Hand Washing by Healthcare Professionals Gabriela Quintana Nova Southeastern University Hand Washing by Healthcare Professionals People may take for granted hand washing, but what many people do not know are the benefits that just a twenty second hand wash can provide to them and to others. Although, hand washing may appear as an ineffective way of cleansing to some people it is one of the most effective ways of preventing propagation of viral and micro bacterial diseases.
Not only average people must wash their hands to prevent diseases, but also health care professionals must be aware of the significance of sanitation through hand washing in their working area. It is inexcusable to have health care professionals committing these types of errors that can be life defying. Healthcare professionals must take consciousness and responsibility on their hand hygiene and it is imperative for hospitals to take disciplinary actions to control the spread of disease by their team work. History of Hand Washing
The hand washing concern began during the XIX century in Budapest with Doctor Ignaz Philipp Semelweiss, an obstetrician, who concludes after many years of observation that dirty hands where vehicles of cross contamination and transmission of diseases. Doctor Oliver Wendell Holmes was another pioneer on the hand washing research. Both doctors were recognized for their studies research. After many years of research on 1981, hand washing guidelines came out as the most important and simple technique to prevent diseases (Bejerke, 2004).
Nowadays, the use of hand washing is know as the best way to avoid no only the prevention of disease but also was incorporated as an essential hygiene activity of any individual. Importance of Hand Washing Hand washing is know as a increasingly evolving practice which must be used by any individual as a single routine and can be compared in importance as childhood vaccination in the prevention of diseases. Hand washing should be included in the daily task on any household and also as a personal task of every employee not only in healthcare place but even in any other work place.
The heart of the hand washing matter is the information; people must know the importance of hand washing. According to G. Venero (personal communication, February 9, 2011), information must be provide among individuals because education will be essential to make individuals learn the importance of hand washing. Hand Washing Enforcement Even when healthcare professionals perfectly know not only the importance but also the understanding of the scientific microbial explanation of how hand washing prevents the transference of microbial diseases, they do not follow the guidelines of hand washing at their workplaces.
Hospital should be very severe with their staff on this simple but vital activity. “There should be regular audits to ensure that good practice is being upheld, showing staff compliance to creating a safe environment for all” (Pirie, 2010,p. 171). Conclusion In conclusion, hand washing appears to be an essential technique that all individuals must include as a routine to prevent the spread of diseases. Education on hand washing is a determinant factor not only for common individuals but also for healthcare professionals.
How has supporting non-state armed groups become strategically more useful instead of making allies with other states and working with allies – In the 21st century?
How has supporting non-state armed groups become strategically more useful instead of making allies with other states and working with allies – In the 21st century?.
Topic How has supporting non-state armed groups become strategically more useful instead of making allies with other states and working with allies – In the 21st century? In the context of neorealism
Please Read Instructions Before Start (The Word File) If there are defects, please arrange this. It must be planned as a theoretical framework for a dissertation. Research Questions The Main Question: How has supporting non-state armed groups become strategically more useful instead of making allies with other states and working with allies – In the 21st century? In the context of neorealism 1- Neo-Realism 2- Literature Review – Why do states support non-state armed groups instead of making allies with other states and working with allies? In the context of neorealism 3- What are the advantages and disadvantages of making allies with other states and working with allies? 4- What are the reasons, risks, advantages and disadvantages for states to support non-state armed groups? Hypotheses H1: Although to support NAGs is risky, to work with NAGs is more straightforward, non-complex, useful and beneficial for states rather than working with allies. H2: While states aim to protect their interests, to gain advantages and ensure their national security by using NAGs, with this strategy, they try to minimise the probability of a direct war and, to reduce war costs. H3: Although ethnic, ideological, or religious similarities affect the international policies of states, the most important thing for every state is state security, survival and interests. Therefore States might design security policies by using ethnic, ideological, or religious similarities. In this case, ethnic, ideological, or religious similarities would be an instrument, not the aim. Therefore, the main reason why governments support NAGs is a realist policy. Moreover, states can support NAGs which has a completely different ideology, religion, nationality etc. for their interests. This situation also is another proof that supporting NAGs is a realist and statist policy. H4: On the one hand, states try to obtain their interests; on the other hand, NAGs try to take support from states to achieve their goals. Briefly, there is a realist mutual interest partnership between states and NAGs rather than ethnic, ideological and religious affiliations. H5: The states’ strategies and policies with NAGs are reflections of its statist and neorealist tradition. IMPORTANT READ ME! This part will be my theoretical framework. That’s why it must be prepared rigorously. Therefore I paid extra money for PHD section and expert. The research questions must be answered in a way that takes me to these hypotheses. Please, use the first sources as much as possible. The resources that you will use should be accessible from the internet as much as possible.
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