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GEN 499 TUAGC Wk 3 The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in The Modern World Essay

GEN 499 TUAGC Wk 3 The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in The Modern World Essay.

Part 1 Think about what you have learned in the development of your research findings on the global societal issue you chose in the Week 1 discussion forum, your proposed solution and its ethical outcomes, and share with your classmates why this specific issues requires further research. Write: For this discussion, you will address the following prompts: Identify the global societal issue you have chosen to research for your Final Paper, an argumentative essay, and explain why further research on this topic is important.Provide a clear and concise thesis statement that includes a solution to the global societal issue (see Writing a Thesis Statement (Links to an external site.) for assistance).Explain how this global societal issue impacts a specific population.Locate a peer-reviewed scholarly source and provide statistical data that you found surprising on the topic. Your initial post should be at least 350 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).Part 2 Prior to beginning work on this assignment, view the videos Scholarly and Popular Sources(1) (Links to an external site.), Why Can’t I Just Google? (Links to an external site.), and Effective Internet Search: Basic Tools and Advanced Strategies (Links to an external site.). Reflect: Good research is a combination of many types of sources. Prior to taking this course, did you understand the differences between these sources and the importance of finding one type of resource over another? Write: For this discussion, you will address the following prompts:Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the Ashford University Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source.Your initial post should be at least 350 words in length, which should include a thorough response to each prompt. You are required to provide in-text citations of applicable required reading materials and/or any other outside sources you use to support your claims. Provide full reference entries of all sources cited at the end of your response. Please use correct APA format when writing in-text citations (see In-Text Citation Helper (Links to an external site.)) and references (see Formatting Your References List (Links to an external site.)).
GEN 499 TUAGC Wk 3 The Impact of Artificial Intelligence in The Modern World Essay

COM203 Rider University Blog Entry About Rider University Sports.

The purpose of the assignment is to create some original content for an organization for the purpose of “sharing expertise.” In addition, the purpose is to practice some hands-on skills using either a blog or podcast as your social media platform.Readings & Notes: Chapter 5 COM 203_Ch_5.pptxChapter 5 explored a lot of great information about how an organization, through its social media strategy, can share “expertise.” Let’s take this a step further with a hands-on assignment.AssignmentYou are the new social media manager for Rider University. Again, consider that you work for Rider University. As part of your new social media strategy, you decide to launch a new series, “A Day in the Life of Rider.” Since current students are the “experts” on all things Rider, you decide that the focus of your new series will be built around the voices of students. Think about your strategy and your audiences. Begin by considering the four quadrants of public relations and the types of relationships that you seeking to build:The media. I want to create original stories that capture the imagination of the local media so that they spread Rider’s visibility to audiences that I might not otherwise reach.Community. I want to use my social media to raise the visibility about Rider among prospective students and their parents; build pride among current students, faculty, staff alumni; and/or connect Rider alumni to current events and news on campus. Business. I want to expand Rider’s partnerships with businesses for the benefit of our students. By showcasing our students in a positive light, I hope to attract more internships; increase employers participation in recruitment and/or career fairs; and attract more partnerships with businesses (through expert speakers, funding, etc.) that will enhance our academic programs.Government. I want to showcase the vitality of Rider University and our campus, particularly the NJ Commission on Higher Education, thus paving the way for new programs and university-wide initiatives.Focus on the objective. Your objective is to positively promote Rider University. While your piece might connect with any of your audiences, you will be creating a message that addresses the question “Why Rider?” You are the expert, so you can decide on the focus for your “day in the life” piece from a student perspective but remember the objective. Decide on the platform. Write a blog entry. BLOG:Research your topic and plan your strategy. Since you work for the university, you will want do a little research (search Rider’s webpage) to learn about the university’s current message(s) about the topic. In other words, the university needs consistent messages—what has been said in the past?Write and include a headline for your blog. The headline should reflect the topic of your blog and pull the reader into the topic.Your blog entry must be between 300-500 words. Carefully proofread and edit for grammar, etc., so that you showcase your expertise as a student.Your blog must be written in first person. Consider a short introduction of yourself so that your reader knows a little about you. Make the blog personal, write in first person, and use an active voice.Keep paragraphs short. No one wants to read an academic paper with long paragraphs. A good blog should have short, breezy paragraphs. It should look inviting. Your blog must have at least one picture or video embedded in the entry. If applicable, also include a link (hyperlink, not the web address) to more information about the topic at Rider for readers to learn more (e.g., a link to housing, a link to the soccer team homepage, etc.) Invite readers to leave a comment. This can be your last sentence.Your blog does NOT have to be posted to a blogging site. Simply post your completed blog to the Canvas discussion page. Make sure that the final product on Canvas is easy to see and read, that your pictures show up and your links work.Topic of Blog: Sports: Focus on the benefit of a recent practice in light of sportsmanship, teambuilding, skill building, or self-confidence, or the excitement of winning a game. How do students benefit from sports on campus (whether it be a D1 sport or a rec sport)? How do sports make you a more confident individual? Why would alumni want to come back to campus to watch our teams? Why sports at Rider?Websites you can find information about Rider:
COM203 Rider University Blog Entry About Rider University Sports

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Pediatric Case Report: Febrile Neutropenia in the background of B-ALL Patient Details: Age of patient: 4.5 years Gender: Male Date of Birth: 10/06/14 Date of presentation: 29/11/2018 Presenting Complaint: The patient presented to the hospital on 29/11/2018 with a history of a temperature of 38.7 degrees Celsius, a head cold, runny nose and cough for one day on a background of B-ALL. History of Presenting Complaint: Prior to this admission, the patient presented to A
MGT 230 University of Phoenix Week 1 Amazon Case Study Analysis Questions.—Keeping the Fire has gained the No. 1 spot as the world’s largest Internet retailer. But, never content to rest on past laurels, CEO Jeff Bezos keeps introducing and upgrading Amazon products and services.It’s hard to keep pace with new versions of the Amazon Kindle Fire, Prime Instant Video TV, and movie content streamed on demand. There’s a variety of cloud computer services. And, Bezos keeps increasing investments in new distribution centers staffed increasingly by robots. It’s all part of a push to make Amazon the go-to choice for fast—even same-day—deliveries of as many of the products we consume as possible.Decision Making and InnovationFrom its modest beginning in Jeff Bezos’s garage in 1995, has grown into the megalithic online retailer. Bezos continues to diversify Amazon’s product offerings and broaden its brand. Beyond simply finding more and more products and services to offer, he knows that he has to innovate in order to prevent his brand from becoming stagnant. No one is ever sure what will come next under Bezos’s guidance. His guiding question is: “What kind of innovation can we layer on top of this that will be meaningful for our customers?”Amazon’s Kindle almost single handedly launched the ebook revolution. Also, Amazon Prime could be seen as a revolution. Prime members get free two-day shipping and discounted one-day shipping as well as access to Amazon Instant Video, movie, TV and music streaming, and free content. It’s all designed to keep customers plugged into Amazon. Bezos calls Amazon Prime “the best bargain in the history of shopping, and it’s going to keep getting better.”There’s no shortage of competition. Amazon has squared off against Netflix, Apple, and Google in realms of both hardware and digital entertainment. It bought top-shelf audio book vendor and later added shoe and clothing merchant Then came acquisition of Boston-based Kiva Systems. Kiva’s automated guided robots deliver product to workers at pick stations, allowing Amazon increased efficiency (and reduced labor costs) in its worldwide distribution centers.Bezos as a Decision MakerRather than sticking to just the analytical step-by-step process, Bezos isn’t afraid of informed intuition. He uses creativity, flexibility, and spontaneity when making key decisions. He seems comfortable with abstraction and lack of structure when making decisions and isn’t afraid to fail.Seeming not to worry about current earnings per share, Bezos keeps investing to make his company stronger and harder to catch. Its millions of square feet of distribution fulfillment space keep growing domestically and around the globe. The firm’s products and services are continuously upgraded and expanded. Drones are ready to fly Amazon deliveries to customers. But will these investments pay off? Is Bezos making the right long-term choices?Even as Amazon’s stock values fluctuate, Bezos still believes that customer service, not the stock ticker,defines the Amazon experience. “I think one of the things people don’t understand is we can build more shareholder value by lowering product prices than we can by trying to raise margins,” he says. “It’s a more patient approach, but we think it leads to a stronger, healthier company. It also serves customers much, much better.”What’s Next? has quickly—not quietly—grown from a home operation into a global ecommerce giant. By forging alliances to ensure that he has what customers want and making astute purchases, Bezos has made Amazon the go-to brand for online shopping. After its significant investments in new media, services, and distribution, does the company risk losing its original appeal? Will customers continue to flock to Amazon, making it the go-to company for their each and every need?Source: Schermerhorn Jr., J.R., Bachrach, D.G. (2016)—Keeping the Fire Hot”. In Exploring Management (Cases for Critical Thinking).Case Analysis QuestionsAnswer the following in up to 350 words each.1. Bezos once said, “Amazon may break even or even lose money on the sale of its devices.” The company expects to recoup the money later through the sale of products, with a further boost from its annual Prime membership fee. Explain how this strategy shows Bezos as a systematic and intuitive thinker.2. It seems like everyone is streaming these days and there are a growing number of providers. Amazon is a player in the digital entertainment market, but hasn’t taken a clear lead. Determine, based on the strengths of the company, what decisions should be made to ensure that Amazon jumps ahead and becomes the “No. 1” source for digital content streams.3. Compare the latest initiatives coming out of Amazon with those of the actual or potential competition. 4. Conclude whether or not Bezos is making the right decisions as he guides the firm through today’s many business and management challenges.
MGT 230 University of Phoenix Week 1 Amazon Case Study Analysis Questions

Literature Review on Technology on Air Quality Management due to Waste Water Term Paper

Air Quality Management Wastewater emits harmful toxins that affect air quality. Some researchers say the accumulation and intensity of microbiological emissions account for the highest concentrations of air quality pollutants from wastewater (Filipkowska 275). Several researchers have made many attempts to improve air quality, mainly through the adoption of new technology. Nanotechnology is one such technology. Many studies have explored the potential of nanotechnology to provide new solutions for improving not only the quality of the air we breathe, but also the quality of the water we drink (US Environmental Protection Agency 1). Moreover, some studies propose nanotechnology as a reliable method for the improvement of traditional technologies for air quality management. The potential of nanotechnology to improve the quality of air and water stems from its unique characteristics that help to reduce air pollution. Certainly, some studies propose the viability of nanotechnology to reduce harmful emissions from wastewater (US Environmental Protection Agency 1). Theodore (110) says that nanotechnology improves air quality in two ways. The first way involves the use of catalysts, while the second way involves the use of nano-structured membranes that alter the chemical composition of harmful wastewater pollutants (into less harmful components). The catalytic approach may also produce a chemical reaction that changes harmful molecules into harmless compositions that do not have any serious effect on air quality. Therefore, harmful vapour/gases that come from wastewater do not compromise air quality. These mechanisms show the potential of nanotechnology to improve air quality management. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Source and Typical Concentrations of Pollutants Microbiological pollution is the main type of air pollution that occurs in wastewater treatment processes. Therefore, the intensity and range of microbiological emissions detail the main source of air quality degradation. For example, Eastern Research Group (5) says wastewaters emit aerosols, which contain harmful elements that compromise air quality. Therefore, organic-containing wastewater normally encounters the atmosphere and compromise air quality. Furthermore, Eastern Research Group (5) explains that whenever the organic-containing wastewater meets the atmosphere, the probability for volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions to occur is high. The wastewater emanating from industrial processes (and domestic consumption) collects in on-site wastewater treatment facilities that are exposed to the atmosphere. The exposure to the atmosphere gives way for the volatility of harmful air pollutants to the environment. The volatility of wastewater compounds normally occurs because harmful emissions escape into the atmosphere as a way to strike equilibrium above wastewater (Eastern Research Group 5). In so doing, harmful organic chemicals pollute the air. This pollution normally occurs in wastewater collection and treatment facilities. Nonetheless, the intensity of the pollutants normally varies, depending on many factors such as the physical properties of the pollutants and the concentration of the pollutants. In this regard, the Eastern Research Group (5) says the temperature of the environment and the physical design of the wastewater treatment facilities have a role to play in the intensity of the pollution Current Air Regulation and Enforcement In Canada, the role of overseeing air quality control lies with the provincial governments. However, federal laws also integrate with provincial legislations to provide a comprehensive framework for air quality control laws in the country. We will write a custom Term Paper on Literature Review on Technology on Air Quality Management due to Waste Water specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As will be demonstrated in subsequent sections of this report, the federal government enforces air quality regulation through the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (Health Canada 2). The government signed the Canadian Environmental Protection Act as a Federal environmental law. The law stipulates that the protection of the environment is pivotal to the overall well-being of the country. This law helps to maintain high air quality through the adherence to national quality objectives. Through national ambient air quality objectives, it is easy for the government to enforce air regulation laws by assessing air pollutants. Moreover, through the Canada-wide standards, under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, it is similarly easy for the government to enforce the current air regulation standards (Health Canada 2). Air quality management in Canada is also subject to the Canada-wide Standards that Canadian environmental ministers formulated in 1998 (Health Canada 3). Several jurisdictions within the country signed this act into law, except for Quebec. The provinces also signed a sub-agreement with Canada-wide standards (regarding this law) because the Canada-wide Standards supported the implementation of existing legislations surrounding environmental management. The legal framework aimed to provide a realistic outline for the realisation of health and environmental goals in the country. The Canadian government considers the Canada-wide standards for air quality management as realistic objectives in environmental management (Health Canada 2). Recommendations for Design and Operation The sophistication of landfill design is a sure way of reducing the extent of air pollution caused by leachate and other pollutants. Rong (18) says that a good design for wastewater treatment depends on the adoption of better technology. Eastern Research Group (7) says the development of a good landfill design depends on the success of embracing sound economic principles and societal support. Nonetheless, a good design of operation needs to factor all the important areas of treatment, at the beginning of the project, and not after the project has been completed. Not sure if you can write a paper on Literature Review on Technology on Air Quality Management due to Waste Water by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Industrial and municipal designs for the control of leachate normally differ. Generally, landfill designs involve careful site preparation, the incorporation of a leachate collection system and a good gas collection system as well. In city dwellings, landfills normally divide into two groups – waste landfill and sanitary landfill (Rong 18). The sanitary landfill is normally good for urban dwellings because it beautifies the environment, but it does not have any material difference with waste landfill. Broadly, the right design for leachate and air quality control in wastewater management involves the inclusion of the following sections. Pre-treatment of Solid waste The quality and control of solid waste normally lead to the production of air pollutants from wastewater because the higher the volume of solid waste, the higher the concentration of leachate. Through an analysis of the generation of solid waste, it is crucial to say, “If the masses of solid wastes accumulate in the future, designers should complete planning carefully, so that the background of data is a first factor for the beginning of the landfill design” (Rong 18). Through this design, it is important to affirm that the chemical composition of leachate connects with the pre-treatment of solid waste to provide a good backdrop for the control of leachate. If the pre-treatment of solid waste is carefully factored into the design of a wastewater treatment plant, it is easy to see how the chemical composition of solid waste may be reduced before it flows to the landfill. Cover System The landfill cover system forms a critical part of the design of wastewater treatment facilities. The main purpose of including the cover system is to isolate wastewater from the landfill (for the prevention of leachate generation). Similarly, the cover system aids the growth of plants that may prevent the landfill from environmental destruction in the future. In this regard, “the cover should have lower permeability than the bottom liner to prevent surface water flow into the landfill” (Rong 19). Three types of covers detail the cover system – daily cover, intermediate cover, and final cover (Rong 18). The daily cover involves the setup of a special layer of soil, over the landfill, usually on a daily basis. Designers use sandy soil for this purpose. The use of sandy soil is normal, but other materials may also serve the same purpose (wood, clay, sand, and chemical forms are just a few examples of useful alternative materials) (Rong 18). The cover thickness may be about half of a meter, to make it easier for vehicles to drive over the landfill. Marinating a daily cover system over the landfill is a viable way of ensuring that air pollution does not occur through the dispersion of harmful materials. An intermediate cover is different from the daily cover because landfill designers normally use it when the landfill is unused. An intermediary cover involves the use of more soil to prevent harmful contaminants from the landfill to infiltrate the atmosphere. An intermediary landfill may be about 1.2 meters and may equally involve planting vegetation if the landfill is unused for long (Rong 18). Lastly, the final cover may be about two meters thick and may look like thick vegetation. The vegetation prevents the evaporation of harmful chemicals into the atmosphere (Rong 18). Bottom-liner System Rong (22) says that the bottom-liner system is the most important part of the landfill design because it provides the most important layer for the prevention of harmful toxins from permeating to the atmosphere. The bottom-liner system encompasses several layers including the waste material, protective gravel cover, Geo-composite drainage layer, primary leachate collection system, Geo-composite drainage layer, primary Geo-membrane (1.5 mm), Geo-synthetic clay liner, Geo-composite drainage layer, secondary leachate collection system, secondary Geo-membrane (1.5 mm), re-compacted clay (1 meter) and the natural soil and rock (Rong 22). The success of this landfill design affirms through a laboratory analysis, which occurred in a wastewater treatment facility in Tarastenjärvi, Finland (Rong 22). The main module of conducting the experiment was to understand the quality and characteristics of the leachate after researchers subjected it through the landfill design mentioned above. In the laboratory test, the researchers analysed the volume of the total suspended solids and the pH of the leachate to understand their potential impact on the atmosphere. They realised that there was a significant reduction in air pollution (Rong 22). Introduction to Problem Domain Theodore (110) believes that nanotechnology is a reliable technology for the detection and prevention of air pollution. The application of nanotechnology in air quality management thrives on the premise that nanotechnology degrades wastewater contaminants into less harmful substances that would not compromise the quality of air. However, its application in the improvement of air quality (through wastewater pollution) is indirect, especially without a methodological approach that would suit the intended purpose of the initiative. In other words, the success of nanotechnology in air quality management depends on finding a reliable methodological approach for the adoption of nanotechnology in air quality management. Motivation of Work The main motivation of work for introducing nanotechnology is to improve air quality management. The adoption of nanotechnology therefore strives to reduce the intensity of pollution that permeates the environment through poor wastewater management. Objective of Work As mentioned in earlier sections of this paper, the treatment, prevention, and management of wastewater pollutants depend on the effective adoption of nanotechnology. The main objective of the implementation process includes the determination of how to apply nano-materials in a sustainable way (for the remediation of contaminants) and how nano-materials may minimise waste through the substitution of toxic materials with less toxic emissions. The initial implementation process concerns the reduction of key pollutants that are important to the Canadian environmental law. In addition, the main aim of this process involves the determination of the right type of catalysts that have enhanced catalytic properties that may slow or increase a chemical reaction. Implementation Methodology Bionics is the preferred implementation methodology for nanotechnology (in the context of this paper). This system thrives on the application of biological methods in engineering systems for optimum efficiency in air quality management (Kipper 141). The interconnection between life forms of engineering systems provide a desirable balance for bionic technology because evolutionary pressure forms a critical striking balance of living organisms to provide desirable results in nature balance (as demonstrated by flora and sauna) (Kipper 141). A classic example of this application is the production of non-sticky paint through the affirmation that the lotus flower provides a rough surface. Some researchers have adopted this technology in the production of non-sticky paint (Theodore 111). Steinfeldt (189) says researchers may use the same model in the improvement of air quality management through the modification of living molecules to reduce the harmful effects of wastewater toxins in the atmosphere. Helwegen (23) says the use of nanotechnology in the improvement of air quality management is an ongoing process that needs a localised approach to eliminate the negative toxins found in wastewater. The ongoing research process still premises on the adoption of bionics as the main methodological approach. In detail, Helwegen (23) explains that carrying out a function (found in nature) and modifying its components for reduced environmental harm provides the best approach for the improvement of air quality management. The adoption of bionics in computer science provides an example of a practical application of this methodology because the adoption of cybernetics (in computer science) provides a simulation of the intrigues witnessed in the analysis of human intelligence (Helwegen (23). An artificial understanding of this model remodels the same behaviour without considering how it occurs. As mentioned in this paper, treating nature as a workable solution for air quality management provides a reliable database for the reduction and removal of the failures that exist in air quality management. Through this understanding, it is important to draw a strong link between the use of the bionic approach and the natural improvement of air quality management using natural means. Rong (22) says that the construction of wetlands in wastewater areas is one form of naturally purifying the air, even when wastewater contaminants pollute the atmosphere. Indeed, Rong (22) says that constructed wetlands provide an innovative treatment technology for controlling the spread of leachate because wetlands comprise of water, soil, and plants that may absorb harmful contaminants from the atmosphere. The main advantage of this approach is the low cost of air quality management and the simple use of technology for achieving desirable results in the process. The main purpose of using this example to explain bionics is to show the advantage of using naturally occurring technologies to improve air quality management. In fact, Steinfeldt (189) draws a strong link between engineering and the use of naturally occurring technologies by saying that almost all forms of engineering rely on some form of bio-mimicry. Nanotechnology works through this same approach. Results and Discussion From rapid urbanisation and the growing population pressure, it is critical to appreciate that wastewater and other pollutants compromise environmental quality. The different research studies analysed in this report show that, air quality management mainly relies on the need to prevent and control the leachate problem. Indeed, the control and management of leachate is not only an important issue in the control of air quality, but also the sustenance of the wider environmental management practices. The control of landfill leachate is therefore an important addition to air quality control management because mismanaged leachate leads to compromised air quality control. The studies sampled in this paper show that proper landfill design divides into three important sections – pre-treatment of landfill solids, cover system (daily cover, intermediate cover, and final cover). The bottom-liner system also forms an important addition to this landfill design. However, since this paper proposes the use of nanotechnology as the main technology for air quality management, it is crucial to say that the leachate treatment method should mainly rely on the biological, physical, and chemical processes. Furthermore, to save the entire costs that would be associated with air quality management, it would be wise to integrate landfill design with suggested nanotechnology tools for maximum air quality management. Similarly, this integration may reduce the quality of leachate. This analogy stems from the understanding that the source and typical concentrations of air quality pollutants come from aerosol-emitting wastewater. Often, this form of contamination is microbiological. When the aerosols encounter the atmosphere, contamination occurs. Since the main form of contamination is microbiological, the adoption of nanotechnology is the best approach for mitigating this contamination because nanotechnology incorporates biological and engineered approaches for air quality management. Certainly, through this technological framework, the adoption of bionics also surfaces as the appropriate methodological approach to improve air quality because it conceptualises the biological and engineered approaches described above (Kjolberg 269). This is the justification for the use of the above techniques. Conclusion The main purpose of this analysis was to analyse the best technologies for improving air quality management. The literature survey above suggests the importance of understanding the landfill design, the management of leachate and the improvement of air quality, through bionics. Bionics is therefore the main methodological approach for the incorporation of nanotechnology in air quality management. Through the adoption of this methodological approach, it would be easier to meet the threshold for environmental quality management, as outlined in the existing environmental laws. Notably, the Canadian environmental protection act and the Canada-wide standards may be satisfied through the adoption of the above methodologies because both legislative provisions require the reduction of harmful air pollutants. Nanotechnology (through the bionics approach) helps to achieve this objective. Works Cited Eastern Research Group. Preferred and Alternative Methods for Estimating Air Emissions from Wastewater Collection and Treatment, Morrisville, North Carolina: Eastern Research Group. 1997. Print. Filipkowska, Zofia. “Microbiological Air Pollution in the Surroundings of the Wastewater Treatment Plant with Activated-Sludge Tanks Aerated by Horizontal Rotors.” Polish Journal of Environmental Studies 9.4 (2000): 273-280. Print. Health Canada 2012. Regulations Related To Health And Air Quality. Web. Helwegen, Wim. Nanotechnology Commercialization for Managers and Scientists, New York: CRC Press, 2012. Print. Kipper, Greg. Augmented Reality: An Emerging Technologies Guide to AR, Sydney: Elsevier, 2012. Print. Kjolberg, Kamilla. Nano Meets Macro: Social Perspectives on Nanoscale Sciences and Technologies, New York: Pan Stanford Publishing, 2010. Print. Rong, Li. Management of Landfill Leachate, Tampere, Finland: TAMK University, 2009. Print. Steinfeldt, Michael. Nanotechnologies, Hazards, and Resource Efficiency: A Three- tiered Approach to Assessing the Implications of Nanotechnology and Influencing Its Development, New York: Springer, 2007. Print. Theodore, Louis. Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions, London: John Wiley

“Glass Ceiling” Concept Report

custom writing service “Glass Ceiling” Concept Report. Abstract Recognizing the implication of failure to manage organizational diversity, many organizations endeavor to provide equal job opportunities and career development through upward mobility practices that do not segregate employees based on their demographic and psychographic differences. However, cases of glass ceiling are still common in corporations across the globe. The current research discusses the concept of glass ceiling. It identifies its potential relationship with the overall quality and productivity in the workplace. Although the research findings are backed by qualitative data, they indicate that low overall quality and productivity in organizations that employ high number of minorities and women may be attributed to the glass ceiling effect. Introduction Despite their well-designed policies for managing diversity, organizations continue to experience the glass ceiling effect. Buckalew, Konstantinopoulos, Russell, and El-Sherbini (2012) define glass ceiling as “the unseen, yet unbreachable barrier that keeps minorities and women from rising to the upper ranks of the corporate ladder, regardless of their qualifications or achievements” (p.145). Management literature contends that embracing the concept of effective management of organizational diversity, including ensuring equality and equity, may help to curtail the glass ceiling effect. However, it is not yet known why women and some minorities continue to have a low upward mobility in corporate ladder across the globe, despite the effective deployment of principles of equity and equality in organizations that employ people from diverse backgrounds (Wilson, 2014). This paper focuses on this gap in literature on the glass ceiling effect. The rest of the paper is divided into three main sections. The first section presents the foundational framework, including a statement of research objectives and research framework or methodology. The second section presents a literature review on glass ceiling effect in organizations by referring to the latest peer reviewed journal articles. Section three offers the implication of the research for managers. It also incorporates recommendations for organizations that are experiencing the glass ceiling effect. Research objectives Research objectives specify the purpose of conducting a research. The objective of the current research is to discuss how the glass ceiling may exist in a workplace. It also objects to discuss the significance of glass ceiling on the overall quality of an organization. Research framework Research can be designed to deploy primary or secondary resources. The current research relies on secondary data to discuss the concept of glass ceiling in modern organizations. The search is conducted through online credible libraries. Various scholars prescribe certain characteristics that a qualitative research must meet for its results and recommendations to arrive at effective resolution of the stated problem. For this reason, the methodology that is deployed in the current research needs to have some specific characteristics, which include credibility, reliability, use of rigorous methods and verification, validity and clarity, and coherence in reporting. The current research needs to portray a high degree of internal and external validity for the recommendations and implications to hold substance in organizations. Internal validity implies the degree of truth of various claims that are raised in the research and the existing variables. On the other hand, external validity implies the degree to which the findings can be generalized. The method that is utilized in a qualitative research needs to aid researchers to attain optimal levels of validity of their study for their work to add a significant knowledge to the body of knowledge they seek to amplify, which in this case is the status of the glass ceiling in organizations. Since this research is designed to be a secondary research, validity encompasses a significant issue given that secondary materials are adopted from researches that were done in the past whose findings may be outdated. However, this challenge is dealt with by careful selection of the secondary materials for analysis. The research only draws from researches that have been done in the past three years. To enhance reliability of the secondary materials in making recommendations and research implications, only peer reviewed articles are used in the research. Literature review Multinational organizations employ people from diverse backgrounds. This observation implies that organizational diversity is a key characteristic of such organizations. One of critical aspects to consider in addressing the challenges of diversity management entails resolution of the issues of glass ceiling (Wilson, 2014). Organizational diversity refers to the myriads of differences that exist among people who work in an organization with regard to parameters such as sexual characteristics, race, societal principles, maturity, income levels, work experience, parental status, spiritual viewpoints, civilization, religion, and physical abilities among others (Wilson, 2014). Given that failure to manage organizational workforce diversity may lead to a negative impairment of its performance in the short and long run, the challenge of workforce diversity management is a critical problem that every organization that seeks to go global needs to address proactively. Cook and Glass (2014) define various elements that fuel the existence of glass ceiling inequality within a corporation. An organization needs to uphold racial and/or gender differences (Cook“Glass Ceiling” Concept Report

Qantas Airways Limited Group Public Company Presentation

Qantas Airways Limited Group Public Company Presentation.

I’m trying to learn for my Powerpoint class and I’m stuck. Can you help?Meet length and slide requirements. PowerPoint presentation is exceptionally well-organized and has logical flow. All slides are visually appealing, uncluttered, and make use of Speaker Notes.20 pointsThoroughly described specific client problem and the challenges associated with teaching older adult clients about it. 20 pointsProvided outstanding strategies, best practices, and techniques for teaching clients about the specific condition. 25 pointsDemonstrates an exemplary application of spelling and grammar. 7 pointsAPA citations are free of style and formatting errors.3 pointsHave a title slide.Contain 15-20 content slides pertaining to the important content areas for your presentation topic “QANTAS and its financial framework”.Be written using proper spelling/grammar.Cite at least 5 credible references and present the sources in APA format on a References slideRequirements: 15-20 content slides
Qantas Airways Limited Group Public Company Presentation

Contemporary relevance of Porter’s Five Forces to corporate strategy

Contemporary relevance of Porter’s Five Forces to corporate strategy. Introduction Porter’s Five Forces introduced back in 1979 by Michael E. Porter from Harvard University in his first book “Competitive Strategy”. It becomes international best seller, and considered by many to be a definitive work on corporate strategy. The book itself had been published in nineteen languages and re-printed almost sixty times, changes the way business leaders thought and remains a guide of choice for strategic managers the world over. It has become an important tool for analyzing an industry structure and strategy process [Morrison M., 2008]. Porter’s work has had a greater influence on business strategy than any other theory in the last half of the twentieth century []. The tool provides a simple perspective for assessing the position and competitiveness of a corporation or business organization within the industry. Porter points out five forces which the upturn and downturn, will affect the profitability and existence for a corporation or business organization. Business leaders and managers might be interested in this paper for the purpose of this paper is to discuss the contemporary relevance of Porter’s Five Forces to corporate strategy. An attempt also being made to find what is missing from this model related to corporate strategy in current business environment. In so doing, a comparison will be made between Porter’s Five Forces and another tool for corporate strategy. Another assessment made concerning the business environment in Porter’s era and current business environment. Porter’s Five Forces The development of this framework is based on the idea of attractiveness of an industry. As for the attractiveness itself, is determined by the profitability within the industry. More profit means the industry is more attractive and low profitability means a low attractive industry. The way of thinking in the model is to achieve a better competitive position against other players. The competitive advantages developed from strengthening the own position within this Five Forces. The Five Forces framework is based on microeconomics. It considers supply and demand, substitutes and complementary product, and the relationship between production volume and cost of production; also the market structures such as monopoly, oligopoly, or perfect competition. Threat of new entry The chances in which new competitors can enter the market and drive the current players’ price down. The threat to entry depends on six major forces of barriers which Porters describes as: economics of scale, product differentiation, capital requirements, cost disadvantages independent of size, access to distribution channel, and government policy. The decision of the new-comer also pretty much influenced by their expectation on the existing player. If the incumbents known for previously fought vigorously to new entrants, or possess such substantial resources to fight back (such as excess cash, unused borrowing power, available productive capacity, or clout with distribution channel and customers), the new entrants will likely to have second thought on entering the market. This also happened if they know that the incumbents seem likely to cut the prices. New entrants fear more also when the industry growth is so slow so that newcomers can gain volume only if they take it from the incumbents. Bargaining power of supplier Another force Porter mention in the model is how powerful the supplier to drive up the prices of is corporate input. The term supplier includes all sources of input that are needed to provide the product. A supplier of group is powerful when it is dominated by few companies and more concentrated than the industry it sells to. The products are also differentiated or unique – means relatively no substitutes for the particular input – so that it built up the switching cost. The power of supplier also increase when there is a possibility for the supplier for integrating forwards in order to obtain high prices or so. Also when the industry is not an important customer of the supplier group or when it is not obliged to contend with other products for sale to the industry. Bargaining power of customer Similarly, bargaining power of customer settle on how powerful is the customer can impose pressure on margins and demands. Buyer are powerful if it is purchase in large volumes and/or the product it purchases is standard or undifferentiated, means they can always find alternative suppliers. Customer will also become more powerful if the products it purchases from the industry form a component of its product and represent an significant fraction of its cost, in other words, the customer become more price sensitive. Furthermore when they know that the company earns low profits, which create great incentives to lower its purchasing cost; and when the industry’s product is unimportant to the quality of the buyers’ product or services, then the bargaining of customer increase. More threat comes from the possibility of the customer to integrating backward and has the ability to produce the product themselves. Another factor mentioned by Porter is that customer will be more prices sensitive when they recognize that the industry’s product does not save the buyer money. He gave an example of logging of oil wells, where an accurate survey can save thousands of dollars in drilling costs, therefore affect the market price. Substitute products The extent of which substitute product can be used in place of one product. Porter highlighted the characteristics of substitute products that deserve the most attention as those products that are subjects to trends improving their price-performance trade-off with the industry product or are produced by industries earning high profit. Porter also said that substitutes come into play when the competition within industry increases which lead to price reduction or performance improvement. Jockeying among competitor for position within industry This factor describes the strength or the intensity of competitiveness among the existing players within the industry. High rivalry limits the profitability of an industry. Factors that shape the intense rivalry in a industry are: (a) payers are roughly equal in size and power (b) the growth of the industry is slow, precipitating fights for market share (c) lacks of differentiation and switching cost of the products (d) strong willingness to cut the price either because the fixed cost are high or the product is perishable (e) high barriers to exit the industry (f) capacity is normally augmented in large increments, and (g) diversity of strategies, origins, and “personalities” of the rivals. Other than the intensity, the dimension basis in which the rivalry takes place also reflects the strength of the rivalry such as price, products features, support service, delivery time, and brand image. Whether the competition takes place in the same dimension, or the rivals converge to compete on same dimensions. Strategy Crafting “What do you want to achieve or avoid? The answers to this question are objectives. How will you go about achieving your desire results? The answer to this you can call strategy.” William E Rothschild, Former General Electric Corporate Strategist, CEO of Rothschild Strategies Unlimited LLC Corporate strategy is about how a firm or business organization should make a decision of series of steps to achieve the desired goal. To create the best decision, the decision maker must be able to analyze the current and expected factors associated with internal as well as external environment. With strategy, one company can be more prepared and comfortable to operate on the market, because good strategy should have examined all the forces involved in business activities. Strategy planning can be developed in three levels, which are: company level, business unit level, and functional or departmental level [Morrison M., 2008]. Corporate strategy ƒ¨ concerned with overall purpose and scope of the business to meet stakeholder expectations. This level of strategy concerned with the selection of business in which the company should compete and with the development and coordination of the portfolio of business. This is a crucial level since it is heavily influenced by the investors in the business and acts to guide strategic decision making throughout the business. Corporate strategy is often stated explicitly in a “mission statement” along with the formulation of visions and goals. It also decide on how business unit to be governed; through direct corporate intervention (centralization) or through autonomous government (decentralization). Corporate strategy also seeks to developed synergies across the business units. Business Unit Strategyƒ¨ is concerned more with how a business competes successfully in a particular market. It concerns strategic decision about choice of products, meeting needs of customer, gaining advantage over competitors, exploiting or creating new opportunities or market, etc. The strategic issues is about developing and sustaining a competitive advantage for the product and service that are produced. Functional or Departmental Strategy ƒ¨ the strategy level of the operating divisions. It is concerned with how each part of the business is organized to deliver the corporate and business unit level strategic directions. The functional units translate them into discrete action plans that each division must accomplished for the strategy to succeed. Operational strategy therefore focuses on issues of resources, processes, people, etc. Functional units involved in higher level strategies by providing input into the business unit level and corporate level strategy, such as providing information on customer feedback. Business environment in current era Current business environment much likely to be characterized by more dynamic market situation. The digitalization and globalization contribute to this dynamic movement. The power of information technology (IT) grows more and more each day. And as it grows, all players in the market can have access to more information. “The world is flat”, globalization made great improvement in distribution of logistics and communication, enable all business to operate globally. Meanwhile, the customers have the chance to shop also on a global level, and compare the prices globally. The trends and demand now changed as the increased commoditization in so many areas. Companies now must be able to differentiate themselves by give more value for their products. One way to do that is by improving customer experience, through the improvement in the service area. Customers now want individual service and attention, and have high expectations for the goods and services they buy. Other tools for corporate strategy David P. Baron nonmarket approach: 4Is Business environment consist of market and nonmarket environment. An effective corporate strategy must be able to facilitate both market and non-market goals of the company. In relation to this, Baron introduced his 4Is, with emphasis on non-market environment. This framework together with Porter’s Five Forces formed the integrated strategies. The nonmarket environments are social, political, and legal setting that affects the interaction of the corporation outside and in conjunction with, the market environment. Barons define the characteristics as four I’s. The first is Issues, of what nonmarket strategies address. Issues in nonmarket environment cover the regulations, proposed laws, court judgments, etc. Second is set of relevant institutions for the particular industry. Regulators or government is usually always become the relevant official body that affect a corporation decision making process. NGOs are also another example of institutions. Interests are individuals and groups with preferences about the industry. Baron includes this factor to address the identity and goals of those with a stake in the issue. Also information concerning with what the interested parties know or believe about the relation between actions and consequences and about the preferences and capabilities of the interested parties. This factor let us to think, what info needed to reach the goal? what is persuasive for the other parties? Prejudices, rumors, state reports, almost all public relations stuff is included in this factor. SWOT model ƒ¨ covering external and internal forces Another tools being used for corporate strategy is SWOT. SWOT models addressing the internal and external forces. The Strength defines what characteristics impose by a company that can be used to keep hold on the market or even expand it. Weakness is really the opposite, this factors is any kind of lack the company has that can affect its existence in a bad way. Both strength and weakness is internal factors. Meanwhile, the external factor is covered by the Opportunity and Threat. Opportunity discuss about all issues or current condition of the environment that can give a better chance for the company to improve the operation. The threat talks about all threatening situation from the environment in which the company operates. More of this are, opportunity and threat, be explored more in Porter’s Five Forces model. Contemporary relevance between Porter’s Five Forces and corporate strategy Any organization, especially ones dealing with corporation or business environment realize that their success depend on both internal and external factors. With his Five Forces, Porter tries to emphasis on the most important or most influencing forces to the business profitability and existence. The competitors, the new entrants, new substitute, also the bargaining power of both supplier and buyer covered most aspects of a business activity. Indeed, Porter’s Five Model focuses heavily in competitive strategy, which is essential. To be specific, the Five Forces, mentioning competition, are related more to analysis of external forces from the market environment of the strategy. Of course, all business organization will always seek the best way to maximize corporate profit and determining the attractiveness of an industry. This is a need that will always be in manager’s mind in every industry, from every era. Therefore, through his model, Porters tries to give a framework that can help the decision maker to create a strategy where enable the company to stay in the market, defend their current position, and even grow the market size. It supports the decisions about to enter or to exit from an industry or market. As a business leader, it is important to understand the competition in the industry. The model can be used to compare the impact of one competitive force on our own company and to the impact on the competitors. With the knowledge of power and intensity of competitive forces, the strategy can be developed in way that gives the company options to influence the forces to improve their own position, such as new positioning or differentiation of product. It also gives the details on how to prevent the new entrants. Not only new entrants, the strategy should be able to cope with the substitute product that is getting more and more accessible now for the customer. Bargaining power of supplier and buyer is more relevant to supply and demand. It is essential to know which side of supply and demand equation our business is referring to. The framework tells us how profitability can be affected, in good way and in bad way from the context of industry rivalry and competition. It creates to position the firm to leverage its strengths and defend against the unfavorable effects from the five forces. Generally speaking, the model talked about the profitability and survival of a company. Referring to the definition of corporate strategy, Porter’s Five Forces seems irrelevant. Corporate strategy designs the grand strategy for the company grand purpose. And almost no company has a mission statement for to be ‘the most profitable’ or so. Most company longing for sustainability; to be able to hold on success for a long term period. They achieve this by creating more value through their business, managing portfolio business, and developing business units; things that we don’t learned through Porter’s Five Forces. Profitability is just one way to get to the grand purpose. That is the reason why, for the grandiose strategy of a company, to be based on only Porters that is focus on profitability, is unadvisable. The strategy such as focus and differentiation for competitiveness can be implemented at business unit level strategy to create competitive advantage. It may be relevant in corporate level as for the interest of stakeholder, indirectly. When the business unit strategy is achieved the desired goal, which most likely to be more profit, this is also will considered as favorable by the investors. Corporate strategy also concerned about the development and coordination of portfolio of business. The complexity that portfolio has cannot be found in the Porter’s model. Multi-variance product, multi-company in different industries, all this density of current market environment made Porter’s Five Forces become less practical. Other relevance is the dimension of competition. It is something that decided at the corporate level. Porter’s mentioning that based on the competitive advantages, we must choose the dimension of competition and it is best to create a battle field in that dimension, not in other dimension. This is about knowing our company competitive advantages and where to compete and win over the rivalry. What others are missing? Porter’s Five Forces did not describing the other external factor like regulator and social environment of the company. Porter’s Five Forces made based on the economic situation on the eighties. During early eighties, the economic situation is more stable and predictable development in industries compared to today dynamics. It is also characterized by cyclical growth and also by strong competition [D. Recklies, website]. Thus, in Porter’s era, the main objectives of many business organization or corporation are profitability and survival. Porter’s model focuses on analysis of the actual situation of company’s customers, supplier, and competitor; and predictable development from new entrants as well as substitutes. Global and networked markets, as mentioned previously, force the business players to think more in the corporate strategies. Now, it is not enough to only position oneself as a price-leader or quality leader. Competitive advantages now comes from the ability of the company to develop a way to maintain the relationship with more mobile customer and also to manage the networks that could be located in other part of the world. Porter’s Five Forces treats customer and supplier as third parties, which they no longer are. Corporate, suppliers, and customer now have extended relationship. And how this relationship managed is not less important than competitive advantages, because it creates values which harder to obtained and maintained than profits. This side of Porter’s Five Forces, lack of value-adding analysis made Porter’s Five Forces is less applicable in corporate strategy. In addition to that, in spite of always strengthening position within the industry with competitive advantages to compete against the competitor, co-operation with competitor by mergers and acquisition is also one way to maintain the existence and survival of a business organization. Hence, this model cannot keep up with dynamic situation in the current business environment. Globalization and digitalization Porters did not include how technology developed and that it is a strong force on competitiveness. Whereas, Porter did not explicitly mention it as a force, but it IS there. New entrant and new substitutes could mean that the competitor could have innovations background. New machines can affect the bargaining power of supplier too, in example. Not to mention how information spread unbelievably fast, and wide, around the internet. Experts coined the term of ‘internet economy’ for this decades in which internet have been so embedded in everyday life. Various e-business applications have strongly influenced almost all industries. The development of the information system gives new opportunity for players from outside industry to chance the basis of competition in a market. Porter did not mention how technology will affect the competitiveness. The difference is that on Porter’s era, technology is something more like a tool to implement the change. But now, with its more rapid growth compare to eighties, technology has become a most important driver to a change. Non-market environment Needless to say, nonmarket environment, as brought up by Baron, also one important forces that must be considered in crafting the strategy. Any kind of corporation or business organization must dealing with social, politics, and legal arrangement, directly and indirectly. Of course, Baron extended work from Porter’s Five Forces expected to be able to give the best model to develop the so-called integrated strategy. Dynamic market structure Porter’s model assumes relatively static market structure. Yet, today’s market is far from static. Dynamic market entrants, supported by more technological breakthrough, may change the entry barriers, the business model within short time. The model also assumes that all companies always try to get competitive advantages and win over other player in the industry. The dynamic market structure have new way of thinking of survival than to compete and kill each other. It is designed to analyze individual business performance. It is not considers strategies such as synergies and strategic alliances (mergers, acquisition), electronic linking of information system of all companies along a value chain, virtual enterprise-networks or others [D. Recklies]. This model also cannot assist the more complex structures of industries. The analysis cannot cope with multiple group products, by-products, and segments. And narrowing the focus only in one industry is too risky in today’s corporate strategy. This model also not yet considering that sometimes it may be possible to create new market than compete in the existing market. Nevertheless, later in his paper on 2008, he includes how technology is one factor that can greatly affect competitiveness and rivalry in an industry. Not only had that, he also included other factors such as government and complementary product that can affect the company’s profitability. In this paper, he also mentioned how a change in industry structure shifts each of the five forces. In general, Porter’s Five Model has some limitation in today’s market environment application and on its relevance with corporate strategy. In relation to corporate strategy, Porter’s model might be a little help for defining in which dimension or market out company wants to operate, although this dimension might be converted again once the strategy derived to business unit level. However, with all the lack Porter’s Five Forces had, the model is not completely obsolete to current business. Porter’s is an economist, so the model is basically the simple way of how he describes the microeconomics. He describes the attractiveness of the industry that is influenced by the five forces. This is also explains why the model always repeat and focusing more in profitability; for economics talks about profit maximization. Even now, business still operates in five forces framework describes by Porter. The model enable the decision maker, the managers, to think about the environment surrounding their industries in a structured way, easy-to-understand way as a starting point for further analysis. Conclusion In summary, while Porter’s Five Forces seems less reliable concerning the current competitiveness in the industry (in terms of technology or innovations involvement), it is still manage to help strategic focus of the company in profitability and survival within the industry. The models assist more in business unit level strategy and less applicable in corporate strategy level. Corporate level strategy talks more about value which we hardly find in the Five Forces. Yet, indirectly the success in business unit level strategy supports the achievement of corporate strategy. Porter’s Five Forces is still relevant to current strategy planning, yet today business players must considered more things such as the growth of globalization and technology and how it will affect the other factors, if not creating its own forces. The tremendous growth of technology nowadays can’t be separated in any aspects of life, and that including corporate strategy. However it might be, technology leads to innovation which will influence the every step a company have to defend its market and even expand its market. Certainly, a corporate strategy should not be carelessly made without take note of the non-market environment. In addition to that, examination on the nonmarket environment also should be conducted to support the strategy on market environment of a company. Another kind of analysis also may be needed to examine the dynamic state of markets. Porter’s framework becomes one of the tools in developing a strategy, maybe as a starting point, but not the most important or the only model being used. A good strategy never should use only one or few model as a basis. Contemporary relevance of Porter’s Five Forces to corporate strategy