thorough reading of the article, will also be to contribute to the discussion based on the perspective advanced in the article you have studied.,You should try to apply the framework of Buzan and Little (2000) to your article.,Not all the authors explicitly mention these concepts but you can use your understanding of the framework to address the relevant aspects of the framework through the article you have chosen:,Firstly, what are the main types of source materials used in the article to construct its argument?,Secondly, what are the main constituent units of the system studied in the article?,Thirdly, what is their structural relationship?,Fourthly, what does the article say about the interaction capacity of the actors mentioned?,Further, what processes formed the main basis of their interaction?,Additionally, what sectors does the article focus on?,Finally, be well prepared, as all groups will present.,We will also discuss the central points of agreement and difference in the articles. Hence, in addition to your ‘own’ article, you should read (but do not need to present) at least one other article from the list, to help the discussion.,Early international relations and modern IR,• Bagby, L.M.J. 1994, “The use and abuse of Thucydides in international relations”, International, Organization, 48:1, pp. 131-153.,• Abu-Lughod, J. 1990, “Restructuring the Premodern World-System”, Review (Fernand Braudel, Center), 13:2, pp. 273-286.,The emergence of and contested role of the modern state, • De Carvalho, B., Leira, H. & Hobson, J.M. 2011, “The Big Bangs of IR: The Myths That Your, Teachers Still Tell You about 1648 and 1919”, Millennium – Journal of International Studies, 39:3, pp. 735-758.,• Spruyt, H. 2002, “The Origins, Development and Possible Decline of the Modern State”, Annual Review of Political Science, 5:1, pp. 127-149.,The evolution of international and world systems, • Buzan, Barry and Lawson, George (2013) “The Global Transformation: The Nineteenth Century and the Making of Modern International Relations”, International Studies Quarterly 57: 620-34, the article should be read together with Musgrave, P. and Nexon, D.H. (2013) “Singularity or Aberration? A Response to Buzan and also Lawson”, International Studies Quarterly 57, 637–639,• Zielonka, J. 2012, “Empires and the Modern International System”, Geopolitics 17:3, pp. 502-525,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Economics homework help
Writer’s Choice. Paper details Considering the characteristics and possible problems of the United States electoral system; Answer the following questions based on above statement; 1. What rules or characteristics from other countries do you think could be adopted in the United States? 2. What positive or negative effects do you think it would have in the United States elections? Note: Answers can be directly given to the above questions. No need to do any formatting or writing the paper in essay format.Writer’s Choice
Physical Security Mitigation & External Threats and Countermeasures Discussion
Physical Security Mitigation & External Threats and Countermeasures Discussion.
Using proper APA formatting, write a 300-word discussion per each question and plagiarism free.Q1).Physical Security mitigation for External Threats and Countermeasures. Search the Internet for an article for examples of physical security Physical Security mitigation for External Threats and Countermeasures. Why is Physical Security mitigation for External Threats and Countermeasures ? So crucial in a data center?Please cite two sourcesQ2).Search the Internet for an article on a case study pertaining Biometrics in the Criminal Justice System and Society TodayPlease cite two sourcesQ3). Crime Prevention through Environmental Design(CPTED)’ and the type of social behaviors it attempts to enhance. Search the Internet for an article where Information Security failed.Propose and discuss possible changes in that organization’s Information Security that could have prevented the breach/failure for that scenario.Q4).Search the Internet for an article on a physical security disaster plan .Please cite two sources
Physical Security Mitigation & External Threats and Countermeasures Discussion