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Factors Contributing to Road Accidents

Road accident is the global tragedy with ever-raising trend. In Malaysia, it represents a major public problem because of the high number of victims involved and also the seriousness of the consequences for the victim themselves and to their families as well. There are many factors that can contribute to the road accidents. Some researchers have made several researches and agreed that the major factors that contributing to the road accidents is because of the bad weather, condition of road, human behavior when driving, condition of the vehicle and the leniency of the law enforcement. Relating to the previous researches, the focus of our study is to identify the trend of road accidents in Shah Alam and the factors that contributing to the accidents. Besides that, the study also focuses on the strategies and ways to reduce the rate of road accidents in Shah Alam. The study will be conducted in Shah Alam which the respondents are among the road users including pedestrians, motorcyclists, car drivers and etc. Contributing Factors Bad Weather According to a report from the Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV) in Netherland, the term weather can be described as the state of atmosphere in term of air pressure, temperature, humidity, clouds, wind and precipitation. The weather conditions will affect the accident rates and exposure to the traffic hazards. A layer of water on the road surface due to rain can cause the vehicles to lose contact with the road surface and to skid. Besides that, Ellinghaus (1983) has stated that the object carried due to the strong wind, fallen trees and broken branches can also cause the traffic disturbance. Gusts of wind can push the high vehicles such as busses and vans especially when they are on the bridges. A study from Saudi Arabia (Al-Ghamdi, 2009) reports the number of crash being higher during the fog compared to the other weather condition. The crash happened because of the limited visibility during driving due to the fog. In a fog, the droplets of water are so small and light that they remain floating in the air. This will lead to limited visibility to the drivers because the light is diffused by the fog droplets. As a result of bad weather, road surfaces may become slippery or slick. Accumulation of water, slush, ice and snow can present hazards to motorists. The manner in which other drivers react to the weather, whether through an extreme excess of caution or a disregard of the dangers posed by the weather conditions, can also contribute to the probability of an accident. When weather conditions render driving unsafe, drivers should attempt to find a safe place to get off the road and wait for the weather to improve. If you are driving at a time of year when you are likely to have your windshield splattered with dirty water, mud, slush, or salt, before driving make sure that you have a good supply of windshield solvent. In Malaysia, The majority of the investigated cases occurred during fine weather. The proportion of investigated cases during fine weather for 2008 is over presented, with more than 70%, and is significantly higher than those that occurred in any other weather condition, especially in 2009 and 2010. Based on MIROS the data in terms of lighting condition show that for the total number of investigated cases from 2007 through 2010, crashes that occurred during daylight, when it is safe to say that visibility is not a major concern. However, crashes during dark condition and without lighting, which is related to the said issue, are also significant and come in second place after daylight in all four years in terms of the number of investigated cases. Through report by MIROS, the KSI and fatality indexes according to the environmental components of the crashes, namely the vicinity area, weather conditions and lighting conditions. In terms of the environmental components of the crashes, fatality index is recorded highest for crashes happening at agricultural areas (2.86), during drizzling condition (4.84) and when the surrounding is dark without any lighting (2.67). Meanwhile, KSI index is highest for crashes that occurred at agricultural areas (3.97), during rainy day (7.56), and during dawn or dusk (7.44). This shows that bad condition of weather and surrounding may affect the driver view which can make a higher tendency of accident to occur during that particular situation. Driving attitude Whilst commercial vehicles have frequently been found to have high accident involvement rates, only one commercial driver training program has been identified so far in this Asia region. As part of the two year input in Pakistan funded by DFID in the early 1980s, a two week bus driver re-training program was provided. Bus driving standards are observed before and after the course and while bus driving standards showed improvement when drivers knew they were being observed, this improvement did not carry over to other times. This demonstrated the difference between driving skill and driving behavior and the need of enforcement and incentive schemes to encourage good driving standards. Surveys in driver knowledge and driver behavior were undertaken in several countries worldwide including Pakistan, Indonesia, Thailand and Sri Lanka. Driver behavior was assessed at pedestrian crossing, traffic signals and priority junctions. As a follow up driver knowledge surveys were conducted in Pakistan and Thailand and both these studies have been published as separate Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) reports. While the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) also worked on the area of private knowledge with drivers surveyed on sign comprehension and traffic awareness, the CRRI has spent much effort in developing a driver reflexes testing system (DRTS) which seeks to eliminate human bias and includes psycho physical tests. Work in this area has continued over the past decade with a few DRTS systems in use in India. Human errors play an important role in contributing to the increasing numbers of accident rates. People keen to ignore this factor as they feel they can handle the situation and avoid accidents. There are many types of human errors during driving such as excessive speeding and deviant behavior, taking alcohol during driving and failed to obey the rules and regulations of the road. All of these can be categorized as the risky driving attitudes which may cause road accidents. Many of accidents that were reported are caused by human errors. According to Nasasira (2009), there are about 80% of the road accidents reported in Uganda are related to the attitude and behavior of the drivers. This data shows that the driving attitude is the major cause of road accidents. According to Sabey and Taylor (1980), 95% of the accidents caused by the human factors. Driving attitude was identified as the most central of these factors. Besides that, research by Jashua and Garber (1992) also stated that the most common accident type have resulted from drivers’ faults. Driving attitudes also include the behavior to excessive speeding. Vehicle speed is often credited as being an important cause and contributory factor of road accidents. This behavior may cause danger not only for the driver himself but also for other drivers. Most drivers tend to speed exceed the limit fixed by the government. For example, the National Speed Limits is 90km/h but drivers tend to speed exceed the limit which may cause danger to themselves and others. According to Solomon (1964), Munden (1967) and Bohlin (1967), all claimed that the probability of serious injury or death are greater at high impact speeds. This shows that the impact of excessive speeding may not only cause accident but may also cause a serious injury and death. Road Condition Geometric design standards are often taken from motorized countries and thus are not always appropriate given the presence of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users and non-motorised vehicles in the road traffic stream. There has been much effort in safety engineering research to minimise the risk of accidents and DFID sponsored the development and publication of Towards Safer Roads (TSR) which was the first major manual to address safety engineering and planning in developing countries. TSR also introduced the practice of safety audits (a standardized procedure for checking the safety concerns of road projects from the feasibility stage through to final construction and operation). Formal safety audits have also begun to be used recently in Nepal, Malaysia, Fiji and a number of other developing countries including Bangladesh. Identifying safety impacts of geometric design modifications was a research focus in PNG and was recently reviewed for the latest version of the Highway Design and Maintenance Programme (HDM4). Recent research funded by Sweroad included the development of a traffic safety effects catalogue to include the various findings of the impact of geometric design and traffic control features on road accidents and accident rates. Several projects both on implementation and the research side have focused on traffic engineering and traffic management issues with applied road safety benefits. For example, Australian Aid projects in Papua New Guinea and Western Samoa follow this pattern as does the past research in CRRI on roadside development and road signs. The research recently started on the design and implementation issues of median installation for example are illustrative of the types of research being undertaken in this area. In Malaysia, it was reported that many of the cases of road collision involve the vehicle leaving the roadway and hits the fixed objects along the roadside such as the trees and guardrails. This may cause by the slippery road due to the rain and even because of the poorly designed and constructed roads. Most of the roads in Malaysia are pavement designed. In pavement design, there are several characteristics that need to be considered such as skid resistance and the texture depth. These characteristics will determine the condition of the road whether it is risky or not. According to Davis (2001), the moisture on the pavement surface may prevent vehicle tires from making adequate contact with the road surface. This will increase the level of slippery on the road which may cause road accident. Vehicles condition Vehicles are one of the factors which can contribute to the road accidents. This is because the vehicle that we ride is a medium for us that put us in the road and if the vehicles itself are not in a good shape and condition, the tendency for the accident to occur is more likely compare to a well manage vehicle condition. A well-designed and well-maintained vehicle, with good brakes, tires and well-adjusted suspension will be more controllable in an emergency and thus be better equipped to avoid collisions. Based on the statistics which have been produced by MIROS, during 2007-2010, the brake defects in vehicle have recorded 20 cases while tires defect have recorded 14 cases. So, that is why some mandatory vehicle inspection schemes include tests for some aspects of roadworthiness have been conduct by the JPJ in order to make sure that the vehicles that is going to be used are in a good condition, The design of vehicles has also evolved to improve protection after collision, both for vehicle occupants and for those outside of the vehicle. For example, in modern day car, a lot of safety features have been include likes Anti-lock braking system (ABS) to prevent skidding allowing the driver to remain in control. The vehicle stops more quickly as there’s more friction between the road and tires, traction control to prevents skidding while accelerating so the car can quickly escape a dangerous situation and safety cage to strengthens the cabin section to protect people in a roll-over accident. Much of this work was led by automotive industry competition and technological innovation. Some crash types tend to have more serious consequences, Rollovers have become more common in recent years, perhaps due to increased popularity of taller SUVs, people carriers, and minivans, which have a higher center of gravity than standard passenger cars. Rollovers can be fatal, especially if the occupants are ejected because they were not wearing seat belts (83% of ejections during rollovers were fatal when the driver did not wear a seat belt, compared to 25% when they did). After a new design of Mercedes Benz notoriously failed a ‘moose test’ (sudden swerving to avoid an obstacle), some manufacturers enhance suspension using stability control linked to an anti-lock braking system to reduce the likelihood of rollover. After retrofitting these systems to its models in 1999-2000, Mercedes saw its models involved in fewer crashes. Now about 40% of new US vehicles, mainly the SUVs, vans and pickup trucks that are more susceptible to rollover, are being produced with a lower center of gravity and enhanced suspension with stability control linked to its anti-lock braking system to reduce the risk of rollover and meet US federal requirements that mandate anti-rollover technology by September 2011. According to the research by Chin Shu Pei (2009), she has stated that the relationship between the road surface and the type of tire, tread pattern, tire pressure and tire condition may affect the road surface friction and cause the vehicles to skid off the road. She also added that tires in poor condition will not have adequate braking friction on any pavement surface. Motorcyclists have little protection other than their clothing; this difference is reflected in the casualty statistics, where they are more than twice as likely to suffer severely after a collision. In 2005 there were 198,735 road crashes with 271,017 reported casualties on roads in Great Britain. This included 3,201 deaths (1.1%) and 28,954 serious injuries (10.7%) overall. Of these casualties 178,302 (66%) were car users and 24,824 (9%) were motorcyclists, of whom 569 were killed (2.3%) and 5,939 seriously injured (24%). In Malaysia, it is recorded that 4,067 motorcyclists died in 2010 by MIROS. This represents about 60 per cent of the 6,745 road fatalities. In 2008, 3,898 motorcyclists were killed out of a total of 6,527 fatalities. Motorcyclist deaths on average accounted for 60 per cent of the total road fatalities in the last decade. MIROS road safety engineering and environment research director, Jamilah Mohd Marjan said the spike in deaths was due to the rise of the number of riders. As we can see in the another country where both Transport Research Laboratory (TRL) in United Kingdom and Indian Institute of Technology (ITT) IN India have conducted a research into vehicle design and injury control. In Papua New Guinea the MAAP system identified many casualties occurring in run-off accidents in open top pickups. Open top pickups are a common public transport mode and are often heavily loaded with passengers in Papua New Guinea. TRL concluded research into vehicle design to minimize such injuries. IIT have modeled crash impacts of bus fronts and three wheeler motorized scooter taxis to determine how the design can be altered to reduce injury severity to pedestrians hit by buses and the Three Wheeler Scooter Taxi (TST) drivers, passengers and pedestrians in TST crashes. TSTs are found to be unsafe for all three user groups (drivers, pedestrians and passengers at velocity impacts as low as 15 to 20 kilometers per hour). Minor modifications were found to make a significant difference in the safety to all three user groups in crashes up to speeds of 25 to 30 kilometers per hour. IIT research also identifies structural weakness in motor cycle helmet design. Earlier work had identified a majority of head impacts and two wheel crashes to be sustained on the side of the head yet VIS standards did not include a side impact test. IIT devised and implemented a side impact test and when all helmets in general were found to be inadequate in side impact, BIS amended the motorcycle helmet standards. Delhi Police have sponsored this research and later publicized the findings and distributed guidelines for customers and the relative rankings of the different helmets. Around the same time that ITT was studying the relative safety of motorcycle helmets in Delhi, Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) was also studying the use of motorcycle helmets and conducting opinion surveys on the use of motorcycle helmets in several metropolitan cities where motorcycle helmet usage was mandatory. These studies all helped to influence road safety policy in India. Leniency of the Law Enforcement While most if not all countries in Asia and Pacific have revised their road regulations in the past 15 years, little bilateral technical assistance seems to have been provided in this sector nor does there seem to have been local research effort in such countries despite many countries sharing the same base for road regulations (The British Motor Vehicle Code 1939). Little exchange of information and experience has occurred and traffic regulations have generally been revised individually by each country. No regional manual has been produced similar to such manuals that exist in Africa and other regions of the world. Traffic Police training programmes have been developed by the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI) with sponsorship from the Ministry of Surface Transport. National workshops on traffic police training were also organised in 1992 and 93. Traffic police from 23 metropolitan cities were trained before the project was discontinued. Ongoing at the same time was CRRI research project analysing the past 10 years of traffic violations from Delhi covering 1980 to 1990. The analysis revealed misguided priorities with administrative violations being enforced more frequently than the more dangerous moving violations. Highway patrolling was quite effective when it was introduced in Pakistan in the early 1980s as it discouraged overtaking and targeted road safety parking, both of which were known to contribute to road accidents in Pakistan.
Multiple Intelligences Test Findings Essay. Multiple Intelligences test is usually used to determine the level of development about the person’s different types of intelligences. It is important to note that such eight bits of intelligence as Kinaesthetic, Linguistic, Logical, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Musical, Visual, and Naturalistic intelligence is typical for each person, but they can characterize the man’s behaviors, attitudes, and activities in different ways, according to the level of this or that intelligence’s development. From this point, taking Multiple Intelligences test, a person can learn more about his or her strengths and those aspects of the personality which cannot be developed completely because of the specifics of the person’s intelligence. According to the Multiple Intelligences test findings, the high level of Linguistic and Intrapersonal intelligences’ development is characteristic for me. These findings can be discussed as accurate, with references to the analysis of my personal experience and life background. Those persons who have developed Linguistic intelligence are characterized by the increased interests in reading, writing, and speaking to provide people with definite information. I can agree that I am interested in reading, and I value the written word more than any other sources of information. Moreover, it is rather easy for me to concentrate on the text and remember it to reproduce or analyze later. Furthermore, I often choose to present my thoughts and ideas on processes and situations in the written form. That is why this result can be considered as supported with references to my real-life experience. However, to assess the accurateness of the result on Intrapersonal intelligence is rather difficult because I cannot state that I have habits or inclinations to analyze my strengths and weaknesses regularly or to pay special attention to my feelings and emotions. Moreover, I cannot keep a diary during a long period, but I tried to fix my recollections. However, the development of Intrapersonal intelligence cannot be observed immediately because this fact can be seen only about different aspects of a person’s behavior. In spite of the fact that I did not focus on these abilities earlier, today I can use this knowledge and contribute to developing my strengths because the ability to evaluate the attributes of personality is an important quality. High results which are related to the development of Interpersonal intelligence are also characteristic for my personality. I am inclined to agree more with this statement than with the above-mentioned results on Intrapersonal intelligence because I like to spend much time contacting different people. I can share my interests and information with them and receive feedback. Nevertheless, I agree that various intelligence interacts to form a unique personality. High results about Linguistic, Interpersonal, and Intrapersonal intelligence help me understand myself and people better and, as a result, to communicate with different persons effectively, using oral and written messages. These abilities can contribute to the successful development of my career in the future. Kinaesthetic, Logical, Musical, Visual, and Naturalistic intelligence are not predominant about my personality, and this fact is supported with references to my hobbies and interests which are closely connected with the fields of public relations, psychology, linguistics, and media. Nevertheless, I cannot reject the fact that different situations make me use my abilities regarding these types of intelligence. Multiple Intelligences Test Findings Essay
TSU Theoretical Application to Homelessness in Social Work in US Review.

First select one scholarly peer reviewed article that is related to some aspect of your sub-population of interest ( homelessness). As applicable, feel free to tie in 1 or more of the previous articles you used for your literature review.For Section 1 Agency Overview please visit to get grasp a complete overview of the agency. The two programs worked with is The Day Center, Brigid’s Hope and New Hope Housing or The Way Home. Part I: Agency Overview 1. Provide general background information about your agency (how did it originate, who started it, how did it get towhere it is today, etc.).2. What are all the various populations served? Provide information about their demographics. *If you have aspecific sub-population of interest identify that group here.3. Describe why this population/subpopulation is of interest to you.4. Integrate factual supporting information to include statistics about this population or subpopulation that paints mea picture as to what they “look like” nationwide and then narrow it down to the specifics of your agency.5. What makes this population or subpopulation unique? What strengths exist?6. What is this group’s relationship to the greater environment (in other words what aspects of their identity, notlimited to race, SES, class, gender, etc. impact and are impacted by greater social influences/perspectives) andwhy?7. Discuss your reasons for focusing on this population/subpopulation and/or specific issue.Part II: Literature Review1. Use the selected scholarly peer reviewed article and summarize what your chosen article is about. ( the article should focus on homelessness) 2. Establish links between the peer reviewed article and your population or subpopulation. *In other words, describehow this article reflects your population/subpopulation.3. Specifically address what you perceive to be the primary topic, theme, issue, problem, etc. in this article and why.4. Describe the author’s methods for gathering information and/or conducting the study (this is for the primaryarticle only).5. What was the intervention/process? (Whether you discuss an intervention, or a process depends on the type ofarticle you select)6. What was the outcome/concluding thought? (Whether you discuss a concrete outcome, or a concluding thoughtdepends on the type of article you select)Part III: Theoretical Overview *This part of your paper is all theory description. You are not applying the theory to your population at this point. You are demonstrating here that you have a very good understanding of what each of your theories are about. The two theories for this assignment are to be selected from any chapter in your textbook and can have been previously used. To access the book visit: III(a): Explain how and why you decided on these two theories?III(b): The questions below are a guide to help you think about and analyze what information you want to include in thissection. At minimum, you want to discuss 5 out of 9 points. This description should be done for each theory separately.1. According to this theory, what determines human behavior?2. What are the major tenets of the theory? Which tenets do I accept and why? Which tenets don’t I accept andwhy?3. Are assumptions clearly defined? Are assumptions reasonable? Are the theory’s assumptions ethically andsocially consistent with my own and social work’s assumptions?4. Can the principles of the theory be practically applied?5. How applicable is the theory across settings, different clients, and problems?6. Is the theory clear, easy to understand, and logical? Why do you believe this to be so?7. Does the theory address cultural, ethnic, or racial issues? Is the theory culturally sensitive? Explain youranswer.8. What empirical support exists for this theory?9. Is the theory ethically consistent with the social work profession’s values? How do you know this?III(c): Identify and provide supporting statements about (at minimum) two strengths and two limitations of EACH of yourselected theories.Part IV: Theory Application 1. Explain how each of these theories might interpret, predict, clarify, and/or conclude about thepopulation/behavior/issue under review.2. To what extent do these theories align with and depart from one another in its understanding of thepopulation/behavior/issue under review?3. How well do your chosen theories fit the population/subpopulation of interest and why do you believe this to beso?Part V: Conclusion 1. What are the main points you found most important? Explain your answer.2. Why should the greater population care about this issue?3. Ultimately, to what extent can the behavior be modified and/or the primary topic, theme, issue, problem, etc. beresolved and why?4. What recommendations might you make going forward and/or speculations on future trends do you anticipate?Support your answers.Below I have attached the three previously written relevant literature reviews to assist with completing the theoretical application written report. Please provide the scholarly peer reviewed article that is being utilized for part two of the written report. Also, access the attachment labeled Written Report pdf. to review the written report writing requirements in full. Also here is a list of different theories in the book: systems theory, conflict theory, theories of empowerment, Theories of Assimilation, Acculturation, Bicultural Socialization and Ethnic Minority Identity, Psychodynamic Theory, Theories of Lifespan Development, Symbolic Interaction Social Constructionism Transpersonal Theory etc.
TSU Theoretical Application to Homelessness in Social Work in US Review

Health Sciences homework help. Assignment 5: Tour Operator Agency DatabaseDue Week 6 and worth 90 pointsThe Strayer Oracle Server may be used to test and compile the SQL Queries developed for this assignment. Your instructor will provide you with login credentials to a Strayer University maintained Oracle server.A multinational tour operator agency has gained new business growth in the North American market through the use of social media. Its operation has expanded by 50% within six months and the agency requires an enhanced data management strategy to sustain their business operations. Their existing data repository for its reservation processing system is limited in business intelligence and reporting functionalities. The tour operator seeks a database management specialist to assist them in leveraging their data sources to enable them to forecast and project tour sales appropriately.Imagine that you have been hired to fulfill their need of enhancing the data repository for their current reservation processing system. Upon reviewing the system, you find that the data structure holds redundant data and that this structure lacks normalization. The database has the following characteristics:A table that stores all the salespersons. The table holds their employee id, first name, last name and ?Tours sold? field. The ?Tours sold? field is updated manually.A table that stores tour customer data and tours sold. The table holds customer name, address, city, state, zip code, tour(s) selected, number of persons in tour, and total amount paid. The current structure will show the customer more than once, if the customer books multiple tours.A tour table that is used as a tour rate sheet which holds the tours offered and the cost per person. Tour rates vary every three (3) months depending on the tourist season.Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you propose an enhanced database management strategy. Your proposal should include the following:Design a data model that will conform to the following criteria:Propose an efficient data structure that may hold the tour operator?s data using a normalization process. Describe each step of the process that will enable you to have a 2nd Normal Form data structure.Create naming conventions for each entity and attributes.Conclude your data model design with an Entity Relationship Model (ERM) that will visually represent the relationships between the tables. You may make use of graphical tools with which you are familiar.ÿNote:ÿThe graphically depicted solution is not included in the required page length.Construct a query that can be used on a report for determining how many days the customer?s invoice will require payment if total amount due is within 45 days. Provide a copy of your working code as part of the paper.Using the salesperson table described in the summary above, complete the following:Construct a trigger that will increase the field that holds the total number of tours sold per salesperson by an increment of one (1).Create a query that can produce results that show the quantity of customers each salesperson has sold tours to.ÿSupport the reasoning behind using stored procedures within the database as an optimization process for the database transactions.Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student?s name, the professor?s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.Include charts or diagrams created in any chart or drawing tool with which you are familiar.ÿThe completed diagrams / charts must be imported into the Word document before the paper is submitted.The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:Explain the fundamentals of how data is physically stored and accessed.Compose conceptual data modeling techniques that capture information requirements.Design a relational database so that it is at least in 3NF.Prepare database design documents using the data definition, data manipulation, and data control language components of the SQL language.Use technology and information resources to research issues in the strategic implications and management of database systems.Write clearly and concisely about topics related to the strategic planning for database systems using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.Clickÿhereÿto view the grading rubric.Health Sciences homework help

Union County College Gun Control and Violence Discussion

Union County College Gun Control and Violence Discussion.

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

Textbook: Chapter 10, 11
Minimum of 1 scholarly source (in addition to the textbook)

Initial Post Instructions
Consider one of the following current social issues – or one of your choice:

Opioid crisis
Legalization of recreational or medical marijuana
Elimination of the electoral college
Gun control

For the initial post, address the following:

State your position on one of these issues – are you for, against, or neutral? Explain why. Avoid vagueness or ambiguity in your response. Make your position very clear.
Examine how you have formed that opinion.

How well do you think you know the facts?
Do you know and understand statistical information that applies to the issue?
Do you think you have formed your opinion using only System-1 thinking, or have you applied System-2?
What part have heuristics, cognitive bias, and dominance structuring played in how you have formed your opinions?

Union County College Gun Control and Violence Discussion

ACC Beginning of The Universe Life and Humanity Discussion

best assignment help ACC Beginning of The Universe Life and Humanity Discussion.

I’m working on a literature discussion question and need support to help me study.

What similarities do you see between Ovid’s creation story and those we read for week 1?  How does he reshape these earlier myths?  What do you think of his writing style?
Reading for the Discussion Board provided below and in files.

Can you replay to this after you finish the discussion board:
When I read Ovid’s creation story, the first creation myth that came to mind was Genesis. This is why I will be comparing these two according to my perspective as a reader. As indicated by Ovid, the creation is a consummation of conflict between intrinsically fighting contrary energies, corresponding to the Chaos of Genesis. This basic difficulty describes the Western idea, and one is less inclined to see this natural shakiness in the creation legends of different societies. Indeed, Ovid’s record on this score is more “logical” than Genesis and adept to sound more natural to us. The distinction in viewpoints among Ovid and the author(s) of Genesis most pronouncedly remembers the accentuation for the creator.
Ovid was able to create ideal lines of verse like it is no one’s business; simultaneously, he has a wide jargon, a splendid feeling of illustration, and huge learning – which he doesn’t hesitate to show off.
ACC Beginning of The Universe Life and Humanity Discussion

International Development homework help

International Development homework help. Assignment 2: LASA 1 ? Coercive InterrogationsYou are a forensic psychologist working with Forensic Consultants, Inc. An attorney is using your services as a consultant in a case. During a meeting with the attorney, the attorney tells you that the client, while undergoing police interrogation, confessed to murder. When the attorney asked the client, the client reported to being not guilty. As you conduct a preliminary investigation, draw up a plan on how you will assist your the attorney with this case. The plan should answer the following questions posed by the attorney:What specific factors about police interrogative tactics do you think will be important to the defense strategy? Discuss interrogation tactics that lead to false confession, specifying at least two examples and explain the reason they are considered coercive. Include information about how this would look in an actual interrogation and how the client experienced this behavior.Will you look for any specific personality characteristics in the client? What are they and why will they help or hurt your case? Are issues of competency going to come up? Discuss information about what types of people are more at risk with coercive interrogation tactics. Include at least one research study that has demonstrated this risk.What type of personality assessment instrument will you want to use to either identify or rule out the characteristics listed in question 2? Be specific and support your answer: Identify at least one psychological test that can be used and include information on why it would be useful in determining whether a person was vulnerable.Based on the client’s response to police interrogation, how should you conduct your interview? Specifically, what should you avoid when attempting to gather accurate information from the client?Create a presentation to give to the attorney. You will need to explain each of your arguments. You should expect to have 30 minutes to present your arguments. You should include detailed speaker notes to assist in your presentation. Please make sure to have at least 12 slides for review besides a title slide and a References slide. Each slide should be thoroughly referenced and cited based in psychological research, using APA formatting.Submit your assignment to the M3: Assignment 2 Dropbox by Wednesday, February 1, 2017.International Development homework help

Why Does South Korea Dread Absorbing North Korea Research Paper

Table of Contents Introduction The opinions of South Koreans Economic difficulties Cultural differences Political instability Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The unification of North and South Koreas has often been discussed by the political leaders. The main obstacle is that these countries differ dramatically in terms of culture, work ethics, attitudes toward the state, and many other aspects that prevent these states from establishing diplomatic or economic relations. Furthermore, many South Koreans object to this integration because they believe that the unification will be a time-consuming process requiring significant costs (Branigan unpaged). On the whole, they are afraid of the absorption of North Korea can lead to such difficulties as the increased economic burden on South Korean taxpayers, the need to reconcile two dramatically different cultures, and possible political instability. This is the main thesis that should be discussed more closely. Each of these obstacles can pose a significant burden on South Korea. The opinions of South Koreans It should be noted that the opinions of South Koreans has changed dramatically since the early nineties. For instance, in 1994, approximately 94 percent of South Koreans believed that the unification of two countries was necessary (Branigan unpaged). In their opinion, this task was feasible, even though it was rather challenging. Nevertheless, 13 years later only 64 percent people of insisted on the unification of the two Koreas (Branigan unpaged). Furthermore, many people in this country believe that the absorption of North Korea is not a realistic task. To some degree, this change can be attributed to the growing inequalities and discrepancies between these countries. One of their most important concerns of these people is that the unification of these states can lead to organized crime (Branigan unpaged). To a great extent, it will be the consequence of unemployment in the unified state. Furthermore, one should take into account that the economy of South Korea has also been affected by the global recession. Therefore, it may be difficult for the country to bear the costs of unification. Certainly, one can argue that these countries have common cultural heritage or language; however, they do not seem to be sufficient for the integration of these countries. One should examine these challenges in greater detail. Economic difficulties In order to understand the differences between the two countries, one should mention that the economy of North Korea is almost entirely state-controlled. Furthermore, the political leaders of the country focus only on the military development of the state, while other needs of the population can be ignored. In particular, approximately 30 percent of the GDP can be spent on the army while other areas such as education, infrastructure, or medicine remain underdeveloped (Kihl and Kim 118). Additionally, the income level in this country is much lower than in South Korea (Kihl and Kim 118). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Furthermore, it is critical to remember that private businesses are illegal in this country. This is one of the reasons why many of the most essential goods are not available to North Koreans (Kihl and Kim 118). Despite the fact that approximately 35 percent of the country’s population is employed in agriculture, North Korea continuously struggles with food shortages (Central Intelligence Agency unpaged). To a great extent, these difficulties can be attributed to the inefficiencies of many collective farms. Apart from that, the economic sustainability of this state depends on the economic assistance provided by China (Kihl and Kim 118). These examples are important since they suggest that South Korea cannot easily integrate North Korea. It is possible to argue that the burden of South Korean taxpayers will increase, and they may be unwilling to cope with this difficulty. This is why they object to the unification of the two countries. There are other issues that are closely related to economics. First of all, one should speak about labor force. The economy of North Korea strongly relies on forced labor of soldiers or prisoners (Kihl and Kim 118). Some of people are denied the access to education only because their parents were accused of disloyalty to the state. This book Escape from Camp 14 written by Blaine Harden throws light on this problem. In particular, it explores the experiences of a child who has lived in a prison camp since childhood (Harden 10). The main problem is that South Korea will need to provide financial assistance to these people who cannot easily integrate into the economy which is based on the principle of free trade and capitalism. It should be kept in mind South Korea may find it difficult to do it because at present, the country has to cope with its own economic problems. This is one of the main challenges that should not be overlooked by political leaders. Furthermore, there are other important limitations of North Korean economy. The technologies adopted at the state-controlled enterprises in this country have long become obsolete (Schwekendiek 27). The productivity of these organizations is significantly lower in comparison with their South Korean counterparts (Schwekendiek 27). Therefore, they cannot significantly contribute to the GDP of the unified country provided that this unification does take place. This barrier is also important for understanding the pitfalls of integrating these two states. Therefore, one should remember that the economic integration of these states will be a very time-consuming process. Moreover, one cannot say to what extent this task is feasible. This is the main argument that can be put forward. Cultural differences Furthermore, it is critical to remember that the culture of North Korea cannot be easily reconciled with the values of South Koreans. One should keep in mind that the main purpose of the official propaganda in this state is to enforce complete loyalty of a person to the government. This is the goal that North Korean officials want to achieve at any cost. We will write a custom Research Paper on Why Does South Korea Dread Absorbing North Korea specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Furthermore, every individual, who is suspected of disloyalty, can be imprisoned, tortured, or executed (Schwekendiek 27). These practices are reported by many North Korean defectors who flee to western countries. For instance, it is possible to mention the experiences of Shin Dong-hyuk whose life is described in the book Escape from Camp 14. The recollection of this person indicates that North Koreans are denied any access to the knowledge about the outside world (Harden 20). Moreover, it should be kept in mind that there are various internment camps in which people can be detained for a great period of time without any justification (Harden 10). In some cases, even children can be imprisoned only because their parents can viewed as the enemies of the government. The main issue is that many North Koreans take this totalitarian control for granted. Additionally, South Korea is portrayed by the propaganda as the most dangerous enemy of North Korea (Schwekendiek 27). It is critical to remember that at present, the two countries are continuously on the verge of a military conflict. At this point, one cannot accurately determine how exactly this conflict can be resolved. The urgency problem was highlighted by the recent allegations of North Korean leaders who emphasized the idea that South Korea could only be the enemy. Therefore, one should not forget the diplomatic barriers to unification. This is another aspect that should not be disregarded because diplomatic hostility can undermine the process of unification. On the whole, the values of many North Korean people have been transformed dramatically. In contrast, South Koreans have become accustomed to living in a multicultural environment in which such things as individuality, independent initiative, or openness are valued. In turn, many North Korean defectors cannot easily assimilate into a new culture. Therefore, cultural aspects of this issue should not be overlooked by political leaders. Political instability The concerns of many South Koreans can be related to the possibility that the unification of two countries can undermine the political stability in the country. This is another issue that should be overlooked. At present, political leaders cannot develop the methods through which the two states can be unified. In particular, it is necessary to design a system of checks and balances that can prevent the state from becoming totalitarian. For instance, at present North Korea does not legal framework that can protect the human rights of citizens. Furthermore, the work of law-enforcement agencies is not regulated in any way. Therefore, these institutions also must be reformed; otherwise, they can pose a threat to citizens. So, if South Korea absorbs its northern neighbors, the government will have to take several precautions which can ensure political stability in the country. This issue should be disregarded because South Korea should make sure that the legacies of autocratic regime do not affect the privileges of citizens. Not sure if you can write a paper on Why Does South Korea Dread Absorbing North Korea by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Additionally, it will be necessary to develop legislation that will needed for the effective functioning of the unified country. In particular, one has to adopt laws that can effectively support business activities. However, this effort requires both time and capital. This obstacle is also of great concern to South Korean policy-makers who do not know whether this goal can be fully achieved. Therefore, it is critical to bear in mind that legislators will have to work on the development of the legislation for North Korea. South Koreans may be reluctant to absorb North Korea because this process can create a significant number of challenges for their country. Conclusion These examples suggest that South Korea cannot easily absorb North Korea. This difficult can be attributed to several factors. One should pay attention to such aspects as economic development of the future state, its culture, and political stability. This is why many North Koreans can be unwilling to absorb North Korea. They are not sure whether they can bear the burden of unification. To a great extent, their concerns can be justified because the integration of these states will require considerable costs, reconciliation of different cultures, and changes in the legislation. These are some of the most important issues that should not be disregarded by people who attempt to achieve the unification of these countries. Works Cited Branigan, Tania. “Korean unification: dreams of unity fade into past for young South Koreans.” The Guardian 27 May, 2013. Web. Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook; North Korea. Central Intelligence Agency. 2013. Web. Harden, Blaine. Escape from Camp 14: One Man’s Remarkable Odyssey from North Korea to Freedom in the West, New York: Penguin Books, 2013. Print. Kihl, Young, and Hong Kim. North Korea: The Politics of Regime Survival, Boston: M.E. Sharpe, 2006. Print. Schwekendiek, Daniel. A Socioeconomic History of North Korea, New York: McFarland, 2011. Print.