In the mid-2000s both Australia and the United States had large natural resource production booms. Australia began to markedly increase its mining and exporting of iron ore, coal, and natural gas after large increases in commodity prices in the mid-2000s. The U.S. production boom in natural gas was attributed to new horizontal drilling technology called fracking.Questions:1) Which country’s exchange rate would most likely be impacted by the natural gas production boom? (State the reasons for your answer)2) Which country would most likely suffer from the Dutch Disease? (State the reasons for your answer)Your response must be at least two paragraphs.
Glendale College Australian Exchange Rate Natural Gas Production Boom Essay
AmeriTrade Toys Company: Ethical Implication of Moving Essay
Most companies experience high production costs and decide to relocate to a region where production costs are relatively cheaper. With relocation of a company to another place, it is inevitable that there will be the dismissal of some employees in order to reduce the cost of production. It is ethical for a company to move to another region in order to reduce the costs of production, especially when the company is experiencing financial difficulties. It is, therefore, ethical if AmeriTrade Toys moves its production to China. The main aim of doing this is to reduce the costs of producing the toys to a minimum level as possible. No company wants to dismiss its employees because they are an important asset. The act of dismissing employees is usually analogous to an act of closing a facility that has had a huge capital venture. It is, therefore, ethical when they move to the other region and all the parties involved become winners. The employees are innocent parties to the market forces, therefore, the company can only be ethical when it provides the employees and their families maximum support at the same time avoid any delays. Employees who remain in the company are affected in the process of relocation. There is a challenge of the remaining employees being able to maintain their talent. It is also important to take keen note of how the remaining employees treat the departing employees. How departed employees are treated, sends a powerful message to the remaining employees giving them an idea on how the company treats them. Therefore, the company should treat them well because they are real people and not commodities. The community living around a company is greatly affected when a company relocates to another place. When most companies depart, they usually leave an economic hole. It is essential for the company to partner with the local community in the process of laying off employees. The company makes sense through this during relocation. Word will travel fast to the community about the company’s conduct and the same market conditions can face the company on the place it relocates to and it may be forced to come back to its original location, therefore, the community may have concerns on whether to ignore the company or not. Ethical Consideration for Ameritrade Toys to Continue Using Wen Wai as a Manufacturer It is inappropriate for AmeriTrade Company to continue working with Wen Wai as a manufacturer basing on the description of the working conditions. The various ways and means of delivering results is relatively important as the results that need to be delivered. It is important for Wen Wai to note that the passion its employees have in their work is usually extended to the employees’ private lives. Therefore, it is important for the company to have a healthy balance between the work commitments made by the employees and their own life responsibilities. The company should have provided time for employees to rest, spend time with their family members and at the same time have healthy food that will enable them to work effectively. For Wen Wai to be able to succeed, it is integral to have flexible work arrangements and provide resources that are able to support its employees including healthcare among others. Steps taken by AmeriTrade to ensure the firm is not profiled as an enterprise that benefit from sweatshop labor AmeriTrade Company has to put in place several measures to prevent the sweatshop labor. The company should ensure the labor department enforces and monitors ethical practices in the organization because most organizations have become capitalist and priority has been put on gaining money and not the welfare of the employees. The employees should be able to have a social contract approach which will have an obligation to respect rights that are articulated in the contract. It is also vital for America Trade to adopt Universal Human Rights that its article 30 identifies the positive and negative rights of an employee. The article explains what will happen if human beings possess negative rights at the work place. The practice of making the workers spend more hours at the workplace and given little amount of pay for the overtime is a negative right of an employee. If employees possess positive rights, they will have an entitlement to practices that are necessary for an employee to have individual freedom to participate in various activities such as having employee unions, entitlement to annual leave, among others. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More America Trade, while trying to address the conditions favoring sweatshop conditions, should take into considerations the pressures that come to globalization and the poor economic condition that are present in developing countries. For instance, even though there is the presence of global disparity in wages and the living conditions, the company should sort working conditions that are unacceptable. America Trade should sponsor no sweat program that will be able to eliminate sweatshop labor. This program will be able to organize the community to support a community that is practicing a sweatshop-free shopping law, encourage companies to treat its employees well and produce goods that are of fair trade.
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OPTION B: Worksheet! (use a simulation; less exciting but cheaper)Do the following:(15 points) Your First Post submitted here includes:CompleteLC RL and RLC circuits sp21.pdf download (there is a TYPO! In Part I, Question 4) in the Question 4 Setup there should be a final step:v) close Switch A) this worksheet using http://www.falstad.com/circuit/circuitjs.html (Links to an external site.) and post answers here.You can submit all your answers as a PDF or Word DocDon’t forget to include a link OR upload the required video(5 points) Your Response Posts. due Mar 28.After Mar 21, do replies to 3 other posts by students.Give them 25-50 words feedback on (a) their Magnetic Toy or (b)the circuit in Part II of Worksheet. (depends on what they did).Give them suggestions on how to improve it, and/or some positive feedback.You can work with other students but must submit your own work.
Environmental Problems from Human Overpopulation Report
Society has had a detrimental effect upon the Earth through its exploiting or otherwise affecting most of its terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. Whether negligently or intentionally, human activities have caused the deterioration of the natural environment and the extinction of many species. The significant movement of the population to the suburbs, coupled with economic prosperity and the technological improvement that made it possible, began to take its toll. Suburban growth overwhelmed land resources. Thesis Overpopulation has a great impact on environmental degradation causing pollution and resource degradation. In urban areas, overpopulation causes water and air pollution People who resided at the edge of cities observed cherished farmlands and wildlands vanishing before their eyes. Many of the earlier urban émigrés observed that the open spaces they had come to enjoy had disappeared (Hollander 2004). Those who moved to the suburbs later found it even more difficult to find a house within a reasonable commuting distance from the city. Traffic jams became common, and new highways were built to improve traffic flow; but as soon as the new highways were built, that encouraged more suburban (Bengtsson and Saito 2003). Pollutants may harm the senses of sight, taste, and smell and may also cause health hazards. The potential for climate change and resource depletion may eventually alter the fundamental framework of society. These potential effects will most likely become exacerbated by the end of the twenty-first century when the Earth is expected to have human biomass of thirty billion people. Presently, the human population is increasing exponentially at the rate of approximately 1.5 percent annually (Hollander 2004). If this growth rate were to continue, one can imagine that the sheer mass of all living humans, in a few thousand years, would be greater than the mass of the Earth. For the human biomass to mushroom to this level, it would need to devour the Earth itself. Planet Earth is essentially a closed system concerning the matter. There is no transfer of matter between the Earth and its surroundings (Kinder, 2007). Because the number of atoms on Earth is finite, a species grows in biomass at the expense of its surrounding environment by obtaining atoms from the Earth. Consequently, the human biomass can never weigh more than the Earth; unless atoms are obtained from other planets, exponential growth cannot occur on Earth forever (Bengtsson and Saito 2003). The new highways soon filled with traffic, along with all the noise and fumes. As these substances became widely used, it became apparent that they would generate other concerns. One problem with synthetic organic compounds is their proper disposal. Plastic wrappers and bottles entering natural environments remain for years. A number of these items are nonbiodegradable and resist decomposition by microorganisms (Kinder, 2007). There is also concern about the hazardous chemicals that some materials release into the environment (Hollander 2004). The unexpected side effects these substances pose for life are dangerous and sometimes unpredictable. There were reports of farmworkers suffering from overexposure to pesticides and wildlife dying wherever pesticides were used (Kinder, 2007). The growth of industries and cities placed a tremendous burden on the environment by introducing pollutants such as pesticides, radioactive isotopes, and heavy metals into the air, land, and water. There are now approximately seventy thousand different chemicals in the marketplace, and new ones are being produced at an accelerating rate. In addition, the use of precious supplies of energy and materials for luxuries such as motorboats, air conditioners, and hair dryers has added more stress to the environment. These items deplete limited resources of raw materials necessary to make such products, as well as the depletion of “clean air” in the environment. Pollutants such as waste heat, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), radiation, pesticides, carbon dioxide, and other gases are found in air, land, or water. They are capable of moving from one sphere to another. Usually, chemicals on the land are carried by rainwater to nearby waterways where they may cause pollution. The activities of one individual can create pollution that is detrimental to other individuals or the society at large (Hollander 2004). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The transboundary movements of pollutants lead to unusual and complex economic and political difficulties. Individuals in one nation may suffer economic loss and health hazards as a result of the pollution that originated in another nation, yet they may not benefit from the economic activity that caused the pollution. On the other hand, a nation or jurisdiction that acts to minimize pollution that is being transported over hundreds of miles may gain little local environmental benefit (Hollander 2004). The inter-jurisdictional problems related to the regulation of long-range air pollution are especially apparent in the acid rain issue, which has led to several international disagreements. For example, a large amount of acid precipitation that is damaging the environment of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada is caused by industrial activity in the American Midwest (Bengtsson and Saito 2003). Biodegradable pollutants are temporary nuisances that organisms break down into harmless compounds. If the pollutant is organic (including carbohydrates, proteins, fats, and nucleic acids), the organism obtains energy and/or material for its use in the process of breaking it down. However, biodegradable pollutants could have serious environmental consequences if large quantities are released in a small area. For example, the dumping of organic or food waste into a small pond will deplete the pond’s oxygen supply. Left with no oxygen, the fish will die. Thus, biodegradable substances become pollutants when they overload the environment because they cannot be broken down by organisms at a rate fast enough to maintain the integrity of the environment (Kinder, 2007). Ecologists use the term “assimilative capacity” to express the ability of an aquatic ecosystem to assimilate a substance without degrading or damaging its integrity. Integrity is generally defined as the maintenance of the structure and the functional characteristics of a system. Nonbiodegradable pollutants, on the other hand, are dangerous simply because organisms have neither evolved enzymes capable of digesting them, nor have they developed a defense mechanism against them (Hollander 2004). Fat-soluble nonbiodegradable pollutants, such as methylated mercury, chlorinated hydrocarbons, benzene, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons, have an additional and more significant property. Because they are fat-soluble, but not water-soluble, these pollutants are not excreted in the urine. Instead, they accumulate in the fat of organisms. Because organisms cannot metabolize these toxins, they retain almost 100 percent of them (Hollander 2004). Current sustainable strategies aimed to reduce pollution and contamination in urban areas. In the USA, environmental activists emphasized images of unbridled polluters, technology out of control, and a laissez-faire attitude of a government that tolerated, even encouraged, the wholesale pollution of air, water, and land. On that day, America witnessed an unprecedented demonstration by millions of people from different socioeconomic backgrounds (Lomborg 2001). The concern about the state of environmental quality was expressed by people–from kindergartners to university people. Teach-ins, litter collections, and environmental rallies were held in communities throughout the nation. Indeed, these acts of growing public dissatisfaction would propel environmentalism as a potent political force (Kinder, 2007). Over the next few decades, Earth Day’s significance as the focal point for a new political coalition became apparent. Today, however, though the American public remains generally supportive of environmental measures, it often disagrees on specific policies of conservation, antipollution control, and limiting development (Bengtsson and Saito 2003). We will write a custom Report on Environmental Problems from Human Overpopulation specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In the 1990s, in response to the political activism from citizens and environmental groups, the U.S. Congress enacted and/or amended numerous laws that touched virtually every aspect of public responsibility for the protection and management of the environment–from clean air to the disposal of solid wastes, to saving endangered species. The responsibility for continuous and systematic administration of these laws was largely delegated to public agencies created for just that purpose, such as the Environmental Protection Agency. The new environmental laws were unlike previous ones in many respects (Lomborg 2001). First, they came in succession; second, most of them had effective means of enforcement; and third, the federal government became more involved in environmental protection. Pressure to involve the federal government in environmental quality came from the awareness that some forms of pollution were complex and required the type of research base that only the federal government could provide (Lomborg 2001). Moreover, it became apparent to lawmakers that a coordinated system of pollution control was necessary. For most of American history, local and state governments had assumed responsibility for environmental protection. Except in the management of the vast federal lands of the trans-Mississippi West and the protection of American fishing and coastal interests, the federal government’s role in direct environmental control was limited (Lomborg 2001). A plan to search suitability should consist of two main sections: air pollution, waste control, and water control, birth control. Municipalities are often able to pass costs onto neighboring communities by dumping sewage into waterways or by building landfills or wastewater treatment plants at municipal borderlines. Local politicians strive to keep taxes down and win re-election by externalizing the costs of their municipality. National governments also have done their share of externalizing. Many nations have lowered pollution standards to encourage industrial development. As already noted, the transboundary issue has been politically divisive due to socioeconomic costs and benefits that have been accrued to different nations (Lomborg 2001). Birth control methods can involve voluntary sterilization, birth control pills, diaphragms, contraceptive sponges, condoms, intrauterine devices. In a voluntary population education program, the decision to procreate is left to individual couples (McKee, 2003). The government may play a role by discouraging couples from reproducing when the nation is overpopulated and encouraging reproduction when it is underpopulated. In such a case, the population control program would be informative and advisory, but not mandatory. Such programs respect cultural and religious values and are in full agreement with the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (McKee, 2003). The benefits of the plan are government involvement in the problem of pollution and public attention to the problem. The main challenge is a lack of financial resources and great difficulty to establish birth control for low-class citizens. Many of them are deprived of financial resources to spend on contraception pills and medical examinations (McKee, 2003). Social, government, and global support is important because only joint action will help to reduce pollution and control population growth. The preceding notwithstanding, several positive developments have resulted from these international conferences. The first is that they brought attention to the endangered global commons. Secondly, the conferences brought together international decision-makers. Finally, the conferences galvanized the world’s emerging environmental movement. Not sure if you can write a paper on Environmental Problems from Human Overpopulation by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The importance of the world’s environmental movement should not be overlooked. Most environmental agreements are not yet subject to international adjudication, and other mechanisms may be used to enforce them. Some of these agreements have been enforced using trade measures, pressures from non-governmental organizations, and debt-for-nature swaps. International commitment to protecting the global commons, an effort that has attracted the attention of both public and private decision-makers, has demonstrated the value of widespread cooperation in the affairs of government (McKee, 2003). In sum, the population explosion, in many respects, is one of the rudimentary causes of environmental problems. Holding all other variables constant, humans will eventually affect the environment; larger populations will consume enormous quantities of resources and will subsequently generate more pollution. With zero population growth, society could concentrate on improving environmentally benign technology while raising the quality of goods and services. On the other hand, with an expanding population, society must make use of its resources by providing new goods and services for the growing population. For instance, instead of building factories, resources could be diverted to make the present ones more efficient. Because the population crisis may increase demand for environmental laws, which can sometimes infringe on reproductive rights, population policies are generally topics that politicians are not willing to discuss in public. This is not to say that the population issue has not come up indirectly in other ways–for instance, in funding for famine relief and aid for family counseling. References Bengtsson, T. Saito, O. (2003). Population and Economy: From Hunger to Modern Economic Growth. Oxford University Press. Hollander, J., M. (2004). The Real Environmental Crisis: Why Poverty, Not Affluence, Is the Environment’s Number One Enemy. University of California Press. Lomborg, B. (2001). The Skeptical Environmentalist, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Kinder, C. (2007). The Population Explosion: Causes and Consequences. Web. McKee, J. K. (2003). Sparing Nature: The Conflict Between Human Population Growth and Earth’s Biodiverstiy. Rutgers University Press.
Studying The Sacrifices Of Peoples Happiness English Literature Essay
Very few people in this world can selflessly sacrifice their happiness and dream for the sake of people they love. In “Eveline”, James Joyce portrays a character of a young nineteen year old girl. Eveline falls in love with Frank who was sailor. But when she was asked to leave with Frank to live her own life, she selflessly gave up her dream and loves to fulfill her duty towards her family. She is a good selfless girl who puts her family first. In order to show Eveline is such a good girl, Joyce presents her decision in context of setting, social expectation and family obligation. Joyce sets “Eveline” during 1914 which was a harsh time for woman. The women were expected by the society to take responsibility of the home. Back then women were not given much power or position in the society. Due to this reason her father was never proud of Eveline and had always given more likes to his son’s (533). Ingersol in his article assert that “even if she leaves her room at the end of the story-indeed especially if she does not-she has passed a life sentence on herself as a “house keeper”, a servant of details” (506). Ingersol’s point here is that if she does not leave with frank that evening then she would be in that house forever where she cannot imagine her life with someone else and live with her family forever. Even though this was a very hard decision to take she chooses to be a servant for her family because she did not want let her family down. The religious symbolism that Joyce uses in the story were the photograph of the priest, the broken harmonium (532) proves that she was a catholic. Even her brother Harry worked in the church decorating business which automatically proves that Eveline’s family was very religious. Similarly, even at the end when she was ready to leave at the station with Frank she was still confused if she was making the right decision and prayed to god to direct her and show what was her duty(534).So she bid her love good bye. Thus the religious symbolism that Joyce used became a powerful and positive guide for Eveline to make her decisions to be with her family. Eveline, after her mother death, was forced to take up the sole responsibility of the household, brothers and drunken father abuses which make her live an unhappy life. According to Ingersol all the dust she cleaned in the house every day, the broken harmonium and her Saturday nights quarrel with her father has made her housewife before marriage (504). But when she got chance to live a life with the love named Frank, she was torn between her conflicting desires-her desire to pursue her happiness or stay loyal to her family. During this conflicting situation she recalls all the memories of her childhood where she played with neighborhood children and one moment where her father was “very nice” (533).Ingersol asserts “whether she stands on the quay being “shouted at” to come abroad or stands instead her room fantasying her inability to move forward in answer to his cry of desire is not important finally” (505). Ingersol point, here, that Eveline desire to go abroad was not important to her at all. This shows how she is devoted to her family and fulfills her duty that is expected by the society. Joyce presents Eveline as a good girl who has completely devoted herself to taking care of her family .when she was thinking about leaving home, she is taken into her past and remember that she had made promise to keep home together as long as she could (534). She also thought about her father and he was also becoming old and she would miss him if she just left (533).Murphy asserts that Eveline is having conflicting situation between different times. He talks about lost time, now time and future time. He further notes that “Eveline’s recollection of past events of lost time and her decisive reinterpretation of these same event in now time” (116). Murphy’s point here is that Eveline’s life has been continuing effect on her past life. Due to this effect she gives her priority to her family and keeps her mother’s promise which proves that she was a good girl. Duty and happiness are part of our life. Both go hand in hand to have a normal life .but when we are made to choose between one. The one who choose duty over happiness are proved to be the selfless being, just like Eveline who sacrificed her happiness and fulfilled all family obligations. Work cited Ingersoll, Earl G. “The stigma of femininity in James Joyce’s `Eveline’ and `The Boarding House’.” Studies in Short Fiction 30.4(1993): 501-510. Academic Search Complete .EBSCOhost. Prescott Memorial Library, Lousiana Tech University 18 Apr.2009 . Joyce,James. “Eveline”. The Bedford Introduction to Literature . 8th ed.Ed.Michael Meyer. Boston : Bedford ,St. Martin’s, 2008. 532-534. Murphy,Terence Patrick. “Interpreting marked order narration: The case of James Joyce’s “Eveline”.” Journal of Literary Semantics 34. 2 (2005): 107-124. Academic Search Complete .EBSCOhost. Prescott Memorial Library, Lousiana Tech University 18 Apr.2009 .
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