Fred and Ethel, husband and wife, live together in Memphis, Tennessee. While they are married, they decide to purchase a condominium in Gatlinburg, TN so that they can have a place to start when they go to visit Great Smokey Mountains National Park, as they like to do several times each year. They purchase the condo as tenants by the entirety and pay for the condo with marital funds.
Unfortunately, in 2007, Fred and Ethel’s marriage went sour and they decided to divorce, although they maintained an amicable relationship. Since both parties wanted to continue to have access to the condo in Gatlinburg, they had their attorneys insert the following language into the divorce settlement:
“Both parties hereto agree that as long as both parties are living, neither party may sell, encumber or otherwise partition our condominium in Gatlinburg, TN without the consent of the other party.”
In 2017, Fred falls on hard financial times. He really wants the money that he could get by selling his half of the Gatlinburg condo. However, Ethel refuses to partition or buy out Fred since she wants continued access, but cannot afford to buy Fred out.
Fred brings an action to partition the property, claiming that the clause in the divorce agreement is unenforceable because it is an invalid restraint on alienation.
Is the clause enforceable? Please write an essay answering this question.
An IRAC-style essay is appropriate for this assignment.
Is the clause enforceable? Please write an essay answering this question.
Assignment ContentIn this week’s assignment, you will continue to gain exposure to cases and legal defenses. Use the internet to your advantage as you work on this assignment.Another week and another case for you as the paralegal. You are keeping busy and next on the agenda is for you to help the attorney you are assisting on a case to begin crafting a defense for the client. Select a criminal law case from the Opinions of the Court page of the U.S. Supreme Court website.Determine the defense that was used for the crime. Search the internet for types of legal defenses in criminal law.Write a 700- to 1,050-word defense as if you were supporting the attorney representing the client.Format your paper according to APA guidelines.
CJA 305 University of Phoenix Legal Defenses Case Study
San Jose State Hypothesis Relationship Exists Between the Variables Discussion
San Jose State Hypothesis Relationship Exists Between the Variables Discussion.
A: Type I error is a false positive while type II error is a false negative. The former occurs if we reject a null hypothesis, which is correct (Zararsiz, 2014). It leads to acceptance of the alternative and affects reliability of the tests. The latter results from failure to disapprove the null hypothesis when it should be rejected. Researchers can avoid it by increasing the sample sizes.Statistical significance refers to the probability of an association between two or more parameters. Therefore, it aids in acceptance or rejection of the null hypothesis (Mohajeri & Mostafa, 2020). Practical significance illustrate a true association between parameters that exist in real life. the analysts uses size of required outcomes and association to make conclusion. They do not focus on the p-values and significance values applied in statistical significance.Researchers require several elements to undertake any hypothesis test. First, they have to formulate the null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis (Lind, Marchal, & Wathen, 2017). The hypotheses will outline the rejection and acceptance region. Second, they rely on different factors to test the hypothesis. Some of the factors include sample sizes, significance value, and test statistics. The researchers ensures the sample size is large enough to lower margin of error.————–.(Minimum 160 words) + 1 reference APA formatB:When a researcher does not agree with a null hypothesis, and the null hypothesis is the real truth about the population, it is described as a type I error associated with the testing of the hypothesis (Dutta et al., 2020). This error is also known as a false positive since it is rejected but is true. The type II error is the exact opposite of type I. this is the situation in which a researcher accepts the null hypothesis, and this null hypothesis is very wrong in the population. The other name for a type II error is a false negative since it is an accepted yet very wrong hypothesis about the population.Statistical significance is achieved During hypothesis testing when the null hypothesis is right for the population. The null hypothesis, therefore, describes that a relationship exists between the variables being tested (Mourougan, & Sethuraman, 2017). This is to means that the evidence required while conducting the hypothesis has been found therefore the test is statistically significant.Moreover, practical significance means that it tests the size or strength of the relationship between variables (Mourougan, & Sethuraman, 2017). Besides, statistical significance does not analyze the strength of the effect. With practical, an investigator will get to know if the test is big enough to have a significant value, or small enough to be ignored.Hypothesis testing entails null hypothesis and alternate hypothesis. Null describes no association between variables while alternate describes a relationship between variables being tested (Mourougan, & Sethuraman, 2017). Other elements include the significance levels of the test, the calculation of test static value, and computing conclusions to the test.————–.(Minimum 160 words) + 1 reference APA formatNote:Must be entirely focused on the specific content.Add some generic points that could applyPlease check plagiarism, GrammarlyAPA FormatRecommended Textbooks:1.Discovering Statistics, by Hawkes and Marsh. Published by Hawkes Learning Systems. Chapters 11 and 12.2.Lind, Marchal, Wathen, Statistical Techniques in Business and Economics, 16th Edition. Chapters 8.
San Jose State Hypothesis Relationship Exists Between the Variables Discussion
Goldsworthy’s and Christo Landscape Art Comparison Essay
nursing essay writing service Goldsworthy’s and Christo Landscape Art Comparison Essay. Introduction Goldsworthy and Christo are two famous landscape artists who are well known for their works. The two artists use their creativity to come up with outdoor artistic impressions which are bold and provocative. As a result, each artist has his own style which he uses to convey different emotions to specific audiences. This paper will compare and contrast the works of the two artists to show their significance in landscape art. Comparisons Goldsworthy uses brightly colored materials to make his work stand out in different environments. He uses photographs and films to record his works to show how different objects are arranged in a landscape. In addition, nature has a big role to play in Goldsworthy’s work because it allows him to use natural materials that exist in an area to develop his installations. This allows him to show the atmosphere surrounding his objects and how they connect to each other to form an impressive visual pattern. Similarly, Christo’s work uses natural colorful elements that exist in different landscapes which are recorded through photographs and films. This enables him to create artworks that show the unity between natural and artificial forms in a landscape and how they relate to each other. Goldsworthy and Christo use color liberally in their artworks to show how their objects appear in different times of the day. Color and tonal variations bring out different meanings in their art works making them more appealing to diverse audiences. In addition, they use color to show different types of moods in their work to appeal to the inner instincts of their audiences. In addition, both artists use natural light in their works to make them more realistic. This enables them to capture the essence of the natural landscapes they are portraying accurately. Contrast Goldsworthy is usually inspired by seas, rivers and other water forms in his work. These water forms allow him to think creatively about what he wants to achieve and how he is going to achieve it. Additionally, he only uses natural materials found in a particular environment to make his installations. This allows him to show the energy within and outside various objects he uses in his artworks to portray how they fit in a particular environment. Some of the key elements that stand out in his works include light, growth, motion and transformation. He uses these elements to display the fluidity with which different forms in the natural environment interact to create an unexpected visual impression. Christo’s work mainly uses fabrics, ropes and cables together with other elements in different landscapes to come up with appealing visual impressions. He wraps his fabrics around different objects making sure they portray different tonal variations to show radical changes they bring to the natural environment. Afterwards he photographs or films the artistic forms created out of his process to illustrate how they fit in a particular natural landscape. He uses external materials in close proximity to distinct natural features in vast landscapes to show how they relate. As a result, this enables landscapes to be interpreted differently by people who view them because they are able to notice the intimacy with which he brings out the tonal variations that exist between different forms. Methods and Means The movement and sound of the water stimulate Goldsworthy’s creative instincts enabling him to internalize the beauty he experiences which is transferred to the artworks he creates. He uses twigs, stones, ice and sticks to come up with attractive artworks which are either filmed or photographed for future exhibitions. The fluidity of water movements and sounds is represented in his works through constant change. As a result, this allows him to transfer what he sees to his artworks. He captures the essence of time and weather in his works by showing how they strengthen or weaken different objects that are displayed. Christo uses large scale installations to show how the progression of his ideas from abstract symbols to realistic forms. His works reveal how landscapes and natural features change when they are altered by different human activities. This approach allows him to develop different projects which have their own identities and uses photographs and films to show how they fit in different natural environments. He uses the vastness of his projects to show how different objects alter the identity of a particular landscape. This gives it a rich and distinct visual impression. Reaction Goldworthy’s landscape art shows the significance of time and how it influences the internal energy within different objects and the external energy that make them move or release different sounds. The tranquility and volatility of different water forms and how they relate to other natural forms are attributes which are effectively portrayed by Goldsworthy and they infuse the reality of nature in his works. Christo’s works focus on relationships between external materials and undisturbed landscapes. His works portray the shift from abstract ideas to reality using fabrics and ropes to create distinctive shapes that combine freely with different landscapes where they are situated. The vastness of his projects ensures relationships between natural o and artificial objects are conveyed clearly. Goldsworthy’s and Christo Landscape Art Comparison Essay
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory. Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory Erik Erikson is a psychosocial theorist who utilized stages to analyze individuals throughout development. Psychosocial theories focus on the “psychological needs of the individual conflicting with the needs of society” (McLeod, 2018, Paragraph 2). His theory can be compared to multiple other psychologists but is applied to the lifespan in different ways. In this paper, we will discuss the general theory, observed applications, and possible future applications. Theory Details Erik Erikson’s psychosocial theory consists of 8 stages that develop upon each other throughout an individual’s life span. These stages begin at birth and end with death. Erikson’s theory is cumulative, each stage building on the previous. Each stage contains a “crisis” that the individual must overcome. Failure to complete one stage can lead to “a more unhealthy personality and sense of self” (McLeod, 2018, Paragraph 4). While the stages can still be completed after failure, it is more difficult than successfully completing the stages in order. Erikson’s first stage, occurring during infancy, is Trust vs Mistrust. This stage is dependent on the child developing a relationship with a base of care and love. This tells the child that they are deserving of the care they have received (Arnett, 2016). Another theory similar to stage one is the Attachment Theory by John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. This theory reflects on the need for an emotional attachment between a child and its caregiver. Without this attachment, the child will develop a sense of mistrust of the adults around them. Stage two develops from around 18 months to 3 years of age and is focused on control and independence. This is the stage of Autonomy vs Shame and Doubt. If the children are encouraged to explore and complete tasks on their own, they will develop a greater sense of self and become more confident. Without the encouragement, they will become “overly dependent” and “doubt their abilities” (McLeod, 2018, Paragraph 14). The love and care experienced in stage one will help encourage the child that he/she has a place in the world and can be an independent person. With criticism, they will experience both mistrust and shame. During early childhood, a child develops the ability to assert their feelings and initiate their own activities. The Initiative vs Guilt stage is crucial to learning the world around them. Questions are common and should be encouraged, rather than enforcing the sense of guilt for “being a nuisance” (McLeod, 2018, Paragraph 26). Healthy balance in this stage is important to develop a purpose of interaction. Between the ages of five and twelve, the Industry vs Inferiority stage occurs. Individuals will need to establish a peer group that provides approval to boost a child’s self-esteem (McLeod, 2018). The reinforcement from peers will make the individual feel competent and able to achieve goals. Without this, the child will feel that they will not reach their potential and cannot live up to the demands of society. The fifth stage of Erikson’s theory occurs from 12-18 years of age and focuses on identity based on values and goals. During Identity vs Identity Confusion, “adolescents must develop an awareness of who they are,” and find their place in society (Arnett, 2016, p. 23). The main identities involved are sexual and occupational (McLeod, 2018). Intimacy vs Isolation is the sixth stage in Erikson’s theory and takes place around the ages of 18-40 years. Exploring relationships to find intimate, loving commitment lead to successful completion of this stage. Avoiding these relationships leads to isolation and loneliness. The seventh stage is Generativity vs Stagnation. This stage occurs in middle adulthood (40-65) and is focused on making an impact on the world (McLeod, 2018). Making positive efforts that will benefit the collective future of others and encourage being part of the bigger pictures. Focusing on one’s own needs results in a shallow state of disconnect with the world. The final stage of Erikson’s theory starts at age 65 and ends with death. Erikson’s stage of Ego Integrity vs Despair contemplates the “acceptance of one’s one and only life cycle as something that had to be” and the sense of wholeness when reflecting on life (Erikson, 1950, p. 268). If an individual does not feel productive in life, they will feel guilt and despair. Success will lead to a sense of closure and acceptance of life and death. Theory Application Starting from day one, I have been loved on, encouraged, and cared for. The care and support of my family and others led to the successful completion of trust. The growing continued successfully through a representation of stage two. I am the youngest child of three and always desired to participate in whatever trouble my sisters were getting into. When I was around 18 months, my mom had to remove the baby gate from the stairs and help encourage my independence as I tried to climb the gate in order to chase my sisters. She realized that it was time to stop limiting my explorations and let me grow. This encouragement of independence also helped develop initiative. I loved playing and exploring. Rather than belittling my play, my parents and sisters would often try to join in. They still often set boundaries to encourage a healthy/safe reinforcement. The fourth stage occurs during elementary school years. This is hard time for many people but the school system I was placed in greatly advocates peers encouraging one another. Even when I was homeschooled for a year, the peers I had left in the school system stayed in contact and welcomed me back the next year with open arms. I was also encouraged by my educators to take pride in my work and not slack off. At the current point in my life, I feel that I have just completed Erikson’s fifth stage of finding my identity. I have found a new sense of independence being out of the house and am focused on completing my degree and continuing forward with my life. I have found the friends and significant other I would like to keep around. I am working on the completion of intimacy. It is hard to fully grasp this concept but once experiencing that relationship with someone, it is clear. If I wasn’t focused on completing my degree, I would probably already be married and starting the rest of my life with the man I love. Future Career Although being a hermit does not sound too bad, I plan to work in the medical field. I will constantly be encountering people at all stages of life. I am sure I will experience the babies who have been neglected and need to be loved and experience trust. I will experience the children who are afraid to go out on their own. I will experience the kids who are trying to “find themselves” and somehow injure themselves. I will experience the depressed and lonely who feel that they are useless because they don’t have a mate. I will (and have already) experience the end of life contemplations. The reflections of the good and bad in life, of the successes and failures. I will get to comfort and walk through the confusing stages of life with all patients and families. This is my dream and Erikson’s theory helps explain the emotions of all my future endeavors. Summary Erikson outlines a “realistic perspective of personality development” (McLeod, 2018, Paragraph 63). Rather than focusing on a specific characteristic or stage of life, Erikson takes the perspective of an everchanging and developing disposition helping to validate individuals in all stages of growth. The application of Erikson’s eight stages is not limiting in age nor careers or goals in life. References Arnett, J. J. (2016). Child development: A cultural approach, 2nd Edition. Boston: Pearson. Erikson, E.H. (1950). Childhood and society. New York: Norton. McLeod, S. A, (2018, May 03). Erik Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development. Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html#psycho Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory
“Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan.
“Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan.. Paper details In her essay, “Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan remarks that when her mother did not express herself in “impeccable” English, people assumed her thoughts were not important. What effect does our spoken and written language have on how we are perceived? Are we right to make assumptions about people based on how they speak?“Mother Tongue,” Amy Tan.