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Factors Affecting The Tourism Industry In Egypt Tourism Essay

Factors Affecting The Tourism Industry In Egypt Tourism Essay. Egypt is a country with historical and cultural treasures, as well as its symbol of pyramids. It’s very easy to see Egypt is a country that is so unique and popular for tourists. Egypt’s famous attractions include the Red Sea, The Nile River and some of the major cities like Luxor and the capital, Cairo. Egypt has a stable economic in the Middle East and with the fast growth of economy, the average of 4% to 5% of GDP have maintained in the past quarter-century. And during past few years, Egypt has organized to achieve good macroeconomic outcomes. Since the government has conducted the economic reform process, the foreign earnings and investors have been the key issue. This was because of the implementation of the economic reforms that made by the government, which including the exchange rate system, the trade regime, the business sector as well as the growing domestic demand. The real GDP growth rate has increased from 4.1% (2004) to 7.1(2007). During the international economic downturn, the Egyptian has handled the crisis well, and achieving the reasonable economic conditions compared to other countries. This is because of the substantial macroeconomic, fiscal and economic reforms that helped Egypt gets through the crisis. Despite the ongoing reforms, the economic still struggles with the growing informal sector, which means the economic reforms which achieving higher growth in these years has made no significant changes on employment and standard of living, the official unemployment rate is ranged between 10% to 15%, and the level of youth unemployment even higher. 表å-®çš„底部表å-®çš„é ‚ç«¯ Unemployment Year Unemployment rate (%) 2000 11.8 2001 11.5 2002 12 2003 12 2004 9.9 2005 10.9 2006 9.5 2007 10.3 2008 9.1 2009 8.4 Job creation is one of the most important challenges facing Egypt today. Egypt has a young population and a large number of young people are entering the job market each year to apply for jobs. Demand for the labor is a part of problem. Even with the high growth of economy. The job content of growth has not been strong enough to absorb the new entrants to the labor market. The education, training and skills between the jobs offered and the qualification of job seekers have also harmed on employment, especially among the youth. Inflation rates history from 2003 to 2010 Year Inflation rate (consumer prices) Rank Percent Change Date of Information 2003 4.30 % 81 2002 2004 4.30 % 83 0.00 % 2003 est. 2005 9.50 % 188 120.93 % 2004 est. 2006 4.90 % 135 -48.42 % 2005 est. 2007 6.50 % 153 32.65 % 2006 est. 2008 9.50 % 188 46.15 % 2007 est. 2009 18.30 % 199 92.63 % 2008 est. 2010 11.90 % 204 -34.97 % 2009 est. PESTEL analysis: Political The political situation in Egypt is likely to be stable since the president Hosni Mubarak was elected in 1981. However, there have been many examples of unrest in recent years. The current political situation is in the middle of an unstable transition period. And the presidential elections are scheduled for next year and it is unsure if President Hosni Mubarak will be a candidate for it. Also concerning the president’s health, Mubarak maybe no longer in power, and the military as well as the Muslim Brotherhood are other two forces which could emerge during an unstable period. Egypt’s political system receives strong financial support from the U.S., which given a big challenge of the Egyptian state, but today, Egypt is also seeking to strengthen links with countries such as Russia and China. Economical Egypt’s geography is considered as a harsh fact of life, the country is largely covered by desert but it’s highly fertile Nile valley and delta, where we can see the most economic activities take place. And the economy of the former British colony (until 1952) was highly centralized but has opened up since 1980s economic change programme. From 2004 to 2008 there has increased more economic changes and improvements to attract foreign investment and its GDP growth were implemented, the average GDP is expected to keep 5% per annum. However, the global financial crisis has slowed down the Egyptian economic, but not stopped the reforms. The international economic crisis slowed down Egypt’s GDP to 4.7% in 2009, and mainly affecting country’s export sectors, including manufacturing industry and tourism industry. Fortunately, growth in domestic sectors, such as energy, transportation, telecommunications and construction kept economic growth and slightly stop falling further in the year of 2009. Social Generally speaking, Egypt is like many other less developed countries, it has higher rate of population growth, and also like many developing countries, there is a big gap between the rich and the poor. The top ten percent of the people are living as standard but the majority of the population in urban areas has an extremely hard time meet their expectations. And that’s also the reason why even though Egypt has the high levels of economic growth, living conditions for the average Egyptian still remain poor. Another reason is due to the international economic crisis, Egypt is also affected by the increasing global food prices. There were several protests and strikes by government employees happened in Egypt in 2008 following by increased food prices and shortages. Besides, because of the financial crisis, the slowing down of economic activity in Egypt will reduce the country’s economic capacity to create jobs and consequently increase the unemployment rate. Technology ICT (Information Communication Technology) sector has been found by the government as the main component of national economy. As Egypt’s economy grew by 5.8% in the first quarter of 2010, and ICT industry was rapidly growing by 13%. Egypt communications technology is positively having a huge impact on overall economic growth of the country. Environmental Environmental issues are considered as the main challenges facing to hospitality and tourism industry, because as growing rate of tourism industry, Egypt has become one of the world’s popular attractions, the so called “Mass tourism” brought a lot of businesses but on the other hand it generated enormous environmental hazards. For instance, Red Sea is under the threat of water pollution, the dust, which causes air pollution, covers the cities. Fortunately, environmental awareness in Egypt is slowly increasing through government programs and policies. Although many of Egypt’s environmental programs are just beginning to gain positive results, the government’s awareness-raising programs are preparing Egyptians to tackle their environmental challenges. SWOT analysis: Strengths Egypt has various natural resources and energy, such as oil, River Nile, and agriculture Tourism is considered the largest sector of Egypt’s economy – earning the country US $11 billion last year. Egypt attracted a total of 12.8 million visitors in 2008. Plans and Strategies would encourage international financial support, particularly US aid. President Mubarak’s government controls over the key power of the country The government is generally reform-minded to economic policy Weakness: Rise of illegal religious parties, e.g Muslim brotherhood upset political environment. Challenge facing Egyptian economy is rising inflation rate, young population, high poverty levels, and high unemployment Regional conflict with potential risk, Egypt has minor conflicts along religious lines between the Muslim majority and Christian minority Opportunity: Infrastructure investments are conducted by the government, including water treatment plants, highways, railways and power. In 2011, Egypt aims to attract more than 16 million tourists, generating more than $14 billion in revenue Threat: Rising terrorism in Muslim countries would affect tourism industry. Acts of terrorism, including bombings in Red Sea resort and one of the biggest attacks affecting the hotel industry was at the Hilton hotel in Taba where 31 people were killed. Environmental concerns are relatively new in Egypt. For example, Red Sea is under the threat of pollution. The main causes are the constant pouring wastes by the hotels near costal area, and also the tourism industry has done further harm by pumping chemicals and other waste products in the sea. Analysis of Hotel Chains Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces: Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces is a famous chain of hotels and resorts all over the world. The Indian Hotels Company Limited and its subsidiaries are known as Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces. As a part of the Tata Group, one of India’s largest business companies, Taj Hotels Resort and Palaces own and operate 76 hotels, 7 palaces, 6 private islands and 12 resorts and spas, spanning 52 destinations in 12 countries across 5 continents and employ over 13000 people. Besides India, Taj Hotels Resort and Palaces are located in the United States of America, England, Africa, the Middle East, Maldives, Mauritius, Malaysia, Bhutan, Sri Lanka and Australia. Taj in Egypt: Palm Hills Developments (PHD) has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with The Indian Hotels Company Limited, which also known as Taj Hotels, Resorts and Palaces, to manage and organize three hotel investments in its developments on the North Coast, Ain El Sokhna on the Red Sea, also in the historic city of Aswan of Egypt The hotels will be Taj’s first entry into the Egyptian market and bring with it the Indian chain’s renowned mixture of luxury, service and hospitality. The first deluxe boutique hotel is due to be opened in 2013, and is located in the North Coast Destination, Hacienda Bay. Key features of this 200-room boutique hotel will include a focus on luxury, including magnificent rooms and suites, exquisite dining experiences, a state-of-the-art spa and wellness center and exclusive beach management. Sustainability Management Control As hospitality industry has become more and more popular in Egypt, hotel chains have to be able to reach the sustainability requirement, the purpose of this study is to present an overview of a general picture for ecotourism resources management to understand how sustainability can be applied to different hotel sites and how resources can be managed properly as well as marketed effectively and efficiently in Egypt’s hotel industry. As a famous hotel chain, there are several steps that needs to take into consideration: Taking the environmental measurements when conducting tourism product and implementing market activities. Producing environmental friendly tourism products and services. Implementing tourism activities with considering the environmental resources conservation. Training tourism guides in the forms of ecotourism activities. By developing the employee’s skills and raising the environmental awareness of resources Designing a suitable information system for sustainability issues offered by hotel services and facilities. Other concerns which may affect decision making Terrorist attacks It seemed that terrorism has become one of the issues of Egypt. Many hotels were suffered from bombings. The following attacks caused many innocent people dead by terrorist attacks. The 2004 Sinai bombings were three bomb attacks targeting tourist hotels in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, on October 7, 2004. The April 2005 attacks were three related incidents that took place in Cairo on 7 April and 30 April 2005 The Dahab bombings of 24 April 2006 were three bomb attacks on the Egyptian resort city of Dahab. The resorts are popular with Western tourists and Egyptians alike during the holiday season. A car bomb explosion outside a church in the north Egyptian city of Alexandria An attack that would have as perpetrator the terrorist group Al Qaeda, left 21 people dead and 79 injured. The bomb exploded outside a Christian church in the city of Alexandria. Conclusion: According to our research and report, we believe that investing in Egypt is a necessary move for the Taj hotel brand. Here are some facts and statics why we think Egypt is worth to invest: Egypt is currently experiencing a huge boom in tourism industry, which is pushing this historic country to the first line of the developing tourism industry. Recent statistics on Euromonitor International indicates that in the past four years, tourism revenue has increased by 40 %. Furthermore, in order to increase national income from tourism industry, the country has directed part of the foreign investment to construct new hotels to accommodate the growing number of tourists. This trend is the driving force for IQPC’s Hotel Design and Construction Egypt, which took place from December 12-15, 2010. When asked to describe the current market situation, Simon F. Cooper, president and chief operating officer of the Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, commented that, “With the growth in tourism, the increasing strength of the Egyptian economy, the sustained development of the infrastructure required, and the investment support from within the Egyptian tourism and hospitality sector, we see expansion within Egypt to be an important future strategy.” It appears not only leading hotel operators are looking to branch into this emerging market. HGBD Arabia’s Waleed Mohammed Abdel Saleem echoed Cooper’s sentiments. In a recent survey, the Design Divison manager gave his opinion on the Egyptian tourism market saying, “Egypt is a healthy and profitable market, there are lots of areas that need resorts and hotels”. Experts have indicated that there needs to be a level of sophistication in designing and constructing hotels to fit the demands of the increasing tourism boom. With an ongoing industry, it is very important for industry leaders to stay up to date and transport the emerging tourism market in this country to a well- established and competent market. As mentioned, this region will hold a great potential for future construction projects in the hospitality industry, and there is no doubt that the demand is there. Factors Affecting The Tourism Industry In Egypt Tourism Essay
BIO 121 CSUGC Helping Save Green Humphead Parrotfish Annotated Bibliography.

Annotated BibliographyThe end of class will be here soon. It is time to take some additional steps toward completing your Portfolio Project. For this option, create an annotated bibliography with at least 10 references that you will use in your paper and two images you may use in your presentation. You can use any source you would like, but at least five of them must be from peer-reviewed journals.References:For each reference provide the following information:State what kind of resource it is (e.g., peer-reviewed journal article, magazine article, website, or Ted Talk) and why you think it is a reliable source of information.Describe why you chose the resource.Discuss how you will use it in your paper.Images:For the images make sure you are not infringing on copyright. Use your own photos, or something available through creative commons. Provide the following information:A complete reference for the image in APA formatting.A description of how the image would be used in your presentation.Follow APA format according to the CSU Global Writing Center Include a title page, but you will not need a separate reference page. Simply put your annotations about each reference below the reference.Requirements:Include a title page, but you will not need a separate reference page. Simply put your annotations about each reference below the reference.Your paper must be formatted according to the CSU Global Writing Center
BIO 121 CSUGC Helping Save Green Humphead Parrotfish Annotated Bibliography

Table of Contents Company image Customer service Direct sales Advertising and promotion Publicity Telemarketing/ direct mail Market penetration effectiveness Trade shows Company: Agner Aero Industries. Type of business: Hardware Distributor for Aeorospace. Company image The company’s image is a company logo. The logo has artistic letter initials; AAI. In addition, the image will be portrayed in artistic form in letter heads on business letters and cards. The image will also be embedded on the company’s website. Potential customers are deemed to notice the company’s image through the letter heads of the company’s invoices. The letter heads will have the company’s logo and the company’s location and address on any printed material. The company will also take the initiative of taking part in several corporate social responsibility activities, especially on environment conservation. The company will remain as a major sponsor in such activities to ensure its image is publicly known. Customer service The company will invest in customer service by improving on deliveries of ordered products and services. The company will also have a 24 hour call center that takes in customer requests. Moreover, the company will improve customer service through quality products and services. The company policy on warranties and guarantees is to offer such on 1 year basis on any product and service bought. The company policy on returns is that once good or service is sold, they cannot be accepted back from the customer. However, the company is to incur any service cost. Direct sales The company will form and develop a direct sales team that will be trained on all aspects of selling the company’s products and services. This process will cost an estimated cost of $2 million on materials, salaries, samples and training. Advertising and promotion The company will use newsletters and online marketing for advertising the company’s distribution system. In this case, the media to be used for advertisement and promotion is the internet and the print media. The advertisement and promotion initiative is estimated to cost $6 millions. Publicity In order to obtain publicity, the company intends to gain publicity by engaging the press and public relations. Moreover, the company intends to conduct corporate social responsibility events to promote the publicity of its image, products and services. In this case, the company will promote environment conservation events though the press. Other events to be promoted include the trade fairs and customer training and education conferences. In this context, the media to be used for publicity will include the radio and television stations and print media. Telemarketing/ direct mail While conducting telemarketing, the company will obtain a mailing list from the region’s telephone directory. The telemarketing will be scheduled twice every week, with an estimated 40% response rate of potential customers telephoned. It is estimated that the telemarketing will cost an estimated $ 250,000. Market penetration effectiveness The company will use advertising, promotion, customer service, publicity and direct sales as some of the market penetrating activities. These activities will begin at the first week of the development of the market penetration plan and end at the third month of the plan’s implementation. Each activity will be spearheaded by a team leader. Each activity’s effectiveness will be measured by the end results of the third month. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Trade shows The company will exhibit its product at the end of the year trade show. The trade show is estimated to be attended by an average of 300,000 people. The company also intends to take part in the mid-year trade fair conference without product exhibits.
The AUDI Automotive Supply Chain Report. Executive Summary The automotive industry has seen tremendous growth over so many years. It is still growing up to date. This growth though has come about with challenges facing the senior management at the Audi Company that the industry needs to sort out for it to remain a profitable venture for investors. Some of these challenges are: Saturation of the industry is a problem is affecting the supply of vehicles to the market. It has stifled further growth of the industry by inhibiting the movement of goods in the market as well as the marketing of new products. Another challenge is the influx of independent dealers. Independent dealers have invaded the industry in masses thus complicating the feedback system that the manufacturers used to have, which they use in the forecasting of market demands. Product proliferation has been identified as a challenge to the distribution of automobiles due to the difficulty it has presented to the dealers in terms of differentiation of the models in the market. Different manufacturers have presented the market with cars that have almost the same features thus posing a challenge in the process of defining how one car is better that the other. The paper therefore presents the above challenges in details in an attempt to provide possible solutions to them especially with regard to the Audi automaker. Introduction The automotive industry has come out as one of the most expansive and growing industries due to the need for people to move around using vehicles. Audi Company is one of such automotive industries. The ability to sustain the ever-increasing competition has boiled down to planning for the market and the ability to put together a proper logistic framework to cope with the needs of the industry. Therefore, using Audi as a case company, the paper presents the key challenges that the senior management at this company faces. Besides, it presents the solutions to the challenges in a bid to boost its performance. Key Challenges that senior management faces Saturation of the automotive industry market The biggest challenge that faces the industry can be attributed to the saturation of the market thus leading to a form of stagnation. Paul (2003) finds that the Audi automotive industry has seen a steady decline in growth of the market especially in the developed world, which forms the largest market accounting for 70% of all the cars made (p.9). This saturation qualifies as a key challenge because it has been occasioned by several factors that put together have led to the slowdown in the purchase of new cars in the developed world, which is the biggest consumer of cars due to a high purchasing power of the market. The car industry has seen a wide expansion for a long period in the production capabilities of the manufacturers who have led to mass production of cars mostly of the same model due to technological advancement as a way of tapping the benefits of economies of scale. This has led to the Audi market being flooded with so many cars that at times do not attract the interest the manufacturers had thought that they would thus leading to a kind of stock pile of cars that would be sold under incentives that would eat into the profits of the manufacturers at the end of the day. This has become a tremendous challenge to the management of a company like Audi due to the need to find ways of balancing between the market demand and the supply of cars as well as the ability to keep a strong presence in the market (Pil 2004, p.396). Most countries, which can be described as developed, are found in Europe and America, which are the biggest consumers of cars. Due to the unfolding economic conditions, most possible buyers of new cars have resorted to keeping their old cars. This strategy has affected the turnover of new cars. The biggest challenge in this case has been how to tackle the forecasts that had been made by Audi through the different suppliers of cars. It has led to suppliers having in store stock that is not moving, which would have to be sold on the cheap end at the end of the day. The dynamic nature of the car industry is that every other day a new model is brought into the market. People will tend to rush towards it as they move from the old models. Therefore, forecasts for new cars are made with the mind that the stock will be cleared within a specific time before another model can be brought. As a result, when a model stays for long in the show room and in the store, it becomes difficult for suppliers to take in more stock. This has a domino effect on all players in the market, as it will affect suppliers of car components as well and thus leading to a breakdown in relationship in that they would refuse in the future to supply to Audi and supply to their competitors. Therefore, because the Audi automotive supply chain is tied to demand, suppliers must match the supply with demand. The influx of independent dealers The Audi industry is currently facing so many challenges due to changes in the mode of operation that has hit the industry in the recent past. This qualifies as a crucial challenge since Audi used to offer exclusive rights initially to specific car dealers who would be the exclusive suppliers of a given brand of cars within a certain region. Thus, they would enjoy a comfortable sale of cars if the brand were popular. These exclusive dealers would be the point men of the manufacturers on the ground. They would be used to collect and remit data on the sales, performance of cars, as well as the new and possible trends that should be expected. This case is different to the present-day emergence of independent dealers as well as virtual dealers (Rodgers 2004, p. 62). The tricky bit about independent dealers is that, as much as they would be willing to supply a certain brand of a car, they cannot be tied to contractual obligations that would require them to trade only in the cars from the specific manufacturer. They tend to stock in vehicles that sell fast and or are appealing to the buyer. Therefore, they cannot be relied for giving feedback to the manufacturer on the performance of a specific model. Independent dealers would also stock cars from rival manufacturers who would be a source of competition to cars from Audi. Audi uses the build-to-forecast system when coming up with predictions for the market demand. This involves collecting of data from the different suppliers for production programming, which leads to order entry, which in turn leads to production scheduling, supplier scheduling, and inbound logistic, which will end up with vehicle production (Holweg 2002, p.845). All these happen through the feedback mechanism that enables manufacturers to obtain information about the market before they can produce the cars. This bottom-up approach to manufacturing enables the manufacturer and the dealer on the ground to be in constant touch with each other thus saving the manufacturer the need to do a lot of research. The problem with independent dealerships is that they are so many nowadays that Audi cannot keep a tab on them for collecting data. It tends to stock impulsively depending on the emergence of new and attractive models. Another mode of dealership that has disrupted the state of the Audi market is the emergence of auto ‘cybermediaries’. As such, car-pooling has come in as a challenge to Audi Company’s marketing of its new cars. This pooling is done through rentals in that one does not need to buy a car for a certain occasion. Rather, he or she needs to rent one. Car-pooling affects the marketing of Audi’s new cars because future buyers tend to concentrate on them instead of buying their own. Product Proliferation in terms of Car models Product proliferation has turned out to be one of the biggest problems that Audi has to face in the current market. The reason behind this claim is that the Audi automobile industry is heterogeneous in nature and that so many brands of cars are in the market having features similar to one another. The level of differentiation has become so thin that it is difficult to tell the difference in features of cars form the same manufacturer competing against each other and cars from different manufacturers competing in the market (Dragansk 2005, p. 8). Though Audi has made a monumental difference in the differentiation of its products, it has become a challenge to it due to the need to be ahead of the market in terms of production of the latest models. The challenge posed by modern models of cars is that they do not last in the market for long before new models can be made. This has made the movement of Audi’s stock become exceedingly difficult thus forcing the company to produce limited models of specific brands of cars, which therefore take away from them the advantages, which come with economies of scale (Miemezyk 2004, p. 175). The performance of most cars that are coming today in the market especially the high-end cars that Audi sells for a premium can be defined simply as scientific in nature because the features that these cars have between them can only be recognised from a scientific point of view when it comes to performance. The differentiation of these cars is about components, which are made specifically for a given model as a way of identifying the model. Different suppliers manufacture these components. Thus, it takes time to put them together and transport them to the manufacturer’s site. Guimen (1999) indicates, “The cost of transporting different components for different cars increases the cost of the cars as well as the time the car can become complete” (p.243). Furthermore, different suppliers who are found in different locations make these components hence making a hefty challenge to the Audi carmakers because it escalates the prices of the cars that Audi has to supply to the market by making the costs prohibitive. The delivery of the parts also takes time therefore adding to the delay in time the complete unit can be delivered to a customer from the time of the order to the time it is delivered. The proliferation of different models therefore affects the marketing of cars by Audi in such a way that the company has to find convincing language and terms that will convince the clients to buy the car. Different dealers stock in different models. Therefore, the transportation of ready cars to the different suppliers is an added cost to Audi because the dispatch cannot be made in bulk to save costs of delivery thus increasing the cost of cars. Due to the economic conditions in the European and American markets, a rise in cost for any goods simply puts off potential clients. The economic conditions have also affected the suppliers of components in such a way that they cannot deliver on time or have increased the minimum number of units of a component that they can sell for them to make a profit. This has affected Audi in such a way that the company will either have to pay much higher prices for the components or buy much more than it requires since this will be higher than the orders it has received. Solutions to the challenges Solution to tackling the Saturation of the market challenge The problem of saturation of the market can be attributed to both the manufacturers and the economic conditions, which are beyond the control of the Audi industry. For a long time, just like many other manufacturers, Audi has used the build-to-forecast method as a way of determining the market demands for its vehicles. The problem with this method is that it depends on data from dealers and suppliers who tend to overestimate the needs of the market in most cases thus over forecasting the same. This challenge can be resolved by the build-to-order system that will allow only the number of ordered cars to be manufactured thus saving lots of cost on transportation and storage of units that cannot move fast. Suthikarnnarunai (2008) finds, “the build-to-order uses real orders from dealers as opposed to the build-to-forecast system that uses forecasts to manufacturers’ cars (p. 3). The build-to-order provides the best solution to oversupplying of vehicles to the market. It also guarantees market for the given model of vehicles, as they will be produced according to demand. This balance between demand and supply can allow manufacturers like Audi to sell their high-end models without having to guess whether they will sell or not. The problem of saturation of the market can be resolved by finding ways of penetrating in foreign markets that have the potential of providing the consumption of the produced vehicles. 70% of Audi sale volume is in Germany. This simply shows that the carmaker has not been aggressive in the marketing of the car in other European countries as well as America. Asia is also coming up as one of the biggest emerging markets for the world (Friselle 2004, p. 1016). The purchasing power of citizens of these countries has increased tremendously thus providing an exit route for the saturated market in Europe where Audi is concentrated. Audi should also find a cheap way of manufacturing its vehicles as a way of making them more affordable to masses without losing their quality. The company can learn from Subaru, which produces high performance cars that are affordable to many people with parts that are not as expensive as those of Audi. Solution to challenges posed by independent dealers Independent dealers are a massive challenge to Audi. Though they have disrupted the way Audi used to do business with its dealers on the ground, they too provide an avenue of selling cars by the manufacturer. Audi should find ways of collecting data on the ground independent on the dealers. It should also find an integrated way that should be used to incorporate independent dealers. Audi should come up with a system that would recruit dealers at whatever level in a bid to group them according to regional markets, which would then be used as a centre for collecting data from independent dealers. This system should be internet-based with dealers having id’s that would be used in the integrated system. Audi can also find ways of keeping in touch with clients in areas where it does not have a vast presence. This would enable it to acquire data for use in its future manufacture of goods and services. Audi can adopt the automotive loyalty network system, which is a customer relationship management that uses technology to satisfy a car manufacturer’s supply network based on customers’ value and loyalty (Gregory 2006, p.430). It allows the company to flawlessly serve its customers through its ability to manage inventory across the different types of customers that the company has sold to, whether long term or short term. It gives the manufacturer the capacity to plan in a way that will be responsive to the customers’ priorities. Frazier (1999) commends, “this stands out as a good way to integrate all kinds of dealers who at any level have sold an Audi car instead of depending solely from the franchised dealers” (p. 233). It is a way of collecting data from the market using all fronts, which give Audi more information than what it used to have. The collection of data from the field is critical to the Audi automotive industry due to the industry’s dependence on forecasting in the production of motor vehicles. Without the right form of collecting data, the manufacturer will be operating from a jeopardised position. Therefore, the use of the automotive digital loyalty network will enable the Audi manufacturer to integrate all dealers. With this, too they can integrate suppliers in a bid to make it a seamless process that will deliver products satisfactorily when orders are made. Solution to the challenges of product proliferation The problem of product proliferation has been experienced by the Audi carmaker in a way that new models of cars having the same features though from different manufacturers today flood the market. Many car manufacturers have tended to run out of ideas on new models. Thus, when a new car appears on the market, and is seen to be exclusive, it takes a remarkably short time for competitors to come up with models to match it (Poirier 1999, p. 19). Therefore, a solution to this for Audi can be to come up with limited editions of high-end cars that should be able to sell exceptionally fast before they become common. It should venture much more into the custom-made industry as a way of making the difference in the product it has put in the market especially in the high-end cars that it produces. Audi’s market is predominantly Europe specifically the German market. Therefore, to reduce the chances of product proliferation, it can venture into new European markets that never existed before it previously. The Asian market can as well provide an exit point for this problem based on the market’s increase in demand for European luxury goods. Due to the high level of product proliferation and the need for Audi to stand out in the market, Audi therefore needs to plan ahead of the market with many innovations in its stock that will always put it ahead of the market. Audi so far has so many models within its base that are highly competitive within themselves. This raises interdepartmental competition among the different arms that make different cars for different markets. This also requires the carmaker to invest in equipment that will serve the different needs of the different departments. Berry (1995) finds, “this challenge is expensive, and a solution to it is simply to reduce the in-house competition by reducing the internal variety” (p. 246). This can be achieved by having few standards for bodies in the form of body in white, which can then be made different by putting in external features that would differentiate it. This will reduce the cost of equipment needed as well as the number of suppliers needed to make different cars. Conclusion The problems facing Audi in the automotive industry can be viewed as common problems for many automotive manufacturers due to the same mode of operation they have employed over a remarkably long period. The increase in costs of production and the need to come up with affordable cars have become two competing factors that finally affect the marketing of the cars as well as their sales (Christopher 1998, p. 23). This therefore calls for efficiency in the production of cars. One area that has to be streamlined is the logistics channel because they contribute up to 30% of the cost of making a car, which is extremely high. If well managed, logistics and marketing can cut the cost of producing a car to make it easily affordable. References Christopher, M 1998, Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Strategies for Reducing Costs and Improving services, FT-Pitman Publishing, London. Dragansk, M, 2005, ‘Product Line Strength as a Competitive Tool’, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, vol. 14 no. 1, pp. 1-28. Frazier, G 1999, ‘Organising and Managing Channels of Distribution’, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, vol. 27 no. 2, pp. 226-240. Friselle, G 2004, ‘A Strategic Review of Supply Networks’, International Journal of OperationsThe AUDI Automotive Supply Chain Report

BUS 315 Indirect Costs, Business & Finance Assignment Homework Help

BUS 315 Indirect Costs, Business & Finance Assignment Homework Help.

“Indirect Costs” Please respond to the following:Part 1Predict VectorCal’s indirect costs based on the direct costs (e.g. direct labor, direct materials or both). Next, from the e-Activity provide two examples of companies with the same indirect costs that you predicted for VectorCal. Speculate on what the indirect costs of the existing companies bodes for the future of VectorCal.Part 2Suggest one way in which how VectorCal could estimate the future indirect costs for at least ten potential line items related to the production of its navigation systems. Determine two to three (2-3) line items that could affect the indirect costs the most. Justify your response.
BUS 315 Indirect Costs, Business & Finance Assignment Homework Help

Ashford University Special and Bilingual Education Discussion

essay help online Ashford University Special and Bilingual Education Discussion.

• To prepare:• Review all module Learning Resources on library usage and researching.• Review resources on current and seminal information in the field of special education.• Select one issue that you identified in Module 2 as a possible focus area for your capstone product (e.g., dissertation, applied study project).• Based on the issue you have chosen, conduct further research on your issue to:o Identify one seminal article from a professional journal, written at least 10 years ago, by an important scholar in the field of special education.o Identify 5 primary articles, written within the last 5 years on your identified issue in the field of special education.o Identify 2 articles considered to be secondary sources.o Identify at least two credible websites related to your identified issue. Begin to build your working bibliography in APA format. Make sure that any of the resources you find are credible and pertain to your area of interest.Submit a 2-3page paper that includes the following two parts:Part 1: Reference List• Create a reference list of the 10 resources you found along with a brief synopsis (3–5 sentences) of each resource.Part 2: Resource Summary• Choose two of the resources you identified that seem most relevant to your selected issue and provide a 1- to 2-page summary answering the following questions:o How do you know that each of the articles is credible or non-credible?o How do you know that each is a primary source?o How do the findings and implications identified in each of the resources illuminate your thinking about your selected issue in the field of special education?Note: For this Assignment and all scholarly writing in this course and throughout your program, you will be required to use APA style (7th edition).
Ashford University Special and Bilingual Education Discussion

Scenario tasks MEMO

304.1.3 : Cost-Quality Relationship The graduate understands the relationship between costs and quality. SCENARIO You are employed by a firm that produces tangible products. These products are then sold to a consuming populace that is unaffected by place, income, sex, race, age, or any environmental concerns. These products are acquired and used across the spectrum of consumers. REQUIREMENTS Your submission must be your original work. No more than a combined total of 30% of the submission and no more than a 10% match to any one individual source can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from sources, even if cited correctly. An originality report is provided when you submit your task that can be used as a guide. You must use the rubric to direct the creation of your submission because it provides detailed criteria that will be used to evaluate your work. Each requirement below may be evaluated by more than one rubric aspect. The rubric aspect titles may contain hyperlinks to relevant portions of the course. Prepare a memo (suggested length of 1–3 pages) to your supervisor that addresses the following: A.  Identify the three types of costs when quality considerations are made. B.  Explain each of these types of costs using examples. C.  Evaluate the three types of costs considering the trade-offs within manufacturing a product and/or producing a service. D.  Acknowledge sources, using APA-formatted in-text citations and references, for content that is quoted, paraphrased, or summarized. E.  Demonstrate professional communication in the content and presentation of your submission. File RestrictionsFile name may contain only letters, numbers, spaces, and these symbols: ! – _ . * ‘ ( ) File size limit: 200 MB File types allowed: doc, docx, rtf, xls, xlsx, ppt, pptx, odt, pdf, txt, qt, mov, mpg, avi, mp3, wav, mp4, wma, flv, asf, mpeg, wmv, m4v, svg, tif, tiff, jpeg, jpg, gif, png, zip, rar, tar, 7z

CED 607 San Diego State University Week 1 School Counsellors Role Worksheet

CED 607 San Diego State University Week 1 School Counsellors Role Worksheet.

Visit the websites for the four professional associations listed in the “Professional Organizations” section below. Locate and review the professional standards/competencies for each organization. As you review the standards and competencies, look for overlap among the organizations, and identify three currently hot topics related to the school counseling profession that you would like to explore further.Enter your three hot topics into the assignment worksheet. Then, select one of the three topics for further investigation and analysis.Once you’ve chosen your hot topic, watch the National University Library Orientation video below. Then, access the School Counseling Library Guide, and locate two resources in the National University Library that relate to and support your hot topic.Finally, use your chosen resources and the ASCA School Counselor Professional Standards & Competencies document to complete the assignment worksheet, in which you will identify: three ASCA Counselor Mindsets that relate to and align with your topic,eight behaviors for each of the three Mindsets that relate to and align with your top** Website are: , , ,
CED 607 San Diego State University Week 1 School Counsellors Role Worksheet

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