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Fast Food Advertising On Purchasing Behaviour In Mauritius Marketing Essay

Advertisements form a fast growing industry in modern societies. In the past fifty years, advertisements have become an inseparable part of consumers’ lives. Advertising is part of our home environment. On the sauce bottle at the breakfast table, in the news papers, on hoardings at the road side, on the sides of buses and trains, in shop windows – everywhere we look the advertisers bombard us with their messages in an attempt to persuade us to buy goods or services. Advertising exists in various market systems and the way it affects the receivers varies from system to system. Advertisements are fundamental in marketing because of its role in affecting the behaviour of consumers. Consumers rely on information about the products and services to arrive at rational purchase decisions. Information about price, quality and other product attributes enables buyers to utilize their income or wealth by finding the product whose mix of price and quality they most prefer (Beasles et al.,1981). Inevitably, marketers have to utilize marketing tools (e.g., television advertisements) to disseminate information about their products to influence their respective consumers’ decision processes. The post- war economic boom which began in the 1950s saw a huge increase in advertising activity. Advertising has been introduced to every sphere of society including arts, culture, sport, fashion and fast food. It is, quite simply, everywhere: “We cannot walk down the street, shop, watch television, go through our mail, log on the internet, read a newspaper or take a train without encountering it. Whether we are alone, with our friends or family, or in a crowd, advertising is always with us, if only on the label of something we are using, advertising is everywhere.” (Cook 2001:1). Nowadays, advertising is also present in the fast food industry. Different fast food shop makes use of heavy advertising to sell their product to different age group of people. Around the world the United States is perhaps best known for its numerous and successful fast-food advertsiments. An analysis of 2001 advertising spending found that US companies spent $3.5 billion on fast-food advertisements (Welch G, 2003). The fast food culture becomes a part of people’s lives and advertisements affect consumer behaviours and attitudes in general public. Organic food consumption is one of several new trends in eating read as active opposition to industrialized food provision. Hundreds of millions of people buy fast food every day without giving it much thought, unaware of the subtle and not so subtle ramifications of their purchases. They rarely consider where this food came from, how it was made, what it is doing to the community around them. They just grab their tray off the counter, find a table, take a seat, unwrap the paper, and dig in. They should know what really lurks behind those sesame-seed buns. As the old saying goes: “You are what you eat.” (From the introduction to Fast Food Nation, Schlosser 2001: 10). As the food environment has changed to increase food availability, there has also been a dramatic change in exposure to messages that encourage food consumption. Television has been cited as a contributing factor to higher dietary energy or fat intake (Hill, 1998). Exposure to food advertising, especially commercials for fast food or convenience foods, may influence viewers’ food choices toward higher-fat or higher-energy foods (Durant Hr 1994). Importantly, there is evidence of behavioural implications of exposure to food advertising. Consumption of advertised foods is higher than consumption of foods that are not advertised (Jeffery RW, 1998). The advertising of fast food has not only targeted the elderly but it has a major influence on children as well. The authors of several large-scale literature reviews have concluded that exposure to food marketing affects children’s food preferences and eating behaviour (Hastings et al. 2003). Similarly, Hasting et al.(2003) stated that food marketing “can and is having an effect on children, particularly in the areas of food preferences, purchase behaviour and consumption.” In the United Kingdom, the Children’s Food Bill is intended to highly regulate the advertising of such food aimed at children,[8] and many other countries are looking to introduce strict limitations on fast food advertising (Children’s food bill).Talks between the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and the fast food companies were initiated to work together in an effort to improve children’s diets, though Burger King withdrew from the discussions (leake Jonathan). In Sweden all advertising aimed at the under-12 is banned, including fast food adverts. The fast food phenomenon has not spared Mauritius either. With the existence of fast food restaurant like Mc Donald’s, Kentucky Fried Chicken(KFC), Pizza Hut, Debonair, Steers and the recent Nandos which are well-known for selling simple, pre-prepared meals of food such as hamburgers and French fries. The reasons why people have turned to fast food are numerous. Many people in this modern day are quite busy which causes them to choose a one minute prepared meal instead of twenty minute meal. The speed of getting your meal prepared and served is very fast. So the great convenience of eating in or taking out at a fast food joint is one great contribution to the fast food phenomena’s success. Moreover, for some people, eating such food is quite enjoyable because it is quite delicious even if it greasy and fattening. In other words the feelings and enjoyment of eating fast food is a great contribution to fast food’s growth and success. Problem Definition Following the above discussion, the problem which arises is that the advertising of fast food has undoubtedly increase the number of people around the world. However in Mauritius there is no research which has been conducted to know whether consumer in Mauritius buy more fast food when they are advertised. So this thesis will help to analysis the impact of fast food advertising on people in Mauritius. This thesis will take into consideration the most popular fast food retail in Mauritius such as McDonalds, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Pizza Hut, Nandos, Steers and Debonair. Therefore, this thesis will answer the following questions: What is the impact of fast food advertising on Mauritian buyer behaviour? What are the drivers leading to the consumption of fast food? What are the different advertising tools that fast food retailer use to promote their fast food? What advertising tool has the more effect on purchasing behaviour in Mauritius? To analyse the different pattern of behaviours and attitudes of both generation Y and X towards fast food in Mauritius. Aims and objective
business policy seminar assignment 5. I’m studying and need help with a Business question to help me learn.

Assignment: Your Business Strategy in the Global Environment
This week’s materials focus on your innovations and creativity in a global environment.
Congratulations! You have just started a new business!
Your assignment has three parts, but is submitted in one paper.
1. First, tell me what your new business is. Do you provide a service, or a product? Define this business you have spent so much time dreaming of starting.
2. Next, develop a PEST Analysis using this template: PEST-analysis-template-doc.doc

3. Finally, describe how you are going to grow this business in the global environment.
Here are the requirements:

For Parts 1 and 3, develop a Word document and clearly label each section. Use APA formatting (no Abstract required). Focus on quality of writing and content, as opposed to length.
For part 2, use the PEST Analysis Template. Your PEST analysis needs to be placed in an appendix section of this combined paper.
Review and follow the grading rubric
Submit your completed assignment (1 paper with all 3 parts) to the SafeAssign link by Sunday at 11:59 pm (EST).

business policy seminar assignment 5

Beauty Academy of South Florida Financial Issues of Costco Company Discussion Paper.

How well is Costco performing from a financial perspective? Do some number-crunching using the data in case Exhibit 1 to support your answer. Use the financial ratios presented in Table 4.1 of Chapter 4 to help you diagnose Costco’s financial performance.7. Based on the data in case Exhibits 1, 5, and 6, is Costco’s financial performance superior to that at Sam’s Club and BJ’s Wholesale?8. Does the data in case Exhibit 4 indicate that Costco’s expansion outside the U.S. is financially successful? Why or why not?9. How well is Costco performing from a strategic perspective? Does Costco enjoy a competitive advantage over Sam’s Club? Over BJ’s Wholesale? If so, what is the nature of its competitive advantage? Does Costco have a winning strategy? Why or why not?10. Are Costco’s prices too low? Why or why not?11. What do you think of Costco’s compensation practices? Does it surprise you that Costco employees apparently are rather well-compensated?Case 3 Costco Wholesale Corp. in 2020 Case Assignment Questions12. What recommendations would you make to Costco top management regarding how best to sustain the company’s growth and improve its financial performance?
Beauty Academy of South Florida Financial Issues of Costco Company Discussion Paper

Briefing Note to inform Board of Directors of the strategic orientation you will use to build the best kayak company. I don’t understand this Business question and need help to study.

Business Simulation
Briefing Note to inform Board of Directors of the strategic orientation you will use to build the best kayak company
I have given detailed steps and sample to help you.
I attached the website to see what’s the topic about exactly
http://www.praxem.com/en/industry-kayaks-simulation-simaction.htm
( no Plagiarism form sample )
please see if the attachments first before accepting!

Briefing Note to inform Board of Directors of the strategic orientation you will use to build the best kayak company

Borromini’s Past and its Impacts on San Giovanni In Laterano

Borromini’s Past and its Impacts on San Giovanni In Laterano. Throughout the semester we have delved into the finest moments in Francesco Borromini’s architectural career. We’ve seen masterpieces constructed, inspirations flourish, enemies made, all encapsulating who Borromini was and how his artistic achievements left such an impression on Rome then and now. A key moment in this timeline is undoubtedly Borromini’s work in San Giovanni in Laterano. The prolific study of ancient architecture in his youth, the constant inspirations drawn from architects of his past who encouraged many of his architectural ideas and finally, his inspirations, drawn from antiquity and evolving into a new type of architecture but discouraged by the broader culture of traditional mid-17th century Rome, were the triumvirate of factors contributing to Francesco Borromini’s work in San Giovanni in Laterano. The restorations commenced in 1646 when Pope Innocent X endowed Borromini with the renovation of San Giovanni in Laterano. Unlike San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane, Borromini was restricted due to the limits the Pope established for this project. Nevertheless, this commission was the most expensive and salient in Borromini’s career.[1] Innocent X was firm in his instructions due to his desire to preserve the traces of the original ancient church. Joseph Connors highlights the tensions of restoration opinions in the following passage: “From the account of the commission written in 1655 by Borromini’s friend Fiorvante Martinelli, shortly after Innocent X’s death, that from the outset two opposing philosophies for the restoration were in conflict. Neither is associated with an individual by name, but the protagonists are easy to identify from Martinelli’s account. ‘Some people’ wanted to demolish the whole building down to the footprint of Constantine’s basilica and build a completely new church. This idea was supported by the people who were confident that Rome could furnish an architect ‘endowed by nature with an infinite prodigality of invention, deepened with study and experience in the Vitruvian profession’. The second part was the preservationists. They recalled the piety of the Lateran’s founder, the emperor Constantine, of the early Christians who has built the church, and of Pope Sylvester who consecrated it… This was also the opinion of Innocent X and his supporters among the Oratorians. Since his youth, the Pope had been steeped in a culture of early Christian antiquity when he had studied with the Oratorians and the followers of Baronius.”[2] Rudolf Wittkower states in his book Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750 that, Borromini’s challenge was difficult considering Innocent X’s non-negotiable demands on ‘preserving the venerable basilica.’[3] Wittkower continues to explain that Borromini ‘solved’[4] this dilemma: “encasing two consecutive columns of the old church inside one broad pillar, by framing each pillar with a colossal order of pilasters throughout the whole height of the nave, and by placing a tabernacle niche of coloured marble for statuary into the face of each pillar where originally an opening between two columns have been. The alternation of pillars and open arches created a basic rhythm well known since Bramante’s and even Alberti’s days.”[5] This passage by Wittkower covers a key aspect of this paper when he mentioned the rhythm which was used by Bramante and Alberti. It shows Borromini’s views of the past revealing itself in his late architecture of San Giovanni in Laterano. Additionally, Anthony Blunt (in his book Borromini) draws connections from Borromini’s past as major influences for the work completed on San Giovanni in Laterano. Blunt starts with the dilemma imposed on Borromini when Pope Innocent X was demanding the wooden ceiling to not be touched. This presented a massive restriction for Borromini because, it did not resonate and represent the way in which the architect used to link the walls to the ceiling, as seen with his previous work on San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane.[6] Borromini’s plans for S. Giovanni were twofold: primarily his goal was to avoid the bay being incessantly repeated[7] and secondly to “avoid the use of giant pilasters rising straight from the ground, thereby avoiding the awkward relation between bases and arches.”[8] Blunt continues to direct the reader’s attention to the connections with the past by stating, “In the use of giant pilasters, he was following the example of Bramante at St. Peters, but the idea of planning the whole arcade as a centralized unit was a considerable break with tradition.”[9] Again the mention of Bramante and St.Peter’s is a testament towards the inspirations Borromini gained from a master of architecture and from Borromini’s own time spent working under Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini at St. Peter’s, where many of the work that was completed there is reflected in Borromini’s later architecture at S. Giovanni. Carlo Maderno is a salient character when analyzing themes from Borromini’s past which inspired his later work, especially at S. Giovanni in Laterano. Meeting in 1619 when Borromini moved to Rome, Maderno was working on the biggest architectural project in Rome at this time, he was the architect of St. Peter’s. Maderno hired Borromini as an assistant and together they worked on S. Andrea della Valle, where Maderno gave Borromini partial artistic license of designing part of the basilica. Gifting a young architect with the ability to assist designing such a massive project is not only a complete honour but also a testament to Borromini’s abilities as an architect. The dome of S. Andrea della Valle is the second largest in Rome after St. Peter’s[10] and as Wittkower states, it is “obviously derived from Michelangelo’s dome, it is of majestic simplicity.”[11] In the next passage Wittkower directs our attention back to the theme of this paper, how Borromini’s work in S. Gioavanni is framed by the view of the past: “Long periods of his [Maderno’s] working life were spent in the service of St. Peter’s, where he was faced with the unenviable task of having to interfere with Michelangelo’s intentions. The design of the nave, which presented immense difficulties, proves the he planned with circumspection and tact, desirous to clash as little as was possible under the circumstances with the legacy of the great master.”[12] This passage proves, Borromini’s beloved mentor Maderno, was challenged to work around a past legacy in order to erect his architecture around Michelangelo’s in a cohesive style. Borromini had to face the exact same challenges in his restorative work at S. Giovanni. Could Borromini have been reminded by Maderno’s challenges when working around Michelangelo’s past intentions? The way in which both Maderno and Borromini built their way around the past architecture was innovative as it was similar. Borromini was desperate to create a dome in S. Giovanni, alike the one in S. Andrea, but due to the preservation of the ancient wooden ceiling, he was unable to erect his inspirations learned from Maderno’s dome in S. Andrea. Maderno taught Borromini many things, and when comparing Maderno’s space planning in St. Peter’s and Borromini’s plan in S. Giovanni, it becomes clear (specifically the pilasters surrounding the apses) many of Borromini’s ideas of special planning stemmed from his past with Maderno. Above: Maderno, S. Andrea della Valle; below: Borromini, S. Giovanni in Laterano From Maderno, Borromini learned the complex fundamentals of spatial planning. In order to restore S. Giovanni without disturbing the older Constantinian remains of the church, Borromini had to tap into this knowledge he gained from Maderno. It all started in 1625 with the planning of Palazzo Barberini where Maderno, who was at the time seventy years old[13], was commissioned to plan the space of the Palazzo. As Resnick notes, “His [Maderno’s] failing health may have restricted the amount of time and energy he could devote to the project, and his assistants—most notably, Borromini—expectedly worked in his name. During nearly ten years of apprenticeship with Maderno, Borromini developed a great respect for him that was reflected in his decision to be buried by his side. He considered Maderno to be the most daring of the Lombard architects in Rome and valued his experimentation in three-dimensional space planning.”[14] This passage highlights the spatial planning tactics in which Borromini was taught by Maderno, which would become crucial in his restorations on S. Giovanni, a space which is all encompassed by planning around what is there already and still making the entire church look as if it was one and made in the same style. Not only was Borromini transfixed by the works of Maderno, but also Michelangelo. In S. Giovanni Borromini made the bases of the pilasters a ‘light grey marble’[15] which reflected the ‘boldness he learned from Michelangelo combined with Baroque fluency.”[16] Blunt also draws attention to the connection between Borromini’s work at S. Giovanni with S. Ivo stating, “on the pilasters themselves the architect varied the width of the fluting as at S. Ivo, but less emphatically, so that the effect is gentler.”[17] This proves not only did Borromini use his past architectural successes from previous projects, such as S. Ivo to create another strong structure within S. Giovanni, but he improved his initial plan to create pilasters which were designed specifically to flow well with this project at S. Giovanni. Seemingly, S. Ivo did inspire Borromini in restoring the basilica at S. Giovanni, especially with the “palms and laurels surrounding the Apostles.”[18] Blunt states that these ‘palms and laurels’ are “carved with the same nervous crispness as those over the doors at S. Ivo.”[19] Another earlier project which inspired the challenge of restoring S. Giovanni was Borromini’s work completed at San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane. The papal tombs which reside S. Giovanni are a “complete expression of Borromini’s style.”[20] These tombs have incorporated an ‘oval cylinder’[21] just like ‘the aedicule of the façade of S. Carlino.’[22] Blunt again shows the intrigue of these tombs Borromini fashioned by focusing on the classic Borromini trick of ‘creating effects of false perspectives’ and in turn, making the tombs look like ‘they recede.’[23] Blunt states, “it is closer to the partial illusion created in the top windows of the loggia in the Palazzo Barberini or the half-domes in the chuch and refectory of S. Carlino.”[24] Again, Borromini learns from his past achievements at S. Carlino and applies them to the new project at S. Giovanni. Considering the fact that Innocent X was so stringent on conserving the original nave of S. Giovanni, this could be viewed as Borromini’s attempt to follow orders while still creating a church with his own recognizable style. The details of Borromini’s architecture was criticized by many in Rome. Patrons and critics preferred Bernini and the classical themes presented in his work. However, as Rudolf Wittkower points out, “Whatever their innovations, Bernini, Cortona, Rinaldi, Longhi and the rest never challenged the essence of the Renaissance tradition like Borromini did.”[25] Although well versed in classical architecture, Borromini challenged himself and society by introducing innovative and different methods towards Renaissance and classical architecture. To fully engage with the critiques and roadblocks Borromini had to face and how he persevered through these to create S. Giovanni while still keeping true to his stylistic patterns, it is essential to recognize what patrons were desiring when it came to the building of Baroque buildings in Rome. Paul Zucker states, “The meaning of the term Baroque is twofold. Historically, the Baroque era stretches from about Michelangelo’s death in 1564 to the middle of the 18th century, when the period called either Neo-Classicism or Classical revival sets in. What is historically called Baroque divides aesthetically into two tendencies. On the one hand it is the Baroque derived from Michelangelo, exaggerating and contorting the more placid forms of the High Renaissance, accentuating individual parts within a whole, dramatizing and emphasizing volumes and masses. One the other hand, during the same centuries there exists the classicist approach, based on Palladio and the Vitruvian Academy, leaning heavily on ancient examples, regular, reticent in expression, sometimes of a certain dryness, which often leads to the reproach of “academicism.”[26] This passage by Zucker contains key information which is essential when analyzing Borromini’s innovative, and often criticized, architecture. It’s well known that Palladio, the Vitruvian Academy and Michelangelo were all inspirations to Borromini in one form or another. As Zucker points out, Michelangelo is on the complete opposite side of Palladio and the Vitruvian Academy. However, what makes Borromini a complete genius of Baroque architecture was how he could combine both inspirations (which also inspired Baroque architecture as a whole) and create his own style to reflect both sides which represent the affluence that is, Baroque architecture. Due to the strong sides one would take, critics would either praise Michelangelo or praise Palladio, the Vitruvian Academy, and the traditional classic elements from architecture from the past. By Borromini being in the middle of the two, it was near impossible for many people to completely approve his work due to the stark sides of the twofold term of Baroque. The famous sculptor and fellow architect, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, was a rival of Borromini’s and his most harsh critic. Robert Echols recites a conversation which quotes Bernini and assumedly Alexander VII stating, “that he [possibly Alexander VII] could not abide Borromini’s works because, as good as a draftsman and designer as he was, he strayed from the rules so recklessly that some of his works were in the Gothic, rather than the good “modern and antique,” style; to which Bernini agreed, adding that in his opinion is was better to be a bad Catholic than a good heretic.”[27] Additionally, Alexander VII disliked Borromini’s architectural style due to it being Gothic.[28] When looking for an architect to hire, Innocent X knew that the work of the San Giovanni basilica would have to be restored and designed by an architect who was not only artistically talented but had precedents of buildings which would withstand the wear of time. Borromini was hand-picked by Innocent X for this reason, but knowing Borromini would want to influence the traditional Constantinian style with his own stylistic flare, Innocent X hired Virgilio Spada to supervise.[29] The one person who did support Borromini was indeed, Virgillio Spada. The complaints and critiques of the Oratorians encompassed Borromini when working on the S. Giovanni restorations. In order to ease tensions, Spada came to Borromini’s defense against the Oratorians which is cited in Joseph Connors, “Virgilio Spada’s Defense of Borromini”: “Architecture, Spada says, is a hard art to judge. It is a matter of taste, and unlike those things that have measure, number and weight, it cannot be reduced to simple quantities. Changes in style sweep through architecture like new fashions in dress, and trend-setters first draw ridicule on themselves, then acceptance, then praise and emulation. A century-and-a-half ago Gothic was the style that held sway. Then Michelangelo turned taste in the direction of a new architecture based on the antique, which was scorned at first but eventually accepted and is now celebrated by everyone… Happy is the architect who has friends in high places, since everything foes according to the recommendations of influential people. Everybody is attached to his own architect, just as to his own doctor. And as in medicine what counts in architecture is long experience, growing old in the profession. So, even though it is hard to weight the quality of an architect in the balance, there are still some touchstones that help a patron to make an informed choice.”[30] With Spada being Borromini’s supervisor on the S. Giovanni restorations, it seems for the first time in Borromini’s life someone who was overseeing the Pope’s vision for a project was on his side. This undoubtedly inspired Borromini to go above and beyond to restore San Giovanni as one of the his most successful and impactful buildings thus far. The support and criticisms are both salient when analyzing how Borromini’s past framed his work in S. Giovanni. Used to working alone and in his own style, Borromini had the opposite experience when restoring the basilica. He was temperamental when being hired by a controlling patron who frowned upon his style so why was San Giovanni different? This could be because there was more support coming from Spada and others during this period in history. Even though Innocent X was heavily influenced by the harsh Oratorians, he still hired Borromini due to his past architectural successes. This is a complement in itself, especially for Borromini who was rarely in favour with Popes. With Borromini’s past success and the support of the Pope and Spada, his past unveils itself in the restored walls of S. Giovanni. S. Giovanni in Laterano was and will always be one of Borromini’s crowning architectural achievements. Regardless of critics, it is clear Borromini was the correct architect for the restorations made on the archaic and epic church. The walls of S. Giovanni are a true testament to Borromini’s past. The beginning, where he proliferated under the knowledgeable guidance of spatial planning from Carlo Maderno reflects in the challenging landscape of S. Giovanni and how Borromini masterfully worked his way around the older sections of the church to create a complete and unified whole. His earlier works such as S. Carlino, S. Ivo Sapienza, and Palazzo Barberini are all translated into the interior of S. Giovanni, a true master learning from his past successes and critically analyzing them to make the new project even better than the last. Lastly, his support of past mentors and friends such as Carlo Maderno, who’s guidance touched Borromini from beyond the grave and Virgilio Spada, who was a steadfast supporter when every patron, most architects and the Oratorians were strongly critical of Borromini. Spada made sure to remind many what it means to not only be a master of architecture, but why Borromini was and always will be Rome’s master architect. Considering this, an architect who can take his past, use it to inspire him, and make something never seen before is what makes Borromini’s work in San Giovanni in Laterano so magnificent. Bibliography Blunt, Anthony, Borromini (London: Allen Lane, 1979) Connors, Joseph, ‘A new plan by Borromini for the Lateran Basilica, Rome’, The Burlington Magazine, 146.1217 (2004), 526-533 [accessed 21 April 2019] Connors, Joseph, ‘Virgilio Spada’s Defence of Borromini’, The Burlington Magazine, 131:1031 (1989), pp. 76-90 [accessed 27 April 2019] Echols, Robert, ‘A Classical Barrel Vault for San Giovanni in Laterano in a Borromini Drawing’, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 51:2 (1992), pp. 146-160 [accessed 26 April 2019] Resnick, Noah, ‘Thoughts on the Ellipse: Borromini’s Staircase at the Palazzo Barberini’, Thresholds, 28 (2005), pp. 47-57 [accessed 24 April 2019] Wittkower, Rudolf, Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1973) [1] Joseph Connors, ‘A new plan by Borromini for the Lateran Basilica, Rome’, The Burlington Magazine, 146.1217 (2004), 526-533 (p. 526) [accessed 21 April 2019] [2] Joseph Connors, ‘A new plan by Borromini for the Lateran Basilica, Rome’, The Burlington Magazine, 146.1217 (2004), 526-533 (p. 529) [accessed 21 April 2019] [3] Rudolf Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1973), pg. 140. [4] Ibid. [5] Ibid. [6] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 133-4. [7] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 137. [8] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 137. [9] Ibid. [10] Rudolf Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1973), pg. 70. [11] Ibid. [12] Rudolf Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1973), pg. 70. [13] Noah Resnick, ‘Thoughts on the Ellipse: Borromini’s Staircase at the Palazzo Barberini’, Thresholds, 28 (2005), pp. 47-57 (pg. 51) [accessed 24 April 2019] [14] Ibid. [15] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 142. [16] Ibid. [17] Ibid. [18] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 143-4. [19] Ibid. [20] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 150. [21] Ibid. [22] Ibid. [23] Ibid. [24] Anthony Blunt, Borromini, (London: Allen Lane, 1979), pg. 150. [25] Rudolf Wittkower, Art and Architecture in Italy 1600-1750, (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltd., 1973), pg. 130. [26] Paul Zucker, ‘Space and Movement in High Baroque City Planning’, Journal of the Society if Architectural Historians, 14:1 (1955), pp. 8-13 (pg. 8) <https://www.jstor.org/stable/987716 [accessed 23 April 2019] [27] Robert Echols, ‘A Classical Barrel Vault for San Giovanni in Laterano in a Borromini Drawing’, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 51:2 (1992), pp. 146-160 (pg. 146) [accessed 26 April 2019] [28] Ibid. [29] Robert Echols, ‘A Classical Barrel Vault for San Giovanni in Laterano in a Borromini Drawing’, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, 51:2 (1992), pp. 146-160 (pg. 150) [accessed 26 April 2019] [30] Joseph Connors, ‘Virgilio Spada’s Defence of Borromini’, The Burlington Magazine, 131:1031 (1989), pp. 76-90 (pg. 82) [accessed 27 April 2019] Borromini’s Past and its Impacts on San Giovanni In Laterano

MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University Economic Systems in The International Business Context Essay

best essay writers MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University Economic Systems in The International Business Context Essay.

Learning Outcomes:

Explain the forces driving and evaluate the impact of globalization (CLO: 1.3)
Analyze the effects of culture, politics and economic systems in the context of international business (CLO: 2.1)
Carry out effective self-evaluation through discussing economic systems in the international business context (CLO: 3.1)
Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.

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Report Writing
Select a Saudi company that operates in Europe and/or Africa, and write (a minimum of 900 word) report covering the following points:
1.Present the study report with clear Introduction and Conclusion including your own views.
2.Conduct a SWOT analysis for your chosen company based on your research.
Strengths: List the strengths of the selected company;
Weaknesses: Describe the areas of weakness in the company’s operations;
Opportunities: Examine factors that may improve the company’s chances of success;
Threats: List the external threats to the business company’s success.
3.Analyze the political, economic, cultural and legal challenges the company currently faces in any of the country it operates (select one country in which the company operates for this analysis).
MGT 321 Saudi Electronic University Economic Systems in The International Business Context Essay

Wring Prompt: Write an that explains how Ray Bradbury uses literary devices to express his point of vies of

Wring Prompt: Write an that explains how Ray Bradbury uses literary devices to express his point of vies of how technology harms society and use evidence from one of the TEDialks to analyze his point of view in comparison today Introduction: Background information – summary of book Transition sentences Overall Bradbury ‘s purpose in writing book related to prompt (may overlap with background information) Introduces the idea of how he does it (uses literary devices) Claim – one sentence that identifies Bradbury’s tone towards technology, states one of Bradbury’ points of view of how technology harms society, states if his point of view is relevant / irrelevant in today’s world Body # 1 – Analysis of tone (I quotation) – use your tone / diction paragraph and make corrections to it if needed Topic Sentence: Transition / Sub-point 2. What tone does Bradbury have towards technology in his novel, Fahrenheit 45 1? Transition sentences / Attributive tag: Elaborates on topic – (connotation of diction to create tone) Provides background information on plot – characters / situation / technology Introduces plot at time of evidence / imbeds attributive tag in last sentence before quote 3. Textual Evidence – Quote from F4S/ that illustrates Bradbury’s point Commentary • Start with a transition that refers back to the quote and immediately start analyzing the tone right away Analyze the figurative lang, and explain how diction creates tone by analyzing connotations of words Body #2 – Analysis of Satire (2 Quotations) Topic Sentence: Transition / Sub-point a. How does Bradbury use satire to express his point of view of how the technology harms society? 2. Transition sentences / Altributive tag: This information should overlap. a. Elaborates on topic – (introduces satirical technique: incongruity / exaggeration) b. Provides background information on 1950s problem Bradbury highlights Provides background information on plot – characters / situation / technology d Introduces plot at tine of evidence / imbeds attributive tag in last sentence before quote Textual Evidence – Quote from F451 that illustrates Bradbury’s point choose from Satire #1 / #2 a. You can’t use the voting on appearance example 4 Commentary a Start with a transition that refers back to the quote b. Analyze how Bradbury uses satire to express his point of how technology harms sociely 5. Transitions into second piece of evidence and goes through #s 2-4 again for it. Body #3 – Connection to today / Through analysis of TEDtalk – Sherry Turkle or Cynthia Brazeal Topic Sentence – Transition / Sub-point- a. How is Bradbury’s point of view seen in comparison to today (relevant/irrelevant)? 2. Transition sentences / Attributive tag: Elaborates on topic – Establish if Bradbury’s point of view is relevant or irrelevant b. Background on TED speaker / talk C. Introduces how the central focus of the TEDtalk relates to Bradbury’s point d. Introduce situation in talk at time of textual evidence with attributive tag 3. Textual Evidence – Quote from TEDtalk that illustrates speaker’s view 1 Commentary a. Start with a transition that refers back to the quote b Analyze how the TEDtalk speaker’s point shows how Bradbury’s point is relevant or irrelevant to today Conclusion Paragraph

Blue Ridge Mountain Disability Project Case Study

Blue Ridge Mountain Disability Project Case Study.

Formulate a case study on a client with a disability 10-12 pages (not including references). Include headings Case Study guidelines1. Client’s identifying and demographic information (i.e., client’s age, gender, disability, education, employment, ethnicity, family composition, marital or partner status, socio/economic information, information regarding adoption, foster family, group home or institutional care for self or immediate family members)2. Presenting problems and symptoms (i.e., include both disability and non-disability related reasons (if applicable) for seeking out the agency’s services or reason for referral, referral source, history of presenting problem or situation and symptoms associated with the presenting problem).3. Background information and mental health status/psychosocial history (i.e., client’s developmental history, family developmental history, medical history, and current health status to include history of substance abuse, educational history, history of previous treatment, employment history)4. Functioning (i.e., current level of ADL’s in addition to social, academic, occupational, community performance etc.)5. Assessment (i.e., instruments used to assess the situation or behavior of the client, outcome of assessment instruments illustrating the interactions of biological, psychological, and social factors). Mental status exam or psychosocial should be included as an appendix.6. Diagnosis (i.e., use of DSM 5 when necessary, to develop a clinical diagnosis or problem formulation to provide the basis for interventions).7. Client’s unique strengths and challenges due to a disabling society.8. Risk factors (i.e., description of the risks the client faces due to secondary disability or medical conditions, possible psychiatric diagnoses, unsupervised visits, situations pertaining to his or her residence, work environment, institutionalization, absence from treatment program, etc.)9. Human diversity (i.e., reflection of how relevant diversity issues reflect the therapeutic process with the client and how to translate your work into more culturally competent practice based on necessary knowledge and skills)10. Theory-based intervention plan (i.e., definition of the problem, mutually agreed upon goals and objectives, modalities relevant to the early, middle, and late phases of the therapeutic process, and interventions)11. Resource coordination (i.e., description of client’s needs and coordination of available community resources and support services)12. Ethical responsibilities (i.e., ethical dilemmas that have arisen or may arise due to conflict of interest, boundaries, dual relationships, scope of competence, personal issues that may interfere with the therapeutic process etc.)13. Legal obligations (i.e., scope of practice, privileged communication, reporting requirements, involuntary hospitalization, misconduct, or other legal obligations).14. Questions and concerns to be raised in social work supervision.The following criteria are used in grading the assignment:1. Is the writing style academic, professional and technical?2. Is the information presented comprehensive and well-ordered?3. Are underlying assumptions clearly stated and justified with research?4. Are major points clearly thought-out and adequately emphasized?5. Are alternative explanations considered and understood?6. Are conclusions supported by appropriate and sufficient evidence?7. Does the work meet the criteria specified by the guidelines for the assignment?8. Does the work reflect cultural sensitivity and adherence to the ethical standards of the profession?9. Is the work well-written and free from spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors?10. Is APA format used, including non-sexist language and appropriately cited references?May use from these references below – any references of choice must be within 10-yearHeary, C., Hennessy, E., & Swords, L. (2014). Stigma associated with disease and disability during childhood and adolescence: A developmental approach. In P. Corrigan (Ed.), The stigma of disease and disability: Understanding causes and overcoming injustices (pp. 205-222).American Psychological Association. Livneh, H., Chan, F., & Kaya, C. (2014). Stigma related to physical and sensory disabilities. In P. Corrigan (Ed.), The stigma of disease and disability: Understanding causes and overcoming injustices (pp. 93-120). American Psychological AssociationStuntzner, S. (2017). Compassion and self-compassion: Conceptualization and application to adjustment to disability. Journal of Applied Rehabilitation Counseling, 48(2), 15-25.Hemmings, N. Bouras, C. Page 17 of 19 Hemmings, & N. Bouras (Eds.), Psychiatric and behavioral disorders in intellectual and developmental disabilities, (3rd ed., pp. 119-128). Cambridge University Press.Hatton, C., & Taylor, J. T. (2013). The assessment of mental health problems in adults with intellectual disabilities. In J. L. Taylor, W. R. Lindsay, R. P. Hastings, C. Hatton, J. L. Taylor, W. R. Lindsay, … C. Hatton (Eds.), Psychological therapies for adults with intellectual disabilities (pp. 31-54). Wiley-Blackwell.Janvier, A., & Watkins, A. (2013). Medical interventions for children with trisomy 13 and trisomy 18: What is the value of a short-disabled life? Acta Paediatrica, 102(12), 1112-1117.O’Brien, G. V. (2011). Eugenics, genetics, and the minority group model of disabilities: Implications for social work advocacy. Social Work, 56(4), 347-354.Ballan, M., Freyer, M., & Powledge, L. (2015). Intimate partner violence among men with disabilities: The role of health care providers. American Journal of Men’s Health, 11(5), 1436- 1443.McEachern, A.G. (2012). Sexual abuse of individuals with disabilities: Prevention strategies for clinical practice. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 21, 386–398.Sherry, M., & Neller, A. (2016). Intellectual disability, stigma and hate crimes. In K. Scior & S. Werner (Eds). In Intellectual disability and stigma: Stepping out from the margins (pp. 111-126). Palgrave.Humphries, T., Kushalnagar, P., Mathur, G., Napoli, D. J., Padden, C., Rathmann, C., & Smith, S. (2012). Language acquisition for deaf children: Reducing the harms of zero tolerance to the use of alternative approaches. Harm Reduction Journal, 9, 16. Retrieved from http://www.harmreductionjournal.com/content/9/1/16Parker, M. L., & Molteni, J. (2017). Structural family therapy and autism spectrum disorder: Bridging the disciplinary divide. American Journal of Family Therapy, 45(3), 135-148.Saxena, M., & Adamsons, K. (2013). Siblings of individuals with disabilities: Reframing the literature through a bioecological lens. Journal of Family Theory and Review, 5(4), 300-316.Williamson, H., & Perkins, E. A. (2014). Family caregivers of adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Outcomes associated with U.S. services and supports. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 52(2), 147–159.
Blue Ridge Mountain Disability Project Case Study