Many discussion opportunities come up where you need to respond to other people’s opinions and comments. Respond to your Discussion topic after you have completed your Reading.Lean SystemsThe advent of new technologies (the Internet, computerization, etc.) and the impact of globalization (products not only available from every country but being developed in multiple countries) has increased not just the demand for goods and services but also has increased customer requirements and expectations. As such, organizations must be constantly changing to be as economically competitive as possible. This means doing more with less as the organization becomes as “lean” as possible (no fat).The operations manager must be aware of how and why lean systems are necessary.To answer the Discussion topics, you will need to do additional research using the virtual library and/or the Internet.In order for an organization to do more with less they must examine all facets of the production or service process. To that end, address the questions below:How does just-in-time (JIT) inventory control help organizations become leaner?Where does the information on waste (waste in raw materials, waste in process and flow, etc.) come from?Should line employees be involved in making recommendations to improve lean production and processes or should this decision making be left only to management?
Unit 2 Operations Management Discussion
Critical Thinking ForumFirst, explore GMC Library for articles or reviews about any one of the stories assigned in week 3 (remember, the step-by-step instructions for literature.Then, answer the following questions in a unified response.What did you learn from reading your chosen secondary source? What information or insight was most memorable?What might be the value in reading about others’ views of an author and their work? Why do you think educators require students to include professional research?Think about Response Paper 2, which involves analyzing a theme in one of these stories. If you were to quote or paraphrase any of this material from your secondary source within your paper, what would it be and why?
ENG 102 Georgia Military College Hills Like White Elephants Article Review Paper
Capella University UnitedHealth Group Management Paper
Capella University UnitedHealth Group Management Paper.
In a 5–7 page narrative, address the following: Provide a brief background on the chosen public or nonprofit agency.Explain a recent change in leadership that took place in that organization.Identify the artifacts of communication that were used around the change in leadership.Analyze the strategies used with those artifacts to communicate the change in leadership.Evaluate the effectiveness of the execution of the agency’s succession plan. Submission Requirements Your assignment should meet the following requirements: Written communication: Your
writing should clearly identify where each grading criterion or part of
the assignment is addressed. Your points must be logical, substantive,
and relevant based on the evidence presented. The writing must be free
of errors that detract from the overall message.APA guidelines: Resources
and citations must be formatted according to current APA style and
formatting. Be sure to distinguish an electronic journal article by
including the DOI or URL. When appropriate, use APA-formatted headings.
Capella University UnitedHealth Group Management Paper
Gender Studies homework help
research paper help Gender Studies homework help. This is a paper that is focusing on the ethical and legal issues in nursing study essay. The paper also provides additional information to use in writing the assignment paper.,The ethical and legal issues in nursing study essay,An Essay on Ethical and Legal issues in nursing, Instructions to Write the Essay, An essay to be written on Ethical and Legal issues in nursing based on the case study given below. This assessment has a weighting of 40%., You need to consider:,o, The legal and ethical concerns that the situation in the scenario raises., The possible actions or inactions that could be taken and also the implications of those actions., You do not need to provide the ‘right’ answers, what you will be assessed on is your ability to determine the implications of different actions or inactions from a legal and ethical perspective., Firstly, think of the possible courses of action (or inaction) that could be taken and then consider, do any ethical theories support (or not) the actions that you discuss?,o, Secondly, which ethical principles, doctrines or concepts apply to the actions/inactions put forward and if so, how?, Thirdly, do any of the ethical principles conflict with each other or with the law?, Fourthly, which torts or other legal concerns apply to your suggested actions/inactions?, Consider the Code of Conduct, Code of Ethics and RN Standards of Practice (2016), how do they apply to this situation?,The ethical and legal issues in nursing study essay,Scenario:, On 18th January 2020, Nicole Mary Smith (pseudonym) was admitt to the Emergency department of a private hospital with the chief complaints of abdominal pain, poor appetite, and urinary symptoms. Upon review by the Emergency physician, she was admitt to the surgical ward for further investigations and symptom management. The patient is an 86-year old woman, who lives in an assisted living facility. Her daughter and also her grandson live in a nearby suburb and often visit her. During the preceding two weeks, Nicole’s condition has drastically deteriorated. Her daughter appears to be anxious and has narrated her struggle to manage the visits to the hospital and her work and family responsibilities. The visiting Oncologist has refereed Nicole to the palliative care team after the initial diagnosis of ,metastatic ovarian cancer,.,You are the registered nurse looking after Nicole. You entered the room to administer pain relief, the patient’s daughter approaches you and says, “Why do you keep bothering us, do not give her any injections; she is going to die anyway”. She goes on, “I just cannot wait for all of this to be over; I have my own family to look after”. You realize her concerns and try to reassure her. However, you been new to palliative care and are finding the situation challenging., Write an academic essay on Ethical and also legal issues in nursing, specific to the given scenario. Additionally, provide supporting evidence to your claims and include recommendations to improve future practice.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Gender Studies homework help
BUS 463 Strayer University Operating a Small Business Start Up Paper
BUS 463 Strayer University Operating a Small Business Start Up Paper.
You will need to define the legal form for this business. For a business
to be successful, it must have a clear organizational structure. You
will need to define the structure for your business, including the
number of employees required and a breakdown of their job titles and a
description of their jobs. It is critical that employees work as a team,
and you will need to define how you will create an atmosphere of
teamwork and collaboration. It is also necessary to show how you will
evaluate the stakeholders in the business and make sure that they are
involved and understand how they are affected. Funding a business can be
very challenging, and this assignment requires you to define the
funding sources. Last, you will be challenged to innovate your business,
so the assignment requires you to define the technology that will be
used to create innovation.
BUS 463 Strayer University Operating a Small Business Start Up Paper
The Identifying Factor Of Azotobacter
The Identifying Factor Of Azotobacter. It is all too easy to forget about the soil microorganisms that are so crucial to the health of the flora and fauna of an ecosystem. When speaking of soil microorganisms, this classification can be further broken down into three subcategories: fungi, protista and bacteria, with bacteria making up the largest portion of the microorganisms (Boyle et al., 2007, Pelczar et al. 1993). These soil microorganisms play a central role to the biogeochemical cycling of nutrients such as, Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Sulphur; elements which are detrimental for the growth and life of organisms (Bastida et al., 2007). In addition to their role in nutrient cycling, soil microorganisms largely contribute to soil structures by breaking down and decomposing organic matters, and are also an important food source for other organisms such as earth worms and amoebae (Bastida et al., 2007). Considering the impact of soil microorganisms on the environment and ecosystem, it is easy to see how soil microorganisms also impact human lifestyle and economy. In recent times, a flood of research has been conducted on the importance of microorganisms on agriculture, with interests in the ability of nitrogen fixing bacteria to substitute for nitrogenous fertilizers (Cakmacki et al. 2006). This lab focused on the bacterial portion of soil microorganisms, specifically, the isolation and identification of a single bacterium from a local soil sample using a number of aseptic laboratory techniques and Bergey’s Manual of Systemic Bacteriology (1984). Materials and Methods The following methods were taken from the Biology 203 Lab Manual (Robertson 2008). Two soil samples were taken, the first from forest soil and the second, a coarse woody debris, from compost. These two samples were serially diluted to make solutions from 10E-2 to 10E-7, and from each sample pour plates, slants, streak plates and broths were inoculated using aseptic technique. The colony morphologies were observed and recorded and each plate was enumerated. From these samples 4 bacteria were chosen and subcultured onto streak plates and slants. After preparing and Gram Staining the slides the cell morphologies of the bacteria were observed and noted. The colonies were again subcultured onto streak plates and tested for the ability to hydrolyze starch by adding Iodine. The colonies were also cultured into Sulfide, Indole and Motility (SIM) deeps to test for the presences of the Sulfur cycle and motility. In addition Peptone broths were inoculated and the cultures were tested for ammonification. Ammonium sulfate broths and nitrite broths were inoculated and nitrification was tested for as well denitrification was tested for by inoculating nitrate broths. Aerobic respiration was confirmed when catalase tests were carried out by adding H2O2 to a sample of bacterium. Finally cultures were individually exposed to each of several different temperatures, salinities and levels of pH in order to determine their optimal environmental conditions. A single colony of bacteria was chosen to be identified: bacteria 1 from soil sample 2. Results The colony morphology can be described as a glistening opaque white color with a flat and irregular shape. The growth was smooth and soft. The diameter of the colony approximated 15mm. Under 1000x magnification it was revealed that the cells were bacilli, singlet and had a diameter of approximately 2μm. The cells stained Gram negative. Table 1: Summary of Results for Unidentified Bacterium 1 of Soil Sample 2 Test Result Starch Hydrolysis Positive H2S reduction Negative Motility Negative Aerobic or Anaerobic Aerobic Ammonification Positive Denitrification (NO3- to NO2-) Negative Nitrification (NH3/NH4 to NO2-) Positive Nitrification (NH3/NH4 to NO3-) Positive Catalase Positive Optimal temperature 22°C Optimal pH 5 Optimal salt concentration 0% The results of the remainder of the tests – biochemical and environmental – are summarized by Table 1. It was concluded based on the Iodine and starch reaction that this bacterium hydrolyzed starch as a source of Carbon. The Sulfur cycle did not occur as there was no black precipitate from the combination of Iron and hydrogen sulfide found in the SIM deeps. The SIM deeps did reveal that these bacteria were non-motile, growing only on the stab line. The proteins in the peptone broth were degraded to ammonia signifying that this bacterium is an ammonifer. Nitrification was also confirmed with the bacteria oxidizing the NH3 and NH4 in the broths to NO2- and NO3. Denitrification however, did not occur; NO3 was not reduced. The addition of H2O2 led to bubbling as it reacted with catalase present in the cells. Optimal environmental conditions were found to be 22°C, pH of 5 and 0% salinity. Between the temperatures of 4, 15, 22 and 54°C, growth was strongest at 22°C, then 15 and weakest at 37 and 4°C . Growth at pH was only slightly stronger than at pH 7 but substantially stronger than at pH 3 and 9 (refer to table 2). Growth in salinity was best at 0% and decreased with .05%, 2% and 5% respectively. Table 2: Growth of bacterium 1 at various pH based on absorbance levels at 580nm pH Bacterial Growth 3 .227 5 .692 7 .510 9 .147 Discussion Each of these steps aided in the possible identification of the bacterium as Azobacteraceae Azotobacter a genera of bacteria found in soil, water and roots (Bergey’s Manual, 1984). Due to the thinner layer of peptidoglycan surrounded by a phospholipid outer membrane as opposed to a thick external layer of peptidoglycan this bacterium stained Gram negative (Prescot, Harley and Klein 2005). Of vital importance for identification was the presence of catalase, an enzyme present in aerobic bacteria that breaks down the toxic byproduct of electron transport: H2O2 (Wang et al. 2008). The search to identify Bacterium 1 began with these two broad criteria: Gram negative and aerobic respiration. This particular bacterium was non-motile, the bacterium grew only along the stab line in the SIM deep rather than spreading throughout the medium. This turned out to be an important factor while identifying as it as Azotobacter which contains both motile and non-motile bacteria (Bergey’s Manual, 1984). These three qualities alone pointed in the direction of Azotobacter; the biochemical and environmental tests served to confirm that Bacterium 1 was indeed Azotobacter by matching the characteristics of this particular genera to the bacterium. Nitrification was a common characteristic between the two and was confirmed to occur in Bacterium 1 when the ammonia broth was oxidized to nitrite and nitrite was oxidized to nitrate (Bergey’s Manual, 1984). Denitrification however, did not occur the nitrate was left intact and un-reduced. Ammonification, the breakdown of nitrogen containing compounds to ammonia, was also a common characteristic of Bacterium 1 and Azotobacter (Bergey’s Manual, 1984, Roberts, 2008). Although the test for motility in the SIM deep was positive, the sulfur cycle test in the SIM had a negative result. The sulfur containing compounds were not reduced by the bacterium to produce H2S and, this result even as a negative, was an important factor in identification because Azotobacter also does not reduce sulfur (Bergey’s Manual, 1984, Roberts, 2008). Bergey’s Manual (1984) classifies Azotobacter as a heterotroph and, similarly Bacterium 1 was identified as a heterotroph when Iodine was added to the streak plate containing starch and no color change occurred in the area under and around the colony. This was an indication of the bacterium breaking down and metabolizing the starch. Finally, the optimal environmental conditions of both Bacterium 1 and Azotobactera were found to be very similar. The optimal conditions were stated as: pH of 4.8 – 8.5, temperature of 15 – 37ËšC and low salinity (Bergey’s Manual, 1984). Bacterium 1 had very similar environmental conditions of: pH of 5, 22ËšC and salinity of 0% NaCl. Considering the nitrifying and ammonifiying qualities of the Azotobacter, this bacterium plays an important role in the nitrogen cycle by breaking down proteins and converting the nitrogen into a form that can then be used by other organisms (Butenschoen, Marhan and Scheu, 2007, Cakmakci et al. 2006). Azotobacter, as one of the more common nitrifying soil microbes, is known to produce a great amount of usable Nitrogen, and therefore is closely linked to plant growth and health (Cakmakci et al. 2006, Prescot, Harley and Klein 2005). Interestingly, although many nitrifying organisms hold a symbiotic relationship with plant roots, providing Nitrogen in exchange for nutrients, Azotobacter, in particular, does not (Prescot, Harley and Klein 2005). Azotobacter also carries out starch hydrolysis, and therefore aids in the decomposition of organic matter in soil and the mineralization process (Smith and Smith, 2001). The identification of Bacterium 1 as Azobacteraceae Azotobacter is not definite and several other tests would have required in order to prove this statement as true. One test which would have been very helpful would have been a test for cyst formation; a key characteristic of the Azotobacter (Bergey’s Manual, 1984, Prescot, Harley and Klein 2005). The Azotobacter are not rhizobacteria and therefore it would have been appropriate if there were some way of observing the bacteria in their natural habitat. In addition, the tests that were carried out had limitations to the amount of information that could have been gleaned from the results. The nitrification, ammonification, and denitrification tests were based on a simple color change, and there was no way of telling the process by which these functions, if present, occurred, nor were the tests specific to the concentration of the compounds present. All of these tests and techniques could also have been subjected to error, for example, measurement errors under the microscope, errors in serial dilutions and even, contamination of cultures. From a simple compost soil sample it was possible to isolate and subculture a single bacterium species. Using various biochemical tests such as, tests for nitrification, ammonification, denitrification and the sulfur cycle, it was possible to determine the characteristic metabolic functions of the organism. These results, in addition to observation of cell and colony morphology, especially Gram staining, enabled the identification of the bacterium as Azobacteraceae Azotobacter. The Identifying Factor Of Azotobacter