Part A Post a total of 3 substantive responses over 2 separate days for full participation. This includes your initial post and 2 replies to other students or your faculty member. Respond to the following in a minimum of 175 words: Innovation and physical capital are 2 of the 4 factors of production. Discuss some specific ways that 1 of the following laws increased the productivity of 1 or both of these factors of production: 1862 Pacific Railway Act 1956 Federal Aid Highway Act 1946 Federal Airport Act What other examples of economic concentration can you share? What are the risks and advantages to economic concentration? How has economic concentration influenced your industry? PART B Select 1 of the economic concentrations (clusters) below: Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA aerospace / defense industry Central California winemaking industry Hollywood movie industry Silicon Valley Technology hub Texas / Louisiana Gulf Coast crude oil and natural gas production and refining Pre-1994 vs Post-1994 US auto and light truck production and the reasons for the change in economic concentration Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper evaluating economists’ assessments of the role the 4 factors of production played in determining how the economic concentration you selected has evolved. Complete the following in your paper: Analyze how the economic concentration in the area you chose was influenced by competition and pricing. Analyze how the economic concentration in the area you chose influenced the supply chain. Analyze which of the 4 factors of production were the most and least important in determining the economic concentration of the area you chose. Predict changes you anticipate for the area of economic concentration you chose. Support your predictions. Consider the resources provided and other academically appropriate sources. The use of charts and tables to illustrate data is highly encouraged. Cite at least 2 academically credible sources. Format your assignment according to APA guidelines.
Harvard University Innovative Technology and Physical Capital Discussion
Rasmussen College Diets and Dietary Supplements Discussion
Rasmussen College Diets and Dietary Supplements Discussion.
Individuals trying to lose weight or increase their energy levels commonly resort to various diets and dietary supplements such as Paleo diet, Atkins diet, Mediterranean diet, DASH diet, and various weight loss/energy marketed supplements. Research the different types of diets and dietary supplements that are marketed to the public and address the following questions in 1-page paper (Must include APA reference and intext citation): Are there any concerns with individuals going on diets or taking dietary supplements?In your opinion, what diet is the best? Is there one type of diet that individuals should be following?Are supplements, such as multivitamins, beneficial for people to take? What does the research demonstrate? Please submit your initial post and respond to the attached student’s post. The response must contain at least 100 words whether you agree or disagree with the attached student post (Must include APA reference and intext citation).
Rasmussen College Diets and Dietary Supplements Discussion
Advantages And Disadvantages Of Project Management Information Technology Essay
essay writing service free A project is an attempt that takes over to manufacture a product or service. Simply, it is organizing all the required resources in a modern way to meet the expected outcome. There are unique characteristics in a project. They are; Start and end, life cycles, budget, activities, resources, single point of responsibility, fast tracking, team roles and relationships. Moreover, there are two types in projects as International projects and Domestic projects. 1.2 Project Management: – Project Management is the managerial attempt that assembling all the applications that required meeting the expected outcome of the project (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_management, 21.11.2012 at 1.55 p.m). There are nine knowledge areas in Project management. (Integration, time, quality, scope, cost, HRM, communication, procurement and risk). It would be useful to make comprehension on each of them separately. 1.2.1 Project stakeholders’ analysis:- Project stakeholders are the people who engage with project such as customers, supporting functions, buyers, staff etc. The project stakeholders analysis is a document included with useful information about project stakeholders. 1.2.2 Project charter Project charter is a legal document that signed by the key project stakeholders letting the directions on project management and objectives. Advantages and Disadvantages of Project Management: – Advantages: – Project management provides so many positive facts to the organizations. The fine usage and control of resources that exist within the organization; such as finance, physical evidences, human resources. Although, project management is important for improving customer relationship whereas it is basically focuses on customer satisfaction at the end of the project implementation. Moreover, the project management is important in providing ability to develop the organization in short period of time. In addition it courses to the low cost of development of the organization. The project management is useful in maintaining company product quality improvement and increase the reliability of the services or products (http://www.managementstudyguide.com/project-management-importance.htm, 21.11.2012 at 2.00 p.m). Although, the project management helps to achieving high revenues and also it encourages the improvement of the productivity. The better coordination within the organizational departments and personals would be created by the project managements and it influence to the stress management of the employees. Additionally, it leads to the high worker morals. The project management software could notify what have to be done firstly and it reminds that what can be forgotten. Disadvantages: – The project management has negative factors so as the positive factors mentioned above. When using project management tools some people used to get uncomfortable as it seems difficult to use. In accordance with that, organization has to spend time on training the staff to make them familiar with the project management tools. Although, the small projects could receive unnecessary attention that waste too much time on them. Also, the project management tools needed lot of data to create an output. Moreover, the project management software is an expensive tool that cost high amount than others. Different types of projects: – There are many types of projects could identified when consider about project management. Basically projects could divide into two. International projects Domestic projects (Local projects) International projects are much huge than domestic projects as it related beyond national framework. Moreover, there could see projects categorized according to subjects or the areas they focused on. As examples: IT projects, Construction projects, Software development projects, Advertizing projects, Infrastructure projects, Science projects, Sports projects, Excavation projects, Destination management projects and so on. 1.5 Duties of the Project Manager: – Project manager is the person who is totally responsible for the project. He uses his knowledge on previous projects to the success of the new project he handles. Although project manager always keep in touch with the project members to find out whether they do the expected to do or he had to assign that duty to another member who is fairly have ability to fulfill that task than the former person. In addition he leads all the members in project and helps them to do their tasks properly. Continues guidance and direction is one of the tasks of Project Manger. Moreover he should forecast the issues that could effect to the project in future and he should take actions to prevent the problems before they blooms. Project manager should be a risk manager. He should identify the number one risk and mange it accordingly the project expectations (Colin Bentley, http://www.projectsmart.co.uk/role-of-the-project-manager.html, 23/11/2012 at 7.00 p.m). On the other hand Project Manager is the responsible person for communicating the project status to the senior managers so as to the clients. The success of the project is the satisfaction of client; in addition Project Managers are keen to keep the links with the clients while the project is in process. Otherwise the outcome of the project might not be in a position to meet the customer satisfaction. Moreover he leads the decision making process of the project. The lowest level decision making could handle by the project manager in his own. More about project management and project management tools will be consider in the following chapters. Discussion 2.1 What is project management: – The managerial process of undertaking some sort of listed activities to achieve the targeted outcome simply called project management. The management of nine knowledge areas categorized under the project management is another definition creates to define this subject. They are Integration management, Scope management, Time management, Cost management, Quality management, Human Resource management, Communication management, Risk management and Procurement management. 2.2 Importance of the project management: – Project management is basically measuring the potential risks and finding solutions for the forecasted problems. Therefore, project management is important in many facts. Such as, managing costs, preferable productivity, risk control and achieve the determined objective. Make the effective use of resources to achieve the goals and minimizing wastage would be helpful for cost management. Generates products in the perfect way that maintains both quality and quantity has mentioned as preferable productivity. Ability to control the potential risks and make solutions is one of the important fact in project management. Ability to achieve determined goals means meeting the satisfaction of the customer at last. 2.3 Stages of project management: – Project management subject could be dividing into five stages. Those stages have interaction with each other as a circle. Initiates the project Planning the project Executing the project Monitoring and controlling the project Close out the project The project initiating is a critical task in stages of project management. Project defining is determining the exact expected outcome. Under this stage, authorized group for project charter and the budget will be identified. Although the project group and other stakeholders will be identified while defines the scope of the project. Planning the project is another heavy task which is combining all the resources that required making the project success. Physical resources, financial resources, human resources, timeline would be collaborate by this stage while manage the future conflicts that could be courses within the project. Project execution is doing the activities that previously planned. Management of various facts and work with the potential issues and risks, keep links with stakeholders would keep the project in the correct path on this stage. Project monitoring and controlling is carry out parallel to the project execution. This is the stage of searching whether the project runs in the right path or maintain the path of the project carry on. If there is any issue with the projects way of running it would be corrected by this stage. Close out the project is the end of the existing project. It may be achieving the target or expected outcome. There are several activities related with project close out. Hand over project deliverables to the customers, if there are any open contracts they should be closed before the project close out, the project staff should be released and report the project success to the sponsor are the key activities of the project close out. 2.4 Integration management: Integration is conjoining the main project management components; Planning, Execution and Control. 2.5 Project scope management: – The management process of indicating the entire tasks of the project that which is essential to achieve the final outcome. Scope consisted of all the required activities to make the project invented successfully. Scope management contains authorization, scope planning, scope definition, scope change management and scope verification the core incidences that manage the scope fairly. 2.6 Project time management: – Time management: Time management of the project is estimating the time required for the each and every activity and start to the end of the project at large. Activity definitions, activity sequencing, duration estimating, establishing the calendar, schedule development and time controlling are the key functions of the project time management. Gantt chart: – Gantt chart is a bar chart which is using in planning to indicate time of activity’s start and end. Although it has ability to indicate the work that already done and work those have to be completed. N:gantt-charts-1.jpg Source: http://www.projectmanager.com, 13/12/2/012 at 3.00 p.m Critical Path Method: – Critical path is the longest way to achieve the final outcome. It is the time duration takes to complete the entire project. Critical Path method is using for determine how best to reduce time required to perform routine (Bansal ,2010, pg 220). Network Diagram: – Network Diagram is indicating all the activities of the project and their interaction. The milestones, interdependent activities, actual start and end of each task are showing in the Network Diagram (Bansal, 2010,pg 224). N:fig6-8.jpg Source: https://www.e-education.psu.edu/files/geog584/image/fig6-8.jpg, 13/12/2012 at 3.05 p.m Project Management Software: – Project management software is an IT tool which is using for large projects. It is fast and well accurate than the manual methods. Moreover, project management software has the ability to be used by several people at a time and it needs less manpower. There are several project management software in the market. Ex: Ms projects, Primavera. 2.7 Project Quality management: – Project quality management is the managerial process of testifying that the project will meet the satisfaction of need at last. Determining the required condition, quality planning, quality assurance and quality control are the major functioning components of the quality management. 2.8 Finance management: – Project finance management is the process that related with managing the expenses of the project according to the decided budget. Key functions of the cost management are; resource planning, cost estimating, cost budgeting, cash flow and cost control. All the projects have two types of costs, as Direct cost and Indirect cost. Direct cost is the expenses for staples, labour, equipments where the Indirect cost is cost of supervision during the execution of the project (Bansal, 2010, pg 232). 2.8.1 Cost benefit analysis:- Cost benefit analysis is estimating the equivalent money vale of the benefits and costs to the community of the project. 2.8.2 Cash Flow statement:- Cash flow statement is the document that correspondent the money flow in and out of the project. Brought forward money, expenses, incomes are indicating is the cash flow statement (Burke,2003, pg 196). Cash flow = income – expenditure (Burke, 2003, pg 63) 2.8.3 Net Present Value (NPV):- NPV calculating the cash flow with inflation and indicate the actual value of money in time periods. This method indicates the timely value of earnings. NPV= discount factor*cash flow (Bruke, 2003, pg 63) 2.8.4 Return on Investment (RIO):- RIO is indicating the average profit converting to percentage of the total expenditure. Average annual profit = (Total gains) – (Total outlay) Number of years Return on investment = Average annual profit * 100 Original investment 1 2.8.5 Payback period:- The payback period is the time duration that gains financial result parallel to the initial investment. 2.9 Human resource management: – Project human resource management is another important function in project management which assuring the effective and efficient use of people to make the project goals success by recruiting the right personal to the right task, train on project special features and reward them in a suitable way such as payments on time (Gosh. 2000, Pg 3-5) 2.10 Communication management: – Project communication management is the mode of collection and propagation of project information. This includes 2.11 Risk management: – Project risk management is related with identifying, analyzing and responding to the risks that influence to the project functions. 2.12 Procurement management: – Project procurement management is accruing services to project from outside the project area. The proper management of those all knowledge areas would lead to the success of the project. 2.13 Project Management concepts: – 2.13.1 Total Quality Management (TQM) All the companions in organization engage to enhance the function, working culture, products and services to meet the customer satisfaction (http://asq.org/learn-about-quality/total-quality-management/overview/overview.html, 12/01/2013 at 6.30 pm). 2.13.2 Management by Objectives (MBO) Manage the employees to achieve the goals and objectives of the organization through let the employees understand the company objectives and their task on achieving them. This concept was invented by Peter Drucker in 1956 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Management_by_objectives, 13/01/2013 at 6.45 pm). 2.13.3 Six Sigma Six Sigma is the method of managing quality of the products through managing the causes of defect in outputs. The Six Sigma method is used to cost reduction and increase the profits (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Six_Sigma, 13/01/2013 at 7.00 pm). Conclusion Project Management is a useful subject in hospitality and tourism industries as is provides support to the well planed tourism projects to implement. Reduce the costs and time while executing the previously designed project. Although, project management support to identify the futile investments. Therefore top management has the ability to avoid those futile investments which will be waste of resources. On the other hand project management indicate the entire resource availability of the certain projects as the management could get a chance to set up resources required for the project and ability to use the perfect personal for the suitable task with sufficient resources. Most of projects in Sri Lanka are not runs with a proper management process. In addition, most of resources are wasting for useless investments. This new subject should encourage within the tourism industry in Sri Lanka where there is a high demand and the latest trend of economical growth of the country.
University of the Cumberlands CH1 Information Systems for Business and Beyond Paper
University of the Cumberlands CH1 Information Systems for Business and Beyond Paper.
Chapter 1 Information Systems for Business and BeyondChapter 2 Information Technology and Organizational LearningFrom Information Systems for Business and Beyond (Bourgeois):Chapter 1 – answer study questions 1-5 and complete Exercise 3Chapter 2 – answer study questions 1-10 and complete Exercise 2From Information Technology and Organizational Learning (Langer):Chapter 1 – Review the Key Lessons from Chapter 1 – Explain the five key lessons and note the importance of each key lesson from chapter 1. Also, note why is it important to understand these basic concepts.Chapter 2 – Note why the IT organizational structure is an important concept to understand. Also, note the role of IT in the overall business strategy.Reference SourceBourgeous, D., Smith, J., Wang. S., Mortati, J. (2019). Information Systems for Business and Beyond. https://opentextbook.site/informationsystems2019/Langer, A. M. (2018). Information Technology and Organizational Learning. 3rd edition. Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. ISBN: 978-1-138-23858-9The above submission should be two pages in length and adhere to APA formatting standards.**Remember the APA cover page and the references (if required) do not count towards the page length**Text Book Link : https://opentextbook.site/informationsystems2019
University of the Cumberlands CH1 Information Systems for Business and Beyond Paper
JWI 555 Strayer University Organizational Change Initiative Discussion
JWI 555 Strayer University Organizational Change Initiative Discussion.
I’m working on a business question and need guidance to help me learn.
COLLAPSEHello Dr. Agler and Classmates,This week, I will provide an example from my own experience at GE Healthcare. The change initiative was started by the GM of our Services organization, a $2.5B continuous revenue generator, and the most profitable P&L within the global portfolio,. The GM created an initiative focused on fixing pain points the Sales team had shared within the first month of his new position. He had the right intentions of improving the workplace for the Sales team and generate more revenue, however, the Sales team took little accountability for some of the issues raised. While many of the high-level actions were in need of change, only teams other than Sales were responsible for the corrections. Being a seasoned GE employee, he started with the Work-Out process (JWMI, 1). The start of the change was fast-paced with frequent (almost too frequent) pulse meetings. The leader did a great job of communicating early and often (Malik, 2). He forgot to empower the teams outside of Sales and ensure his peers were supportive of this new “priority” for their teams (2).After approximately six months, this manager moved to a new role and the entire rigor and frequent meetings stopped. The new leader wanted to attack the problems in a different way and placed some of the blame for broken processes and culture issues on the Sales team and years of programs that didn’t get to the root cause (Barsade, 3). In the end, he utilized the previous leader’s work-out initiatives, selected a few of the dozen that he felt would impact his team effectively, and collaborated with the leaders of the teams that could assist with improving the culture for the organization as a whole (Johnson, 4).The first GM referenced simply didn’t take the time to really understand the root cause and take some accountability for the Sales team’s issues. He wanted to make change for change’s sake and after only 6 months, all of the teams involved didn’t want the “flavor of the month” from the new GM (Welch, 5). There was no carrot the teams would listen to until he went back to the beginning of the process and considered the emotional culture of his own team and those involved in the solution.Jocelyn1. JWMI. 2021. JWMI555 Organizational Change and Culture. Week 8 Lecture Notes2. Malik, L. 2021. Thought Ensemble. “Six Factors for Making Change Stick – Thought Ensemble.” Online: Six Factors for Making Change Stick – Thought Ensemble3. Barsade, S. & O’Niell, O. 2016. Harvard Business Review. Manage Your Emotional Culture. Online: https://services.hbsp.harvard.edu/lti/links/R1601C…4. Johnson, J. 2021. GE Employee Reference of Services Work Out and Ongoing Services Change Initiative5. Welch, J. 2021. JWMI555 Organizational Change & Culture. Experts On Practice Video
JWI 555 Strayer University Organizational Change Initiative Discussion
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