SIX: Economy PaperThere are links between the economy and the environment. The environment provides resources to the economy, and the economy is the engine of capital to care for the environment. The two must work together. In this assignment students will explain how the environment affects the economy and provide specific examples. You will explore the possible short term and long-term effects on the economy based on environmental circumstances.View the video: Economy and the EnvironmentWrite a 2-3 page paper covering the following points related to this topic:Choose one of the following environmental factors that has an impact on the current economy.pollutionuse of fossil fuelsdepletion of natural resourcesgarbage disposalDescribe the effects on the economy as a result of the environmental issue of your choice.What are possible solutions for improving the environment to help improve the economy?Ensure that you use the Paper Writing rubric to guide your efforts and support your work with scholarly academic resources using APA format.
GCU Natural Resources Energy Source in A Simple Economic Growth Model Discussion
Critical Thinking: Leadership (100 points)For this assignment, you are asked to determine your own personal leadership style. Start by taking the self-assessment from the MindTools website: (https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/leadership-style-quiz.htm). Next, complete the required Goleman reading. Develop an understanding of your leadership style.Goleman, D. (2000, March-April). Leadership that gets results. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from http://www.enterprisingminds.ca/download/leadershi…Based on your experiences, current readings, work experience, education, and use of self-assessment instruments, describe what you think your personal leadership styles are. Include the following in your response:Develop an understanding of your leadership style(s).What is/are your style(s) and give an example of when you have applied your leadership style(s)?In what ways will this/these style(s) help you achieve your goals?Evaluate yourself relative to emotional intelligence (Goleman article) and explain how you will expand your emotional intelligence.What areas of leadership styles may be shortcomings and how will you improve your leadership?Directions:Write an essay that includes an introduction paragraph, the essay’s body, and a conclusion paragraph to address the assignment’s guide questions. Do not address the questions using a question-and-answer format.Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements:Be 3-5 pages in length, which does not include the title and reference pages, which are never a part of the content minimum requirements.Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.Support your submission with course material concepts, principles, and theories from the textbook and at least two current, scholarly, peer-reviewed journal articles. Current articles are those published in the last five years.It is strongly encouraged that you submit all assignments to the Turnitin Originality Check prior to submitting it to your instructor for grading. If you are unsure how to submit an assignment to the Originality Check tool, review the Turnitin Originality Check–Student Guide for step-by-step instructions.In advance of submission, review the grading rubric to see how you will be graded for this assignment.
Saudi Electronic University Personal Leadership Style Paper
University of Bridgeport In the Professional World to A Client Email
University of Bridgeport In the Professional World to A Client Email.
For your writing activity, you will practice communicating to different audiences about the subject of email communication.(See the example on page 5 of the textbook chapter which suggests different ways of communicating to three different people). Compose email messages to be sent to three individuals. Vary your content, use of appeals, and consider your purpose as you write. Build off the following: Subject: the relevance of email communication in today’s professional world Purpose: may vary from one email to the next. Suggestions: convey information, explain a new policy for an imagined company, persuade the audience in some wayAudience: A: a client B: your supervisor. C: your spouse/significant otherContent: For you to decide. You need to refer to at least one of the supplemental readings. Do so in whatever way makes sense. Length: TBA Use a Word Document to create your messages. We will pretend that these will be sent by email. Upload one file with all three messages. Your messages will be similar, and that’s okay. It is possible that one single message will be appropriate for each of the three people. Pay attention to your word choice and to the tone that is conveyed. Have fun and be creative and professional.
University of Bridgeport In the Professional World to A Client Email
Organizational Development and Change Management
essay writing help Organizational Development and Change Management.
Need for ChangeThink about a major organizational change that your organization has undergone in the past five years or so.For the first paragraph of your post, tell the class a little about your organization and describe your position in the organization. Briefly explain the change that occurred.For the second paragraph(s) of your post, select any one of the following starter bullet point sections. Review the important themes within the sub-questions of each bullet point. The sub-questions are designed to get you thinking about some of the important issues. Your response should provide a succinct synthesis of the key themes in a way that articulates a clear point, position, or conclusion supported by research. Select a different bullet point section than what your classmates have already posted so that we can engage several discussions on relevant topics. If all of the bullet points have been addressed, then you may begin to re-use the bullet points with the expectation that varied responses continue.Assess the factors that made that change necessary. Were the forces for change internal or external to the organization? How did the organization recognize the need for change? Does your experience mirror the information from your readings regarding how a need for change is discovered? Does your organization actively scan the internal and external environments for elements that indicate the need for a change? If so, what does your organization do? If not, are there any scanning techniques you would recommend?Evaluate what problems your organization experienced in meeting its goals prior to the change, how the organization performed during the change, and how it performed once the change was fully in place. Did the organization need to change its strategic plan, goals, objectives, mission or vision, or operating procedures as a result of the change?Analyze whether other areas were affected if the change occurred in one area of the organization. If so, how? If the change occurred throughout the organization, were some areas affected more than others? How and why? Were all the impacts of the change correctly anticipated, or were there unintended consequences of the change? What was the effect of the consequences (anticipated or unintended)? What were the leadership lessons learned?The final paragraph (three or four sentences) of your initial post should summarize the one or two key points that you are making in your initial response.Provide a substantive (500- to 1,000-word) initial discussion posting addressing each of the components in the discussion question. Justify your answers with research, examples, and reasoning. Comment on the initial postings of at least two peers. At a minimum, your responses to other initial posts must be 100 to 200 words each.By the end of the week, begin commenting on at least two of your peers’ responses. You can ask technical questions or respond generally to the overall experience. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language, even in criticism, to work toward the goal of positive progress. Submit your responses to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area.
Organizational Development and Change Management
Trabecular Bone Structure at the Distal Radius
Trabecular Bone Structure at the Distal Radius. Background information The distal end of the radius forms two palpable points, radially the styloid process and Lister’s tubercle on the ulnar side. Many studies have been carried out using a variety of methods to evaluate bone strength, mineralisation and architecture. Using skeletal remains to identify degradation of the trabecular bone in both male and female of various ages at death. Previous research in the field of forensic anthropology has shown that regional variation across such sections may be masked through use of a global analysis provides good results but with room to improve as technology becomes increasingly available (Boyd, S. 2015). Sode et al carried out a study that looked at sectioning the distal radius into axial sections and using high resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) to conclude whether similar results were obtained through global analysis and sectional analysis. The distal end of the radius forms two physical points, the styloid process on the radius side and Lister’s tubercle on the ulnar side. A medullary cavity is enclosed in a strong wall of compact bone, which is thickest at the interosseous border and thinnest at the extremities. The trabeculae of the spongy tissue arch at the upper end and pass from the compact layer of the shaft to the articular head. The radius has a body and two extremities. Sectioning the distal radius and taking images that can be analysed, measured and averages taken will provide higher accuracy and minimise artefacts found in other studies. HR-pQCT is a non-invasive, method for assessing bone microarchitecture and volumetric bone mineral density in cortical and trabecular compartments of the distal radius that has a low radiation risk. Its use in clinical research has increased enormously in recent years and has changed the understanding of age-related changes and sex differences in bone microarchitecture. Changes in bone structure across a wide range of bone metabolic disorders, fracture risk have also benefitted from this method. The accessibility of HR-pQCT has made it viable to gage three-dimensional bone microarchitecture and volumetric bone mineral density in vivo, with an accuracy that had yet to be achieved with other methods ( ). Recent studies using this new imaging tool has amplified understanding of age-related changes and sex differences in bone microarchitecture. The use of finite element analysis modelling to non-invasively estimate bone strength and predict fractures using reconstructed three-dimensional images is a great benefit and more suitable than invasive techniques using stronger doses of radiation. Regional analysis, by dividing the HR-pQCT images of the radius cross-section, provides corresponding information about the core structural diversity of trabecular structure that is coupled with underlying biomechanical conditions. We hypothesize that trabecular bone structure varies spatially across the trabecular compartment at the distal radius, and the degree of differences due to gender and age depend on the region. Gordon et al suggests the increased sensitivity achieved by their indices suggests that an in vivo assessment of trabecular bone structure can contribute significantly to the identification of persons at risk of fracture in the living (Gordon, C., Webber, C., Adachi, J. and Christoforou, N.2017). AIM OF PROPOSED RESEARCH Regional variation in trabecular structure across axial sections is often obscured by the conventional global analysis, which takes an average value for the entire trabecular compartment. The objective of this study is to use in vivo HR-pQCT to investigate regional variations in trabecular structure at the distal radius and its differences due to gender and age. HYPOTHESIS As age progression occurs, the bone volume fraction in trabecular bone of the distal radius will decrease as age increases. The null hypothesis concur that the bone volume fraction will show no change as age increases. RECRUITMENT Access to a large, modern, well documented bone collection is available. Provenance, age, sex and cause of death are known. Radial bones will be sourced from this collection to include individuals ranging from 18 – 78 years of age. Two groups, male and female will be used. Statistical values were calculated and are shown in table 1. Table 1: Results of the statistical calculations used on the data set. An estimation of 278 samples is needed for this study. However, for research to progress, this data and calculation will again be confirmed to ensure the figures are correct for valid results. INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA Bones from the radius will be used from the collection and taken from individuals of both genders aged 18 -78 at time of death. Any specimens indicating pathology will be void from this study. ASSUMPTIONS AND PRECAUTIONS Based on a previous study, carried out by Boyd et al states that HR-pQCT is a non-invasive, low-radiation method for the analysis of bone specimens meaning that very limited exposure will result. Health and safety will be witnessed while using the apparatus necessary to obtain the images. In agreement with guidelines published by the health and safety executive in 2012 the doses of radiation will also be monitored and recorded. Personal protective equipment to include a laboratory coat, gloves and goggles will be worn to prevent contamination or damage to the bone collection. As demonstrated in numerous studies conventional global analysis can obscure regional differences. MATERIALS Equipment required for this study is based on the study using HR-pQCT led by Sode et al (Sode et al., 2008) High-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT)- the XtremeCT Image Processing Language (Scanco Medical AG, Brüttisellen, Switzerland) Matlab Finite element analysis (FEA) modeling The x-ray source potential was 60 kVp with a current of 900 Î¼A. A two-dimensional detector containing 3072 Ã- 256 CCD elements was used to acquire 750 projections at a 100 ms integration time per projection. The 12.6 mm field of view was reconstructed across a 1536 Ã- 1536 matrix, yielding 82 Î¼m isotropic voxels. The images were segmented and managed in agreement with the standard patient-style analysis protocol using Image Processing Language (Sode et al., 2008). ANALYSIS The HR-pQCT systems have been thoroughly tested for both accuracy and precision using Î¼CT of ex vivo bone as the gold-standard (Sode et al., 2008). The distal radius of each subject was imaged using an in vivo HR-pQCT scanner. A 10mm section of the radius was imaged on both sides to avoid dominant hand Bias. Acquisition time per image was 3 minutes per scan and images were instantly reviewed for artifacts and repeated if any were detected (Boyd, 2015). 9 images were excluded due to artifacts. A semi-automated edge-defining algorithm was applied to mark areas of cortical bone and the target trabecular bone on the surface. The cortical and trabecular regions were sectioned automatically by the analysis protocol as described in detail by Laib et al (Laib et al,1996). Using MATLAB, the trabecular region was divided into inner and outer sub regions. Additionally, inner and outer trabecular compartments were divided into bony quadrants at each section based on the defined reference line from MATLAB to give 8 sub regions in total. Statistical analysis was undertaken using a Shapiro-Wilk test to predict the normality of the data. Due to separation and standard deviation of trabecular separation the data was not normally distributed so non-parametric statistical analysis was carried out. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FUTURE WORK This method of analysing trabecular bone thickness will be a valuable tool both with cadaveric material and living individuals due to the low radiation risk associated. In terms of research to aid the living many fields could gain invaluable knowledge of the risk of fractures and the development and tracking of disease such as osteoporosis. The repeatability of this study will enable others to repeat with greater sample numbers. However, at present its high cost means HR-pQCT is still a research tool, the high resolution and efficiency of this method exposes advantages over the methods used at present for bone assessment which will in time prove an invaluable clinical tool. In the future, regional differences in age-related changes of trabecular structure at the distal radius should be examined in a longitudinal study using slighlty larger radial cross sections. References Boutroy, S., Van Rietbergen, B., Sornay-Rendu, E., Munoz, F., Bouxsein, M. and Delmas, P. (2007). Finite Element Analysis Based on In Vivo HR-pQCT Images of the Distal Radius Is Associated with Wrist Fracture in Postmenopausal Women. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 23(3), pp.392-399. Boyd, S. (2015). High resolution imaging of bones by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography. Bone Abstracts. Clarke, B. (2017). Normal Bone Anatomy and Physiology. [online] Clinical journal of the American society of nephrology. Available at: http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/content/3/Supplement_3/S131.full [Accessed 19 Mar. 2017]. Dalzell, N., Kaptoge, S., Morris, N., Berthier, A., Koller, B., Braak, L., van Rietbergen, B. and Reeve, J. (2009). Bone micro-architecture and determinants of strength in the radius and tibia: age-related changes in a population-based study of normal adults measured with high-resolution pQCT. Osteoporosis International, 20(10), pp.1683-1694. Dixon, A. and Jamieson, E. (1937). Dixon’s manual of human osteology. 1st ed. Oxford: University Press. GENANT, H. (2006). Advanced Imaging Assessment of Bone Quality. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1068(1), pp.410-428. Gordon, C., Webber, C., Adachi, J. and Christoforou, N. (2017). In vivo assessment of trabecular bone structure at the distal radius from high-resolution computed tomography images. Kalpakcioglu, B., Engelke, K. and Genant, H. (2011). Advanced imaging assessment of bone fragility in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Bone, 48(6), pp.1221-1231. Laib, A., Hildebrand, T. and Rüegsegger, P. (1996). In vivo assessment of trabecular bone structure with 3D computed tomography and local reconstruction. Bone, 19(3), p.147. Li, H., Zhang, A., Bone, L., Buyea, C. and Ramanathan, M. (2014). A Network Modeling Approach for the Spatial Distribution and Structure of Bone Mineral Content. The AAPS Journal, 16(3), pp.478-487. MacNeil, J. and Boyd, S. (2007). Accuracy of high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography for measurement of bone quality. Medical EngineeringTrabecular Bone Structure at the Distal Radius
Business homework help
Business homework help. Below you will find the questions for each case. Please answer each question (does not need to be in APA) and submit each case in a separate document.Case 1: Nike Inc and the Cost of CapitalHere we will discuss how to approach this case and apply some of the cost of capital methodology covered earlier. This will be a running discussion culminating in the completion and submission of this case as one of your required case studies.1. What is the WACC and why is it important to estimate a firm?s cost of capital? Do you agree with Joanna Cohen?s WACC calculation? Why or why not?2. If you do not agree with Cohen?s analysis, calculate your own WACC for Nike and be prepared to justify your assumptions.3. Calculate the costs of equity using CAPM, the dividend discount model, and the earnings capitalization ratio. What are the advantages and disadvantages of each method?4. What should Kimi Ford recommend regarding an investment in Nike?Case 2: Teletech Corporation Case1. How does Teletech Corporation currently use the hurdle rate?2. Please estimate the segment WACCs for Teletech (see the worksheet in case Exhibit 1). As you do this, carefully note the points of judgment in the calculation.3. Interpret Rick Phillips?s graph (see Figure 2 in the case). How does the choice of constant versus risk-adjusted hurdle rates affect the evaluation of Teletech?s two segments?4. What are the implications for Teletech?s resource-allocation strategy? Do you agree that ?all money is green?? What are the implications of that view? What are the arguments in favor? What are the arguments against it?5. Is Helen Buono right that management would destroy value if all the firm?s assets were redeployed into only the telecommunications business segment? Why or why not? Please prepare a numerical example to support your view.6. Has Products and Systems (P+S) destroyed value? What evidence or illustrations can you give to support your opinion?7. What should Teletech say in response to Victor Yossarian?Case 3: The Investment Detective Case1.ÿÿ Before doing any calculations, can we rank the projects simply by inspecting the cash flows?2.ÿÿ What analytical criteria can we use to rank the projects? How do you define each criterion? Put the numbers up on the board.3.ÿÿ Which of the two projects, 7 or 8, is more attractive? How sensitive is our ranking to the use of high discount rates? Why do NPV and IRR disagree?4.ÿÿ What rank should we assign to each project? Why do payback and NPV not agree completely? Why do average return on investment and NPV not agree completely? Which criterion is best?5.ÿÿ Are those projects comparable on the basis of NPV? Because the projects have different lives, are we really measuring the ?net present? value of the short-lived projects?Case 4: Worldwide Paper Company Case1. What yearly cash flows are relevant for this investment decision? Do not forget the effect of taxes and the initial investment amount.2. What discount rate should Worldwide Paper Company (WPC) use to analyze those cash flows? Be prepared to justify your recommended rate and the assumptions that you used to estimate it.3. What is the net present value (NPV) and internal rate of return (IRR) for the investment?Business homework help
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