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Federal Government Shutdown of 2013: Causes and Effects

Government Shutdown 2013: What Happened? Abstract This paper will examine the federal government shutdown of 2013 it’s causes and effects, the perpetrators, and the lasting ramifications present today. With another government shutdown always on the rise in American politics, it’s important to analyze the ramifications and foundations for a shutdown. The drafting of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) created a toxic political environment resulting in Tea Party members insisting on a government shutdown to “work out” the kinks of Obamacare and democratic congressman being defiant in protecting the signature Obama era legislation. More than Democrats, Republicans were negatively affected by the shutdown including most of the United States putting blame on solely Republicans or a combination of both parties. The shutdown directly and indirectly affected many Americans for more than weeks and costed the U.S. billions of dollars. It is hoped that this will help America learn from its mistakes and not opt into another government shutdown yet again. Keywords: Republicans, Democrats, Obamacare, insistent, shutdown From October 1 through the 16th of 2013 the United States federal government shutdown as neither legislature appropriated funds for the following fiscal year of 2014. Regular working government resumed October 17 due to an interim appropriations bill being signed into law. During the shutdown, roughly 800,000 federal employees were furloughed for an undetermined period of time. Plus, an addition 1.3 million employees were required to report to work without knowing when they were to be paid. The shutdown lasted 16 days and was the third longest government shutdown in U.S. history, behind the 1978 18-day shutdown and the 1995-1996 21-day shutdown. The financial backup was created when the two chambers of congress were not successful in agreeing to appropriate funds for the government. Congress failed to come to an agreement on a budget after Republican lawmakers in the House of Representatives began pushing to defund the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act also known as Obamacare. Unsurprisingly, the senate led by the Democrats, and the Obama administration rejected the propositions and the dead lock led to the government shutdown. Congress has a key duty enamored in the Constitution, to pass spending bills that fund the government. If it doesn’t, most functions of the government halt; services like Social Security, air traffic control and active military pay will be funded. Let’s not forget that Congress gets paid too during government shutdowns (Yan, 2013). The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act requires all Americans to have health insurance. Republicans said it would hurt small business employers and overreach of the federal government. The democrats defense in a nutshell, is that the law will expand access to healthcare to a majority of Americans and help stifle the rising costs of Healthcare coverage. Proponents also voice that those with health insurance will no longer have to indirectly pay for those people who end up in emergency rooms uninsured. This toxic mix of differing opinions led to Congress creating a funding gap for the federal government. The Tea Party and the Heritage Action for America used Obamacare as a bargaining chip to fund the government. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act isn’t directly connected in funding the government. However, the group of Republicans, most notably led my infamous Tea Partier Ted Cruz of Texas were insistent that Obamacare was so bad for the country that it was worth shutting the government down. On the other side, Democrats were insistent that Obamacare would remain the law of the land and were not going to hear dissenting opinions on the matter. Key players are as follows, not in any particular order of importance: John Boehner, Harry Reid, Eric Cantor, Barack Obama, Ted Cruz, Nancy Pelosi, and Mitch McConnell. Isn’t it funny how the names haven’t changed all that much from 2013. It’s almost as if America doesn’t learn its lessons from year to year. John Boehner was the Speaker of the House of the U.S. Representatives and led the republican opposition along with the majority leader Eric Cantor in the House. Championing the Democratic cause in the House was minority leader, Nancy Pelosi, yet there was little she could have done with such a big Republican majority. On the other side of the 113th Congress was majority leader in the Senate Harry Reid defending Obamacare, with opposition coming most notably from Ted Cruz and his superior Mitch McConnell. And let’s not forget the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act’s father, Barack Obama. He was not about to let his first domestic landmark piece of legislation be picked apart by Republicans in Congress. In short, the Republicans in the House and Senate wanted to kill or seriously dismantle Obamacare. It was not tied in any way to funding the government but they thought of it as a way to bargain with Democrats. Republicans assumed (incorrectly however) that if Democrats wanted to keep funding the government they would give some political power to the Republicans by means of disassembling Obamacare; seeing as Democrats did not control both houses of congress. However, Obamacare was not repealed. Obamacare was not defunded. Obamacare was not delayed. The individual mandate was not delayed. The medical-device tax was not repealed. The health-insurance subsidies given to members of Congress and their staffs was not taken away. What the Republicans did however get was their poll numbers tanking, and a big portion of their base being ticked off, most notably the elderly and veterans. And in my opinion, seriously hurt Ted Cruz’s hopes of sweeping the nomination for the Republic nominee in the 2016 Republican presidential primary. Nevertheless, during the 2014 midterms, Republicans gained 9 seats in the senate and 13 in the House. Democrats wanted what they needed to accomplish to keep the government running. They wanted to further fund the government, increase the debt ceiling and keep the fundamental promises of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Rather than trying to pass one continuing resolution to fund the government. Republicans in the House tried a strategy of “piece-mealing” bills to fund national parks, museums, the National Institute of Health, the city of Washington D.C., Department of Veterans Affairs, WIC, and FEMA. In 16 days, the U.S. House of Representatives passed 10 bills to partially fund different portions of the federal government. These bills were opposed by congressional Democrats and ignored by the Senate in favor of passing one full resolution (Kasperowicz, 2013). In a Fox News poll conducted during the first two days of the shutdown, 42% of registered voters blamed Republicans for the shutdown (17% blamed ‘Republican leaders’ and 25% blamed ‘Tea Party Republicans such as Ted Cruz’); while 32% blamed Democrats (24% blamed ‘President Obama’ and 8% blamed ‘Democratic leaders’). The rest, 20%, said all sides were to blame (Clements, 2013). In addition, according to the NBC/Wall Street Journal poll, Republican efforts to defund or delay the Affordable Care Act through a government shutdown had caused an increase in popular approval of the law, from 31%, just before the shutdown, to 38% (Ungar, 2013). If only the Republicans could have predicted the future, they might have been more apt to avoid the shutdown; especially knowing now that the popularity of Obamacare went up a whopping 7 points. With the shutdown, Obamacare’s public polling has only increased, maybe without the shutdown, Republicans would have had more luck trying to “repeal and replace” the current law in 2017. The White House estimated that a one week shutdown would cost the United States economy $10 billion. People directly affected by the shutdown were the 800,000 federal employees furloughed indefinitely, and the millions of “reserve components of the Armed Forces.” Including the Army National Guard, Army Reserve, Navy Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve, and Coast Guard Reserve (Michaels, 2013). Those indirectly affected by the government shutdown including those businesses that rely heavily of government employee’s dollars. Especially any business running in Washington D.C. Native Americans were big losers during the shutdown. Although the Bureau of Indian Affairs continued to run programs during the shutdown that were considered essential, including police services and firefighting. It stopped funding tribal governments as well as many programs and services that provide necessary support for impoverished reservations (Frosch, 2013). The cuts closed programs that provided income, medical care, food, transportation, and foster care to communities. In my opinion, America has a long way to go from learning from its mistakes. Looking at the leadership in Congress than versus now, it hasn’t changed all that much, and maybe that’s the problem. Congress and to be honest, most Americans, know nothing of compromise. We are just on a never-ending cycle of one administration in power implementing programs and dismantling programs from the previous administration, and so on. We have a culture of “my way or the highway.” And maybe it’s American tenacity… or just plain stubbornness. References Barro, J. (2013, September 17). Ted Cruz Is Making Life Miserable For House Republicans. Retrieved October 12, 2017, from Clement, S. (2013, October 04). Republicans are losing the shutdown blame game. Retrieved October 13, 2017, from Frosch, D. (2013, October 13). Pulling Aid Away, Shutdown Deepens Indians’ Distress. Retrieved November 26, 2017, from Kasperowicz, P. (2016, February 04). Monday: Government shutdown enters second week. Retrieved October 13, 2017, from Michaels, J. (2013, October 01). Government shutdown has impact on military bases. Retrieved October 14, 2017, from Ungar, R. (2013, October 11). Boomerang! Poll Reveals GOP’s Government Shutdown Bolstered Obamacare’s Popularity By 20%. Retrieved October 12, 2017, from Yan, H. (2013, October 01). Government shutdown: What you need to know – CNNPolitics. Retrieved October 12, 2017, from
Is shale gas development responsible for increased seismic activity? 1. Introduction In recent years, shale gas has become the notorious poster child of the fossil fuel industry (Sovacool, 2014). Proponents tout it as being the answer to current energy needs given that it is available in abundance and has a lower carbon footprint than other fossil fuels e.g. coal and oil (Sovacool, 2014). Contrary to this, opponents have a firm stance against shale gas development, having concerns about its environmental impact. Shale gas has come under fire once again as a link between fracking and earthquakes has stirred up public emotions (Walsh, 2014). There has been a dramatic increase in the number of seismic events in the central and eastern regions of the United States. The US has seen over 300 earthquakes of magnitude 3.0 on the Richter scale over a period of three years (2010 to 2012) in comparison to an average of 21 events per year over the last three decades (Ellsworth, 2013). In several states such as Oklahoma, Colorado, Texas, Arkansas and Ohio these increased seismic events have been linked to underground injection of waste water from shale gas developments (Ellsworth, 2013). In the United Kingdom hydraulic fracturing at Preese Hall near Blackpool has been linked to two earthquakes of magnitude 2.3 and 1.5 on the Richter scale (Green, Styles
Political Science homework help. P‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌lease read:, Excerpts from The Book of Genesis (1-3, 6-8, 22). Compare the flood stories in “Epic of Gilgamesh” and “Creating, Destroying, and Renewing the Worl‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌d: Genesis Chapter 1-8” and write a discussion post answering the following questions.,P‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌lease read: Excerpts from The Book of Genesis (1-3, 6-8, 22),P‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌lease read: Excerpts from The Book of Genesis (1-3, 6-8, 22), “The Flood Story” from The Epic of Gilgamesh, Compare the flood stories in “Epic of Gilgamesh” and “Creating, Destroying, and Renewing the Worl‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌d: Genesis Chapter 1-8” and write a discussion post answering the following questions.,1. What specific similarities between the two stories were you able to find?,2. What might account for these similarities? Make sure that your post begins with a sentence which clearly states your main argument, and that it refers to specific evidence from the sources in order to support that ‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‌‌‌‍‍‍‌argument.,More details;,GENESIS 1 – THE ACCOUNT OF GOD’S CREATION,A. Thoughts to begin with as we study the Bible.,1. We come to the Bible knowing there is a God.,a. There are many good and strong philosophical and logical reasons to believe in God. Yet the Bible does not make elaborate arguments for the existence of God. However, it does tell us how we can know God exists.,b. The Bible tells us we can know God exists because of what we see in the created world.,i. ,Psalm 19:1-4, explains this: ,The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament shows His handiwork. Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night reveals knowledge. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Their line has gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world.,ii. ,Romans 1:20, also explains: ,For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse.,c. This is an example of the ,teleological, argument for the existence of God. It is the understanding that there must be a purposeful intelligence that created this world because the world shows both purpose and intelligence. In the view of many (including the author), this argument from purpose and design remains unanswered by the atheist or the agnostic., ,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Political Science homework help

HMSV 8218 Capella Advanced Data Analytics &program Evaluation in Human Services PPT

HMSV 8218 Capella Advanced Data Analytics &program Evaluation in Human Services PPT.

Data Analysis Report Stakeholder Presentation FeedbackIt is common to provide your stakeholders with both an extensive report as well as a brief audiovisual (5–7 minute) overview presentation of the report’s highlights. In this discussion, you will have a chance to receive peer feedback to improve your data analysis stakeholder 10–12 slides presentation that you will submit as a part of your unit 9 assignment. Use PowerPoint (or similar software) and Kaltura (or similar software) to record your voice with the slides.Include the following in the presentation:Present the identified area of focus for the community problem stating why it is important to receive funding.Utilize clear charts or graphs to explain the important data that adds value to your investment request.Explain how you evaluated the data and mention any issues with the data accuracy, completeness, timeliness, or accessibility.Propose your recommended course of action and rationale for the change.Include a reference page at the end of the presentation.Discussion Post Submission RequirementsPost the Kaltura link to your presentation as well as a transcript so that your presentation is accessible to everyone.For any recording created or uploaded with Kaltura media, closed captioning is automatically generated within one day after you post a recording, but the captions alone may not be sufficient. To ensure accessibility to everyone, include the transcript of your presentation as an attachment to the activity.Write a note in the discussion in addition to posting your video. This can be as simple as, “Please view my audio or visual presentation.”
HMSV 8218 Capella Advanced Data Analytics &program Evaluation in Human Services PPT

Wal-Mart Sustainability and Responsible Reflective Essay

help me with my homework Sustainability and responsible practices have been gaining more and more popularity over the last years. They are especially popular in the sphere of business. Today, sustainable business making is embraced and by all large corporations who regularly emphasize and comment on their innovative approach towards waste, eco-friendly production, closed-loop supply chain and sustainable distribution. The importance of sustainability is often discussed within food and beverage, packaging and delivery, transportation and digital technology industries. Sustainability used to be ignored in the past as a costly practice, but the contemporary business makers have learned how to turn it into an advantage. Closed-loop supply chain focuses on the life cycle of a product and maximization of the created value (“The Evolution” 10). The sustainability of closed-loop supply chains are in the integration of all activities and accurate management of operations (“The Challenge” 3). In my opinion, closed-loop supply chain does not create much value, yet, as shown by Guide and Van Wassenhove, it allows attracting two types of customers (those who purchase new product and the remanufacturing clients) and making a business profitable for a larger number of consumers (Business Aspects 19-23). Collaboration contributes significantly to sustainable and responsible supply chain activities. For example, as discussed by Plambeck and Denend, in order to “green” its supply chain Wal-Mart collaborates with several environmental organizations and suppliers regarding seafood production (21). I noticed that this collaboration is also beneficial for the consumers who have become more interested in the way a product travels before getting to their tables. To provide the consumers with such information many stores and restaurants have started to add the information about the sources of food products to the menus, labels and packaging. Responsibility does not only concern the relationships between the vendors and the consumers; it also includes the interactions between the suppliers and their peers. This is why fair trade movement has entered the world of business relations. Fair trade has a goal to provide equal benefits for workers, farmers, advantages for the environment and for business makers (McKone-Sweet 51. Today there are more and more concerns about the changes within fair trade that start to be more money-oriented forcing smaller farms and producers out of the chain and including large plantations with doubtful approaches towards sustainability. Another approach towards sustainability in business is based on the creation of lean supply chains. Such chains are focused on process optimization and the reduction of waste in operations and products (Vitasek et al. 40). In my opinion, the lean supply chain approach carries many positive aspects. I believe that if my organization adopted lean strategies this would reduce the rates of turnover and burnout among the employee, because the managers would start to treat workers as a valuable resource and engage in more responsible hiring and retention practices. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More In conclusion, when it comes to my organization, the adoption green and sustainable supply chain activities would lead to massive re-organization of the whole business process, and this is why the leaders are reluctant to start such a huge change that needs to affect some of the core business practices. In general, I think that the responsible attitude towards sustainability among the contemporary businesses will result in a variety of positive effects such as preservation of natural resources, optimization of business practices and time management, collaboration and integration of all stages of the supply chain. Works Cited Guide, V. Daniel R., and Luk N. Van Wassenhove. Business Aspects of Closed-Loop Supply Chains. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Mellon University Press, 2003. Print Guide, V. Daniel R., and Luk N. Van Wassenhove. “OR FORUM—The Evolution Of Closed-Loop Supply Chain Research.” Operations Research 57.1 (2009): 10-18. Print. Guide, V. Daniel R., Terry P. Harrison, and Luk N. Van Wassenhove. “The Challenge of Closed-Loop Supply Chains.” Interfaces 33.6 (2003): 3-6. Print. McKone-Sweet, Kathleen E. “Lessons from a coffee supply chain.” Supply Chain Management Review 8.7 (2004): 52-50. Print. Plambeck, E. and Lyn Denend. “The Greening of Wal-Mart’s Supply Chain.” Supply Chain Management Review 11.5 (2007): 18-25. Vitasek, Kate, Karl B. Manrodt, and Jeff Abbott. What Makes a Lean Supply Chain. Supply Chain Management Review 10.1 (2005): 39-45. We will write a custom Essay on Wal-Mart Sustainability and Responsible specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

Factors Affecting Emergency Planning & Hurricanes Emergency Preparedness Plan Discussion

Factors Affecting Emergency Planning & Hurricanes Emergency Preparedness Plan Discussion.

Db1Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas:Often, during times of emergency, there are personnel issues that interfere with expeditious resolution of the problem. What examples of those issues can you identify? Explain.How significant are the examples that you have identified? Why?How can the identified issues derail the execution of even the most well-planned emergency response? Explain in detail.What can you recommend to avoid these personnel issues and circumstances that interfere with resolution of an emergency? Explain. What do you think is the scope of your recommendations? Explain.Who will be impacted the least? Why?What areas of infrastructure do you think can be designated as potential areas of conflict during an emergency? Why?In your own opinion, how much of an impact do you think interagency jealousies and disputes have on the emergency response planning process? Explain.What role, if any, should the private sector have in emergency response planning? Explain. Should members of the private sector have any authority in the planning process? Why or why not?Individual Assignment 1Assignment GuidelinesResearch your local community and state emergency preparedness plan(s) and then complete an assessment paper.Address the following in 2-3 pages: Emergency Preparedness Plan Assessment TitleSynopsisExecutive summaryIntroductionDetailsSummaryConclusionRecommendations Next, create a scenario of a potential emergency situation for your locality. You may select from the following: Major fireInfrastructure failureFloodingDisease epidemicTerrorist attack (Casualties > 200)Terrorist attack (Casualties < 20)EarthquakeHurricaneFreezing rain Next create a written plan following the prescribed emergency management rubric above. You must address the above plan sections for your fictional scenario. Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.
Factors Affecting Emergency Planning & Hurricanes Emergency Preparedness Plan Discussion

MRCH 2760 FIDM Gradebook and Sales Inventory Planning Worksheet

MRCH 2760 FIDM Gradebook and Sales Inventory Planning Worksheet.

Objective:Create a gradebook using Microsoft Excel® so that when data is entered the worksheet performs the necessary calculations, displays the calculated final grade and includes a dashboard. Workbook must have a different layout than your MRCH.1950 gradebook file.purpose:This challenge will provide you with the opportunity to keep track of your grades using Excel®. Our class grades are weighted and this spreadsheet will require applying the the Excel® skills acquired in MRCH.150 and enhanced by skills developed this quarter.This spreadsheet is not your official gradebook, so grades missing from Canvas garadebook at the time of assignment submission are not required, but the spreadsheet still needs to have proper formulas present so when the data is entered, the spreadsheet calculates.What matters is that your spreadsheet meets the following criteria.Criteria:Begin with a new workbook and name the sheet (tab) MRCH2760. Use the gradebook located in the class eLearning site for all required spreadsheet data. Step 1: Plan the spreadsheetLook ahead while planning where in the spreadsheet to input dataReview the assignment completely and the resources requiredSketch out how you see the data organized Keep in mind how data is best grouped to create charts and graphs (linking and consolidation of data should be used here)Step 2: Input dataInput data from Canvas Gradebook.Assignments will take you to the list of gradebook categories, their weight percent, and all course gradebook itemsInclude:Category titlesCategory percent weightsTitle of each item organized by categoryPoints earned for each item with a labeled total for each categoryPoints possible for each item with a labeled total for each categoryStep 3: FormattingFormat your gradebook to best display the data (easy to read and pleasing to the eye). Keep in mind the requirements of the entire assignment when formatting.The following formatting tools must be used appropriately within the spreadsheet design BoardersFill cellsBold (ctrl + B) or Italic (ctrl + I) or Underline (ctrl + u) (ctrl on PC = COMMAND on Mac)Cells are formatted to percent where percents need to be displayed with two decimal placesNOTE: For cell reference to work in formula or function, a cell must hold numbers only. No words or signs such as $, %, &< etc. in the cellStep 4: Formulas & Functions Create formulas and use functions to calculate your grade for WEIGHTED CATEGORIES (math directions below)Conditional FormattingCell reference must be used in formulas and functionsAbsolute cell reference must be used appropriately where/if neededAutoSum must be used appropriately where/if neededAdd functions: AVERAGE, MINIMUM, MAXIMUM of points earned for each categoryMath Instructions for Weighted Grades:For this course your course grade is weighted by category.Here is how the math goes for your Weighted Gradebook.Sum the total points earned for each categorySum total points possible for each categoryCalculate the CATEGORY POINTS PERCENT; Divide the total category points earned by the total category points possibleCalculate the WEIGHTED CATEGORY PERCENT CONTRIBUTION; Multiply the product of step 3 by the category weight percentRepeat steps 3-7 for each gradebook categoryCalculate the TOTAL COURSE GRADE; Sum up the weighted category percent for each categoryStep 5: Dashboard of KPIsThink of a car. The dashboard displays the status of the key information needed by the driver to operate the car.This is the same for our Gradebook!Your dashboard should display charts that communicate the key information concerning your grade/performance in the course. Also, it needs to be linked to the data on your gradebook page. Module 5 of the Introductory course textbook explains consolidating data in Excel. In business, Dashboards provide the visual communication of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). Instead of sales numbers, or inventory counts and value, or clicks on the new marketing campaign from all marketing channels, grades are the data used to monitor performance for our course.What do you want to monitor as a KPI in order to reach the goal of getting the most from the course? The goal of your Dashboard is to tell the story of your data – we usually call this analyzing data.Each chart used within your dashboard is a visual display of the data analysis. DASHBOARD reports have THREE layers:Data (like a table, Textbook Module 7 & 8)Analysis of the data (formulas and functions applied to data transforming the data into information)Presentation or visual display and organization of the report (your charts)Remember in MRCH.1950 where we created the two small data sets to analyzed the greadebook data?They were the Min, Max, Ave data set and the Final Grade data set displaying and calculating your final grade.These two parts of the MRCH.1950 gradebook are the data analysis layer of the gradebook. The data portion are the gradebook item names, points earned, and points possible.DASHBOARD VIDEO:Evaluation (see rubric):When working on course assignments your number one priority is following directions, this is what you will be graded on. Following directions will achieve the SLOs.✏️ Student Learning OutcomesDemonstrate competency in using spreadsheet technology (Excel) entering appropriate retail math formulas.Exhibit strong information literacy skills by looking up values in a table.Show expertise in planning and executing a macro to maintain table data.Demonstrate technical proficiency by enhancing charts to improve the user’s understating of the information displayed.Combine strong critical thinking skills with information literacy by using the data in PivotTables to make decisions.
MRCH 2760 FIDM Gradebook and Sales Inventory Planning Worksheet

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