Social Insurance: Social insurance is the type of compensation that is offered and controlled by a government for the people who are aged, handicapped, or unemployed. People who are given facilities as per this insurance, should meet certain requirements. Financial reimbursement for healthcare is taken as an example of social insurance. Social insurance programs, which include healthcare, consist of the network of doctors and hospitals. These service providers concur in seeing people who are covered under this insurance. These service providers are paid by the government for providing their services (Social Insurance, 2014). Social insurance can be defined in the following manner: “Social insurance, public insurance program that provides protection against various economic risks (e.g., loss of income due to sickness, old age, or unemployment) and in which participation is compulsory. Social insurance is considered to be a type of social security” (Social Insurance, 2014, Para 1). In Gulf countries, it is comparatively easy to manage these welfare programs for their people since the population is not very high in such countries, but they have high gross domestic products. Consequently, people are not compelled there to do any kind of payment for such schemes, and at the same time, the government also does not encourage the high costs of managing such schemes. The nationals of such countries are automatically offered pensions, medical care, sickness and maternity coverage, childcare, and unemployment benefits by their government. In some cases, their government provides them disability and housing benefits (Social Security, 2014). Social insurance programs are related to GOSI. As GOSI provides people of gulf countries a decent standard of living and takes care of their safety, social insurance also aims to do so by providing various facilities to people. Actually, GOSI puts into practice social insurance rules by collecting contributions from employers, and it pays the benefits to the people who are insured, including their family members. GOSI was started in 1969. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More “The Social Insurance Law was issued under the Royal Decree No. M/22 dated 15/11/1969. The Annuities Branch was implemented on 01/01/1393H and the Occupational Hazards Branch on 01/07/1402H. The Law was amended by the Royal Decree No. M/33 dated 29/11/2000 and implemented as of 01/04/2001” (Brief on the General Organization for Social Insurance, 2012, Para 1). The initial mission of GOSI was to provide insurance coverage to the people of the gulf. The program aimed to collect contributions from employers. The benefit of this contribution had to be given to appropriate contributors. The families of the contributors were also part of this program. This scheme is based on the harmony and cooperation of the people of society. The workers from both the fields private as well as the public are offered benefits through this scheme. The aim of this scheme is to provide a stable life for the people who contribute to this scheme. Their families are also covered in this benefit. When the first law of social insurance was made in 1969, a regulatory structure was also created, which included conditions like old age, disability, and survivors, but it was implemented in 1973. The law related to work injury was also created at the same time, but it was also implemented in 1973 (Saudi Arabia, 2010). The need for this scheme was understood chiefly to provide the people with all the necessary benefits. GOSI has achieved its goal by providing its contributors to the benefits related to medical care, pensions, any occupational hazards, etc. References Brief on the General Organization for Social Insurance (2012). Web. Saudi Arabia (2010). Web. We will write a custom Report on Gulf Countries’ Social Insurance specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Social Insurance (2014). Web. Social Insurance (2014). Web. Social Security (2014). Web.
Unethical issues are the acts performed or words altered against an organization’s set rules and regulations. Most of these issues end up violating the rights of others or making them uncomfortable. Every organization is guided by some set rules in order to ensure things are done or said in the right way (Gilliland
Islam and Democracy in Egypt Analytical Essay. This paper is aimed at discussing the status of Sharia under the regime of Hosni Mubarak. This question is closely related with the Islamization of Egypt. Moreover, much attention should be paid to the role played by the organizations which stated that the functioning of the state should not be separated from religion. Among these organizations, one can distinguish the Muslim Brotherhood. These are the main issues that should be taken into consideration. These questions are vital for understanding the development of the political system of the country. Overall, it is possible to argue that Mubarak resisted the growing role of Sharia in the legislative system of this country, but he had to recognize the importance of Islam for the culture of the Egyptian society. Moreover, he had to make concessions with Islamist organizations. To a great extent, he perceived Islamization as one of the factors that could eventually undermine his authority, but it was impossible for him to create a completely secular state that could be completely isolated from religion. This is one of the main points that can be made. It should be mentioned that for approximately two decades after Mubarak’s ascension to power, the supporters of political and legal Islam did not play an important role in the social life of Egypt. The opposition to this regime was represented mostly by nationalist and leftist movements (Naguib 103). In turn, Islamist political parties could not significantly affect the decisions of Mubarak regime (Naguib 103). This is one of the trends that could be observed in the eighties. Furthermore, Mubarak perceived the growing importance of religion as a potential danger to his government. There were two reasons for this policy. First of all, one can speak about the growing number of militant Islamist organizations that could use force against the state (Sullivan and Abeb-Kotob 11). Secondly, it is important to remember that Muslim culture does not tolerate the authority of civil dictators. In turn, Mubarak policies were aimed at suppressing various Islamic organizations that could be both peaceful and militant (Sullivan and Abeb-Kotob 11). This information should be taken into account because it can explain the role of Sharia in the Egyptian society during Mubarak regime. One can argue that the norms of Sharia were not strictly enforced by the administration of Mubarak. The only exception was family law which regulates such aspects as the inheritance of property, marriage, divorce, and so forth (Forsythe 112). Admittedly, Mubarak enabled some of Islamic political parties to participate in the legislative discussions, but they could not shape the constitution of the country or other regulations. This is one of the main issues that should be kept in mind. Overall, it is possible to say that the Quran was not the main source of legislative norms in this country. Religion could not significantly influence the life of people. This is one of the main arguments that can be put forward. Nevertheless, Mubarak could not completely disregard the role of political Islam. For instance, Mubarak claimed to be a civil or even democratic leader, but his government failed to empower women by enabling them to occupy the positions of authority (Forsythe 112). Their role in the family or society was significantly lower in comparison with the Western countries. This attitude of the government can be partly explained by its compromise with Islamist organizations. Thus, it is possible to say that Hosni Mubarak resisted the idea of Islamic state, but he could not completely reject the influence of religion. This is one of the aspects that can be identified. This detail is critical for understanding the policies of the Mubarak regime. Nevertheless, it is important to remember that the role of political and legal Islam began to increase in the nineties. Moreover, much attention should be paid to the elections of 2005 when the Muslim Brotherhood won approximately 20 percent of seats in the Egyptian Parliament (Naguib 103). Since that time, they attempted to introduce Sharia as the basis of the legal, political, or economic policies of Egypt. After this event, the role of Islam began to increase. Their strategies were aimed at transforming secular state into an Islamic one. To a great, the increasing role of the Muslim Brotherhood contributed to the downfall of Mubarak regime and current period of struggle. At this point, Egypt passes through a period of political instability, and one cannot determine its future political development. The most important question is related to the role of Islam in the political life of the country. In the future, Sharia can permeate almost every area of life in this country. This is one of the options that cannot be dismissed. Nevertheless, it is also possible that its application will be limited. For instance, Sharia may be relevant to the criminal and penal codes of the country. Thus, Islam can play different roles in the life of this state. It should be taken into account that in Egypt there are many Islamist organizations that are by no means radical (Naguib 108). Therefore, they may not necessarily use religion as a means of oppressing their enemies. Currently, political scientists cannot say for certain whether Egypt can effectively combine political Islam with the principles of civic society and democracy. Furthermore, legal professionals want to determine whether Sharia law will be the basis of the legislative system. These are the main issues that should be considered. There is another question that should not be overlooked. The collapse of the Mubarak regime gave rise to the intense political struggle in this country. In the course of this competition of the country, another authoritarian leader may come to power. Thus, the collapse of Mubarak regime may not produce significant changes. Nevertheless, it is also possible that the country will gradually become more democratic. At present, it is not easy to make any accurate estimation about the future of this country, its state, and culture. This is another issue that should be disregarded. On the whole, these examples suggest that the regime of Hosni Mubarak resisted the increasing importance of Islam in this country. Sharia was not widely applied to different areas of human activity. Nevertheless, Mubarak was not able to create a state that could be separated from the principles of Islam. The growing political role of the Muslim Brotherhood was one of the factors that lead to the downfall of this regime. Nevertheless, at present the legal and political development of Egypt cannot be easily predicted since Islamist organizations are represented by various groups that have different values and priorities. These are the main arguments that can be made. Works Cited Forsythe, David. Encyclopedia of Human Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. Naguib, Sameh. “Islamism(s) Old and New.” Egypt: the Moment of Change. Ed. Rabab El-Mahdi and Philip Marfleet. London: Zed Books, 2009. 103-119. Print. Sullivan, Denis, and Sana Abeb-Kotob. “Civil Society and Islamism in Egypt.” Islam in Contemporary Egypt: Civil Society Vs. the State. Ed. Denis Sullivan and Lynne Abeb-Kotob. New York: Rienner Publishers, 1999. 1-17. Print. Islam and Democracy in Egypt Analytical Essay
CBA 45 Rasmussen College Analysis of Communication Theories and Skills Presentation
CBA 45 Rasmussen College Analysis of Communication Theories and Skills Presentation.
CompetencyAnalyze Communication Theories and Skills for Developing Professional Documents and Oral Presentations for Audiences in Diverse Communities and DisciplinesInstructionsCreating a PowerPoint for a professional presentation is a great skill to learn, as most companies use PowerPoint for all different purposes.For this assignment you will create a PowerPoint You will find a case study or a research project in the area you studying, use the library website to find your case study. It is recommended that you find a case study in the field you are studying, but any case study is fine for this presentation.Your presentation will need to include slides on the following areas:Introduction to the caseMethods used to conduct the researchWhat was found (findings)How it was implementedCreativity should be evident throughout the Power Point presentation. Treat this presentation as though you were presenting to an employer, all aspects of the Power Point will be assessed.Feel free to use the notes section in PowerPoint if you would like to make any special presentation notations of how you would present your information.- The introduction slide was well written and creative- The methods slide was well written and creative- The findings slide was well written and creative- The implementation slide was well written and creative.
CBA 45 Rasmussen College Analysis of Communication Theories and Skills Presentation
nursing essay writing service Constitutional Rights.
Assignment 2: Constitutional RightsDue Week 10 and worth 200 pointsThe constitutional rights guaranteed in the Bill of Rights are most highly protected during the trial stage of a criminal proceeding. This is when the adversarial process, which characterizes the U.S. criminal justice process, is at its peak. Analyze and evaluate the steps which would bring an individual to trial beginning with the arrest phase of the process.Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:
Identify and discuss the four (4) elements of arrest.
Identify and discuss the four (4) requirements for search and seizure with a warrant.
Explain the various aspects of the plain view doctrine.
Compare and contrast the various means of identifying suspects.
Summarize the basic constitutional rights of the accused during trial.
Use at least four (4) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
Critically debate the Constitutional safeguards of key Amendments with specific attention to the 4th, 5th, 6th, and 14th Amendments.
Explain and debate fundamental Supreme Court cases associated with criminal procedure.
Define and describe Constitutional laws and the court procedure.
Explain and debate fundamental Supreme Court cases associated with criminal procedure.
Neanderthals Tools, Materials and Behavior Essay
Table of Contents Levallois versus Archeulian tools Adhesive materials DNA and the FOXP2 gene Evidence of ritual behavior Neanderthals similarity to man Levallois versus Archeulian tools Archeulian tools were associated with the Homo erectus. They had no level of specialization and could be used for a series of purposes that included butchering, hacking trees or many more. Conversely, Levallion tools were linked to Neanderthal man. Levallion tools differed from earlier Archeulian tools because they required a lot more technology to manufacture them. Metin Eren had to learn the process of flint napping, and this took him several years. A further 18 months were sufficient to determine the strength and number of blows required for the work. The Neanderthals were not just making a sharp object; they needed a flake whose shape would allow them to perform tasks using the least amount of effort. They had to make their blows as precise as possible in order to make the item symmetrical. Morphometrics, or the study of object shapes, allowed Eren to uncover this truth. The key advantage of the Levallois flake was that it was easy to reuse owing to its symmetry. One could sharpen the tool quite easily. Furthermore, it allowed users to exert less pressure when making cuts, so they saved time and energy. Other stone flakes could not be reused easily and required a lot of force. Adhesive materials Neanderthals manufactured the adhesive they used in spears from birch trees. They made the first artificial pitch in this era. Experts like Wil Roebroeks have found that this species spent a lot of time to heat the bark of those trees. They had to determine the right amount of heat needed to create the adhesive because excessive amounts would have burnt the bark while minimal heat would not have produced the glue. It took Roerboeks and his team eight products to recreate the product using Neanderthal man’s tools. Since the adhesive was not naturally found, but was manufactured, one can assert that Neanderthals were intelligent beings. They had the wits needed to formulate this process. Living Homo sapiens, who proceeded him, have not even been able to make as much of the adhesive as Neanderthals. Roebroeks experiments did not yield sufficient adhesive to make a spear. This means that Neanderthals were sharp enough to figure out such a complex process. They worked with some of the most difficult apparatus and unfriendly conditions, yet they overcame those limitations. Such industriousness destroys the myth that they were brutish. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More DNA and the FOXP2 gene Scientists first found Neanderthal bone material from Croatia. The site would allow them to obtain DNA from three females. The investigators found out that Neanderthal man shared the same gene for language as man. This means that the species communicated through language. Additionally, their investigations reveled that Neanderthals and man interbred. They had enough material to make them similar to man. Svante Paabo, together with a range of other geneticists, compared man’s genes with that of Neanderthals. They realized that the DNA in Neanderthal man was present in man. It accounted for between one and four percent of the Homo sapiens they analyzed. This indicates that interbreeding between the two species occurred and some of man’s descendants testify to this interbreeding. The FOXP2 is the gene responsible for language. It is present in Homo sapiens thus testifying to their intelligence. The process reveals that Neanderthals had skills and abilities that testified to their brainpower. Evidence of ritual behavior Neanderthals used to decorate themselves as seen through cut marks on tail ends of birds found in their caves. They targeted birds that had minimal food value for aesthetic reasons. Additionally, they used seashells to adorn themselves. This was seen through holes in the shells as well as the presence of iron pigments in seashells. The latter was used to decorate or change the color of the shells. Other scientists like Zolhao have found colored minerals on horse bones, Evidence also exists on Neanderthals’ burials of the dead. Some bones were found in Spain; they were in a fetal position. Their hands were close to their chest, and rocks covered them in a manner that indicated intent. This implies that they buried their dead. Neanderthals similarity to man John Hawks found that the degree to which Neanderthal genes were present in man differed from geographical area to geographical area. Homo sapiens from Europe had a much higher level of Neanderthal genes than say the Chinese. This indicates that interbreeding took place depending on where the two species interacted the most. The least interbreeding took place in Africa and China while the most was in Tuscany Italy. Neanderthals may have become extinct as a result of absorption by a distinct species. The process took a relatively long time because interbreeding between the species was a prolonged event. Therefore, it is the breeding of these species that led to their extinction rather than the sudden elimination of Neanderthals. Many scientists assume that they were simply wiped out by a superior group. However, it is the outnumbering process that led to their elimination. We will write a custom Essay on Neanderthals Tools, Materials and Behavior specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More
Art Museums: Issues in Profits, Acquisition and Ethics
Art Museums: Issues in Profits, Acquisition and Ethics. Acquisition, Ethics, and Profit in the Art World What happens in the art world affects all parts of it, from the most well endowed museum to the myriad lesser-known and unknown galleries that try to eke out a living. This paper will examine the ways in which museums have weathered the vagaries of the market over the past few decades, including not-for-profit institutions as well as the for-profit sector, including the gray area in which the two—rarely—meet. The unifying factor, as this paper will show, is the reputation of the institution. The reputation of any building that houses works of art is a priceless commodity, whether it is a huge institution of international reputation, or a small but well-respected gallery with equally high standards of decorum and ethics. To maintain that reputation at all costs is of vital importance if an institution is to survive and remain a respected part of the art community. Ethics, Profit and Culture in Museums The role of museums in contemporary society has changed in the last several decades; still considered essential to society as both reflection and mirror, museums have found themselves floundering for financial support as never before. To continue to thrive—often just to survive—they have had to adapt to meet the new demands of a multicultural world, while at the same time maintaining their respected status. ‘Traditionally seen as temples for the muses, today’s museums are being challenged to be ethical for society and to build their reputation’ (WoodArt Museums: Issues in Profits, Acquisition and Ethics