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My everyday object is an airplane. Usually over all of our breaks I go on vacation. I always get to my destination on a plane. Planes are big and fast and they get you to your destination faster than any other vehicle. Over spring break I went to Israel, an eleven-hour flight. I sat coach and my parents sat in business class. They planes are really nice they have many TV’s on the backs of all seats and the business class has a lot of space to be comfortable.

In business class the seats recline all the way back like a bed, this helps you to sleep and be comfortable the whole flight. They also have pretty good meals and refreshing drinks. In coach the seats are a little bigger than regular airplane seats because the flight is a lot longer and you need more space if you are traveling a longer distance. The flight to Israel was really hard for me because I didn’t sleep but the flight back was easy because I slept almost the whole time. All in all the flights were pretty good there and back but not the best thing I’ve ever been through.

The Comfort Within Airplanes have many good aspects. I have many good ideas of how to make the design of a regular airplane better. My first improvement of an airplane is to have fewer seats on it. There are usually 100-150 seats on an airplane. I feel that these many seats on an airplane are to many and it is to tight an uncomfortable for people. I want to make it 50-100 seats so the people have more space and are comfortable. This will provide more space for the people and make them have an easy and soothing ride. My second improvement for an airplane is it to be nicer quality.

Instead of the seats they use now, I want to change it to a bigger and more comfortable seat. This will make the customers enjoy the flight, and be happy when they get off. My third improvement for an airplane is for it to go faster. I will get a better and faster engine that will get people to their destination faster. I know that people don’t want to wait for long period of time, this is why my plane will go faster so it is more convenient for the people on it. My fourth and final improvement for an airplane is to have no babies aloud.

First of all for the person who has the baby with them has to take care of it and it is a really big hassle for them. This causes them to be stressed and very hectic the whole time on the airplane. For the people who are on the plane, they have to listen to the loud and annoying cry of a baby. This is something that one doesn’t want to go thru when they are on the airplane for three hours. All in all these are my improvements of an airplane and how I think it will make it better for the people traveling in it. Got Planes?

People around the world have a universal scare for airplanes. There are many negatives to flying, but it’s the only way to get to one country to another. In my mind, planes need some work. There are many things I would like to change when it comes to the normal commercial jet, and I believe that these things would create a more comfortable and relaxing environment for all passengers when flying. The first thing I would like to change about planes is the space they provide for you. On a normal commercial jet they have 100-150 seats, I want to change the number of seats to 50-100.

In my mind this will provide maximum comfort for the passengers. This will decrease the size of the jet but will increase the passenger’s comfort and enjoyment when going to their destination. The second thing I would like to change about planes is the quality and service. In my mind planes should provide bigger seats, full meals, and high-class service. Imagine sitting in your reclining chair getting whatever you want from the provided service on the plane. In my mind this would be the ideal for traveling.

Turning something that most people dislike into something they actually enjoy. In my opinion I would look forward to flying if I were treated this way, and I would be able to find more positives than negatives to flying and would have fun on the plane. The third thing I would like to change about planes is for it to be faster. I would try to install a faster engine into the jet. This would increase the rate at which people fly and get them to their destination faster. It would ultimately make people happier because they wouldn’t have to be on the plane as long.

Shorter plane rides are usually a lot easier to handle, and are more relaxing then long plane rides. The forth and final thing I want to change about planes is for it to have no babies aloud. This makes people annoyed and aggravated because of the sound of the baby. It also makes the person who has the baby with them very frantic and always worrying about the baby. This will make people not able to sleep or relax. All in all these are examples of how I think airplanes should be improved. These are how airplanes can be better than the original version.

OHIO DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ADDICTION SERVICES 2 Running Head: OHIO

OHIO DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ADDICTION SERVICES 2

Running Head: OHIO DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ADDICTION SERVICES 1

Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services

Name

Institutional Affiliation

THE OHIO DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH AND ADDICTION SERVICES

Ohio has been facing a raging drug epidemic and lacks the required infrastructure and treatment equipments. The state has faced a high number of drug overdose deaths in the recent past. Ohio tied Kentucky for third worse affected in the nation. Deaths have spiked by almost 20 percent a year for the last two years.

Substance abuse and mental illness are linked. The National Survey of Substance Abuse and Treatment (N-SSATS) has reported that almost half of the people seeking addiction help are mentally ill. While Medicaid expansion is very crucial to the treatment, Ohio still is lacking the treatment infrastructures for the mental illnesses and addiction, particular for those of modest income (Denny-Brown, Hagen, Bradnan & Williams, 2015).

The Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services has been responsible for the oversight and provision of the statewide mental health services, together with the prevention of alcohol and drug addiction prevention, recovery and treatment supports. The department regulates and oversees together with allocating funding to the service systems of 52 county behavioral health boards, operating the six regional psychiatric hospitals.

Despite the lagging behind projections of the state revenue, resulting in cuts through the budget, the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addictions Services saw over 2% increment in its GRF funding, in the both Financial Year 2018 and 2019, as well as about 30% increment in the non-GRF funding in the financial year 2018. The increased investments come at time when the state continues to search for new ways of addressing the growing behavioral health requirements which are driven by the opiate crisis.

With the recommended number of the public psychiatric beds for the people in crisis are 40 per 100,000. Ohio Association of County Behavioral Health Authorities proposed a $27 million for fighting public health emergencies. They are planning to stem the epidemic with regional withdrawal management centers and mental health crisis stabilization centers together with support for long-term addiction care (Patton, 2017).

Ohio House of Representatives passed a version for the state budget in May, and it included a significant investment in behavioral health related services in addressing the fast growing requirements in the state’s opiate crisis and for those who are living with mental illnesses. The funding totals close to 170 million US dollars over the biennium spread within various agencies and initiatives. This funding is referred to as the Ohio HOPES (Heroin, Opioids, Prevention, and Education Safety. The funds have been shared within four main areas; mental health, workforce, prevention and treatment.

In the plan of Ohio HOPES, the enacted budget added to the house’s total through use of leveraging federal dollars, the dedicated purpose funds and redirecting Local Government Fund (LGF) dollars to several new behavioral health programs.

The roughly estimated $180 million in the new funding for the opiate crisis is appropriate within the multiple state agencies, together with the ODMHAS, including the Job and Family Services departments, the Public Safety, and the Rehabilitation and Correction, the Office of the Attorney General and the State Pharmacy Board. Of the money, approximately 75 million US dollars has been directed to ODMHAS over the biennium for the following purposes;

$14 million in GRF and redirected LGF dollars to be allocated to the county behavioral health boards’

Additional $2 million for additional funding for Residential State Supplement program, allowing facilities which participate in the program to provide and accommodate personal care service for many people with mental illnesses.

$12 million in redirected LGF dollars for the detox facilities and substance abuse stabilization centers and extra $3 million in GRF dollars for the stabilization centers dealing with mental health crisis in every state’s six psychiatric hospital regions.

$7 million for medical expansion-assisted treatment for the mental health court and drug court pilot programs to new counties.

$5 million for reimbursing the county jails for psychotropic drugs which are dispensed to inmates.

$21 million in addition capacity to selling obligations against the improvement funds for the mental health facilities and expanding the treatment facilities.

$11 million in the federal 21st Century Cures Act fund to be utilized in pursuant to the State Targeted Response to the Opioid Crisis provisions in the Act.

The Opioid Addiction Hubs

The enacted budget maintains and helps the County Hub Program in combating the Opioid addictions. It requires every county’s ADAMHS board to organize and coordinate their efforts in addressing the epidemic in their counties and submission of reports regarding the efforts to the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Initially, the house appropriated $2.2 million for the Financial Year 2018 for the program; the fiscal budget has eliminated the funding leaving the implementing cost for the programs on the county boards.

Prevention

After the House passed and the Governor budgets preserved the GRF funding for the wellness and prevention line item at the 2017 level of $3.4 million the budget which has been enacted cuts the funding to $2.6 in every fiscal year. This reduction means that fewer funding will be available for the schools and the county behavioral health boards in provision of evidence based suicide and substance abuse prevention programs.

The policy makers shave continued to address the growing concern on the behavioral health requirements across Ohio. The Center for Community Solutions shall work in identifying and evaluating the outcomes of every type of investment which has been made in the state budget throughout the biennium, which includes the funding for the prevention and treatment of substance abuse and the new investments which support multi-system youth. Meanwhile, the Community Solutions remain engaged with Behavioral Health Redesigning process as the current implementation date approach for ensuring that critical behavioral health services are thoughtfully and carefully made available for the people who need them (Penm, MacKinnon, Boone, Ciaccia, McNamee & Winstanley, 2017).

The Rehabilitation and Corrections department has proposed new policies for keeping as many individuals as possible from entering the prison systems. From July 1st 2018, individuals sentenced to prison for a period which does not exceed one year for felony 5 shall be serving the term in a community based correctional facility or in jail. However, it will be only applicable in non-violent offenses, and which does not include drug trafficking or sexual assault offenses or carry a mandatory prison sentence.

The mental health and addiction services together with its infrastructure require dedicated state funding from the General Revenue Fund. The funding may be provided through closing the unnecessary tax breaks in the $9 billion Ohio tax expenditure budget as many of these tax breaks are not creating any economic benefits or jobs. Funding may also be provided through the restoration of the top income tax brackets, which were eliminated in the past decade, and which drained $3 billion dollars from th4e state’s ability of providing the essential public services. The Ohio lawmakers should stop prioritizing tax cuts which benefit the wealthy over the pressing needs of every Ohioan. They should start to invest in what the public need for their healthy and productive life (Henderson, Cheung, Cleverley, Chaim, Moretti, de Oliveira & Herzog, 2017).

References

Denny-Brown, N., Hagen, B., Bradnan, C., & Williams, S. (2015). The right supports at the right time: How Money Follows the Person programs are supporting diverse populations in the community. The National Evaluation of the Money Follows the Person Demonstration Grant Program: Reports from the Field, (16).

Patton, W. (2017). Investments we need in Ohio’s 2018-19 budget.

Henderson, J. L., Cheung, A., Cleverley, K., Chaim, G., Moretti, M. E., de Oliveira, C., … & Herzog, T. (2017). Integrated collaborative care teams to enhance service delivery to youth with mental health and substance use challenges: protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ open, 7(2), e014080.

Penm, J., MacKinnon, N. J., Boone, J. M., Ciaccia, A., McNamee, C., & Winstanley, E. L. (2017). Strategies and policies to address the opioid epidemic: A case study of Ohio. Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, 57(2), S148-S153.