Indians for labor and to look for precious metals. The religious order of Portuguese Jesuits was an aggressive mission network that used Indian labor on ranches and vineyards to subjugate the Indians. They also assimilated the Indian people by establishing Christianity.
(Kidders, 1999) Intrusions by the French and Spanish made Portugal resort to trying to establish a greater hold on Brazil by using a semi feudal system giving hereditary land grants to nobles in hopes that they would use the natural resources for their own profit while serving the crown.This is when elimination of Brazil began. The nobles would not risk their personal assets, so in 1 550 a governor-generalship was created and Governor Tome ‘ De Souza was appointed. (Kidders, 1999) Portugal imperialism in Brazil began as an expansion of trading eventually leading to a governed new land. 1. The Indians of Brazil reacted by trying to resist the Portuguese but they were not as civilized as the city building Indians of Mexico and the Andes Mountains. (Kidders, 1999) They did not have the armies or fighting forces so they were forced into labor.
Some did retreat to the inland, here it was difficult for the Portuguese to follow and capture them due to the heavy vegetation of the rain forest. (Kidders, 1999) This gave them the advantage in protecting themselves. This led to a decline in the population of native people from maltreatment and European disease they did not have immunity to resist. B. The American Revolution beginnings started around 1763 at the conclusion of the French and Indian War. The British had spent a great deal of resources during the war and with the Indian threat felt they had to keep an Army in the American colonies.Great Britain decided that the American colonists should help pay for the cost of the war and keeping an army in the colonies.
(“Enabler Learner,” 2013) The taxes that the crown would try to implement on the colonists would be the root cause for the revolution. The first tax on molasses was met with little opposition but the Stamp Act of 1763 brought a backlash that Great Britain did not foresee. Taxes in Great Britain were considered a gift from the people and were given with their consent. The colonist had no representation in parliament and believed that the taxation without representation was unfair.The stamp tax included American legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets, dice, and playing cards. (“Enabler Learner,” 2013) With the push back against the taxes, two regiments of troops were sent in to protect the British royal officials. On March 5, 1770 British troops fired their muskets into a crowd of colonists protesting their presence and five people were killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre.
(“Enabler Learner,” 2013) This also made the colonists distrust the government because they believed that free people were not governed at the point of a gun.The original goal of the colonist was to live as free men under the British flag. The goal changed over time when reconciliation with the British government became apparent and the colonists became to distrust the government. The colonists wanted independence from Great Britain and made this known with the Declaration of Independence in 1776. They achieved their goal after Ben Franklin and John Adams help negotiate their independence in Paris. (“Enabler Learner,” 2013) The strategies employed by the colonists to gain their independence took the form of documents and actions.The colonist boycotted British goods after the government imposed taxes on them.
After the announcement of the Stamp Act, colonist hung an effigy of the Massachusetts stamp distributor Andrew Oliver in a tree and later burned it in a bonfire. (“Enabler Learner,” 2013) First Oliver and then all the stamp distributors resigned and the stamp tax could not be forced. Petitions were sent to the king to ask him to act in behalf of the colonists. A farmer, John Dickinson, wrote a series in the newspapers called “Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania” urging colonists to resist buying goods with duties on them. Enabler Learner,” 2013) When tea was the only thing left with a duty on it Bostonians border a ship with a large tea shipment and dumped it all into the Boston harbor, this was the famous “Boston Tea Party’. In the beginning of 1776 Thomas Paine wrote “Common Sense” telling the colonists it was time to depart ways with Great Britain and that the problem was the British government of monarchy and hereditary rule. Paine believed that they needed to govern themselves to have the freedom they desired.
(“Enabler Learner,” 2013) Then on July 4, 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed.War was the final outcome. The colonists used many tactics from bands of home/land owners to eventually a paid army. After winning the battle of Saratoga in 1777, the Americans were able to create an alliance with France that gave them an advantage. The colonist also used guerilla warfare which led to the defeat of British Commander Cornwallis at Yorktown, Va. Sees, 1996) This broke the will of the Crown which eventually led to Ben Franklin and John Adams negotiating the independence of America and granted them the land from the Canadian border to the northern border of Florida. Enabler Learner,” 2013) The Orange Revolution in Ukraine began due to years of a corrupt government following its independence from the Soviet Union.
The Ukrainian people were also very dissatisfied with the direction of post-Soviet Ukraine. The people wanted a more western style democracy and President Kumar ruled with a style closer to the old Soviet Union. (“Some,” 2013) In 2000 President Kumar was also suspected of having, George Gonads, a Journalist who worked to expose corruption executed. A small protest began at this time called “Ukraine without Kumar”. Then Deputy PrimeMinister Yalta Tombstones was removed from her post by Kumar who did not agree with her proposed energy sector reforms. This sparked further opposition in forming the “National Salvation Forum” with Tombstones becoming an opposition leader. (Frizz, 2007) Protest now gathered up to 10,000 in opposition.
Prime Minister Victor Huskiness was pushed out of office for in his words not paying for political votes. (Frizz, 2007) More corruption took place heading up to the 2004 presidential elections. The elections pitted Victor Huskiness, leader of the opposition, against Victor Hancock who was backed by Kumar.
Can you write this activity on environmental science?
PurposeStudents will analyze a map showing a fictitious undeveloped area within a city and develop a growth plan that utilizes smart growth concepts. Map is attached below.
Introduction: “’Smart growth’ covers a range of development and conservation strategies that help protect our health and natural environment and make our communities more attractive, economically stronger, and more socially diverse.
Development decisions affect many of the things that touch people’s everyday lives — their homes, their health, the schools their children attend, the taxes they pay, their daily commute, the natural environment around them, economic growth in their community, and opportunities to achieve their dreams and goals. What, where, and how communities build will affect their residents’ lives for generations to come.
Communities of all sizes across the country are using creative strategies to develop in ways that preserve natural lands and critical environmental areas, protect water and air quality, and reuse already-developed land”
TaskUsing the map provided, and what you know about urban sprawl and smart growth, develop a plan for the undeveloped (Area A) using smart growth concepts to plan the development. Decide which smart growth features will be included in each area and describe the type of development as well as the volume/number of items you will include.
Examples of development features include but are not limited to: business retail stores, offices, roads, sidewalks, bike trains, pedestrian walking trails, high rise or low rise apartment buildings, other types of living complexes (such as assisted living), outdoor spaces such as parks, recreation areas, etc.
Use the prompts provided to report on and describe the features that you would plan and also explain your rationale for the planning characteristics.
**This map is also linked as an attachment below, if you want to print it out for yourself.
List the features (minimum of 4) that you will include in the development of Area A
For each feature include the following information:Type
Size or number and relative placement within Area A
Justification of how that feature encourages smart growth or is a part of the smart growth plan to work against urban sprawl
The following website (and others that you may find) can be used as a resource to generate ideas about the proposed development of your land: https://www.epa.gov/smartgrowth/about-smart-growth (DO NOT copy/paste ideas directly from this website or any other!)
Please write in complete sentences and submit your written report to the assignment box here.
Please remember you should submit documents as JPG, PDF, RTF, PNG, DOC and DOCX only. Other formats will not be accepted. Incorrect submission formats could impact your grade.
This activity may use a different grading rubric than what was used in past activities. Be sure to check the grading rubric before starting.