Using the questions below, please submit an individual case analysis for the Design Thinking and Innovation at Apple case study:What is innovation? What are YOUR criteria for defining innovation? Why is it so difficult for most organizations to achieve?Apple has an extraordinary history with innovation, design and experimentation. Discuss why the company has been so successful – focus your comments on the following aspects: STRATEGY, INNOVATION, LEADERSHIP, and EXECUTION. Please use examples from the case rather than anecdotes.What is the role of the CEO and leadership in an organization dedicated to innovation?Imagine Apple took over your current employer. What would the company change to boost innovation?

Harvard Business School Products Development in Apple Incorporation Questions

## FIN 571 University of Phoenix Week 3 Net Cashflows and Cumulative PV Worksheet

FIN 571 University of Phoenix Week 3 Net Cashflows and Cumulative PV Worksheet.

1. A new furnace for your small factory will cost $43,000 and a year to install, will require ongoing maintenance expenditures of $4,000 a year. But it is far more fuel-efficient than your old furnace and will reduce your consumption of heating oil by 4,000 gallons per year. Heating oil this year will cost $3 a gallon; the price per gallon is expected to increase by $0.50 a year for the next 3 years and then to stabilize for the foreseeable future. The furnace will last for 20 years, at which point it will need to be replaced and will have no salvage value. The discount rate is 8%. a. What is the net present value of the investment in the furnace? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to the nearest whole dollar.) b. What is the IRR? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter your answer as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places.) c. What is the payback period? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) d. What is the equivalent annual cost of the furnace? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) e. What is the equivalent annual savings derived from the furnace? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) f. Compare the PV of the difference between the equivalent annual cost and savings to your answer to part (a). Are the two measures the same or is one larger? a.NPV_________ b.IRR________% c.Cumulative cash flows are positive in:_____ d.Equivalent annual cost________ e.Equivalent annual savings__________ f.Are the two measures the same or is one larger?_________ 2. The following are the cash flows of two independent projects: Year Project A Project B 0 $ (290 ) $ (290 ) 1 170 190 2 170 190 3 170 190 4 170 a. If the opportunity cost of capital is 11%, calculate the NPV for both projects. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) b. Which of these projects is worth pursuing? Project A Project B Both Neither 3. Find the interest rate implied by the following combinations of present and future values: (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter your answers as a percent rounded to 2 decimal places. Leave no cells blank – be certain to enter “0” wherever required.) PresentValueYearsFuture ValueInterest Rate $41012825% 1885289% 3108310% 4. Johnny’s Lunches is considering purchasing a new, energy-efficient grill. The grill will cost $44,000 and will be depreciated straight-line over 3 years. It will be sold for scrap metal after 5 years for $11,000. The grill will have no effect on revenues but will save Johnny’s $22,000 in energy expenses. The tax rate is 30%. Required: a. What are the operating cash flows in each year? b. What are the total cash flows in each year? c. Assuming the discount rate is 11%, calculate the net present value (NPV) of the cash flow stream. Should the grill be purchased? Complete this question by entering your answers in the tabs below. Required ARequired BRequired C What are the operating cash flows in each year? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) Year Operating Cash Flows 1 2 3 What are the total cash flows in each year? (Negative amounts should be indicated with a minus sign. Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) Time Total Cash Flows 0 1 2 3 Assuming the discount rate is 11%, calculate the net present value (NPV) of the cash flow stream. Should the grill be purchased? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) NPV of cash flow stream Should the grill be purchased? 5. Old Time Savings Bank pays 3% interest on its savings accounts. If you deposit $3,000 in the bank and leave it there: (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) a. How much interest will you earn in the first year? b. How much interest will you earn in the second year? c. How much interest will you earn in the 10th year?6.You can buy property today for $4.0 million and sell it in 6 years for $5.0 million. (You earn no rental income on the property.)a. If the interest rate is 9%, what is the present value of the sales price? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter your answer in millions rounded to 3 decimal places.)b. Is the property investment attractive to you?c-1. What is the present value of the future cash flows, if you also could earn $300,000 per year rent on the property? The rent is paid at the end of each year. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Enter your answer in millions rounded to 3 decimal places.)c-2. Is the property investment attractive to you now? a.Present valuemillionb.Is the property investment attractive to you?c-1.Present valuemillionc-2.Is the property investment attractive to you now?7.Bottoms Up Diaper Service is considering the purchase of a new industrial washer. It can purchase the washer for $8,400 and sell its old washer for $2,400. The new washer will last for 6 years and save $2,400 a year in expenses. The opportunity cost of capital is 19%, and the firm’s tax rate is 21%.a. If the firm uses straight-line depreciation over a 6-year life, what are the cash flows of the project in years 0 to 6? The new washer will have zero salvage value after 6 years, and the old washer is fully depreciated. (Negative amounts should be indicated by a minus sign.)b. What is project NPV? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)c. What is NPV if the firm investment is entitled to immediate 100% bonus depreciation? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) a.Annual operating cash flow in year 0Annual operating cash flow in years 1 to 6b.NPVc.NPV8.Your landscaping company can lease a truck for $7,100 a year (paid at year-end) for 7 years. It can instead buy the truck for $38,000. The truck will be valueless after 7 years. The interest rate your company can earn on its funds is 8%.a. What is the present value of the cost of leasing? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)b. Is it cheaper to buy or lease?c. What is the present value of the cost of leasing if the lease payments are an annuity due, so the first payment comes immediately? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)d. Is it now cheaper to buy or lease? a. Present value of lease b. Is it cheaper to buy or lease? c. Present value of lease d. Is it now cheaper to buy or lease? 9.Compute the future value of a $105 cash flow for the following combinations of rates and times. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.)a. r = 8%; t = 10 yearsb. r = 8%; t = 20 yearsc. r = 4%; t = 10 yearsd. r = 4%; t = 20 years Future Value a. b. c. d. 10.Talia’s Tutus bought a new sewing machine for $90,000 that will be depreciated over 5 years using double-declining-balance depreciation with a switch to straight-line.Required:a. Find the depreciation charge each year.b. If the sewing machine is sold after 4 years for $26,000, what will be the after-tax proceeds on the sale if the firm’s tax bracket is 35%?Find the depreciation charge each year. Year Depreciation 1 2 3 4 5 If the sewing machine is sold after 4 years for $26,000, what will be the after-tax proceeds on the sale if the firm’s tax bracket is 35%? After-tax proceeds 11.a. What is the present value of a 3-year annuity of $210 if the discount rate is 7%? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.) b. What is the present value of the annuity in (a) if you have to wait an additional year for the first payment? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your final answer to 2 decimal places.) 12.The following are the cash flows of two projects: Year Project A Project B 0 $ (380 ) $ (380 ) 1 210 280 2 210 280 3 210 280 4 210 a. Calculate the NPV for both projects if the discount rate is 11%. (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answers to 2 decimal places.) Project NPV Project A Project B b. Suppose that you can choose only one of these projects. Which would you choose? Project B Project A Neither13.If you insulate your office for $12,000, you will save $1,200 a year in heating expenses. These savings will last forever.a. What is the NPV of the investment when the cost of capital is 5%? 10%?Cost of CapitalNPV5%____________10% ________________b. What is the IRR of the investment? (Enter your answer as a whole percent.) IRR % c. What is the payback period on this investment?Payback period______________years14.The owner of a bicycle repair shop forecasts revenues of $224,000 a year. Variable costs will be $66,000, and rental costs for the shop are $46,000 a year. Depreciation on the repair tools will be $26,000.a. Prepare an income statement for the shop based on these estimates. The tax rate is 20%. INCOME STATEMENT b. Calculate the operating cash flow for the repair shop using the three methods given below:Now calculate the operating cash flow. Dollars in minus dollars out. Adjusted accounting profits. Add back depreciation tax shield. Methods of CalculationOperating Cash Flowi.Dollars in Minus Dollars Out____________ii.Adjusted Accounting profits_______________iii.After tax Operating Cash flow__________________15.A factory costs $410,000. You forecast that it will produce cash inflows of $125,000 in year 1, $185,000 in year 2, and $310,000 in year 3. The discount rate is 11%.a. What is the value of the factory? (Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to 2 decimal places.)b. Is the factory a good investment?YesNo

FIN 571 University of Phoenix Week 3 Net Cashflows and Cumulative PV Worksheet

## Management Principles of Conflict

essay helper free What Customers Don’t Know Won’t Hurt Them, or Will It? Case No.2–Organizational Behavior This case mainly deals with topics covering decision making, and describes behavioral and decision making of an employee in the case called Elena of a rental car company. This is fiction-based case. She is being questioned by another employee from the company’s legal department concerning a car that she had rented earlier and that car was somehow involved in an accident without her being in the knowledge of the accident in the first place. In the case, it is then explained that she did realize that there was something wrong with the vehicle but even with that knowledge decided to rent the car anyway which amounts to telling a shear lie (unethical business behavior and/or practice). Another interesting topic for discussion covers the Attribution Theory[1]. It tries to explain the ways in which we judge people differently, depending on the meaning we attribute to a given behavior. It suggests that when we observe an individual’s behavior, we attempt to determine whether it was internally or externally caused. It raises questions such as whether Elena is to blame for her unethical behavior or whether some external factors for example her supervisor’s unethical attitude and situations at the rental office are to bear the blame and/or responsibility, creating genuine discussions in greater detail covering many aspects and components of the Attribution Theory. Last but the least, Elena is used to lying to customers, in that she has been renting damaged cars and/or vehicles– Escalation of commitment will be relevant. Will she accept her faults and give up the practices in the end; it seems rather hard for her as she is determined to get what she wants-even at the cost of her being totally wrong. Questions for Discussion Q.1. Using concepts from reinforcement theory (a theory that says that behavior is a function of its consequences and that this theory also recognizes that the organization’s rewards reinforce the individual’s performance) explain why Elena might be motivated to lie to customers. With reinforcement theory in mind, do you think that Elena will confess to the legal representative? Why or why not? Answer 1: Reinforcement theory[2] ( a theory that says that behavior is a function of its consequences and that this theory also recognizes that the organization’s rewards reinforce the individual’s performance OR Positive theory of Reinforcement[3] is the act of rewarding desired behavior; or the actual rewards; such as praise or bonuses, given each time the desired behavior occurs) as well as Operant conditioning[4] ( OR the Operant behavior[5]-of Psychologist B.F. Skinner- that appears to operate on or have an influence on the subject’s environment ) argues that behavior is a function of its consequences. She deliberately lied because she was sure of receiving positive reinforcement or positive results for doing so. Her supervisor was the main and regular support for her to behave in such a manner and this therefore also shaped her mind that by doing so she will eventually move up the ladder of management in the company. Taking in to account her past behavior, she will continue telling lies and not face the truth as feels rather strongly that she will not be able to get promotion that will in turn hinder her future management target of becoming higher up in the firm. Q.2. How might the rental office’s climate influence Elena’s behavior? What factors contribute to the current climate? What steps could you take to improve the ethics at this office? Answer 2: The whole climate and the situations were based on lies and deception and to conduct business of making money at all costs. The unethical behavior of the supervisor with short sightedness was the main reason behind the overall bad perspectives at the firm which in turn was creating conditions that would no doubt eventually bring the closure sooner or later of the firm. Steps to improve the situations and climate at the firm should begin by replacing the supervisor with someone who believes in business ethics and straight business practices. The firm should also start operating with a customer-centric mentality as well as creating conditions and practices to obtain long term relationships with the customers in order to obtain sustained and regular business orders. Q.3. Do you blame Elena for her behavior or do you attribute her behavior to external factors? How do concepts from attribution theory fit in? Answer 3: Of course, it has to be yes that as per the case Elena made her own mind and choices and therefore will have to face the wrath of the law eventually, and that all end results will be borne by her. She originally felt compelled and under some sort of pressure naturally to listen to her supervisor to lie to be able to feel safe at work but then it became daily routine for her to lie and behave unethically. Attribution theory covers the aspects. External factors such as her supervisor’s behavior and attitude and the working environment did contribute substantially towards her being in such a state of mind. However, behavior of an individual caused internally has to be under the control of that particular individual, as per the definition of the Attribution theory. Q.4. Consider Elena’s personality. Would you predict that escalation of commitment will occur (and she will lie to the legal representative), or will she decide to come clean? Explain your answer. Answer 4: Escalation of commitment[6] ( distortion that creeps in to decisions in practice is a tendency to escalate commitment when making a series of decisions. Escalation of commitment refers to staying with a decision even when there is clear cut evidence that it is wrong ). It is envisaged that the Escalation of commitment will occur and most probably she will give the false information back to the legal department. She has already made her mind up to straddle up the management ladder, no matter what happens and at any cost, even giving up her respect eventually. To achieve ones goals at any cost even unethically should not be considered a success in all respects. Q.5. Do you think Elena would make a good leader some day? Why or why not? What factors might this depend on? Answer 5: well, sooner or later she will have to face the facts and figures of the business ethics and then that might make her a right person to take up management challenges. However, for the time being in her present role, she is content with following the wrong business rules and ethics in all respects. Q.6. What emotions might Elena be experiencing? How might Elena’s emotions[7] affect her decision to tell the legal department manager about the incident with Mr. Reynolds? Answer 6: Elena is most likely facing and probably unknowingly exhibiting a number of negative effects on her and in her general life, which is a mood state that is displaying her stress level, anxiety and to some extent irritability toward her customers. She could have created -or is creating- the situation in which the customers’ lives might have been in danger. It is hoped that she will eventually come to her senses and realize her mistakes and wrong doings and give up for good the unethical practices. End Notes 1 Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 175-176 2 Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 225,234,236 3 Gary Dessler, “Management-Principles and Practices for Tomorrow’s leaders”, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004, Pages 302-303 4 Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Page 90-91 5 Gary Dessler, “Management-Principles and Practices for Tomorrow’s leaders”, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004, Pages 296 6 Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 185-186 7 Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 285-293 [1] Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 175-176 [2] Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 225,234,236 [3] Gary Dessler, “Management-Principles and Practices for Tomorrow’s leaders”, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004, Pages 302-303 [4] Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Page 90-91 [5] Gary Dessler, “Management-Principles and Practices for Tomorrow’s leaders”, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2004, Pages 296 [6] Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 185-186 [7] Robbins/Judge, “Organizational Behavior”,13th Edition, Pearson Education,2009, Pages 285-293

## KMC and market attractiveness Report

KMC and market attractiveness Report. Introduction Kids Market Consulting (KMC) was established in 2002 by Natalie Berezovskaya. The company has similar characteristics described by Tsoy (2005) for medium and small companies. Tsoy (2005) discusses that these companies rely on the top manager’s skills for their strategy and success. They hire employees with technical skills to perform other duties. KMC has relied on Berezovskaya’s expertise in children, and experience in the media industry for its success (TaylorKMC and market attractiveness Report

## Business homework help

Business homework help. PART APurpose of AssignmentThe purpose of this assignment to orient students to the key concepts in statistics. This assignment will introduce students to the language of statistics. Students will also get a chance to warm-up on evaluating some basic descriptive statistics using Excel?ÿprior to the course start.Assignment StepsThis assignment has an Excel?ÿdataset spreadsheet attached.ÿ You will be required to only do one of the three datasets.ÿResource:ÿMicrosoft Excel?, Statistics Concepts and Descriptive Measures Data SetDownloadÿthe Statistics Concepts and Descriptive MeasuresÿData Set.ÿChooseÿone of the following datasets to complete this assignment:Consumer FoodFinancialHospitalAnswerÿeach of the following in a total of 90 words:For each column, identify whether the data is qualitative or quantitative.Identify the level of measurement for the data in each column.For each column containing quantitative data:Evaluate the mean and medianInterpret the mean and median in plain non-technical termsUse the Excel =AVERAGE function to find the meanUse the Excel =MEDIAN function to find the medianFor each column containing quantitative data:Evaluate the standard deviation and rangeInterpret the standard deviation and range in plain non-technical termsUse the Excel =STDEV.S function to find the standard deviationFor range (maximum value minus the minimum value), find the maximum value using the Excel =MAX function and find the minimum value using the Excel’s =MIN functionPART BPurpose of AssignmentThe purpose of this assignment is to develop students’ analytical capabilities to evaluate, analyze, and apply descriptive statistics techniques to real-world datasets.ÿAssignment StepsResources:ÿMicrosoft Excel?, Case Study: MBA Schools in Asia-PacificReviewÿthe Case Study: MBA Schools in Asia-Pacific and the Case Study: MBA Schools in Asia-Pacific data set.ÿPrepareÿa 1,050-word managerial report for your boss.Useÿthe following questions for guidelines and directions on what to include in the report:What is the type of data (Quantitative or Qualitative) forÿeachÿof the columns (variables) in the dataset? If quantitative, is the data discrete or continuous? Neatly summarize your response in a table forÿallÿthe columns (variables).UsingÿExcel?, find the mean, median, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, and the three quartiles for each of the quantitative variables identified in part 1 above. Neatly summarize in a table on this document. Comment on what you observe.What are the minimum and maximum full-time enrollments? Which schools have the minimum and maximum full-time enrollments?What is the average number of students per faculty member? Is this low or high? What does this mean to prospective applicants who are interested in pursuing an MBA in one of the leading international business schools?What are the mean, median, and modal ages? What does this mean to prospective applicants?What is the mean percentage of foreign students? How many and which schools have 1% and 0% foreign students? Which schools have highest percentage of foreign students? Please state these percentages.What percentage of schools require the GMAT test?What percentage of schools require English tests such as Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)?What percentage of schools require work experience? From this percentage, does this appear to be a significant factor in gaining admissions?What are the mean and median starting salaries? Which schools have the minimum and maximum starting salaries? How much are these minimum and maximum salaries?What are the mean tuition for foreign students and for local students? Does there appear to be a significant difference? What is the difference between the two means?How many schools require work experience and how many of them don’t? What is the mean starting salary for schools requiring work experience? What is the mean starting salary for schools requiring no work experience?How many schools require English tests and how many don’t? What is the mean starting salary for schools requiring English tests? What is the mean starting salary for schools requiring no English tests?Does there appear to be a correlation between age and starting salaries? Comment on the strength and the direction of the correlation.Comment on the skewness for the data on starting salaries:Plot a histogram and determine the skewness.Find the skewness coefficient.Find the mean, median, and mode for starting salaries and compare the three measures to determine skewness.Finally, use Empirical Rule on the starting salaries and determine whether the salaries follow the Empirical Rule.SEE attachtment plsBusiness homework help