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Hearing Problems and the Evolution of Children

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Hearing is an important aspect of our everyday lives. If there is some sort of damage to either one’s outer ear, middle ear, or inner ear, hearing loss can arise. Hearing loss can occur both at the time of birth or over time as a result of an injury or disorder. Any type of hearing loss that emerges in children will affect their ability to hear, but it can also alter their ability to develop speech, language, and social skills as they evolve in life. The different varieties of hearing loss are known as conductive, sensorineural, mixed, and central. Conductive hearing loss is described as an issue occurring in either the outer or middle ear. One of the main problems could occur from an obstruction to the external ear canal which results in sound not being able to move to the tympanic membrane to the middle ear to the inner ear and finally to the brain. Another cause of conductive hearing loss is when there is fluid present in the middle ear, which is called otitis medias. These are examples of how a conductive hearing loss can occur over time. However, this hearing loss can also emerge because an individual is born with an irregularity to their tympanic membrane or to their ossicles that are located in the middle ear. In many cases, this type of hearing loss is considered temporary. In this case, it is able to be treated with medicine or if needed, surgery. Sensorineural hearing loss is a category which differs from conductive as it results from an issue that arises in the inner ear as opposed to the outer or middle ear. It stems from damage to the hair cells in the inner ear that help in transducing mechanical movements into electrical impulses which are then sent to the brain. With damage to the hair cells, sound vibrations are not able to be converted into electric signals and those signals do not get sent to the brain. Typically, a sensorineural hearing loss happens at birth, or, in other words, it is genetic. However, as with conductive hearing loss, sensorineural can also develop over time. If a child is exposed to loud noises for a long period of time, this can result in damage to the hair cells and even death of hair cells, creating the same issue in the inner ear as those with the genetic condition. Unlike conductive hearing loss, this normally cannot be treated with medicine or surgery, it has been found to be permanent. Mixed hearing loss is described as a combination of the two hearing losses already discussed, conductive and sensorineural. Lastly, central hearing loss occurs when the cochlea appears to be functioning properly, but there are other parts of the brain that are not. This type of hearing loss is much more difficult to diagnose and therefore, more difficult to treat. In this class, we talked a lot about frequency. Frequency can be defined as the amount of cycles that occur in a set amount of time. This is closely related with pitch and is an essential concept when talking about hearing loss. As discussed before, an inner ear hearing loss comes with damage to the hair cells that are found in the cochlea. This causes a hearing loss in a specific frequency range. This idea can be described by the place theory which says that our recognition of sound depends on where on the basilar membrane the vibration occurs and at what frequency. The basilar membrane is inside the cochlea and detects high frequencies at the base and low frequencies at the apex. If there is hair cell damage to the base of the basilar membrane, that child will experience hearing loss of high frequency sounds and just the opposite if there is hair cell damage to the apex, they will experience hearing loss of low frequency sounds. All the hearing losses listed above can affect a child’s life in many different ways. The earlier one of these hearing losses develops, the greater the effect is on how that child evolves. However, if the problem is identified early, that impact will be less severe. Not only are the child’s hearing abilities altered, but their speech and language are as well. If a child cannot hear, they may not be able to produce speech the same way as a child with no hearing deficits. It makes it much more difficult for them to develop speech and language which then affects how these children will learn. Hearing loss can create obstacles and frustrations in children academically and socially. As discussed before, there are different categories of hearing loss, but there are different degrees of hearing loss as well. These can range from mild to profound. If a child has some sort of mild hearing loss, they will be able to hear sounds at around 25-40 dB but may have trouble hearing and understanding soft speech and/or speech from a distance. If a teacher turns their back to write something on a board, but they continue to talk, this makes it very difficult for a child with a mild hearing loss to get what the teacher was saying and can cause them to miss a lot of the lesson. This could cause some sort of delay in academic performance as they are missing a portion of what their other classmates are not. A child with a moderate hearing loss, will be able to hear sounds at around 40-55 dB. They will most likely have trouble hearing regular speech, even if they are in close distance of the where the sound is coming from. Within moderate hearing loss, one could be diagnosed with moderately severe hearing loss. Individuals are able to hear sounds within 55-70 dB but nothing quieter than 55 dB in most cases. With severe hearing loss, children are able to hear sounds at around 70-90 dB. With this degree of hearing loss, most normal speech is unable to be heard, children generally can only hear shouting. Lastly, a child with a profound hearing loss will hear sounds at around 90 dB and above but nothing below that. These children may be able to recognize loud sounds as vibrations, but they are not able to hear much with this degree of hearing loss. It has been shown that children with any type of hearing loss, no matter what level of degree listed above, struggle with social skills and pragmatics. Communication is crucial for relationships, and children with a hearing loss may develop certain social skills slower than other children their age. For example, a child may not be able to hear their own voice when speaking, therefore children cannot tell if they are speaking loudly or not loudly enough. This type of problem affects a child’s social skills, as it interferes with what is perceived as “normal” in a conversation which can then lead to social isolation for these children. How a child develops is heavily reliant on their ability to process sound. It aids the development of speech, language, and basic communicational skills. However, there are many problems that can arise with hearing. There are different hearing losses that can be either genetic or occur as one develops in life, but they are pretty common for children. It is important to be aware of these different varieties of hearing loss and what these children may be experiencing academically and socially. This will help them succeed and provide them with guidance as they adjust to different learning strategies. With concepts relating to Physics, we can further understand the different varieties and degrees of hearing loss that occur in children and use that information to aid in assisting them. As a future educator, it is critical to be informed on these different impairments as we want to make sure that every child is able to learn and achieve their goals throughout their lives. References ASHA. (n.d). Causes of Hearing Loss in Children. Retrieved from ASHA. (2017, December 8). Sensorineural Hearing Loss. Retrieved from ASHA. (2017, December 8). Conductive Hearing Loss. (n.d.). Retrieved from Lisa Packer Lisa Packer,
Hofstra University Walt Disney Companys Financial & Operating Performance Case Study.

1.What is your assessment of The Walt Disney Company’s financial and operating performance in fiscal years 2013-2017? What is your assessment of the relative contribution of each business unit to the financial strength of Disney based on the 2015 through 2017 fiscal year financial data?
2.What actions do you recommend that The Walt Disney Company’s management take to improve the company and increase shareholder value? Are there specific actions that you recommend to successfully integrate the 21st Century Fox or improve the likelihood of success for Disney’s direct-to-consumer and over-the-top media services? Your recommended actions must be supported with a convincing, analysis-based argument.
Hofstra University Walt Disney Companys Financial & Operating Performance Case Study

ENG102 Composition II (2, MOD4 discussion post responses 150 words and 1 APA cited reference each)

ENG102 Composition II (2, MOD4 discussion post responses 150 words and 1 APA cited reference each). I’m studying for my Writing class and don’t understand how to answer this. Can you help me study?

Please respond to both POST1: and POST2: with at least 150 words and 1 APA cited reference each.


Sections from English Composition II: Rhetorical Methods–Based:

Classical Essay Structure
Writing for Success: Outlining

Sections of The Process of Research Writing:

Chapter 2: Understanding and Using the Library and the Internet for Research
Chapter 7: The Critique Exercise

CSU-Global. (2019). Argumentative Paper Format and Outline Template.


Section in The Process of Research Writing: Chapter 5: The Working Thesis Exercise
American Psychological Association. (2019). Basics of APA style tutorial. Retrieved from
CSU-Global Campus Library. (2017, September 1). In-text citations overview.
Difference Between. (2017). Difference between bibliography and references. Retrieved from

Module 4 – Discussion
I did my interview with Daniel Alvarez who is a Philosophy professor at Aims Community College. I narrowed by topic to, “To be successful in any college career field, a college degree is necessary, or can a successful career be obtained without a college degree?”I wanted to ask questions that related to my topic that I would not easily find answers to. I asked the professor 10 questions as follows:

What do you think or some careers that doesn’t require a college degree?
How can one take what they learned in college and apply it to their careers?
What are some of the reasons that you can think of as, reasons why students drop out of college?
Are there any career options for college dropouts? If so, what are they?
What is the likelihood of finding a career in one’s area of study?

6: What is some advice given to first year college students in choosing the best career option?

How can college graduates apply learned materials in college to their careers?
What are some options available for students with financial difficulties?
What advice would you provide to college graduates on student loan repayment?
A lot of employers require work expedience when applying for a job, how would you advice a college graduate to “sell themselves” during an interview with no work experience?

Some career’s professor Alvarez listed that doesn’t require a college degree are trade careers such as automatics, carpentry, and food services. However, he noted that many trades are becoming specialized and requires various certification and in-dept training. Regarding apply what students learn in college to their career, professor Alvarez mention that it depends on the area of study. He illustrated that because he teaches philosophy courses and a great deal of critical thinking is involved, students can apply critical thinking to any real-life situation. He mentions that students dropped out of college for various reasons such as lack of funds necessary to complete their education. Also, students may feel that they simply don’t belong. They may feel lonely and out of place at the college and or university. The biggest reason why student’s dropout of college is because they are completely overwhelmed by the fast pace and workload of college. The career opportunities mention for college dropouts were areas such as trade school that prefer work experience qualifications/formal education qualifications, like welding and roofing.
In relation to the likelihood of finding a career in one area of study, professor Alvarez explained that it depends on the area of study, the economy, and the demand for the job in the first place. If there is a low demand for medical professionals (say nurses), and an oversaturation of nurses coming out of college, then it would seem most likely that finding a career will be hard to come by. In advising first year college students, he stated to find a career that one loves doing first and then figure out how to make a living at it. He mentions that college graduates can apply their learning to their careers in many ways, since many careers require their employees to solve problems and complete projects efficiently, he would hope that with completing college, students have learned both these skills. Some options given for students with financial difficulties range from financial assistance programs to work study programs so that students can continue their education. To repay student loans, he advises that student work with their student loan repayment company, so they can get the payments as low as possible. On advising students in an interview, he advice students to sell the potential employer on the student’s soft skills such as communication skills and critical thinking skills. These skills are almost always sought out by any future employer.
I learned a lot from this interview and the information will be helpful to my research paper.

Hi Class,
For my interview, it was tough to find a ENT to speak to me. Instead I searched for someone in a group online. I was able to find a woman name Michelle O’Neil, who has personally experienced Recurrent Croup and Bronchoscopy, in her children and herself. She has been very helpful and patient with my millions of questions.
She has provided great lengths of information of findings after the bronchoscopy procedure. With Subglottic Stenosis being number 1, and GERD being 2nd.
The first question asked was: Did your primary care physician keep taking the easy way out and just prescribing steroid after steroid? Yes, my children’s PCP, did take the easy way out for about 3 years.
2. What were the findings in the Bronchoscopies? Herself and her daughter had 60% narrow airway and Laryngeal webbing. Her son had 70% narrow airway and needed reconstructive surgery. Her daughter also has acid reflux that contributes to the croup cough. The children are older now, 17 and 24, and still sometimes need to be treated with steroids, inhalers or nebulizers.
3. How do doctors diagnose Acid Reflux? For acid reflux, the surgeon may notice signs of a red throat during the Bronchoscopy and order a swallow study test.
4. How is GERD treated? A Nissen procedure, tie up esophagus.
5. Do you know what the likelihood of a children leaving the procedure with no answers is? Sometimes they do not find a cause for the recurrent croup, and sometimes wait to see if they outgrow it. Usually if the child has horrible narrowing, they can always fix it. If they do not find anything during the procedure, they may recommend the child to see a immunologist, pulmonologist or an gastroenterologist.
These are only 5, of maybe, 20 questions I asked. She is helpful and continues to provide me with new and important information. This information helps me conduct my thesis. I have also learned a lot of new things, that I did not learn in my research. I should maybe start using different search words.

ENG102 Composition II (2, MOD4 discussion post responses 150 words and 1 APA cited reference each)

Sociology homework help

term paper help Sociology homework help. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using “flat panel” displays. Type a 1 page paper. Title page and references not included in page count.,Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using “flat panel” displays,Assignment 9.1: Flat Panel Displays,Assignment Overview and Deliverables, , , Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using “flat panel” displays., Type a 1 page paper. Title page and references not included in page count.,More details;,What are the advantages and disadvantages of LCDs?,The liquid crystal display (LCD) is a flat panel display, electronic visual display, or video display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals which do not emit ,the light ,directly, LCDs are also used in the computer monitors, televisions, the instrument panels, the aircraft cockpit displays, and the signage.,LCDs are available to display the arbitrary images such as in a general-purpose computer display or the fixed images which can be displayed or hidden such as preset words, digits, and 7-segment displays as in a digital clock, They use the same basic technology except that the arbitrary images are made up of a large number of small pixels while other displays have larger elements.,LCDs are use d in DVD players, the gaming devices, the clocks, the watches, the calculators, and the telephones. They have replaced the cathode ray tube (CRT) displays in most applications. They are available in a wider range of screen sizes than CRT and plasma displays, and they do not use phosphors, they do not suffer image burn-in,  LCDs are susceptible to image persistence.,LCD’s have no radiation emission from the screen, they are better under brighter conditions because of anti-glare technology, and LCD TVs are not affect by the increase or decrease in the air pressure.,LCD’s are lighter in weight with respect to the screen size. They can also be used as a computer monitor.  The images appear with greater resolution, and the colors of images look more realistic. They save ,the electricity ,bills because of lower power consumption, they consume less than 1/3 the power of a comparable CRT,  they consume less ,electricity, than a CRT and also produce little heat.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Sociology homework help

Background of Nippon Paint

Background of Nippon Paint. Nepon Paint was first founded in Japan as Komyosha in 1881 by the two brothers Haruta and Jujiro Moteki. Together with their own chief engineer Heikichi Nakagawa, they began their business with projects for the Japanese national navy and soon progressed to the production of viscous paints. In 1896, it moved all its production activities to a newly build factory in the Tokyo. Two years later, Nippon Paint was Japan’s first true diversity paints developed company. Nippon Paint’s presence quickly spread crossways Japan. In 1914, having protected the family bazaar, the company extended into China, India and the South Pacific asia. After creation inroads into Taiwan and North China, Nippon Paint established the Pan into Malaysian Paint Industries in the year 1963 – today it is known as Nippon Paint Singapore. In 1967, four years later on, Nippon Paint Thailand and Malaysia were recognized. ground-breaking product breakthroughs have been a brand of Nippon Paint’s growth through the decades. In 1986, the superior “Photo ED” system for printed course boards was introduced. Nippon Paint (Pakistan) Limited noticeable the winning entry into Pakistan with the first sales going out on the 5th of November 2007. Head quarter in Japan, Nippon Paint is the principal paint producer in Asia. The company is investing $25 million in Pakistan over the next three to five years of time, it will include a manufacturing facility in the District of Kasur, near Lahore. Currently, Nippon Paint is doing dealing with 200 outlets countrywide of which 113 are prepared with the Nippon Paints different Colour Creations and Tinting Systems. We aim to have more than 200 Colour Creations Outlets in the country by the end of the year 2008. The allocation arrangement is being at present spread from the far South, Karachi and Gwadarss to the hilly areas of Mingora and continues to spread. 1. BACKGROUND OF HOST ORGANIZATION 1.1 The Company Profile Company was first founded in the country of Japan as Komyosha in 1881 by two brothers Haruta and Jujiro Moteki. Together with their own chief engineer Heikichi Nakagawa, they began production with projects for the Japanese national navy and soon progressed to the creation of viscous paints. 1.2 Nippon Paint Pakistan (Pvt) Limited Nippon Paint (Pakistan Pvt) Limited distinct the winning entry into Pakistan with their first sales being going out on the 5th of November 2007. Head Quartered in Japan, Nippon Paint is the major paint producer in Asia. The company is goin to invest $25 million in Pakistan in next three to five years, which will include a manufacturing facility in the District of Kasur, near Lahore. Currently, Nippon Paint Pakistan is doing business with more than 200 outlets on a national scale of which 115are equipped with the Nippon Paints latest Colour Creations Tinting Systems. We aim to have more tham 250 Colour Creations Outlets by the end of the year 2010. The allocation network is at present spread from the far South, Karachi and Gwadarss to the hilly areas of Mingora and continues to spread. All certified dealers are prepared with Nippon Paint Colour Creationsâ„¢ which is an innovative computerized paint system which allows the consumer to choose from thousands of colours and the selected colour is made available within minutes. With Nippon Paint Colour Creationsâ„¢, patrons no longer are incomplete by the choices of colours as they can decide from our range of thousands of colours, and the paint will be assorted exact before their eyes. Nippon Paint Colour Creationsâ„¢ is set to change the Pakistan paint marketplace. Nippon Paint has particularly formulated products for the Pakistan market. The five main products organism, Nippon withstand bond for outside walls, Nippon Brilliance Matt Enamel, Nippon Perfect Emulsion and Matex Gold for interior walls, and Nippon 9000 Gloss draw to a close for timber and metal substrate. The special formulation is the consequence of Nippon Paint’s RBackground of Nippon Paint

New York University W 5 Impact of Urbanization Industrialization and Agricultural Practices Paper

New York University W 5 Impact of Urbanization Industrialization and Agricultural Practices Paper.

IMPORTANT NOTE REGARDING WORD LIMIT REQUIREMENTS:Please note that each and every assignment has its own word limit. Urbanization is when the population grows causing migration to cities and towns and could lead to mega-cities or metropolitan areas. Urbanization causes an influx of transportation which causes an increase in carbon dioxide emission. Urbanization also leads to sanitary issues which can cause water contamination and diseases such as cholera. Urbanization also leads to land development for housing and commercialized business which can lead to flooding issues and soil erosions (Wang et al., 2018; Yazdi & Dariani, 2016).Industrialization is a factor of population growth, such as processing natural resources like lumber and coal and advanced transportation systems like airplanes and trains. However, industrialization causes depletion of the earth’s natural resources, such as deforestation because the lumbar is used for furniture manufactory and etc. Also, industrialization causes increased greenhouse gas emissions resulting in air pollution, and improper waste disposal leads to water pollution (Bhandari & Gard, 2015).Agricultural practices are beneficial for humans, but cause a negative impact on land and water. For example, agricultural practices can cause soil erosion, degradation, vegetation loss, overgrazing, overfishing, and deforestation. Also, the use of pesticides and various fertilizers can cause water contamination which is dangerous for human health (EPA, 2015; world wildlife, 2020; world wildlife, 2020).Advancement of technology leads to alternative transportation and energy system that does not release harmful toxic chemicals that result due to urbanization and industrialization, such as solar power infrastructure, tesla vehicles, and go green methods. For agricultural practices, guidelines and restrictions are enforced such as fines on overfishing, using chemicals that are not harmful to humans and the environment, and agricultural practice such as crop rotation or planting tree uphill to prevent flooding and soil erosion are used to promote human and environmental health. ReferenceBhandari, D., & Garg, R. (2015). Effect of industrialization on environment (Indian scenario). Medical Science, 4(12), 281-282. Retrieved from Environmental Protection Agency. (2015). Protecting water quality from agricultural runoff. Retrieved from, L. Y., Xiao, Y., Rao, E. M., Jiang, L., Xiao, Y., & Ouyang, Z. Y. (2018). An Assessment of the Impact of Urbanization on Soil Erosion in Inner Mongolia. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(3), 550. Wildlife. (2020). Forest Conversion. Retrieved from Wildlife. (2020). Soil Erosion. Retrieved from, S., & Dariani, A. (2016). CO2 emissions, urbanization, and economic growth: evidence from Asian countries. Economic Research, 32(1), 510-530. Doi: to the bold paragraph ABOVE by using one of the option below… in APA format with At least two references and a minimum of 200 words….. .(The List of References should not be older than 2016 and should not be included in the word count.) Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.Offer and support an opinion. Validate an idea with your own experience.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleague’s posting. Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT presenting an explanation from the context of ethics and the readings for this class To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for this assignments 1) look at the word/page limits 2) review and follow APA rules 3) create subheadings to identify the key sections you are presenting and 4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.REMEMBER IN APA FORMAT JOURNAL TITLES AND VOLUME NUMBERS ARE ITALICIZED.
New York University W 5 Impact of Urbanization Industrialization and Agricultural Practices Paper