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good understanding of the issues. You can use the text to help you identify and clarify the issues in the case study. You can also use additional research material. If you use outside articles etc., please include a reference citation or page. Please cut and paste the questions and your responses of the case study you choose in a word document (or equivalent). All questions require a 1-2 paragraph response. A paragraph for the purposes of this assignment can be defined as 7-9 sentences in length. Detailed in-depth responses are expected. 2. For each question, you will need to support your answer by referencing the theorists, theories, concepts, perspectives, etc. that we have learned this semester. For example: (i.e., Piaget, Erickson (stages of development), Maslow, Kohlberg, Social Learning, Parenting, Attachment, Intergenerational Patterns, etc.)

NICHOLAS Case Study #1 Nicholas is a very intelligent 10-year-old who lived with his mother in his maternal grandmother’s home until he was three years old. A few years before his birth, his mother was diagnosed with bi-polar disorder, but refused medication because she said it made her feel “funny” and not herself. However she used drugs and alcohol to self medicate. Unfortunately, without proper medication, Nicholas’s mother’s behavior was quite volatile and emotionally unpredictable. This behavior worsened after she gave birth and created an environment for Nicholas that was full of chaos and violence. Therefore, Nicholas often witnessed his mother and grandmother in shouting matches that ended in physical altercations and the police being called. When Nicholas was three, his mother lost custody of him and his maternal grandmother became his sole guardian. His mother was removed from the home and sent to a therapeutic group home and rarely comes to see him. His father, who also had addiction and mental health issues, also never came around to see his son. Soon after his Grandma retained full custody, Nicholas began to exhibit behavioral problems which included aggression, hitting, cursing, and resistance. This often occurs with family members and with other children. In an effort to control these outbursts, Grandma ultimately cedes to his requests, regardless of the appropriateness of his behavior. When family members comment on his behavior and ask why she gives in to his tantrums, Grandma justifies her “giving in” behavior as compensating for Nicholas not having his mother. She also suggests that they all just do like him and pick on him for no reason. On the other hand, Grandma often resorts to shouting, cursing, and hitting Nicholas when his behavior appears to be in the boundaries of “typical” child behavior; this often escalates into a full blown rage episode where Nicholas ends up physically and verbally attacking his Grandmother in return. Nicholas attends the neighborhood public school. Academically he is in the average and above average performance. Yet, he continues to behave in inappropriate and aggressive ways with the teacher and his classmates. Recently his grandmother and his social worker were called to school when he threatened to stab a classmate in the neck with a sharp object he brought to school. The incident occurred when the classmate would not let Nicholas have the book she was reading. Undoubtedly such behavior is causing a great deal of consternation among the other students, parents, and teachers. Nicholas tells his Grandmother and the Social Worker that he was angry that the classmate did not give him the book when he asked for it. He states that he the teacher doesn’t like him and the students do not let him join in their games at recess and that makes him angry. When the teacher gently states that she does not dislike him and tries to explain that the students do not play with him because he is too aggressive toward them, the meeting abruptly ends with his grandmother blaming Nicholas’s behavior on the school and the other children. Questions 1. Identify and discuss the psycho-social risks facing Nicholas at this critical juncture of his life. Also discuss the protective factors you see in his life at this time. (5 points: one paragraph for risks and one paragraph for protective factors) a). PSYCHO/SOCIAL RISKS b). PROTECTIVE FACTORS 2. Explain and provide 3 examples of how Nicholas’s Grandmother’s role (nurture) contributes to the cognitive and emotional reactions Nicholas displays in his relationships with others. (two paragraphs- 5 points) 3. According to ATTACHMENT THEORY, (5 points) (a) what is the possible impact of his mother’s absentee parenting have on his emotional development? (Trajectory…risks) (one paragraph at minimum) (b) What appears to be the type of attachment with his grandmother? (one paragraph)