Unit 2 Assignment 2 – Evaluating DSSSubmit AssignmentDue Sunday by 11:59pm Points 40 Submitting a text entry box, a website url, a media recording, or a file uploadInstructionsRead the following two papers related to the evaluation of clinical DSSs:Berner, E.S., Webster, G.D., Shugerman, A.A., Jackson, J., Algina, J., Baker, A.L., Ball, E.V., Cobbs, G.G., Dennis, V.W., Frenkel, E.P., Hudson, L.D., Mancall, E.L., Rackley, C.E., & Taunton, O.D. (1994, June 23). Performance of four computer-based diagnostic decision support systems. New England Journal of Medicine, 330(25),1792-96. Retrieved from http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM199406233…Berner, E.S., Jackson, J.R., & Algina, J. (1996). Relationships among the performance scores of four diagnostic decision support systems. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA, 3(3), 208-15. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC11630…Identify a minimum of four (4) key elements involved in conducting an evaluation of DSS solutions.Submit your report for grading. Your report should be in Microsoft Word format. Cite all sources in APA format.Reminder: You must upload your completed document using Browse My Computer. Then, hit the Submit button to successfully complete the assignment submission process. Do not copy and paste text into the text box.RubricUnit 2 Assignment 2 – Evaluating DSSUnit 2 Assignment 2 – Evaluating DSSCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent20.0 ptsLevel 5Demonstrates the ability to construct a clear and insightful problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of all relevant contextual factors.18.0 ptsLevel 4Demonstrates the ability to construct a problem statement, thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of most relevant contextual factors, and problem statement is adequately detailed.16.0 ptsLevel 3Begins to demonstrate the ability to construct a problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement with evidence of most relevant contextual factors, but problem statement is superficial.14.0 ptsLevel 2Demonstrates a limited ability in identifying a problem statement/thesis statement/topic statement or related contextual factors.12.0 ptsLevel 1Demonstrates the ability to explain contextual factors but does not provide a defined statement.0.0 ptsLevel 0There is no evidence of a defined statement.20.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAnalysisPRICE-P10.0 ptsLevel 5Organizes and compares evidence to reveal insightful patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.9.0 ptsLevel 4Organizes and interprets evidence to reveal patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.8.0 ptsLevel 3Organizes and describes evidence according to patterns, differences, or similarities related to focus.7.0 ptsLevel 2Organizes evidence, but the organization is not effective in revealing patterns, differences, or similarities.6.0 ptsLevel 1Describes evidence, but it is not organized and/or is unrelated to focus.0.0 ptsLevel 0Lists evidence, but it is not organized and/or is unrelated to focus.10.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWriting5.0 ptsLevel 5The paper exhibits an excellent command of written English language conventions. The paper has no errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling.4.5 ptsLevel 4The paper exhibits a good command of written English language conventions. The paper has no errors in mechanics or spelling with minor grammatical errors that impair the flow of communication.4.0 ptsLevel 3The paper exhibits a basic command of written English language conventions. The paper has minor errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impact the flow of communication.3.5 ptsLevel 2The paper exhibits a limited command of written English language conventions. The paper has frequent errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that impede the flow of communication.3.0 ptsLevel 1The paper exhibits little command of written English language conventions. The paper has errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader to stop and reread parts of the writing to discern meaning.0.0 ptsLevel 0The paper does not demonstrate command of written English language conventions. The paper has multiple errors in mechanics, grammar, or spelling that cause the reader difficulty in discerning the meaning.5.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPAPRICE-I5.0 ptsLevel 5The required APA elements are all included with correct formatting, including in-text citations and references.4.5 ptsLevel 4The required APA elements are all included with minor formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.4.0 ptsLevel 3The required APA elements are all included with multiple formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.3.5 ptsLevel 2The required APA elements are not all included and/or there are major formatting errors, including in-text citations and references.3.0 ptsLevel 1Several APA elements are missing. The errors in formatting demonstrate a limited understanding of APA guidelines, in-text-citations, and references.0.0 ptsLevel 0There is little to no evidence of APA formatting and/or there are no in-text citations and/or references.5.0 ptsTotal Points: 40.0PreviousNext
HC 450 Herzing Week 2 Elements Used To Evaluate a Decision Support System Report
Causes and Effects of Smoking in Public Essay
Table of Contents Introduction Core Problems Conclusion Reference Introduction Smoking in public places has been banned in most parts of the world. Some people smoke publicly simply because this is their personal lifestyles and individual choice on which they should not be victimized. However the right to smoke as one pleases could greatly be countered by another person’s lifestyle of the right to breathing smokeless air. Recent researches have shown that those who do not smoke are at risk of being exposed to the same carcinogens which are cancer causing as those who are active smokers and they smoke in public settings. Core Problems The environmental tobacco smoke is known to contain more than 4000 chemicals and at least 40 carcinogens that are known. The research has further indicated that the carcinogens are in higher concentrations in the second hand smoke rather than in the mainstream smoke which makes it more harmful for people to smoke publicly. This is because there are very harmful effects that follow on the smokers themselves and to those who inhale the second hand smoke. One of the major effects for smoking in public places is that it causes a higher risk of cancer, emphysema heart diseases and other acute and chronic diseases. Cigarette smoking is known to increase the aggregation of blood platelets or the clotting of blood. It also damages the endolithium a layer of cells in the blood vessels. Due to public smoking, the second hand smoke has been a triggering factor for the heart attacks and there have been an increased number of heart attack hospitalizations and even deaths from the smoke effects. For the smokers and the non smokers who inhale the fumes they are at a greater risk of developing heart diseases especially if one has high blood pressure. Another effect of smoking in the public places is that there are increased risks of fire break outs in the areas that have any explosive hazards or even where there is handling of flammable materials. Similarly when smokers smoke publicly they increase the risk of contamination in places where pharmaceuticals and foods are manufactured and prepared for human consumption. On the other hand smokers litter around without considering the environmental effects and this causes the environment to be hazardous. Public smoking also affects the air quality in public establishments where some respirable suspended particles are released thus enhancing air pollution and also increasing the toxin exposure to human beings. Public smoking on the other hand has made many businesses to suffer directly or indirectly due to the loss of customers especially in establishments like hotels which encourage smoking in their premises. Public smoking similarly affects people from vulnerable groups such as the children, the pregnant women and also the disabled who are unable to choose their environments. There is a more serious concern that the banning of a smoking in public places may lead to an increased rate of smoking in the homes and this could be more hazardous especially when there is the presence of small children. Passive smoke contains very strong sensitizers and irritants and many children as well as adults the suffer a lot of irritation and other acute effects when they are exposed to secondhand smoke.In addition to this there is increasing evidence that an individuals exposure to passive smoke can affect the cardiovascular system. (Scollo, 2003). Conclusion Smoking publicly has negative effects on the health of those who work in the public places especially the bars workers. On the contrary smoking in public places brings a sense of belonging and identity to those who smoke since they can easily identify with other public smokers in the public setting as they share similar habits. Public smoking needs to be controlled so as to reduce the negative effects that come as a result of the exposure of individuals to the fumes. (The New York Times, 2003). Reference Scollo, M. (2003): Review of the quality of studies on the economic effects of smoke-free policies on the hospitality industry. Tobacco Control, pgs 13-20. The New York Times (2003): Bars and Restaurants Thrive Amid Smoking Ban, New York Times Archives. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More
Evaluate the expression. (a) 2log2 20 (b) 5log5 32 (c) eln
essay order Evaluate the expression. (a) 2log2 20 (b) 5log5 32 (c) eln.
Evaluate the expression.(a) 2log2 20 (b) 5log5 32 (c) eln sqrt11
Evaluate the expression. (a) 2log2 20 (b) 5log5 32 (c) eln
Understanding the Definition of Strategy Formulation
Understanding the Definition of Strategy Formulation. Strategic formulation is the process of determining appropriate courses of action for achieving organisational objectives and thereby accomplishing organisational purpose. In a business context, it means what are the products and services the organisation will deliver, what type of market they will entry, which capabilities are required, how will they allocate the resources, and what the returns organisational seeks? Strategic formulation is very important as it is the crucial part in the strategic management. A good and effective strategy is very important to the organisation because it helps the organisation handle threats, seeking and grab the opportunities, and solve the weeknesses and enhance the strengths of the organization in order to survive in the competitive environment. 3.1 Distinction between Business Strategy and Corporate Strategy Business strategy is a long-term plan of action designed to achieve a particular goal or objectives. Corporate strategy is the scope of the different industries and markets the organization competes within in order to achieve its organizational purpose. Normally, corporate strategy is supposed to be determined before the marketing strategy. In strategy formulation, it must included three stages of strategy. There are business level strategy, corporate level strategy, and international or globalisation level strategy. 3.2.1 Business Level Strategy Business level strategy is an integrated and coordinated set of commitments and action of the organisation uses to gain a competitive advantage by exploiting major competencies in specific products and services. It is concerned with how the organization business competes in a specific market. It also concerned the strategic decisions about the product choices, meet the customer expectations, exploiting or creating new opportunities, and gaining competitive advantages. Besides, it is refers to the aggregated strategies of single business firm or a strategic business unit (SBU) in a diversified corporation. According to Michael Porter, an organisation must formulate their business strategy into three generic strategies to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage and long-term success. The three generic strategies are cost leadership, differentiation strategy, and focus strategy. 3.2.2 Cost Leadership The first generic strategies in business level strategy which are identified as Porter’s Five Forces is known as cost leadership strategy. Cost leadership is involving a firm being the lowest cost producer within the industry. This allows the firms to outperform rivals within the industry because it can be charged in lower prices. Although, the firm charge in lowest cost base, it stills can earn a profit. A dominant market share allows the firm to accumulate the greatest experience and the market share can continuing to grow to increase the cost advantages. A strategy of growth which enhance the accumulative experience and further lowers costs. A cost leadership strategy allows an organization to generate above-average profits even it is intensive rivalry. A low cost producer will be in a better position in relation to the threats of new entrants and or substitutes. Cost leadership risks can be expensive as the organisation continually updates the capital equipments. The activities of the cost leader maybe easy to imitate. 3.2.3 Differentiation Strategy Differentiation strategy is aimed at a broad market and involve the organisation competing on the basis of a unique or different product which is sufficiently valued by customers for them to pay a premium price. A major advantage of producing differentiated product is vitals will find it difficult to imitate. Besides, they also required different resources, capabilities, and organisational arrangements than cost leadership. There are some several types of differentiation strategy that are design or brand image, customizing products to suit the customers in specific requirements, state-of-the-act of technology, marketing ability, reliability, products engineering skills, and creativity. A differentiation strategy provides a defence against competitive rivalry because it creates brand loyalty which helps to protect an organisation from price competition. The brand loyalty is to be overcome by defence against new entry and substitutes. The buyers are constrained by a lack of alternatives and premium price are easier to pay back for suppliers. Differentiated strategy has inherent risks. The high or premium price charged for differentiation cannot be too expensive above the competitors that it results in reduced the brand loyalty. Competitors may narrow the attributes of differentiation which results in customers being faced a viable substitute. 3.2.4 Focus Strategy Focus strategy occurs when an organisation undertakes either a cost leadership or differentiation strategy but within only a narrow segment of the market. It also can be defined as market niche strategy, concentration on specific geographical market, isolating a unique segment product line, and isolating a specific buyer group. By focusing on a niche of the market, the organization must be placed to meet the buyers expectation. By focusing on the needs of specific segments that exist in the industry, the organisation can achieve competitive advantage either through lower costs or differentiation. The risk of following in focus strategies are the customer preferences may change and the niche player may be unable to respond, broad-based competitors believe the segment represents an attractive submarket and outfocus the focuser, and the difference between the segment and the main market narrows leaving focus-based competitors at a disadvantage. 3.3 Resource-Based Approach to Strategy Formulation The two fundamental reasons for making the resources and capabilities of the firm the foundation for its strategy are internal and capabilities provide the basic direction for a firm’s strategy. The resources and capabilities are the primary source of profit for the firm. Resources are the inputs into the production process while capability means the capacity to perform some task. Resources are the source of an organization’s capability but capabilities are the main source of an organization’s competitive advantage. The value of resources and capability of a business are sustainability and appropriability. Sustainability included durability, transparency, transferability, and replicability. 3.4 Corporate Level Strategy Corporate level strategy means overall scope of the different industries and markets the organisation competes within in order to achieve the organisational goals. Corporate strategy decisions included investment in diversification, vertical integration, acquisitions, and new ventures; the allocation of resources between the different businesses of the firm, and divestments. 3.5 Growth Strategies Growth strategies have four strategies that an organization might follow that are market penetration, market development, product development, and diversification. 3.5.1 Market Penetration Market Penetration is to increase market share in your existing markets using your existing products. This strategy relies upon the organization existing resources and capabilities and therefore is relatively low risk. 3.5.2 Market Development Market Development means entering new markets with your existing products. This can be targeted the new market segments and new geographical area, or devising the new uses for the products. 3.5.3 Product Development Product Development is developing the new products to sell in your existing markets. The ability to innovate is crucial in developing products for rapidly changing customer markets. 3.5.4 Diversification Diversification is developing new products to serve new markets. This will involve greatest level of risk it may be necessary where the organization existing products and markets offer little opportunity for growth. There are two diversification strategies such as related diversification and unrelated diversification. Related diversification refers entry into related industry which there is still some link with organization’s value chain. It is included vertical integration and horizontal integration. Unrelated diversification refers to a situation where organisation moves into a totally unrelated industry. It can be called conglomerate diversification to reflect that managing a portfolio of companies. Thus resulting four core categories of strategy alternatives can be achieved internally through investment and development, or externally through mergers, acquisitions, and strategic alliances 3.6 Portfolio Analysis Portfolio analysis is simply different business units that organisation possess. The two primary models are the Boston Consulting Group Matrix and The General Electric-McKinsey Matrix.T he business portfolio’s overall uses is to determine whether the combined growth and profitability of the businesses in the portfolio will allow the company to attain its performance objectives. 3.7 Corporate Parenting Corporate parenting is concerned with how a parent company adds value across the businesses that make up the organisation. Corporate parent refers to all those levels of management that are not part of customer facing and profit run business units in multi-business companies. The concept of corporate parenting is useful in helping an organization to decide which new businesses it should be proceed on. It also helps parent company decide how to manage the business. 3.8 International Level Strategy International level strategy refers to the linkages between markets that exist across worldwide. What happens in one county has an impact on occurrences in other countries. These linkages may be economic, financial, social, political, in effect, anything that leads to increased interdependence among nations. These strategies have included four types of international strategy that are multidomestic strategy, global strategy, and transnational strategy. 3.8.1 Multidomestic Strategy Multidomestic strategy is aimed at adapting products and service in national markets. Thus, responding more effectively to the changes in local demand conditions. The local manager needs to determine how the products and services can meet the local customer expectations. 3.8.2 Global Strategy Global strategy is the organisation provides a standardised products and services for international markets. An organisation seeks to have their own manufacturing, marketing, and RUnderstanding the Definition of Strategy Formulation
CUNY Lehman College New York Junior Tennis & Learning Agency Analysis Paper
CUNY Lehman College New York Junior Tennis & Learning Agency Analysis Paper.
Hey Tutors, I have attached all of the instructions:The Agency I am doing the analysis paper on is called NYJTL located at PS/MS42Q in Far Rockaway, NY. (Which I currently intern at) NYJTL is one of the largest providers of after school programs in New York City, serving nearly 5,000 K-12 youths in over 30 school-based after school and summer programs.If you can’t find certain information you can make it up!https://www.nyjtl.org/about/https://csastudio.com/uncategorized/story-immigran…https://www.nyjtl.org/maria-sanz-love-at-first-sig…AssignmentThe purpose of this assignment is to describe, understand, and analyze key aspects of the field placement agency in relation to the services provided to clients. For this assignment, you will collect information about your agency and write a 3-4 page paper (double-spaced, 12 point font) that addresses the following information:Organizational Context –(agency description/identifying information; history; services; demographics of clients being served; structure and staffing patterns; and funding and budget issues) (see Garthwait, Chapter 6); Community Context (discuss geographic area served, key demographic characteristics of the community in which the agency is located, resources and challenges within the community) (See Garthwait, Chapter 7) Social Problem Context (identify and discuss a social problem your agency addresses e.g., poverty) (see Garthwait, Chapter 8) You will draw on a variety of sources of information, including your own observations/reflections from the field, agency documents, information provided by key agency staff and supervisors, public documents and literature review, to complete this assignment. Students are encouraged to interview/meet with other key staff at the agency who may provide assistance with the analysis of the agency and services being provided to clients.Tips for completing each section and points assigned:1.Agency context (30 points)a.Where is it located?b.What is its mission and what is its goal (prevention, enhancement, remediation)?c.Who does it serve? What are the demographic characteristics of the clients? (e.g. age, race, ethnicity, gender, religion, sexual orientation, etc.)d.Does it serve a community of place or community of interest?e.What services does it provide?f.What is the staffing structure (i.e. board of directors, executive director, supervisors, line staff, etc.)?g.How is it funded (private donations, private grants, public grants, public contracts, etc.)?h.What practice theories and models are used in the design and provision of its services (e.g. strengths perspective, ecological model, diversity perspective?i.How does it determine its effectiveness (number of clients served, completion of treatment goals, recidivism rates, pre and post-tests, social change)2.Community context (30 points)a.Geographic area served (i.e. Queens, NY)b.Demographic characteristics of the community (not the clients)i.Tell a story here: is the community diverse, homogenous, resource-rich or resource poor?c.Available resources such as housing, childcare, transportation, community-based agencies, strong leadershipd.Obstacles and challenges faced by the communitye.You must cite your sources of information (see APA format for within text citation)3.Social problem context (30 points)a.Identify and discuss a social problem your agency addresses (e.g. poverty, homelessness, child abuse & neglect, elder abuse, isolation of the elderly, discrimination, unemployment, mental illness) USE POVERTY IN QUEENS, NYb.How do you know it is a social problem? What does the literature say? (you must reference at least one scholarly article about this problem) What statistics have you found to support your assertion?c.Are there different perspectives about the seriousness of the problem? Are these perspectives based on different definitions of the problem, different statistics, or differences in attitudes toward the problem?d.Has your agency been successful in addressing this problem? Why or why not?
CUNY Lehman College New York Junior Tennis & Learning Agency Analysis Paper