In order to deliver effective training, you need a plan. “Fail to plan, plan to fail.” This common saying is very true in the training environment. Research and identify five scholarly articles that address the best practices in the development of a lesson plan. Include these references in APA format as the last page of your summary. Based on your reading and research, summarize the information. A minimum of two typed pages, 12 pt font, double-spaced. Correct English composition is required. Be sure to address the following topics: History of lesson planning.What is a lesson plan? What content items should a lesson plan contain and why? Why is a lesson plan necessary for good training? Who uses lesson plans? When should a lesson plan be prepared? How does a lesson plan improve teaching and training?Why a pre-test assessment of knowledge is important. Why a post-test assessment of learning is important.
FGCU Lesson Plan Development in School Education Programs Discussion
Assignment 2: Johnson
Controls Capital InvestmentsDue
Week 9 and worth 450 points
Visit the Website of Johnson
Controls Inc., located at http://www.johnsoncontrols.com, and review its 2012 financial
forecasts. According to the forecasts, Johnson Controls will increase capital
investments to approximately $1.7 billion. More than 70% of the company’s
capital expenditures in 2012 are associated with growth and margin expansion
Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:
Suggest a methodology to supplement the traditional methods for evaluating
the capital investments of Johnson Controls in the emerging markets to reduce
risk providing a rationale of how risk will be reduced.
Assess the potential impact of inflation on planned capital investments in
China and examine approaches for an accurate evaluation of the investments.
Suggest how this knowledge may impact management’s decisions.Contrast the modifications you would make in evaluating the projects to
increase internal capacity in North America to evaluating expansion projects in
the global market and how this information will impact the decisions made
related to expansion.Examine the benefits of using sensitivity analysis in evaluating the
projects for Johnson Controls and how this approach can provide a competitive
advantage for the company.
Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment.
Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic
resources.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch
margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or
school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional
Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s
name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and
the reference page are not included in the required assignment page
length.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment
Plan and evaluate capital investments.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial
Write clearly and concisely about managerial accounting using proper writing
Johnson Controls Capital Investments
Informative Speech on the Benefits of Cooking As a Stress Reliever
Informative Speech on the Benefits of Cooking As a Stress Reliever. Help me study for my Communications class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.
I would just like someone to proofread my speech and make any changes that are felt to be necessary. My speech is spouse to be information so I cant have any type of persuasive in my speech. If you see any type persuading in my informative speech, please take of it. I also left 1 – C blank because I don’t know to write a goodwill. How I can relate it to my audience. My audience is a class of college students.
Informative Speech on the Benefits of Cooking As a Stress Reliever
Abortion Is A Sensitive Topic Philosophy Essay
research paper help When it comes to abortion there are many views but the two most fine choices are pro-life and pro-choice. A pro-choice supporter, believes that the decision to keep or kill a pregnancy is up to the mother to decide and that the state and government should not interfere with the decision or neglect this right to the mother. They also believe that if abortion was not legal that this would jeopardize the health of many of America’s women for they would have to unsafely abort in allies in other unsanitary places. In addition to this they argue that it would not be fair to make a woman give up her dreams and, that under the circumstances of a woman being sexually abused, to raise this unwanted child. To summarize basically, women are in control of their lives and bodies. They should be able to choose what to do with their pregnancy and have a legal and safe way of doing so. Rev. George Gardiner the pastor of the college Hill United Methodist Church argued in favor to this by saying that “Young women need the freedom to make choices for their reproductive life when their family can’t guarantee them parental support.” However, a “pro-life” supporter argues against that. They believe that once a fetus has been formed there is life, that it is a moral obligation of the people to preserve it and that abortion is indeed murder. Stephanie Gray, co-founder and executive director of the Canadian Centre for Bioethical Reform argues that, “the unborn should be protected in law because abortion is the violent killing of innocent human life”. Just like Gray “Pro-lifers” believe that pregnancy involves not just the life of the mother that’s carrying it but the life of the unborn child. Therefore, this choice is not up to the mother because there’s another life at stake than just her own by aborting the mother has chosen to kill a human life which is illegal. Abortion is also a horrible, horrible procedure to do for both the mother and the baby. There are many types of abortions. The first is one that is used through out the first trimester which is known as RU486, the “abortion pill”, it stops the flow of the hormone progesterone which is vital to the babies survival. Once this hormone is blocked the baby dies and in a week or so the mother passes the dead baby. Another is the Dilatation
Effectiveness of Xpert MTB/Rif on Smear Negative Samples
Effectiveness of Xpert MTB/Rif on smear negative samples tested by LED Fluorescence microscopy for rapid diagnostics of TB cases in Bihar Pratik kumar, Prashant Goswami, Mukesh Kumar, Rashmi Kumari, Syed K Abstract – The global priorities for tuberculosis (TB) control are to improve the case detection and to detect cases earlier. The evolution of newer diagnostic technologies for TB improves the case detection and early treatment initiation. RNTCP implements the newer LED fluorescence microscopy over the ZN based microscopy for direct sample testing, as it increases the sensitivity to about 10%. In our diagnostic algorithm, the smear positive specimen goes for LPA and smear negative goes for CBNAAT for further molecular DST. Due to the high sensitivity of CBNAAT over LPA for detection of MTB, it is used for smear negative samples. In the present study, we are estimating the TB cases detected by CBNAAT which was negative on LED fluorescence microscopy to ensure the requirement of a more costly method for enhanced case finding. In our study, we have tested 513 samples on CBNAAT which was smear negative by LED fluorescence microscopy. Out of 513 samples, 371 (72.31%) were found negative for MTBC, 108 (21.05%) were detected positive, out of which 83 (16.17) cases was detected rifampicin sensitive, 25 (4.87%) cases was detected rifampicin resistant. Rest 34 (6.62%) cases was in non conclusive results like invalid and error. This reflects that, by the use of CBNAAT the rapid detection of TB can be improved by 21%. Key words – Tuberculosis, RNTCP, Fluorescence microscopy, CBNAAT, MTBC Introduction – Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused predominantly by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, commonly transmitted by inhalation of infectious droplet nuclei. India accounts for one fourth of the global TB burden. The estimated prevalence is about 2.5 million. It has been observed that by the end of first few days of treatment, most of the actively dividing bacilli dies and chances of infection transmission rapidly reduced. So, the global priorities for tuberculosis (TB) control are to improve the case detection and to detect cases earlier. The evolution of newer diagnostic technologies for TB improves the case detection and early treatment initiation. In India, for a long time Ziel-Neelsen based microscopy was used for microbiological detection of TB patient. However, this technique needs 5000-10000 bacilli per ml for detection and bacilli load below this may leads to a negative result. A more sensitive technique was available, ie. Culture based test, but due to the long generation time of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, this method takes 3 to 4 weeks to yield positive result. As, culture was the only technique for drug susceptibility testing, it was not possible to early diagnose the drug resistance case microbiologically. In present, new techniques for rapid detection of TB cases are developed and implemented. This includes Fluorescence microscopy using Auramine o fluorescence dye, Nucleic Acid Amplification test (NAAT), Reverse hybridization based Line Probe Assay (LPA), Liquid culture and DST. Conventional fluorescence microscopy is more sensitive than Ziel-Neelsen technique and takes less time in reading slides , but its use has been limited by the high cost of mercury vapour light sources and need of a dark room. However, light emitting diode (LED) fluorescence microscopy has been developed to offer the benefits of fluorescence microscopy without the associated cost. It has been observed that Use of LED-FM significantly increased the proportion of smear positive cases among presumptive TB patients . WHO approves LED Fluorescence Microscopy as qualitative, operational and cost advantageous over both conventional fluorescence and Ziel-Neelsen microscopy. On the other hand, CBNAAT (Cartridge based nucleic acid amplification test), which is manufactured by Cepheid as Xpert MTB/Rif, was developed for rapid detection of Mtb and its molecular DST with rifampicin within 2 to 3 hours. It is a fully automated real time PCR based technique using molecular beacon probe. It was validated as a more sensitive technique than reverse hybridization based Line probe Assay (LPA). LPA was used for only smear positive specimen, but CBNAAT is recommended for both smear positive and negative specimen. Presently, under RNTCP, its use is recommended for diagnosis of DRTB (Drug Resistant TB) cases in presumptive DRTB patients and TB preferentially in key population such as Pediatrics, PLHIV and Extra pulmonary TB . It has been observed that using Xpert MTB/Rif assay can dramatically improve the rapid diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis and other types of extra pulmonary tuberculosis of HIV infected patients . According to the WHO policy update, LED microscopy showed 84% sensitivity and 98% specificity against culture as the reference standard. Xpert MTB/RIF achieved an overall pooled sensitivity of 88% and a pooled specificity of 99% when used as an initial diagnostics test, whereas when used as an add-on test following a negative smear-microscopy result, Xpert MTB/RIF yielded a pooled sensitivity of 68% and a pooled specificity of 99% . In our present work, we will study the effectiveness of Xpert MTB/Rif on smear negative samples tested by LED Fluorescence microscope. The research is based on the diagnostic algorithm under RNTCP and the lab works has been done at Intermediate Reference Laboratory, Patna, Bihar. Material and Method – The Presumptive MDR samples are received under Revised National TB Control Program for detection of drug resistant TB is used for the current study. We received samples from different districts of Bihar. Generally two sputum samples are taken for diagnostics. We prepared direct smears for all the samples and staining done by auramine staining method using recommended protocol. Air dry followed with heat fixing of slides were done before staining. Auramine staining – Flood the slide with filtered 0.1 % Auramine solution. Keep the staining reagent for at least 20 min, make sure that the smear area is continuously covered with Auramine by adding more if needed . Rinse with water and drain. Apply decolorizing solution, 0.5 % acid alcohol for 3 minutes. Gently rinse with water until the visible stain has been washed away and drained. Flood smear with 0.5 % KMnO4 for 1 minute. Time is critical because counter staining for longer time may quench the acid fast bacilli fluorescence. Gently rinse with water and drain. Air dry on a slide rack away from sunlight. If they are not read immediately place them in slide box. Use the objective 20x for focusing and read the slide using 40 x objectives. The slides were seen under LED fluorescence microscope. It is recommended to see at least 40 fields at 400x resolution to give a negative result. The smear negative samples tested by LED fluorescence microscopy were subjected to CBNAAT testing. Results and Discussion – Out of 513 samples, 371 (72.31%) were found negative for MTBC, 108 (21.05%) were detected positive, out of which 83 (16.17) cases was detected rifampicin sensitive, 25 (4.87%) cases was detected rifampicin resistant. Rest 34 (6.62%) cases was in non conclusive results like invalid and error. The study is based on the current diagnostic algorithm under RNTCP. It was observed that by using a costlier technique like Xpert MTB/Rif can increase the rapid case detection by 21% and hence plays important role in effective patient management and TB control. The comparisons of CBNAAT results with the conventional culture test will be the future prospects of research. Conclusion – The implementation of using CBNAAT on smear negative sample tested by LED FM improves the rapid case detection by more than 20%. Before implementation of this technique, culture was done on smear negative presumptive TB cases, which takes more time for detection and hence cause delay in treatment initiation. By using Xpert MTB/Rif, these cases can be detected earlier and treatment can be initiated accordingly. References –  WHO Policy Statement, Fluorescent light-emitting diode (LED) microscopy for diagnosis of tuberculosis, 2011, 6.  LW Reza, S Satyanarayna, DA Enarson, AMV Kumar, K Sagili, et al, PLoS ONE, 2013,8(10),  Revised National TB Control Programme, Technical and Operational Guigelines for Tuberculosis Control in India, 2016, 14.  GA Uria, JM Azcona, M Midde, PK Naik, S Reddy, R Reddy, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Tuberculosis Research and Treatment, 2012,1.  Automated real-time nucleic acid amplification technology for rapid and simultaneous detection of tuberculosis and rifampicin resistance: Xpert MTB/RIF assay for the diagnosis of pulmonary and extrapulmonary TB in adults and children, Policy update, WHO, 2013, 8.
Analyzing the results of research studies.
Analyzing the results of research studies..
This discussion task is designed to help you analyze some research studies on the topic on which you will be writing WA #3.To complete this task, you find three articles through UMUC’s OneSearch that report on research studies. Many scholarly articles are actually reports of the findings of a research study. For this reason it should not be difficult to find three such articles. For example, if your topic is teleworking (which is a very general topic), you could easily find three studies on teleworking. If your topic is white-collar crime, you could find three studies on the very general topic of white-collar crime.After you find your three articles, please read over the three articles and complete the following for each one:list the source in APA formatlist key terms in the articledescribe the focus of the studydescribe the methodology the author usedsummarize the study’s findingswrite your reflections on the article itself. Comment on whether you found the study difficult to interpret, whether you understood the methodology, or other items that might be of interest to your fellow classmates.This task will help you become more familiar with finding research studies on your topic, reading them over, gleaning the main points of them, and summarizing their findings. These skills will be helpful as you continue to research for WA#3.ThanksHere are lots of resources to help students understand the Literature Review. Please browse these resources and then complete the discussion post below.the article by Ted Zorn and Nittaya Campbell, “Improving the Writing of Literature Reviews through Literature Integration Exercise” — this article is available in the e-reserves section of this class. To access the article, please take the following steps:click Contentselect Class Resourcesselect eReservesselect the icon for eReserves in the middle of your page.in the list of items that appears, locate this article and download it.the tutorial from The University of North Carolina on writing literature reviews. It is linked to at the top of the Content for this week.the tutorial from UMUC’s Effective Writing Center on writing the literature review. It is linked to at the top of the Content for this week.Task:After reviewing the material on the Literature Review posted above, please return to your annotated bibliography and begin developing”categories” to help you to organize your sources. Post one category below and list several sources that might fill that category. Remember that some sources may fall into more than one category. Please feel free to post questions or concerns because your instructor wants to help you.You can use a “ Spider Diagram” to help you to structure your discussion of sources in The Literature Review as well as to brainstorm the niches and gaps in the research literature. A spider diagram is a visual tool usually used for planning your writing. However, you can also use it for evaluating and thinking about a topic in detail.Print out your Literature Review notes and grab a blank piece of paper.For more information on the Spider Diagram, please visit the link at the top of this week’s Content, Spider Diagrams: How and Why They Work.Task :Write your idea/title/topic/thesis in the center of a piece of paper. Draw a circle around it. For the purposes of this exercise, you will use the topic of your Literature Review.Draw a “leg” from the central “body” of your Literature Review topic towards the top right hand corner of the page. Label this “leg” with the first topic/category that you dealt with in your Review.Add more legs moving clockwise around the page until all the sections have been included, with the final one being somewhere near the top left of the page.Now divide each “leg” up into smaller “legs” with all the points that you made in each section. (Again work clockwise from the top left so that the sequence of ideas is maintained).Finally, please be sure that one section is devoted to identifying any gaps or niches in the research literature in your synthesis of sources essay (literature review), or WA#3.You may have to redraw your spider diagram several times until you find a structure that works for you. Make sure that you find a proposal structure that suits the needs of your Niches and Gaps paper. Please post your spider diagram below.Respond to this discussion topic with one paragraph describing how this task might have helped you or why it did not help you in organizing your thoughts for WA#3.This week , you are reading four movie reviews of the movie Steve Jobs. The reviews are from Ann Hornaday, Rex Reed, Benjamin Lee, and Anthony Lane.After perusing the four movie reviews, please complete the following tasks:The four reviewers do not agree on their evaluation of the acting in the film.1. First, analyze all four reviewers and, for each reviewer, write at least one summary sentence describing what the review says about the acting in the film. In addition, for each reviewer, quote the reviewer at least one time to demonstrate the sentiment he or she expresses about the acting.Ann Hornaday-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Rex Reed-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Benjamin Lee-Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:Anthony Lane -Summary statement:Quote from this reviewer to support the summary statement:2. Then, write three or four short paragraphs that synthesize all four reviewers and the points they make on the acting in the film. Remember, when synthesizing, you don’t simply list what each author says about the topic. You write about the issue of acting in the film and integrate the points of all four reviewers into that analysis.You could group authors into categories, if possible. For example, consider the reviewers that tend to praise the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Then consider the reviewers that did not like the acting and write about them in a paragraph or two. Following this analysis, you might write a concluding paragraph that summarizes all four reviewers’ views on the acting.This discussion thread is designed to help you see how a synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.Please download the article, “Beyond Frequency: Perceived Realism and the CSI Effect,” by Evelyn Maeder and Richard Corbett. The article is available in the e-reserves of your class.On pages 84-85, the authors provide an introduction to the research study they conducted. You can read this section if you would like to. However, for this discussion thread, please read from page 85 “(“The CSI effect defined”) to page 94 (up to the section entitled “Method”).Then answer the following questions:1. In the first section (“The CSI effect defined”), do the authors ever give you their opinion on the CSI effect? How do they support their definition and their expansion on the definition? How many different sources do they cite in this section?2. From pages 86-88, the authors discuss lawyers, police officers, judges, and community members. In this section, do the authors ever give you their opinion on any of the issues discussed?3. Examine the section entitled “Verdicts” (pp. 90-92). How do the results from the study by Shelton et al. differ from the results of the study by Kim, Barak, and Shelton? How do the results of the study by Baskin and Sommers differ from the results of other studies?4. As a result of having read this article, please write a few sentences about what you might have learned about a) synthesizing sources or b) the CSI effect.This discussion thread is designed to further help you see how a synthesis of sources essay, or literature review, is organized.Please download the sample literature from the 100-level psychology class.Please note that this literature review is more informal than the one on the CSI effect by Maeder and Corbett that you read last week. You will notice a level of informality in its tone and language. In addition, it is not perfect in its synthesis of sources. Moreover, the author cites only six sources throughout the review. Overall, this is a literature review written for a 100-level class. Please keep in mind that you literature review might not be as sophisticated as the one by Maeder and Corbett. Nonetheless, it provides a helpful demonstration of how one can analyze studies, synthesize sources, and divide a review into categories.Please answer the following questions:1. In the introduction, what is the thesis statement for this paper?2. In the section entitled “Influence of Mood on Eating Behavior,” does the writer ever give her own opinion? If you think so, point out where she does.In this section, the author mentions limits to the study by Oliver and Wardle. What are the limits of this study, according to the writer?3. Throughout the paper, does the author ever advocate for programs or other steps to be taken for the problem she describes in the paper?4. In the section “Influence of Eating Behavior on Later Moods,” the writer cites only one source. If you were to give her advice on this section, what advice might you give her to help her develop it more effectively? Feel free to search in the library databases for articles on this topic or to suggest key words for her to search on.5. As a result of having read this article, please write a few sentences about what you might have learned about synthesizing sources.We are now in our final week of class. This discussion thread is designed to help you focus your thoughts for WA #4 and to share your points with your fellow classmates.As you prepare to write WA #4, the short essay describing gaps and unanswered questions, please respond to this thread with the following:Share you gaps and unanswered questions that you plan to write about for WA #4.You can write a short paragraph to share your points.Thanks
Analyzing the results of research studies.
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