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Health Care Of The Elderly

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that focuses on health care of the elderly. This is the study of the aging process itself. The term comes from the Greek geron meaning “old man” and iatros meaning “healer”. Geriatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with the aged and the problems of the aging.The field of gerontology includes illness prevention and management, health maintenance,and promotion of the quality of life for the aged. The ongoing increase in the number of elder person.The experiences of aging result from interaction of physical,mental,social and cultural factors. Aging as well as the treatment of the elderly, is often determined the way elder person views the process of aging, as well as the manner in which he or she adapts to growing older. A more heterogeneous elderly population than any generation that preceded it can be expected. The majority of elderly seen in the health care setting have been diagnosed with at least 1 chronic condition. Individuals who in the 1970s would not have survived a debelitating illness, such as cancer or a castastrophic health event leki hearth attack, can now life more period of sometimes with a variety of concurrent debilitating conditions. Although age is most consistent and strongest predictor of risk for cancer and for the death from cancer, a mangement of elder cancer patient becomes complex because the choronic conditions, such as osteoarthritis, diabetes, Aging is a broad concept that includes physical changes in people’s bodies over adult life, psychologic changes in their mind and mental capacities, social pyschologic changes in they think and believe, and social changes in how they are viewed, what they expect, and what is expected of them. Aging is constantly evolving concept. Notions that biologic age is more critical than chronologic age when determing health status of the alderly are valid Aging is an individual and extremely variable process. The functional capacity of major body organs varies with advancing age. As one grows older, environmental and lifestyle factors affet the age-related functional changes in body organs GERIATRICS ASSESSMENT
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Strength based model- This model focuses on the strengths, resources of the dementia clients/family and their ability to alzeihmers needs and interests. This model does not ignore the disabilities or problems of the client but it encouraged to discover the Alzheimer’s strengths and their positive basis to help them to create their own lives. It looks at the control of the client with dementia, their abilities and interests instead of looking at the problems. This shows that dementia people still have their own abilities and strengths to achieve their goals. Assessment: Evaluation of the individuals who living with dementia require the same abilities, and whatever other evaluations are in view of the same guideline of individuals situated and individual rights, an elevated requirement of evaluation and administration standards. At the point when the objectives have been recognized, and after that execute. Information and aptitudes of wellbeing capable in Alzheimer’s illness. Exceptional assets can be utilized to survey the client. Figure out which wellbeing and social consideration experts need to cooperate, offer information, shared trust , decrease duplication , cooperate to guarantee the needs of the elderly in degree and unpredictability to be recognized effectively and as per their wishes and inclinations determined. Planning: Planning dementia client consideration projects ought to consider their admiration, values, hobbies and capacities. Assemble an association with the individual you are evaluating, to advance their self-regard. It is very important to understand a man’s specific needs and be strong. Give clear, simple information in a delicate, kind manner. Become familiar with the individuals with dementia individuals, what’s working? What isn’t? What is the individual’s realizing and strengthen needs? What would they like to accomplish, and how would they like to be uphold? As we probably are aware, Alzheimer’s illness is a dynamic sickness, patients with mind harm all the more over the long drag. It will influence their everyday life. Case in point, it will lead them have poor memory, comprehension, convey ability additionally and self-care capacity too. Coordination: It takes a gander at the development of a reuse store, the expedition forever. Management and encourage address current clinical issues of dementia, for example, wellbeing issues, emotional wellness, decrease independence and every day care, solution additionally incorporate social, rooms, livelihood and otherworldly needs. The methodology is in view of the benefits of explanation, the handicapped access to all assets, decision and the privilege to direct administration, dynamic living and support in the public arena. Furthermore, Alzheimer’s sickness that have equivalent privileges of nationals. Alzheimer’s problem who must address the issues of their entitlement to deal with. They have each privilege to settle on their own decisions and choices. Parental figures ought to have a positive correspondence in the middle of patients and guardians to comprehend their needs and what is their objective. Supporting self improvement and self-backing Listening to individuals and gaining from them Involving individuals in choices that influence them Giving backing and supporting support by others Protecting rights through privileges and enactment Ensuring equivalent open doors Practicing hostile to segregation Weakness: As specified above, it takes a gander at dementia client’s close to home capacities and qualities, which implies that we ought to live by dementia client stories and foundations, including training, accept, marriage, interest. For this model, it will invest bunches of energy to enhance the consideration arrangement, let it to be better. For this model, it need guardian know the consideration and individual subtle element for dementia individuals exceptionally well, subsequently they can give the client better care. Then again, in light of need to obviously know the individual point of interest of the customer, it may lead the parental figure all the more substantial work in the event that they are in Strengths: It helps to build the self esteem and sense of competence or accomplishment in client with dementia. It focuses more on the health and well being of dementia client by embracing an asset based approach to the positiveness in dementia client. It also helps to know more things about how to assist the dementia clients with their needs and also help dementia client in dealing with their culture and dignity of community with respect and fairness. It emphasizes more on the strengths and abilities of dementia client rather than their problems. And this model helps to enables dementia clients to maintain their lives and choices to create their own lives. It also help the caregivers to build a good relationship with the dementia clients. Perspectives: It builds a hope through the strengthen relationships with dementia people, community and culture. It emphasizes and strengthens the belief that people are the experts in their own lives and others i.e. carers help them to increase and explain their choices and encourage people with dementia to make their own decisions. Summary: Dementia must face decreased limit and memory trouble. This will influence their day by day lives and their objectives. To enhance this, in view of the client’s capacity, hobbies and capacities, and the quality of the model on the premise of their qualities and potential. It gives individuals the decision to them and helps them accomplish their objectives. It takes a gander at what functions admirably past dementia customers, and help clients keep up the trust that it can make life of dementia clients. It can help dementia to keep up their social exercises and have the privilege to appreciate it right. Case management model: It is a powerful model to oversee and give administrations to address the issues of client’s with dementia. By and large, the different needs of case management coordination and administration of Alzheimer’s sickness, weak dementia care. It gives encouragement, drugs, enthusiastic backing and old dementia of social needs. Case management comes about primarily centred around giving financially knowledge managements, yet the effect on patient consideration prompts a significant change. There are distinctive number of case management model, and also the benefits of the model -based restoration model, business model and clinical case administration. Assessment: Case directors need to have social aptitudes, mental training and emergency mediation abilities. Before you start, caseworkers ought to recognize people with dementia customer’s exceptional needs and objectives, and in addition their wellbeing needs. Its objective is to help customers with dementia discover achievement and fulfilment with negligible expert society’s attack. It begins with an exhaustive useful appraisal and restoration program. To finish it, family and companions ought to be included. A few studies have been watched and what they like to do or what they are keen on is likewise identified with the client’s close to home foundation, including the evaluation of the data age, wage , instruction, convictions, hobbies, and they are extremely helpful effort . Planning: In this procedure, we ought to give Alzheimer’s clients decide to settle on their own choices and accomplish their objectives; the chiefs and guardians assume liability to help dementia clients regulated to accomplish it. For example, we can relate customer’s consideration plan to set a short- term and long haul objective of giving the right item. Case in point, supply the walker, speaker etc. It concentrates on furnishing clients with dementia to be more autonomous and decide to make their inventive lives. We can utilize the verbal and non-verbal, correspondence aptitude to comprehend the customer’s necessities. Coordination: Take clients’ changing requests of dementia care by relatives, parental figures, GP and others included in customary consideration. To change in the arrangement of consideration, because of the customer’s wellbeing status. Support and encourage dementia clients keep up their social exercises and freedom. Family, companions, associates, and others have to receive an uplifting behaviour towards individuals with dementia. They ought to cooperate to Alzheimer’s kin into the group to partake in exercises to keep up and advance their self-regard. Weakness: For the situation of management, its objective is to give unique consideration to dementia customers. There may be held at a normal meeting of the obstructions the family may invest a considerable measure of energy examining. It obliges case managers have a great deal of aptitudes and dementia customers and families which need case managers will be more trade of learning from various perspectives. Strengths: It is a valuable, to address the issues of client’s dementia, which is centred around giving brilliant management, an interesting individual. Consideration programs more adaptable, versatile, in light of the fact that it can be changed, and find out about the most recent time to take care of client demand Alzheimer’s own consideration arrangement. Dementia clients will have their own consideration arrangement. Furthermore, the others are more experienced and better correspond with one another. It gives a proficient personal satisfaction for individuals with dementia, as it plainly build up business system that dementia who achieves a suitable management. Perspectives: It focuses on that whether the needs are being met by the services and other resources and it also sees that there is a comprehensive team approach in meeting the requirements of the dementia people. It helps in building the trust and communication with the case managers. Summary: This model focuses on the fact that the dementia client’s needs are met and supported and the people looking after dementia clients communicate effectively and resources available to communicate effectively with clients are used. This also looks after that whether the family/whanau of the dementia client and support persons is involved with supporting the dementia clients needs or not. Comparing two models: Based on the quality of more concentrate on the dementia clients qualities and abilities of the consideration arrangement. It permits clients to make their own particular lives. It is more helpful to help clients to take an interest in group life. On the off chance that management, it is alluded to as an organizer and director of a gathering of patients. It oversees hazard and direction mind as a centre capacity. Its objective is to give practical managements, yet the effect on patient consideration prompts a huge change Related content Dementia And Care For Elderly Health And Social Care Essay Specific Needs of the Older Person with Dementia Implementing A Nursing Dementia Care Bundle Tool Nursing Essay Symptoms causes and possible solutions of Dementia Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp

Purpose and Quality Statement Health Insurance Company Discussion

Purpose and Quality Statement Health Insurance Company Discussion.

submit a reflection of the status of project. Include any issues, positive experiences, and specific questions for further clarification. You may submit a draft of Section I: Purpose and Quality Statement and Section II: Status of Quality Tools and Standards of project for review .you will submit a reflection of the status of final project. Include any issues, positive experiences, and
questions for further clarification. You may submit a draft of the Purpose and Quality Statement and Status of Quality Tools and Standards
sections of your final project for review . If submitting a draft for feedback, ask specific and targeted questions in regard to your areas of
confusion. should be approximately 5 to 6 paragraphs in length. Submit assignment as a Word document with
double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins.
Purpose and Quality Statement Health Insurance Company Discussion

ELM 210 GCU Wk 2 Aligning Standards and Learning Objectives Discussion

professional essay writers ELM 210 GCU Wk 2 Aligning Standards and Learning Objectives Discussion.

Aligning Standards and Learning Objectives Instruction is based on academic standards and aligned to learning objectives. Accurate alignment will guide your lesson planning and enhance student academic success.As teachers, you will constantly evaluate lesson plans for alignment between academic standards and objectives. This assignment provides the opportunity to practice aligning learning objectives to academic standards.Part 1: Lesson Plan AnalysisReview the “COE Lesson Plan Example” located in Topic Materials. On the “Aligning Standards and Learning Objectives” template, write 250-500 words, responding to the following prompts, as they relate to the lesson plan:What is the academic standard?What is the learning objective?Are the standard and objective aligned? How do you know? Provide a rationale. What is the lesson about? What does this lesson cover?Do the assessments effectively measure the academic standard and learning objective? Justify your response.Part 2: Unwrapping the StandardsBelow your analysis, complete the template by selecting a grade level K-8 and an Arizona K-12 academic standard (different from the one provided in Part 1).Write three objectives aligned to the standard selected following the Know, Understand, and Do guidelines.For each objective, write a rationale supporting how the standard and objective are properly aligned.Write a summary of a lesson that could teach the objectives created.While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
ELM 210 GCU Wk 2 Aligning Standards and Learning Objectives Discussion

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Attending University

The decision of whether to attend university requires the consideration of a multitude of factors which must be considered before making a choice. This includes weighing up the opportunity costs of all university expenses and the wage that could have been earned whilst working, versus the benefits of a wage premium that graduates achieve and the potentially large difference in future earnings. The earning profiles of graduates and non-graduates differ almost immediately at university entrance age, as most non-graduates are likely to enter the labour market in entry-level jobs or apprenticeships. On the other hand, graduates are not likely to be in full time employment during their studies, but tend to enter the labour market at a later stage, although perhaps in a higher paying job, as shown in Figure 1. At the age of 21, the average wage stream of a graduate quickly crosses and overtakes that of a non-graduate, the opportunity cost of not being in work outweighed by the benefit of the higher average earning stream. The act of attending university may also signal to an employer a higher aptitude for the skills required in a job, potentially making them more employable. Figure 1. A female graduate can be expected to earn about £250,000 more if they have a degree over the course of a lifetime, and men are expected to earn about £170,000 more1. Nevertheless, subject choice plays a large role in future earnings, with medicine and dentistry students earning up to £46,700 on average, more than double the earnings of art and design students, earning £20,100 on average, although these degree choices also depend on ability. Graduates from different universities also have different earnings, with those from Russell Group universities earning 40% more on average than those from other institutions. However, the costs accumulated by the end of a degree must also be taken into account; the £9,250 per year tuition fee loan is hefty and the maintenance loans caps at £11,354 per annum3, which is dependent on whether the university is in London and on the income of the parents. On average students graduate with debts of more than £50,0001. Once a graduate earns in excess of £25,000, 9% of their income over the threshold is payed towards reimbursing their loan at a real interest rate of 3% p.a., and any remaining debt is cancelled after 30 years1, although complete repayment is unlikely for most. Cost-benefit analysis can be applied in order to determine whether the future benefits of investing in university are worthwhile, using the net present value of the earnings of graduates versus non-graduates. To simplify the model, the present value of the cash flow (the annual profit) each year is examined. The assumptions that must be taken into account are that the average starting salary of a non-graduate is £16,0008, the average starting salary of a graduate is £26,0005 , both with a long-run real earnings growth rate of 1.1%6, and that the individuals will be in employment for 50 years, although the non-graduate starts employment 3 years earlier than the graduate. This would also mean that repayment of the tuition loan would begin immediately, at 9% of however much above the threshold they earn yearly. The NPV is calculated as the growth adjusted wages that graduates earn over non-graduates minus the cost of the loan with a 3% real interest rate p.a..The discount rate is taken as 5%, which reflects the personal relative value placed on future versus current consumption. Using the formula: NPV = –16,000 –16176–0(1 5%)1 –16353–0(1 5%)2 10000–92.7(1 5%)3 … 17092–1802.1(1 5%)50 = £174,122 > 0 The NPV is clearly indicates that the investment to education is justified as the return to higher education will be positive and large. Despite positive returns, the rate of interest can affect individual’s decisions. Currently the maximum interest on a tuition loan is the Retail Price Index (RPI), presently at 3.3% plus up to 3%. RPI is a measure of inflation, but is more volatile than the Consumer Price Index. This could over time increase the value of the loan, which could negatively impact a particularly high earning graduate, who without an increase in interest rates would have been able to repay the loan completely. This does not apply to those who can privately finance their education, as they have no loan to accumulate interest on. The choice of degree subject could vary greatly between individuals. Some are driven only by the eventual rate of return of going to university, and some are driven by a passion for a subject. The ability of a student often has the greatest impact on choice, as students are more likely to choose a degree in which they are capable in, but this could also depend on the risk aversion of the individual. If a student is risk preferring they may be more inclined to attempt to study a more difficult degree with a higher payoff, but they could fail or attain a lower class degree, than had they studied an easier subject. The degree class can impact future lifetime earnings of an individual, with a higher class degree leading to higher earnings. Figure 2. shows that the range of median earnings is over a spread of £26,600 annually, indicating that degree choice has a significant impact on earnings and should be carefully deliberated. Figure 2. Prospective students may have incomplete information about degree choice, and may lack information about their ability to succeed at university, leading to a risky investment with an uncertain payoff. The individual should choose to maximise their utility, taking into consideration their ability and interest in a subject. In order to reduce dropout rates and improve scores the universities should have full information about the pupil so as to make sure that the degree is suitable for their ability. Now to consider that the individual has chosen to study economics, but there is a probability of a half that half-way through their working life the subject matter of a degree becomes irrelevant. As the degree quality still affects the university premium, the expected value should be calculated in order to conclude whether the individuals decision will be affected or not. The student then has the first outcome of the economics degree remaining relevant, or the economics degree becoming obsolete. The second outcome is the degree class, a first class honours, second class honours or a third class honours. When attaining a good degree, in this case first class, the wage premium is on average 8. Assuming that graduating with a first class degree will entail the individual to an 8% premium on top of an average economics graduate wage, a third class degree will reduce the premium by 8% also. The second WB’ variable is included to show the premiums on an average graduate degree, also using 8%. These outcomes are laid out in Figure 3. Figure 3. WA1 = economics degree = £40,000 per year1 WA2 = economics degree subject becomes obsolete, average graduate earnings = £30,0005 WB1 = First class degree = £43,200 WB2 = Second class degree = £40,000 WB3 = Third class degree = £36,800 WB1’ = First class degree = £32,400 WB2’ = Second class degree = £30,000 WB3’ = Third class degree = £27,600 There are six possible outcomes for the expected pay-off, using the formula E(W) = pA* WA (1- pA )* WB. 1. E(W) = 0.5 * 40,000 0.5 * 43,200 = 41,600 2. E(W) = 0.5 * 40,000 0.5 * 40,000 = 40,000 3. E(W) = 0.5 * 40,000 0.5 * 36,800 = 38,400 4. E(W) = 0.5 * 30,000 0.5 * 32,400 = 31,200 5. E(W) = 0.5 * 30,000 0.5 * 30,000 = 30,000 6. E(W) = 0.5 * 30,000 0.5 * 27,600 = 28,800 These findings that graduating with a first class honours whether or not the subject matter of economics becomes irrelevant is not surprising. The expected wage of non-graduates averages around £23,0005, which is still 25.22% lower than if the degree subject did not matter and the student graduated with a third class honours. Risk can be included in the model if it is extended to the expected utility theory, whereby risk is also considered with regard to the expected value. The expected utility of the degree staying relevant and achieving a second class degree would be : EU = 0.5*U(40,000) 0.5*U(40,000). With the assumption that this individual is risk-averse and therefore has a concave utility function of U( W ) = W , the individual has a decreasing marginal utility to wealth as for every additional increase in utility, the returns to utility are diminishing. Their expected utility would be 200, moreover for equation six the expected utility is 170 but for a non-graduate the expected utility is 152. This shows an increase in the expected utility by attending university at every level. Although the individual has chosen to commit their opportunity costs to maximising their welfare by choosing to study, it is surprising that governments make use of public funds to subsidise this investment in human capital, as the returns to the investment are largely a private gain7. Taxpayer money is used to make up the difference of what the individual does not repay, signifying the strong interest the government has for maximising individual’s welfare. Beyond that, the government has the ability to redistribute wealth and resources to members of society less endowed10, in order to reduce inequality and improve efficiency and equity within a society. Inequality is still prevalent in the wage gap between men and women, in which the degree subject and university has no influence. Five years after graduation, the wage gap has increased up to 14%1, which continues with age. In addition, market mechanisms do not always allow for a fair allocation of income, for which government subsidies in the form of tuition loans as an in-kind transaction can allow prospective graduates from a poorer background to attend university. Although the government has improved access to university for poorer students, the issue of social mobility has not been eradicated, with richer students earning around 10%1 more than their poorer colleagues even doing the same subject at the same university. A change that benefits some people without harming any others, called the Pareto principle, should be the ideal when making welfare decisions. If a reallocation of goods to subsidise for university tuition benefits multiple people, then it may be valued as favourable by some people, but a judgement of equity has many different interpretations and the efficient allocation of resources does not necessarily mean the most equal amongst a society. It could be argued that education and training are the most valuable investments in human capital. Assuming that humans are rational beings, they ultimately seek to maximise their own utility, which could be achieved through completing a degree at university, although not without careful consideration of factors such as the individual’s own ability, the degree to pursue and which institution to pursue it in. The benefits of increased labour market earnings must be weighed against the costs of student debt, but overall the benefits of attaining a degree still greatly overshadow the costs. Bibliography BBC News. (2017). The degrees that make you rich… and the ones that don’t. [online] Available at: c Office for National Statistics. (2018). Uk Labour Market-October 2018. [online] Available at : [Accessed 14 Nov. 2018]. Future Finance. (2017). Student maintenance loans. [online] Available at [Accessed 12 Nov. 2018]. Oreopoulos, P.,

Baton Rouge College the Aim of Technical Progress in Developing Countries Essay

Baton Rouge College the Aim of Technical Progress in Developing Countries Essay.

The aim of technical progress and of the technological movement progression can be a pathway in which globalization could affect income dispersal and the poor. Technical change originates mostly from Research and Development activities in the developed countries in response to circumstances usually of their own reserve endowment. Meaning, that technical change has a tendency to be labor-saving, capital concentrated and skill prejudiced, and would typically increase inequalities in both developed and emerging countries by forming wider income gaps. There is a high degree of substitution between untrained labor forces and money, in contrast to the high degree of differences between skilled workforce and money. In addition, technological distribution and access to new technology are not the same everywhere and impulsive. This means differences may expand globally over time, which may substantially increase income inequality. Specifically, globalization has accelerated the process of control, including the privatization of research, which could make it tougher and, in some instances, higher the price for developing countries to access the new technology.Write a one page paper (400 words) explaining how economic globalization has impacted the poor. You must relate one of the major sociological theories to your explanation. Your paper must be a word document, doubled spaced, 12 font, and submitted in both Moodle and Livetext.
Baton Rouge College the Aim of Technical Progress in Developing Countries Essay

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