Milena Marcinek Part 1: Handling food This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 1: Know the importance of handling food safely Learning objective Place in Assessment Explain why it is important to handle food safely Question 1 Page 1 1.2 Identify hazards relating to food safety Question 2 Page 2 1.3 Identify ways in which food should be handled safely to avoid contamination during the following operations: Storage Preparation Cooking Serving Re-heating Question 3, Page 2 1. Explain why it is important to handle food safely. [1.1] Safe food handling prevents food from being contaminated. It is highly important to preven food contamination as contaminated food can cause not only heachache or atomach pain but also can lead to severe health problems such a kidney failure and even death. If people who are responsible for handling the food do not take enough care for safe food handling they might put people’s health at risk. 2. What are the key hazards to be aware of when it comes to food safety? Identify at least three examples in your answer. [1.2] Bacterial Hazard: Over time food can be subject to a range of changes caused by micro- organisms such as bacteria, fmould, yeast, viruses. As a result the color, taste texture can be affected. Some of the changes look unpleasant bu they do not have to be dangerous for human’s life although some forms of bacterial contamination, caused by pathogenic bacteria, causes the food to become inedible or a potential hazard to health. Foreign Bodies: The food may be contaminated by the foreign body even before the food is reacheing the home. Examples of foreign body: I pieces of metal, wood, plastic and food packaging, II bones, shells, pips, stalks and stones. III hairs, jewellery, plasters, nails, saliva Allergic Hazard The most common food that cause alergic reaction are milk, soya, nuts, seafood. Even just a tiny bit of certain food can cause severe reaction. Food allergic can lead to anaphylaxis. Sufferers can experience swelling of the throat, breathing problems and potential collapse. Food labels have to always inform if the food might have any conatct with any of food that can cause allergic reaction. Chemical Hazard 3. Complete the table below by identifying how food should be handled in order to avoid contamination during each of the operations listed: [1.3] Operation How food should be handled Storage Every type of food has an ideal storage condions. If food is storaged in a wrong way the food can quickly become inedible or unusasble. Preparation Keep the highest hygine standart at the place where food is being brepared. The perosn who prepares the food should fallow the highest hygene standarts. Cooking Food should be cooked throughly to avaoid bacterial contamination. If the temeperature of cooking is not high enough then bacteria may survive and people eating undercooked food risks becoming ill. Serving It is important to ensure that hot food don’t go cold, persihable foods are not left in room temperature for longer than two hours and people do not make contact with food they do not intend to eat. Re-heating Food shouldn’t be re-heated more then one time. Re-heated food must be minimum 75 degrees C. To check the temeperature of food an appropriate thermometer should be used. Take particular care when feeding pre-heated food to vulnerable people. For food such as soups be sure to stir them so the whole foodstuff is at required temperature. Now that you have completed Part 1 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 2: Personal hygiene This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 2: Know the importance of personal hygiene when handling food Learning objective Place in Assessment 2.1 Explain ways of maintaining personal hygiene when handling food that helps reduce the risk of contamination Question 1 Page 3 2.2 Identify how and when to wash hands Question 2a Page 4 Question 2b Page 5 2.3 Describe potential problems resulting from not maintaining personal hygiene when handling food Question 3 Page 5 1. Explain three ways of maintaining personal hygiene when handling food. Also provide a brief explanation as to how these efforts can reduce the risk of contamination. [2.1] a) People should avoid touching or combing their hair while handling with food as hairs can physically contaminate the food. In commercial enviroment food handlers have to cover their hair with a hair net or other form of covering. These efforts reduce risks of getting hairs into food what is not only not pleasant but olso have a potential to be harmfull to death. b) People should take off jewellery while they handle the food. Jewellery can harbour bacteria and dirt and also brings a risk of phissical conatmination c) People should ensure their nails are short and tidy while they handle food. The food handler shouldn’t use nail varnish or fake nails that can drop of. Following this rules reduces risks of physical conatmination ( bits of nails, varnish, dirt undar nail, or pieces of fake nails can conataminate the food ) 2a. Read the case study below describing a typical day for Chris. Afterwards, identify three situations where he should have washed his hands. [2.2] Chris works in a sandwich shop every weekday from 9am to 6pm. He gets up and out of bed at 7 and jumps into the shower straight away. Once dressed, he heads downstairs for breakfast. Today, he’s decided to have his favourite; bacon sandwiches. He puts the bacon into the sizzling hot pan and waits until it is brown and crispy. He also chops up some fresh tomatoes from the fridge before putting together his meal. He is running late so takes his sandwich with him to the bus stop. He needs to finish it quickly to pay for his ticket and hold on to the side bar because the journey is unusually bumpy and busy. When he arrives at work, Chris puts on a plastic apron and gloves immediately and positions himself behind the counter awaiting his first morning customers. By lunchtime, Chris has put together 34 sandwiches and he sets about making the total 35 by preparing his own. Once he has made his lunch, Chris removes his gloves and apron and sits himself in the staff room, ready to reward his hard work. Between mouthfuls, he decides to make a cup of tea so wanders over to turn the kettle on and get a spare mug from the cupboard. He sits himself back down until the kettle has boiled which conveniently coincides with his final bite. He places his plate in the dishwasher, makes his tea and prepares to head back to his second shift. After returning home from work, Chris quickly uses the bathroom before beginning to prepare his dinner. He takes some chicken from the fridge and cuts it into cubes for a stir fry. Whilst doing so, his phone rings so he runs to answer it. It’s his mum, so he finds comfy place to sit down as he expects it will be a long chat! Your answer: a) before touching bacon, after touching bacon and before cutting tomatoes b) When arriving to work befor he starts making sandwiches and before coming back to work after the break c) Before cutting the chicken 2b. Prepare some simple instructions that could be used to explain the correct technique for hand washing. [2.2] use warm water and good amount of soap rub palm to palm rub backs of both hands rub palm to palm with fingers interlaced rub backs of fingers ( interlocked) rub each thumb clasped I nopposite hand using a rotation movement rub both palms with fingertips dry torhoughly in clean paper towel or use hand dryer 3. Describe three potential problems that can result from not maintaining personal hygiene when handling food. [2.3] a) foreign object conatmination If people who deal with handling the food dont keep high hygene standarts as covering their hair, wearing appropriate clothes, keeping nails clean and tidy or they wear jewellery while they handle any food they might contaminate food with foreign objcect such as for example : hairs, pieces of jewellery, pieces of nails or clothes. b) Food poisoning bacteria Lack of personal hygiene can result in food poiosning bacteria. To avoid it people handling the food should remember to wash their hands, keep the kitchen area clean, not to store rice at room temeperature for sustained period, carefool cook and cool the food, wash thoroughly the meat, fish and vegetable, not to use damaged cans, preserve food carefully, keep raw and cooked food separately, keep food at safe temeperature, keep animals away from food, avoid coughing and sneezing on food, cover cuts, pay attention to use by dates. c) Foodborn disease Foodborne illness is caused by consuming contaminated foods or beverages. Many different disease-causing microbes or pathogens can contaminate foods, so there are many different types of foodborne illnesses. Most foodborne diseases are infections caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Other diseases are poisonings caused by harmful toxins or chemicals that have contaminated food. Of note many foodborne pathogens also can be acquired through recreational or drinking water, from contact with animals or their environment, or through person-to-person spread. Here are a few dos and dont’s to prevent food borne illness: *Don’t leave foods that need to be chilled sitting out. Refrigerate and freeze necessary foods right away. *Do use a meat thermometer to make sure your food is cooked thoroughly. *Do wash your hands for at least 20 seconds with warm, soapy water before and after handling any raw meats, fruits and vegetables. *Do wash utensils and disinfect surfaces before and after use. *Don’t defrost food on the kitchen counter. Instead, use the refrigerator, cold running water, or the microwave oven. *Don’t let food marinate at room temperature. *Keep marinating food refrigerated. *Don’t over pack the refrigerator. Now that you have completed Part 2 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 3: Storing food This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 3: Know how to store food safely Learning objective Place in Assessment 3.1 Explain how to store the following types of food correctly to avoid contamination: Fresh Convenience High risk Low risk Question 1 Page 6 3.2 Explain why it is important to follow food storage instructions Question 2 Page 7 1. In the table below, explain the correct way to store the different food types in order to avoid contamination: [3.1] Food type Storage method Fresh Raw meat, fish and poultry should be stored in the bottom of a fridge below ready to eat food. Fresh salad vegetables should be stored in lided boxes in a fridge to prevent it from being contaminated by drips from raw food. Convenience Convenience food should have a label saying what is its best storage method. High risk High risk food should be keeped in low temeperature enviroment such as refrigerator and only for short duration outside of that. Low risk Can be stored in dry, cool, dry area , ideally in the shade. 2. In 50 words or less, explain why it is important to follow food storage instructions. [3.2] IT is importarnt to follow food storage instruction to be sure that the food is being kept in right condition and to prevent food spoiling to quickly and to reduce risk of food poisoning. Now that you have completed Part 3 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 4: Importance of correct food storage This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 4: Know how food storage can affect the nutritional value of food Learning objective Place in Assessment 4.1 Outline how storage methods can affect the nutritional value of food Question 1 Page 8 Outline in 50 words or less, how storage methods can affect the nutritional value of food. [4.1] Nutrition in food is prone to change with time. Exposure to light, temeperature, water or oxygen can cause all sorts of reactions in food what effects in nutritional changes of the food. Now that you have completed Part 4 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 5: Keeping the food work area clean This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 5: Know how to keep the food work area clean Learning objective Place in Assessment 5.1 Describe why it is important to keep the food work area clean, hygienic and disinfected Question 1 Page 9 5.2 Outline ways of keeping the food work area clean, hygienic and disinfected Question 2 Page 9 1. Describe why it is important to keep the food work area clean, hygienic and disinfected. [5.1] Keeping the food work area clean, hygenic and disinfected eliminates bacteria growth, reduces bacteria to safe level, creates the inviroment that is uinattractive to pests and verim, minimises the possibility of cross conatmination, results in a clean and safe enviroment for the people who are preparing the food. 2. Outline three actions that you can take in order to keep the food work area clean, hygienic and disinfected. [5.2] a) To avoid cross conatamination you can restrict some food preparation and cooking tasks to specific part of the kitchen. Yo can also have dedictaed equipment for certain tasks, such as colour coded chopiing boards. b) Disinfect food contact surfaces, hand contact surfaces as well as equipment used to clean the kitchen to avoid cross contamination . c) Clean the kitchen area systematically and implement kitchen cleaning scheadule. Now that you have completed Part 5 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 6: Checking food is cooked to the correct temperature This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 6: Know how to check food is cooked to the correct temperature Learning objective Place in Assessment 6.1 Describe why it is important to ensure that food is cooked to the correct temperature Question 1 Page 10 6.2 Give examples of ways to check food is cooked to the correct temperature Question 2 Page 10 1. Describe why it is important to ensure that food is cooked to the correct temperature. [6.1] Bacteria multiply in the temperature between 5 and degrees 65 Celcius. Baceria are killed in the temeperature above 75 degrees Celcius so it is important to check the food is cooked all the way through to be sure there is no threat to people’s health. 2. Give two examples of how you can check that food is cooked to the correct temperature. [6.2] Example 1: U can use food thermometer to check if the food is cooked in a correct way. Example 2: Yo can also see if food is piping hot and steam is visible before the food is served. Now that you have completed Part 6 of your Assessment, remember to save the work you have done so far – you will need to send your work to your tutor for marking once you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment. Part 7: Disposing of food waste This part will help you to evidence Learning Outcome 7: Know how to dispose of food waste safely Learning objective Place in Assessment 7.1 Describe why it is important to dispose of food waste safely Question 1 Page 11 7.2 Outline how to dispose of food waste safely Question 2 Page 11 1. Describe why it is important to dispose of food waste safely. [7.1] It is important to dispose of food waste safetly to avoid cross contamination- when the food is no longer going to be consumed it should be thrown away straight away. If we leave the unwanted food at home it can be a place where bacteria are able to thrive. Bacteria van be spread to other food that still can be consumed what causes a risk for human’s health. It is also important to dispose of food waste in a safe way to avoid pests at home. 2. Outline two ways in which you can dispose of food safely. [7. 2] a) Do not left food waste undercovered before throwing it away. Waste needs to be disposed of immediately b) Clean with water food containers and food packaging. This removes small bits of food that can facilitate bacteria growth. Now that you have completed all 7 Parts of this Assessment, go to www.vision2learn.com. Log in to the platform and send your Assessment to your tutor via your My Study page for marking. Good luck! © Creating Careers Ltd, 2015. All rights reserved.Page 1 of 16
UMKC How Has the Term Hacking Changed Meaning Over the Years Discussion Ques.
I’m working on a computer science writing question and need an explanation to help me learn.
Answer each these questions in a paragraph with at least five sentences: Include the question and number your responses accordingly. Provide a citation for each answer.1. With all the stories about millions and millions of bytes of personal data having been exposed, why is their still any faith at all in the Internet?2. How has the term hacking changed meaning over the years?3. What is the most dangerous hacker tool?4. From the news: How were NSA’s hacker tools compromised? 5. What was the vulnerability in the Target Breach?6. What do you think of hactivism?7. How did Stuxnet work? 8. What was the Arpanet?9. Deep brain stimulation is a treatment for Parkinson’s disease. Medical devices such as these are now becoming accessible through the web. Consider the dangers (threat surface)?10. What is the Red Team?
UMKC How Has the Term Hacking Changed Meaning Over the Years Discussion Ques
Reality Construct and Perception of Others Essay
According to Andriyenko (2010), culture refers to a set of principles, attitudes, and routines that a particular group of people identifies with. Therefore, culture shapes our communication, work, and other interactions (Hammond et al., n.d). The major aspects of one’s culture include language, religion, family customs, traditions, food, and mode of dressing (Hammond et al., n.d). On the other hand, reality construct is a sociological concept that explains how people perceive and present themselves in a social context (Connexions, n.d.). Consequently, reality construct dictates our culture. Therefore, individuals construct reality through the various dealings between them and others. Additionally, there is no better place for studying cultural interaction than in a business. This is because business practices are characterized by cultural attitudes. This essay presents an insight into reality construct and also explains how one’s construct helps define his perceptions of others. Reality construct occurs when people internalize realities related to their experiences (Wehr, n.d.). They later act in accordance with these realities. This happens regardless of whether all people are in agreement or not. However, the conflicting parties later work together in finding a middle ground. This turns their conflicting interests into a problem that can be solved. Reality is, therefore, constructed through interactions (Connexions, n.d.). Consequently, societies are constructed through human interactions (Connexions, n.d.). This is what is referred to as habituation (Connexions, n.d.). In this regard, any action that is repeated regularly becomes a pattern. This pattern is replicated again in the future. Understanding one’s culture starts with values learned from childhood (Andriyenko, 2010). For that reason, one’s culture is shaped by what he learns from society. A child is likely to repeat what he learns today in the future. The World Business Culture (n.d.) adds that how one is raised and trained to believe determines how he presents himself, perceives others, and how other people perceive him. In a nutshell, an individual’s perception of reality depends on his beliefs and background. Our beliefs and background constitute our culture. Therefore, culture shapes who we are. However, since other people created our cultures before us, we accept them as they are. This happens with little or no modifications to these cultures. For instance, my college appears like a college and not just a house because I and others have agreed so. Therefore, we construct reality by consensus. Likewise, cultures exist by consensus. For that reason, what is real must be socially acceptable (World Business Culture, n.d.). However, a person’s behavior can be shaped by constructing reality from a subjective angle (Connexions, n.d.). For instance, when a person is labeled an overachiever, he may end up being one. This happens regardless of whether the term was part of his character or not (Connexions, n.d.). Therefore, the successive definition of circumstances can greatly influence one’s construct. Sometimes, a false notion becomes true if acted upon. Diversity is one of the greatest gifts that God gave to man. Furthermore, the difference between one’s culture and other people’s cultures is just natural. It is worth noting that the social construction of reality forms the base of our society. For that reason, the true picture of our society is influenced by how we define it. In social psychology, the different mental processes that a person uses to form impressions of others constitute perception (Cherry, n.d). Similarly, how we perceive others influence our action towards them. People perceive other cultures from what they hear from the media and other people. This leads to stereotyping other people’s way of life. As a result, the correct description of these cultures is distorted. Therefore, understanding other people’s cultures helps one perceive others positively. Furthermore, our day to day activities is determined by our experiences and backgrounds (World Business Culture). Consequently, different people have different cultures. Therefore, we should accept the fact that other people are different from us. Accordingly, their construct differs from ours. We should, hence, respect their ways of life. One of the best arenas for observing culture in action is a business (Hooker, 2009). A business’s success is based on how well the manager and employee manage their constructs. Certain work environments might be comfortable to particular individuals, but not others. Additionally, certain management styles might be appropriate for some employees, but not others. For that reason, a manager should strive to balance his style with other people’s way of life. As a result, the manager will be able to get the best out of all employees. Reality is constructed through interactions (Connexions, n.d.). Additionally, any action that is repeated regularly becomes a behavior that is replicated by successive generations. Therefore, by constructing realities, people determine their cultures. Culture is important to a person because it dictates his daily interactions. This is because culture shapes an individual’s communication, work, and other interactions. However, one’s constructor culture should not infringe on other people’s life. This is because we are different, and diversity should be respected. References Andriyenko, A. (2010). Is identity shaped by culture? Web. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Connexions. (n.d.). Social constructions of reality. Web. Hammond, L.D., Austin, K., Lit, I., Nasir, N., Moll, L.
bus402 Just need a quick dicussion
custom essay bus402 Just need a quick dicussion. I’m studying and need help with a Management question to help me learn.
For this Interactive Assignment, you are going to look at the financial statements for the company you selected and, using the previous quarter’s financial data, interpret the data and propose a budget for the next Quarter based on your current and previous analysis of company performance. Complete the budget template using this Operating Budget Template:
List your current sales, discounts and allowances, net sales, margins, operating costs, and earning before and after taxes.
Choose a minimum of two financial ratios (below) and include in your analysis.
Prepare the next quarter’s budget based on your interpretation of past data.
Include at least two of the following types of relevant financial ratios in your analysis. Review the online article Analyze Investments Quickly With Ratios (Links to an external site.) (Elmerraji, 2017) and Chapter 5 in the Abraham’s textbook to help with this portion of the budget:
The Company I chose is Starbucks,
bus402 Just need a quick dicussion
HLS 350 Colorado Technical University Overview of the US Intelligence Cycle Discussion
HLS 350 Colorado Technical University Overview of the US Intelligence Cycle Discussion.
Unit 1 – Discussion Board 2 Running head: Overview of the U.S Intelligent Cycle Assignment Description Intelligence Failure You are an intelligence analyst for the Department of Homeland Security assigned to the Office of Intelligence and Analysis (DHS-OIA). In light of recent threats within the United States and increasing scrutiny and criticism regarding failures within the U.S. Intelligence Community, you have been asked by senior DHS executives to provide them with an overview of the intelligence cycle. In this overview, you are to specifically detail which phase in the cycle, in your opinion, would be most susceptible to an intelligence failure and why. In addition, you have been asked to provide recommendations based on your expert experience to prevent failures in that phase. Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas: Which phase of the intelligence cycle do you feel is most susceptible to an intelligence failure? Why? Be sure to justify your response with sufficient supporting research. Do you think the failures have been occurring for some time, or are they relatively new developments? Explain. What 2 recommendations can you make to the U.S. intelligence community that you feel may help in preventing those failures from occurring? Explain. How difficult would it be to implement your proposed solutions? Why? Which phase in the intelligence cycle do you think is the least susceptible to failure? Why? Strictly APA style of writing.Intext citation and references required!
HLS 350 Colorado Technical University Overview of the US Intelligence Cycle Discussion
View The adolescent brain video. Use rubric for your essay. This is your essay rubric: 1. Identify 3 claims
View The adolescent brain video. Use rubric for your essay. This is your essay rubric: 1. Identify 3 claims made in this video. 2. Identify 3 pieces of evidence that either support or refute those claims. Make sure you clearly state the part about support or refute. For example, if in the video you heard the claim that infants have depth perception at 3 months of age, then that would be an example of part 1. Then, you heard or saw some piece of evidence, for example, a study was discussed demonstrating a method to measure depth perception and it found babies appear to see depth at 3 months. That would be part 2. Please use paragraphs and correct grammar. Create a reference page citing the video. I also need at least 7 in-text citations of this video. https://www.ted.com/talks/sarah_jayne_blakemore_the_mysterious_workings_of_the_adolescent_brain?language=en