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“Greening the Ghetto” by Majora Carter Essay

Majora Carter is strongly committed to deal with environmental and social justice issues which affect residents of South Bronx, New York, where she grew up. She starts by revealing how South Bronx residents have been affected by the surrounding toxic environment due to poor zoning laws by New York City authorities. Carter is selfless because she helped develop a park in South Bronx, an area which had been neglected by city authorities for more than 50 years. She managed to enlist the support of New York Mayor and other community stakeholders to develop Hunts Point Riverside Park, in South Bronx, in an area that was previously used as an illegal dumping site. Carter advises urban authorities to have sustainable development plans which consider all residents to ensure they live in a good environment. She argues that unsustainable development impacts negatively on people of color because they are victims of ineffective zoning laws. She reveals that many people in the South Bronx had their homes destroyed in the 1950’s, to pave way for the construction of the highway linking Westchester and Manhattan. Poor zoning laws caused her family together with 600,000 other South Bronx residents to be displaced. majority of people affected by the displacement were African Americans. A combination of racial stereotypes and discriminative policies led authorities to zone off South Bronx as a low class district. Many firms which pollute the environment have been allowed to operate there and this has exposed many residents to an unhealthy environment. Carter’s personal account shows how people of color in the US are subjected to institutionalized racial discrimination, which confines them in heavily polluted residential areas (Carter). This led her to start Sustainable South Bronx, a firm which advocates for sustainable development in South Bronx. Her efforts have also encouraged sustainable development projects in San Francisco’s Baywatch area, by connecting firms with people who live there. She advocates against the pollution of big cities by big corporate firms, which fail to include locals in their plans. She describes the lack of commitment by big firms and government authorities to environmental conservation as economic degradation. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Carter argues that economic degradation begets environmental degradation, which leads to social disintegration in communities directly affected by these unethical practices. She argues that poor zoning laws by New York City authorities allow business firms which pollute the environment, to operate in South Bronx. Therefore, these practices have made poor people in major American cities to live in toxic environments, which expose them to many health problems (Carter). Carter reveals that open urban spaces need to be made more habitable to people living nearby. She asserts that private firms need to establish partnerships with community residents to protect the environment from degradation, before any commercial project is done. She argues that sustainable development brings triple benefits to the government, communities and private firms involved in specific projects. This is necessary because projected population increases in New York and other major American cities will affect environmental conservation in the country in future. She argues that major developments in urban areas should not exploit vulnerable communities living in neglected zones (Carter). She uses the example of Bogota in Colombia, to show how sustainable development has transformed the lives of many residents there. The city’s mayor has improved the lives of many residents and the same model can be used to improve many American cities. Works Cited Carter, Majora. Greening the Ghetto, Ted Talk. You Tube, 2007. Speech.

Amazon and eBay: Marketing Information System Comparison Essay

Amazon Amazon is one of the companies with a remarkable history and marketing strategy. It is one of the largest online retailers and a notable example of successful electronic commerce based on an effective marketing strategy (Hall, 2019). Amazon’s case can be used to illustrate that the development of a marketing information system (MIS) is vital for the organization’s success. Novikova (2015) notes that the establishment of such a system requires the determination of customers’ needs, the identification of the data along with the means of its protection, and the development of a structure. The development of an MIS ensures that marketing managers receive accurate clients’ information timely. The example of Amazon shows that the company’s ability to organize information, track fraud, and analyze the consumers’ behavioral patterns may allow for the improved quality of services and products. Discussion Another significant concept related to e-commerce is customer relations management (CRM). According to Cheng and Xu (2015), it can be utilized to obtain records, such as purchasing trends and use it to provide personalized services. For example, Amazon works with users’ information to create wish lists for individuals based on their purchases. Moreover, CRM allows the company to develop advertising campaigns based on the data it collects, as the technology ensures that the organization can make suggestions about the items that customers may find interesting or useful. It is necessary to note that the development of CRM, as well as the MIS, is a complex process that requires significant investment, sufficient knowledge about the market and potential customers, and training for personnel. Moreover, the consideration of the organizational and legal aspects of data collection is also vital. eBay eBay is one of the most popular platforms where individuals can purchase and sell items. Currently, it has more than 175 billion active buyers and more than a billion active listings (“Who we are,” 2019). It is evident that the company uses information about customers’ behavioral patterns to meet their requirements and provide them with a high-quality service. It allows eBay to remain competitive and influence the market by establishing a high standard of e-commerce. Discussion It is vital to describe how eBay uses analytics for its business in detail. Lopez (2016) notes that the organization utilizes machine learning and big data to perform A/B testing, improve the personalization of its services, and enhance merchandising. It allows eBay to recommend items to their customers based on their interests and purchases, as well as prevent risks for buyers and sellers, as well as to detect fraud and account take-overs. It is necessary to mention that eBay also utilizes various software tools to work with big data. For example, Murphy (2016) reports that the company uses Hadoop, Storm, and Kafka for the data streams and repository. These tools allow eBay to access and query information and search tags related to metadata. The organization’s example is notable as it shows what options other platforms may use to manage large volumes of data to accomplish their business goals. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Conclusion In addition, eBay’s decision to collect users’ information utilizing the feedback system is crucial for the success of the company. The organization allows individuals to share their opinions on the products, pricing, and services. This feature helps customers to choose trusted sellers and avoid fraudsters. This example shows that eBay’s strategies of data analysis and collection help the company to develop trust-based relationships with its customers and make its performance effective. References Lopez, M. (2016). How eBay uses big data and machine learning to drive business value. Web. Murphy, I. (2016). How eBay uses Apache software to reach its big data goals. Web. Who we are. (2019). Web. Cheng, F.,

PROMPT: Explain and cite evidence that shows which of these subjects had the biggest impact on US society from 1914-Present.

essay help online PROMPT: Explain and cite evidence that shows which of these subjects had the biggest impact on US society from 1914-Present. Warfare, Politics, Minority Rights, Technology, Media, Economy Warfare= WWI, WWII, Korea, Vietnam, Middle East and terrorism Politics= Red Scares, New Deal, Civil Rights Act, Watergate Minority Rights= African American, Women, LBTQ Technology= Cars, Planes, Cell phones, computers, vaccines Media= Newspapers, Cable Networks, Television, Movies Economy= World Wars, Great Depression, Dust Bowl, Inflation in 70s, 1990s tech/website boom, Great Recession Argumentative Essay You are picking one topic as the most important. Of course, you may talk about the other topics. However, remember that you are still arguing that your topic is the most influential. As long as you remember to illustrate why your topic is the most important. NEED 5 DIFFERENT SOURCES NEED at least 2 PRIMARY sources (assignments and the modules) and 2 PROFESSIONAL Secondary sources (Textbook, JSTOR article NOT HISTORY.COM)

Key elements of an internal control system

Key elements of an internal control system.

List the key elements of an internal control system that would apply to inventory, and explain how each of them does relate to inventory.
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Key elements of an internal control system

Business Essays – Age Discrimination Workplace

Business Essays – Age Discrimination Workplace. Age Discrimination Workplace Becoming old can be a daunting experience, having to worry about employment when you become older can be even worse. Age discrimination should not be something an older person in the workforce has to worry about, but today it is still one of the most common forms of discrimination. This paper will review the definition of discrimination and age discrimination, what the current laws are regarding age discrimination, how prevalent age discrimination is today, some of the perceived plusses and minuses of an older workforce, a personal story about age discrimination, and some methods on how to prevent age discrimination in the workplace. Discrimination is a word that carries a very high negative connotation. It is a word and act that society has been struggling with every since there were two people on this planet. The dictionary defines discrimination as a treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit. There are many types of discrimination in the workforce; race, color, religion, sex, national origin and age. Age discrimination is defined as an unfair or unequal treatment of an employee by an employer because of the employee’s age. Being discriminated against for any reason is a battle that we have to continue to fight against. As workers become older in the workforce today, they are a group that has to be protected against unfair or unequal treatment. The United States government made headway against discrimination by adopting the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which is commonly known as TitleVII. This act prohibits employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. From there the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 (ADEA) was introduced. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 protects individuals between the ages of 40 to 65 from employment discrimination based on age. The upper limit was extended to 70 in 1978 and then the limit was removed completely later on. The ADEA’s protections apply to both employees and job applicants. Under the ADEA, it is unlawful to discriminate against a person because of his/her age with respect to any term, condition, or privilege of employment — including, but not limited to, hiring, firing, promotion, layoff, compensation, benefits, job assignments, and training. It is also unlawful to retaliate against an individual for opposing employment practices that discriminate based on age or for filing an age discrimination charge, testifying, or participating in any way in an investigation, proceeding, or litigation under the ADEA. The ADEA applies to employers with 20 or more employees who work more than 20 weeks in a year, including state and local governments. It also applies to employment agencies and to labor organizations, as well as to the federal government. This act provides substantial and adequate support for people 40 years or older when finding a new employer. When it pertains to older workers and benefits, The Older Workers Benefit Protection Act of 1990 (OWBPA) amended the ADEA to specifically prohibit employers from denying benefits to older employees. An employer may reduce benefits based on age only if the cost of providing the reduced benefits to older workers is the same as the cost of providing benefits to younger workers. You can get expert help with your essays right now. Find out more… The United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces the ADEA. If a person believes they have been discriminated against because of age, they have to file a complaint with the EEOC. A charge must be filed with the EEOC within 180 days from the date of the alleged violation. This limit can be extended to 300 days if a state or local anti-discrimination law also covers the charge. To be able to file a case against age discrimination, you must establish prima facie. To establish prima facie, you must prove: 1) they are in the age group protected by the ADEA; 2) they were discharged or demoted; 3) at the time of the discharge or demotion, they were performing their job at a level that met the employer’s legitimate expectations; 4) following discharge or demotion, they were replaced by someone of comparable qualifications outside the protected class. If all four areas are met, the burden of proof moves to the employer to prove there was no discrimination. Age discrimination is a real problem in the courts system. Between 1997 and 2007 the amount of cases have varied between 15,000 to 20,000 cases a year. In 2007 there was 19,103 charges filed to the EEOC. That would work out to approximately fifty suits that are filed daily regarding age discrimination. Of those cases, sixty-two percent were thrown out because of No Reasonable Cause, where the EEOC found no reasonable cause to believe that discrimination occurred based upon the evidence obtained in the investigation. The charging party may still exercise the right to bring private court action. Seventeen percent were dismissed because of Administrative Closures, for reasons such as failure to locate charging party, charging party failed to respond to EEOC communications, no statutory jurisdiction, etc. That leaves twenty one percent of age discrimination receive some type of Merit Resolutions, these include negotiated settlements, withdrawals with benefits, successful conciliations, and unsuccessful conciliations. The total of Merit Resolutions has steadily increased from a low in 1997 of almost twelve percent to a high in 2007 of twenty one percent. In the last ten years employers have paid out almost 600 million dollars in settlements. In 2007 the total was 66.8 million dollars. Age discrimination cases can receive the largest damage awards from juries, even compared to the more publicized sexual harassment cases. There are a variety of reasons for this. Some are strictly legal, others have more to do with the emotional attachment jurors often have to age discrimination cases. There are two types of discrimination in the workplace, disparate treatment and disparate impact. Disparate treatment is blatant discrimination by the employer. A company’s employment practice is based on a practice, which intentionally treats a protected class member(s) less favorable. Because the practice is intentional, punitive damages may be imposed. Disparate impact is subtle discrimination. A company’s employment practice appears to be neutral, but the effect or impact unreasonably discriminates against a protected class. Desperate impact discrimination is more complicated and harder to prove than desperate treatment. Quite often it results from company policy that excludes a certain individual or individuals from the job or from promotions. The policy was not designed to exclude them; that was just the unfortunate result. Penalties resulting from desperate impact discrimination are usually less severe than those resulting from desperate treatment discrimination. Age discrimination has evolved and developed into something that effects productivity in the workplace. Some companies prefer younger workers to work for them, thinking that they offer better productivity and higher competition. Other companies prefer to have older employees because they are more experienced and harder workers. Yet these older workers may somehow be mistreated. Today’s culture shows that younger workers are smarter and head towards achievement. Business Essays – Age Discrimination Workplace