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Globalisation small firms and government intervention

It is believed that the history of globalisation process first began with the movement of people out of Africa into other parts of the world, and because of this movement of people, goods, ideas and customs today we find adaptations of influences from other parts of the world today in many areas of the world. Today however, we the integration of many different markets and economies of the world including the telecommunication industry and this has made the world into what is now called the Global Village. It is in this vein that governments are beginning to protect their firms or industries (mainly the infant or young firms) from the threats and stronger competitive forces of demand and supply working in the international markets which we will look at in details later. It is also critically important to understand the fact that these forces can only be limited up to a certain time before hand the government will realize the need to get involved in international business. The world is moving away from self contained economies towards interdependent and integrated global economic system. UNDERSTANDING GLOBALISATION What is globalisation? By definition globalization means: The act of economies moving away from self contained entities, isolated by from each other by barriers to cross border trade and investment; by distance, time zones, and language; and by national differences in government regulation, culture, and business systems. And now moving towards a world in barriers to cross border trade and investment are declining. From our definition above its important to understand that globalization has two facets; Globalization of markets – more of the economic integration and growing interdependences worldwide. Globalization of Production – which refers to the sourcing of goods and services around the world with a few to reduce cost but obtain quality. Charles W. L. Hill – International Business, Competing in the global market place 7th edition Dimension of market globalisation As a wide subject globalization has been investigated from various angles including economics, history, anthropology, political science, sociology, and technology. On the other hand when looking at market globalization we will be looking at the consequences of economic, technological and government policy trends. With this we can focus on the dimensions pushing the world market identified by Cavusgil et al (International Business -strategy, management and the new realities, Pearson Int’l Edition Integration and interdependence of national economies: countries in themselves are said not to be self reliant thus the need to depend on other nations for the resource not in their reach. The internationally active companies make the government in some way realize the need for international trade. The internationally active firms devise multi country operations through trade, investment, geographic dispersal of company resources, integration and coordination of value chain activities. The sequence of value adding activities performed by these firms in developing, producing, marketing, and servicing a product, the aggregate of these activities will give rise the economic integration and interdependence of national economies. Rise of regional economic integration blocs: these are coming as far as the 1950s, the like of the North American Free Trade Area (NAFTA), Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation group (APEC), in Africa we have groups like the Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA), and Southern Africa Development Corporation (SADC). These groups promote the idea of trade and investment among member countries through reduced trade and investment barriers. In more advanced arrangements like “common markets” barriers to the factors of production are eliminated. Growth of global investment and financial flows: as a result of conducting international business transactions, firms and governments buy and sell large volumes of national currencies (such as dollar, euro, yen etc). Also the globalization of capital around the world has brought about the interconnectedness of world, especially in the commercial and banking global industry. Convergence of consumer lifestyle and preference: a check around the world has shown that there is an increasing similarity in consumer spending activities. Lifestyle and preferences are speedily converging. Consumers in various areas have shown similar preferences of household, automobile and electronic goods. Major brands in the world have enjoyed a worldwide following, the likes of Nokia phones, Samsung products; the demand of certain car brands is also actively similar around today. All this similarity has been attributed to the result of international travel and exposure to different cultures. However it is also important to note that this has led to loss of culture and national values. Globalisation of production: international global rivalry among the firms has pushed a lot companies to area of low cost production and marketing. Companies are struggling to increase their economies of scale, standardization of product and reduction of costs of production or operation at all cost. We see I.T companies moving into areas like India, textile companies into China, and Mexico in the attempt because of low labour costs. THE DRIVING FORCES OF GLOBALISATION Under this subject we shall look at the forces or factors leading towards market globalization; Liberalization and adoption of free markets: The fall of the Berlin wall among many other things is what led to the fall of command economies into global economies. We also saw a lot East Asian countries embarking on ambitious market based reforms. India also followed suit in 1991, this was followed by privatization of state owned companies to private ownership and this attracted a lot foreign capital investment to these countries like China, South Korea, Malaysia, Indonesia and India. Generally this is focusing on how governments around the world are becoming less strict. Reduction of barriers to trade and investment: Because of the formation of national economic blocks governments are getting into agreements to reduce or simply eliminate trade barriers so as to improve trade relationships between them and neighboring countries. This also being a key dimension in the theory of market globalization. Industrialization: Due to economic growth and the move towards modernization around we see many emerging markets with fast growing economies a focus on the Asia, Latin America and Europe clearly depicts this. Also countries like Brazil emerging to leadership in the aircraft industry, Czech Republic in automobile and India in computer software. Because of Industrialization, economic development and modernization the standard of living have been positively impacted through the gross national product of various countries Merging world financial markets and technology: As the world is merging in most its activities business transactions are becoming more and more simplified, international firms can now can source for funds internationally and involve themselves in foreign currency transactions. The international banks are willing to offer these foreign currency transactions with easy within provided guidelines. Information technology has been critical in these international transactions between buyers and sellers will not even have to move but send money electronically once they receive their goods and service from foreign suppliers or customer. The benefits of globalisation Briefly before we can look at the threats posed by globalisation we will just look at some of the benefits that come from globalization; Increased Investment: As we have alluded to the fact that companies are able to expand due to the fact that they can source for finance globally, they can therefore easily expand to other countries of desire through different strategic alliances. With this move places which are considered feasible by the organization receive a lot of investments. These could either be short term or long term investment. Government can benefit from taxes that the multinational/international companies will be paying. Increased competition: Increased competition has led to improved standards of goods and services. As a result competition from international companies abroad the local markets begin to fear loss of their market to the international firms and to prevent this they will start to embark on project like the New Product Development, Innovation, Research and Development in order to compete more effective. This results in better products being offered at both the local and international markets. Focusing on your comparative advantage: Because of globalisation countries can focus on the goods and services they can produce without being over strained and this improves the economic welfare of a national. Creation of employment: Despite the fact that globalization can lead to labour drain it can create employment for the locals through international investments which could Foreign Direct Investments or Joint ventures. Threats Posed by Globalisation Cavusgil et al in International Business management acknowledges the following factors as threats that may come with globalisation; Offshoring and the flight of Jobs – Offshoring is the relocation is the relocation of manufacturing and other value-chain activities to cost effective areas. Despite the fact that globalisation creates countless of jobs and opportunities around the world it also has cost many people their jobs. With the need to maximize on the scale economies many firms have transferred some of their jobs. General Motors (USA), Ford, and Volkswagen have transferred thousands of jobs from their factories in Germany to countries in the eastern part of Europe. Offshoring Has brought about job losses in numerous mature markets. Loss of national sovereignty – Countries are losing the ability to control internal affairs, the activities of multinational companies can have an effect on the economic, social and political structures of a nation. Some multination companies have internal economies that are bigger than the economies of some countries and these organizations have been able to direct or exert influence on governments through their huge contributions. The only way out for government survival is to allow a market liberalized economy to control forces on the market. Effects on the poor – It is believed that the poor are becoming poorer and the rich are getting richer in developing economies, this is because low wage pays, poor working conditions, and the employment of child labour among many thing present a negative effect. The International Labour Organization statics are showing that over 250 children are in full time employment however intervening to stop may worsen the living standards in the lives of many who maybe related to these children though at the same time this is at the expense of child education. On the hand these conditions seem to be in other countries, the footwear industries are paying well in the Vietnams; countries that were once being exploited for low labour cost are now experience a tremendous economic growth rate which is evident on their GDP. These are countries like Chile and India. Effects on National culture – Dilution of culture, because of globalisation nations that may not have very strong cultures like the one existing among the Muslim world (have a strong standing cultural value); nations are at risk of losing their culture or it becoming diluted as foreign companies will bring their global brands, unfamiliar products and new values. In this view we see children around the world behaving almost in the same manner and have about the same everywhere among these has been the demand for iPods among young people Specific Threats to smaller firms (SME) Intense Competition (Rivalry): International firms have enough resources, capital, skilled and talented people who can design products tailored to customer needs. Shake Outs or Loss of business customers: The smaller local firms may fail to compete and the end result maybe to close up the business because they have lost their customers who are the focal point in any business. Loss of skilled and experienced employees: International firms have enough money to pay anyone they know who has an understanding of the market and is skilled enough to be an asset for the company and these will come from the local competitors causing high labour turnovers in the industry. Threat of takeover possibilities: The other feel is the local and government may have is that International may takeover some big firms and start running the industries that governments may also be depending on and not only for taxes. In our summary to these threats what we can say is that globalisation exposes the smaller firms to intense rivalry or competition in the local market, this being mainly because the international firms are enjoying reduced operation costs, advanced technology, can leverage skills and labour around the world more easily, have enough resources or capital to compete effectively and at an international level. 4. GOVERNMENT AND SUPRANATIONAL AUTHORITIES SUPPORT The oxford dictionary defines government as, ‘a group of people who rule a state’. The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines government as the continuous process governing, controlling or direction. It also defines supranational as the organization or movement that transcends national boundaries, authorities though they have limited power. The most practical examples being the United Nation, European Union in Europe, International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank these are some among the most outstanding supranational authorities. There basically for major reasons that justify why government should intervene in international trade as identified by Cavusgil et al in our Pearson international business edition of strategy, management and the new realities we have the following: Protection of the National Economies: This mainly came from the labour activists who were against the outsourcing of jobs from Europe and the united states to India and where asking for government intervention to curtail the import of cheap products and increase trade barriers. Protection of Infant Industries: This is our focus of the report. Emerging industries, companies are often inexperienced and lack the technology and skill to compete with already established global firms and industries. National Security: Nations impose trade barriers on products that they deem critical to national defense and security; these could be in the form of military technology and computers. These trade barriers can be used to boost local production and capacity. National Culture and Identity: Sometimes governments wants to protect some occupations, industries, public assets that are central to national culture and identity as we shall look at later. Methods and Techniques used to protect small firms (How they can protect small firms) Trade Barriers – Government can impose some trade barriers to ensure the infant industries are protected until such a time when they can effectively compete. Government will present trade barriers like the Quotas (being the restriction on the quantity of products that a country can import for a specified period of time). Tariffs can be another technique government can use, increased would mean the products of imports would become more expensive than the local products or services people might end up resenting these products. Investment Barriers – These are investment restrictions in particular industries or being able to acquire a local firm. These restrictions are common in industries such as broadcasting, air transportation, financial services, military technology, and the oil industry. These are left to enable the infant industries to grow until such a time when they can compete. Most of these laws were very prevalent in India, and Mexico. Subsidies – This id monetary aid or resource support from the government to the smaller firms to help them with production and other services that they need to help them grow. This is in the effort to reduce import by all means and encourage exports and therefore subsidies can also take the form of tax breaks, actual cash or services at reduced prices. Reduced Investment barriers within the bloc – For the firms within the bloc such the European Union the countries within the bloc ensure that trade and investment barriers are reduced and this also allows currency flow within the bloc. Membership to such supranational organizations also fosters a huge market for export within the bloc. Cavusgil et al, International Business -Strategy, Management and the new realities, Pearson int’l edition. The government and supranational bodies can encourage the following – emphasize on high value adding industry activities especially on the value chains, taking advantage of the monetary and fiscal policies, be a member of a bloc as already alluded to as this brings out more exposure to export market and protection. In summary what we can say is the smaller firms should try by all means to take advantage of the support and protection from the government and supranational organizations. With time international firms will finally break through different regions and free trade zones and begin to offer competition. It is important to note that managers can use the support to gather resource and competitive advantage on an international level. RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS Finally we can recommend that it is important for the government and other supranational bodies to protect their local industries as this builds their economies, and makes their firms strong enough to contend with the firms in the international market. This also builds the trust of the people or citizens in these regions as they know that their government or organizations are willing to support and thus see the need to keep them in power. On the other hand global firms despite the barriers that may exist still manage to breakthrough into protected industries and blocs using different strategies developed by their managers. International firms can also prove to be very beneficial sources of income generation for the government inform of taxes and economic development as they increase competition this results in excellence and more professionally managed industries at a global level.
Real Madrid Club or what is more commonly known as Real Madrid has been perpetually considered as a money maker through its many ways of doing business and generating profit. This professional football club in Madrid, Spain has been attributed, with each rich history, to be earning millions of euros in its operation. The Santiago Bernabeu Stadium itself has been giving a lot of income for the club through the sales from the tickets of every football game. Fans flock the stadium and they actually pay too little attention with how much they pay compared to the benefit of the satisfaction that they get for every game seen. One of the easiest ways in which they earn money is through their museum in which people pay in order to experience a tour and to be able to witness the rich history of their football club unfolding right before their eyes. For a die hard football fan of the team, the entrance fee to the museum can be assumed to be nothing compared to what you will see inside. Being the most valuable football brand inEuropeand being one of the best brands in the world, it is indeed worth throwing extra amount just to have a fair share of the Real Madrid experience. Another way in which Real Madrid is earning money is through its players. The football players of the club are very well established and known in the global landscape of sports and advertising since they have actually become valuable brands themselves. A big part of their revenue can be attributed to the shirts and jerseys with their names which are selling like pancakes, especially for the fans. Not only through the shirts, they are also available through other items which can serve as an unforgettable memento of the club. For instance, David Beckham playing for Real Madrid has earned them a lot of euros especially considering the fact that Beckham is a global sports icon and that his brand value is very high. Every Beckham item being sold is a sure fire hit for the club to earn. RealMadridretains fifty percent of the image rights on every endorsement made by its players. In the case of Beckham, Real Madrid has the right to half of every earning from any endorsement made by the legendary and world-renowned football player. Like Beckham, Cristiano Ronaldo is also one of the major players of the club which is attributed to be a money maker. When Ronaldo was bought by Real Madrid from Manchester United, the club was then very much aware of how this deal will increase the value of their team and how they will generate more money in exchange for paying a huge amount just to acquire Ronaldo. Kaka being a member of the team is also another factor which will continue to increase the market value of Real Madrid and therefore would give the club more opportunities to generate more money. Another way in which Real CMadrid is earning money is through advertisement. The football club’s stadium is full of ads from companies such as Coca Cola, Adidas, and Audi. The names of these companies scattered all over the club, and being attached on the uniforms of the players is money making machine for the company. They are paying Real Madrid a lot of money just to have the names of their brands associated on the name of the football club. From that way, the companies will benefit because during the game, the fanatics can be able to see the brands being advertised. As a global brand name and a rich football club, Real Madrid is also an economic force more than just being a sports team. The prestige of the club itself coupled with acquiring some of the best players in the field of football are both contributory to the profit which the club has been generating. The company employs marketing strategies which will give them the pitch for both sports and business. The Santiago Bernabeu itself, serving as a venue for their game, can be already classified to be giving them passive income with every game. When the seats are taken, then the club is enjoying rocketing revenues. Their VIP areas balconies, which are sold at a higher price, are also giving them a lot of earnings. The Bernabeu has been also regarded as having a special magic which inspires visitors with the experience of the club. The merchandising efforts of the club, particularly as far as the players are concerned, could be assumed as the greatest money maker. It allows them to earn through the use of the club’s brand and the popular image of their world-class football players. QUESTIONS: 1. If you were part of the management of Real Madrid, what other marketing efforts would you extend to improve the image of the brand and to generate more profit? 2. Beckham and Ronaldo are some of the players generating profit for Real Madrid. Do you think that Real Madrid is successful only because of the popularity of their players which increases the brand value of the football club? 3. What is the sustainable competitive edge of Real Madrid against its competitors? 4. It is said that what Real Madrid lacks is a global marketing strategy. How do you think such aspect can be improved?
NUR 3655 Utica College Cultural Competence Case Study.

Purpose: To become knowledgeable about various cultures and ethnicity by using case study scenarios for discussion and analysis. Guidelines: Open the Case Studies for Cultural Case Study Forum in the Required Assessments folder in the weekly materials. You will use your assigned case study in conjunction with the video below to respond to this forum. Watch Becker’s video ‘Health Belief Model & Cultural Competence’ in the Required Learning Activities folder, (go back to Week 2 where the video is posted under Required Learning Activities). Using Redman’s Instructional Methods (2007) strategies for teaching patients from diverse backgrounds discuss the following questions: According to literature, people from different backgrounds have different learning styles. The thought is a person learns based on their culture, which is linked to their country of origin and environment. For example, some learn best through storytelling. Based on your assigned Case Study, which Redman instructional method would be most effective in teaching this patient at the bedside and why? In other words, which instructional method is supported by literature? Please use Redman’s Instructional Methods for different methods. If this link does not work there is a duplicate in the Additional Resources for Models folder in the weekly materials. Identify appropriate considerations or interventions you would address in a teaching plan. For example, consider accommodations you might make due to health care practices, cultural beliefs, and behaviors, religious preferences, common dietary restrictions, or potential issues related to teaching/learning preferences.
NUR 3655 Utica College Cultural Competence Case Study

The UK economy has undergone structural, financial, and political change over the last thirty years. Different ideologies and policies have served to shape the relationship between government and economy in varying directions. Some elements, such as state intervention, have remained as a point of debate. Other factors, like globalization, have just recently developed. The policy of UK governments as a whole has been shaped quite heavily by major economic events during this period, and the legacy left by the Conservative and Labor governments can still be seen today. The context of this relationship is concerned with the theory of political economy. This is the idea of rationality and growth of the ‘free market. First, it is key to outline the characteristics of the relationship the government and the economy share. Clearly, a government influences the way an economy works via it’s policies. The government uses two branches of policy, fiscal and monetary. Fiscal policy entails government spending whereas monetary policy involves manipulation interest rates. Both policy instruments are designed to achieve growth. The attempts of a government to influence economic activity in the national economy are defined as macro-economic measures. Even the government itself is run as a typical business in a free market economy. It has a limited budget, and it has to prioritize quality and cost. It sets itself certain monetary and economic targets which it aims to meet each financial year. The state also plays a crucial role in providing a welfare state, where transfer payments are an important part of a circular flow of an economy. Transfer payments are aid given to people who are unemployed, or for any other reason, are economically inactive. Aside from this, the government will play other roles of importance. The regulation of markets and the encouragement of competition and entrepreneurship are all different areas in which the government contributes to the economy. If you break the relationship down further to involve the firms, the government still maintains influential involvement. The tax system and enterprise schemes are just two of a long list of programs with which government and business stay inter-connected. The association between the government and its economy is a crucial and significant aspect of any dominant nation around the globe. One of the key changes in this relationship between governments and economies hasn’t risen from external events. One of the components of this relationship has undergone significant change since 1979. When looking at the time period just before this, there had been various approaches to political economy which had begun and then collapsed. The Keynesian orthodoxy collapsed in the face of a persistent and unpredicted rate of inflation. Each ideological change brought about it’s different effects on the relationship between government and economy. To generalize the change before and after 1979, it is appropriate to state that the size and style of government had changed, from big to small. Big government, where regulation of markets, state intervention and command economics were the central characteristics, had been abolished. In came small government, where practices such as deregulation, privatization and free market economics were encouraged and integrated. Under small government, the state would take a step back from economic affairs, and adapt, to a small extent; a ‘laissez-faire’ approach. This change in government would be preferred by business and other capitalists. Certainly, this change was a landmark event in the economic theory of the state, and would shape the economic policies of the following governments. The tenures of Thatcher and Blair may have been under different parties, but towed the line of small government, less government intervention. A new wave of neo-liberal or neo-classical practice had begun. The change in government style has been noted. Now, the effects of this change need to be assessed, and more importantly, the critical elements need to be analyzed. First, the notion of state intervention and market failure has to be critically put under the microscope. The argument over whether the state should intervene in the country’s economy has been a drawn out affair. Certainly, under the new Thatcher government in the early 80’s, state intervention in economic matters was the norm. Under Thatcher ‘there was a real attempt to deregulate markets and to transfer assets from public to the private sector’. This policy of privatization, ‘the sale of public sector firms to the private sector’, had become the hallmark of the 1980’s Conservative tenure. ‘Indeed, for many the overriding impression given by the Thatcher government was it’s interventionist … stance in a wide variety of markets’. The idea behind this privatization program was that first, opening up large monopoly type companies allowed the implementation of private expertise and involvement, which wasn’t initially present. This would lead to a great level of efficiency and productivity. Second, privatization would show that ‘even natural monopolies were better handled by arms’ length regulation that committed the government to intervene perpetually’. Other Thatcher projects like the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) and Public-Private partnerships invoked the idea of bringing a isolated private sector into the fray, and tapping it’s knowledge and expertise to bring a positive effect. The Public Finance Initiative used private finance to build projects and private management to run them, with the government paying a service charge for the use of the asset. Certainly, this program brought to the end the idea of heavy state control. The economic policies of Thatcher were a definite change from the period before. Labor would continue the main theme of free market policies. However, the period under Labor also the nationalization of some of Britain’s big companies. The Financial Crisis of 2007 saw Labor bring the Royal Bank of Scotland, Northern Bank and Lloyds TSB into government ownership. The government was forced to pump emergency funds into the banks to restore confidence in the banking system and to avoid a complete collapse. The need for government intervention wasn’t favored by either the banking sector or the general public, but this intervention was one of the risks which came with a free market economy. As free market economies involve little regulation, the banks in this case, went past many of their remit when it came to what practices they could and should carry out. In such an economy, it is often assumed that the market should be left to regulate for itself, but such an assumption failed completely here. Alongside the banking crisis, the government was forced to introduce other macro-economic measures, such as quantitative easing designed to increase money supply and consumer spending, and other more micro-economic based measures such as the car scrappage scheme, which concentrated on boosting car sales. Government intervention was quite successful during this period, with Britain return to relative growth by 2009 and the banking sector beginning to recover. The period highlights the issue of whether state intervention is ever invisible to the economy. The idea behind dropping a command economic model is that you want an economy to work in a way for which it aims to maximize profit and creates growth and enterprise. Taking out the notion of state intervention means that individual companies and markets will have to work more efficiently and more professionally then they would if state assistance was on hand to help on any time. Regulation and risk-taking would have to be at an acceptable level, as the responsibility and successfulness of a business will depend solely on it’s management. Thus, should the business fall into trouble, and the government doesn’t intervene, it will be the company’s bosses that will feel the wrath of it’s shareholders. However, when the situation at stakes involves a sector which the whole country depends on and uses a lot of the time, e.g. banks, it becomes increasingly difficult for the government not to take action. The banks were a big concern for the public and small businesses, as there would be a high chance of savings being lost and businesses losing investment. It was important for all people involved to see the banks recover and be halted from the verge of collapse. The period has shown two things. Firstly, the UK economy has definitely assembled a free market and neo-liberal economic agenda, with markets allowed to act as they wish within an appropriate limit. Secondly, the government has the tools and the power to intervene in markets which grossly abuse the power allocated and allowed to them. Another aspect of political economy which has developed over the last thirty years is globalization. The term globalization ‘more accurately describes a number of processes by which products, people, companies, money and information are able to move freely and quickly around the world, unimpeded by national borders or other territorial limitations’. The effect of globalization is developing as each day goes by. The global economy has undergone significant change over the last few years, with workers and businesses all around the world being influenced by events happening in other parts of the globe. Trade and labour are some of the key parts of how globalization has developed. Trade between countries has grown quite extensively, with the European Union a good example of how trade relations have lengthened. Also, companies are now beginning to locate businesses abroad because of cheap labour and favorable tax incentives. All these events have led to a rapid rise in global economic theory and policy. Globalization has helped create TNC’s (transnational companies) whose brand name is known all around the world. The effect of globalization is that the communication and influence of national government in it’s can break down easily. For example, if a company in the UK feels it is being taxed unfairly, or feels that it’s UK labour force isn’t as efficient as it could be in other countries, it may now have the ability to leave without causing itself much damage financially. If the government knows that it’s hand can be forced easily by the developing global market, it will be forced to succumb to the any demand of it’s domestic businesses. Ironically, globalization can also be classed as an argument for state intervention. Globalization will lead to some businesses failing due to increased competition – more reason to support other firms which could be successful in the future. Also, globalization may not be such a bad thing economically. Yes, a country is at risk with its businesses willing to relocate to the country that suits them best, but global competition means more emphasis on firm’s to become competitive. This can lead to more jobs and more growth in the domestic economy. The advancement of globalization has led to a decrease in the influence of government and moved up a notch, the power of business in national economies. In conclusion, over the last thirty years, the relationship between government and economy has fluctuated many times. The policy and style of government, and other external crises’ and events have led to different styles in handling public sector economics. External events such as the financial crisis and globalization have brought up the debate of the free market and whether attempts to keep the government in the background will ever be successful. Monopolies were the created of privatization, but deregulation was a creator of nationalization. This has seen a fine line having to be struck between the government’s roles in the economy. Globalization has seen individual firms within an economy boost their status and influence, in turn, shutting out government power in their respective economies. Different parties have brought their respective philosophies into power in the UK. Enterprise, freedom of choice and increased competition in individual markets has been the driving force in most action taken by government during this period. In my opinion, it is fair to say, that the UK economy and the UK government have undergone structural, political and geographical change, which has led to Britain maintaining a stranglehold in the battle of the developed and developing economies.

THEO 1010 University of California Los Angeles Hinduism Spiritual Practice Questions

THEO 1010 University of California Los Angeles Hinduism Spiritual Practice Questions.

Answer the following question1.What are your impressions thus far of Hinduism? 2.What do you identify as Hinduism’s core teachings on the meaning of life, and what seem to be some of the ethics implied by the theologies of this tradition? 3.Can you think of any ways that these Hindu beliefs or ethics could be applied to produce a commentary on any current social justice issues, or lead people to think differently about any of the issues facing our current society?Explanation: there are many social justice issues one could explore here, such as racial injustice, gender discrimination, homophobia, climate change, income gaps, violence, refugee crises, and so on – there are many more social justice issues one could explore here so feel free to develop your own applications! Ground your writing in the assigned readings, apply the ideas we have been studying, and give your own examples. Be sure to address all parts of the prompt, too, including sketching out what you identify as the core teachings on the meaning of life and any general implied ethics you can identify.
THEO 1010 University of California Los Angeles Hinduism Spiritual Practice Questions

The Sarcophagus of Ahiram Essay

order essay cheap A lead made sarcophagus was excavated by a French Archaeologist in Rome in 1923. This was a rarity because a few of the sarcophagus adopted by the Romans used lead. Curiously, there were only countable instances of renowned personalities buried in luxurious sarcophagus. Well, a sarcophagus is a luxurious casket or a coffin that was used for the inhumation of the dead. The Greeks used this method for centuries; however, the Egyptians were the first people known to use such inhumation procedure. The ancient Egyptians used this method to bury their ‘mummies’. The word ‘sarcophagus’ originates from two Greek words ‘sarx’ and ‘phagien’. These words mean ‘flesh eater’ when combined for a sarcophagus word. The Egyptians believe the sarcophagus was a possessor of life, and not of death (Koortbojian 57). The sarcophagus of Ahiram is considered to be the mysterious discovery which tells much about the history of the city and the king who ruled it. Description of the Sarcophagus Pierre Montet, a French archaeologist, discovered this interesting but mysterious sarcophagus in 1923. Dating back to Early Stone Age, this sarcophagus revealed outstanding calibrations and low relief panels. These characteristics revealed the excellent art of the Phoenicians of that era. The sarcophagus shows King Ahiram seated on his throne who is carved with sphinxes that are winged in high place. The priestesses are offering the King several pieces of the lotus flower. There is a lid outside the sarcophagus. This lid is engraved with two imposing masculine images. They seem to confront each other. There are lions between the gentlemen. This sarcophagus is ideally made from sand or limestone. It assumes the shape of a rectangle and has a relief characteristic with a base, the main coffin and a decorated lid. Curved lions decorate the sarcophagus have. The two lions sit back to back probably showing reverence and respect to the King Ahiram. Amazingly, their body parts are detached, this means the legs, paws, and lengthy tails of the lions are seen. There is a mysterious touch about these engravings that may suggest respect or admiration. From an anterior view, the heads of the lions are in the first plain and simplifying force, audacity, and strength are more emphasised. To the long side of the sarcophagus there is a clear scene of the King on the throne. He is next to winged sphinxes. They are seen to be standing in a straight posture and their strong tails lifted. The King is seen to be calm and is holding a piece of a lotus flower that is almost withering. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More His gestures are suggesting that he is pointing at something and he is receiving special offerings from at least seven people who have analogous garments. The symmetrical inscriptions on top of the sarcophagus tell preferably about the splendid growth of his Kingdom. Feminine people are seen wailing at the edge, traces of scarlet colour are seen; these are features that make this sarcophagus rhetoric and mysterious. The sarcophagus has various inscriptions. If one takes a closer look at the sarcophagus, he/she can see 38 inscriptions of the Phoenician Alphabet there. Scholars believe the Phoenicians alphabets represent the oldest dialects in the Kingdom of Byblos. The excavator and scholars found very interesting features about this sarcophagus. The inscriptions carried messages that meant to stop the excavator to continue digging. Reinhard Lehman was able to find the translation of the writings on this sarcophagus using the ancient Phoenician alphabetical dialect (Pritchard 57). History of the Sarcophagus of Ahiram King of Byblos became incredibly famous because of the sarcophagus described above. This is real evidence of the culture and wisdom of the Phoenician people. The alphabet found on the lid of the sarcophagus proves the Greek writings. Benjamin Sass is a proponent of a theological theory that Israelites have a hand in creating the complex alphabet. The text inscribed on the sarcophagus is the oldest alphabet of around 11th century. That is, it is older than Moabite King Misha dated to be characteristic with 814 B.C kind of texts. Scholars believe that Ahiram was a renowned Phoenician King. He ruled a Kingdom called Byblos. He reigned in 999 BC. Little history is written about Ariham, although a lot is revealed in this sarcophagus that was discovered in 1923. Ahiram’s name was inscribed in the sarcophagus and kept scholars looking for answers as well as information about this Phoenician King of Byblos (Torrey 265). First, the archeologist thought it to be a simple Egyptian burial place. The sealing and the basic writing on the surface of the sarcophagus reveal a lot that makes this piece of artifact a national historical object that needs a keen eye. Apart from the inscriptions of the lid and the rim of the artifact, the messages carried on the inscriptions are shocking, tormenting, and mysterious. This makes this piece more interesting. The details of the inscriptions describe how King Ahiram of Byblos was put in seclusion. Of course, this is a tale of the bitter story of death. We will write a custom Essay on The Sarcophagus of Ahiram specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Then, no one among the kings or governors in Byblos kingdom should come against King Ahiram and try to uncover the same sarcophagus. If someone does this, then there will be a lot of suffering and minimal peace in the land, because whoever will be excavating the sarcophagus will be after the Kingdom of Ahiram (Lee 82). There are several measures the excavator should perform to exonerate guilt and fate. This sends a chill down the spine. In conclusion, the Sarcophagus of Ahiram carries a lot of mystery and the obscurity behind the method of burial. It is evident from the inscriptions in the lead sarcophagus that was excavated almost a century ago. Works Cited Koortbojian, Michael. Myth, Meaning, and Memory on Roman Sarcophagi. California, CA: University of California Press, 1995. Print. Lee, David. Ernest Renan: In the Shadow of Faith. London, UK: Duckworth, 1996, Print. Pritchard, James. Archaeology and the Old Testament. London: Princeton University Press, 1968. Print. Torrey, Charles. “The Ahiram Inscription of Byblos”. Journal of the American Oriental Society.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 45.4 (1925): 269 279. Web.

Human Development Draft Essay

Human Development Draft Essay. Need help with my Psychology question – I’m studying for my class.

Visit the Ashford University Library to locate a minimum of three relevant, Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) that will inform your understanding of the issue from a psychological perspective. Before beginning your writing, verify the scholarly nature of the articles you have chosen. Review the Ashford University Library Quick ‘n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.) tutorial for more on how to use the library in the research process.

To complete this activity, produce the following utilizing the Preparing for the Final Paper template (Attached below)

Part 1: The Annotated Bibliography: An annotated bibliography is a list of relevant scholarly works along with a descriptive and evaluative summary of each. Your annotated bibliography will relate information relevant to your analysis of the selected option provided for the Final Paper. Review the Making an Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) tutorial and Sample Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.) for an example of how to complete your assignment.

Develop an Annotated Bibliography (Links to an external site.), which evaluates each of the three selected sources, appraising the information relevant to the chosen topic (one paragraph per source).

Do not use direct quotes; instead, paraphrase or summarize, using your own Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) and properly applying in-text citations. Review Quoting, Paraphrasing, & Summarizing (Links to an external site.), APA: Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.), and In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.) for more.

Part 2: The Introduction Paragraph

Prepare an introductory paragraph that articulates the information you have learned from your review of the literature in the annotated bibliography.

Your introduction should create context for the topic, provide a concise preview, and conclude with a clear thesis statement identifying your conclusion regarding the veracity of the commonly held belief. Apply academic voice through application of ethical writing strategies. Review Introductions & Conclusions (Links to an external site.) and Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.) for more.

Part 3: The (Brief) Outline

Provide a brief overview of the content you plan to cover, Outlining (Links to an external site.) the major points of the paper.

Part 4: Questions

List any questions about the Final Paper you may have for your instructor. (If you do not have questions that is okay.)
Indicate planned future steps necessary to complete the assignment.

The Preparing for the Final Paper: Seeking the Truth assignment

Must be completed using the Preparing for the Final Paper template.
Must be three double-spaced pages in length at minimum, excluding the title and reference pages.
Must be formatted according to APA Style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.)resource.
Must include a separate title page, as identified in your required template, with the following:

A header
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submittedFor further assistance with the formatting and the title page, refer to APA Formatting for Word 2013 (Links to an external site.) and Running Head Format for APA Style Papers (Links to an external site.).

Must utilize academic voice. See the Academic Voice (Links to an external site.) resource for additional guidance.
Must include the introduction paragraph draft that you intend to apply to the Week 5 Final Paper. Your introduction paragraph needs to end with a clear thesis statement that indicates the purpose of your paper.…

Must use at least three scholarly, peer-reviewed sources. Additional scholarly sources are encouraged. Be sure to integrate your research smoothly rather than simply inserting it.

The Scholarly, Peer-Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources (Links to an external site.) table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment. For more, review the Ashford University Library Quick ’n’ Dirty (Links to an external site.) tutorial and Integrating Research (Links to an external site.) resource.

Must document any information used from sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center’s APA: Citing Within Your Paper (Links to an external site.) guide.
Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Review the Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.) resource in the Ashford Writing Center for specifications.

Human Development Draft Essay

Strategies for Developing Organizational Culture

Introduction Based on the case brief, the following involves the critical analysis of theories to aid in analysing the case of Smartbuild Ltd. and making arguments with regards to teamwork, culture and change. Teams and Teamworking Theory Tuckman’s group development sequence model To analyse the case brief with regards to teams and team working, the Tuckman’s group development sequence model has been selected for the analysis of Smartbuild. This model consists of four-stages namely; forming, storming, norming and performing, with Tuckman categorising them as the framework of teambuilding(TUCKMAN, 1965). A fifth model, adjourning, after Tuckman and Mary Ann Conover Jensen, a doctoral candidate, revisited the model and reviewed the literature on team development (Bonebright, 2010). Figure 1 – Tuckman’s model; Production against time (Wilson, 2010). Forming This stage basically marks the inception of the team formation. It is here that people come together to form a team in most cases having no prior connection with one another (Wilson, 2010). The group is oriented towards the tasks, coupled with the creation of ground rules and testing of boundaries for interpersonal and task behaviours. Furthermore, it is a stage characterised with establishment of relationships between one another as well as leadership and organisational standards (Bonebright, 2010). Storming Conflict is the theme here with conflicts generally rooting from resentments and annoyances tucked away in the last stage or even clashes between distinct personalities and working habits (Hinz, 1999). Storming is seen as very important stage because suppressing conflict, leads to bitterness and resentment and permitting it to exceed controllable limits leads to tension. Ergo it is crucial to maintain a manageable level of conflict which will facilitate healthy growth and development of the team (Hinz, 1999). Norming Here, the ‘storm’ has quiet down and cooperation and relationship cohesion sets in. Rules and standards are set and group members comfortably express opinions and accept each other’s idiosyncrasies. Furthermore, the top-notch work effort creates a mixture of openness and harmony which in return increases group morale and team building efforts (Bonebright, 2010). Performing Performing is the final stage of the original model with (TUCKMAN, 1965) stating that the group now develops a “functional role relatedness”. There is a familiarity of roles, responsibilities and duties by team members as well as the overall goals and objectives. There is interdependence and team members provide valuable contributions in the path to achieving work expectations (Bonebright, 2010). Adjourning “Everything that has a beginning has an end” (Oracle, 2003) and this stage marks symbolises that; end of the group as a whole. Here, the team breaks up after completing the task after having concluded things like final reports and cleaning up undone tasks. Typically, a planned group conclusion is agreed upon whereby there is recognition for participation and achievement with farewells saved for last (Hinz, 1999). Organizational Culture “Organisational culture refers to the patterns of beliefs, values and ways of coping with experience that have developed during the course of an organisation’s history and, which tend to be manifested in its material arrangements and in the behaviours of its members” (Brown, 1998). This definition essentially explains that organisational culture is a system of shared values, beliefs that is synonymous to a certain organisation and by extension, meaning that it is a unique part of every organisation. Such is the case as every organisation provides its own unique way of doing things with rules and guidelines set out for its members (Gochhayat, Giri,

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